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Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park (SGNP), formerly Borivali
Borivali
National Park,[4] is a large protected area in the northern part of Mumbai
Mumbai
city (preferably called Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban district) in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State in India.[5][6] It encompasses an area of 104 km2 (40 sq mi) and is surrounded on three sides by India's most populous city.[7] It is notable as one of the major national parks existing within a metropolis limit and is one of the most visited parks in the world.[5] The rich flora and fauna of Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park attracts more than 2 million visitors every year. Tourists also enjoy visiting the 2400-year-old Kanheri caves
Kanheri caves
sculpted out of the rocky cliffs which lie within the park.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Biodiversity 4 Wildlife

4.1 Flora and fauna 4.2 Wild tiger 4.3 Mass flowering of karvi

5 Threats

5.1 Poaching 5.2 Fire

6 Tourism

6.1 Vanrani narrow gauge train

6.1.1 Boating

6.2 Tiger and lion safari 6.3 Walking trails 6.4 Jain
Jain
temple 6.5 Kanheri caves

7 Access

7.1 Park hours

8 References 9 External links

History[edit]

7-metre-tall Buddha
Buddha
statue at entrance to the largest Kanheri cave

The Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park area has a long written history dating back to the 4th century BCE. In ancient India, Sopara
Sopara
and Kalyan were two ports in the vicinity that traded with ancient civilisations such as Greece
Greece
and Mesopotamia. The 45 km (28 mi) land route between these two ports was partially through this forest.[8] The Kanheri Caves
Kanheri Caves
in the centre of the park were an important Buddhist learning centre and pilgrimage site sculpted by Buddhist
Buddhist
monks between the 9th and the 1st centuries BCE.[9] They were chiselled out of a massive basaltic rock outcropping.[10] The Bombay Municipal Corporation acquired the catchment areas of the Tulsi and Vihar lakes, and also added the land from the government dairy of Aarey under protection. The Krishnagiri National Park was established under the Bombay National Park Act in 1942. At that time the area of the park was only 20.26 km2 (7.82 sq mi). The dairy development board began operations near Krishnagiri National Park in 1954, but outside the area of the park. In 1969, 2076 hectares of land of the Aarey Milk Scheme (now known as Aarey Milk Colony) was transferred to the forest department. However, this area was not notified as reserved or protected forests. In 1976, an area of 68.27 km2 was officially designated as Borivali
Borivali
National Park.[1] The Forest Development Corporation of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Limited (FDCM), Nagpur sent an official communication to the Regional Manager, FDCM, Thane
Thane
on 22 July 1980 stating that the 2076.073 hectares of revenue land that was transferred from Aarey Milk Scheme was to be included in Borivali
Borivali
National Park. The communication also directed that 575 ha of the revenue land should be used to build a recreational zone, while the remaining 1501.073 ha will would remain a part of the Borivali National Park. On 10 October 1980, another communication from the FDCM, Nagpur to Thane
Thane
directed the latter to declare the area as either as reserved or protected forests to allow the department to have stricter legal control. However, no such declaration was made.[1] The park was further expanded to a total area of 82.25 square km in 1981. The park was renamed Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park in 1996, after Sanjay Gandhi, the son of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The same year, some forests from the Thane
Thane
division were merged into the park, further expanding its total area to 103.84 square km.[1] Geography[edit] The park occupies most of the northern suburbs of Mumbai. To the west lie the suburbs of Goregaon, Malad, Kandivali, Borivali
Borivali
and Dahisar. To the east lie the suburbs of Bhandup
Bhandup
and Mulund. To the south lies the Aarey Milk Colony
Aarey Milk Colony
and the university campus of IIT Bombay. The northern reaches of this forest lie in Thane
Thane
city. The park and these areas surrounding it, except Thane
Thane
city are all part of Mumbai. The region is hilly with elevations between 30 m (98 ft) and 480 m (1,570 ft). The park encompasses two lakes, Vihar Lake and Tulsi Lake, which meet part of the city's water requirements. The park is said to be the lungs of the city as it purifies much of the air pollution of the city. Biodiversity[edit]

