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Swansea
Swansea
(/ˈswɒnzi/; Welsh: Abertawe [abɛrˈtawɛ]), officially known as the City and County of Swansea
Swansea
(Welsh: Dinas a Sir Abertawe), is a coastal city and county in Wales.[2] Swansea
Swansea
lies within the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan
Glamorgan
and the ancient Welsh commote of Gŵyr on the southwest coast.[3] The county area includes Swansea Bay (Welsh: Bae Abertawe) and the Gower Peninsula. According to its local council, the City and County of Swansea
Swansea
had a population of 241,300 in 2014. The last official census stated that the city, metropolitan and urban areas combined concluded to be a total of 462,000 in 2011,[4] making it the second most populous local authority area in Wales
Wales
after Cardiff. Swansea
Swansea
is the second largest city in Wales
Wales
and the twenty-fifth largest city in the United Kingdom. During its 19th-century industrial heyday, Swansea
Swansea
was a key centre of the copper industry,[5] earning the nickname 'Copperopolis'.[6]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Industrial Revolution 1.2 20th century

2 Governance

2.1 Local government 2.2 National Assembly for Wales 2.3 United Kingdom

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demography 5 Culture

5.1 Performing arts 5.2 Festivals 5.3 Welsh language 5.4 Food 5.5 Listed buildings

6 Notable people 7 Sport 8 Religion 9 Plans 10 Economy 11 Education

11.1 Further and higher education 11.2 Schools

12 Local media

12.1 Representation in the media

13 Public services 14 Public order 15 Railways 16 Transport

16.1 Roads 16.2 Buses

16.2.1 Park and Ride

16.3 Coaches 16.4 Cycles 16.5 Rail

16.5.1 Mumbles
Mumbles
railway and tram

16.6 Air 16.7 Sea

17 Leisure and tourism

17.1 Activities 17.2 Nightlife

18 See also 19 Twinning 20 References 21 External links

History[edit] Main article: History
History
of Swansea See also: Lower Swansea
Swansea
valley

Swansea
Swansea
Castle

Temple street, Swansea, showing the bank, theatre and post office (1865)

Archaeological finds in the Swansea
Swansea
area come mostly from the Gower Peninsula, and include items from the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. The Romans occupied the area, as did the Norsemen. Abertawe, its Welsh name, meaning Mouth of the Tawe,[7] first appears as Aper Tyui c. 1150[8] Swansea
Swansea
is thought to have developed as a Viking
Viking
trading post. Its English name may derive from Sveinn's island – Old Norse: Sveinsey – the reference to an island may refer either to a bank at the mouth of the Tawe or to an area of raised ground in marshes.[9] An alternative explanation derives the place name from the Norse personal name Sweyn and ey, which can mean "inlet".[10] This explanation supports the tradition that the city was founded by King Sweyn Forkbeard[11][12] (reigned in Denmark from 986 to 1014). The name is pronounced Swans-y /ˈswɒnzi/), not Swan-sea.[13] The earliest known form of the modern name, Sweynesse, appears in the first charter, granted sometime between 1158 and 1184 by William de Newburgh, 3rd Earl of Warwick. The charter gave Swansea
Swansea
the status of a borough, granting the townsmen (called burgesses) certain rights to develop the area. In 1215 King John granted a second charter, in which the name appears as Sweyneshe. A town seal which is believed to date from this period names the town as Sweyse.[14][15] Following the Norman conquest, a marcher lordship was established[by whom?] under the title of Gower. It included land around Swansea
Swansea
Bay as far as the River Tawe, the manor of Kilvey beyond the Tawe, and the peninsula itself. Swansea
Swansea
was designated chief town of the lordship and received a borough charter at some point between 1158 and 1184 (and a more elaborate one in 1304).[16] Industrial Revolution[edit]

Docks and railway bridge (1850)

The port of Swansea
Swansea
initially traded in wine, hides, wool, cloth and later in coal.[16] At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
the combination of port, local coal, and trading links with the West Country, Cornwall
Cornwall
and Devon
Devon
made Swansea
Swansea
a logical place to site copper-smelting works. Smelters were operating by 1720 and proliferated. Following this, more coal mines (everywhere from north-east Gower to Clyne and Llangyfelach) opened and smelters (mostly along the Tawe valley) opened and flourished. Over the next century and a half works were established to process arsenic, zinc and tin and to produce tinplate and pottery. The city expanded rapidly in the 18th and 19th centuries, and was termed "Copperopolis".[16] The Swansea
Swansea
smelters became so adept at recovering gold and silver from complex ores that in the 1800s they received ore concentrates from the United States, for example from Arizona in the 1850s, and Colorado in the 1860s.[17] From the late 17th century to 1801, Swansea's population grew by 500%—the first official census (in 1841) indicated that, with 6,099 inhabitants, Swansea
Swansea
had become significantly larger than Glamorgan's county town, Cardiff, and was the second most populous town in Wales behind Merthyr Tydfil
Merthyr Tydfil
(which had a population of 7,705). However, the census understated Swansea's true size, as much of the built-up area lay outside the contemporary boundaries of the borough; the total population was actually 10,117. Swansea's population was later overtaken by Merthyr in 1821 and by Cardiff
Cardiff
in 1881, although in the latter year Swansea
Swansea
once again surpassed Merthyr.[16] Much of Swansea's growth was due to migration from within and beyond Wales—in 1881 more than a third of the borough's population had been born outside Swansea
Swansea
and Glamorgan, and just under a quarter outside Wales.[18] 20th century[edit] Through the 20th century, heavy industries in the town declined, leaving the Lower Swansea Valley filled with derelict works and mounds of waste products from them. The Lower Swansea Valley Scheme (which still continues) reclaimed much of the land. The present Enterprise Zone was the result and, of the many original docks, only those outside the city continue to work as docks; North Dock is now Parc Tawe and South Dock became the Marina.

High Street (1915)

In the Second World War
Second World War
its industrial importance made Swansea
Swansea
the target of German bombing, and much of the town centre was destroyed during the Swansea Blitz
Swansea Blitz
on the 19, 20 and 21 February 1941 (the 'Three Nights Blitz'[19]). In 1969 Swansea
Swansea
was granted city status[20] to mark Prince Charles's investiture as the Prince of Wales. The Prince made the announcement on 3 July 1969 during a tour of Wales.[21] Swansea
Swansea
obtained the further right to have a Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
in 1982.[22] Within the city centre are the ruins of the castle, the Marina, the Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea
Swansea
Museum, the Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Centre, the Environment Centre, and the Market, which is the largest covered market in Wales.[23] It backs onto the Quadrant Shopping Centre, which opened in 1978, and the adjoining St David's Centre opened in 1982. Other notable modern buildings include the BT Tower (formerly the GPO tower) built around 1970, Alexandra House opened in 1976, County Hall opened in July 1982. Swansea Leisure Centre
Swansea Leisure Centre
opened in 1977; it has undergone extensive refurbishment which retained elements of the original structure and re-opened in March 2008. Governance[edit]

