SURABAYA (Indonesian pronunciation: ) (formerly Dutch :
SOERABAJA/SOERABAIA), is the capital of Jawa Timur (East Java)
Indonesia . It is one of the earliest port cities in
Southeast Asia. During 18th and 19th centuries,
Surabaya was the
largest city in
Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies and the center of trading in the
nation, larger than Batavia (at present
Jakarta ). It was then a
Hong Kong . Today the city remains as one
of the important financial hub of Indonesian archipelago, arguably 2nd
Port of Tanjung Perak is the 2nd busiest seaport
of Indonesia. Located on northeastern
Java island and along the edge
Madura Strait , it is the second-largest-city in
Indonesia . At
the 2010 census, the city had a population over 2.8 million,
approximately 6 million as metropolitan, and an 'extended metropolitan
area', known as
Gerbangkertosusila with more than 9 million
* 1 History
* 1.1 Etymology
* 1.2 Early history
* 1.3 Pre-colonial era
* 1.4 Colonial era
* 1.5 Independence era
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Topography
* 2.2 Climate
* 3 Government
* 4 Demographics
* 4.1 Ethnicity
* 4.2 Language
* 4.3 Religion
* 5 Economy
* 5.1 Business
* 5.2 Business districts
* 5.3 Retail
* 6 Infrastructure
* 6.1 Architecture
* 6.2 Important landmarks
* 6.3 Military establishment
* 6.4 Transportation
* 6.4.1 Airport
* 6.4.2 Seaport
* 6.4.3 Train
* 6.4.4 Bus
* 6.4.5 Public transports
* 7 Sports
* 8 Education
* 8.1 Universities and post-secondary institutions
* 8.2 Primary and secondary schools
* 9 Cuisine
* 10 Twin towns – Sister cities
* 11 Gallery
* 12 See also
* 13 References
* 14 External links
Fighting shark and crocodile, the emblem of
applied since colonial times, derived from local folk etymology
Surabaya (Suroboyo) is locally believed to derive its name from the
words "suro" (shark ) and "boyo" (crocodile ), two creatures which, in
a local myth , fought each other in order to gain the title of "the
strongest and most powerful animal" in the area. It was said that the
two powerful animals agreed for a truce and set boundaries; that the
shark's domain would be in the sea while the crocodile's domain would
be on the land. However one day the shark swam into the river estuary
to hunt, this angered the crocodile, who declared it his territory.
Shark argued that the river was a water-realm which meant that it
was shark territory, while the crocodile argued that the river flowed
deep inland, so it was therefore crocodile territory. A ferocious
fight resumed as the two animals bit each other. Finally the shark was
badly bitten and fled to the open sea, and the crocodile finally ruled
the estuarine area that today is the city.
Another source alludes to a
Jayabaya prophecy — a 12th-century
psychic king of
Kediri Kingdom — as he foresaw a fight between a
giant white shark and a giant white crocodile taking place in the
area, which is sometimes interpreted as a foretelling of the Mongol
Java , a major conflict between the forces of the Kublai
Khan , Mongol ruler of
China , and those of
Raden Wijaya 's Majapahit
in 1293. The two animals are now used as the city's symbol, with the
two facing and circling each other, as depicted in a statue
appropriately located near the entrance to the city zoo .
Alternate derivations proliferate: from the Javanese "sura ing baya",
meaning "bravely facing danger"; or from the use of "surya" to refer
to the sun. Some people consider Jayabaya's prophecy as being about
the great war between native Surabayan people and foreign invaders at
the start of the war of independence in 1945. Another story tells of
two heroes who fought each other in order to be the king of the city.
The two heroes were named Sura and Baya. These folk etymologies ,
though embraced enthusiastically by its people and city leaders, are
unverifiable. Dutch residenthuis (Resident House) along the water
Surabaya Map of
Surabaya from an 1897 English travel-guide
Red Bridge area from the air in the 1920s.
The earliest record of
Surabaya was in the 1225 book Zhu fan zhi
Zhao Rugua , in which it was called Jung-ya-lu . The name
Janggala was probably originated from the name "Hujung Galuh" (Old
Javanese lit: "Cape Diamond" or "Cape Gemstone"), or "Jung-ya-lu"
according to Chinese source. Hujung Galuh was located on the estuarine
Brantas River and today is the part of modern
Surabaya city and
Sidoarjo Regency .
