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Thames Water
Thames Water
Utilities Ltd, known as Thames Water, is the monopoly private utility company responsible for the public water supply and waste water treatment in large parts of Greater London, Luton, the Thames Valley, Surrey, Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, Kent, and some other areas of the United Kingdom. Thames Water
Thames Water
is the UK's largest water and wastewater services company,[1] and supplies 2.6 billion litres (570 million imperial gallons) of drinking water per day, and treats 4.4 billion litres (970 million imperial gallons) of wastewater per day. Thames Water's 15 million customers comprise 27% of the UK population.[2][3] Thames Water
Thames Water
is responsible for a range of water management infrastructure projects including: the Thames Water Ring Main around London; the Lee Tunnel;[4] Europe's largest wastewater treatment works [5] and the UK's first large-scale desalination plant, both at Beckton. Thames Water
Thames Water
awarded Bazalgette Tunnel Ltd the contract to build the £4.2 billion London Tideway Tunnel [6][7] Infrastructure proposals by Thames Water
Thames Water
include the proposed reservoir at Abingdon, Oxfordshire, which would be the largest enclosed or bunded reservoir in the UK.[8] Thames Water
Thames Water
is regulated under the Water Industry Act 1991 and is owned by Kemble Water Holdings Ltd, a consortium formed in late 2006 and formerly owned by Australian-based Macquarie Group's European Infrastructure Funds specifically for the purpose of purchasing Thames Water. Currently the largest shareholders are Canadian pensions group OMERS
OMERS
(23%),[9] BT Pension Scheme (13%),[10] the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (9.9%),[11] the China Investment Corporation
China Investment Corporation
(8.7%)[12] and the Kuwait Investment Authority (8.5%).[13] The name of the company reflects its role providing water to the drainage basin of the River Thames and not the source of its water, which is taken from a range of rivers and boreholes. In March 2017 a judge imposed a record fine of £20.3m on Thames Water after large leaks of untreated sewage, totalling 1.4bn litres, occurred over a number of years.[14]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 Privatisation and listing 1.3 Takeovers 1.4 Recent years

2 Finance 3 Performance

3.1 Health and safety 3.2 Leakage

3.2.1 2001–06 (RWE's ownership) 3.2.2 Since 2007 (Kemble's ownership)

3.3 Pollution

3.3.1 Other incidents

3.4 Local planning 3.5 Flooding 3.6 Sheep

4 Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
scheme 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Origins[edit] Thames Water
Thames Water
can trace its history back to numerous earlier companies and individuals stretching back to the early 17th century. In the early 1600s, Edmund Colthurst, Hugh Myddelton
Hugh Myddelton
and later Sir John Backhouse
John Backhouse
were the driving forces behind the New River Company and the New River, which routed water from Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to New River Head in Islington, and provided an additional source of drinking water to London. During the 1850s, Dr John Snow and William Farr's identification of the 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak
1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak
provided a stimulus to the better treatment of sewage. The Thames Conservancy
Thames Conservancy
was established in 1857 with unified control over water supply, drainage and navigation. The Great Stink
The Great Stink
occurred in 1858, and focussed government and public opinion on cleaning up the Thames. Joseph Bazalgette's remediation of The Great Stink
The Great Stink
provided the company with much of London's present Victorian sewerage infrastructure and several listed buildings within its portfolio of sites. In 1973 the Thames Water Authority was founded under the terms of the Water Act 1973, and took over the following water supply utilities and catchment area management bodies:[15]

Cotswold
Cotswold
Water Board Croydon
Croydon
Corporation Epsom and Ewell
Epsom and Ewell
Corporation The Lee Conservancy Metropolitan Water Board, responsible for water supply in London Mid Southern Water
Southern Water
Company Middle Thames Water
Thames Water
Board Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
and District Water Board South West Suburban Water Company Swindon
Swindon
Corporation Thames Conservancy, responsible for managing the non-tidal River Thames (powers taken until 1989) Thames Valley
Thames Valley
Water Board Watford
Watford
Corporation West Surrey
Surrey
Water Board