The Guildhall

The "City and County of Swansea" local authority area is bordered by unitary authorities of Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
to the north, and Neath
Neath
Port Talbot to the east. The Urban Subdivision of Swansea
Swansea
covers all urbanised areas within the city boundary, with a population of 179,485, it is considerably smaller than the unitary authority. The local government area is 378 square kilometres (146 sq mi) in size, about 2% of the area of Wales. It includes a large amount of open countryside and a central urban and suburban belt.[24] Local government[edit] Main article: City and County of Swansea
Swansea
council In 1887, Swansea
Swansea
was a township at the mouth of the river Tawe, covering 4,562 acres (1,846 ha) in the county of Glamorgan.[25] There were three major extensions to the boundaries of the borough, first in 1835, when Morriston, St Thomas, Landore, St John-juxta-Swansea, and part of Llansamlet
Llansamlet
parish were added, and again in 1889 when areas around Cwmbwrla
Cwmbwrla
and Trewyddfa were included, and in 1918 when the borough was enlarged to include the whole of the ancient parish of Swansea, the southern part of Llangyfelach
Llangyfelach
parish, all of Llansamlet
Llansamlet
parish, Oystermouth
Oystermouth
Urban District and Brynau parish.[26][27] In 1889, Swansea
Swansea
attained county borough status,[28] and it was granted city status in 1969, which was inherited by the Swansea district when it was formed by the merger of the borough and Gower Rural District in 1974.[29] In 1996, Swansea
Swansea
became one of 22 unitary authorities with the addition of part of the former Lliw Valley Borough. The new authority received the name 'City and County of Swansea' (Welsh: Dinas a Sir Abertawe).[30] Swansea
Swansea
was once a staunch stronghold of the Labour Party which, until 2004, had overall control of the council for 24 years.[31] The Liberal Democrats were the largest group in the administration that took control of Swansea
Swansea
Council in the 2004 local elections until the 2012 council elections saw the council return to Labour control. For 2009/2010, the Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
of Swansea
Swansea
was Councillor Alan Lloyd, and in 2010/2011 Richard Lewis was the Lord Mayor. The Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
changes in May each year. National Assembly for Wales[edit] The Welsh Assembly
Welsh Assembly
constituencies are:

Gower, current AM is Rebecca Evans, Labour since 2016 Swansea
Swansea
East, current AM is Mike Hedges, Labour since 2011 Swansea
Swansea
West, current AM is Julie James, Labour since 2011

The city is also part of the South Wales
Wales
West regional constituency and is served by Suzy Davies AM (Conservative), Bethan Jenkins
Bethan Jenkins
AM (Plaid Cymru), Caroline Jones AM (UKIP) and Dai Lloyd AM (Plaid Cymru). United Kingdom[edit]

Lock bridge over the river Tawe

The UK parliamentary constituencies in Swansea
Swansea
are:

Gower, current MP is Tonia Antoniazzi, Labour since 2017 Swansea
Swansea
East, current MP is, Carolyn Harris, Labour since 2015 Swansea
Swansea
West, current MP is Geraint Davies, Labour since 2010

Geography[edit]

Satellite photo of Swansea

See also: List of places in Swansea

Three Cliffs Bay

Swansea
Swansea
can be roughly divided into four physical areas. To the north are the Lliw uplands which are mainly open moorland, reaching the foothills of the Black Mountain. To the west is the Gower Peninsula with its rural landscape dotted with small villages. To the east is the coastal strip around Swansea
Swansea
Bay. Cutting though the middle from the south-east to the north-west is the urban and suburban zone stretching from the Swansea city centre
Swansea city centre
to the towns of Gorseinon
Gorseinon
and Pontarddulais.[24] The most populated areas of Swansea
Swansea
are Morriston, Sketty
Sketty
and the city centre. The chief urbanised area radiates from the city centre towards the north, south and west; along the coast of Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
to Mumbles; up the Swansea Valley past Landore
Landore
and Morriston
Morriston
to Clydach; over Townhill to Cwmbwrla, Penlan, Treboeth
Treboeth
and Fforestfach; through Uplands, Sketty, Killay to Dunvant; and east of the river from St. Thomas to Bonymaen, Llansamlet
Llansamlet
and Birchgrove. A second urbanised area is focused on a triangle defined by Gowerton, Gorseinon
Gorseinon
and Loughor along with the satellite communities of Penllergaer and Pontarddulais.[24]

Mumbles
Mumbles
Pier

About three-quarters of Swansea
Swansea
is bordered by the sea—the Loughor Estuary, Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
and the Bristol
Bristol
Channel. The two largest rivers in the region are the Tawe which passes the city centre and the Loughor
Loughor
which flows on the northern border with Carmarthenshire.[24] In the local authority area, the geology is complex, providing diverse scenery. The Gower Peninsula
Gower Peninsula
was the first area in the United Kingdom to be designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
(AONB). Excluding the urbanised area in the south-eastern corner, the whole of the Gower Peninsula
Gower Peninsula
is part of an AONB.[32] Swansea
Swansea
has numerous urban and country parklands.[33] The region has featured regularly in the Wales
Wales
in Bloom awards.[34] The geology of the Gower Peninsula
Gower Peninsula
ranges from Carboniferous Limestone cliffs along its southern edge from Mumbles
Mumbles
to Worm's Head and the salt-marshes and dune systems of the Loughor
Loughor
estuary to the north. The eastern, southern and western coasts of the peninsula are lined with numerous sandy beaches both wide and small, separated by steep cliffs. The South Wales
Wales
Coalfield reaches the coast in the Swansea
Swansea
area. This had a great bearing on the development of the city of Swansea
Swansea
and other nearby towns such as Morriston. The inland area is covered by large swathes of grassland common overlooked by sandstone heath ridges including the prominent Cefn Bryn. The traditional agricultural landscape consists in a patchwork of fields characterised by walls, stone-faced banks and hedgerows. Valleys cut through the peninsula and contain rich deciduous woodland.[32] Much of the local authority's area is hilly with the main area of upland being located in the council ward of Mawr. Areas of high land up to 185 metres (607 ft) range across the central section and form the hills of Kilvey, Townhill and Llwynmawr, separating the centre of Swansea
Swansea
from its northern suburbs. Cefn Bryn, a ridge of high land, forms the backbone of the Gower Peninsula. Rhossili
Rhossili
Down, Hardings Down and Llanmadoc Hill form land features up to 193 metres (633 ft) high. The highest point is located at Penlle'r Castell at 374 metres (1,227 ft) on the northern border with Carmarthenshire.[24]

Swansea
Swansea
panoramic photo from the marina

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Swansea/ Mumbles
Mumbles
Head 1981–2010

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.0 (46.4) 7.8 (46) 9.5 (49.1) 11.9 (53.4) 15.0 (59) 17.7 (63.9) 19.6 (67.3) 19.7 (67.5) 17.8 (64) 14.4 (57.9) 11.1 (52) 8.7 (47.7) 13.5 (56.3)

Average low °C (°F) 4.0 (39.2) 3.6 (38.5) 4.8 (40.6) 6.3 (43.3) 9.2 (48.6) 11.8 (53.2) 13.9 (57) 14.0 (57.2) 12.4 (54.3) 9.9 (49.8) 6.9 (44.4) 4.7 (40.5) 8.5 (47.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 95.5 (3.76) 67.0 (2.638) 72.9 (2.87) 58.5 (2.303) 62.8 (2.472) 63.8 (2.512) 71.9 (2.831) 83.9 (3.303) 77.4 (3.047) 123.1 (4.846) 112.1 (4.413) 110.3 (4.343) 999.2 (39.339)

Source: [2]

Typical of the west of Britain, Swansea
Swansea
has a temperate oceanic climate. As part of a coastal region, it experiences a milder climate than the mountains and valleys inland. This same location, though, leaves Swansea
Swansea
exposed to rain-bearing winds from the Atlantic. Swansea, for a time period, was the wettest city from data provided by the Met Office,[35] but new 2017 data from the same weather company revealed that Cardiff
Cardiff
is the soggiest city in Britain with Swansea dropping to 11th.[36] In midsummer, Swansea's temperatures can reach into the high twenties Celsius.[37] Demography[edit] From 1804 until the 1920s, Swansea
Swansea
experienced continuous population growth. The 1930s and 1940s was a period of slight decline. In the 1950s and 1960s the population grew and then fell in the 1970s. The population grew again in the 1980s only to fall again in the 1990s. In the 21st century, Swansea
Swansea
is experiencing a small amount of population growth; the local authority area had an estimated population of 228,100 in 2007.[38] Around 82% of the population were born in Wales and 13% born in England;[39] 13.4% were Welsh speakers.[40] The population of the Swansea
Swansea
built-up area within the unitary authority boundaries in 2011 was about 179,485, and the council population was 238,700. The other built-up areas within the unitary authority are centred on Gorseinon
Gorseinon
and Pontarddulais. In 2011, the Gorseinon
Gorseinon
built-up area had a population of 20,581 and the Pontarddulais
Pontarddulais
built-up area had a population of 9,073.[41] The wider urban area, including most of Swansea
Swansea
Bay, has a total population of 300,352, making it the third largest urban area in Wales and the 27th largest urban area in the United Kingdom.[42] Over 218,000 individuals are white; 1,106 are of mixed race; 2,215 are Asian – mainly Bangladeshi (1,015); 300 are black; and 1,195 belong to other ethnic groups.[43] The Office for National Statistics 2010 mid-year population estimate for the City & County of Swansea is 232,500.[44] Culture[edit] See also: List of cultural venues in Swansea, List of people from Swansea, and List of public art in Swansea

