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Motto(s): Membangun Bangsa Memakmur Negeri [1] (Building a prosperous nation)

Anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Your Royal Highness

   Selangor
Selangor
in    Malaysia

Coordinates: 3°20′N 101°30′E / 3.333°N 101.500°E / 3.333; 101.500Coordinates: 3°20′N 101°30′E / 3.333°N 101.500°E / 3.333; 101.500

Capital Shah Alam

Royal capital Klang

Government

 • Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin
Sultan Sharafuddin
Idris Shah

 • Menteri Besar Mohamed Azmin Ali
Mohamed Azmin Ali
(PKR)

Area[3]

 • Total 8,104 km2 (3,129 sq mi)

Population
Population
(2017)[4]

 • Total 6,320,100 (1st) [2]

 • Demonym Selangorean / Selangorian

Human Development Index

 • HDI (2010) 0.810 (very high) (3rd)

Postal code 40xxx to 48xxx, 63xxx, 640xx, 68xxx

Calling code 03

ISO 3166 code MY-10

Vehicle registration B

Federated into FMS 1895

Japanese occupation 1942

Accession into the Federation of Malaya 1948

Independence as part of the Federation of Malaya 31 August 1957

Website www.selangor.gov.my www.selangorku.com

Selangor
Selangor
(/səˈlæŋə/; Malay: [s(ə)laŋo(r)]),[5] also known by its Arabic honorific Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity", is one of the 13 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
and is bordered by Perak
Perak
to the north, Pahang
Pahang
to the east, Negeri Sembilan
Negeri Sembilan
to the south and the Strait of Malacca
Strait of Malacca
to the west. It surrounds the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
and Putrajaya, both of which were previously part of Selangor. The state capital is Shah Alam, while Klang serves as the royal capital. Another major city is Petaling Jaya, which was awarded city status in 2006. Selangor
Selangor
is one of only three Malaysian states with more than one city; the other two are Sarawak
Sarawak
and Johor.[6][7] The state of Selangor
Selangor
has the largest economy in Malaysia
Malaysia
in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) with RM 239.968 billion (roughly USD 55.5 billion) in 2015, making up 22.6% of the total GDP of Malaysia.[8] This state is also the most developed in Malaysia
Malaysia
with good infrastructure such as highways and transport. The state also has the largest population in Malaysia, with a high standard of living and the lowest poverty rate in the country.[9]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Population
Population
and demographics

3.1 Ethnic groups 3.2 Religion

4 Politics

4.1 Constitution 4.2 Selangor
Selangor
Sultanate 4.3 State Executive Council 4.4 State Assembly

5 Administration

5.1 List of districts 5.2 List of local authorities

6 Economy

6.1 Commerce and industry 6.2 Agriculture

7 Tourism 8 Transportation

8.1 Extensions to the LRT network

9 Education

9.1 Public universities 9.2 Private universities and university colleges 9.3 International universities campus in Selangor

10 Shopping Malls 11 Hospitals 12 Cuisine 13 Media

13.1 Television 13.2 Radio 13.3 Newspapers

14 Image gallery 15 See also 16 References 17 External links

Etymology[edit] The origin of the name Selangor
Selangor
is lost in history, and there are many suggestions for its origin. Some sources claim the name refers to the Malay word langau, a large fly or blowfly that may be found in the marshes along the Selangor River in the state's northwest. Legend has it that after the Portuguese conquest of Malacca, a warrior who escaped from Malacca
Malacca
rested under a tree here and was disturbed by a persistent fly, and when he chose to settled here, he named the place "satu (se) langau" meaning "a large blowfly". Another suggestion is that the name came from a kind of tree named mentangau found in Kuala Selangor.[10][11] Another theory claims the state's name is derived from the term Selang Ur meaning "land of the straits" (according to this theory, selang means "straits"[citation needed] in the Malay language
Malay language
and ur means "town" in Tamil.) Aur (which sounds similar to ur) also means river in Malay. Hence, Selangor
Selangor
may mean 'river straits'. A major problem with this hypothesis is that the word "selang" does not in fact mean "strait" in Malay, not even in obsolete usage according to the Kamus Dewan;[12] the proper word for "strait" is selat. Another possible origin of the name is from combination of the words Sela and Ngor (sela means 'a gap' [13] and ngor means 'bamboo'[citation needed]). It may be possible that the banks of the Selangor River was full of bamboo groves in the distant past. However bamboo do not grow well in the marshy soil of the lower reaches of the river. It is also possible that the word Selangor
Selangor
is an Orang Asli term as some rivers have Orang Asli
Orang Asli
names, e.g. Damansara river.[citation needed] History[edit]

The Klang Bell, dated 200 BC–200 AD

Selangor
Selangor
has been inhabited for a long time, and the most important settlement may have been Klang. Ancient artefacts have been found in or near Klang, including Bronze Age
Bronze Age
axes and bronze bell dating from the 2nd century BC,[14][15][16] and iron tools called "tulang mawas" ("ape bones").[17] In the Mao Kun map
Mao Kun map
dating to the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
and used by the Admiral Zheng He
Zheng He
during his voyages of expedition between 1405 and 1433 refers to places in Selangor
Selangor
such as the Klang River estuary (吉令港) and perhaps a hilly area in Selangor (吉那大山).[18] The Malay Annals indicates that the Selangor
Selangor
area was under the control of the Sultanate of Malacca
Sultanate of Malacca
in the 15th century, however Selangor
Selangor
at that time was not a unified domain, rather separate river states existed in the region, such as Klang and Jeram.[17] According to the Malay Annals, Tun Perak
Perak
was appointed the chief of Klang during the reign of Muzaffar Shah. Later the son of Mansur Shah and Hang Li Po named Paduka Sri Cina was made raja of Jeram near Langat, which may be due to presence of Chinese miners there.[17] After the fall of Malacca
Malacca
to the Portuguese in 1511, the area came under the control of Johor
Johor
Sultanate, and was later governed by Sri Agar Diraja, son of the Bendahara
Bendahara
family of Johor.[19] In the 17th century, Johor
Johor
was involved in a war against Jambi, and the Sultan of Johor
Johor
engaged the help of Bugis
Bugis
mercenaries from Sulawesi
Sulawesi
to fight against Jambi.[20] After Johor
Johor
won in 1679, the Bugis
Bugis
decided to stay and started to gain power in the region.[21] The Bugis
Bugis
began to migrate and settle in the interior of Selangor
Selangor
that was then largely uninhabited. The Bugis
Bugis
and the Minangkabaus from Sumatra
Sumatra
became engaged in a struggle for control of Johor, and Raja Kecil backed by the Minangkabaus then invaded Selangor, but was driven off by the Bugis
Bugis
in 1742. In order to establish a power base, the Bugis
Bugis
led by Raja Salehuddin then founded the present hereditary Selangor Sultanate.[22] Selangor
Selangor
is unique as the only state in the Malay Peninsula founded by the Bugis.[23] In some places, the Bugis displaced earlier Minangkabau settlers.[24]

