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Teignmouth
Teignmouth
(/ˈtɪnməθ/ TIN-məth) is a large seaside town, fishing port and civil parish in the English county of Devon, situated on the north bank of the estuary mouth of the River Teign
River Teign
about 14 miles south of Exeter. It had a population of 14,749 at the last census.[1] In 1690, it was the last place in England
England
to be invaded by a foreign power. From the 1800s onwards, the town rapidly grew in size from a fishing port associated with the Newfoundland cod industry to a fashionable resort of some note in Georgian times, with further expansion after the opening of the South Devon
Devon
Railway in 1846. Today, its port still operates and the town remains a popular seaside holiday location.

Contents

1 History

1.1 To 1700 1.2 1700 to present 1.3 The port 1.4 Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge 1.5 Railway

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Buildings 4 21st century

4.1 Tourism 4.2 Schools 4.3 Sport

5 Notable people associated with the town 6 In Literature 7 Notes 8 References 9 Sources 10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit] To 1700[edit]

Teignmouth
Teignmouth
from above the Ness

The first record of Teignmouth, Tengemuða, meaning mouth of the stream, was in 1044.[2] Nonetheless settlements very close by are attested earlier, with the banks of the Teign estuary having been in Saxon hands since at least 682, a battle between the Ancient Britons and Saxons being recorded on Haldon
Haldon
in 927, and Danish raids having occurred on the Teign estuary in 1001. There were originally two villages, East and West Teignmouth, separated by a stream called the Tame, which emptied into the Teign through marshland by the current fish quay.[3] Neither village is mentioned in the Domesday Book, but East Teignmouth
Teignmouth
was granted a market by charter in 1253 and one for West Teignmouth
Teignmouth
followed a few years later.[4] The Tame now runs under the town in culverts and is only visible higher up the town as Brimley Brook, joined by smaller streams such as the Winterbourne (an intermittent stream, which flows only in winter or after heavy rain). Documents indicate that Teignmouth
Teignmouth
was a significant port by the early 14th century, second in Devon
Devon
only to Dartmouth.[5] It was attacked by the French in 1340 and sent seven ships and 120 men to the expedition against Calais in 1347.[6] Its relative importance waned during the 15th century, and it did not figure in an official record of 1577. This may have been due to silting up of the harbour caused by tin mining on Dartmoor.[7] During the 17th century, in common with other Channel ports, Teignmouth
Teignmouth
ships suffered from raids from Dunkirkers, who were privateers from Flemish ports. It is possible that smuggling was the town's most significant trade at this time, though cod fishing in Newfoundland was also of great importance.[8] In July 1690, after the French Admiral Anne Hilarion de Tourville defeated an Anglo-Dutch fleet at the Battle of Beachy Head, the French fleet was anchored in Torbay
Torbay
and some of the galley fleet travelled the short distance up the coast and attacked Teignmouth. A petition to the Lord Lieutenant
Lord Lieutenant
from the inhabitants described the incident:

... on the 26th day of this instant July 1690 by Foure of the clocke in the morning, your poor petitioners were invaded (by the French) to the number of 1,000 or thereabouts, who in the space of three hours tyme, burnt down to the ground the dwelling houses of 240 persons of our parish and upwards, plundered and carried away all our goods, defaced our churches, burnt ten of our ships in the harbour, besides fishing boats, netts and other fishing craft ...

After examining 'creditable persons' the Justices of the Peace concluded that:

by the late horrid invasion there were within the space of 12 houres burnt downe and consumed 116 dwelling houses ... and also 172 dwelling houses were rifled and plundered and two parish churches much ruined, plundred and defaced, besides the burning of ten saile of shipps with the furniture thereof, and the goods and merchandise therein ...

As a result, the Crown issued a church brief that authorised the collection of £11,000 for the aid of the town. Churches from as far afield as Yorkshire contributed, and the collections enabled the further development of the port.[9] This was the last invasion of England,[notes 1][9] and French Street with its museum is named in memory of the occasion. In the 1600s and 1700s there are records of a windmill on the Den - an area that was then a large sand dune, and is now a grassy public open space near the seafront. By 1759 this windmill was demolished. 1700 to present[edit]

“ A new advantageous Plan of Privateering For a Six Months Cruize All Gentlemen Seamen and Able Landmen who delight in the Music of Great Guns and distressing the Enemies of Great Britain
Great Britain
have now a fine opportunity of making their Fortunes by entering on Board The Dragon Privateer
Privateer
... now ready to be launch'd in the Harbour of Teignmouth... Any persons capable of beating a Drum or blowing a French horn shall have great encouragement. ”

— Advertisement for the Dragon, 1779.