Brangwyn Hall
Brangwyn Hall
main entrance

The Royal Institution of South Wales
Wales
was founded in 1835 as the Swansea
Swansea
Literary and Philosophical Society. Performing arts[edit] The Grand Theatre in the centre of the city is a Victorian theatre which celebrated its centenary in 1997 and which has a capacity of a little over a thousand people. It was opened by the celebrated opera singer Adelina Patti
Adelina Patti
and was refurbished from 1983 to 1987. The annual programme ranges from pantomime and drama to opera and ballet. Fluellen Theatre Company is a professional theatre company based in Swansea
Swansea
who perform at the Grand Theatre and the Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Centre. The Taliesin building on the university campus has a theatre, opened in 1984. Other theatres include the Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Theatre (formerly the Little Theatre) near the marina, and one in Penyrheol Leisure Centre near Gorseinon. In the summer, outdoor Shakespeare performances are a regular feature at Oystermouth
Oystermouth
Castle, and Singleton Park
Singleton Park
is the venue for a number of parties and concerts, from dance music to outdoor Proms. A folk festival is held on Gower.[45] Standing near Victoria Park on the coast road is the Patti Pavilion; this was the Winter Garden from Adelina Patti's Craig-y-Nos estate in the upper Swansea valley, which she donated to the town in 1918. It is used as a venue for music shows and fairs. The Brangwyn Hall
Brangwyn Hall
is a multi-use venue with events such as the graduation ceremonies for Swansea
Swansea
University. Every autumn, Swansea
Swansea
hosts a Festival of Music and the Arts, when international orchestras and soloists visit the Brangwyn Hall. The Brangwyn Hall
Brangwyn Hall
is praised for its acoustics for recitals, orchestral pieces and chamber music alike.[46] Swansea
Swansea
is home to the Palace Theatre. Located at 156 High Street, it is recognisable for its distinctive wedge shape. Originally built in 1888 as a traditional music hall, the building's original name was the 'Pavilion'. During its lifetime, the building has been used as a bingo hall as well as a nightclub. Festivals[edit] Swansea
Swansea
hosted the National Eisteddfod
National Eisteddfod
in 1863, 1891, 1907, 1926, 1964, 1982 and 2006. The 2006 event occupied the site of the former Felindre
Felindre
tinplate works to the north of the city and featured a strikingly pink main tent. In 2009 Swansea
Swansea
Council launched Wales's only week long St David's Week
St David's Week
festival in venues throughout the city. The Beginning and Do Not Go Gentle are Festivals in the Uplands area of the city where Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
was born and lived for 23 years.

Red fountain water during the celebration of St David's Day in Swansea

Wind Street

Welsh language[edit] There are many Welsh language
Welsh language
chapels and churches in the area. Welsh-medium education is a popular and growing choice for both English and Welsh-speaking parents. 45% of the rural council ward Mawr are able to speak Welsh, as can 38% of the ward of Pontarddulais. Clydach, Kingsbridge and Upper Loughor
Loughor
all have levels of more than 20%. By contrast, the urban St. Thomas has one of the lowest figures in Wales, at 6.4%, a figure only barely lower than Penderry
Penderry
and Townhill wards.[47] Food[edit] Local produce includes cockles and laverbread which are sourced from the Loughor
Loughor
estuary. Local Gower salt marsh lamb is produced from sheep which are raised in the salt marshes of the Loughor
Loughor
estuary.[48] Listed buildings[edit] The city has three Grade One listed buildings, these being Swansea Castle, the Tabernacle Chapel, Morriston
Morriston
and the Swansea Guildhall.[49] Swansea Castle
Swansea Castle
was once an impressive building occupying a strategic position above the River Tawe
River Tawe
but it is now hemmed in by other buildings. The ruins visible today date from the late 13th and early 14th centuries.[50] The Tabernacle Chapel at Morriston
Morriston
was built in 1872 by John Humphreys of Swansea. A unique feature is the use of semi-circular arches. The building has been described as the "Nonconformist Cathedral of Wales" and has been listed as Grade I on the basis that it is "the most ambitious grand chapel in Wales, its interior and fittings remain virtually unaltered".[51] The Guildhall is one of the main office buildings in the centre of the city and was designed by Percy Thomas
Percy Thomas
and opened in 1934. It is faced in white Portland stone
Portland stone
and includes a tall clock-tower which makes it a landmark. The building comprises the City Hall, the Brangwyn Hall
Brangwyn Hall
concert venue and the County Law Courts. It is considered "the most important building in Wales
Wales
of its period".[52] In addition to these there are a number of Grade II* listed buildings; Ebenezer Baptist Chapel and its Hall in Ebenezer Street; the Glynn Vivian Art Gallery; the Midland Bank building; the Mount Pleasant Baptist Church in Kingsway, along with its Hall and School blocks; the Offices of Associated British Ports in Pier Street; the Royal Institution of South Wales
Wales
building, now Swansea Museum
Swansea Museum
in Victoria Road; and the Old Guildhall in Somerset Place.[53] Notable people[edit]

Statue of Thomas in Swansea

See also Category:People from Swansea
Swansea
and List of people from Swansea

The poet Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
is perhaps the best-known. He was born in the town and grew up at 5 Cwmdonkin Drive, Uplands, where he lived for 23 years and produced two-thirds of his published work from his tiny bedroom which has been faithfully recreated as it may have been in 1934 and is open for house tours, events, Edwardian dinner parties and overnight stays. There is a memorial to him in the nearby Cwmdonkin Park; his take on Swansea
Swansea
was that it was an "ugly lovely town". In the 1930s Thomas was a member of a group of local artists, writers and musicians known as The Kardomah Gang, as they frequently met in the Kardomah Café which was in Castle Street, Swansea
Swansea
until bombed during the second World War.[54] Throughout the 19th century, the Vivian family did much to develop Swansea
Swansea
into a city. Their wealth and influence came from large copper mining, smelting and trading businesses in Swansea
Swansea
(Vivian & Sons), and is still visible today in their former family residences: Singleton Abbey
Singleton Abbey
(now used by Swansea
Swansea
University), Sketty
Sketty
Hall, Clyne Castle and Clyne Gardens. Henry Vivian became the first Lord Swansea in 1893. Swansea's most famous daughter is Hollywood actress Catherine Zeta-Jones who still owns a home in Mumbles. Swansea
Swansea
is also the home town of 2013 ITU Triathlon World Champion Non Stanford.[55] The thriller writer, Mark Ellis was educated in Swansea. People from Swansea
Swansea
are known locally as Swansea
Swansea
Jacks, or just Jacks. The source of this nickname is not clear. Some attribute it to Swansea Jack, the life-saving dog.[56][57] Sport[edit] Further information: Swansea
Swansea
City A.F.C., Swansea
Swansea
RFC, and Ospreys

The Liberty Stadium

Swansea City A.F.C.
Swansea City A.F.C.
(founded 1912) is the city's main football association team. Originally playing at the Vetch Field, they moved to the Liberty Stadium
Liberty Stadium
at the start of the 2005–2006 season, winning promotion to League One in their final year at their old stadium. The team presently play in the Premier League, after being promoted during the 2010/11 season. The Football Association of Wales
Wales
had decided that for the Euro 2012 qualifying campaign, Wales
Wales
would play all of their home ties at either the Cardiff
Cardiff
City Stadium or the Liberty Stadium. Swansea
Swansea
has three association football clubs that play in the Welsh Football League: Garden Village, South Gower and West End.