The Kota Darul Ehsan
Kota Darul Ehsan
arch over the Federal Highway, which was built to commemorate the cession of Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
by Selangor
Selangor
to the federal government to form a Federal Territory.

In the 19th century, the economy boomed due to the exploitation of huge tin reserves with mining in various parts of Selangor, for example in Ampang that led to the growth of Kuala Lumpur. In 1854, the Sultan of Selangor
Sultan of Selangor
granted Raja Abdullah the control of Klang, passing over Raja Mahdi, the son of the chief who previously ruled Klang. This would eventually led to the Selangor Civil War
Selangor Civil War
of 1867 to 1874, which was partly a struggle for control of the revenues from tin.[25] Tin Mining also attracted a large influx of Chinese migrant labourers. Chinese clan allied with Selangor
Selangor
chiefs, joined the civil war. The conflicts between Malay as well as Chinese factions in Perak
Perak
and Selangor, as well as concerns over piracy that ravaged coastal trade, drew increasing British involvement in the affairs of the Malay states.[26] In 1874, Sultan Adbul Samad of Selangor
Selangor
accepted a British Resident in a system allowed the British to govern while the Sultan remained the apparent ruler. Under the stability imposed by the British, Selangor
Selangor
again prospered. In 1896, largely through the co-ordination of the Resident, Frank Swettenham, Selangor
Selangor
united with Negeri Sembilan, Perak
Perak
and Pahang
Pahang
to form the Federated Malay States, with its capital in Kuala Lumpur.[27] The Federated Malay States
Federated Malay States
evolved into the Federation of Malaya
Federation of Malaya
in 1948, which became independent in 1957, and Malaysia
Malaysia
in 1963. The city of Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
functioned as both the national capital of Malaysia and the state capital of Selangor. In 1974, Selangor
Selangor
relinquished Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
to the federal government.[28] The Sultan of Selangor commemorated Selangor's sacrifice by building an archway on the borders of the new Federal Territory and Selangor; this archway is the Kota Darul Ehsan
Kota Darul Ehsan
that now towers over a section of the Federal Highway between Bangsar
Bangsar
and Petaling Jaya. The state capital was moved to Shah Alam after the cession. Putrajaya, a new city designed to be the new administrative capital of Malaysia, was built by the federal government in Selangor. Sultan Salahuddin was asked again to cede land to the federal government. Putrajaya
Putrajaya
became a federal territory in 2001. Population
Population
and demographics[edit]

Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque
Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque
or Blue Mosque in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

Selangor
Selangor
is Malaysia's most populous state with the nation's biggest conurbation, the Klang Valley. Selangor's geographical position in the centre of Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
contributed to the state's rapid development as Malaysia's transportation and industrial hub. This created jobs and attracted migrants from other states as well as overseas, especially from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and China. In recent decades, the influx of illegal immigrants, particularly from Indonesia, has further contributed to Selangor's population. Selangor
Selangor
has the largest population in Malaysia, and has shown considerable increase in recent decades due in large part to the development of the Klang Valley. The population was 1,426,250 in 1980, and by 2000 it had more than doubled to 3,941,316,[29] and further increased to 5,482,141 in 2010.[30] As of 2015, its population is 5,874,100.[4] Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic Group Population

2010[30] 2015[4]

Malay 2,814,597 51.34% 3,069,100 52.24%

Other Bumiputras 62,657 1.14% 77,500 1.32%

Bumiputra
Bumiputra
total 2,877,254 52.48% 3,146,600 53.57%

Chinese 1,441,774 28.6% 1,499,400 25.52%

Indian 679,130 13.5% 712,000 12.12%

Others 42,163 0.8% 41,400 0.70%

Malaysian total 5,040,321 92.20% 5,399,400 91.92%

Non-Malaysian 421,820 7.80% 474,700 8.08%

Total 5,482,141 100.00% 5,874,100 100.00%

The traditional culture of Selangor's Malay majority is influenced by those of Bugis, Minangkabau, Mandailing
Mandailing
and Javanese, Banjar, Rawanese and Bengkulu ancestry, most of whom are Muslims. Javanese ancestry were dominant in west coast district such as Sabak Bernam, Kuala Selangor, Klang, Kuala Langat
Kuala Langat
and Sepang. Selangor's population also has ethnic Chinese and Indian influences; those two groups have the larger minority populations. The 3,000 Mah Meri people, part of the Orang Asli
Orang Asli
or the indigenous peoples of the Peninsula can be found in Carey Island
Carey Island
and still maintain their culture and language while adapting the modern way of life. With its advanced state of development, Selangor
Selangor
has more international ties through trade, business and education than other rural states.[citation needed]. Religion[edit]

Religion in Selangor
Selangor
- 2010 Census[31]

religion

percent

Islam

57.9%

Buddhism

24.4%

Hinduism

11.6%

Christianity

3.8%

Unknown / None

1.0%

Chinese Ethnic Religion

0.5%

Others

0.4%

No Religion

0.4%

Batu Caves, one of the most popular Hindu
Hindu
shrines outside India, and is dedicated to Lord Murugan.