In the late 18th century, privateering was common in Teignmouth, as it was in other westcountry ports. In 1779 the French ship L'Emulation with a cargo of sugar, coffee and cotton was offered for sale at "Rendle's Great Sale Room" in the town. Teignmouth
Teignmouth
people fitted out two privateers: Dragon with 16 guns and 70 men; and Bellona, described as carrying "16 guns, 4 cohorns and 8 swivels".[10] Bellona set sail on her first voyage in September 1779, and was "oversett in a violent Gust of Wind" off Dawlish
Dawlish
with the loss of 25 crew members.[11] The Newfoundland fisheries continued to provide the main employment into the early 19th century (e.g. Job Brothers & Co., Limited) and, fortuitously for the town, as the fisheries declined the prospect of tourism arose. A tea house was built on the Den in 1787 amongst the local fishermen's drying nets. The "Amazons of Shaldon"—muscular women who pulled fishing nets and were "naked to the knee"—were an early tourist attraction for male tourists.[12] By 1803 Teignmouth
Teignmouth
was called a "fashionable watering place", and the resort continued to develop during the 19th century. Its two churches were rebuilt soon after 1815 and in the 1820s the first bridge across the estuary to Shaldon
Shaldon
was built; George Templer's New Quay opened at the port; and the esplanade, Den Crescent and the central Assembly Rooms (later the cinema) were laid out. The railway arrived in 1846 and the pier was built 1865–7.[13]

A view of Teignmouth, the Den and the Ness at Shaldon
Shaldon
in the 19th century.

A version of the legend of the Parson and Clerk dating to 1900 tells the tale of the Bishop of Exeter
Exeter
visiting Teignmouth
Teignmouth
and whilst being guided by a local priest, the devil turns them both to stone, which is seen in the form of two stacks.[14] The First World War
First World War
had a disruptive effect on Teignmouth: over 175 men from the town lost their lives and many businesses did not survive. In the 1920s as the economy started to recover, a golf course opened on Little Haldon; the Morgan Giles shipbuilding business was established, and charabancs took employees and their families for annual outings to Dartmoor
Dartmoor
and elsewhere. By the 1930s the town was again thriving, and with the Haldon
Haldon
Aerodrome and School of Flying nearby, Teignmouth
Teignmouth
was advertised as the only south coast resort offering complete aviation facilities.[15] During the Second World War
Second World War
Teignmouth
Teignmouth
suffered badly from "tip and run" air raids.[3] It was bombed 21 times between July 1940 and February 1944 and 79 people were killed, 151 wounded, 228 houses were destroyed and over 2,000 damaged in the raids.[16] Teignmouth's hospital was bombed during a raid on 8 May 1941, killing three nurses and seven patients. It was rebuilt and reopened in September 1954, making it the first complete general hospital in the country to be built after the formation of the National Health Service.[17] A US Navy plan existed which proposed to dam the harbour and set up a seaplane base, but it was abandoned as the war turned in favour of the allies.[18]

The New Quay at Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in 1827 with a large crane and blocks of cut granite ready for transshipment

New Quay in 2006

The port[edit] The port of Teignmouth, in existence since the 13th century, remains active, mostly handling clay, timber and grain. The Old Quay was built in the mid-18th century on land leased from Lord Clifford. The opening of the Stover Canal
Stover Canal
by James Templer in 1792[19] provided a boost to the port due to the ease with which ball clay could be transported from the mines north of Newton Abbot. After travelling along the canal the barges continued down the estuary to the port. By 1820 this trade was supplemented by granite from the quarries near Haytor
Haytor
on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
carried via the unique granite-tracked Haytor
Haytor
Granite Tramway which was linked to the Stover Canal. The granite to build the new London Bridge came via this route and was sent from the New Quay, which had been built for this traffic in 1821–25 by George Templer, James's son.[20] The Old Quay was sold to George Hennet
George Hennet
in 1850 and became the centre of his trading network. It was connected to the South Devon
Devon
Railway the previous year. Until 1852 Teignmouth
Teignmouth
was legally part of the Port of Exeter. In September of that year, after many years of campaigning (latterly under the leadership of George Hennet), the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury agreed that Teignmouth
Teignmouth
should be independent which was the cause of much celebration.[21] Teignmouth
Teignmouth
has a tradition of shipbuilding from the 17th century. By the turn of the 19th century there were three shipyards in Teignmouth, and three in Shaldon
Shaldon
and Ringmore on the opposite side of the estuary.[22] The industry declined in the early 20th century, but in 1921 Morgan Giles bought the last derelict shipbuilding yard and gave the industry a new stimulus. His shipyard became a major employer, building pleasure craft in peacetime and small craft such as torpedo boats during World War II. The business failed in 1968 not long after Donald Crowhurst's attempt to sail around the world.[23] The Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Royal Benevolent Society sent a lifeboat to Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in 1851 and kept it in a boathouse on the beach near the Custom House. In 1854 the society transferred its lifeboats to the Royal National Lifeboat Institution
Royal National Lifeboat Institution
(RNLI). A new boathouse was provided on The Den with doors facing the harbour which was used until 1940. After a gap of fifty years, on 3 November 1990, the RNLI reopened Teignmouth Lifeboat Station
Teignmouth Lifeboat Station
with an Atlantic 21 inshore lifeboat.[24] Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge[edit]