By the 14th to 15th century,
Surabaya seems to be one of Majapahit
ports or coastal settlements, together with Tuban, Gresik, and Hujung
Ma Huan documented the early fifteenth-century visit
Zheng He 's treasure ships in his 1433 book
Yingyai Shenglan :
"after traveling south for more than twenty li, the ship reached
Sulumayi, whose foreign name is Surabaya. At the estuary, the
outflowing water is fresh".
Ma Huan visited
Java during Zheng He's 4th expedition in the 1413,
during the reign of
Wikramawardhana . He describes his
Majapahit capital, first he arrived to the port of Tu-pan
Tuban ) where he saw large numbers of Chinese settlers migrated from
Guangdong and Chou Chang. Then he sailed east to thriving new trading
town of Ko-erh-hsi (
Gresik ), Su-pa-erh-ya (Surabaya), and then
sailing inland into the river by smaller boat to southwest until
reached the Brantas river port of Chang-ku (Changgu). Continued travel
by land to southwest he arrived in Man-che-po-I (Majapahit), where the
Javanese king stay.
By late 15th century,
Islam began to take its root in Surabaya. The
settlement of Ampel Denta, located around
Ampel Mosque in today Ampel
sub-district, Semampir district, north Surabaya, was established by a
charismatic Islamic proselytizer
Sunan Ampel .
In the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries,
Surabaya grew to be a
duchy , a major political and military power in eastern Java. The
Tomé Pires mentioned that a Muslim lord was in
Surabaya in 1513 though likely still a vassal of the
Hindu–Buddhist Majapahit. At that time,
Surabaya was already a
major trading port, owing to its location on the
River Brantas delta
and on the trade route between
Malacca and the
Spice Islands via the
Java Sea . During the decline of Majapahit, the lord of Surabaya
resisted the rise of the
Demak Sultanate , and only submitted to its
rule in 1530.
Surabaya became independent after the death of Sultan
Trenggana of Demak in 1546.
Duchy of Surabaya entered a conflict with, and was later captured
by, the more powerful
Sultanate of Mataram in 1625 under Sultan Agung
. :31 It was one of Mataram's fiercest campaigns, in which they had to
conquer Surabaya's allies, Sukadana and
Madura , and to lay siege to
the city before capturing it. With this conquest, Mataram then
controlled almost the whole of Java, with the exception of the
Sultanate of Banten and the Dutch settlement of Batavia . :31
Surabaya in the 1930s: subsequently the Jembatan
Dutch East India Company
Dutch East India Company took the city over from a
weakened Mataram in November 1743. In consolidating its rule over
Surabaya and, in time, the rest of East Java, the Dutch collaborated
with leading regional magnates, including Ngabehi Soero Pernollo
(1720–1776), his brother Han Bwee Kong, Kapitein der Chinezen
(1727–1778) and the latter's son, Han Chan Piet, Majoor der Chinezen
(1759–1827), all from the powerful Han family of Lasem .
In the 18th and 19th centuries,
Surabaya was the largest city in
Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies .
Surabaya became a major trading center under the
Dutch colonial government, and hosted the largest naval base in the
Surabaya was also the largest city in the colony serving as
the center of Java's plantation economy, industry and were supported
by its natural harbor. In 1920, a census recorded that Batavia had
become the largest city. In 1917, a revolt occurred among the soldiers
and sailors of Surabaya, led by the Indies Social Democratic
Association . The revolt was firmly crushed and the insurgents given
Japan occupied the city in 1942, as part of the occupation of
Indonesia , and it was bombed by the Allies in 1944. After Japanese
surrender at the end of World War II
Surabaya was seized by Indonesian
nationalists . The young nation soon came into conflict with the
British, who had become caretakers of the Dutch colony after the
surrender of the Japanese.
Battle of Surabaya , one of the well-known battles of the
Indonesian revolution, started after the Arek-Arek Suroboyo (Teenagers
of Surabaya) assassinated the British Brigadier Mallaby on October 30,
1945 near Jembatan Merah (the "Red Bridge"), allegedly with a stray
bullet. The Allies gave an ultimatum to the Republicans inside the
city to surrender, but they refused. The ensuing battle, which cost
thousands of lives, took place on November 10, which Indonesians
subsequently celebrate as Hari Pahlawan (Heroes' Day). The incident of
the red-white flag (the
Dutch flag at the top of Yamato Hotel's tower
that was torn into the Indonesian red-white flag) by
Bung Tomo is also
recorded as a heroic feat during the struggle of this city.
