SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO is a city in San Mateo County ,
United States , located on the
San Francisco Peninsula in the San
Francisco Bay Area . The population was 63,632 at the 2010 census .
* 1 Physical Location
* 2 History
* 3 Geography
* 4 Climate
* 5 Demographics
* 5.1 2000
* 5.2 2010
* 6 Transportation
* 7 Education
* 8 Fire department
* 9 Neighborhoods
* 10 Points of interest and recreation
* 10.1 Sign Hill
* 10.2 Wind Harp
* 10.3 City Hall
* 10.4 Other parks
* 10.5 Other places of interest
* 11 Economy
* 11.1 Top employers
* 12 Government
* 13 Sister cities
* 14 References
* 15 External links
San Francisco is located at 37°39′22″N 122°25′32″W
/ 37.65611°N 122.42556°W / 37.65611; -122.42556 (37.655983,
-122.425525) . According to the
Census Bureau , the city
has a total area of 30.2 square miles (78 km2), of which, 9.1 square
miles (24 km2) of it is land and 21.0 square miles (54 km2) of it
(69.69%) is water.
San Francisco lies north of
San Bruno and San Francisco
International Airport in the
Colma Creek valley south of
Daly City ,
Colma , Brisbane , and
San Bruno Mountain ; east of Pacifica and the
hills of the northern Coast Range lying along the
San Andreas Fault ;
west of the waters of
San Francisco Bay
San Francisco Bay . Locals often refer to the
town as SOUTH CITY, in much the same way that
San Francisco is called
"The City." Belying the name, South
San Francisco does not touch on
San Francisco, with either Brisbane , Colma , or
Daly City lying
Most of the valley faces east toward
San Francisco Bay, affording bay
views from higher levels. South
San Francisco has mild winters and dry
cool summers. The hills to the west shield the eastern parts of the
city from some of the fog that prevails in neighboring areas.
The population grew from 4,411 in 1920 to 67,009 in 2014. . It has
tripled since World War II with the opening of such subdivisions as
Buri Buri, Winston Manor and Westborough on the slopes west of El
The city is particularly noted for the South
San Francisco hillside
sign on Sign Hill, which rises to the north of the city, with large
white letters that proclaim "South San Francisco, The Industrial
City". The sign, a tribute to the city's industrial past, is listed on
the National Register of Historic Places .
The area which is now South
San Francisco was originally part of
Rancho Buri Buri , a large Mexican land grant to the Sanchez family
dating to 1827. In 1853 Charles Lux and a business partner, Alfred
Edmondson, purchased 1,700 acres (7 km2) of Rancho Buri Buri. Lux
bought out Edmonson’s interest in 1856 and founded the town of
Baden, now a neighborhood of South San Francisco. In 1855 Lux bought
another 1,464 acres (6 km2) of
Rancho Buri Buri land and became a
partner of fellow
San Francisco butcher and entrepreneur Henry Miller
, forming the firm of Miller & Lux.
The city of South
San Francisco was originally conceived as an
industrial suburb and was promoted by representatives of the Beef
Trust, a group including some of the country's largest meat packing
firms. A city plan was put forward in 1888 by Gustavus Franklin Swift
, founder of the Swift the facility opened in 1892. Other industries
soon moved in, including a pottery works, two brick companies, the
paint manufacturer W.P. Fuller -122.42556 (37.655983, -122.425525).
According to the
Census Bureau , the city has a total
area of 30.2 square miles (78 km2), of which, 9.1 square miles (24
km2) of it is land and 21.0 square miles (54 km2) of it (69.69%) is
South San Francisco, along with most of the Bay Area, enjoys a mild
Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb), with warm,
dry summers and cool, relatively wet winters. The micro climate of
San Francisco is dominated by wind from the nearby Pacific
Ocean, which typically keeps the daytime temperatures quite cool year
round, even during the summer months. January is the coolest month
with August being the warmest month. The record highest temperature of
106 °F (41 °C) and was recorded on June 14, 1961. The record lowest
temperature of 24 °F (-4.4 °C) was recorded on December 9, 1972.
The normal annual precipitation is 20.59 inches (52.3 cm).
CLIMATE DATA FOR SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM)
Source: "US Climate Data
San Francisco is frequently windy. Summer is the windiest
season with winds averaging 13.6 mph; winter is the least windy, with
winds averaging 7.5 mph.