A Broad Gauge Train leaving Teignmouth
Teignmouth
with Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge and the Ness in the background, circa 1854

Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge in 2004

The original bridge was owned by the Teignmouth
Teignmouth
and Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge Company and opened on 8 June 1827.[25] It had 34 wooden arches and was 1,671 feet long, which made it the longest wooden bridge in England when built. It had abutment walls of a considerable length at either end, and a swing bridge at the Teignmouth
Teignmouth
end to allow sailing ships to pass up the estuary.[26] It cost around £19,000 to build, but the overall expenditure was about £26,000 due to the costs of the necessary Act of Parliament and the purchase of the old ferry-rights.[27] Toll houses were built at each end of the bridge, and the one on the Teignmouth
Teignmouth
side survives.[28] After eleven years, on 27 June 1838 the centre arches of the bridge collapsed, the timbers had been eaten through by shipworms.[29] It was rebuilt in wood and reopened in 1840, but it partially collapsed again in 1893.[28] The bridge was completely rebuilt between 1927 and 1931, using steel for the piers and main girders and concrete for most of the deck, except for the opening span which used timber.[30] On 28 October 1948 Devon
Devon
County Council bought the bridge from the Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge Company for £92,020 and tolls were abolished.[30] The original paintwork was inadequate to deal with the environment, and repairs were required in 1960 and in 1980.[31] In 1998 it was discovered that the bridge had severe structural defects and work to correct this continued until 2002, the bridge remaining open throughout.[26] After this work was completed, residents nearby noticed that in certain wind conditions the bridge "whistles". As of 2007[update] the problem had not been solved.[32] In February 2016 Devon
Devon
County Council announced that the moveable, lifting section of the bridge will be raised later in 2016, for the first time since 2002. This is in order to satisfy a condition in the Act that permitted construction, that the opening section be maintained.[33]

Railway[edit] Teignmouth
Teignmouth
railway station, which opened in 1846, is close to the town centre. It lies between the stations of Dawlish
Dawlish
and Newton Abbot
Newton Abbot
on the Great Western Main Line between London Paddington and Penzance in Cornwall. In 2010/11 it recorded 505,000 passengers, making it the second busiest station on the Riviera Line after Newton Abbot.

Broad-gauge rails and Brunel's atmospheric railway pipe at Didcot Railway Centre. A 4-year-old child indicates the scale.

The line built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
runs along the South Devon Railway sea wall which is a stone embankment between the sea and cliffs that runs for several miles between Teignmouth
Teignmouth
and Dawlish Warren. This line was originally both broad gauge and worked by the atmospheric system, with steam pump houses at regular intervals to create the vacuum. It was not successful for a host of reasons and was converted to normal steam locomotive working. Redundant sections of the atmospheric railway pipes were used as drains all over Teignmouth. One was set in the roadside in Woodway Lane, near Woodway House.

“ Such was the terrific force of the impelled water that along the sea-wall and railway huge coping-stones, probably averaging one ton each, were tossed about like corks... ”

— Illustrated London News, 1859.

