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Salento
Salento
(Salentu in the Salentino
Salentino
dialect) is a geographic region at the southern end of the administrative region of Apulia
Apulia
in Southern Italy. It is a sub-peninsula of the Italian Peninsula, sometimes described as the "heel" of the Italian "boot". It encompasses the entire administrative area of the province of Lecce, a large part of the province of Brindisi
Brindisi
and part of that of Taranto. The peninsula is also known as Terra d'Otranto, and in the past Sallentina. In ancient times it was called variously Calabria
Calabria
or Messapia.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Cities and towns in Salento

2.1.1 Province of Lecce 2.1.2 Province of Brindisi 2.1.3 Province of Taranto

3 Language 4 Transportation 5 Coastal towers 6 Gallery 7 See also 8 References

History[edit]

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Messapia (from Greek Μεσσαπία) was the ancient name of a region of Italy largely corresponding to modern Salento. It was inhabited chiefly by the Messapii
Messapii
in classical times. Pokorny derives the toponym from the reconstructed PIE
PIE
*medhyo-, "middle" and PIE *ap-, "water" (Mess-apia, "amid waters"). Pokorny compares the toponym Messapia to another ancient Italic toponym, Salapia, "salt water", a city in Apulia. Geography[edit]

Beach in Conca Specchiulla, north of Otranto.

Otranto
Otranto
harbour.

Santa Maria al Bagno
Santa Maria al Bagno
seaside.

16th century coastal tower of Salento, in Roca Vecchia.

Salento
Salento
peninsula is composed of limestone, dividing the Adriatic Sea from the Ionian Sea. Known also as "peninsula salentina", from a geo-morphologic point of view it encompasses the land borders between Ionian and the Adriatic Seas, to the “Messapic threshold”, a depression that runs along the Taranto- Ostuni
Ostuni
line and separates it from the Murge. Its borders are:

Taranto, in the Province of Taranto Pilone, in the territory of Ostuni, in the Province of Brindisi Santa Maria di Leuca, in the Province of Lecce.

Cities and towns in Salento[edit] Province of Lecce[edit] Acquarica del Capo, Alessano, Alezio, Alliste, Andrano, Aradeo, Arnesano, Bagnolo del Salento, Botrugno, Calimera, Campi Salentina, Cannole, Caprarica di Lecce, Carmiano, Carpignano Salentino, Casarano, Castri di Lecce, Castrignano de' Greci, Castrignano del Capo, Castro, Cavallino, Collepasso, Copertino, Corigliano d'Otranto, Corsano, Cursi, Cutrofiano, Diso, Gagliano del Capo, Galatina, Galatone, Gallipoli, Giuggianello, Giurdignano, Guagnano, Lecce, Lequile, Leverano, Lizzanello, Maglie, Martano, Martignano, Matino, Melendugno, Melissano, Melpignano, Miggiano, Minervino di Lecce, Monteroni di Lecce, Montesano Salentino, Morciano di Leuca, Muro Leccese, Nardò, Neviano, Nociglia, Novoli, Ortelle, Otranto, Palmariggi, Parabita, Patù, Poggiardo, Porto Cesareo, Presicce, Racale, Ruffano, Salice Salentino, Salve, San Cassiano, San Cesario di Lecce, San Donato di Lecce, San Pietro in Lama, Sanarica, Sannicola, Santa Cesarea Terme, Scorrano, Seclì, Sogliano Cavour, Soleto, Specchia, Spongano, Squinzano, Sternatia, Supersano, Surano, Surbo, Taurisano, Taviano, Tiggiano, Trepuzzi, Tricase, Tuglie, Ugento, Uggiano la Chiesa, Veglie, Vernole, Zollino. Province of Brindisi[edit] Brindisi, Carovigno, Cellino San Marco, Erchie, Francavilla Fontana, Latiano, Mesagne, Oria, San Donaci, San Michele Salentino, San Pancrazio Salentino, San Pietro Vernotico, San Vito dei Normanni, Torchiarolo, Torre Santa Susanna. Province of Taranto[edit] Avetrana, Carosino, Faggiano, Fragagnano, Grottaglie, Leporano, Lizzano, Manduria, Maruggio, Monteiasi, Monteparano, Pulsano, Roccaforzata, San Giorgio Ionico, San Marzano di San Giuseppe, Sava, Torricella. Language[edit]

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Salento, from a cultural and linguistic point of view, does not include the city of Taranto, where the Tarantino dialect
Tarantino dialect
is spoken, nor the part of the province of Taranto
Taranto
to the west of the city (where Pugliese is the dialect generally spoken), nor the rest of the province of Brindisi
Brindisi
to north of Ostuni
Ostuni
(where the accent is influenced by the dialect of Bari). To the south and east of the above areas, the Sicilian dialect of Salentino
Salentino
is spoken, as well as a Hellenic dialect known as Griko
Griko
– a Greek variety. Transportation[edit] The nearest international airports are those of Brindisi
Brindisi
and Bari (the latter is out of Salento
Salento
but not far). A 2-lane freeway connects Salento
Salento
to Bari. The main railway line ends at Lecce. Other locations are served by regional railroads. Leisure ports are those of: Taranto, Brindisi, Campomarino di Maruggio's tourist and leisure Marina, Gallipoli, Santa Maria di Leuca, Otranto. Coastal towers[edit] Main article: Coastal towers in Salento The coastal towers in Salento
Salento
are coastal watchtowers, as the peninsula's coast was long subject to maritime attacks. The first towers may have been Norman. The remaining historic towers are mostly from the 15th and 16th centuries. Many are now in ruins.[1][2] Gallery[edit]

View of Torre Sant'Andrea, part of Melendugno's "marina".

Alimini Grande Lake, near Otranto.

See also[edit]

Grecìa Salentina Salentino
Salentino
dialect Lecce Brindisi Gallipoli Otranto

References[edit] Media related to Coastal towers in Apulia
Apulia
at Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Salento.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Salento
Salento
(Italy).

^ "The Towers Of Salento
Salento
in Apulia
Apulia
- South Italy". Nel Salento. Retrieved 2009-08-17.  ^ "The vacances dans les Pouilles - Italy". Retrieved 2005-01-10. 

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Grecìa Salentina
Grecìa Salentina
(Salentinian Greece)

Calimera Castrignano de' Greci Corigliano d'Otranto Martano Martignano Melpignano Soleto Sternatia Zollino

Coordinates: 40°20′00″N 18°00′00″E / 40.33333°N 18.00000°E /

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