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The Saale
Saale
(German pronunciation: [ˈzaːlə]), also known as the Saxon Saale
Saale
(German: Sächsische Saale) and Thuringian Saale
Saale
(German: Thüringische Saale), is a river in Germany
Germany
and a left-bank tributary of the Elbe. It is not to be confused with the smaller Franconian Saale, a right-bank tributary of the Main, or the Saale
Saale
in Lower Saxony, a tributary of the Leine.

Contents

1 Course 2 Geography 3 Tributaries 4 Etymology 5 See also 6 References 7 Sources

Course[edit]

Saale
Saale
in Bad Kösen

The Saale
Saale
originates on the slope of the Großer Waldstein
Großer Waldstein
mountain near Zell in the Fichtelgebirge
Fichtelgebirge
in Upper Franconia
Upper Franconia
(Bavaria), at an elevation of 728 metres (2,388 ft). It pursues a winding course in a northern direction, and after passing the manufacturing town of Hof, enters Thuringia. It flows amid well-wooded low mountains of the Thuringian Forest
Thuringian Forest
until it reaches the valley of Saalfeld. After leaving Saalfeld
Saalfeld
the Saale
Saale
reaches Rudolstadt. Here it receives the waters of the Schwarza, in whose valley lies the ruined castle of Schwarzburg, the ancestral seat of the formerly ruling House of Schwarzburg. From Saalfeld
Saalfeld
the Saale
Saale
enters the limestone hill region north of the Thuringian Forest, and sweeps beneath the barren, conical hills enclosing the university town of Jena. It enters Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
and passes the spa of Bad Kösen, washes numerous vine-clad hills and, after receiving the deep and navigable Unstrut
Unstrut
at Naumburg, flows past Weißenfels, Merseburg, Halle, Bernburg
Bernburg
and Calbe. It finally joins the Elbe
Elbe
just above Barby, after traversing a distance of 413 kilometres (257 mi)[1]—shortened 14 kilometres (9 mi) by a bypass from its natural length of 427 kilometres (265 mi). The Saale
Saale
is navigable from Naumburg
Naumburg
and is also planned connected from Leuna
Leuna
with the White Elster
White Elster
near Leipzig
Leipzig
by an unfinished canal. The soil of the lower part of its valley is exceptionally fertile, and produces, amongst other crops, large supplies of sugar beet. Among its tributaries are the White Elster, Regnitz
Regnitz
and Orla on the right bank, and the Ilm, Unstrut, Salza, Wipper and Bode on the left. Its upper course is rapid. Its valley, down to Merseburg, contains many castles which crown the enclosing heights. Geography[edit] Originating in Zell, the Saale
Saale
flows through – Sparneck
Sparneck
Weißdorf
Weißdorf
– Seulbitz – Förbau – Schwarzenbach an der Saale
Schwarzenbach an der Saale
– Fattigau – Oberkotzau
Oberkotzau
– Hof – Brunnenthal – Saalenstein – Joditz – Landesgrenze Bayern/Thüringen – Hirschberg – Sparnberg – Rudolphstein – Blankenberg – Blankenstein
Blankenstein
Harra
Harra
– Saaldorf – Saalburg – Poeritzsch – Gräfenwarth – Burgk
Burgk
– Walsburg – Ziegenrück
Ziegenrück
– Neidenberga – Hohenwarte
Hohenwarte
– Eichicht – Kaulsdorf – Fischersdorf – Weischwitz – Reschwitz – Breternitz
Breternitz
Saalfeld
Saalfeld
– Schwarza – Volkstedt – Rudolstadt
Rudolstadt
– Catharinau – Kolkwitz – Weißen – Uhlstädt – Rückersdorf – Zeutsch – Niederkrossen – Orlamünde
Orlamünde
Freienorla
Freienorla
Großeutersdorf
Großeutersdorf
Kleineutersdorf
Kleineutersdorf
Kahla
Kahla
Großpürschütz
Großpürschütz
– Jägersdorf – Rothenstein – Maua – Lobeda – Jena
Jena
– Zwätzen – Porstendorf – Dornburg – Dorndorf-Steudnitz
Dorndorf-Steudnitz
Wichmar
Wichmar
Camburg
Camburg
– Tümpling – Großheringen
Großheringen
– Kleinheringen – Landesgrenze Thüringen/Sachsen-Anhalt – Stendorf – Saaleck – Bad Kösen
Bad Kösen
Naumburg
Naumburg
– Schellsitz - Schönburg – Eulau – Goseck
Goseck
Leißling
Leißling
– Lobitzsch – Uichteritz
Uichteritz
– Markweben – Weißenfels
Weißenfels
– Dehlitz – Schkortleben
Schkortleben
– Kleinkorbetha – Großkorbetha
Großkorbetha
Oebles-Schlechtewitz
Oebles-Schlechtewitz
Wengelsdorf
Wengelsdorf
– Bad Dürrenberg – Kröllwitz – Leuna
Leuna
– Trebnitz – Merseburg
Merseburg
– Meuschau – Freiimfelde – Schkopau
Schkopau
– Korbetha – Hohenweiden – Rockendorf – Holleben – Halle – Kröllwitz – Lettin – Brachwitz
Brachwitz
– Schiepzig – Salzmünde
Salzmünde
– Pfützthal – Döblitz
Döblitz
– Zaschwitz – Wettin – Kloschwitz
Kloschwitz
– Rumpin – Dobis – Friedeburg – Zickeritz – Rothenburg – Nelben – Gnölbzig – Trebnitz – Alsleben – Poplitz – Großwirschleben – Plötzkau – Gröna
Gröna
– Neuborna – Bernburg
Bernburg
– Dröbel – Nienburg – Wedlitz
Wedlitz
– Damaschkeplan – Wispitz – Calbe
Calbe
(Saale) – Trabitz – Groß Rosenburg
Groß Rosenburg
– Werkleitz Tributaries[edit]