In December 1852 a large landslip from the cliffs east of the town caused the railway to close for four days,[34] and in 1855 and 1859 the sea broke through the line at Teignmouth.[35] There have been many more closures since, caused both by landslips from the cliffs and breaches by the sea, especially in winter. In 2010 the sea walls and adjoining estuaries were costing Network Rail
Network Rail
around £500,000 per year to maintain.[36] In 1936 the Great Western Railway surveyed an inland deviation between Exminster
Exminster
and Bishopsteignton
Bishopsteignton
and a shorter route starting near Dawlish
Dawlish
Warren, but the advent of World War 2 brought these projects to an end.[37] Geography[edit] The town is located on the north bank of the mouth of the estuary of the River Teign, at the junction of the A379 coast road, the A381 road to Newton Abbot, and the B3192
B3192
which climbs up to the A380 on Haldon and hence on to the M5 12 miles away. Teignmouth
Teignmouth
is linked to Shaldon, the village on the opposite bank, by a passenger ferry at the river mouth and by a road bridge further upstream. The red sandstone headland on the Shaldon
Shaldon
side called "The Ness" is the most recognisable symbol of the town from the seaward side. In the harbour area was the Salty, a small flat island created through dredging operations but levelled, supposedly to improve natural scouring of the main channel for shipping, in recent years to leave a large tidal sand bank frequented by seabirds and cockle-collectors. Salmon nets are still employed by locals, especially near Shaldon Bridge. The estuary seems disproportionately large for the size of the river flowing through it, this being especially apparent at low tide, because it is a drowned valley caused by a relative rise in sea level following the last Ice Age. Climate[edit] Teignmouth
Teignmouth
is situated on the coast of Devon, a peninsula of South West England. It has a mild maritime climate. Prevailing winds across the south-west of England
England
are from the west. Teignmouth
Teignmouth
lies to the east of Dartmoor, in a lee / rainshadow, with mean temperatures 3 °C (5 °F) higher and less than 43% of the rainfall of Princetown, which is located on Dartmoor.[38] It receives 133 millimetres (5.2 in) less precipitate per year than nearby Plymouth, which is located on the south-west coast of Devon.[39] Owing to its proximity to the sea, Teignmouth
Teignmouth
has warmer winters with less frost and snow, as well as slightly cooler summers compared with inland areas of southern England. January is usually the coldest month in Britain; however, sea temperatures usually reach their minimum temperature in late February, which affects Teignmouth's climate, making February its coldest month. The first frost in Teignmouth usually occurs in late November or early December, whereas midland areas of England
England
sometimes have frosts as early as September.[38] Snow is rare during the start of the winter season in December. Late autumn and early winter is the wettest time of the year, because sea temperatures are still relatively high and deep Atlantic depressions bring moist air across the South West. On average, July is the driest month, but summer thunderstorms can occasionally deposit more than the month's mean rainfall in one day. Teignmouth
Teignmouth
has average daily sunshine totals of over 7 hours in summer and around 2 hours in winter. Sunshine totals reflect the hours of daylight and the fluctuations of the Azores high, which is most powerful in summer.[38] The climate patterns also implicate a less pronounced cooler mediterranean climate (csa/ csb) influence which is due to the decrease in precipitation centred over the summer period and surplus rainfall during the winter.

Climate data for Teignmouth, England
England
(1981 - 2010) data

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 9.4 (48.9) 9.1 (48.4) 10.9 (51.6) 12.8 (55) 15.7 (60.3) 18.7 (65.7) 20.8 (69.4) 20.7 (69.3) 18.6 (65.5) 15.2 (59.4) 12.1 (53.8) 9.8 (49.6) 14.5 (58.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 6.7 (44.1) 6.4 (43.5) 7.9 (46.2) 9.5 (49.1) 12.4 (54.3) 15.2 (59.4) 17.3 (63.1) 17.2 (63) 15.2 (59.4) 12.3 (54.1) 9.2 (48.6) 7.1 (44.8) 11.35 (52.43)

Average low °C (°F) 4.0 (39.2) 3.7 (38.7) 4.9 (40.8) 6.1 (43) 9.0 (48.2) 11.6 (52.9) 13.7 (56.7) 13.7 (56.7) 11.7 (53.1) 9.3 (48.7) 6.4 (43.5) 4.4 (39.9) 8.2 (46.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 95.2 (3.748) 71.8 (2.827) 69.4 (2.732) 58.4 (2.299) 58.8 (2.315) 50.5 (1.988) 45.5 (1.791) 54.1 (2.13) 57.5 (2.264) 94.3 (3.713) 89.1 (3.508) 102.9 (4.051) 847.5 (33.366)

Average rainy days 12.9 10.4 10.6 9.9 9.2 7.7 7.2 8.1 8.7 12.4 12.3 12.7 122.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 64.7 83.5 122.6 186.3 217.5 222.4 225 209.6 160.6 110.6 84 60.4 1,747.1

Source: [40]

Buildings[edit]

The esplanade with Den Crescent and the Assembly Rooms behind, circa 1860.

