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Seth
Seth
(Hebrew: שֵׁת‬, Modern Šēt, Tiberian Šēṯ; Arabic: شِيث‎, translit. Šīṯ; IPA: [ˈʃiːθ]; "placed; appointed"; Greek: Σήθ), in Judaism, Christianity, Mandaeism, and Islam, was the third son of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
and brother of Cain
Cain
and Abel, who were the only other of their children mentioned by name in the Tanakh
Tanakh
(Hebrew Bible). According to Genesis 4:25, Seth
Seth
was born after Abel's murder, and Eve
Eve
believed God
God
had appointed him as a replacement for Abel.

Contents

1 Genesis 2 Family tree 3 Jewish tradition 4 According to Josephus 5 Christianity 6 Islam 7 Shrine in Mosul 8 See also 9 References

Genesis[edit] According to Genesis, Seth
Seth
was born when Adam
Adam
was 130[1] years old[2] "a son in his likeness and image".[2] The genealogy is repeated at 1 Chronicles 1:1–3. Genesis 5:4–5 states that Adam
Adam
fathered "sons and daughters" before his death, aged 930 years. According to the Bible, Seth
Seth
lived to the age of 912.[3] Family tree[edit]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adam

 

Eve

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cain

 

 

 

Abel

 

 

 

Seth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enoch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kenan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mehujael

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mahalalel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Methushael

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jared

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adah

 

Lamech

 

 

 

Zillah

 

 

 

Enoch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jabal

 

Jubal

 

Tubal-Cain

 

Naamah

 

Methuselah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lamech

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shem

 

Ham

 