Swansea
Swansea
Rugby and Cricket Club

Swansea
Swansea
is also the home to Swansea
Swansea
Rugby Football Club ( Swansea
Swansea
RFC), a founder member of the Welsh Rugby Union
Welsh Rugby Union
and one of the most important teams in the early history of Welsh rugby union. Playing out of St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground
St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground
the club not only produced several of the greatest Welsh rugby superstars, including Billy Bancroft and Billy Trew, they also hosted national touring sides from Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. Known as the 'All Whites', Swansea
Swansea
kept a constant supply of players that filled the Welsh ranks in the early history of the game. In 1935 Swansea
Swansea
became the first club side to beat the All Blacks. In 2003, Swansea RFC
Swansea RFC
merged with Neath RFC
Neath RFC
to form the Ospreys. Swansea RFC
Swansea RFC
remained at St Helen's in semi-professional form, but the Ospreys moved into the Liberty Stadium
Liberty Stadium
in Landore
Landore
for the start of the 2005–2006 season. Neath- Swansea
Swansea
rugby games used to be hotly contested matches, such that there was some debate about whether a team incorporating both areas was possible. The team came fifth in the Celtic League in their first year of existence and topped that league in their second year. By 2012 they had won the league a record four times. St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground
St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground
is the home of Swansea RFC
Swansea RFC
and Glamorgan
Glamorgan
County Cricket Club have previously played matches there.[58] In this ground, Sir Garfield Sobers
Garfield Sobers
hit six sixes in one over; the first time this was achieved in a game of first-class cricket. The final ball landed on the ground past the Cricketers' pub just outside the ground.[59] It is also the home of the tallest floodlight stand in Europe.[60] Swansea's rugby league side plays 13 miles (21 km) from Swansea in the small town of Ystalyfera. They are known as the Swansea
Swansea
Valley Miners but were formed as the Swansea
Swansea
Bulls in 2002. The Swansea Bowls Stadium
Swansea Bowls Stadium
opened in early 2008. The stadium hosted the World Indoor Singles and Mixed Pairs Championship in April 2008 and the Gravelles Welsh International Open Bowls Championships in 2009. Religion[edit]

St. Mary's Church in St. Mary's Square

In 2001, 158,457 people in the local authority area (71 per cent) stated their religion to be Christian, 44,286 (20 per cent) no religion, 16,800 (7.5 per cent) did not state a religion and 2,167 were Muslim.[61] There are small communities of other religions, each making up a little under 1 per cent of the total population.[61] Swansea
Swansea
is part of the Anglican Diocese of Swansea and Brecon
Diocese of Swansea and Brecon
and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Menevia. The Catholic see is based in Swansea
Swansea
at St. Joseph's Cathedral in the Greenhill area.

Christ Church (Church in Wales)[62]

Swansea, like Wales
Wales
in general, has seen many Non-conformist
Non-conformist
religious revivals. In 1904, Evan Roberts, a miner from Loughor
Loughor
(Llwchwr), just outside Swansea, was the leader of what has been called one of the world's greatest Protestant religious revivals. Within a few months about 100,000 people were converted. This revival in particular had a profound effect on Welsh society. Swansea
Swansea
is covered by the Swansea and Gower Methodist Circuit. The Ebenezer Baptist Church dates from November 1875 when the foundation stone was laid for Tabernacle chapel in Skinner Street. The first pastor, the Rev. J. D. Jones, was called in February 1876 and the new building was opened in July that year. The church was served by a number of ministers until 1911 when the Rev. R. J. Willoughby came to the church.[63] The church has an organ by Harrison & Harrison.[64]

Swansea
Swansea
Norwegian Church

The Norwegian Church is a Grade II listed building in the docklands area of the city. The church building was originally located at Newport Docks. The building consists of a Seaman's Mission to the west end and a single gothic church to the east end. It was originally built as a place of worship for Norwegian sailors when they visited the UK. It was relocated to Swansea
Swansea
in 1910 at a site directly opposite the Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
supermarket on the River Tawe. The city is home to 10% of the total Welsh Muslim
Muslim
population;[65] Swansea's Muslim
Muslim
community is raising money to open a new central mosque and community centre in the former St. Andrew's United Reformed Church. This would replace the existing central Mosque on St Helens Road and be in addition to the other three existing mosques (Swansea University Mosque, Hafod Mosque, Imam Khoei Mosque).[66] Swansea
Swansea
is represented in Buddhism
Buddhism
with the Dharmavajra Kadampa Buddhist Centre, Pulpung Changchub Dargyeling (Kagyu Tradition) and a branch of the international Dzogchen Community (Nyingma Tradition). Swansea
Swansea
Synagogue
Synagogue
and Jehovah's Witness
Jehovah's Witness
Kingdom Hall are both located in the Uplands area. Plans[edit] Swansea City Centre
Swansea City Centre
is undergoing a £1 billion transformation scheme.[67] A large area of the city is earmarked for redevelopment. A new city-centre retail precinct is planned involving demolition of the dilapidated St. David's Shopping Centre which has three or four traders, about 13% of the retail space in the centre and the Quadrant Shopping Centre. Including relocation of the Tesco
Tesco
Superstore near to the city's Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
store in Parc Tawe, the new retail precinct will be almost four times the size of the Quadrant Centre. The city centre is also being brightened up with street art and new walkways, along with the first phase of the David Evans – Castle Street development. New green spaces will be provided in conjunction with the proposed Quadrant Square and Grand Theatre Square. Redevelopment of the Oxford
Oxford
Street car park and Lower Oxford
Oxford
Street arcades are also planned.[68] At the sea front, The Tower, Meridian Quay
The Tower, Meridian Quay
is now Wales's tallest building at a height of 107 metres (351 ft) with a restaurant on the top (29th) floor. It was under construction adjacent Swansea Marina until 2010.[69] Economy[edit]

The Technium centre, one of the first of the new buildings built as part of the SA1 development scheme at Swansea
Swansea
Docks

Main article: Economy of Swansea

Part of the Swansea
Swansea
Waterfront developments.

Swansea
Swansea
originally developed as centre for metals and mining, especially the copper industry, from the beginning of the 18th century. The industry reached its apogee in the 1880s, when 60% of the copper ores imported to Britain were smelted in the Lower Swansea valley.[70] However, by the end of the Second World War
Second World War
these heavy industries were in decline, and over the post-war decades Swansea shared in the general trend towards a post-industrial, service sector economy.[citation needed] Of the 105,900 people estimated to work within the City and County of Swansea, over 90% are employed in the service sectors, with relatively high shares (compared to the Welsh and UK averages) in public administration, education & health and banking, finance & insurance,[71] and correspondingly high proportions of employment in occupations associated with the service sector, including professional, administrative/secretarial and sales/customer service occupations. The local authority believes this pattern reflects Swansea's role as a service centre for South West Wales.[71] Economic activity and employment rates in Swansea
Swansea
were slightly above the Welsh average in October 2008, but lower than the UK average.[71] In 2005, GVA per head in Swansea
Swansea
was £14,302 – nearly 4% above the Welsh average but 20% below the UK average.[71] Median full-time earnings in Swansea
Swansea
were £21,577 in 2007, almost identical to the Welsh average.[71] Swansea
Swansea
is home to the DVLA
DVLA
headquarters in Morriston, which employs around 6,000 people in the city. Other major employers in the city are Admiral Group, HSBC, Virgin Media, Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, BT and Amazon.co.uk. Virgin Atlantic
Virgin Atlantic
also maintains its largest worldwide contact centre in Swansea; including reservations, sales, baggage claims, and customer relations. Education[edit]

