South Gate Assembly was a General Motors
automobile plant located at 2720 Tweedy Boulevard in the Los Angeles suburb of South Gate, California
[Photos of South Gate Assembly plant](_blank)
It opened in 1936
to build B-O-P (Buick
) cars for sale on the west coast.
It was the first GM plant to build multiple car lines,
[ resulting from a Depression-spawned move to cut production costs by sharing components and manufacturing.] [ South Gate was the second of several B-O-P "branch" assembly plants (the first being the Buick-operated Linden plant), part of GM's strategy to have production facilities in major metropolitan cities.
During World War II the plant built Stuart M-5 and M5A1 Light Tanks at 500 per month.] [
The location was under the management of GM's newly created Buick-Oldsmobile-Pontiac Assembly Division created in 1945.
These "branch" plants would build cars for distribution to a specific region.] [ By 1949 it was producing full size cars from the Chevrolet, Pontiac, Oldsmobile, Buick and Cadillac brands. During the mid-1950s it was General Motors' highest-output plant. Vehicles included the Oldsmobile 98, Pontiac Streamliner, Buick Special, and the Cadillac Series 61.
It added production of the Pontiac Tempest, Oldsmobile F-85, and Buick Special alongside the fullsize cars for 1961. When the compacts became intermediates for 1964 their production ceased at South Gate, and Chevrolet Impala fullsize production was added, after the Buick-Oldsmobile-Pontiac Assembly Division was renamed GM Assembly Division (GMAD) in 1965.
The plant was converted from full-size car production to the subcompact Chevrolet Vega for 1975. This arrangement was short-lived, and GM returned the factory to building full-size Chevrolet, Oldsmobile, and Buick B-body vehicles for 1977. The Oldsmobile and Buick were dropped and the Cadillac DeVille added for 1979. However, due to decreasing sales of the Chevrolet B-body cars, the plant was idled in March 1980.] It was then retooled once again for subcompacts, building the 1982 Chevrolet Cavalier and Cadillac Cimarron. Slow sales and efforts to reduce air quality issues resulted in the closure of the plant, with production ending on March 23, 1982.
The plant site was later environmentally remediated and used as the location for new schools, including South East High School (opened 2005), which were built by the Los Angeles Unified School District to relieve severe congestion in the existing schools of South Gate.
*List of GM factories
*General Motors Companion Make Program
*California during World War II
Category:General Motors factories
Category:Former motor vehicle assembly plants
Category:Motor vehicle assembly plants in California
Category:Manufacturing companies based in Greater Los Angeles
Category:South Gate, California
Category:Industrial buildings completed in 1936
Category:Vehicle manufacturing companies established in 1936
Category:Vehicle manufacturing companies disestablished in 1982
Category:1936 establishments in California
Category:1982 disestablishments in California
Category:Defunct companies based in Greater Los Angeles