As of 2010 Census the population of Selangor
Selangor
is 57.9% Muslim, 24.4% Buddhist, 11.6% Hindu, 3.8% Christian, 1% of unknown affiliations, 0.5% Taoist or Chinese religion adherent, 0.4% follower of other religions, and 0.4% non-religious.[31] All Malays are necessarily Muslims as the definition of a "Malay" in the Malaysian constitution requires a Malay to profess the religion of Islam.[32] Politics[edit] The state is a hereditary constitutional monarchy, of which the reigning Sultan (since 2001) is Sultan Sharafuddin
Sultan Sharafuddin
Idris Shah. Since 23 September 2014, the Menteri Besar
Menteri Besar
(chief executive of the state government) is YAB Mohamed Azmin Ali, of the People's Justice Party (PKR) portion of Pakatan Rakyat. Constitution[edit] The Constitution
Constitution
of the State of Selangor
Selangor
came into force on 26 February 1959. The constitution is separated into two parts. Under the 1959 constitution, Selangor
Selangor
is a constitutional monarchy. Selangor
Selangor
Sultanate[edit]

The palace of the Sultan of Selangor
Sultan of Selangor
in Klang.

Main article: Sultan of Selangor The Sultan of Selangor
Sultan of Selangor
is the constitutional Ruler of Selangor. The role, powers and duties of the Sultan are set forth in the constitution of 1959. The constitution proclaims that the office of Sultan is vested with the executive power of the state, is the head of the religion of Islam
Islam
in the state and the "fountain of honours and dignities" in the state. This position is hereditary and can only be held by a member of Selangor's royal family. The current ruler is His Royal Highness Sultan Sharafuddin
Sultan Sharafuddin
Idris Shah, who has held this position since 2001. State Executive Council[edit] The State Executive Council, which along with the Sultan is Selangor's executive branch of government, was established by the constitution of 1959. It is composed of the Menteri Besar, who is its chairman and Selangor's head of government, and ten other members. The Menteri Besar and other members of the council are appointed by the Sultan of Selangor
Selangor
from members of the State Assembly. The current Menteri Besar is Yang AmatBerhormat Datuk Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali. See also: List of Chief Ministers of Selangor State Assembly[edit] The state also has a legislative branch, called the Selangor
Selangor
State Assembly. It is similar to the Parliament but is limited to making laws relating to the state. Its members are elected in elections which are usually held simultaneously with federal elections. The term of each state assembly member is limited to five years. The state assembly must be dissolved before or once it expires its term for a fresh election to elect its members. See also: Breakdown of State Seats Representatives elected 2013 Administration[edit] List of districts[edit]

Number Name Population[33] Area (km²) Sub-districts Note

Administrative districts of Selangor.

1 Gombak 682,226 650.08[34] Ulu Klang, Ampang, Setapak, Batu Caves, Selayang, Rawang, Taman Templer, Sungai Buloh, Kundang, Batu 20, Kampung Sungai Pusu The meaning of Gombak
Gombak
is unknown but it is believed that the name comes from a village in Setapak
Setapak
called gombak ( Gombak
Gombak
Setia). The district was created on February 1, 1974, the same day when Kuala Lumpur was declared a Federal Territory. Gombak
Gombak
is one of the few districts that has many cities and all of its sub-districts are cities except Batu 20, Kampung Sungai Pusu, and Setapak. Popular tourism places include Zoo Negara, Batu Caves, and Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

2 Hulu Langat 1,156,585 829.44[35] Kajang, Beranang, Cheras, Hulu Langat, Hulu Semenyih, Kelanang, Tanjong 12, Tarun, Sungai Makau, Sungai Lui, Sungai Kembong Beranang, Sri nanding, Simpang Balak, Rumah Murah Sungai Lui, Kampung Sungai Tangkas, Kacau, Kampung Pasir Batu 14 Semenyih, Desa Raya, Sungai Raya, Batu 26, Batu 23. The name Hulu Langat means the beginning of Langat River. Hulu Langat has many major cities which are mostly located in the north of the district such as Cheras and Kajang. Popular tourism places includes Sungai Congkak Recreational Forest[36] and Gabai River.[37]

3 Hulu Selangor 198,132 1,740.46[38] Kuala Kubu Bharu, Sungai Chick, Ulu Yam, Ulu Yam Baru, Kerling, Kuala Kalumpang, Sungai Gumut, Serendah, Peretak, Sungai Choh The name Hulu Selangor
Selangor
means the beginning of river of selangor. Hulu Selangor
Selangor
have a city but majority of the settlements in the district are villages. The district is still largely covered with forests. Popular tourism places include Bukit Kutu,[39] and Kerling Hot Spring.[40]

4 Klang 861,189 626.78[41] Klang, Kapar, Bukit Raja, Port Klang, Pandamaran, Telok Menegun, Taman Sri Muda, Kota Kemuning, Bukit Kemuning, Batu 4. The origin of the Klang name is unknown. The Royal Town of Klang, which is also the former capital of the state. Port Klang
Port Klang
played major rolled in Malaysia
Malaysia
economy. There are many popular tourism places in the district such as Istana Alam Shah, Klang Royal Town Mosque, Sultan Abdul Aziz Royal Gallery, Tanjung Harapan, Pulau Ketam
Pulau Ketam
and Little India.[42]

5 Kuala Langat 224,648 858[43] Bandar Saujana Putra, Jenjarom, Kanchong Darat, Sijangkang, Tongkah, Teluk Datok, Telok, Sungai Raba, Morib, Permatang Pasir, Kelanang Batu 6, Kanchong, Chodoi, Bukit Changgang, Batu, Jugra Kuala Langat
Kuala Langat
name derives from the combination of the word "Kuala" which means the meeting between two or more river and Langat from Langat River. Popular tourism places includes Jugra and Morib.