Privatisation and listing[edit] In 1989, responsibility for navigation, regulatory, river and channels management was transferred to the National Rivers Authority and later became part of the Environment Agency.[16] The remainder of Thames Water Authority was privatised as Thames Water
Thames Water
Utilities Limited. The company became listed on the London Stock Exchange
London Stock Exchange
and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. Following international expansion, Thames Water
Thames Water
became the world's third largest water company in 1995.[17] Takeovers[edit] Thames Water
Thames Water
plc was acquired by the German utility company RWE
RWE
in 2001.[18] As well as its British operations, it continued as an international water treatment consultancy and acquired further overseas operations. On 17 October 2006, following several years of criticism about failed leakage targets in the UK, RWE
RWE
announced it would sell Thames Water for £8 billion to Kemble Water Holdings Ltd, a consortium led by the Australian Macquarie Group.[19] In December 2006, the sale of Thames Water's British operation went ahead, with RWE
RWE
keeping the overseas operations.[20] Under the new ownership, the company re-focused its efforts on improving its operational performance and in 2007 announced the largest-ever capital investment programme (£1 billion p.a.) of any UK water company.[21] In 2012 some of the company's stock was acquired by the BT Pension Scheme (13%), the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority
Abu Dhabi Investment Authority
(9.9%) and the China Investment Corporation (8.7%). Thames Water
Thames Water
was a Tier Three sponsor of the 2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Olympics
in London.[22] Recent years[edit] In 2017, under the Government's Open Water programme, and in common with all Water and Sewerage companies,[23] Thames Water
Thames Water
must provide entirely separate Retail and Wholesale operations for its commercial customers, working through a central Market Operator. On 14 March 2017, Macquarie Group
Macquarie Group
sold its remaining stake in Thames Water's holding company to OMERS
OMERS
and the Kuwait Investment Authority.[24] Finance[edit]

Water pumping station at Littleton

As of 2014[update], Thames Water
Thames Water
provides the second cheapest residential water and sewerage charges of all the combined Water and Sewerage companies.[25] Since 2007, it has made capital investments at least £1 billion a year in its infrastructure – the largest such annual investment within the UK water industry. In 2015–2016, this figure was £1.2 billion.[2] This level of investment has allowed the company to defer, but not avoid, substantial portions of its corporation tax liability in line with UK tax law.[26][27] Performance[edit]

Water pumping station at Walton-on-Thames

Every day, Thames Water
Thames Water
abstracts / extracts, treats and supplies 2.6 billion litres (570 million imperial gallons) of potable tap water from 100 water treatment works via 288 clean water pumping stations through 31,100 km (19,300 mi) of managed water mains to 9 million customers (3.6 million properties) across London and the Thames Valley.[28] It maintains 30 raw water reservoirs and 235 underground service reservoirs.[2] As well as direct customers, Thames Water
Thames Water
supplies bulk clean water to some inset companies. Other inset companies maintain their own independent means of supply. Likewise, it daily removes, treats and disposes 4.4 billion litres (970 million imperial gallons) of wastewater from 15 million customers (5.1 million properties) using 2530 sewage pumping stations through 109,400 km (68,000 mi) of managed sewerage mains to 348 sewage treatment works across an area of 13,000 km2 (5,000 sq mi) of South England.[28] On 1 October 2011, it adopted 40,000 km (25,000 mi) - an additional 60% - of private sewers and lateral drains to add to its then stock of 68,000 km (42,000 mi) giving a new network of 108,000 km (67,000 mi). By 2015, this figure had grown to 109,400 km (68,000 mi) managed sewerage mains. Before 1 October 2016, it is obliged to adopt 5,000+ private sewage pumping stations to add to its current stock of 2530 managed sewage pumping stations [2][29] Again, Thames Water
Thames Water
treats and disposes bulk sewage on behalf of some inset companies.

Chalk
Chalk
aquifer borehole under the North Downs
North Downs
at Albury

Thames Water
Thames Water
produces biosolid fertiliser as a by-product from the waste treatment, and supplies this to local farms. It also recovers phosphates – an increasingly important source of a dwindling naturally occurring mineral.