Den Crescent and its central Assembly Rooms, laid out in 1826 by Andrew Patey of Exeter, still survive relatively unchanged today.[13] The Assembly Rooms were the hub of the town's social life in the 19th century and lavish balls took place in the 70 ft (21 m) long ballroom. In 1871, the building was taken over by the East Devon
Devon
and Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Club which had an exclusive membership taken from the gentry and professional middle class.[15] Over the years, the building was used as a theatre, a dance hall, a conference centre and a billiards hall.[41] In 1934 it was converted into the Riviera Cinema, in which guise it continued until 2000; part of the building has now been converted into flats.[42] In 2016 the lease for the historic auditorium was taken over by the Mars Hill Church with the intention of restoring it as both a cinema and a music and arts facility.[41] The town's parish church, dedicated to St. James is unusual, being octagonal in shape.[notes 2] A story from Cornwall
Cornwall
suggests why these churches are rounded, for the villagers of Veryan
Veryan
built several circular houses so that the Devil had no corners in which to lie in wait for unsuspecting occupants and these buildings were therefore 'Devil-proof.'[43] The church of St Michael the Archangel is in the east of the town. St. Scholastica's Abbey, on the road to Dawlish, built in 1864 by Henry Woodyer
Henry Woodyer
is a notable Gothic Revival
Gothic Revival
building, and the Roman Catholic Church, on the same road, is a late work by Joseph Hansom, the inventor of the hansom cab.[3] In 1894, there were 26 public houses in Teignmouth.[44] Pubs today include the Blue Anchor Inn on Teign Street and the Devon
Devon
Arms on Northumberland Place. The River Beach is home to a varied selection of seasonal and permanent beach huts, one of which (now removed to the town's museum) was a Georgian bathing machine, minus wheels. These huts have enjoyed the boom in popularity of such properties in recent years and now change hands for figures approaching £100,000.[citation needed] Teignmouth
Teignmouth
and Shaldon
Shaldon
museum was completed in 2011. It comprises an architecturally iconic extension of the existing 18th century museum building, with new roof terrace looking over the town, glass tower and community facility. Some of the exhibits include a restored bathing machine; artefacts from the Church Rock wreck, such as cannons; exhibits from the nearby Haldon
Haldon
aerodrome, plus film footage including the Beatles' visit to the town and the 2009 homecoming concerts by Muse. The new build cost almost £1.1m and was enabled by a major community fund-raising effort, in combination with Lottery and UK government funding and other sources such as local grant funders and Devon
Devon
County Council.[45] The town's newest public building is the Pavilions Teignmouth, a community arts and enterprise centre on the Den,[46] opened in April 2016.[47] 21st century[edit] On 27 July 2005 Teignmouth
Teignmouth
received status as Devon's first Fairtrade Town.[48] Also in 2005, the volunteer Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Regeneration Project in association with the town, district and county councils published a strategic plan that identified issues to be dealt with by 2015.[49] Among the issues listed are to develop quality tourism, alleviate the danger of flooding to the town and provide affordable housing.

