SANDS END is an area of the ancient parish of
Fulham , formerly in
County of Middlesex , which is now the southernmost part of the
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham , England. In a deep loop of
River Thames , between the tidal Chelsea Creek and the old
Peterborough estate, west of
Wandsworth Bridge , its northern edge is
New King\'s Road . While wharves, industrial acres and workers'
cottages gave way to intensive re-development such as Chelsea Harbour
Imperial Wharf in the last quarter of the 20th-century, it still
contains some 300 year-old cottages and 19th century streets.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Origins
* 1.2 Industrialisation
* 2 21st-century
* 3 Transport
* 4 References
* 5 External links
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1898 map showing
Sands End with the
Fulham Gas Works A
map showing the
Sands End ward of
Fulham Metropolitan Borough as it
appeared in 1916
For centuries, this swampy place was a rural backwater, cut off from
other villages and the main thoroughfares into the
City of London .
Its earliest recorded landowner was John de Saundeford in the reign of
Edward I . Barbara Denny, a contemporary historian, wrote that King
Henry VIII granted the manor of Sandford to the Abbot of Westminster,
but that in 1549 it returned to the Crown .
Ten years later, Queen Mary sold it to a mercer from
London , William
Maynard. Although the estate had a manor house, for centuries the land
was used mainly for pasture. Singing nightingales in the 17th-century
are said to have arrested the attention of essayist and politician,
Joseph Addison (1672-1719), who came to live in his 'retreat'
hereabouts, but probably not in
Sandford Manor House
Sandford Manor House , which is in
present-day Rewell Street, and
Grade II* listed. Another reputed
Nell Gwyn . A Victorian terrace in
The historian of Fulham, Charles Féret (1852-1921), devotes several
chapters of his 3 volume work to the origins of Sands End. As distinct
from ownership, settlement of the area did not begin till the
Elizabethan era , as can be inferred from this extract from Féret:
A small volume might, indeed, be filled by citations of similar
entries referring to lands which had belonged to Goldhawk 'at the
Sand.' In the earlier Court Rolls one or two other persons are
described as 'atte Sonde'. In 1454 we hear of a 'John Burton atte
Sonde.' In a presentment of 1569 there is mentioned a 'Thomas Burton
of Sandes.' It is not till the time of the
Virgin Queen that we hear
of the 'End,' from which we may infer that the nucleus of a tiny
village was only then in course of formation. The earliest instance of
the name is in 1566, when mention is made of the 'bridge at
Sandeande.' In 1575 John Powell, gent, was required to make his fence
between 'Gill Hale' and the premises of John Burton at 'Sands Ende.'
Two years later this John Burton was ordered to scour his ditches
(foveas) at 'Sand End', between 'Gilhalle' and 'Peasecroft' (see vol.
ii. p. 83)
William and Evelyn De Morgan lived and worked in
In spite of its rural charms, the area was affected by flooding,
dampness and the effluent descending from Counter\'s Creek , sometimes
referred to as a sewer, so by the early 19th-century, the estate was
in decline. Dr Barton MD, author of 'the Lost Rivers of London',
quotes a colleague from the West
London Medical Journal, who had
observed that rheumatism was unusually common on both sides of
Counter's Creek from Shepherd\'s Bush to Chelsea.
In 1824, twenty acres of the estate were bought by the Imperial Gas
Light and Coke Company , the first public utility enterprise in the
world. So began almost two centuries of industrialisation and
manufacturing. Craftsmen and artists were still attracted to its
fringes, most notably,
William De Morgan
William De Morgan , a friend of William Morris
and a member of the
Arts and Crafts movement .
The growth of the
Temperance movement produced yet another brewery in
Fulham, only without any alcohol content. On an eight-acre site in
Sands End, just east of
Wandsworth Bridge , the Polish-born
Henry Lowenfeld built the
Kops Brewery that started
production in 1890. It lasted to the dawn of
World War I
World War I when it was
turned into a margarine factory and later turned to food logistics.
Fulham Council built its gasworks here, while MacFarlane
Lang had established its biscuit factory nearby.
Sands End became
noted as a close knit working class community in the industrial
Fulham with its gas works, power station and petrol depot
providing work for generations of local families.
Joseph Addison by Michael Dahl lowres
Gasholder at the former Imperial
William De Morgan
William De Morgan (c. 1890), Sands Ends Pottery: a tile inspired by
Middle Eastern patterns.
The Queen Elizabeth public house, Pearscroft Road
The Castle Club, Daisy Lane,
Chelsea Harbour Lock
The former Kops Brewery, Townmead Road,
A property boom begun in the 1970s coupled with the advent of
oil-fuelled processing of
North Sea oil
North Sea oil led to a process of
Gentrification with offices and studio businesses and flats on the
market for prices more customary in the centre of the capital. On the
northern bank of the Thames there is Hurlingham Retail Park, which
includes an electrical retailer and tile stores. There is also a
business enterprise centre in the Sulivan district. Across the other
side of Townmead Road there is a very large food and home wares
Imperial Wharf , a brownfield development of the
Gasworks which is growing to include a mixture of
affordable housing, both private and public, shops, a park and a new
Also in this part of
Fulham is South Park .
Wandsworth Bridge Road
Sands End and has restaurants, tile and pine furniture
shops, the Church of
England parish church of Saint Matthew.
Imperial Wharf train platforms
Because of the notoriously poor transport links for the area
(including Chelsea Harbour), including the absence of tube stations
due to the many medieval plague pits which deterred their building in
Victorian times, the nearby
Imperial Wharf station was opened on 27
September 2009, providing direct rail links with
Clapham Junction and
Willesden Junction via Kensington (Olympia) . Southern also provides
direct train services from
Imperial Wharf to Milton Keynes Central and
East Croydon . It is hoped that the area will be re-vitalized by the
new station and transport links in the areas which were previously
served only by bus routes 391 and C3. Harbour Pier in
River bus services are provided at peak hours by
Chelsea Harbour Pier , and offer transport to Putney and
Blackfriars Millennium Pier .
* ^ "
Fulham Ward population 2011". Neigfhbourhood
Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
* ^ Historic
England . "Sandford Manor House, Kings Road SW6
(1286723)". National Heritage List for
England . Retrieved 3 April
* ^ Denny, Barbara (1997).
Fulham Past. London: Historical
Publications. pp. 77–82. ISBN 0 948667 43 5 .
* ^ Féret, Charles (1900).
Fulham Old and New, vol.I-III (PDF).
III. Leadenhall Press. pp. 267–87. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
* ^ Barton, Nicholas (1992). The Lost Rivers of London. London:
Historical Publications. p. 147. ISBN 0 948667 15 X .
* ^ "