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The SAALE (German pronunciation: ), also known as the SAXON SAALE (German : _Sächsische Saale_) and THURINGIAN SAALE (German : _Thüringische Saale_), is a river in Germany and a left-bank tributary of the Elbe . It is not to be confused with the smaller Franconian Saale , a right-bank tributary of the Main , or the Saale in Lower Saxony , a tributary of the Leine .

CONTENTS

* 1 Course * 2 Geography * 3 Tributaries * 4 Etymology * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources

COURSE

Saale in Bad Kösen

The Saale originates on the slope of the Großer Waldstein mountain near Zell in the Fichtelgebirge in Upper Franconia ( Bavaria ), at an elevation of 728 metres (2,388 ft). It pursues a winding course in a northern direction, and after passing the manufacturing town of Hof , enters Thuringia . It flows amid well-wooded low mountains of the Thuringian Forest until it reaches the valley of Saalfeld . After leaving Saalfeld the Saale reaches Rudolstadt . Here it receives the waters of the Schwarza , in whose valley lies the ruined castle of Schwarzburg , the ancestral seat of the formerly ruling House of Schwarzburg .

From Saalfeld the Saale enters the limestone hill region north of the Thuringian Forest, and sweeps beneath the barren, conical hills enclosing the university town of Jena . It enters Saxony-Anhalt and passes the spa of Bad Kösen , washes numerous vine-clad hills and, after receiving the deep and navigable Unstrut at Naumburg , flows past Weißenfels , Merseburg , Halle , Bernburg and Calbe . It finally joins the Elbe just above Barby , after traversing a distance of 413 kilometres (257 mi)—shortened 14 kilometres (9 mi) by a bypass from its natural length of 427 kilometres (265 mi).

The Saale is navigable from Naumburg and is also planned connected from Leuna with the White Elster near Leipzig by an unfinished canal. The soil of the lower part of its valley is exceptionally fertile, and produces, amongst other crops, large supplies of sugar beet . Among its tributaries are the White Elster, Regnitz and Orla on the right bank, and the Ilm , Unstrut, Salza , Wipper and Bode on the left. Its upper course is rapid. Its valley, down to Merseburg, contains many castles which crown the enclosing heights.

GEOGRAPHY

Originating in Zell , the Saale flows through – Sparneck Weißdorf – Seulbitz – Förbau – Schwarzenbach an der Saale – Fattigau – Oberkotzau – Hof – Brunnenthal – Saalenstein – Joditz – Landesgrenze Bayern/Thüringen – Hirschberg – Sparnberg – Rudolphstein – Blankenberg – Blankenstein Harra – Saaldorf – Saalburg – Poeritzsch – Gräfenwarth – Burgk – Walsburg – Ziegenrück – Neidenberga – Hohenwarte – Eichicht – Kaulsdorf – Fischersdorf – Weischwitz – Reschwitz – Breternitz Saalfeld – Schwarza – Volkstedt – Rudolstadt – Catharinau – Kolkwitz – Weißen – Uhlstädt – Rückersdorf – Zeutsch – Niederkrossen – Orlamünde Freienorla Großeutersdorf Kleineutersdorf Kahla Großpürschütz – Jägersdorf – Rothenstein – Maua – Lobeda – Jena – Zwätzen – Porstendorf – Dornburg – Dorndorf-Steudnitz Wichmar Camburg – Tümpling – Großheringen – Kleinheringen – Landesgrenze Thüringen/Sachsen-Anhalt – Stendorf – Saaleck – Bad Kösen Naumburg – Schellsitz - Schönburg – Eulau – Goseck Leißling – Lobitzsch – Uichteritz – Markweben – Weißenfels – Dehlitz – Schkortleben – Kleinkorbetha – Großkorbetha Oebles-Schlechtewitz Wengelsdorf – Bad Dürrenberg – Kröllwitz – Leuna – Trebnitz – Merseburg – Meuschau – Freiimfelde – Schkopau – Korbetha – Hohenweiden – Rockendorf – Holleben – Halle – Kröllwitz – Lettin – Brachwitz – Schiepzig – Salzmünde – Pfützthal – Döblitz – Zaschwitz – Wettin – Kloschwitz – Rumpin – Dobis – Friedeburg – Zickeritz – Rothenburg – Nelben – Gnölbzig – Trebnitz – Alsleben – Poplitz – Großwirschleben – Plötzkau – Gröna – Neuborna – Bernburg – Dröbel – Nienburg – Wedlitz – Damaschkeplan – Wispitz – Calbe (Saale) – Trabitz – Groß Rosenburg – Werkleitz

TRIBUTARIES

Left (from source to mouth):

* Schwarza * Ilm * Unstrut * Wipper * Bode

Right:

* Orla * Weisse Elster

ETYMOLOGY

_ This section's FACTUAL ACCURACY IS DISPUTED . Relevant discussion may be found on Talk: Saale . Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced . (May 2016)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_

The name _Saale_ comes from a Proto-Indo-European root *_séles_ ‘marsh’, akin to Welsh _hêl, heledd_ ‘river meadow’, Cornish _heyl_ ‘estuary’, Greek _hélos_ ‘marsh, meadow’, Sanskrit _sáras_ ‘lake, pond’, _Sárasvati _ ‘sacred river’, Old Persian _Harauvati_ ‘Hārūt River ; Arachosia ’, Avestan _Haraxvatī_ ‘id’.

SEE ALSO

* Saale- Unstrut , a wine -growing region

REFERENCES

* ^ Federal Water and Navigation Authority

SOURCES

* Ernst-Otto Luthardt, Reinhard Feldrapp : _An der Saale. Vom Fichtelgebirge durch Thüringen bis zur Elbe._ Würzburg 1990. ISBN 3-8035-1335-9 * Wolf Thieme, Markus Altmann (Fotos): _Mitten ins Herz. Sie entspringt in Bayern, durchquert Thüringen und fließt in Sachsen-Anhalt in die Elbe – die Saale ist ein Fluss, der alles verbindet. Und jedem Spaß macht: dem Sportler, dem Kulturfreund, dem Faulenzer._ In: stern Nr. 26 (22. Juni 2006), S. 84-89. (Online-Version)

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to SAALE _.

* _ This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Saale". Encyclopædia Britannica _. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 247174034 * LCCN : sh85116160 * GND : 4051085-2

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