The observatory

A romanticised depiction of early copper smelting works in the Lower Swansea Valley (1800)

Further and higher education[edit] Swansea University
Swansea University
has a campus in Singleton Park
Singleton Park
overlooking Swansea Bay. Its engineering department is recognised as a centre of excellence with pioneering work on computational techniques for solving engineering design problems.[72] The Department of Physics is renowned for its research achievements at the frontiers of Theoretical Physics, particularly in the areas of Elementary Particle Physics and String Theory. And many other departments such as History, Computer Science and German were awarded an "Excellent" in the last inspection. The university was awarded The Times Higher Education Supplement Award for the UK's "best student experience" in 2005.[73] In 2017, Swansea University Medical School was ranked as the third best medical school in the United Kingdom, behind Oxford
Oxford
and Cambridge
Cambridge
universities.[74] Other establishments for further and higher education in the city include University of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David and Gower College Swansea. Trinity Saint David was formed on 18 November 2010 through the merger of University of Wales
Wales
Lampeter
Lampeter
and Trinity University college Carmarthen
Carmarthen
under Lampeters royal charter of 1828. On 1 August 2013, Swansea Metropolitan University
Swansea Metropolitan University
became part of University of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David (UWTSD). Swansea Metropolitan University
Swansea Metropolitan University
is particularly well known for its Architectural Glass department, as well as its Teaching and Transport & Logistics degrees.[citation needed] In 2015 Swansea University
Swansea University
opened a new Bay Campus situated in the Jersey Marine area of Swansea. Schools[edit] See also: List of schools in Swansea In the local authority area, there is one nursery school; six infant schools and five junior schools. There are 77 primary schools, nine of which are Welsh-Medium, and six of which are voluntary aided. There are 15 comprehensive schools under the remit of the local education authority, of which two are Welsh-medium. In addition, there are six special schools.[75] The oldest school in Swansea
Swansea
is Bishop Gore School. The largest comprehensive school in Swansea
Swansea
is Olchfa School. There is one Roman Catholic comprehensive school in the city – Bishop Vaughan Catholic Comprehensive School. The Welsh medium schools are Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Gŵyr and Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Bryn Tawe. Other schools in Swansea
Swansea
include Birchgrove Comprehensive School, Cefn Hengoed Community School, Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
School, Pentrehafod Comprehensive School, Morriston
Morriston
Comprehensive School and Gowerton
Gowerton
School. Some primary schools in Swansea
Swansea
are:

Cwm Glas Primary School Danygraig Primary School Pennard
Pennard
Primary School Pentre'r Graig Primary School Sketty
Sketty
Primary School St. Thomas Primary School Waun Wen Primary School Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Gellionnen Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Tirdeinaw

There are also a few Roman Catholic primary schools, one of them being St. Joseph's Primary School. Independent schools in Swansea
Swansea
include Ffynone House School
Ffynone House School
and Oakleigh House School. Local media[edit] The local newspaper is the Swansea
Swansea
edition of the South Wales
Wales
Evening Post. The Swansea
Swansea
Herald of Wales
Wales
was a free newspaper which was distributed every week to residential addresses until 2011 when the paper ceased to be in print.[76] The Cardiff
Cardiff
edition of the free daily paper Metro is distributed throughout the city. The Council also produces a free monthly newspaper called the Swansea
Swansea
Leader. Swansea Life is a monthly lifestyle magazine published and distributed in Swansea. Swansea
Swansea
is served by three local radio stations – the Contemporary Hit Radio-formatted 96.4 The Wave
96.4 The Wave
on FM and DAB, its sister station Swansea Sound
Swansea Sound
on 1170MW and DAB and lastly, the Contemporary Hit Radio-orientated Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
Radio on 102.1FM and DAB. The city also has a community radio station Radio Tircoed. It is also served by two regional radio stations Heart South Wales
Wales
on its Swansea
Swansea
area frequency 106.0FM and Nation Radio
Nation Radio
on its Swansea
Swansea
area frequency 107.3FM and DAB. The patients and staff at Singleton Hospital
Singleton Hospital
can listen to the hospital radio station, Radio City 1386AM
Radio City 1386AM
and Swansea University
Swansea University
also runs its own radio station, Xtreme Radio, on 1431 AM. Providing the DAB service, the local multiplex called Swansea
Swansea
SW Wales
Wales
is broadcast from Kilvey Hill. This transmitter also provides digital terrestrial television in the Swansea
Swansea
area. As well as Kilvey Hill
Kilvey Hill
the city is in the catchment areas of the Wenvoe transmitter (in the Vale of Glamorgan) and the Carmel transmitter in Carmarthenshire. Since 1924, the BBC
BBC
has maintained a studio in the city;[16] Dylan Thomas worked here in the interwar years, when the studio was used for the BBC
BBC
Regional Programme.[77] Currently it has facilities to broadcast live radio and television and is listed as a BBC
BBC
regional studio.[78] In mid-2008, the BBC
BBC
included Swansea
Swansea
in its "Big Screen" project, and a large live permanent television screen has been sited in Castle Square.[79] Independent filmmakers Undercurrents and Studio8 are based in Swansea, and the city plays host to the BeyondTV Film Festival. BeyondTV is annual event organised by Undercurrents to showcase the best of activism filmmakers. Swansea
Swansea
has also hosted the annual Swansea
Swansea
Bay Film Festival, where past-winning directors have included Gareth Evans, Anthony James, Alun D Pughe and Andrew Jones. Representation in the media[edit] Swansea
Swansea
has been used as a location for films such as Only Two Can Play,[80] Submarine and Twin Town, the TV series Mine All Mine and in episodes of Doctor Who.[81] Swansea
Swansea
was the first city in Wales
Wales
to feature in its own version of the board game Monopoly. The Swansea
Swansea
edition of Monopoly features 33 local landmarks, including the Mumbles
Mumbles
Pier and the National Waterfront Museum; the game has been produced in both English and Welsh.[82] Swansea
Swansea
was also featured in a television documentary titled Swansea Love Story as part of the Rule Britannia series on VBS.tv. The film is of a rather graphic nature and features heroin users as well as community members affected by the narcotic while trying to provide some explanation for the increase in use.[83] Swansea
Swansea
was featured in several Yes Minister
Yes Minister
series as an undesirable civil service posting, in particular the vehicle licensing centre. Swansea
Swansea
is also the hometown of Edward Kenway, the main protagonist of Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag. This is because Matt Ryan, the voice actor of Edward, is from Swansea.[84] Public services[edit]