Dense forest

River in the park

The park is a bustling forest, with an estimated 800 types of mauve. This flower is native to the park and the surrounding regions, including Karnala, the Yeoor hills, Tungareshwar and some parts of Goregaon’s Film City. The park is also home to a small population of leopards. Wildlife[edit] Flora and fauna[edit] The park is home to a number of endangered species of flora and fauna. The forest area of the park houses over 1000 plant species, 251 species of migratory, land and water birds, 50,000 species of insects and 40 species of mammals. In addition, the park also provides shelter to 38 species of reptiles, 9 species of amphibians, 150 species of butterflies and a large variety of fish.[7][11] Flora: Kadamba, teak, karanj, shisam, and species of acacia, ziziphus, euphorbia, flame of the forest, red silk cotton and a number of other varieties of flowers. Karvi or karvy, a flowering plant that flowers once in seven years, can be found in the park.

Monkeys in SGNP

Chital
Chital
(or spotted deer) at SGNP

Fauna: The forest cover in the park helps provide the ideal habitat for many wild animals. Chital
Chital
(or spotted deer), rhesus macaque and bonnet macaque are some of the wild mammals that can easily be spotted roaming inside the park. Other large mammals found in the park are: black-naped or Indian hare, muntjac (barking deer), porcupine, Asian palm civet, chevrotain (mouse deer), Hanuman or grey langur, Indian flying-fox, sambar deer and leopard. One can also spot striped hyena or four-horned antelope. Reptiles living here include: crocodiles in the Tulsi Lake, pythons, cobras, monitor lizards, Russell's vipers, bamboo pit viper and Ceylonese cat snakes.[7] A total 172 species of butterflies have been reported here, of which the spectacular ones are blue Mormon, the phenomenal artist of camouflage the blue oak leaf, the bright Jezebel and large yellow and white orange tip, tiger butterfly, eggflies and sailers. There are a number of moths too. The largest moth is the size of a sparrow (30 cm). Avifauna: Some of the birds one may see in the park are: jungle owlets, golden orioles, racket-tailed drongos, minivets, magpies, robins, hornbills, bulbuls, sunbirds, peacock, and woodpeckers. Migratory and local birds such as paradise flycatcher and various species of kingfishers, mynas, drongos, swifts, gulls, egrets, and herons have also been spotted.[7]

Leopard
Leopard
at SGNP

Hanuman langur

Spotted deer in Deer Park

Myna
Myna
(Acridotheres)

Monkeys near Kanheri Caves

Wild tiger[edit]