The city is known as Kota Pahlawan "city of heroes" due to the
importance of the
Battle of Surabaya in galvanizing Indonesian and
international support for
Indonesian independence during the
Indonesian National Revolution .
In June 2011,
Surabaya received the Adipura Kencana Award as number
one among 20 cities in Indonesia.
Surabaya was reported by a
Singaporean as being clean and green.
Surabaya locates on the northern coast of
East Java province. It is
mostly lowlands with a river estuary of Kalimas , one of two branches
Brantas River .
Surabaya city borders
Madura Strait in the north
Sidoarjo Regency in the south, and
Gresik Regency in the
west. The regencies surrounding
Lamongan Regency to the northwest
Gresik Regency to the west
Bangkalan Regency to the northeast (on
Sidoarjo Regency to the south, and
Jombang Regency to the southwest
Like many other large Indonesian metropolises, many residents reside
outside the city limits in a metropolitan area called
Surabaya features a tropical wet and dry climate , with distinct wet
and dry seasons . The city's wet season runs from November through
June, while the dry season covers the remaining five months. Unlike a
number of cities and regions with a tropical wet and dry climate,
average high and low temperatures are very consistent throughout the
course of the year, with an average high temperature of around 31
degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of around 26 degrees
CLIMATE DATA FOR SURABAYA
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE RAINY DAYS
Wind Speed and Humidity data for
MAXIMUM WIND SPEED (KM/H)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED (KM/H)
MINIMUM WIND SPEED (KM/H)
MAXIMUM HUMIDITY (%)
AVERAGE HUMIDITY (%)
MINIMUM HUMIDITY (%)
The city has its own local government and legislative body. The mayor
and members of representatives are locally elected by popular vote for
a 5-year term.The city government enjoys greater decentralization of
affairs than the provincial body, such as the provision of public
schools, public health facilities and public transportation. Current
Mayor of the city is
Tri Rismaharini , who is the first female mayor
Surabaya and has led
Surabaya to achieve multiple regional,
national and international awards since her first term as Surabaya
Mayor in 2010. In 2012
Surabaya was awarded the “ASEAN
Environmentally Sustainable City Award”. Besides Mayor and Deputy
Mayor, there is
Surabaya Municipal People's Representative Council,
which is a legislative body of 50 council members directly elected by
the people in legislative elections every five years.
Surabaya is divided into 31 kecamatan (districts), and 161 urban
villages. The dirtricts are grouped into 5 areas of Central, North,
South, East and West. The districts are as follows,
* Karang Pilang (72,469)
* Jambangan (46,430)
* Gayungan (42,717)
* Wonocolo (80,276)
Tenggilis Mejoyo (72,467)
* Gunung Anyar (62,120)
* Sukolilo (119,873)
* Mulyorejo (94,728)
* Dukuh Pakis (64,249)
* Wiyung (67,987)
* Lakarsantri (51,195)
* Tandes (103,084)
* Sukomanunggal (100,612)
* Sawahan (170,605)
* Tegalsari (85,606)
* Genteng (46,548)
* Tambaksari (204,805)
* Kenjeran (163,438)
* Bulak, Surabya (37,214)
* Simokerto (79,319)
* Semampir (151,429)
* Pabean Cantian (69,423)
* Bubutan (84,465)
* Krembangan (106,664)
* Asemrowo (42,704)
* Benowo, Surabya (54,133)
Surabaya is the second most populous city in
Indonesia with 2,765,908
recorded in the chartered city limits (kota) in the 2010 census. With
the extended metropolitan development area called Gerbangkertosusila
(derived from GREsik -BANGkalan -MojoKERTO -SUrabaya-SIdoarjo
-LAmongan ) adding more than nine million inhabitants in several
cities and approximately 50 districts spread over non-contiguous urban
areas including Gresik, Sidoarjo,
Though central government of
Indonesia recognizes only the
metropolitan area (Surabaya,
Gresik and Sidarjo) as Greater Surabaya
Surabaya Raya) with a population of 6,484,206 (2010), making
Surabaya now the third largest metropolitan area in Indonesia. The
city is highly urbanized , with industries centralized in the city,
and contains slums. As the main education center, the city is also
home for students from around Indonesia.