Swansea
Swansea
Crown Court

Swansea
Swansea
is policed by the South Wales
Wales
Police. The regional headquarters for the Swansea
Swansea
area is Swansea
Swansea
Central Police Station. Ambulance services are provided by the Welsh Ambulance Service, and fire services by the Mid and West Wales
Wales
Fire and Rescue Service. Swansea Airport
Swansea Airport
is one of the country's three Wales
Wales
Air Ambulance bases, the others being Welshpool and Caernarfon.[85] Local public healthcare services are operated by Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, who operate two hospitals in Swansea, Singleton Hospital
Singleton Hospital
and Morriston
Morriston
Hospital; the latter provides Accident and Emergency services. Singleton Hospital
Singleton Hospital
has one of Wales's three radiotherapy departments. Waste management
Waste management
services are coordinated by the local council, which deals with refuse collection and recycling and operates five civic amenity sites. The electricity Distribution Network Operator
Distribution Network Operator
supplying Swansea
Swansea
is Western Power Distribution. Welsh Water
Welsh Water
provides drinking water supply and wastewater services to Swansea. There is a water treatment works at Crymlyn Burrows. Reservoirs which supply Swansea
Swansea
include the Cray reservoir
Cray reservoir
and the Lliw Reservoirs, which are operated by Welsh Water. The Local Gas Distribution company is Wales
Wales
and West Utilities. Public order[edit] There was a high rate of car crime during the 1990s. In 2002, the BBC described Swansea
Swansea
as a "black spot for car crime".[86] Car crime is a central theme in the film Twin Town, which was set in and around Swansea
Swansea
and Port Talbot. The football violence that Swansea
Swansea
experienced during the 1970s–1990s has considerably reduced, the only major clashes occurring between Swansea
Swansea
City supporters and Cardiff
Cardiff
City supporters. Many matches between these sides have ended in violence in both Swansea
Swansea
and Cardiff. These two clubs have a long history of intense rivalry,[87] being described in the media as tribal. Railways[edit] Swansea railway station
Swansea railway station
has trains mostly run by Arriva Trains Wales
Wales
a Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
Company, on the West Wales
Wales
Line to Llanelli, Carmarthen, and branches to, (a) Tenby and Pembroke Dock, (b) Haverfordwest
Haverfordwest
and Milford Haven
Milford Haven
and (c) Fishguard Harbour with connecting Stena Line ferries to Rosslare Europort and Iarnród Éireann
Iarnród Éireann
trains via Wexford to Dublin Connolly. To the north along the Heart of Wales
Wales
Line via Llanelli, and onwards via Llandovery, Llandrindod and Craven Arms to Shrewsbury. Along the South Wales
Wales
Main Line to Neath
Neath
and stations to Cardiff Central (for connections to other parts of the United Kingdom), Newport, Reading and London Paddington
London Paddington
to the east. Mostly run by Great Western Railway. There are also suburban stations in Gowerton, Llansamlet
Llansamlet
and in Pontarddulais
Pontarddulais
which are served by Arriva Trains Wales. Transport[edit] See also: Transport in Wales Roads[edit] The M4 motorway
M4 motorway
crosses though Swansea
Swansea
(junctions 44 to 47 inclusive); the A48, formerly a trunk road, passes east-west through the northern districts of the city including Llansamlet
Llansamlet
and Morriston. The A48 and the M4 connect Swansea
Swansea
with Neath, Port Talbot
Port Talbot
and Cardiff
Cardiff
to the east and Carmarthen
Carmarthen
to the west. The A483 dual carriageway links the city centre with the motorway at Junction 42 to the east and Junction 47 to the north west. On departing Swansea
Swansea
to the north, the A483 multiplexes with the A48 before continuing through mid Wales
Wales
and eventually terminating at Chester. The A4067 connecting Mumbles
Mumbles
with the city centre and continuing up the Swansea Valley towards Brecon
Brecon
is also a dual carriageway for much of its route through Swansea. Other notable local roads include the A484, which provides a link from Fforestfach
Fforestfach
west to Llanelli, and the A4118, the main route westwards from the city centre across Gower to Port Eynon. Buses[edit]

Swansea
Swansea
bus station

The Meridian tower, Swansea. Tallest building in Wales

Bus routes within Swansea
Swansea
are operated predominantly by First Cymru, while smaller bus and coach operators such as NAT Group, South Wales Transport, Lewis Coaches, First Call Travel and DANSA also operate some routes in the city, most of which serving Swansea
Swansea
bus station. First operates the Swansea
Swansea
Metro, a road-based FTR bus rapid transit route, introduced between Morriston
Morriston
Hospital and Singleton Hospital
Singleton Hospital
in 2009,[88] and a shuttle bus (Service X10) to Cardiff
Cardiff
central bus station calling at Bridgend Designer Outlet. In late 2015 the fleet of Wright StreetCar
Wright StreetCar
articulated buses that served the Swansea Metro
Swansea Metro
route were removed from service and replaced with standard non-articulated Wright StreetLite
Wright StreetLite
vehicles. Veolia used to operate the rural services around the Gower Peninsula and the Lliw Valley
Lliw Valley
branded Gower Explorer
Gower Explorer
and Lliw Link respectively. Since Veolia's withdrawal from Swansea, these services were operated by First Cymru
First Cymru
for several years, and are now operated by NAT Group. Park and Ride[edit] Park and Ride
Park and Ride
services are operated from car parks at Landore
Landore
and Fabian Way.[89] During busy periods of the year, additional Park and Ride services are operated from the Brynmill
Brynmill
recreation ground. Subsidised services to Fforestfach
Fforestfach
were cut in 2015 due to local authority financial constraints.[90] Coaches[edit] Swansea
Swansea
is served by the following direct coach services:

National Express Coaches
National Express Coaches
operate eastbound to Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport, London, Birmingham, Cardiff
Cardiff
and Bristol, and westbound to Llanelli, Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and Haverfordwest. Megabus operate eastbound to Cardiff, Newport, Bristol, London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds
Leeds
and York, and westbound to Pembrey, Carmarthen, Pembroke Dock, Lampeter, Aberaeron
Aberaeron
and Aberystwyth. TrawsCymru
TrawsCymru
operate services to Brecon, Carmarthen, Lampeter, Aberaeron and Aberystwyth.

Cycles[edit] There are four dedicated cycle routes in the local authority's area:

Swansea
Swansea
Bay: The Maritime Quarter
Maritime Quarter
to the Knab Rock near the Mumbles Pier. Clyne Valley Country
Country
Park: Blackpill
Blackpill
to Gowerton
Gowerton
forming part of National Cycle Network, Route 4. Along the east bank of the River Tawe
River Tawe
forming the start of National Cycle Network, Route 43, which terminates at Abercraf. Sustrans
Sustrans
advise that it will continue northwards to Builth Wells
Builth Wells
once complete.[91] Adjacent to the Fabian Way: Forming part of National Cycle Network, Route 4 and extending as the Celtic Trail
Celtic Trail
to Chepstow
Chepstow
and (eventually) London.

City cruiser pedal vehicles are being introduced to the city centre in a joint venture between the council and Swansea
Swansea
Business Improvement District.[92][93] In November 2007 a new bridge was completed over the Fabian Way
Fabian Way
which provides a one way park and ride bus lane and a shared-use pedestrian and NCN route 4 cycle way. The leaf-shaped bridge was shortlisted for the 2008 Structural Steel Design Awards.[94] Rail[edit] Swansea railway station
Swansea railway station
is located 10 minutes from Swansea
Swansea
bus station by foot. Services calling at Swansea
Swansea
operate to Llanelli, Carmarthen, Milford Haven
Milford Haven
and Haverfordwest
Haverfordwest
to the west, Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
to the north, and Cardiff
Cardiff
Central (for connections to England and beyond), Newport and London Paddington
London Paddington
to the east. There are also suburban stations in Gowerton, Llansamlet
Llansamlet
and in Pontarddulais
Pontarddulais
which are served by Arriva Trains Wales. Mumbles
Mumbles
railway and tram[edit] The Swansea
Swansea
and Mumbles
Mumbles
Railway was built in 1804 to move limestone from the quarries of Mumbles
Mumbles
and coal from the Clyne valley to Swansea and to the markets beyond. It carried the world's first fare-paying rail passengers on the day the British Parliament abolished the transportation of slaves from Africa. It later moved from horse power to steam locomotion, and finally converting to electric trams, before closing in January 1960, in favour of motor buses. Air[edit] Swansea Airport
Swansea Airport
is a minor aerodrome situated in the Gower providing recreational flights only. Further development of the airport is strongly resisted by the local communities and environmental groups.[95] Swansea
Swansea
is served by Cardiff
Cardiff
Airport, 44 miles (71 km) east, in the Vale of Glamorgan, which provides scheduled domestic and international flights. It is approximately 40 minutes away by road or 70 minutes by rail. Pembrey
Pembrey
Airport, 17 miles (27 km) to the west offers charter flights to a few European destinations. Sea[edit] Swansea Marina
Swansea Marina
to the south of the city centre has berths for 410 leisure boats.[96] An addition 200 berths for leisure boats are located near the mouth of the River Tawe.[97] Further leisure boating berths are being constructed at the Prince of Wales
Wales
Dock in the Swansea Docks
Swansea Docks
complex. The Swansea Docks
Swansea Docks
complex is owned and operated by Associated British Ports and is used to handle a range of cargo ranging from agribulks and coal to timber and steel.[98] Swansea
Swansea
Docks consists of three floating docks and a ferry terminal. Fastnet Line
Fastnet Line
operated a Swansea Cork Ferry
Swansea Cork Ferry
roll-on/roll-off service until November 2011, when the service was ended.[99] A new catamaran-based passenger ferry service from Ilfracombe
Ilfracombe
to Swansea
Swansea
was scheduled to begin in Easter 2010 with two return trips a day taking around 50 minutes each way, it would also have had facilities to carry cycles.[100] However, to-date the service has yet to launch. Leisure and tourism[edit]

