Sands End is an area of the ancient parish of Fulham, formerly in the County of Middlesex, which is now the southernmost part of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, England. In a deep loop of the River Thames, between the tidal Chelsea Creek and the old Peterborough estate, west of Wandsworth Bridge, its northern edge is New King's Road. While wharves, industrial acres and workers' cottages gave way to intensive re-development such as Chelsea Harbour and Imperial Wharf in the last quarter of the 20th-century, it still contains some 300 year-old cottages and 19th century streets.
1.1 Origins 1.2 Industrialisation
2 21st-century 3 Transport 4 References 5 External links
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1898 map showing Sands End with the Fulham Gas Works
A map showing the Sands End ward of Fulham Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916
For centuries, this swampy place was a rural backwater, cut off from other villages and the main thoroughfares into the City of London. Its earliest recorded landowner was John de Saundeford in the reign of Edward I. Barbara Denny, a contemporary historian, wrote that King Henry VIII granted the manor of Sandford to the Abbot of Westminster, but that in 1549 it returned to the Crown. Ten years later, Queen Mary sold it to a mercer from London, William Maynard. Although the estate had a manor house, for centuries the land was used mainly for pasture. Singing nightingales in the 17th-century are said to have arrested the attention of essayist and politician, Joseph Addison (1672-1719), who came to live in his 'retreat' hereabouts, but probably not in Sandford Manor House, which is in present-day Rewell Street, and Grade II* listed. Another reputed resident was Nell Gwyn.
A Victorian terrace in Sands End
Origins The historian of Fulham, Charles Féret (1852-1921), devotes several chapters of his 3 volume work to the origins of Sands End. As distinct from ownership, settlement of the area did not begin till the Elizabethan era, as can be inferred from this extract from Féret:
A small volume might, indeed, be filled by citations of similar entries referring to lands which had belonged to Goldhawk 'at the Sand.' In the earlier Court Rolls one or two other persons are described as 'atte Sonde'. In 1454 we hear of a 'John Burton atte Sonde.' In a presentment of 1569 there is mentioned a 'Thomas Burton of Sandes.' It is not till the time of the Virgin Queen that we hear of the 'End,' from which we may infer that the nucleus of a tiny village was only then in course of formation. The earliest instance of the name is in 1566, when mention is made of the 'bridge at Sandeande.' In 1575 John Powell, gent, was required to make his fence between 'Gill Hale' and the premises of John Burton at 'Sands Ende.' Two years later this John Burton was ordered to scour his ditches (foveas) at 'Sand End', between 'Gilhalle' and 'Peasecroft' (see vol. ii. p. 83)
William and Evelyn De Morgan lived and worked in Sands End
In spite of its rural charms, the area was affected by flooding, dampness and the effluent descending from Counter's Creek, sometimes referred to as a sewer, so by the early 19th-century, the estate was in decline. Dr Barton MD, author of 'the Lost Rivers of London', quotes a colleague from the West London Medical Journal, who had observed that rheumatism was unusually common on both sides of Counter's Creek from Shepherd's Bush to Chelsea. In 1824, twenty acres of the estate were bought by the Imperial Gas Light and Coke Company, the first public utility enterprise in the world. So began almost two centuries of industrialisation and manufacturing. Craftsmen and artists were still attracted to its fringes, most notably, William De Morgan, a friend of William Morris and a member of the Arts and Crafts movement. The growth of the Temperance movement produced yet another brewery in Fulham, only without any alcohol content. On an eight-acre site in Sands End, just east of Wandsworth Bridge, the Polish-born entrepreneur, Henry Lowenfeld built the Kops Brewery that started production in 1890. It lasted to the dawn of World War I when it was turned into a margarine factory and later turned to food logistics. In 1901, Fulham Council built its gasworks here, while MacFarlane Lang had established its biscuit factory nearby. Sands End became noted as a close knit working class community in the industrial heartland of Fulham with its gas works, power station and petrol depot providing work for generations of local families.
Joseph Addison by Michael Dahl lowres
Gasholder at the former Imperial Gasworks
William De Morgan (c. 1890), Sands Ends Pottery: a tile inspired by Middle Eastern patterns.