6 Kuala Selangor 209,590 1,194.52[44] Api-api, Kuala Selangor, Bukit Melawati, Ijok, Kampung Kuantan, Kuala Sungai Buloh, Pasangan, Ulu Tinggi, Ujong Permatang, Tambak Jawa, Taman PKNS, Sungai Sembilang, Simpang 3 Ijok, Pasir Penambang, Simpang 3, Parit Mahang, Kg. Baru Hulu Tiram Buruk, Bukit Talang, Bukit Belimbing. The word "Kuala" means the meeting between two or more river while the word Selangor
Selangor
comes from the name of the river located in the district, Selangor
Selangor
River.[45] The combination of two words generates the name Kuala Selangor.[46] Popular place to visit includes Bukit Melawati,[47] Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor
Nature Park and Kampung Kuantan Fireflies.[48]

7 Petaling 1,812,633 484.32[49] Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, Shah Alam, Damansara, Bandar Sri Damansara, Country Heights, Puchong, Puchong Jaya, Puchong Perdana, Batu Tiga, Sungai Besi, Serdang, Glenmaire, Penaga, Merbau Sempak, Kayu Ara, Desa Puchong. The name Petaling comes from an extincted species of tree called Petaling.[50] Petaling has many major cities such as Petaling Jaya, Shah Alam, and Subang Jaya. Popular tourism places include Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque, Bandar Sunway, and 1 Utama

8 Sabak Bernam 105,777 997.1[51] Sabak, Sungai Besar, Sekinchan. The name Sabak Bernam
Sabak Bernam
comes from the story that this place is opened by six friend (Malay : Sahabat berenam).[52] Sabak Bernam
Sabak Bernam
main economic activity is agriculture and it is popular for its paddy fields especially in Sekinchan.[53]

9 Sepang 211,361 599.66[54] Puchong, Bukit Puchong 2, 16 Sierra, Taman Putra Prima, Taman Mas, Taman Putra Perdana, Taman Meranti Jaya, Pulau Meranti, Cyberjaya, Dengkil, Beranang, Salak Tinggi. The name Sepang is taken from a tree called Sepang.[55] Popular tourism places include Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur International Airport and Cyberjaya.

List of local authorities[edit] There are 12 local authorities in Selangor,[56] namely:

Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya
Petaling Jaya
(MBPJ)[57] Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam
Shah Alam
(MBSA)[58] Majlis Daerah Hulu Selangor
Majlis Daerah Hulu Selangor
(MDHS)[59] Majlis Daerah Kuala Langat
Kuala Langat
(MDKL)[60] Majlis Daerah Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor
(MDKS)[61] Majlis Daerah Sabak Bernam
Sabak Bernam
(MDSB)[62] Majlis Perbandaran Ampang Jaya (MPAJ)[63] Majlis Perbandaran Kajang
Kajang
(MPKJ)[64] Majlis Perbandaran Klang (MPK)[65] Majlis Perbandaran Selayang
Selayang
(MPS)[66] Majlis Perbandaran Sepang (MPSepang)[67] Majlis Perbandaran Subang Jaya
Subang Jaya
(MPSJ)[68]

Economy[edit]

Northport Malaysia
Malaysia
Wharf in Port Klang.

The economy of Selangor
Selangor
is constituted by a progressive market economy. The core sectors of Selangor's economy are commerce and agriculture. Selangor
Selangor
is the richest state in the country in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita (PPP).[69] On 27 August 2005, Selangor
Selangor
was officially declared the first developed state in Malaysia by the then state government.[70] Selangor
Selangor
has a recorded highest Human Development Index
Human Development Index
among the states in Malaysia. Commerce and industry[edit] Commerce, industry and services are a major contributor to the economy of Selangor, as it accounted for over 58% of the state's GDP. It has several industrial sites that produce electronic goods, chemicals and automotive vehicles, such as Proton and Perodua
Perodua
cars.[71][72][73] Imported vehicles are also assembled in the state, such as Toyota, Nissan, Volkswagen, BMW
BMW
Motors, Peugeot, Porsche, Volvo
Volvo
and many more.[74][75][76][77][78][79][80] Many international factories that are represented in the country have set up their bases here. Among the industrial cities in Selangor
Selangor
are Subang Jaya, Shah Alam, Klang, Kajang, Rawang, Selayang, Ampang Jaya and Petaling Jaya. Port Klang
Port Klang
plays a key factor in the industrial development of Selangor
Selangor
as it is the busiest port in Malaysia. Selangor
Selangor
attracts foreign investors as well. The services sector is the second largest contributor to GDP of 38% of the state. Agriculture[edit] Alongside industries, agriculture is a thriving sector of Selangor's economy. Agriculture contributed to 3.1% of the state's GDP. Selangor is a significant state involved in the cultivation and growth of star fruits, papayas and bananas. While the state is not a major producer of rice, the paddy fields in Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor
and Sabak Bernam contribute to the development of the district. Other agricultural activities that are conducted in Selangor
Selangor
include the establishment of palm oil and rubber plantation sites. Tourism[edit]