Leopard
Leopard
in mini zoo at SGNP

In 2003, pugmarks and droppings of a Bengal tiger
Bengal tiger
were found in the park. Although the tiger was never widely seen,[12][13][14][15][16] it did bring some excitement to city folks as records of tiger being found here are quite old and forgotten now with the last tiger being shot down 80 years earlier in the region.[17][18] Conservation was also proposed for the interlinking habitat corridors and nearby wilderness areas in the state and upgrade their status as tiger habitat.[19][20] Mass flowering of karvi[edit] Main article: Strobilanthes callosus The karvi shrub, as it is locally called in the Marathi language, sometimes also spelled as karvy in English, only blooms once in eight years in a mass flowering covering the forest floor in a lavender blush. It grows in abundance in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
hills near Mumbai including throughout the Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park as in other parts of its natural range. In Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park its latest blooming took place in 2008, and it is scheduled to bloom here again in 2016. Termed by nature enthusiasts as 'nature's miracle' its maximum bloom can be seen on some of the inner paths and trails that lie undisturbed in the park. It survives best on the vast sloping expanses of the hillsides, with the Kanheri caves
Kanheri caves
area of the park being one of the best places to observe large areas of blooms.[21][22] In the state of Maharashtra, the mass flowering of karvi has been observed to occur in Mumbai
Mumbai
the same year as in the hill station of Khandala
Khandala
and one year earlier in Bhimashankar
Bhimashankar
and Malshej Ghat, beyond Kalyan.[23] Near Mumbai, the karvi is also found in Karnala, the Yeoor hills, Tungareshwar and some parts of Goregaon
Goregaon
including Film City.[22] Threats[edit] The park has faced a number of similar problems to those faced by national parks elsewhere in the world, involving conflicts between natural and human interests. In the early 2000s a road, as proposed, would have cut through the park. Animal activist Tarun Nayar went to court to halt this project. The lack of space in Mumbai
Mumbai
has pushed residential colonies right up to the park boundary. This boundary is poorly fenced and has often allowed wild animals into human habitations. Slums have mushroomed around the park as well. Corruption among local politicians and Mumbai's influential builder lobby are commonly seen as responsible for a perceived shrinking of the park. In June 2004, leopards were responsible for the deaths of 20 humans within the span of a week. This was not the first attack: for the past 10 years, there have been attacks attributed to leopards stalking children and adults outside the park fringes. After an outcry was raised and the situation reached alarming proportions, eight leopards were caught and relocated. The leopard threat still continues in and around Thane
Thane
district today with repeated sightings as well as attacks on pets and humans. On 16 July 2012, a seven-year-old girl was killed in Mulund
Mulund
right outside her home by a leopard. A year later, a 40-year-old woman was attacked and killed by a leopard in Bhiwandi, Thane
Thane
City in 2013. Five days later, a 14-year-old shepherd survived a leopard attack in the same region.[24] In 2014, a two-year-old child went missing from Ghoong village in Wada.[25] August 2015 saw four leopard attacks in Thane city.[26] In one incident, a leopard and her cub dragged a one-year-old Rottweiler
Rottweiler
off.[27] Poaching[edit] Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
national park has played home to many poachers in the recent years. Usually, leopards are attacked. In many cases these animals had been poisoned, and claws or other valuable body parts were cut off and sold. Poaching could soon wipe out Mumbai's leopard population. Fire[edit] During the summer and any time before the monsoon, fires burn in the park, at least one every two weeks. This has resulted in the loss of rare trees and loss of habitat for wild animals. The locals are often suspected of burning the trees on some of the outskirts of the forest to build their homes there. Tourism[edit]

Lake for boating inside national park

Lotus flowers inside national park

Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park is said to be one of the most visited national parks in Asia. According to estimates, around 2 million visitors visit this park annually. Collection at the gates in November 2004 touched ₹9.8 million (US$150,000). The Krishnagiri Upavan is an area of approximately 5.5 km2 (2.12 sq mi) reserved as an easily accessible public recreation zone inside the park. The remaining core area has restricted access. Among the several attractions of the Krishnagiri Upavan is a mini-zoo where visitors can view animals up close. There is a crocodile park where one can easily view different sizes of these reptiles all at one place. The lion and tiger safaris educate and guide visitors through the natural habitats of these animals. A narrow gauge train travels around the tourist zone showcasing parts of the rich biodiversity. There a boating facility where visitors can rent a two-person pedal-powered boat for Rs. 15 per 15-minute increment. Two watchtowers are available for panoramic views of the park. Many visitors also travel to the Kanheri Caves, especially on an auspicious day in August. Nature trails and treks are also popular. Rock climbing
Rock climbing
enthusiasts often come to national park. Many rock faces around the national park and the Kanheri Caves
Kanheri Caves
offer a great opportunity for rock climbers. The national park is also a paradise for morning walk lovers. Every morning, thousands of people, elderly, youth, children visit the park to get a breath of fresh air. Many practice for Annual Marathon here. There are so many who practice cricket, badminton and other sports here. The entree fee is Rs 133 per year. Senior citizens get a discount. There are many parks created inside the national park. Those who want to go on long walks prefer the straight routes whereas those who want to enjoy the beauty and fragrance of flowers, see mini waterfalls, rest in between, prefer the parks. many people carry their cameras to take pictures of the rising sun, lotus flowers, occasional deers who can be spotted if you are lucky and finally the mist covered boating lake which looks heavenly.

