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SALENTO (_SALENTU_ in the Salentino dialect ) is a geographic region at the southern end of the administrative region of Apulia in Southern Italy. It is a sub-peninsula of the Italian Peninsula , sometimes described as the "heel" of the Italian "boot".

It encompasses the entire administrative area of the province of Lecce , a large part of the province of Brindisi and part of that of Taranto .

The peninsula is also known as Terra d\' Otranto , and in the past Sallentina. In ancient times it was called variously Calabria or Messapia.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Cities and towns in Salento

* 2.1.1 Province of Lecce * 2.1.2 Province of Brindisi * 2.1.3 Province of Taranto

* 3 Language * 4 Transportation * 5 Coastal towers * 6 Gallery * 7 See also * 8 References

HISTORY

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MESSAPIA (from Greek _Μεσσαπία_) was the ancient name of a region of Italy largely corresponding to modern Salento. It was inhabited chiefly by the Messapii in classical times. Pokorny derives the toponym from the reconstructed PIE _*medhyo-_, "middle" and PIE _*ap-_, "water " (_Mess-apia_, "amid waters"). Pokorny compares the toponym _Messapia_ to another ancient Italic toponym, _Salapia_, "salt water", a city in Apulia .

GEOGRAPHY

Beach in Conca Specchiulla, north of Otranto . Otranto harbour. Santa Maria al Bagno seaside. 16th century coastal tower of Salento , in Roca Vecchia .

Salento peninsula is composed of limestone , dividing the Adriatic Sea from the Ionian Sea . Known also as "peninsula salentina", from a geo-morphologic point of view it encompasses the land borders between Ionian and the Adriatic Seas, to the “Messapic threshold”, a depression that runs along the Taranto - Ostuni line and separates it from the Murge .

Its borders are:

* Taranto , in the Province of Taranto * Pilone , in the territory of Ostuni , in the Province of Brindisi * Santa Maria di Leuca , in the Province of Lecce .

CITIES AND TOWNS IN SALENTO

Province Of Lecce

Acquarica del Capo , Alessano , Alezio , Alliste , Andrano , Aradeo , Arnesano , Bagnolo del Salento , Botrugno , Calimera , Campi Salentina , Cannole , Caprarica di Lecce , Carmiano , Carpignano Salentino , Casarano , Castri di Lecce , Castrignano de\' Greci , Castrignano del Capo , Castro , Cavallino , Collepasso , Copertino , Corigliano d\' Otranto , Corsano , Cursi , Cutrofiano , Diso , Gagliano del Capo , Galatina , Galatone , Gallipoli , Giuggianello , Giurdignano , Guagnano , Lecce , Lequile , Leverano , Lizzanello , Maglie , Martano , Martignano , Matino , Melendugno , Melissano , Melpignano , Miggiano , Minervino di Lecce , Monteroni di Lecce , Montesano Salentino , Morciano di Leuca , Muro Leccese , Nardò , Neviano , Nociglia , Novoli , Ortelle , Otranto , Palmariggi , Parabita , Patù , Poggiardo , Porto Cesareo , Presicce , Racale , Ruffano , Salice Salentino , Salve , San Cassiano , San Cesario di Lecce , San Donato di Lecce , San Pietro in Lama , Sanarica , Sannicola , Santa Cesarea Terme , Scorrano , Seclì , Sogliano Cavour , Soleto , Specchia , Spongano , Squinzano , Sternatia , Supersano , Surano , Surbo , Taurisano , Taviano , Tiggiano , Trepuzzi , Tricase , Tuglie , Ugento , Uggiano la Chiesa , Veglie , Vernole , Zollino .

Province Of Brindisi

Brindisi , Carovigno , Cellino San Marco , Erchie , Francavilla Fontana , Latiano , Mesagne , Oria , San Donaci , San Michele Salentino , San Pancrazio Salentino , San Pietro Vernotico , San Vito dei Normanni , Torchiarolo , Torre Santa Susanna .

Province Of Taranto

Avetrana , Carosino , Faggiano , Fragagnano , Grottaglie , Leporano , Lizzano , Manduria , Maruggio , Monteiasi , Monteparano , Pulsano , Roccaforzata , San Giorgio Ionico , San Marzano di San Giuseppe , Sava , Torricella .

LANGUAGE

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Salento, from a cultural and linguistic point of view, does not include the city of Taranto, where the Tarantino dialect is spoken, nor the part of the province of Taranto to the west of the city (where Pugliese is the dialect generally spoken), nor the rest of the province of Brindisi to north of Ostuni (where the accent is influenced by the dialect of Bari).

To the south and east of the above areas, a romance dialect known as Salentino is spoken, as well as a Hellenic dialect known as Griko – a legacy of the settlement of Greeks in southern Italy during ancient times.

TRANSPORTATION

The nearest international airports are those of Brindisi and Bari (the latter is out of Salento but not far).

A 2-lane freeway connects Salento to Bari. The main railway line ends at Lecce . Other locations are served by regional railroads.

Leisure ports are those of: Taranto , Brindisi , Campomarino di Maruggio's tourist and leisure Marina, Gallipoli , Santa Maria di Leuca , Otranto .

COASTAL TOWERS

Main article: Coastal towers in Salento

The coastal towers in Salento are coastal watchtowers , as the peninsula's coast was long subject to maritime attacks. The first towers may have been Norman. The remaining historic towers are mostly from the 15th and 16th centuries. Many are now in ruins.

GALLERY

View of Torre Sant'Andrea, part of Melendugno 's "marina". Alimini Grande Lake, near Otranto.

SEE ALSO

* Grecìa Salentina * Salentino dialect * Lecce * Brindisi * Gallipoli * Otranto

REFERENCES

_ Media related to Coastal towers in Apulia at Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SALENTO _.

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for SALENTO (ITALY) _.

* ^ "The Towers Of Salento in Apulia - South Italy". _Nel Salento_. Retrieved 2009-08-17. * ^ "The vacances dans les Pouilles - Italy". Retrieved 2005-01-10.

* v * t * e

Grecìa Salentina (Salentinian Greece )

* Calimera * Castrignano de\' Greci * Corigliano d\' Otranto * Martano * Martignano * Melpignano * Soleto * Sternatia * Zollino

Coordinates : 40°20′00″N 18°00′00″E / 40.33333°N 18.00000°E / 40.33333; 18.00000 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Salento additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

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