Japheth

Jewish tradition[edit] Seth
Seth
figures in the pseudepigraphical texts of the Life of Adam
Adam
and Eve
Eve
(the Apocalypse of Moses). It recounts the lives of Adam
Adam
and Eve from after their expulsion from the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
to their deaths. The surviving versions were composed from the early 3rd to the 5th century,[4]:252 the literary units in the work are considered to be older and predominantly of Jewish origin.[5] There is wide agreement that the original was composed in a Semitic language[4]:251 in the 1st century AD/CE.[4]:252 In the Greek versions Seth
Seth
and Eve
Eve
travel to the doors of the Garden to beg for some oil of the Tree of Mercy (i.e. the Tree of Life). On the way Seth
Seth
is attacked and bitten by a wild beast, which goes away when ordered by Seth. Michael refuses to give them the oil at that time, but promises to give it at the end of time, when all flesh will be raised up, the delights of paradise will be given to the holy people and God
God
will be in their midst. On their return, Adam
Adam
says to Eve: "What hast thou done? Thou hast brought upon us great wrath which is death." (chapters 5–14) Later only Seth
Seth
can witness the taking-up of Adam
Adam
at his funeral in a divine chariot, which deposits him in the Garden of Eden. Rashi
Rashi
(Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi) refers to Seth
Seth
as the ancestor of Noah and hence the father of all mankind, all other humans having perished in the Great Flood. In gnosticism, Seth
Seth
is seen as a replacement given by God
God
for Abel, whom Cain
Cain
had slain. It is said that late in life, Adam
Adam
gave Seth secret teachings that would become the kabbalah. The Zohar
Zohar
refers to Seth
Seth
as "ancestor of all the generations of the tzaddikim" (Hebrew: righteous ones).[6] According to Seder Olam Rabbah, based on Jewish reckoning, he was born in 130 AM. According to Aggadah, he had 33 sons and 23 daughters. According to the Seder Olam Rabbah, he died in 1042 AM. According to Josephus[edit] In the Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus
Josephus
refers to Seth
Seth
as virtuous and of excellent character, and reports that his descendants invented the wisdom of the heavenly bodies, and built the "pillars of the sons of Seth", two pillars inscribed with many scientific discoveries and inventions, notably in astronomy. They were built by Seth's descendants based on Adam's prediction that the world would be destroyed at one time by fire and another time by global flood, in order to protect the discoveries and be remembered after the destruction. One was composed of brick, and the other of stone, so that if the pillar of brick should be destroyed, the pillar of stone would remain, both reporting the ancient discoveries, and informing men that a pillar of brick was also erected. Josephus
Josephus
reports that the pillar of stone remained in the land of Siriad in his day. William Whiston, a 17/18th-century translator of the Antiquities, stated in a footnote that he believed Josephus
Josephus
mistook Seth
Seth
for Sesostris, king of Egypt, the erector of the pillar in Siriad (being a contemporary name for the territories in which Sirius
Sirius
was venerated (i.e., Egypt). He stated that there was no way for any pillars of Seth to survive the deluge, because the deluge buried all such pillars and edifices far underground in the sediment of its waters. The Perennialist writer Nigel Jackson identifies the land of Siriad in Josephus' account with Syria, citing related Mandaean legends regarding the 'Oriental Land of Shyr' in connection with the visionary mytho-geography of the prophetic traditions surrounding Seth.[7] Christianity[edit] The 2nd-century BC Book of Jubilees, regarded as noncanonical except in the Alexandrian Rite, also dates his birth to 130 AM.[8] According to it, in 231 AM Seth
Seth
married his sister, Azura, who was four years younger than he was. In the year 235 AM, Azura gave birth to Enos.[8] Seth
Seth
is commemorated as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church, along with Adam, Abel, and others, with a feast day on July 26. He is also included in the Genealogy of Jesus, according to Luke 3:23–38.[9] The Sethians
Sethians
were a Christian Gnostic
Gnostic
sect who may date their existence to before Christianity.[10] Their influence spread throughout the Mediterranean into the later systems of the Basilideans and the Valentinians.[citation needed] Their thinking, though it is predominantly Judaic in foundation, is arguably strongly influenced by Platonism. Sethians
Sethians
are so called for their veneration of the biblical Seth, who is depicted in their myths of creation as a divine incarnation; consequently, the offspring or 'posterity' of Seth
Seth
are held to comprise a superior elect within human society. Islam[edit] Although the Qur'an
Qur'an
makes no mention of Seth
Seth
he is revered within Islamic
Islamic
tradition as the third and righteous son of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
and seen as the gift bestowed on Adam
Adam
after the death of Abel. The Sunni scholar and historian ibn Kathir in his tarikh (history book), Al-Bidāya wa-n-nihāya (البداية والنهاية),[11] records that Seth, a prophet like his father Adam, transfers God's Law to mankind after the death of Adam.[12] and places him among the exalted Antediluvian
Antediluvian
patriarchs of the Generations of Adam. Some sources say that Seth
Seth
was the receiver of scriptures.[13] These scriptures are said to be the "first scriptures" mentioned in Q 87:18. Medieval historian and exegete al-Tabari and other scholars say that Seth buried Adam
Adam
and the secret texts in the tomb of Adam, i.e., the "Cave of Treasures". The Islamic
Islamic
literature holds that Seth
Seth
was born when Adam
Adam
was past 100 and that Adam
Adam
appointed Seth
Seth
as guide to his people. The 11th-century Syrian historian and translator Al-Mubashshir ibn Fātik
Al-Mubashshir ibn Fātik
recorded the maxims and aphorisms of the ancient philosophers in his book Kitāb mukhtār al-ḥikam wa-maḥāsin al-kalim[14] and included a chapter on Seth. Within Islamic
Islamic
tradition Seth
Seth
holds wisdom of several kinds; knowledge of time, prophecy of the future Great Flood, and inspiration on the methods of night prayer. Islam, Judaism
Judaism
and Christianity
Christianity
trace the genealogy of mankind back to Seth
Seth
since Abel
Abel
left no heirs and Cain's heirs, according to tradition, were destroyed by the Great Flood.[15] Many traditional Islamic
Islamic
crafts[16] are traced back to Seth, such as the making of horn combs.[17] Seth
Seth
also plays a role in Sufism, and Ibn Arabi
Ibn Arabi
includes a chapter in his Bezels of Wisdom on Seth, titled "The Wisdom of Expiration in the Word of Seth".[18] Some traditions locate Seth's tomb in the village of Al-Nabi Shayth (lit. "The Prophet
Prophet
Seth") in the mountains above the Beqaa Valley
Beqaa Valley
in Lebanon, where there is a mosque named after him. This tomb was described by the 12th-century geographer Ibn Jubayr. A rival tradition, mentioned by later medieval Arab geographers from the 13th century on, placed the tomb of Nabi Shith (" Prophet
Prophet
Seth") in the Palestinian village of Bashshit, southwest of Ramla
Ramla
village. According to the Palestine Exploration Fund, Bashshit
Bashshit
means Beit Shith, i.e. "House of Seth".[19] The village was depopulated with the establishment of the State of Israel
Israel
in 1948, but the three-domed structure said to be Seth's tomb survives in the Israeli moshav Aseret built on the site. Shrine in Mosul[edit] On July 26, 2014, forces of the Islamic
Islamic
State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) blew up Nabi Shiyt ( Prophet
Prophet
Seth) shrine in Mosul. Sami al-Massoudi, the deputy head of the Shiite endowment agency overseeing holy sites, confirmed that destruction. He added, ISIL took some of the artifacts to an unknown location.[20] See also[edit]

Saints portal Christianity
Christianity
portal Islam
Islam
portal Judaism
Judaism
portal

Set (deity)
Set (deity)
or Seth, an Egyptian deity Seth
Seth
(other)

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Seth
Seth
(Bible).