SGNP view from Highest Point Trail

Mini waterfall inside a park within national park premise

Villages in the park

Mahatma Gandhi Memorial

Vanrani narrow gauge train[edit]

Narrow gauge train

The park also features a "toy train" that runs on a narrow gauge railway. The toy train Van rani, which means "jungle queen", ran for around twenty-five years. It was discontinued in 2001 because of the poor condition of the track. The circuitous route covers a 2.5 km (1.55 mi) distance. However, in 2004, fresh bids were announced for the repair of the track, which was estimated to cost around ₹3 million (equivalent to ₹7.6 million or US$120,000 in 2017). The tracks have been repaired and the train is now operational. The fun train ride of about 15 minutes takes you along the foothills of the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial on 190 m (620 ft) Pavilion Hill, traverses a couple of bridges and tunnels and passes over the Deer Park. You would be able to see deer in their allotted cages. The train passes through the jungle area where we can see hutments where people dwell. Deer are also seen near these hutments walking in the jungle. Boating[edit] Another attraction is a boating service available near the Vanrani start point. 2 as well as 4 seater pedalos are available for calm evening along with your dear ones in a small lake. There is a bridge on this lake where you can stand and watch the boats in water. The bridge is used as a marker for limiting the boats to one side. Tiger and lion safari[edit]

Sleeping lion at SGNP lion safari

Main attractions of the park are a lion safari and a tiger safari for encouraging eco-tourism.[28] The lion safari is a 20-minute ride through a 12 ha (29.65 acres) fenced forest area in one of the park's green buses. The park is said to have a total of about 25 lions and lionesses. There are hardly 2 lions which visitors can safely see up close from inside the caged buses. The remaining 23 have been relocated or placed in fenced areas far away from the roads used by the green buses. During visiting hours, some of the resident lions are let out into the enclosure, and can be viewed from the safety of the bus. There are 4 tigers that are kept semi-confined in a 20 ha (49.42 acres) fenced area that is toured by the buses. A 5 m (16.40 ft) high and 2,200 m (7,217.85 ft) long protective fencing surrounds the area. This is done so that all visitors can safely view lions and tigers in their natural habitat.[29] Here the visitors are caged in the bus so the big cats can roam like in the wild. Two other tigers roam in a much larger area. There are many claims that many times these tigers and lions are tranquilised, so that the number of tourists can be increased it is not good for tourister Walking trails[edit] There are several public walking trails in the park. The popular Ashok Van trail winds up through thick forest to a dense cluster of Ashoka trees that are a welcome half way resting spot. One can return by Gaumukh trail to an open place of volcanic rock to return to the Kanheri caves. A more ambitious route is the 'View Point' trail to the highest point in Mumbai, for a panoramic view of the city and a view of the three lakes of the city – Tulsi Lake, Vihar Lake
Vihar Lake
and Powai Lake. New jungle trails at Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park allow visitors to see the more unexplored parts of the park. They are the 4 km (2.49 mi) Shilonda Trail, the 5 km (3.11 mi) Malad Trail, and the 6 km (3.73 mi) Yeoor Trail. Trails access cost is Rs. 25 per person.[30] Local conservation NGOs such as the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS)[22] and World Wide Fund for Nature - India
India
(WWF-India)[23] bring groups of urban residents from Mumbai
Mumbai
and elsewhere, sometimes in collaboration with other organisations, for regular guided nature education walks in the nature trails of Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park[31][32] and organise special trips when the rare karvi flowers are in full bloom which only happens once every eight years.[21] Jain
Jain
temple[edit]