Surabaya is an old city that has expanded over time, and its
population continues to grow at approximately 1.2% per year. In recent
years, more people have moved to
Surabaya from nearby suburbs and
Jembatan Merah, near Kya-Kya Kembang Jepun.
Javanese people are the majority in Surabaya, with Chinese
Indian Indonesians and ethnic Madurese being significant
minorities in the city.
Surabaya also has ethnic populations from
other parts of Indonesia: Sundanese , Minang ,
Batak , Banjar ,
Balinese , and
Most citizens speak a dialect of Indonesian/Javanese called
Suroboyoan, a sub-dialect of the Arekan dialect. A stereotype of this
dialect concerns equality and directness in speech. The usage of
register is less strict than the Central
Java dialect. The Suroboyoan
dialect is a mixture of both Bahasa
Indonesia and Javanese, also with
some significant influence from foreign languages such as Madurese
etc., which has formed a special dialect known as Suroboyoan. The
Suroboyoan dialect is actively promoted in local media, such as in
local TV shows, radio, newspapers and traditional dramas called Ludruk
Although around 85% of citizens in
Surabaya adhere to Sunni
other major religions include
Christianity (Roman Catholicism,
Protestantism, and Orthodox), of whom the majority are Roman
Catholics. The influence of
Hinduism is strong in basic Surabayan
culture, but only a minority of the population adheres to Hinduism
mostly among the ethnic Indian minority. There is also significant
Chinese Indonesians who adhere to
Confucianism , and a small community of Dutch Jews who adhere to
The city had an influential role as a major Islamic center in Java
Wali Sanga era. The prominent and honored Islamic figure in
Sunan Ampel (Raden Rahmat). His tomb is a sacred
religious site in the city and is visited by Surabayans and pilgrims
from different parts of Indonesia. The largest Muslim organization in
Nahdlatul Ulama was established in
Surabaya on 26 January
Al-Akbar Mosque is the largest mosque in Surabaya.
Christianity as a whole in
Surabaya is mainly practised by Chinese
Indonesians as well as native Javanese , Bataks and
attend either a Roman
Catholic or Protestant church. A minority of
Javanese practice at the Gereja Kejawen, a branch of native
Christianity.There are around 15 churches in Surabaya, which vary in
size. Gereja Katolik Kelahiran Santa Perawan Maria (The Church of The
Nativity of Blessed Virgin Mary), also known as Gereja Kepanjen, built
in 1815 as the first church in
Surabaya and one of the oldest churches
Indonesia . The main Orthodox Church in Indonesia, St Nikolas
Church, is also based in Surabaya. The
Orthodox Christian Center
Surabaya was opened on 15 October 2008.
Once the major religion in
Surabaya and across the archipelago during
Hinduism played a major role on traditional
Surabayan culture. Small Hindu communities still exist in Surabaya
most commonly in the eastern sections of the city.
Surabaya was the
location of the only synagogue in Java, but it rarely obtained a
minyan (quorum). The synagogue was destroyed in protests and riots
related to Palestine-Israeli conflict. There is still a Jewish
cemetery in the city.
Since the early 1900s,
Surabaya has been one of the most important
and busiest trading city ports in Asia. Principal exports from the
port, include sugar , tobacco and coffee . Its rich history as a
trading port has led to a strong financial infrastructure with modern
economic institutions such as banks, insurance and sound export-import
companies. The economy is influenced by the recent growth in foreign
industries and the completion of the
Suramadu Bridge . The high
potential and economic activities make the city an attractive
destination to foreign investors. The city is home to a large shipyard
, and numerous specialized naval schools.
As the provincial capital,
Surabaya has a number of offices and
business centers. As a metropolitan city,
Surabaya became the center
of economic, financial and business activities in
East Java and
Surabaya is the second largest port city in Indonesia
after Jakarta. As a trading center,
Surabaya is not only a trade
East Java but also facilitates areas in Central
Kalimantan and Eastern Indonesia. Surabaya's strategic location is
almost in the center of
Indonesia and just south of Asia makes it one
of the important hubs for trading activities in Southeast Asia.
Surabaya is currently in the process of building high rise
skyscrapers, including apartments, condominiums, and hotels, by way of
attracting foreign capital.
Surabaya and the surrounding area is
undergoing the most rapidly growing economic development in East Java
and one of the most advanced in Indonesia. The city is also one of the
most important cities in supporting Indonesia's economy.
Most of the population is engaged in services, industry and trade.