Sewage Treatment Works at Crossness

As of 2013[update], it recovered approximately 18 MW (156 GWh per year), or 12.5% of its total energy requirements from renewable electricity generated from biogas collected from the sewage. Further biogas capacity, the burning of 'fatbergs' removed from London's sewers and substantial solar farms have enabled the company to announce a 2015–16 target of generating 36 MW (318 GWh per annum) or 20% of its total energy requirements from renewable sources,[2][30][31][32] a 2020 target of self-generating 33% of electricity needs,[2] and a commitment to 100% renewable energy eventually.[2] Health and safety[edit] In December 2014 Thames Water
Thames Water
pleaded guilty to a charge under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 after the death at work of one of its workers. They were fined £300,000 with £61,000 prosecution costs. The incident occurred at their Coppermill Water Treatment Works in Walthamstow, London E17 in April 2010 when an excavator reversed over and killed the worker in a slow sand filter. The prosecution followed an investigation by the Health and Safety Executive.[33] Leakage[edit] 2001–06 (RWE's ownership)[edit] Thames Water
Thames Water
was repeatedly criticised for the amount of water that leaked from its pipes by the industry regulator Ofwat
Ofwat
and was fined for this. In May 2006 the leakage was nearly 900 million litres (200 million imperial gallons) per day and in June that year Thames Water
Thames Water
missed its target for leakage reduction for the third year in a row.[34] The Consumer Council for Water, a customers' group, accused Thames Water
Thames Water
for continuing to miss their targets for the past five years. In July 2006, instead of a fine which would have gone "to the exchequer", the company was required to spend an extra £150 million on repairs.[35] Since 2007 (Kemble's ownership)[edit] Thames Water
Thames Water
has hit its Ofwat-agreed annual leakage-reduction target for the past ten years running (2006 to 2016).[2] In 2006–07, the company stated that it had reduced its daily loss through leaks by 120 million litres (26 million imperial gallons) to an average of 695 million litres (153 million imperial gallons) per day.[36] For 2009–10 the Ofwat-reported daily leakage was 668.9 million litres (147.1 million imperial gallons).[37] In its price control determination for the period 2010 to 2015, Ofwat
Ofwat
did not allow the funds needed to finance a significant further reduction in leakage and used the assumption that daily leakage would be 674 million litres (148 million imperial gallons) in 2010–11 and 673 million litres (148 million imperial gallons) from 2011 to 2012.[38] In 2011–12, actual daily leakage was 637×10^6 l (140×10^6 imp gal); in 2012–13, 646×10^6 l (142×10^6 imp gal); in 2013–14, 644×10^6 l (142×10^6 imp gal); in 2014–2015, 654×10^6 l (144×10^6 imp gal); in 2015–2016, 642×10^6 l (141×10^6 imp gal).[2] The company has achieved these reductions by:

better pressure management of known problem sectors of its older water network replacing 2,736 km (1,700 mi) of worn-out Victorian pipes, mainly under London