Teignmouth
Teignmouth
from The Ness

In May 2010 Teignbridge
Teignbridge
District Council put forward for consultation "A Vision for Teignmouth".[50] This was a plan consisting of 21 regeneration projects for the town. A skatepark was opened on the seafront in July 2010 and flood defences at the Fish Quay were completed in October 2012. Tourism[edit] Although reduced from its heyday, Teignmouth
Teignmouth
still receives considerable numbers of holiday makers, in particular day-trippers. It is twinned with the French town Perros-Guirec.[51] Apart from its sea beach and Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Pier with amusement arcade and rides, the beach wraps around the spit at the head of the river Teign providing a river beach, commonly known as the Back Beach (dogs are allowed all year on this part of the beach), on the estuary side which overlooks the harbour with its moorings for many pleasure craft, and has views up the estuary to Dartmoor. An 18-mile (29 km) long waymarked route known as the Templer Way has been created between Haytor
Haytor
on Dartmoor
Dartmoor
and Shaldon. It closely follows the route of George Templer's granite tramway, his father James's Stover Canal
Stover Canal
and finally the estuary to Teignmouth.[19] Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Carnival is held during the last week of July with the procession on the last Thursday, and since 1999 the town has hosted a summer folk festival.[52] In 2005 Fergus O'Byrne
Fergus O'Byrne
and Jim Payne from Newfoundland were the 'headline' artists at that year's festival which celebrated the town's links with that region.[52] In 2014, Teignmouth
Teignmouth
and Dawlish
Dawlish
Community Interest Group commissioned a website [53] to promote the town to tourists visiting. Schools[edit] Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Community School (formerly Teignmouth
Teignmouth
High School, then Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Community College), a local secondary school including a sixth form, was formed as a merger in 1979 of Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Grammar School and Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Secondary Modern School. More recently this has merged further with Inverteign Community Nursery and Primary School to create Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Community School (TCS). Other secondary schools include Trinity School (independent, with a preparatory department and boarding facilities, formerly known as Buckeridge School). Primary schools include Hazeldown and Inverteign which are non-denominational, and the Catholic school of Our Lady and St Patrick. Sport[edit] The town is the home of Teignmouth
Teignmouth
A.F.C. whose first team currently play in the South West Peninsula
Peninsula
League and reserves play in the South Devon
Devon
League division two. The town is also the home of Teignmouth R.F.C. with the 1st XV playing in the South West 1 league. The Den Bowling Club situated on the sea front is the home of the Teignmouth Open Bowls Tournament. Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Shotokan Karate Club was established in 1984 and trains twice weekly at Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Community College. The seafront benefits from Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Lido, a public open-air heated swimming pool. This is one of four outdoor pools operated by Teignbridge
Teignbridge
District Council. The others are at Buckfastleigh, Ashburton and Buckland. Notable people associated with the town[edit]

East Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in the mid 19th century.

Fanny Burney, the diarist and novelist, visited Teignmouth
Teignmouth
several times in the late 18th century. She took her first dip in the sea here in 1773, as she recorded in her journal.[54] Elias Parish Alvars, the harpist, was born in East Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in 1808, and three years later Thomas Abel Brimage Spratt, vice-admiral, hydrographer and geologist, was born at Woodway House. In spring 1818 the poet John Keats
John Keats
spent several weeks in Teignmouth and completed his epic poem Endymion here.[55] His arrival coincided with a period of wet weather and he wrote to a friend of "the abominable Devonshire Weather ... the truth is, it is a splashy, rainy, misty, snowy, foggy, haily, floody, muddy, slipshod county."[55] George O. May (born 1875), who made significant contributions to the field of accounting, and rose to senior partner of Price Waterhouse's American firm in the early 20th century, was born and raised in Teignmouth. [56] From 1812 until his death in 1833, Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth had his home at Bitton House, which was then called West Cliff House. Meanwhile, Thomas Luny, the painter of seascapes, lived in the town for thirty years until his death in 1837 and executed over 2,200 paintings while living here. Shortly afterwards George Hennet, the railway engineer and contractor who was closely involved with Brunel's railway, moved to the town and took a close interest in local affairs. He died here in 1857. Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage
(1791–1871), the mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer, who originated the idea of a programmable computer, also lived here for some years. Sir John Smyth, (1893–1983) was a recipient of the Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
and was made 1st Baronet of Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in 1956. The Belgium footballer Charles Vanden Wouwer was born in Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in 1916, while his parents were staying there as World War I
World War I
refugees. The businessman and musician Danny Thompson
Danny Thompson
was born in the town in 1939, and the writer and environmentalist John Bainbridge (born 1953) spent his teens and early adulthood here and was educated at West Lawn School.[citation needed] The Norman Wisdom
Norman Wisdom
film, Press for Time, in which Norman becomes a reporter at the seaside town of "Tinmouth", was shot largely on location in Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in 1966. [57] A bus and bicycle chase shows many scenes of the town centre and sea front as it was at the time.[58] In 1967, The Beatles
The Beatles
stayed one night at The Royal Hotel on the seafront at the start of their filming of the Magical Mystery Tour.[59] The next year, on 31 October 1968, Donald Crowhurst, competing in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, started his ill-fated attempt to sail round the world single-handed from the town. His boat was a trimaran named the Teignmouth Electron
Teignmouth Electron
after the town and his electronics company. The town featured in the film of this tragic event The Mercy released in 2018, starring Colin Firth
Colin Firth
and Rachel Weisz. The three members of rock band Muse (Matt Bellamy, Chris Wolstenholme and Dominic Howard) attended Teignmouth Community College in the early 1990s. They started the band in the town and based their song Falling Down on their teenage years living there. The band performed two homecoming concerts entitled A Seaside Rendezvous
A Seaside Rendezvous
there in September 2009. Singer-songwriter Patrick Wolf
Patrick Wolf
wrote a song called "Teignmouth" for his 2005 album Wind in the Wires, which focuses primarily on the view of the town and the River Teign
River Teign
when taking a train along the coastline. England
England
rugby union and Exeter
Exeter
Chiefs player Sam Simmonds lives in Teignmouth, as does his brother and fellow Exeter
Exeter
Chiefs first team player Joe Simmonds. Sam helped the Chiefs win the Aviva Premiership in 2017. He has currently scored two tries for England
England
and has one Man of the Match award.[60] The triple jump world record holder Jonathan Edwards lived in Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in his early years. He went to school at the Inverteign Juniors site (now Mill Lane). His world record has stood since 1995.[61] In Literature[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: 'A Legend of Teignmouth', a poem by L. E. L.