^ 130 according to the Masoretic Text; 230 according to the Septuagint. Larsson, Gerhard. “The Chronology of the Pentateuch: A Comparison of the MT and LXX.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 102, no. 3, 1983, p. 402. www.jstor.org/stable/3261014. ^ a b Genesis 5:3 ^ Genesis 5:8 ^ a b c Johnson, M.D. (1985). "Life of Adam
Adam
and Eve, a new translation and introduction". In Charlesworth, J.H. the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. 2. ISBN 0-385-18813-7.  ^ Sparks, H.F.D. (1984). The Apocryphal Old Testament. p. 143. ISBN 0-19-826177-2.  ^ Zohar
Zohar
1:36b ^ 'On the Prophethood of Seth
Seth
in the Abrahamic Traditions', Sacred Web volume 25, Summer 2010 ^ a b The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament, R.H. Charles, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913. Book of Jubilees
Book of Jubilees
4:7–13. ISBN 978-0-9747623-7-1. ^ Luke 3:23–38 ^ Turner Sethian Gnosticism: Archived 2012-12-11 at Archive.is ^ URL: http://www.australianislamiclibrary.org/al-bidaya-wan-nahaya.html ^ Stories of the Prophets, Ibn Kathir, Story of Adam
Adam
and Seth ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, Shith, Online Web. ^ "مختار الحكم ومحاسن الكلم – المكتبة الوقفية للكتب المصورة PDF".  ^ Tabari, History of the Prophets and Kings, Vol. I: Creation to the Flood ^ Sacred Art in the East and West, Titus Burckhardt, Suhail Academy Publishing, 1967, pg. 151: "Thus it is that the craft traditions, such as persisted in Islamic
Islamic
countries to the very threshold of our times, are generally said to have come down from certain pre-Islamic prophets, particularly from Seth, the third son of Adam." ^ Islam
Islam
and The Destiny of Man, Gai Eaton, Islamic
Islamic
Texts Society, 1994, pgs. 211–212: (on the traditional making of horn combs) "This craft can be traced back from apprentice to master until one reaches...Seth...It was he who first taught men and what a prophet brings – and Seth
Seth
was a prophet – must clearly have a special purpose, both outwardly and inwardly." ^ "The Bezels of Wisdom – 1980, Page 60 by Ibn al-Arabi. – Online Research Library: Questia".  ^ Palestine Exploration Fund
Palestine Exploration Fund
(PEF), 1838, p. 84. ^ "ISIS destroys Prophet
Prophet
Sheth shrine in Mosul". Al Arabiya News. 26 July 2014. 

v t e

Adam
Adam
to David
David
according to the Bible

Creation to Flood

Adam Seth Enos Kenan Mahalalel Jared Enoch Methuselah Lamech Noah Shem

Cain
Cain
line

Adam Cain Enoch Irad Mehujael Methusael Lamech Tubal-cain

Patriarchs after Flood

Arpachshad Cainan Shelah Eber Peleg Reu Serug Nahor Terah Abraham Isaac Jacob

Tribe of Judah
Tribe of Judah
to Kingdom

Judah Perez Hezron Ram Amminadab Nahshon Salmon Boaz Obed Jesse David

Names in italics only appear in the Greek Septuagint
Septuagint
version

v t e

Extra-Quranic Prophets of Islam

In Stories of the Prophets

Enoch Eber Khidr Joshua Samuel Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Ezra Daniel

In Islamic
Islamic
tradition

Seth Shem Eli Ahijah Shemaiah Iddo Hanani Jehu Micaiah Eliezer Zechariah ben Jehoiada Urijah Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah Berechiah Samī Joel Amos Obadiah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Malachi Hanzalah Khaled bin Sinan

In Quranic exegesis

Abel Saduq, Masduq, and Shalum Hosea Zechariah, son of Berechiah

v t e

Adam
Adam
and Eve

Source

Genesis creation narrative
Genesis creation narrative
in the Book of Genesis Adam Eve

Offspring

Cain
Cain
and Abel Aclima Seth Awan Azura

Television

"Probe 7, Over and Out" (1963)

