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Taipei Main Station () is a railway and metro station in Taipei, Taiwan. It is served by Taiwan High Speed Rail, the Taiwan Railways Administration, and the Taipei Metro. It is also connected through underground passageways to the terminal station of Taoyuan Airport MRT and the Taipei Bus Station. In 2017, it was the busiest station on all three rail systems, with a total of 190 million entries and exits.

Station overview

The central building of Taipei Main Station is a rectangular building in Zhongzheng District with six stories above ground and four stories below ground. The building is long and wide. The first floor has a large ticketing hall with a skylight and three ground-level exits in each cardinal direction, the second is occupied by restaurants managed by the Breeze group, and all floors above are office spaces. At the B1 level, there are turnstiles for the TRA and THSR platforms, along with a myriad of underground passageways for Taipei Bus Station, the Taoyuan Metro station, and Beimen metro station. Zhongshan Metro Mall, Taipei City Mall, Station Front Metro Mall, and Qsquare all connect on this level as well. TRA and THSR each have two island platforms at the B2 level. As for Taipei Metro, the Bannan line's platforms are located at the south of the station building; the entrances are at the B2 level, and the platforms are at B3. The Tamsui-Xinyi line's entrance is directly under the station building at B3, and the platforms are at B4.

Platform layout



TRA and THSR



Taipei Metro (MRT)



Station layout

File:View in Taipei Station 03.jpg|The lobby of Taipei station, August 2018 File:Taipei Main Station 1F Floor Plan 20190811.jpg|The floor plan of the first floor of Taipei station, August 2019 File:Platform 3A, TRA Taipei Station 20181026.jpg|TRA platform 3A, October 2018 File:TRA PP at Platform 3B, Taipei Station 20190507.jpg|TRA platform 3B, May 2019 File:TRA EMU805 at Platform 4B, Taipei Station 20150818.jpg|TRA platform 4B, August 2015 File:TRA EMU900 test run at Taipei Station 20201127.jpg|A TRA EMU900 series train undergoing a test run at Taipei station, November 2020 File:Advance Ticket Counter, THSR Taipei Station 1F 20190814.jpg|THSR ticketing counters, August 2019 File:Platform 1, THSR Taipei Station 20180218.jpg|THSR platforms, February 2018 File:20200418 174445 台北車站捷運入口處紅外線體溫監測站.jpg|Taipei Metro Tamsui-Xinyi Line concourse, April 2020 File:EasyCard Add-value Machine 1 & 2, MRT Taipei Main Station B3 20190511.jpg|EasyCard top-up machines at the Taipei Metro concourse File:Taipei Main Station Store, Taipei Metro Souvenir Shop 20200711.jpg|A Taipei Metro sourvenir shop at Taipei Main Station, 2020 File:Inauguration tablet of Taipei Main Station, Tamsui Line 20190908.jpg|An inauguration plaque of the Taipei Metro at Taipei Main Station File:Flood depth record of Typhoon Nari, MRT Taipei Main Station 20190811a.jpg|A memorial plaque with a demarcation of the record flood levels of Typhoon Nari on Taipei Main Station File:TW 台灣 Taiwan 台北 Taipei Metro 台北捷運 MRT Station tour night August 2019 SSG 14.jpg|Taipei Metro Tamsui-Xinyi Line platforms, August 2019 File:TW 台灣 Taiwan 中正區 Zhongzheng District 捷運台北車站 Taipei Main Metro MRT Station August 2019 SSG 02.jpg|Taipei Mero Bannan Line platforms, August 2019

Around the station




(K)K Underground Mall


* Exit M1/Y2: TRA/THSR(Entrance North 1) * Exit M2:Civic Blvd Expressway * Exit M3:Cosmos Hotel Taipei/ Talk Club Taiwan(美立達留學遊學中心) * Exit M4:TRA/THSR(Entrance South 1) * Exit M5:Station Front Plaza * Exit M6:Caesar Park Hotel Taipei, National Taiwan Museum * Exit M7:Zhongshan N. Rd. * Exit M8:Gongyuan Rd, YMCA Taipei


(M)Zhongshan Metro Mall


* Taipei Bus Station * Q Square * Museum of Contemporary Art, Taipei * Zhongshan StationR11G14), Shuanglian stationR12


(Y)Taipei City Mall


* Palais de Chine Hotel Taipei * Taipei Station Wholesale Market * (G13) * Taipei main station(A1), Taoyuan International Airport MRT


(Z)Station Front Metro Mall


* Taipei West Bus Station Terminal A * Shin Kong Mitsukoshi Department Store * Guanqian Rd, Land Bank, Taiwan Cooperative Bank * Chongqing S. Rd, First Bank * North Gate * Taipei Post Office of Chunghwa Post

History

thumb|The old Taipei station in 1948. The first rail station in Taipei was completed in Twatutia in 1891, during Qing rule, when the railway to Keelung was opened for service. Initially, a temporary station was built while a permanent station was constructed in 1897, during Japanese rule (1895-1945). In 1901, the station was located to the east of its current location. It was rebuilt in 1940 to accommodate growing passenger traffic. To alleviate traffic congestion caused by railroad crossings in downtown Taipei, an underground railway tunnel between Huashan and Wanhua was built along with the present station building as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project. When the underground system was completed on 2 September 1989, railway service was moved to the newly completed building (completed on 5 September 1989) and the old building as well as a temporary station were demolished. The current station was further expanded with the opening of the Taipei Metro. The metro station is connected to the basement of the railway station and opened to passenger traffic in 1997 to the Tamsui–Xinyi line. Extensive underground malls now exist at the front and back of the station, which emulate those found in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. The station also became a terminus for Taiwan High Speed Rail trains when the network began service in 2007.

Ongoing developments

Taipei station and the area surrounding it have been undergoing renovation since 2005. Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki was chosen to design two skyscrapers that will surround the railroad station. Maki will also oversee the renovation of Taipei station. The height of the taller tower will be 76 stories, whereas the shorter tower will be 56 stories. The two skyscrapers will be constructed on empty parcels found adjacent to Taipei station, above the Taoyuan Airport MRT station. The station interior underwent renovation work from February to October 2011. Basement restrooms were renovated, the basement and first floor preparations for additional Breeze Plaza retail space began, the large ticket office in the first floor lobby was removed, and additional retail space was allocated. In addition, the flooring on the first floor was completely replaced, fire and evacuation regulations were improved, and solar panels will be installed on the station roof.

See also

* Rail transport in Taiwan * List of railway stations in Taiwan

References



Notes



Bibliography

*

External links


THSR Taipei StationTRA Taipei StationTRTC Route Map & Timetables
* {{Bannan line navbox Category:Railway stations opened in 1891 Category:Railway stations served by Taiwan Railways Administration Category:Railway stations in Taipei Category:Tamsui–Xinyi line stations Category:Bannan line stations Category:Railway stations served by Taiwan High Speed Rail Category:1891 establishments in Taiwan