Sepang International Circuit in Sepang

1 Utama
1 Utama
Shopping Centre in Petaling Jaya
Petaling Jaya
is the largest shopping mall in Malaysia

Famous tourist attractions in Selangor
Selangor
include the I-City
I-City
in Shah Alam, a retail and commercial hub with millions of LED lights and a snowalk indoor park; the National Zoo of Malaysia
Malaysia
(Zoo Negara) in Ampang Jaya, the largest zoo in Malaysia
Malaysia
with more than 4,000 animals; Sepang International Circuit in Sepang, the venue for the Formula One Malaysian Grand Prix, the A1 Grand Prix and the Malaysian Motorcycle Grand Prix; the Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Mosque, one of the most stunning architectures in the country,[81] and Sunway Lagoon
Sunway Lagoon
in Bandar Sunway, Malaysia's top theme park. Other theme parks in Selangor
Selangor
include Mines Wonderland
Mines Wonderland
in Sri Kembangan
Sri Kembangan
and Wet World Water Park in Shah Alam. Other attractions in Selangor
Selangor
include Batu Caves
Batu Caves
in Selayang, Shah Alam's Blue Mosque, Shah Alam
Shah Alam
Gallery, High 5 Bread Town and Selangor State Library in Shah Alam, the Sultan Abdul Aziz Royal Gallery, Alam Shah Palace, GM Klang Wholesale City and Crab Island (Pulau Ketam) off Port Klang. The most popular beaches in Selangor
Selangor
are located at Bagan Lalang, Sepang Gold Coast, Batu Laut Beach and Morib Beach. There are also a number of pristine nature sites such as the Firefly Sanctuary, Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor
Nature Park in Kuala Selangor; Malaysia
Malaysia
Agriculture Park Bukit Cerakah in Shah Alam; Commonwealth Forest Park and Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Malaysia
(FRIM) in Selayang; Ampang Recreational Forest and Kanching Recreational Forest in Ampang Jaya. The larger towns and cities in Selangor
Selangor
consist of various shopping malls that are frequented by tourists and locals, such as 1 Utama
1 Utama
in Bandar Utama; The Curve, e@Curve (formerly known as Cineleisure Damansara), Ikano Power Centre and IKEA
IKEA
in Mutiara Damansara; Tropicana City Mall
Tropicana City Mall
in Damansara Utama; Paradigm Mall in Kelana Jaya; Sunway Pyramid
Sunway Pyramid
in Bandar Sunway; Mines Wonderland
Mines Wonderland
in Seri Kembangan; Subang Parade, Empire Subang
Empire Subang
and Summit USJ in Subang Jaya; IOI Mall in Puchong; ÆON Bukit Tinggi Shopping Centre
ÆON Bukit Tinggi Shopping Centre
and ÆON Bukit Raja Shopping Centre in Klang; Setia City Mall, Plaza Alam Sentral and SACC Mall in Shah Alam. Selangor
Selangor
is also well known to be a haven to massage and spa lovers.[82] Since 2009 there has been a spike in the increase of business operating as traditional massage and reflexology parlors. While most of the businesses are genuine there are some brothels masquerading as massage parlors or spas. The Royal Malaysian Police frequently raid such establishments when they receive tip-offs from the public.[83] Recently OPS NODA was launched by the Malaysian police to curb the growth of prostitution in Selangor.[84] Despite effort by the Malaysian Police prostitution is on the rise in Selangor
Selangor
and continues to attract clientele as far away as Singapore.[85][86][87]

Transportation[edit]

Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier in KLIA Sepang

The cable-stayed bridge of Damansara– Puchong Expressway

Selangor
Selangor
is linked to the rest of Malaysia
Malaysia
by comprehensive air, road and rail connections. Public transportation is represented in Selangor, although it is underutilised. Most of the major highways that run through the West Coast of the peninsula, including the North–South Expressway, serve Selangor
Selangor
as well. The high speed roadways, or expressways are tolled roadways, and motorists using these expressways could pay the toll fare using only stored value cards such as Touch 'n Go
Touch 'n Go
and SmartTAG. Cash transactions at all tolls in the country were ended in stages between 2015 and 2017. Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
International Airport (KLIA), the country's primary airport, is located in Sepang District in the south of the state. KLIA consists of KLIA Main Terminal Building, Satellite terminal A and klia2. Selangor
Selangor
also has a domestic airport Subang Airport which is the premier hub for corporate and private aviation in Southeast Asia. Port Klang, which is the busiest gateway into Malaysia
Malaysia
by sea, is located at the western tip of Selangor. The KTM Komuter
KTM Komuter
railway network services many outlying districts and nearby towns and cities such as Kajang, Port Klang, Shah Alam, Subang Jaya, Petaling Jaya, Rawang, etc. It is also linked to other rail transit services at the KL Sentral Station, a modern transportation hub in the city centre. Selangor
Selangor
is accessible by the Rapid KL Light Rail Transit network, which comprises the Ampang Line
Ampang Line
and the Kelana Jaya Line, as well as the newly-completed Sungai Buloh- Kajang
Kajang
Mass Rapid Transit Network. Extensions to the LRT network[edit] On 29 August 2006, Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the western end of the Kelana Jaya
Kelana Jaya
Line would be extended to the suburbs of Bandar Sunway, Subang Jaya, UEP Subang Jaya (USJ) and Putra Heights. The extension will be part of a RM7 billion plan to expand Kuala Lumpur's public transport network. The expansion plan will also see the Ampang Line
Ampang Line
extended to the suburb of Puchong and the south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The plan also involved the construction of an entirely new line, tentatively called the Kota Damansara-Cheras Line, running from Sungai Buloh
Sungai Buloh
in the northwestern flank of the city, to Kajang. In September 2009, Syarikat Prasarana Negara
Syarikat Prasarana Negara
began a public viewing for the details of the alignment for the Ampang Line
Ampang Line
and Kelana Jaya Line at various locations. The public are able to provide feedback based on the route during the 3 months display period. The extension will see the Kelana Jaya
Kelana Jaya
Line and Ampang Line
Ampang Line
adding 13 new stations and 17.7 km of new track to its network. The new terminus will be at Putra Heights
Putra Heights
where the line will meet the Kelana Jaya
Kelana Jaya
Line and Ampang Line
Ampang Line
to provide a suburban interchange. Construction began in mid 2013 and was fully operational by July 2016.