The recent successes in meeting leakage targets have mitigated the earlier failures to meet targets. As a result, and in spite of a larger distribution network, Thames Water
Thames Water
now leaks slightly less water than at privatisation in 1989, having reduced leakage from its 31,100 km (19,300 mi) network of water pipes by more than a third since its 2004 peak to its current lowest-ever level.[39] As of 2013[update] and with an older network profile, Thames Water
Thames Water
leaked 25.8%[40] of supply, slightly less than Severn Trent
Severn Trent
at 27%.[41] As of 2015[update] Thames Water
Thames Water
leaked 25.1% of supply.[42] Pollution[edit] In the period 2005–13 Thames Water
Thames Water
was the most heavily fined water company in the UK for pollution incidents, paying £842,500 for 87 events. In 2016, it paid the largest fine for a single pollution incident of £1 million.[43] In March 2017, Thames Water
Thames Water
was fined a record £20.3 million after it pumped nearly 1.5 billion litres of untreated sewage into the River Thames.[14] The company also admitted other water pollution and offences in Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
and Oxfordshire.[44] In awarding the fine, Judge Francis Sheridan noted the company's "continual failure to report incidents" and "history of non-compliance", saying: "This is a shocking and disgraceful state of affairs. It should not be cheaper to offend than to take appropriate precautions. I have to make the fine sufficiently large that [Thames Water] get the message", adding that, "One has to get the message across to the shareholders that the environment is to be treasured and protected, and not poisoned."[14] Conversely, in 2014, Thames Water
Thames Water
admitted that it had accidentally over-reported the number of properties at high risk of sewage flooding between 2005 and 2010. It agreed a compensation package for customers of £86 million.[45] Other incidents[edit] In September 2007, 5 km (3.1 mi) of the River Wandle, Greater London
Greater London
was polluted. In January 2009, Thames Water
Thames Water
pleaded guilty and was "fined £125,000 and ordered to pay £21,335 in clean-up and investigation costs".[46] In February 2010, on appeal, the fine was found to be "manifestly excessive" and was reduced to £50,000.[47] On 5–8 June 2011, more than 230,000 cubic metres (8.1 million cubic feet), or 230,000 tonnes, of sewage were released from Mogden Sewage Treatment works, killing 26,000 fish.[48] Between 14 and 16 August 2011, Thames Water
Thames Water
polluted the Faringdon Stream, in Faringdon, Oxfordshire. The company was fined £10,000 and ordered to pay costs of £4,488 [49] On 29 October 2011, Thames Water
Thames Water
released thousands of tonnes of raw sewage into the River Crane, Greater London
Greater London
killing thousands of fish, when a six-tonne valve jammed during routine maintenance. Despite tankering and alternative routing, the volume of sewage from Heathrow overwhelmed the operations. Thames Anglers Conservancy's Robin Vernon said: “It will take a decade to repair all the damage done by the sewage spill. Everything in there is just dead now.”[50] In 2013, fungus and slime in the River Crane was attributed to runoff of de-icer from Heathrow getting into the river [51] In 2014, Thames Water blamed recent pollution on fat poured down drains by local customers.[52] On 9 December 2011, Thames Water
Thames Water
was fined £60,000 after releasing sewage sludge into the Foudry Brook
Foudry Brook
killing up to 20,000 fish in a three-mile stretch from Silchester, Hampshire.[53] In September 2012, clogged-up pumps caused sewage to be released into the Chase Brook, near Newbury. A £250,000 fine imposed in August 2014 was adjudged "lenient" on appeal in 2015. The pumps were replaced by improved pumps.[54] In January 2016, Thames Water
Thames Water
was fined a record £1m for polluting the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
between July 2012 and April 2013 in Hertfordshire. In addition, it was required to pay costs of £18,000 and a victim surcharge of £120. In its defence, Thames Water
Thames Water
said it had spent £30,000 replacing equipment at Tring.[43] On Christmas Day 2016 Thames Water
Thames Water
Hampton pump failed and as a consequence thousands of Londoners in TW and W postcode areas were left without water and with a huge strain on their Christmas festivities. Local planning[edit] In 2011, the company found itself involved in a controversial redevelopment plan for the Bath Road Reservoir
Bath Road Reservoir