Letitia Elizabeth Landon's poem A Legend of Teignmouth
Teignmouth
(1833) accompanies an engraving of a view of Teignmouth
Teignmouth
from the Ness. Notes[edit]

^ Though not of Britain, as the French invaded Carreg Gwastad, near Fishguard, Pembrokeshire in 1797. ^ Another example of this rare church design is now called Dreghorn and Springside Parish Church (formerly Dreghorn and Perceton) in North Ayrshire, Scotland.

References[edit]

^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2011 : Parish Headcounts : Teignbridge
Teignbridge
Retrieved 3 January 2015 ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1981). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 462. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.  ^ a b c Hoskins, W. G. (1954). A New Survey of England: Devon. London: Collins. p. 492.  (Text available online at the Devon Libraries Local Studies Service.) ^ Griffiths 1989, p.24 ^ Trump 1986, p.1 ^ Worth, R. N. (1895). A History of Devonshire. London: Elliot Stock. p. 312.  ^ Trump 1986, pp.2–3 ^ Trump 1986, p.3 ^ a b Trump 1986, pp.5–6 ^ Trump 1986, p.18 ^ Trump 1986, p.19 ^ Gray 2003, p.96 ^ a b Cherry, Bridget & Pevsner, Nikolaus (1989). The Buildings of England
England
— Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp. 794–801. ISBN 0-14-071050-7. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Hewett, Sarah (1900). Nummits and Crummits. Devonshire Customs, Characteristics and Folk-lore. Thomas Burleigh. pp. 177–179.  ^ a b Pearson, Ann (1986). Teignmouth
Teignmouth
in old picture postcards. Zaltbommel, Netherlands: European Library. ISBN 90-288-3367-6.  ^ Trump 1986, p.108 ^ "Royal Visit to Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Hospital, Friday 25th June 2004" (PDF). Teignbridge
Teignbridge
NHS Primary Care Trust. Retrieved 2009-06-06.  ^ " Devon
Devon
Airfields Index". devonairfields.tripod.com. Retrieved 2011-01-01.  ^ a b "Templer Way leaflet" (PDF). Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 2008-01-14.  ^ Ewans, M. C. (1964). The Haytor
Haytor
Granite Tramway & Stover Canal. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 43.  ^ Trump 1986, pp.46–48 ^ Trump 1986, p.27 ^ Griffiths 1989, p.129 ^ Leach, Nicholas (2009). Devon's Lifeboat Heritage. Chacewater: Twelveheads Press. pp. 10–12. ISBN 0-906294-72-X.  ^ " Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge (1827)". Structurae. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  ^ a b Brine, Richard J. " Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge". Devon
Devon
Heritage. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  ^ Carrington 1830, pp.36–37 ^ a b Griffiths 1989, p.91 ^ Gray 2003, p.126 ^ a b Hawkins 1988, p.78 ^ Hawkins 1988, p.95 ^ "Singing Bridge on Wrong Note". www.thisisexeter.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  ^ " Shaldon
Shaldon
Bridge WILL open for first time in a decade this year". Retrieved 2016-04-09.  ^ Mitchell and Smith 2000, caption 77 ^ Gray 2003, p.128 ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 10 Nov 2010 (pt 0002) Column 138WH". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2010-11-27.  ^ Mitchell and Smith 2000, "Diversions" p.4 (unnumbered) ^ a b c "The Climate of Teignmouth". Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Weather Station. 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-03-21.  ^ "Climatological Normals of Plymouth
Plymouth
- 1961-1990". Climatological Information for United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland. The Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2008-06-09.  ^ "Climate averages 1971–2000". Met Office. 19 November 2008. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.  ^ a b "Bid to bring iconic Riviera Cinema in Teignmouth
Teignmouth
back to its former glory". Herald Express. Torquay. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.  ^ "Cinema Treasures—Riviera Cinema". cinematreasures.org. Retrieved 2008-01-20.  ^ The AA Book of British Villages. Drive Publications. 1980. p.394. ^ Gray 2003, p.41 ^ "About Us". Teign Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2011-09-08.  ^ "Pavilions Teignmouth". Teignbridge
Teignbridge
District Council. Retrieved 24 July 2015.  ^ Daniel Clark (4 April 2016). "£5million Pavilions Teignmouth officially opened". Torquay
Torquay
Herald Express. Retrieved 10 June 2016.  ^ "Fairtrade Devon". fairtradedevon.org.uk. Retrieved 10 October 2015.  ^ "tomorrow's teignmouth" (PDF). MCTA - Market and Coastal Towns Association. 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-19.  ^ " Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Vision Document". www.teignbridge.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-06-03.  ^ "Welcome to Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Twinning Online". teigntwin.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-01-19.  ^ a b "10th Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Midsummer Folk Festival". Teignmouth
Teignmouth
News. 2008-06-11. p. 12.  ^ "Official home of love Teignmouth". Love Teignmouth. Retrieved 10 October 2015.  ^ "Teignmouth& Shaldon
Shaldon
Museum". www.teignmuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 2008-01-15.  ^ a b Mackenzie, Clayton G (2006). "Ideas of landscape in John Keats' Teignmouth
Teignmouth
poems". The Free Library. Retrieved 2007-11-24.  ^ Allen, David Grayson; McDermott, Kathleen. "Chapter 2: The Americanization of the Practice". Accounting For Success: A History of Price Waterhouse in America. Harvard Business School Press. p. 47. ISBN 0-87584-319-0.  ^ "Press for Time". IMDb. Retrieved 2007-12-30.  ^ "Press for Time". YouTube. Retrieved 2007-12-30.  ^ "Start of the Magical Mystery Tour". musicpilgrimages.com. Retrieved 2009-01-30.  ^ Alan Pearey (5 February 2018). "The fairytale continues for Sam Simmonds". Rugby World.  ^ Jonathan Sale (6 May 2009). "Passed/Failed: An education in the life of the broadcaster and Britain's most successful medal-winning athlete Jonathan Edwards". Independent. 