Education[edit] Selangor
Selangor
has several tertiary education institutions. Most of these education institutions are concentrated in major towns and cities in Selangor. There are many institutions of higher learning based in the state, thus making the Selangor
Selangor
state the largest higher education sector in Malaysia. Selangor
Selangor
is the state that has the most universities, which is more than 20 public and private universities are based in this state. The list below represents public and private university based in Selangor
Selangor
state:

An aerial view of Multimedia University's Cyberjaya
Cyberjaya
campus. Multimedia University is Malaysia's first private university.

The main building of the University of Nottingham's Malaysian Campus in Semenyih.

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology
Limkokwing University of Creative Technology
in Cyberjaya

Public universities[edit]

Name Acronym Foundation Location

International Islamic University of Malaysia IIUM 1983 Gombak

Universiti Teknologi MARA UiTM 1999 Shah Alam
Shah Alam
, Puncak Alam

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia UKM 1970 Bangi

Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM 1971 Serdang

Private universities and university colleges[edit]

Name Acronym Foundation Location

Al-Madinah International University MEDIU 2006 Shah Alam

Binary University of Management and Entrepreneurship BUCME 1984 Puchong

City University College of Science and Technology CITY UC 1984 Petaling Jaya

Cyberjaya
Cyberjaya
University College of Medical Sciences CUCMS 2005 Cyberjaya

University of Selangor UNISEL 1999 Bestari Jaya & Shah Alam[88]

INTI International College Subang INTI 1998 Subang Jaya

International University College Of Technology Twintech TWINTECH 1994 Bangi

KDU University College KDU 1983 Damansara Utama

Infrastructure University Kuala Lumpur IUKL 1997 Kajang

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology LUCT 1992 Cyberjaya

German-Malaysian Institute GMi 1991 Bangi

Malaysian Allied Health Sciences Academy University MAHSA 2005 Bandar Saujana Putra
Bandar Saujana Putra
and Petaling Jaya

University of Science and Technology MUST 2000 Petaling Jaya

Management and Science University MSU 2002 Shah Alam

UCSI University UCSI 1986 Cheras

Asia Metropolitan University MASTERSKILL 1997 Cheras

Multimedia University MMU 1994 Cyberjaya

SEGi University SEGi 1977 Kota Damansara
Kota Damansara
& Subang Jaya

International Islamic University College Selangor KUIS 1995 Bangi

Sunway University SYUC 1987 Subang Jaya

Taylor's University TAYLOR 1969 Subang Jaya

University of Tenaga Nasional UNITEN 1976 Kajang

Tun Abdul Razak University UNIRAZAK 1998 Petaling Jaya

Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman UTAR 2002 Sungai Long

International universities campus in Selangor[edit]

Name Acronym Foundation Location From

Monash University
Monash University
Malaysia Monash 1998 Subang Jaya Australia

University of Nottingham
University of Nottingham
Malaysia
Malaysia
Campus UNMC 2000 Semenyih United Kingdom

Xiamen University
Xiamen University
Malaysia
Malaysia
Campus XMUMC 2015 Salak Tinggi China

Shopping Malls[edit] There are various shopping malls scattered across Selangor:

1 Utama Sunway Pyramid The Curve IKEA
IKEA
Damansara Bangi Getaway AEON Bukit Raja AEON Bukit Tinggi AEON Rawang Anggun AEON Shah Alam AEON Cheras Selatan Shopping Centre The Mines IPC Shopping Centre IOI Mall Puchong CITTA Mall Tropicana Mall Paradigm Mall The Strand Subang Parade Empire Subang Empire Damansara Setia City Mall The Summit USJ Melawati Mall Klang Parade

Hospitals[edit] There are public hospitals and private hospitals in Selangor: Public Hospitals

Kajang
Kajang
Hospital Serdang Hospital Sungai Buloh
Sungai Buloh
Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah Hospital, Klang Selayang
Selayang
Hospital Ampang Hospital Banting
Banting
Hospital Hospital Tengku Ampuan Jemaah, Sabak Bernam Tanjung Karang
Tanjung Karang
Hospital Kuala Kubu Baharu Hospital Shah Alam
Shah Alam
Hospital

Private Hospitals

Alpha Specialist Centre Assunta Hospital Subang Jaya
Subang Jaya
Medical Centre Beacon International Specialist Centre BP Specialist Centre Columbia Asia Hospital DEMC Specialist Hospital Shah Alam Golden Horses Health Sanctuary KPJ Ampang Puteri Specialist Hospital KPJ Damansara Specialist Hospital KPJ Kajang
Kajang
Specialist Hospital KPJ Klang Specialist Hospital KPJ Selangor
Selangor
Specialist Hospital Lifecare Diagnostic Medical Centre Pantai Hospital Klang Sime Darby Medical Centre Subang Jaya Sime Darby Medical Centre Ara Damansara Sri Kota Specialist Medical Centre Klang Sunway Medical Centre Tropicana Medical Centre Kota Damansara Tun Hussein Onn National Eye Hospita Vista Eye Specialist

Cuisine[edit] The traditional Malay cuisine in Selangor
Selangor
has received influences from Johor, Bugis, Jawa and Minangkabau. Rojak Klang and Lontong Klang are famous cuisines in Klang and Shah Alam. Other famous dishes include Mee Rebus, Satay
Satay
Kajang, Nasi Ambeng, Laksa Selangor, Soto (Soto Nasi Himpit and Mee Soto), Sambal Tahun, Bakso, Ketam Darul Ehsan, Ikan Masak Asam Pedas, Ayam Masak Kicap and Sayur Masak Rebung. Media[edit] Television[edit]

Media Prima

Television in Selangor
Selangor
consists of seven free-to-air stations, one satellite television network and two internet television services. Three of the seven free-to-air stations are managed by Radio Televisyen Malaysia, a federal government-owned media company headquartered in Kuala Lumpur, while the four commercial stations are owned by Media Prima, an integrated media company headquartered in Bandar Utama, Selangor. The satellite television service is owned by Astro All Asia Networks
Astro All Asia Networks
and it is available nationwide. One of the Internet television
Internet television
services is owned by the state government of Selangor.