in its home town of Reading. An appeal against Reading Borough Council's rejection of the plan was dismissed by the planning inspector in January 2011.[55] Full planning permission was subsequently granted on 10 December 2012.[56] Flooding[edit] The exceptional rain and weather conditions of 2013–14 caused swollen rivers and several low-lying Thames Water treatment
Water treatment
works to be submerged under flood water. In February 2014, the River Ash caused flooding in homes in Staines-upon-Thames. This flooding was exacerbated by a two-day delay by Surrey
Surrey
County Council's 'Gold Control' flood control group in ordering Thames Water
Thames Water
to close a sluice gate on a Thames Water aqueduct. Thames Water
Thames Water
considered it had been following an existing protocol agreed with Surrey
Surrey
County Council and the Environment Agency.[57] Sheep[edit] Thames Water
Thames Water
maintains commercial flocks of sheep on the borders of several of its reservoirs, which are used as the cheapest way to stop large plants growing and damaging the banks.[58] Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
scheme[edit] Main article: Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
Scheme Over centuries of London's growth from medieval times to the Victorian age, the natural tributary system of the Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
was converted first into public open sewers and then closed over into covered sewers which emptied directly into the River Thames.[59] Joseph Bazalgette's remediation of the ensuing 1850s Great Stink
Great Stink
renewed much of London's sewerage mains infrastructure during the period 1859 to 1865. However, the new design was not intended to cope with the doubling of London's population over the following 150 years. The concreting of huge amounts of London's green spaces causes substantial rainwater run-off into the drainage and sewerage systems which had been expected to soak into the ground. As a result, even small amounts of rainfall in certain circumstances can cause London's outdated Victorian sewerage system to fail over, and release untreated sewage mixed with rainwater directly into the Thames Tideway. Each year, on average, there are 50–60 such incidents and a total of 39 million cubic metres (1.4 billion cubic feet), or 39 million tonnes, is released.[60] In 2013–14, exceptional weather conditions and flooding caused a total release of 55 million cubic metres (1.9 billion cubic feet), or 55 million tonnes.[61] The released effluent follows the ebb and flow of the tidal Thames, and can take up to 3 days to exit the Tideway into the Estuary. For this reason, Thames Water
Thames Water
advises against swimming in the Thames Tideway[62] and, by extension, walking in the tidal strand area. Despite this pollution, large marine mammals are increasingly found in the Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
and Estuary, indicating some level of year-on-year improvement [63][64][65] To mitigate and resolve the above problems, the Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
Scheme proposed a three-stage series of improvements. The first two stages of the improvements were upgrades to 5 sewage treatment works and construction of the 6.9 km (4.3 mi) Lee Tunnel, formally opened on 28 January 2016.[4] Together, these are expected to result in an annual discharge reduction of 40%. This is equivalent to a reduction of 16 million cubic metres (570 million cubic feet) or 16 million tonnes per year, down to about 23 million cubic metres (810 million cubic feet) or 23 million tonnes of effluent per year.[66] The third stage is the 25 km (16 mi) Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
Tunnel, which was proposed by the Thames Tideway Strategic Study, including Thames Water, as an effective solution to deal with most of the remaining problem. On 12 September 2014, planning consent was formally approved by the UK Government.[67] On 24 August 2015, the building contracts were awarded for the western section (Ealing to Hammersmith: £416 million, to BAM Nuttall, Morgan Sindall and Balfour Beatty), the central section (Hammersmith to Tower Bridge: £746 million, to Ferrovial Agroman and Laing O'Rourke) and the eastern section (Tower Bridge to Stratford and Greenwich: £605 million, to Costain, Vinci Construction Grands Projets and Bachy Soletanche).[68] On 3 November 2015, Bazalgette Tunnel Ltd received its operating licence from OFWAT, ensuring the start of the project.[7] The necessity for action has added urgency because of imminent water quality fines of up to £1bn by the European Commission
European Commission
on the UK Government.[69][70] References[edit]