As of the census of 2000, there were 60,552 people, 20,118
households, and 15,431 families residing in the city. The population
density was 6,624.2 people per square mile (2,557.7/km²). There were
20,870 housing units at an average density of 2,283.1 per square mile
There were 20,118 households out of which 39.2% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living
together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and
28.5% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of
individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 4.05 and the average family
size was 4.51.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age
of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64,
and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33
years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $60,764, and the
median income for a family was $65,598. Males had a median income of
$41,742 versus $35,453 for females. The per capita income for the city
was $25,562. About 5.5% of families and 6.2% of the population were
below the poverty line , including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 5.7%
of those age 65 or over.
San Francisco is a middle class and working class city.
However, that image is quickly changing as a number of higher-priced
homes have been built in recent years (particularly at the foot of the
mountain that divides Brisbane and South San Francisco) to take
advantage of the city's close proximity to downtown San Francisco, the
bio-tech industry, and the peninsula. There are also developments of
two-and-three bedroom condominiums in the Westborough district and on
El Camino Real near the South
BART station. Since 2007,
construction has begun to add more than 1,000 apartments renting at
more than $2,000 per month.
The most commonly spoken language at home in 2000 was English
(43.13%), followed by Spanish (28.36%), Tagalog (11.48%), Chinese
languages(4.9%), Hindi (1.5%), Arabic (1.59%), Italian (1.47%),
Vietnamese (0.67%), Russian (0.56%), Korean and Japanese (0.6%),
respectively, with other languages were spoken by less than half of
one percent of the population.
Census reported that South
San Francisco had
a population of 63,632. The population density was 6,961.2 people per
square mile (2,687.8/km²). The racial makeup of South San Francisco
was 23,760 (37.3%) White , 1,625 (2.6%) African American , 395 (0.6%)
Native American , 23,293 (36.6%) Asian , 1,111 (1.7%) Pacific Islander
, 9,598 (15.1%) from other races , and 3,850 (6.1%) from two or more
races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,645 persons (34.0%).
Among the Hispanic population, 13,194 (20.7%) are Mexican , 571 (0.9%)
are Puerto Rican , 92 (0.1%) are Cuban , and 7,788 (12.2%) are other
Hispanic or Latino.
Census reported that 63,053 people (99.1% of the population)
lived in households, 528 (0.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group
quarters, and 51 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 20,938 households, out of which 7,588 (36.2%) had children
under the age of 18 living in them, 11,165 (53.3%) were married
couples, 2,897 (13.8%) had a female householder with no husband
present, 1,268 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 1,083 (5.2%) unmarried couples, and 187 (0.9%) same-sex
couples. 4,299 households (20.5%) were made up of individuals and
1,857 (8.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 3.01. There were 15,330 families
(73.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.45.
The population was spread out with 13,787 people (21.7%) under the
age of 18, 5,668 people (8.9%) aged 18 to 24, 18,645 people (29.3%)
aged 25 to 44, 17,203 people (27.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 8,329 people
(13.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1
years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.
There were 21,814 housing units at an average density of 2,386.4 per
square mile (921.4/km²), of which 12,614 (60.2%) were owner-occupied,
and 8,324 (39.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate
was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.0%. 37,802 people (59.4% of
the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 25,251
people (39.7%) lived in rental housing units.
63,632 - 100.0%
59,782 - 93.9%
Not Hispanic or Latino
41,987 - 66.0%
Black or African American alone
1,480 - 2.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
138 - 0.2%
22,923 - 36.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1,054 - 1.7%
Some other race alone
287 - 0.5%
Two or more races alone
2,089 - 3.3%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
21,645 - 34.0%
16,226 - 25.5%
San Francisco is adjacent to the
San Francisco International
Airport (SFO). A
BART station , located directly adjacent to El Camino
High School and Solaire Transit Village, provides rapid transit
SFO , the city of
San Francisco , and the East Bay . BART
Caltrain service between
San Francisco and San Jose .
Caltrain\'s station is adjacent to downtown on Grand Avenue.
On June 4, 2012, the Water Emergency Transportation Authority began a
ferry service between
Oyster Point Marina and the east bay cities of
Jack London Square and Alameda at the Main Street ferry
terminal. The ferry service operates during weekday commute hours
The city is served by several free shuttle services open to the
* A South City Shuttle provides service between South San Francisco
BART and the city's downtown. It includes trips to local stores, the
senior center, libraries, city hall and parks. The shuttle provides
transit connections with both
BART and SamTrans.