Left (from source to mouth):

Schwarza Ilm Unstrut Wipper Bode

Right:

Orla Weisse Elster

Etymology[edit]

This section's factual accuracy is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on Talk:Saale. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced. (May 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The name Saale
Saale
comes from a Proto-Indo-European root *séles ‘marsh’, akin to Welsh hêl, heledd ‘river meadow’, Cornish heyl ‘estuary’, Greek hélos ‘marsh, meadow’, Sanskrit
Sanskrit
sáras ‘lake, pond’, Sárasvati ‘sacred river’, Old Persian
Old Persian
Harauvati ‘Hārūt River; Arachosia’, Avestan
Avestan
Haraxvatī ‘id’. See also[edit]

Saale-Unstrut, a wine-growing region

References[edit]

^ a b c Michael Bergemann (2015-07-01). "Gesamtliste der Fließgewässer im Elbeeinzugsgebiet" (PDF; 791 kB) (in German). Arbeitsgemeinschaft für die Reinhaltung der Elbe. Retrieved 2018-03-21.  ^ Federal Water and Navigation Authority

Sources[edit]

Ernst-Otto Luthardt, Reinhard Feldrapp: An der Saale. Vom Fichtelgebirge
Fichtelgebirge
durch Thüringen bis zur Elbe. Würzburg 1990. ISBN 3-8035-1335-9 Wolf Thieme, Markus Altmann (Fotos): Mitten ins Herz. Sie entspringt in Bayern, durchquert Thüringen und fließt in Sachsen-Anhalt in die Elbe
Elbe
– die Saale
Saale
ist ein Fluss, der alles verbindet. Und jedem Spaß macht: dem Sportler, dem Kulturfreund, dem Faulenzer. In: stern Nr. 26 (22. Juni 2006), S. 84-89. (Online-Version)

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 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Saale". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247174034 LCCN: sh85116

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