^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
AMP6 alliance already working on delivery plans". Waterbriefing.org. London. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i "Annual Performance Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Thames Water. June 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2016.  ^ "Facts and Figures". Thames Water. Retrieved 31 May 2014.  ^ a b "Mayor of London opens Lee Tunnel". Water and Wastewater Treatment. 29 Jan 2016. Retrieved 4 Feb 2016.  ^ "Bye-bye big stink" (PDF). Beckton in Focus, The Newham Mag, London Borough of Newham. April 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ " Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
Tunnel". London Councils website. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ a b "Green light for £4.2bn London 'super sewer'". Thames Tideway Forum. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015.  ^ "Need for reservoir 'not proven'". BBC News. 5 January 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-thameswater-borealis/borealis-buys-additional-5-5-percent-in-thames-water-from-amp-capital-idUKKBN1AB0SC ^ Harrington, Ben (30 May 2012). "BT Pension Scheme seals deal for 13pc stake in Thames Water". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 March 2013.  ^ "Macquarie sells 9.9% stake in Thames Water
Thames Water
to Abu Dhabi Investment Authority". Waterbriefing.org. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2013.  ^ "China wealth fund buys nearly 9% of Thames Water". BBC News. 20 January 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ https://www.ft.com/content/63ae6f88-08a5-11e7-97d1-5e720a26771b ^ a b c Carrington, Damian (22 March 2017). " Thames Water
Thames Water
hit with record £20m fine for huge sewage leaks". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 March 2017.  ^ The Thames Water Authority Constitution Order 1973 ^ Larry Elliott and Jill Treanor (22 November 2000). "A whole world sold on sell-offs". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "1995–2001 - International expansion". Thames Water. Retrieved 13 June 2014.  ^ Hope, Christopher (19 February 2002). "Germany's RWE
RWE
in frame for Thames Water
Thames Water
owner Takeover bid for power giant sparks surge in share price". The Herald, Scotland. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
to be sold for £8bn". BBC News. 16 October 2006. Retrieved 12 August 2013.  ^ Edmund Conway and Ben Harrington (17 October 2006). "Macquarie buys Thames Water
Thames Water
in £8bn deal". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
in £1bn leaks plan". BBC News. 29 June 2007. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ Mackay, Duncan (31 May 2011). "London 2012 sign up Thames Water
Thames Water
as sponsor". insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Open Water - About Us". Open Water programme. Retrieved 1 June 2014.  ^ Ambrose, Jillian (14 March 2017). "Macquarie sells off final stake in Thames Water". The Telegraph. Retrieved 15 March 2017.  ^ "Average household bills information: 2013–14". www.ofwat.gov.uk. Ofwat
Ofwat
- UK Government regulator. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ Worstall, Tim (6 November 2013). "Another Silly Corporate Tax Story: This Time It's Thames Water". Forbes magazine. Retrieved 28 May 2014.  ^ Rankin, Jennifer (10 June 2013). " Thames Water
Thames Water
pays no corporation tax on £1.8bn turnover". The Guardian. London.  ^ a b "GIS Foundation at Thames Water". Barnsnape Consulting. 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2012.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
Utilities Limited: Annual Report & Financial Statements for the Period ended 31 March 2012" (PDF). Thames Water. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2013.  ^ "On board London's giant floating solar farm". BBC News. 22 March 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
and 2OC in £200m deal to turn 'fatbergs' into energy". waterbriefing.org. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
to generate 20 per cent of energy needs with sewage scheme". utilityweek.co.uk. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.  ^ "Utility company sentenced for worker death". Health and Safety Executive Media Centre. 8 December 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
misses leak target". BBC News. 22 June 2006. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
escapes leakage fine". BBC News. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
hails leak progress". BBC News. 26 November 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ "Service and delivery – performance of the water companies in England and Wales 2009–10 - Supporting information" (PDF). Ofwat. 27 October 2010. p. 46. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ "Future water and sewerage charges 2010–15: Final determinations" (PDF). Ofwat. 26 November 2010. pp. 50–52. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
leakage - explanatory graphs" (PDF). Ofwat. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ 2012/13 figures: 646×10^6 l (142×10^6 imp gal) daily leakage; 2.5×10^9 l (550×10^6 imp gal) daily supply ^ Pearce, Fred (8 May 2012). "The water industry is burying a leaking pipes scandal". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ 2014–2015 figures: 654×10^6 l (144×10^6 imp gal) daily leakage; 2.6×10^6 l (0.57×10^6 imp gal) daily supply ^ a b "Record £1m fine for Thames Water
Thames Water
after sewage leaked was into canal". Evening Standard newspaper. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
fined £20m for sewage spill". BBC News. 22 March 2017.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
to pay £86m package after mis-reporting data". BBC News. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.  ^ Britain’s largest water company prosecuted for 5km river pollution, Environment Agency, February 2009; retrieved on 5 February 2009. ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
fine for toxic spill in River Wandle
River Wandle
cut". BBC News. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Thousands of River Thames
River Thames
fish killed by storm sewage". BBC News. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2012.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
ordered to pay £14K+ for stream pollution". waterbriefing.org. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ Bishop, Rachel (1 November 2011). "River Crane 'destroyed' by sewage spill". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 2 September 2012.  ^ Cumber, Robert (21 March 2013). "Heathrow blamed for slime pollution in river". Hounslow Chronicle. Retrieved 1 August 2015.  ^ Cumber, Robert (8 July 2014). "Latest pollution to River Crane blamed on fat blockage". GetWestLondon. Retrieved 15 July 2014.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
forced to pay out £60,000 over sewage spill". Reading Post. 9 December 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2012.  ^ " Thames Water
Thames Water
brook sewage £250,000 fine deemed 'lenient'". BBC News. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.  ^ "Bath Road reservoir homes appeal rejected after inquiry". BBC News. 15 January 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.  ^ "Consultation on Construction of Homes at Bath Road Reservoir
Bath Road Reservoir
Site". Reading Borough Council. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013.  ^ "Staines residents seek flooding compensation". BBC News. 13 Nov 2014. Retrieved 14 Nov 2014.  ^ "The real-life reservoir dogs (press release)". PR Newswire. Thames Water. Retrieved 4 December 2016.  ^ Dangerfield, Andy (4 October 2015). "The lost rivers that lie beneath London". BBC News. Retrieved 4 October 2015.  ^ "Thames Tunnel Consultation". Thames Tunnel partnership. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Tideway Times, March 2014" (PDF). Thames Water. Retrieved 6 June 2014.  ^ "David Walliams given River Thames
River Thames
sewage warning". BBC News. 10 September 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2014.  ^ Morelle, Rebecca (20 Aug 2015). "Marine mammals thriving in Thames". BBC News. Retrieved 21 Aug 2015.  ^ Hardach, Sophie (12 November 2015). "How the River Thames
River Thames
was brought back from the dead". BBC News. Retrieved 14 November 2015.  ^ "Stranded River Thames
River Thames
whale 'evoked huge public response'". BBC News. 9 Jan 2016. Retrieved 9 Jan 2016.  ^ Cross, Luke (13 November 2012). "Open Doors: Lee Tunnel lifts lid on 'exciting' world of construction". Construction News. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "London's 'super sewer' gets the go ahead". BBC News. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014.  ^ Farrell, Sean (24 Aug 2015). "London super sewer to cost less than expected, says Ofwat". theguardian.com. Retrieved 25 Aug 2015.  ^ "UK faces fine on EU water breach". BBC News. 18 October 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2013.  ^ Harvey, Fiona (26 January 2012). "Thames super-sewer a 'necessity' to prevent EU fines". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thames Water.