Teen murti

Trimurti Temple

In the forest, there is a famous Jain
Jain
temple called Trimurti or Trimurti Digambar
Digambar
Jain
Jain
Mandir. This temple is widely visited by Digambar
Digambar
sect of Jain
Jain
community. It has three huge idols of lord Adinath and his two sons, lord Bahubali
Bahubali
and lord Bharata. Statue of Rishabhanatha is 31 feet in height and tallest in all three on both side statue of Bharata and Bahubali
Bahubali
are 28 feet tall. There is a 51 feet kirti stambh also present here. [33] Many Muni maharaj (Jain Saints) do stay here to preach the followers before moving ahead to other city or town. This is also a small station on the Vanrani trail. Kanheri caves[edit] Main article: Kanheri caves The Kanheri Caves
Kanheri Caves
are a protected archaeological site at 19°12′30″N 72°54′23″E / 19.20833°N 72.90639°E / 19.20833; 72.90639. The caves were sculpted by Buddhist
Buddhist
residents starting in the 1st century BCE. The area was actually a settlement and once served as inns for travellers. The word Kanheri comes from the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word Krishnagiri which means "black mountain".

Buddhist
Buddhist
Viharas

Seven Buddhist
Buddhist
caves, older than Kanheri Caves
Kanheri Caves
have also been discovered very recently. Detailed exploration and documentation is awaited from The Archaeological Survey of India.[34]

Vihara prayer hall, one of the larger Kanheri caves

Buddhist
Buddhist
caves at Kanheri

Access[edit] The park's main entrance is located in Borivali, 0.9 km (0.56 mi) east of Borivali
Borivali
railway station, which is approximately 40 km (25 mi) north of southern tip of Mumbai city, with suburban trains running every 5 minutes. From Borivali station, one can walk or hire an auto rickshaw to reach Sanjay Gandhi National Park. It is well connected with all parts of Mumbai
Mumbai
and Maharashtra
Maharashtra
by road. The Western Express Highway
Western Express Highway
(NH 8) passes by the park entrance. Buses are available on holidays and Sundays from Mumbai to the park. Also, chartered vehicles can be hired for groups to visit the park. The park can also be accessed from Goregaon
Goregaon
(BNHS, Film City). The park is accessible from eastern side as well, through Mulund (Vasant Garden) and through Thane
Thane
from two locations - Yeoor and Tikuji-Ni-Wadi, near the Nature Center. The nearest airport is Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
at Santa Cruz 18 km (11 mi) from the park. Nearest railway stations are Borivali
Borivali
and Goregaon
Goregaon
on Western line ( Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Railway), which are connected to Churchgate railway station
Churchgate railway station
& also Mulund
Mulund
and Thane
Thane
on Central line ( Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Railway), which are connected to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Park hours[edit] Main gates open at 7:30 a.m. and close at 5:30 p.m. The park also provides monthly and yearly passes for morning walks. Timing for these types of passes are 5:00 a.m. to 7:30 a.m. only. You are allowed to take your mode of transport along, till the Kanheri Caves by paying a nominal amount at the main gate. References[edit]