The LC leisure centre

A number of beaches around Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
are promoted to visitors.[101] Surfing
Surfing
is possible at Langland Bay, Caswell Bay
Caswell Bay
and Llangennith, with the latter winning accolades from two national newspapers for the quality of its waves.[102] The five-mile promenade from the Marina to Mumbles
Mumbles
offers views across Swansea
Swansea
Bay.[103] The seaside village of Mumbles
Mumbles
has a Victorian pier, small, independent shops and boutiques, restaurants and cafes.[104] The south coast of Gower is the chief magnet for walkers, with a path stretching from Mumbles
Mumbles
Head across the cliff tops, beaches and coastal woodland to Rhossili.[105]

The National Waterfront Museum

On the Waterfront, Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
has a five-mile (8 km) sweep of coastline[106] which features a beach, promenade, children's lido, leisure pool, marina and maritime quarter featuring the museums the National Waterfront Museum
National Waterfront Museum
and Swansea
Swansea
Museum, the oldest museum in Wales.[107] Also situated in the maritime quarter is the Dylan Thomas Centre, which celebrates the life and work of the author with its permanent exhibition 'Dylan Thomas – Man and Myth',[108] and Mission Gallery, a unique art gallery also in the heart of the Maritime Quarter
Maritime Quarter
which hosts a range of exhibitions from various art disciplines; it also host a craft space, with ranging works from local and international artists.[109] The Dylan Thomas Centre
Dylan Thomas Centre
is the focal point for the annual Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Festival (27 October – 9 November). There is a permanent exhibition at the Dylan Thomas Birthplace and Home for 23 years in Uplands which has been restored to its condition as a new house when bought by the Thomas family in 1914 a few months before Dylan was born in the front bedroom. The SA1 Waterfront area is the latest development for living, dining and leisure.[110]

Sunset over Swansea
Swansea
Bay

Swansea
Swansea
Bay, Mumbles
Mumbles
and Gower are home to various parks and gardens and almost 20 nature reserves.[111] Clyne Gardens
Clyne Gardens
is home to a collection of plants set in parkland and host to 'Clyne in Bloom' in May. Singleton Park
Singleton Park
has acres of parkland, a botanical garden, a boating lake with pedal boats, and crazy golf. Plantasia
Plantasia
is a tropical hothouse pyramid featuring three climatic zones, housing a variety of unusual plants, including several species which are extinct in the wild, and monkeys, reptiles, fish and a butterfly house. Other parks include Cwmdonkin Park, where Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
played as a child, and Victoria Park which is close to the promenade on the seafront.[112] Oxwich Bay
Oxwich Bay
on the Gower Peninsula
Gower Peninsula
was named the most beautiful beach in Britain by travel writers who visited more than 1,000 beaches around the world in search of the perfect sands (2007). The Travel Magazine praised Oxwich for "magnificent and unspoilt" scenery and as a "great place for adults and children to explore".[113] It has over three miles (5 km) of soft, golden sands, making it the ideal family getaway. The Guardian
The Guardian
named it one of Britain's blue-riband top 10 category beaches (2007).[114] The Independent
The Independent
newspaper hailed Rhossili
Rhossili
Bay as "the British supermodel of beaches" (2006) and the best beach in Britain for breathtaking cliffs (2007),[115] whilst The Sunday Times listed it as one of the 25 best beaches in the world (2006).[116] Thanks to its clear air and lovely golden sand, this romantic stretch of sand was voted the best place in the UK to watch the sun set ( Country
Country
Living magazine 2005)[116] and one of the top romantic spots in the country ( The Guardian
The Guardian
2007).[117] Llangennith
Llangennith
Beach, with its soft sands, consistent beach break and great facilities, was listed as the best place to learn how to surf in Britain by The Observer (2006)[118] and one of the 10 'classic surfing beaches by The Guardian
The Guardian
(2007).[119] Gower also claims Britain's Best Beach, Three Cliffs Bay. The Gower landmark topped the BBC
BBC
Holiday Hit Squad nationwide competition (2006)[120] and was voted Britain's best camping beach by The Independent
The Independent
thanks to its superb setting and quiet location (2007).[121] Three Cliffs Bay
Three Cliffs Bay
also made the final of the ITV series Britain's Favourite View – the only nomination in Wales
Wales
and backed by singer Katherine Jenkins.[122] Nearby Brandy Cove came sixth in an online poll to find the UK's top beach for the baby boomer generation (2006).[123] Beaches which won 2006 Blue Flag Beach Awards are: Bracelet Bay, Caswell Bay, Langland Bay, Port Eynon Bay and Swansea Marina
Swansea Marina
(one of the few Blue Flag Marinas in Wales). All of these beaches also won a Seaside Award
Seaside Award
2006. Limeslade was awarded the Rural Seaside Award
Seaside Award
and the Green Coast Award. Other Green Coast Awards went to Pwll Du, Rhossili
Rhossili
Bay and Tor Bay. Activities[edit] Swansea
Swansea
has a range of activities including sailing, water skiing, surfing, and other watersports,[124] walking[125] and cycling.[126] Part of the Celtic Trail
Celtic Trail
and the National Cycle Network, Swansea
Swansea
Bay provides a range of traffic-free cycle routes including along the seafront and through Clyne Valley Country
Country
Park.[127] The Cycling Touring Club CTC has a local group in the area.[128] Swansea
Swansea
Bay, Mumbles
Mumbles
and Gower have a selection of golf courses.[129] Prior to closure in 2003, Swansea Leisure Centre
Swansea Leisure Centre
was one of the top ten visitor attractions in the UK; it has been redeveloped as an indoor waterpark, rebranded the 'LC',[130] and was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
on 7 March 2008.[131] The Wales
Wales
National Pool is in Swansea.[132] Nightlife[edit] Swansea
Swansea
has a range of pubs, bars, clubs, restaurants and a casino.[133] Swansea
Swansea
had two casinos until 30 August 2012 when Aspers closed. The majority of city centre bars are situated on Wind Street, with various chains represented including Revolution, Varsity, Yates's and Walkabout. Some venues feature live music.[134] The Mumbles
Mumbles
Mile, described by the BBC
BBC
as "one of Wales's best-known pub crawls" has declined in recent years with a number of local pubs being converted into flats or restaurants.[135] See also[edit]

Wales
Wales
portal

Swansea
Swansea
Bus Museum Swansea
Swansea
Philharmonic Choir

Twinning[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom Swansea
Swansea
is twinned with:[136]

Cork, County Cork, Munster, Ireland[137] Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany;[138] Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France Bydgoszcz, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland.[139]

It also has a friendship link with Nantong, China.[140] References[edit]

^ " Swansea
Swansea
– Coat of Arms". www.swansea.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 January 2018.  ^ "Largest Cities in the UK". UKCities. Retrieved 13 October 2017.  ^ W.S.K. Thomas The History of Swansea from Rover Settlement to the Restoration. ISBS 0 86383 600 3 ^ "2011 Census: Release of Initial Results" (PDF). City and County of Swansea
Swansea
Research and Information Unit. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.  ^ "Swansea". Encyclopædia Britannica.  ^ Hughes, S. (2000) Copperopolis: landscapes of the early industrial period in Swansea
Swansea
(Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales ^ Chris Pyke (14 July 2014). "Is this the coolest map of Wales
Wales
EVER? Etymological map of Welsh place names makes the country look like it is Game of Thrones". walesonline. Retrieved 16 April 2016.  ^ See Place-Names in Glamorgan, Gwynedd
Gwynedd
O. Pierce, p 182. ^ Wyn Owen, H. and Morgan, R. (2008) Dictionary of the Place-names of Wales. Llandysul: Gomer. ^ Alban, JR (1984). Swansea
Swansea
1184–1984. Swansea
Swansea
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Swansea
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Swansea University
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Swansea
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BBC
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Swansea
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Swansea.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Swansea.