Free-to-air

Radio Televisyen Malaysia
Malaysia
(RTM)

TV1 TV2 TVi TV Alhijrah

Media Prima

TV3 ntv7 8TV TV9

Cable television

ABNXcess

Satellite television

Astro (All Astro Plc)

Internet television

TVSelangor ANN (Alternative News Network)

Radio[edit] Radio stations in Selangor
Selangor
are available in the FM and SW frequencies and transmitted from Gunung Ulu Kali, Selangor
Selangor
and Kajang, Selangor. Commercial radio stations available in Selangor
Selangor
include Era (103.3), Sinar FM (96.7), Melody FM (103.0), Hot FM (97.6), Suria FM (105.3), Best104 (104.1), Hitz.fm
Hitz.fm
(92.9), Mix FM (94.5), Lite FM (105.7), Red FM (104.9), Fly FM
Fly FM
(95.8), BFM (89.9), Capital FM (88.9), 988 (98.8), My FM (101.8), One FM (88.1), UFM 101.3, and THR (99.3). Commercial radio stations are operated by a few media companies such as AMP Radio Networks Sdn.Bhd, Star RFM Sdn.Bhd, Media Prima Berhad, Suara Johor Sdn.Bhd and BFM Media. Local community radio stations include UFM (93.6) operated by Universiti Teknologi MARA
Universiti Teknologi MARA
(only available in Shah Alam, Klang and Petaling Jaya), and Putra FM (90.7) operated by Universiti Putra Malaysia
Malaysia
(only available in Serdang and Seri Kembangan) which targets the university students. The nine Radio Televisyen Malaysia
Malaysia
(RTM) radio networks available are Klasik Nasional (98.3 FM, 5.965 kHz SW), Muzik FM (95.3), Ai FM (106.7), Traxx FM (100.1 FM, 7.295 kHz SW), Minnal FM (96.3), Asyik FM (102.5 FM, 6.050 kHz SW), Selangor
Selangor
FM (100.9), KLFM (97.2) and Pahang
Pahang
FM (107.5). There are three specialised radio stations as well, namely IKIM.fm (91.5) operated by IKIM, Salam FM (102.5) operated by JAKIM, and Radio24 (93.9) operated by BERNAMA. The regions of Selangor
Selangor
that border other states can also receive two other Radio Televisyen Malaysia
Malaysia
(RTM) radio stations; Perak
Perak
FM (89.6 MHz/95.6 MHz; Selangor- Perak
Perak
border) and Negeri FM (92.6 MHz; Selangor- Negeri Sembilan
Negeri Sembilan
border). Newspapers[edit] Mainstream newspapers in Selangor
Selangor
are:

Berita Harian
Berita Harian
(in Bahasa Malaysia) Utusan Malaysia
Malaysia
(in Bahasa Malaysia) Kosmo! (in Bahasa Malaysia) Harian Metro
Harian Metro
(in Bahasa Malaysia) Sinar Harian
Sinar Harian
(in Bahasa Malaysia) Selangor
Selangor
Kini (in Bahasa Malaysia) New Straits Times
New Straits Times
(in English) The Star (in English) The Malay Mail
The Malay Mail
(in English) The Sun (in English) Nanyang Siang Pau (in Mandarin) Sin Chew Daily
Sin Chew Daily
(in Mandarin) China
China
Press (in Mandarin) Malaysia
Malaysia
Nanban (in Tamil) Tamil Nesan
Tamil Nesan
(in Tamil) Makkal Osai (in Tamil) Harakah
Harakah
(in Bahasa Malaysia
Malaysia
and English). This newspaper is owned by the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party, one of the major party in the Pakatan Rakyat ruling coalition in Selangor. Suara Keadilan. This newspaper is owned by People's Justice Party, another major party in the Pakatan Rakyat
Pakatan Rakyat
ruling coalition.

Image gallery[edit]

Silver Leaf Monkey in Bukit Melawati

Royal Selangor
Royal Selangor
Pewter

Commonwealth Forest Park

Kanching Rainforest Waterfall

Pasar Borong Selayang

Pulau Ketam

Forest Research Institute of Malaysia
Malaysia
(FRIM)

Gold Coast Morib

See also[edit]

Malaysia
Malaysia
portal

Selangor
Selangor
Sign Language

References[edit]

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Selangor
2035 - A2 : Penduduk dan Perancangan Sumber Manusia" (PDF) (in Bahasa Melayu). p. A2-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018. CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) ^ " Portal
Portal
Rasmi PDT Gombak
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Portal
Rasmi PDT Hulu Selangor
Selangor
Guna Tanah". ww2.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Bukit Kutu (Gunung Kutu)". tourismselangor.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Kerling Hot Spring". tourismselangor.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ " Klang District
Klang District
Background". luas.gov.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Little India, Jalan tengku Kelana". tourismselangor.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ " Portal
Portal
Rasmi PDT Kuala Langat
Kuala Langat
Profil Kuala Langat". ww2.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Laporan Profil Daerah - Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran Daerah Kuala Selangor" (PDF). apps.water.gov.my. p. 7. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Kuala". glosbe.com. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ " Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor
- The Land Of History, Firefly, Seafood And Eagle". Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Malawati Hill". tourismselangor.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ " Kampung Kuantan Fireflies". tourismselangor.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ " Portal
Portal
Rasmi PDT Petaling Sejarah Daerah Petaling". ww2.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Sejarah Ringkas Daerah Petaling". ww2.selangor.gov.my (in Bahasa Melayu). Retrieved 24 January 2018. CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) ^ " Portal
Portal
Rasmi PDT Sabak Bernam
Sabak Bernam
Profil Daerah". ww2.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ "Sejarah Ringkas Daerah Sabak Bernam". ww2.selangor.gov.my (in Bahasa Melayu). Retrieved 24 January 2018. CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) ^ " Sekinchan
Sekinchan
Paddy Field". tourismselangor.my. Retrieved 24 January 2018.  ^ " Portal
Portal
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Malaysia
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Aktif. Retrieved 20 August 2012.  ^ "Underage Vietnamese girl among 8 prostitutes detained". Malay Mail.  ^ SYARIFAH, RAHMAN. "11 FOREIGN PROSTITUTES DETAINED IN RAIDS AT FOUR NIGHTSPOTS". NTV 7. Retrieved 20 August 2012.  ^ "UNISEL". unisel.edu.my. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Selangor.