Surabaya is a fast growing trading center. Major industries include
shipbuilding, heavy equipment, food processing and agriculture,
electronics, home furnishings, and handicrafts. Many major
multinational companies are based in Surabaya, such as PT Sampoerna
Tbk, Maspion, Wing's Group, Unilever Indonesia, Pakuwon Group, Jawa
Pos Group and PT PAL Indonesia.
The area in between Jalan Basuki Rachmat, Jalan Embong Malang, and
Jalan Bubutan has grown as a business center and has turned into one
of the main heart of business and trade activities in Surabaya. Some
of the important buildings in this area include Wisma BRI Surabaya,
Hotel Bumi Surabaya, Wisma Dharmala Surabaya, The Peak Residence,
Sheraton Hotel etc.
Another cluster around Jalan Mayjend Sungkono, Jalan Adityawarman,
Jalan HR Muhammad, and Jalan Bukit Darmo has grown as a new business
center of the city. This area has now grown as one of the most rapidly
growing commercial and business centers in East Java, with high rise
buildings. Some of the tallest buildings in
Surabaya located in this
area, such as Adhiwangsa Apartment, Waterplace Residence, Puri
Matahari, Beverly Park Apartment, The Via ">
Plaza Tunjungan .
Surabaya has plenty of shopping centers like other major cities of
Indonesia, ranging from traditional markets to most modern shopping
malls. Outlets of numerous local and international brands have
presence in modern shopping malls. There are many dedicated markets
for electronic goods, gadgets and computer hardware.
Some important shopping malls of the city are, BG Junction *Ciputra
Surabaya *City of Tomorrow *Darmo Trade Center *East Coast
Center and Food Festival *Galaxy Mall *Grand City *HI-Tech Mall *ITC
*Jembatan Merah Plaza *Kapas Krampung Plaza *Lenmarc *Marvell City
*Pakuwon Trade Center *Pakuwon Mall *Pasar Atom Mall *Plasa Marina
Surabaya (formerly Delta Plaza) *
Tunjungan Plaza *Royal Plaza
Surabaya *Supermal Pakuwon Indah *
Surabaya Town Square *World Trade
List of tallest buildings in Surabaya Cheng Hoo
(Zheng He) Mosque,
Majapahit Hotel building is a
cultural heritage of
Surabaya is a mixture of colonial, Asian, Javanese,
modern, and post-modern influences. There are still many colonial era
relics still standing today, such as Hotel
Office. As a relatively old city in
Indonesia and Southeast Asia, most
colonial buildings in
Surabaya were built around the 17th century to
early 20th century. These buildings have influence of Dutch / European
style in the Middle Ages. Before the Second World War, there were many
shop houses in the old part of the city, mostly of two storey. These
shop houses have influence of European and Chinese traditions.
Although some have been dismantled for new construction, there are
still many old buildings that are preserved as cultural heritage and
city icons, which are around the area of Kembang Jepun Street,
Karet Street, Gula Street, Slompretan Street, and Rajawali Street.
After independence of Indonesia, the center of Surabaya's
architectural development was concentrated only in the area of
Jembatan Merah, and its surroundings. In the late 1990s and
early 2000s, modern and post-modern style buildings were increasingly
emerging in Surabaya. Along with the economic development, such
buildings continue to grow in
Surabaya until now. In the era of 2010s,
Surabaya has become a region for high-rise buildings in East Java,
such as The Peak Residence and One Icon Residence (200 meters).
* Kebun Binatang
Surabaya Zoo ) opened in 1916. It was the
first in the world to have successfully bred orangutans in captivity.
Zheng He Mosque , a recently built mosque, one of the unique
mosques with Chinese-style architecture in Indonesia. Dedicated to the
Hui Chinese diplomat,
Zheng He .
Al-Akbar Mosque , the largest mosque in Jawa Timur.
* Gereja Katolik Kelahiran Santa Perawan Maria, one of the first
churches to be built in Indonesia, and the first one ever built in
* Hero monument , a 41 metres (135 ft) high monument, is the main
Surabaya and commemorates the heroes of the revolutionary
struggle. There is a museum on location as well, exhibiting reminders
of the struggle for independence.
Nahdlatul Ulama , the resource center of the culture and
history of Nahdlatul Ulama, an independent Islamic religious
* Museum Bank
Indonesia , a bank museum occupying the former De
Javasche Bank built in 1904.