^ a b c d "Metro-3 row: 1,501 hectares of Aarey Milk Colony
Aarey Milk Colony
is part of Borivli national park in Mumbai, say experts". Hindustan Times. 20 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017.  ^ " Mumbai
Mumbai
Plan". Department of Relief and Rehabilitation (Government of Maharashtra). Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.  ^ "Presentation".  ^ Why deny our British past; 10 January 2002; Mid-DAY Newspaper ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 November 2004. Retrieved 26 January 2010.  ^ "Latest News, Breaking News Live, Current Headlines, India
India
News Online - The Indian Express". www.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ a b c d " Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park, Borivali, Mumbai". Wildlife/National Parks. Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Forest Department. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2010.  ^ "Historical Information". Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park. Sanjaygandhinationalpark.net. Retrieved 30 January 2010.  ^ "Kanheri Caves". Retrieved 28 January 2007. [permanent dead link] ^ "Mumbai's Ancient Kanheri Caves". Retrieved 31 January 2007.  ^ Mirza, Zeeshan. & Pal, Saunak. (2008) A checklist of reptiles and amphibians of Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park, Mumbai, Maharashtra. Cobra, II (4), 14–19. ^ http://www.rediff.com/cms/print.jsp?docpath=//news/2003/jun/26mum.htm ^ "Big cat back in Mumbai
Mumbai
forest after a gap of 75 years".  ^ "A tiger in Mumbai
Mumbai
after 83 years".  ^ " Mumbai
Mumbai
leaps into tiger territory".  ^ "Die Domain ist aktuell nicht zu erreichen". www.wirworld.org. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ "A tiger on Malabar Hill
Malabar Hill
- Livemint". www.livemint.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ "The Hindu : Book Review : India's natural history".  ^ http://cities.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=52985 ^ http://www1.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/60399.cms ^ a b Nature lovers on the Karvy trail; TNN, 22 September 2008; The Times of India ^ a b c City gears for lavender Karvi’s once-in-eight-years bloom; by Nitya Kaushik; 12 August 2008; The Indian Express
The Indian Express
Newspaper ^ a b The Karvy blooms; By Shantanu Chhaya; 24 July 2000; Bombay Edition: Bombay Times; The Times of India
India
Supplement. A copy of this original Newspaper article is posted online at "mumbai-central.com": [1] ^ "Teen injured in leopard attack in Thane". 31 July 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via www.thehindu.com.  ^ " Leopard
Leopard
attack: 50 men search for 5 days but can t find 2-yr-old s body". mid-day.com. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ "4 leopard attacks in 2 months leave Ovala residents on edge - Times of India". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ Mishra, Rashmi (12 August 2015). " Leopard
Leopard
Attack in Thane: Female Leopard
Leopard
& cub caught on CCTV snatching pet Rottweiler
Rottweiler
dog". india.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ To spot the Bengal tigers, visit Borivali
Borivali
National Park; by Nitya Kaushik; May 16, 2008; The Indian Express
The Indian Express
Newspaper Archived 2 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park Safari". maharashtratourism.net. Retrieved 28 January 2010.  ^ Cook, Sharell (10 January 2009). "New Nature Trails at Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai". About.com: India
India
Travel. Retrieved 28 January 2010.  ^ "Wet and Wild - Indian Express". www.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ BNHS~ WWF to prevent garbage at Borivali
Borivali
park; 11 March 2002; Mid-DAY Newspaper ^ http://www.jaintirthyatra.com/Tirth-Details/256/Shri_Aacharya_Shantisagar_Smarak_Shri_1008_Aadinath_Bahubali_Digamber_Jain_Mandir_Trust_Teenmurti_Podanpur.aspx ^ "Seven ancient Buddhist
Buddhist
caves found in Mumbai". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 17 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 

Parts of the article referred to from the Times of India
India
article dated 5 July 2004

Amol Patwardhan (2014) Butterflies of Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Ambient Science, 1(1): 7-15. Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park: Flickr Group photos

Kasambe, R. (2012): Butterfly
Butterfly
fauna of the Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park and Mumbai. Bionotes. 14 (3): 76–80 External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park.

Official website SGNP link on Maharashtra
Maharashtra
FD Website of " Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park Borivalli, Mumbai". A detailed Review of Kanheri Caves
Kanheri Caves
and : Read this before you go.

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Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
(VJTI) Mulund
Mulund
College of Commerce ICT (formerly UDCT) NITIE Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
(JBIMS) SP Jain
Jain
Institute of Management and Research NMIMS St. Xavier's College Sathaye College Ramnarain Ruia College DG Ruparel College Ramniranjan Anandilal Podar College of Commerce and Economics V. G. Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce

Schools

Bombay Scottish School Campion School Cathedral and John Connon School Dhirubhai Ambani International School Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School Jamnabai Narsee School Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan King George High School, Dadar(E) St. Theresa's Boys High School