The Queen Elizabeth public house, Pearscroft Road
The Castle Club, Daisy Lane, Fulham
Chelsea Harbour Lock
The former Kops Brewery, Townmead Road, Sands End
21st-century A property boom begun in the 1970s coupled with the advent of oil-fuelled processing of North Sea oil led to a process of Gentrification with offices and studio businesses and flats on the market for prices more customary in the centre of the capital. On the northern bank of the Thames there is Hurlingham Retail Park, which includes an electrical retailer and tile stores. There is also a business enterprise centre in the Sulivan district. Across the other side of Townmead Road there is a very large food and home wares supermarket, and Imperial Wharf, a brownfield development of the former Imperial Gasworks which is growing to include a mixture of affordable housing, both private and public, shops, a park and a new railway station. Also in this part of Fulham is South Park. Wandsworth Bridge Road runs through Sands End and has restaurants, tile and pine furniture shops, the Church of England parish church of Saint Matthew. Transport
Imperial Wharf train platforms
Because of the notoriously poor transport links for the area (including Chelsea Harbour), including the absence of tube stations due to the many medieval plague pits which deterred their building in Victorian times, the nearby Imperial Wharf station was opened on 27 September 2009, providing direct rail links with Clapham Junction and Willesden Junction via Kensington (Olympia). Southern also provides direct train services from Imperial Wharf to Milton Keynes Central and East Croydon. It is hoped that the area will be re-vitalized by the new station and transport links in the areas which were previously served only by bus routes 391 and C3.
Harbour Pier in Sands End
River bus services are provided at peak hours by London River Services from Chelsea Harbour Pier, and offer transport to Putney and Blackfriars Millennium Pier. References
^ "Hammersmith and Fulham Ward population 2011". Neigfhbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 October 2016. ^ Historic England. "Sandford Manor House, Kings Road SW6 (1286723)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). Fulham Past. London: Historical Publications. pp. 77–82. ISBN 0 948667 43 5. ^ Féret, Charles (1900). Fulham Old and New, vol.I-III (PDF). III. Leadenhall Press. pp. 267–87. Retrieved 29 July 2017. ^ Barton, Nicholas (1992). The Lost Rivers of London. London: Historical Publications. p. 147. ISBN 0 948667 15 X. ^ "William De Morgan and the Arts & Crafts Movement". Antique Marks. Retrieved 2 October 2016. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). Fulham Past. London: Historical Publications. p. 109. ISBN 0 948667 43 5. ^ Czucha, Francis (2010). Old Sands End, Fulham. Stenlake Publishing. pp. 1–6. ISBN 9781840335262. ^ Czucha, Francis (2010). Old Sands End, Fulham. Stenlake Publishing. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9781840335262. ^ "Boats from Chelsea Harbour Pier" (PDF). Transport for London. Spring 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
Fulham Power Station, Sands End (1937), BritainfromAbove.org.uk; retrieved 29 July 2017 Fulham Power Station, rbkclocalstudies.wordpress.com; retrieved 29 July 2017 A history project by Langford Primary School; retrieved 29 July 2017 Sands End; retrieved 28 October 2016
In October 2008 an interactive local history website, Sands End Revisited, was published with photos and memories from residents closed in 2015, but e-mail contact available.
v t e
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham
Brook Green Chelsea Harbour (including Imperial Wharf) College Park East Acton Fulham Hammersmith Old Oak Common Parsons Green Sands End Shepherd's Bush Walham Green West Kensington White City
BBC Television Centre Bush Theatre Craven Cottage football stadium Fulham Palace Hammersmith Apollo Linford Christie Stadium Loftus Road (football stadium) Lyric Theatre Olympia Leighton House Museum O2 Shepherds Bush Empire Queen's Club Stamford Bridge (stadium)
Parks and open spaces
Bishops Park Eel Brook Common Hurlingham Park Normand Park Parsons Green Ravenscourt Park Shepherd's Bush Green South Park Wormholt Park Wormwood Scrubs
Chelsea and Fulham Hammersmith
Battersea Railway Bridge Fulham Railway Bridge Hammersmith Bridge Putney Bridge Wandsworth Bridge
Tube and rail stations
Barons Court East Acton Fulham Broadway Goldhawk Road Hammersmith (Hammersmith & City and Circle lines) Hammersmith (Piccadilly and District lines) Imperial Wharf railway station Parsons Green Putney Bridge Ravenscourt Park Shepherd's Bush Shepherd's Bush railway station Shepherd's Bush Market West Kensington White City Wood Lane
Aragon House The Black Lion The Blue Anchor The Cock The Cross Keys The Dove Duke of Cumberland Eight Bells, Fulham The George, Hammersmith Golden Lion Hampshire Hog The Hop Poles Hope and Anchor The King's Head Laurie Arms Queen's Head, Brook Green Rutland Arms Salutation The Swan Temperance Billiard Hall, Fulham The White Horse former Coachmakers Arms, Hammersmith former The Favourite former Seven Stars, West Kensington
Coat of arms Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools
Places adjacent to Sands End
West Brompton Walham Green Chelsea
Battersea (over the Thames)
Hurlingham Wandsworth (over the Thames) Clapham Junction