Film

Mama's Affair
Mama's Affair
(1921) Good Morning, Eve!
Good Morning, Eve!
(1934) The Broken Jug
The Broken Jug
(1937) The Original Sin (1948) The Private Lives of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1960) El pecado de Adán y Eva
El pecado de Adán y Eva
(1969) La Biblia en pasta
La Biblia en pasta
(1984) The Annunciation (1984) Adipapam
Adipapam
(1988) Adam
Adam
(1992) Man's Best Friend (1998) Babs (2000) The Last Eve
Eve
(2005) Year One (2009) The Tragedy of Man
The Tragedy of Man
(2011) Adam
Adam
and Dog (2011) Tropico (2013)

Plays

Le Jeu d' Adam
Adam
(12th century) The Broken Jug
The Broken Jug
(1808) The Tragedy of Man
The Tragedy of Man
(1861) The Creation of the World and Other Business
The Creation of the World and Other Business
(1972)

Musicals

The Apple Tree
The Apple Tree
(1966) Dude (1972) Up from Paradise
Up from Paradise
(1973) Children of Eden
Children of Eden
(1991)

Compositions

The Creation (1798)

structure

La mort d' Adam
Adam
(1809) Ève
Ève
(1875) Genesis Suite
Genesis Suite
(1945) Lilith (2001)

Literature

Apocalypse of Adam Book of Moses Book of Abraham Books of Adam Book of the Penitence of Adam Cave of Treasures "El y Ella" Genesis A
Genesis A
and Genesis B Harrowing of Hell Life of Adam
Adam
and Eve Testament of Adam Testimony of Truth
Testimony of Truth
(3rd century) Conflict of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
with Satan (6th century) "Old Saxon Genesis" (9th century) " Adam
Adam
lay ybounden" (15th century) Paradise Lost
Paradise Lost
(1667) Le Dernier Homme
Le Dernier Homme
(1805) Extracts from Adam's Diary
Extracts from Adam's Diary
(1904) Eve's Diary
Eve's Diary
(1905) The Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
(2009)

Art

Bernward Doors
Bernward Doors
(1015) Tapestry of Creation
Tapestry of Creation
(11th century) Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
(1425) Vienna Diptych
Vienna Diptych
(15th century) The Last Judgment (1482) The Garden of Earthly Delights
The Garden of Earthly Delights
(1504) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1507) Paradise and Hell
Paradise and Hell
(1510) The Creation of Adam
Adam
(1512) The Haywain Triptych
The Haywain Triptych
(1516) Eve, the Serpent and Death
Eve, the Serpent and Death
(1510s or 1520s) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1528) The Fall of Man (1550) Maps of ancient Israel The Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
with the Fall of Man (1617) The Fall of Man (1628) The Four Seasons (1660s) The Koren Picture- Bible
Bible
(1692–1696) The First Mourning
The First Mourning
(1888) Eve
Eve
(1931) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1932) The Serpent Chooses Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1958) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1992)

Songs

"Dese Bones G'wine Rise Again" "Adam-ondi-Ahman" (1835) "Forbidden Fruit" (1915) "The Garden of Eden" (1956) "Let's Give Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
Another Chance" (1970) "Man Gave Names to All the Animals" (1979)

Albums

The Cainian Chronicle
The Cainian Chronicle
(1996) Visions of Eden
Visions of Eden
(2006)

Other cultures

Adam– God
God
doctrine Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(LDS Church) Adam
Adam
in Islam Adam
Adam
in rabbinic literature Al-A'raf Book of Moses Endowment Manu (Hinduism) Mashya and Mashyana Serpent seed Tree of Jiva and Atman Tree of life (Quran) Our Lady of Endor Coven

Geography

Adam-ondi-Ahman Tomb of Eve

Biology

Mitochondrial Eve Y-chromosomal Adam The Real Eve

Story within a story

Doraemon: Nobita's Diary of the Creation of the World Island of Love The Visitors

Games

Demon: The Fallen (2002)

Related theology

Fall of man Original sin Garden of Eden Tree of the knowledge of good and evil Serpents in the Bible Forbidden fruit

Apple Fig leaf

Figs in the Bible Adam's ale Adamic language Rosh Hashanah Camael Shamsiel Tree of life Allegorical interpretations of Genesis

Other

Pre-Adamite Generations of Adam Cave of the Patriarchs "In-A-Gadda-Da-Leela" "Simpsons Bible
Bible
Stories" Second Time Lucky Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
cylinder seal Timeline of Genesis patriarchs Genealogies of Genesis Carnal knowledge Legend of the Rood

Ystorya Adaf

Snakes for the Divine Ransom theory of atonement

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 75696666 LCCN: n2003103

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