Institutes for Science & Learning

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
(TIFR) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
(BARC) Nehru Planetarium Nehru Science Centre Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CBS)

Civic

Mayor Police Commissioner Municipal Commissioner Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation Mumbai
Mumbai
Police Wards Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport Demographics Water sources Bombay High
Bombay High
Court Sheriff

Culture

Marathi Mumbaiya/Bombaiya/Bambaiya Dabbawalas Mumbaikar Street food Vada pav Bhelpuri Sevpuri Dahi puri Panipuri Ragda pattice Cultural centres Cinemas Kala Ghoda
Kala Ghoda
festival Mumbai
Mumbai
Marathon Tourist attractions Little Bombay, Jersey City, USA

Religion in Mumbai

Jainism in Mumbai Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bombay History of the Jews in Mumbai List of churches in Mumbai Anglican Diocese of Bombay Mumbai
Mumbai
Orthodox Diocese

Other topics

Bombay High Kamathipura Dharavi People from Mumbai

Category Commons Mumbai
Mumbai
portal

v t e

Tourist attractions in Mumbai
Mumbai
(list)

Pre-colonial

Elephanta Caves Kanheri Caves Worli
Worli
Fort Mahim Fort

Colonial

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus BMC Headquarters Hutatma Chowk Worli
Worli
Fort David Sassoon Library Gateway of India Rajabai Tower Mount Mary's Church Bombay High
Bombay High
Court Ballard Bunder Gatehouse South Mumbai St. Thomas Cathedral

Beaches

Aksa Beach Dadar
Dadar
Chowpatty Girgaum Chowpatty Juhu Beach Kalamb Beach Madh Island Marvé Beach Powai Lake Versova

Places of worship

Babulnath Haji Ali Jama Masjid Mahalaxmi Temple Cathedral of the Holy Name, Mumbai Mahim Church Basilica of Our Lady of the Mount, Bandra Shrine Of Don Bosco's Madonna ,Matunga St Peter's Church,Bandra St. Andrew's Church, Mumbai,Bandra,Mumbai Portuguese Church (Mumbai) Mumba Devi Mandir Siddhivinayak Temple Shitala
Shitala
Devi Temple Swaminarayan Mandir Walkeshwar Temple

Cultural

National Centre for the Performing Arts Experimental Theatre (NCPA) Jehangir Art Gallery Taraporewala Aquarium Asiatic Society of Mumbai Marine Drive Royal Opera House Regal Cinema Eros Cinema Metro Adlabs Nehru Science Centre Film City Capitol Cinema Liberty Cinema

Boulevards

Marine Drive Fashion Street Linking Road Nepean Sea Road Breach Candy Bandstand Promenade Worli
Worli
Seaface Bandra- Worli
Worli
Sea Link Carter Road Promenade

Districts

Western Suburbs Nariman Point Malabar Hill Kala Ghoda Colaba Bandra
Bandra
Kurla Complex

Shopping

Chor Bazaar Fashion Street Colaba
Colaba
Causeway Lamington Road Linking Road

Buildings

Bombay Stock Exchange Hutatma Chowk David Sassoon Library Taj Mahal Palace & Tower Nehru Planetarium India
India
Government Mint

Parks, zoos and stadia

Bandra
Bandra
Kurla Complex Ground Brabourne Stadium Cross Maidan Essel World Gowalia Tank Hanging Gardens Horniman Circle Gardens Jijamata Udyaan Kamala Nehru Park Mahalaxmi Racecourse Middle Income Group Club Ground Sanjay Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
National Park Shivaji Park Wankhede Stadium

Museums

INS Vikrant Prince of Wales Museum Mani Bhavan National Gallery of Modern Art

Forts

Bassein Fort Belapur Fort Bombay Castle Castella de Aguada Dongri Fort Fort George Madh Fort Mahim Fort Mazagon Fort Riwa Fort Sewri Fort Sion Hillock Fort Worli
Worli
Fort

Restaurants & Bars

Café Mon

.