* A shuttle linking the South
San Francisco Ferry Terminal to the
Utah/Grand Ave office area operates during commute hours, Monday
* A shuttle linking the South
San Francisco Ferry Terminal to the
Oyster Point office area operates during commute hours, Monday through
The city is transited by two major north-south freeways, U.S. Route
101 (the Bayshore Freeway), along the
San Francisco Bay, and
Interstate 280 , along the hills of the
Santa Cruz Mountains
Santa Cruz Mountains . It also
lies along the historic El Camino Real between Colma and San Bruno,
and is bordered on the west by Skyline Boulevard .
San Francisco High School , also known as South City High
El Camino High School
San Francisco is part of the South
San Francisco Unified School
District , which also serves portions of the neighboring cities of
Daly City and
San Bruno . The city is home to two public high schools:
El Camino High School and South
San Francisco High School , which
share a cross-town rivalry.
Baden High School and South San Francisco
Adult Education are the city's two continuation schools. The city also
has three public middle schools: Parkway Heights , Westborough , and
Alta Loma , as well as public elementary schools, including:
Buri-Buri, Junipero Serra (located in Daly City), Los Cerritos,
Martin, Monte Verde (in San Bruno), Ponderosa, Skyline (in Daly City),
Spruce, and Sunshine Gardens..
Several parochial schools are also established in the city: All Souls
School, Mater Dolorosa School (recently closed), and St. Veronica\'s
The city is served by the South
San Francisco Public Library which is
part of the
Peninsula Library System .
San Francisco Fire Department currently has five fire stations
. Station 61 is home to Engine 61, Rescue 61,
Battalion 17, and a
basic life support ambulance. Station 62 is home to the brand new
Quint 62. Station 63 is home to Engine and Rescue 63. Its nickname is
"The Bunker". Station 64 is home to Engine 64. Station 65 is home to
E65 and US text-align:left; vertical-align:top;">
* Avalon Park
* Avalon Pines
* Buri Buri
* Francisco Terrace
* Mayfair Village
* Paradise Valley
* Pecks Lot
* Peninsula Pines
* Serra Highlands
* Sunshine Gardens
* Susie Way
* The East Side
* West Winston Manor
* West Park
* Winston Manor
Paradise Valley is so named because it resides in between Sign Hill
San Bruno Mountain. Students mostly from Westborough and Buri Buri
attend El Camino High School . The majority of Brentwood and Paradise
Valley inhabitants attend South
San Francisco High School , as well as
the East Side inhabitants. The same inhabitants are also so-divided
among Westborough Middle School , Alta Loma Middle School and Parkway
Heights Middle School respectively.
POINTS OF INTEREST AND RECREATION
Main article: South
San Francisco hillside sign The "South San
Francisco The Industrial City" sign
San Francisco is not known as a tourist destination, but it is
a key landmark visible to anyone who travels along the San Francisco
Peninsula or through the nearby
San Francisco International Airport .
Sign Hill, near
San Bruno Mountain State Park, displays huge letters
on its mountainside which reads "SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO THE INDUSTRIAL
CITY." The letters are made of painted concrete and sit flush along
the hillside (in contrast to the raised steel letters of the Hollywood
Los Angeles ). The sign was put up in the 1920s, and in 1996
was given a place in the National Register of Historic Places as an
outstanding example of early 20th-Century "civic boosterism", a
tribute to the past importance of heavy industry to the regional
economy, and recognizing significant contributions the area made
during World Wars I and II.
Sign Hill is now a city park which provides hikers with access to the
letters; the park includes 30 acres (12 ha) of open space and almost 2
miles (3.2 km) of hiking trails. At the top of Sign Hill, a tall pole
with electric lights serves as an electric
Christmas tree , which is
typically lit from the day after Thanksgiving until January 6. The
"tree" is visible for many miles at night. In 2008, the pole was
modified to hold a vertical number 100, celebrating South San
Francisco's 100th year as an incorporated city. For Memorial Day ,
Independence Day it is now operated by the Historical Society. The
1920 city hall is modelled after Independence Hall in Philadelphia,
while next to it sits the original 1916 Carnegie Library. The 1912
Metropolitan Hotel (built by the Meat Packers Consortium) now has a
mural depicting SSF History high on its east wall. Bertolucci's is an
Italian restaurant that has also been around almost since the birth of
the city, located in close proximity to downtown South San Francisco
and is easily seen from highway 101.
San Francisco Public Library (part of the Peninsula Library
System) has served the city since 1917 with branches in the Grand
Avenue civic center and on West Orange Avenue just off of Westborough.