Official website

v t e

Thames Water

History

John Backhouse Joseph Bazalgette Edmund Colthurst Great Stink London sewerage system London water supply Metropolitan Board of Works Metropolitan Water Board Hugh Myddelton William Chadwell Mylne New River Company New River John Snow (physician) 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak William Webster

Major projects

Abingdon Reservoir Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
Scheme, including Thames Tideway
Thames Tideway
Tunnel and Lee Tunnel Thames Water
Thames Water
Desalination Plant Thames Water
Thames Water
Ring Main

Categories

Thames Water Reservoirs Predecessor companies

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Water supply
Water supply
and sanitation in London

Companies

Affinity Water Anglian Water Essex and Suffolk Water Sutton and East Surrey
Surrey
Water Thames Water

Major infrastructure

Supply infrastructure Sewerage system Northern Outfall Sewer Southern Outfall Sewer

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United Kingdom
United Kingdom
water industry

Water and sewerage companies in England and Wales

Anglian Water Northumbrian Water Severn Trent
Severn Trent
Water Southern Water South West Water Thames Water United Utilities Welsh Water
Welsh Water
(Not For Profit) Wessex Water Yorkshire Water

Water-only companies in England and Wales

Affinity Water Albion Water Bournemouth Water Bristol Water Cambridge Water Company Cholderton and District Water Company Dee Valley Water Essex and Suffolk Water Hartlepool Water Portsmouth Water South East Water South Staffordshire Water Sutton and East Surrey
Surrey
Water

Scotland

Scottish Water
Scottish Water
(government)

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland Water
Northern Ireland Water
(government)

Crown dependencies

Jersey Water Guernsey Water Isle of Man Water and Sewerage Authority

English regulators

Consumer Council for Water Drinking Water Inspectorate Environment Agency Water Services Regulation

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