Sources[edit]

Carrington, N. T.; et al. (1830). The Teignmouth, Dawlish, and Torquay Guide: with an account of the surrounding neighbourhood, etc. Teignmouth: E. Croydon.  Gray, Todd (2003). Lost Devon: Creation, Change and Destruction over 500 Years. Exeter, Devon: The Mint Press. ISBN 1-903356-32-6.  Griffiths, Grace (1989). History of Teignmouth
Teignmouth
(3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Ex Libris Press. ISBN 0-948578-17-3.  Hawkins, Michael (1988). Devon
Devon
Roads: An illustrated survey of the development and management of Devon's highway network. Exeter: Devon Books. ISBN 0-86114-817-7.  Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (2000). "Western Main Lines: Exeter
Exeter
to Newton Abbot
Newton Abbot
via Dawlish". Midhurst: Middleton Press. ISBN 1-901706-49-4.  Trump, H. J. (1986). Teignmouth. A Maritime History (2nd ed.). Chichester, Sussex: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-559-0. 

Further reading[edit]

Adshead S D (1945) Report to the urban district council on improvement and development after the war. Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Urban District Council. Andrews, G. J & Kearns R. A. (2005) Everyday health histories and the making of place: the case of an English coastal town. Social Science and Medicine 60, 2697–2713 Andrews G J, Kearns R A, Kontos P, Wilson V (2006) "Their finest hour": older people, oral histories and the historical geography of social life. Social and Cultural Geography 7, 2, 153-177 Spratt, Thomas (1856). An Investigation of the Movements of Teignmouth Bar. Pub. London. Through the Window. Number 1 - Paddington to Penzance (1924). Great Western Railway. Paddington station. Price 1s. Wilson V (2000) Teignmouth
Teignmouth
at War: 1939-1945, Wilson Teignmouth. Wilson V (2002) Teignmouth: Frith's photographic town memories. Frith Book Company, Teffont.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Teignmouth.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Teignmouth.

Official website Teignmouth
Teignmouth
Town
Town
Council "Web portal of Teignmouth
Teignmouth
and Dawlish". loveteignmouth.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2018-01-30. Retrieved 2018-01-30.  Katie (2014-08-18). "7 reasons to fall in love with Devon". wayn.com. WAYN. Archived from the original on 2018-01-30. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 

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