* House of Sampoerna, a museum devoted to the history of clove
cigarette (kretek) manufacturing in Indonesia, housed in Dutch
colonial buildings dating to 1864.
Jalesveva Jayamahe Monument , a large, admiral -like statue which
Indonesian Navy .
* Monkasel, abbreviated from Monumen Kapal Selam (
) A Soviet-built
Whiskey class submarine (named KRI Pasopati (410)),
first launched in 1952, served in the
Indonesian Navy from 1962 until
decommissioned in 1990. After her decommissioning, Pasopati was
dismantled and transferred to its present site in 1996. The submarine
was reassembled on the current site and opened as a museum and tourist
attraction in 1998.
* Kenjeran Beach, located in the eastern of Surabaya, which also
Sanggar Agung , a Chinese temple build over the sea.
* Market of the Chinese Tomb, last resting place of Han Bwee Kong,
Kapitein der Chinezen , magnate, mandarin and landlord in
East Java , and patriarch of the patrician Han family of Lasem
* Han Ancestral Hall, a historic house that serves as a memorial
temple for the ancestors of the Han family of Lasem
* Tomb of Sunan Ampel
* Bungkul Park
The Eastern Fleet is headquartered here. It is one of two fleets in
Indonesian Navy . Its maritime heritage is also represented in a
form of KRI Pasopati
Submarine Monument, a retired Russian Whiskey
class submarine .
Ujung passenger Port
Surabaya is supported by land and sea
infrastructure serving local, regional, and international journeys.
Air transport is located at Juanda Airport ,
Intracity transport is primarily by motor vehicles, motorcycles and
taxis with limited public bus transport available.
Surabaya is also a
transit city between
Bali for ground transportation.
Another bus route is between
Jakarta and the neighboring island of
Juanda International Airport is a passenger and cargo
airport which also serves as Surabaya's Navy Airbase, operated by the
TNI-AL (Indonesian Navy) and located just outside Surabaya, on the
outskirts of Sidoarjo. This airport has served
Surabaya for many
years, and currently has 2 terminals, with domestic flights served
from Terminal 1 and all international flights and Garuda Indonesia's
domestic flights serviced from Terminal 2. Although considered smaller
than Kuala Namu International Airport in
Medan and Ngurah Rai
International Airport in
Bali , Juanda International
Airport is still regarded as Indonesia's second busiest airport right
after Jakarta's Soekarno Hatta International Airport
Port of Tanjung Perak
Port of Tanjung Perak is the trading port in
East Java and is one of
the busiest ports in the country. It is the second largest port of
trade, container and passenger in
Indonesia after the Port of Tanjung
Priok in Jakarta. There is also TELUK LAMONG PORT TERMINAL, which is
the main buffer terminal terminal of Tanjung Perak Port. The port
terminal of Lamong Bay is the first green port in
Indonesia and is one
of the most sophisticated port terminals in the world where the entire
operating system is automated.
Commuter Rail in Surabaya
The city has three major train stations, being
Surabaya Kota (also
known as Semut), Pasar Turi, and Gubeng. Surabaya's main train station
Pasar Turi Station . The
Argo Bromo Anggrek operated by PT Kereta
Api (Indonesia\'s main rail operator ) connects
Surabaya from this
Gambir Station (Jakarta). Both economy and executive class
trains are served to and from Surabaya. pedicabs (becak) in the
The main bus terminal is Terminal Purabaya (located in Bungurasih,
Sidoarjo ), the other major terminal is Osowilangon in Tambak,
There are various kinds of local transport including: taxi-cabs,
shuttle bus , city bus , Angguna , pedicab and commuter trains .
GO-JEK , Uber , and Grab services are available in Surabaya.
Suramadu Bridge , The longest bridge in
Suramadu Bridge (derived from SURAbaya-MADUra) connects Surabaya
Madura Island over the
Madura Strait. A 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
highway has been proposed to be built from the
Suramadu Bridge to
Madura International Seaport-City in Pernajuh village, Kocah district,
Madura at a cost of approximately Rp. 60 billion (US$7
billion). This container port was built to ease the burden on
Surabaya's overloaded Tanjung Perak Port.
The city has one football club which competes in the Liga Dua
Indonesia , called
Persebaya . The club has won the Indonesian Premier
Division twice. Fans refer to themselves as Bonek, an abbreviation for
Bondo Nekat (which translates as "equipped by bravery").