As well as the Plymire-Schwartz house, the SSF Historical Society
operates a museum in a former Water Company facility on Chestnut
Avenue; it houses a collection that includes artifacts, oral history
tapes, historic documents, special exhibits, and has a database for
researching historical photographs . The City Library also houses a
collection of documents and photos in basement-level offices at the
historic landmark Grand Avenue Library. Fine WPA murals of SSF may be
seen in the Linden Avenue Post Office and the Grand Avenue library.
The SSF B.A.R.T. station displays a series of murals based on historic
photographs of the city and its people which may be viewed from the
transit platform. The former Historic Preservation Commission placed
descriptive markers at fifty locations throughout the city .
Beginning in 1984, the city has pursued acquisition of artworks ,
most of which are displayed in parks and other public spaces. This
program is administered by a Cultural Arts Commission, which also
sponsors youth programs and public events.
San Francisco Farmers Market is at Orange Memorial Park
from May through October, 9am to 1pm. The market offers only
California-grown products sold directly to consumers.
Every Holiday season residents of Parkway Estates (a three-street
development built in the mid-1980s off Chestnut Avenue) decorate their
houses and yards with Christmas lights. This display is open to the
public, is well-known holiday attraction, and hundreds of visitors
arrive every holiday season. Lilac Lane (off of Palm Avenue) was an
earlier seasonal decoration cooperative which began in the 1960s, at
one point it was the destination of the city's Santa Claus parade, and
the spot where the local Chamber of Commerce Santa passed out toys
from R.Dakin (formerly headquartered in SSF) to hundreds of children.
Few of the original residents survive and decorative technology today
has far surpassed the 60's era so, in the 21st century, Lilac Lane has
become a backwater.
San Francisco has one bowling alley named Brentwood Bowl due to
its proximity to the Brentwood Neighborhood on El Camino Real . The
city is home to the private
California Golf "> Headquarters of
See\'s Candies on El Camino Real, South
Much of what is now South
San Francisco was initially agricultural
land, and was originally known as Baden. Small pockets of farmland
still exist near
San Bruno Mountain , but these lands are disappearing
quickly due to the City Council yielding to developers' demands. Acres
of Orchids, founded by the Rod McLellan Company in the late 1920s, was
one such victim of housing development. Once one of the largest
facilities in the
United States producing orchids and gardenias , the
nursery closed in 1998. A new housing tract now sits upon the land
formerly occupied by Acres of
Orchids greenhouses, off El Camino near
Hickey. A sign placed at the entrance to the Biotech Area
San Francisco to be the "Birthplace of Biotechnology."
The flat land east of
Bayshore Freeway (US 101) is the R"> South San
Francisco is home to one
Fortune 500 company, food wholesaler
San Francisco is home to
Genentech , one of the world's largest
biotech companies, as well as a satellite office of
Amgen , the
world's largest biotech firm. Many other biotech companies, such as
Exelixis , have also started or moved to South
San Francisco to be in
proximity to UCSF ,
Stanford University , and UC Berkeley ; all are
within an hour's drive. A sign located on East Grand Avenue declares
San Francisco as the "Birthplace of Biotechnology."
The headquarters and main factory of See\'s Candies is located in
South San Francisco, having moved from the original plant in Los
Angeles due to the cooler weather.
Air China operates an office in
South San Francisco.
Galoob had its headquarters in South
San Francisco before Hasbro
bought the company in 1998.
Hudson Soft USA, a subsidiary of Hudson
Soft , and Sanrio, Inc. , had its headquarters in South San Francisco.
SuccessFactors , a multinational, cloud-based human capital
management solution company is headquartered in South San Francisco.
According to the City's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fiscal
Year 2013/2014, the top employers in the city are:
# OF EMPLOYEES
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Costco Wholesalers (2 stores)
The New French Bakery
The city is governed by a five-member City Council, with one of the
five council members serving as
Mayor for one year in a rotation among
the other council members. Council members serve a four-year elected
term, all running at-large. As of 2016 the Council is composed of
Mayor Mark Addiego; Vice-
Mayor Pradeep Gupta; Council member Karyl
Motsumoto; Council member Richard Garbarino; and Council member Liza
City Manager is
Mike Futrell .
California State Legislature , South
San Francisco is in the
13th Senate District , represented by Democrat Jerry Hill , the 11th
Senate District , represented by Democrat
Scott Wiener , and in the
22nd Assembly District , represented by Democrat
Kevin Mullin and the
19th Assembly District , represented by Democrat
Phil Ting .
United States House of Representatives , South San Francisco
is in California\'s 14th congressional district , represented by
Jackie Speier .
San Francisco has five sister cities:
* Atotonilco ,
Pasig City ,
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San Francisco Bay