City and County of Swansea
Swansea
Council Swansea City Centre
Swansea City Centre
(website run by council) Swansea
Swansea
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (county)  "Swansea". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914. 

City and County of Swansea

v t e

Swansea
Swansea
topics

Topics

Swansea
Swansea
City Centre Buildings and structures Images Organisations People Sport Transport Places History Schools Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

v t e

Electoral wards of the City and County of Swansea
Swansea
council

Swansea
Swansea
East Constituency

Bonymaen Cwmbwrla Landore Llansamlet Morriston Mynyddbach Penderry St. Thomas

Swansea
Swansea
West Constituency

Castle Cockett Dunvant Killay North Killay South Mayals Sketty Townhill Uplands

Gower Constituency

Bishopston Clydach Fairwood Gorseinon Gower Gowerton Kingsbridge Llangyfelach Lower Loughor Mawr Newton Oystermouth Penclawdd Penllergaer Pennard Penyrheol Pontarddulais Upper Loughor West Cross

v t e

Communities of the City and County of Swansea

Birchgrove Bishopston Bonymaen Castle Clydach Cockett Cwmbwrla Dunvant Gorseinon Gowerton Grovesend
Grovesend
and Waungron Ilston Killay Landore Llangennith, Llanmadoc and Cheriton Llangyfelach Llanrhidian Higher Llanrhidian Lower Llansamlet Llwchwr Mawr Morriston Mumbles Mynydd-Bach Penderry Penllergaer Pennard Penrice Pontarddulais Pontlliw and Tircoed Port Eynon Reynoldston Rhossili Sketty St Thomas Three Crosses Townhill Uplands Upper Killay

v t e

Principal areas of Wales

Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath
Neath
Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taf Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan Wrexham Ynys Môn

v t e

Cities of the United Kingdom

England

Bath Birmingham Bradford Brighton and Hove Bristol Cambridge Canterbury Carlisle Chelmsford Chester Chichester Coventry Derby Durham Ely Exeter Gloucester Hereford Kingston upon Hull Lancaster Leeds Leicester Lichfield Lincoln Liverpool London Manchester Newcastle upon Tyne Norwich Nottingham Oxford Peterborough Plymouth Portsmouth Preston Ripon St Albans Salford Salisbury Sheffield Southampton Stoke-on-Trent Sunderland Truro Wakefield Wells Westminster Winchester Wolverhampton Worcester York

Scotland

Aberdeen Dundee Edinburgh Glasgow Inverness Perth Stirling

Wales

Bangor Cardiff Newport St Asaph St Davids Swansea

Northern Ireland

Armagh Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry

v t e

Radio in the City and County of Swansea

Local Radio (Analogue)

96.4 FM & DAB The Wave - Contemporary 1170 MW & DAB Swansea Sound
Swansea Sound
- Oldies Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay
Radio - Adult Contemporary Xtreme Radio (AM) - Student Radio Radio City 1386AM
Radio City 1386AM
The ABM University Health Boards Radio Service - Hospital Radio/Variety 106.5 FM Radio Tircoed - Community/Variety

v t e

Transport in Swansea

Roads

M4 motorway European route E30 A48 road A483 road A484 road A4067 road A4216 road A4217 road A4240 road A4118 road

Bus

First Cymru Gorseinon
Gorseinon
bus station Gower Explorer Metro (Route 4) National Express Swansea
Swansea
bus station

Cycling

Celtic Trail National Cycle Route 4 National Cycle Route 43

Railway lines

South Wales
Wales
Main Line West Wales
Wales
line Heart of Wales
Wales
line Swansea
Swansea
District line

Railway stations

Gowerton Llansamlet Pontarddulais Swansea

Air

Swansea
Swansea
Airport

Waterways

River Tawe Swansea
Swansea
Canal Tennant Canal

Sea

Swansea
Swansea
docks Swansea
Swansea
Marina Swansea Cork ferry
Swansea Cork ferry
(Fastnet Line) Severn Link

v t e

Culture in Swansea

Festivals

National Eisteddfod
National Eisteddfod
(1891, 1907, 1926, 1964, 1982) Urdd Eisteddfod (2011) Escape into the Park

List of venues

Guildhall Brangwyn Hall Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Centre Grand Theatre Patti Pavilion Townhill Theatre Taliesin Arts Centre Castle Square Singleton Park Tabernacle Chapel Liberty Stadium

Museums and galleries

National Waterfront Museum Swansea
Swansea
Museum Gower Heritage Centre Glynn Vivian Art Gallery 1940s Swansea
Swansea
Bay Egypt Centre Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Centre

Recreation

Swansea
Swansea
Central Library The LC Brynmill
Brynmill
Park Cwmdonkin Park Victoria Park Clyne Gardens Singleton Park Wales
Wales
National Pool Plantasia Swansea
Swansea
Beach Swansea
Swansea
Marina Mumbles
Mumbles
Pier

Entertainment

Wind Street The Kingsway Aspers Casino

Shopping

Swansea
Swansea
Market Quadrant Shopping Centre St. David's Shopping Centre Oxford
Oxford
Street Parc Tawe Parc Fforestfach Morfa Retail Park Swansea
Swansea
Enterprise Park

v t e

Economy of Swansea

Main commercial employers (excluding national retailers)

3M UK plc Admiral Insurance Alberto-Culver Bemis BT Group Conduit Electronic Data Systems HSBC International Rectifier Timet Vale Inco Virgin Media

Main public sector employers

Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University NHS Trust City and County of Swansea
Swansea
council Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency HM Land Registry Swansea
Swansea
Metropolitan University Swansea
Swansea
University

Companies with a local headquarters

CGram Software
CGram Software
Ltd First Cymru Hurns Brewing Company South West Wales
Wales
Publications Swansea
Swansea
Building Society

Retail

Retail parks (Morfa Fforestfach Parc Tawe Pontarddulais
Pontarddulais
Road Enterprise Park) Shopping centres (Quadrant St. David's City centre Market)

Regeneration and development

Liberty Stadium SA1 Waterfront Swansea
Swansea
Vale The Tower, Meridian Quay Wales
Wales
National Pool

Tourism

Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Centre Glynn Vivian Art Gallery LC, Swansea Mumbles
Mumbles
Pier National Waterfront Museum Plantasia Swansea
Swansea
Beach Swansea
Swansea
Marina Swansea
Swansea
Museum

Industrial history

Cambrian Pottery Hafod Copperworks Lower Swansea
Swansea
Valley South Wales
Wales
Coalfield Steel Company of Wales Swansea
Swansea
Canal Swansea
Swansea
docks Swansea
Swansea
and Mumbles
Mumbles
Railway Swansea
Swansea
and Neath
Neath
Railway Swansea Vale Railway Tennant Canal Vivian & Sons

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152462144 GND: 4201241-7

Coordinates: 51°37′N 3°57′W / 51.617°N 3.950°W / 51

.