Surabaya has a multi-purpose stadium , Gelora
Bung Tomo Stadium . The
stadium is used mostly for football matches. It is the new home
Persebaya , after replacing
Gelora 10 November Stadium .
On 23 July 2012, it was the venue of a match between
Queens Park Rangers .
UNIVERSITIES AND POST-SECONDARY INSTITUTIONS
Surabaya has several major universities and institutions, including
those with religious or technical specialties:
Airlangga University (UNAIR) , a major public research university
Indonesia based in
Surabaya and Banyuwangi .
Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS) , a public
technological institute teaches robotics and mechanics, and is the
center of Ship and Ocean Structure Design to support offshore
State University of Surabaya (UNESA) , a university educating
teachers; also with programs in Economics, Technology, and Law.
* State Islamic University of
Sunan Ampel (UINSA), a public
university for Islamic studies.
* Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya
(PENS-PPNS) , a technical institution located in Surabaya.
* Adhi Tama Institute of Technology
Surabaya , an institute
specializing in Technical Studies.
* Hang Tuah University
Surabaya , a private university specializing
in Maritime Studies.
* Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Jawa Timur
* Institut Sains Terapan dan Teknologi
Surabaya , an institute
specializing in Computer Programming.
* Universitas Kristen Petra , a Christian university in Indonesia.
Pelita Harapan University
* Widya Mandala
Catholic University (3 campuses), a
Surabaya with facilities for Healthcare Studies at a
newly opened third campus in the eastern part of the city
University of Surabaya , a private university teaching Pharmacy
* Universitas Bhayangkara , a university affiliated with Indonesian
Police Department of East Java.
* Wijaya Kusuma University
Surabaya , a university which is the
oldest private faculty of medicine in eastern Indonesia. Established
in 1981, The Faculty of Medicine was founded in 1986.
Wijaya Putra University a Public University established in 1984
* Ciputra University , a private entrepreneurial-oriented university
founded in 2006 by the Ciputra Group.
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS
International schools include:
Surabaya Intercultural School
Surabaya Japanese School (スラバヤ日本人学校)
Surabaya Taipei International School ; 印尼泗水臺灣學校)
Surabaya European School
Private schools include:
* St. Louis
* Angelus Custos
* GLORIA Christian School
* Petra Christian School
Javanese cuisine Rujak cingur, specialty of Surabaya.
As a metropolitan city all types of
Indonesian cuisine and other
international restaurants have presence in the city. However, as the
East Java , cuisines from the province dominates the
culinary culture of the city. East Javanese cuisines include, variety
of processed fruits, crisps temph,
Bakso Malang, Rawan,
Tahu campur lamongan, Cwie noodles, tahu takwa, tahu pong, and getuk
pisang, pecel madiun, wingko , tape , nasi krawu, otak-otak bandeng,
bonggolan, shrimp crackers, shrimp paste, and petis, Tempeh Chips,
tahu tepo, and Nasi lethok, sego tempong, salad soup, and pecel rawon,
Suwar-suwir, tape proll, gaplek, lodho, goat satay and pecel
Surabaya is famous for Rawon, Rojak cingur, Semanggi,
clams satay, mussels and rice cake.
* Rujak cingur : a marinated cow snout or lips and noses (cingur),
served with boiled vegetables and shrimp crackers. It is then dressed
in a sauce made of caramelized fermented shrimp paste (petis ),
peanuts, chili , and spices. It is usually served with lontong , a
boiled rice cake. Rujak cingur is considered traditional food of
Rawon : a dark beef soup, served with mung bean sprouts and the
ubiquitous sambal . The dark (almost black) color comes from the
kluwak (Pangium edule) nuts.
Lontong kupang: lontong with small cockles in petis sauce.
* Semanggi: a salad made of boiled semanggi (M. crenata) leaves that
grow in paddy fields. It is dressed in a spicy peanut sauce.
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
Surabaya is twinned with:
Japan (since 1992)
United States (since 1992)
New Orleans , United States
* Portland , United States
Johor Bahru , Malaysia
Kuala Belait ,
Den Haag , Netherlands
South Korea (since 1994)
Turkey (since 1996)
Australia , Australia
Varna , Bulgaria
Iskandariyah , Egypt
Mashhad , Iran
* Kōchi ,
Japan (since 1997)
Mexico (since 2001)
China (since 2005)
China (since 2008)
Colonial architecture of Surabaya
Colonial architecture of Surabaya
List of tallest buildings in Surabaya
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