Official website Rail map of Selangor Geographical maps of Selangor History of Selangor Official Website of Online Shopping & Great Deals in Selangor, Malaysia
Malaysia
- Everydayonsales Tourism Selangor
Selangor
Official Website Invest Selangor
Selangor
Berhad Official Website

Places adjacent to Selangor

Hilir Perak,  Perak Batang Padang
Batang Padang
/ Hilir Perak,  Perak Raub,  Pahang

Straits of Malacca

Selangor

Bentong,  Pahang

Straits of Malacca Jelebu
Jelebu
/ Seremban
Seremban
/ Port Dickson,  Negeri Sembilan Jelebu,  Negeri Sembilan

v t e

State of Selangor

Capital: Shah Alam

Topics

Index History Menteris Besar Constitution Elections Geography Monarchy

Monarchs

Judiciary Law Legislative Music

Symbols

Flag and coat of arms

Tourist attractions

Society

Culture Crime Cuisine Demographics Economy Education Politics Transport

Administrative divisions

Districts

Gombak
Gombak
District Hulu Langat District Hulu Selangor
Selangor
District Klang District Kuala Langat
Kuala Langat
District Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor
District Petaling District Sabak Bernam
Sabak Bernam
District Sepang District

Cities

Petaling Jaya Shah Alam

Towns

Ampang Assam Jawa Bagan Lalang Balakong Bandar Baru Bangi Bandar Baru Selayang Bandar Sunway Bangi Banting Batang Kali Batu Arang Batu Caves Beranang Bestari Jaya (Batang Berjuntai) Broga Bukit Lanjan Bukit Raja Bukit Rotan Bukit Tagar Cheras Cyberjaya Damansara Dengkil Ijok Jenjarom Jeram Jugra Kajang Kalumpang Kapar Kelana Jaya Kerling Klang Kuala Kubu Bharu Kuala Selangor Kuala Sungai Buloh Kuang Lagong Meru Morib Padang Jawa Pandamaran Paya Jaras Port Klang Puchong Rasa Rawang Sabak Salak Tinggi Sekinchan Selayang Semenyih Sepang Serendah Seri Kembangan Sijangkang Subang Subang Jaya Sungai Ayer Tawar Sungai Besar Sungai Buaya Sungai Buloh Sungai Burong Sungai Choh Sungai Panjang Sungai Pelek Sungai Pelong Sungai Tengi Tanjung Harapan Tanjung Karang Tanjung Sepat Teluk Datok Teluk Gong Teluk Panglima Garang Ulu Klang Ulu Yam

Townships

Alam Budiman Alam Impian Anggun Rawang Ara Damansara Bandar Baru Klang Bandar Botanic Bandar Bukit Tinggi Bandar Country Homes Bandar Damai Perdana Cheras Bandar Kinrara Bandar Mahkota Cheras Bandar Puteri Puchong Bandar Putra Permai Bandar Saujana Putra Bandar Saujana Utama Bandar Seri Putra Bandar Sri Damansara Bandar Sultan Suleiman Bandar Sungai Buaya Bandar Sungai Long Bandar Tasik Puteri Bandar Tun Hussein Onn Bandar Utama Batu Tiga Bernam Jaya Bukit Antarabangsa Bukit Beruntung Bukit Jelutong Bukit Rahman Putra Bukit Rimau Bukit Subang Country Heights Damansara Jaya Damansara Perdana Damansara Utama Denai Alam Eco Majestic Elmina Emerald Rawang Glenmarie Cove i-City Jade Hills KLIA Charter Field Town (KLIA Town Centre) Kota Damansara Kota Kemuning Kota Puteri Lembah Beringin Lembah Jaya Mutiara Damansara Palm Grove Pandan Indah Pandan Jaya Puchong Gateway Puchong Jaya Puncak Alam Puncak Jalil Puncak Perdana Pusat Bandar Puchong Putra Heights Saujana Impian Setia Alam Southern Park Southville City Taman Berkeley Taman Cuepacs Taman Eng Ann Taman Goodwood Taman Greenwood Taman Hillview Taman Keramat Taman Klang Utama Taman Melawati Taman Putra Perdana Taman Rashna Taman Sri Andalas Taman Sri Muda Taman Teluk Pulai Taman Tun Teja TTDI Jaya UEP Subang Jaya
Subang Jaya
(USJ) Valencia

Villages

Bagan Nakhoda Omar Dusun Tua FELDA Gedangsa FELDA Soeharto Kampung Bukit Lanchong Kampung Desa Serdang Kampung Kuantan Kampung Lombong Kampung Sungai Haji Dorani Kampung Sungai Kayu Ara Kampung Sungai Pusu Kuala Kubu Bharu (Ampang Pechah) Kundang Pulau Meranti Tanjung Dua Belas

Islands

Carey Island Pulau Indah Pulau Ketam Klang Island Pulau Jemor Pulau Angsa

Special
Special
Zones

MSC Malaysia Klang Valley

Commons Wikisource Category

v t e

States and federal territories of Malaysia

States

 Johor  Kedah  Kelantan  Melaka  Negeri Sembilan  Pahang  Penang  Perak  Perlis  Sabah  Sarawak  Selangor  Terengganu

Federal Territories

 Kuala Lumpur  Labuan  Putrajaya

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 238110861 LCCN: n79144

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