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SEINäJOKI is a city located in Southern Ostrobothnia , Finland . Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
originated around the Östermyra bruk iron and gunpowder factories founded in 1798. Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
became a municipality in 1868, market town in 1931 and town in 1960. In 2005, the municipality of Peräseinäjoki was merged into Seinäjoki, and in the beginning of 2009, the neighbouring municipalities of Nurmo
Nurmo
and Ylistaro were consolidated with Seinäjoki.

The Town
Town
library, Lakeuden Risti Church and central administrative buildings are designed by Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
.

The asteroid 1521 Seinäjoki bears the town's name.

Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
was historically called Östermyra in Swedish . Today this name is very seldom used even among the Swedish speakers. Literal translation for Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
is "Wallriver".

Seinäjoki Airport is located in the neighbouring municipality of Ilmajoki , 11 kilometres (10 mi) south of the Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
city centre.

Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
is home of the Crocodiles, a professional American Football team that competes in the Finnish Maple League. The Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
Crocodiles are one of the top American Football teams in Europe.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Culture

* 3 Sights

* 3.1 Other points of interest * 3.2 Notable people * 3.3 Statistics

* 4 Economy * 5 Education

* 6 International relations

* 6.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

* 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

The settlement spread in the area of the present Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
during the first half of the 16th century. During the 1550s, there is said to have been three houses in Seinäjoki: the houses of Marttila, Jouppi and Uppa. The house of Jouppila, which separated from the house of Jouppi, was established during the same century. All of the houses were located on the shore of the river.

Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
belonged to the church parish of Ilmajoki like Kurikka, Kauhajoki, Jalasjärvi and Alavus. However, in the 18th century the roads from Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
to the Church of Ilmajoki were generally in poor condition. Therefore, the inhabitants of Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
and the neighbouring Nurmo
Nurmo
built a new chapel together in 1725, which in 1765 led to the formation of the chapel town of Nurmo. Seinäjoki, which was called Alaseinäjoki since the Greater Wrath , became a part of the chapel town. The chapel parish of Peräseinäjoki was founded in 1798, and the village of Alaseinäjoki began to be called Seinäjoki again. The very same year, the Östermyra steel mill was founded on the shore of the Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
river.

In the 1850s, actions were taken to separate Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
from the church parish of Nurmo. Ilmajoki wanted to connect Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
back to its own parish. In spite of strong objections from the inhabitants of Nurmo, the Senate of Finland accepted the petition from the inhabitants of Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
in 1863, to form a chapel congregation of their own. Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
got an independent local government in 1868. In 1900, Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
became an independent municipality.

Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
has grown around a few important railroad crossings. The Tampere – Vaasa railway, which passes through Seinäjoki, was inaugurated in 1883. The track, along with the Kokkola track that was opened for rail service in 1885, and the Kristiinankaupunki track which had been completed in 1913, raised Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
as an important railway crossing section in Finland. In the early 1970s, a direct railway between Tampere and Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
was opened, and the services of Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
improved further.

After the Winter War and Continuation War, some refugees from Jaakkima and Lumivaara were resettled to Seinäjoki.

CULTURE

Lakeuden Risti Church

There are many kinds of cultural events in Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
nowadays. For example, Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
is known for hosting three large summer events: Tangomarkkinat , which is a tango festival attracting more than 1 visitors annually, Vauhtiajot, which is a motor racing event/music festival, and Provinssirock , which is one of the largest and oldest rock festivals in Finland. Rytmikorjaamo is a popular rock club, wherein almost every weekend play some Finnish or international artists. In Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
there are also several other bars and clubs offering live music and other entertainment. The city theatre of Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
has a wide quality program throughout the year, offering plays for everyone. The city orchestra of Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
is performing many concerts in the area and has been making many tours in Finland and abroad.

SIGHTS

* Lakeuden Risti Church ("The Cross of the Plains") * Alvar Aalto\'s cultural and administrative centre * The Southern Ostrobothnia District Museum * The Civil Guard and Lotta Svärd museum * Törnävä church * The railway exhibition * Mallaskoski brewery

OTHER POINTS OF INTEREST

* Törnävä Museum Area * the Suviyö trotting-race * Törnävä summer theatre - Seinäjoki * Jouppi mountain winter sports centre * Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
City Theatre * Provinssirock * Tangomarkkinat * Vauhtiajot

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Softengine , rock pop band * Arto Saari , skateboarder * Paula Koivuniemi , singer * Jorma Ollila
Jorma Ollila
, former Chairman and CEO of the Nokia Corporation * Pekka Koskela , speed skater * Veli Lampi , soccer player * Mari Kiviniemi , politician (Prime Minister of Finland 2010—2011) * Petri Kontiola
Petri Kontiola
, hockey player * Hanna-Kaisa Lehtiniemi , accordion player * Katja Kankaanpää
Katja Kankaanpää
, mixed martial artist * Jukka Hildén , Actor, Stunt man, The Dudesons * Jarppi Leppälä , Actor, Stunt man, The Dudesons * Hannu-Pekka "HP" Parviainen , Actor, Stunt man, The Dudesons * Jarno Laasala , Actor, Stunt man, The Dudesons * Pekka Puska , public health researcher and official

STATISTICS

* Population: 31,696 (2003), 35,918 (2005 after consolidation with Peräseinäjoki ) and 56,229 (2009 after consolidation with Nurmo
Nurmo
and Ylistaro ). * Annual growth: 624

ECONOMY

Nordic Regional Airlines has its financial office in Seinäjoki. Its predecessor, Finncomm Airlines , had its head office on the grounds of Seinäjoki Airport in nearby Ilmajoki .

Also Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
has a nationally and internationally significant food production and R -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. * ^ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. * ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. * ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. * ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration