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Ruthin
Ruthin
(/ˈrɪθɪn/ ( listen) RITH-in; Welsh: Rhuthun) is the county town of Denbighshire
Denbighshire
in north Wales. Located in the southern part of the Vale of Clwyd, the older part of the town, the castle and St Peter's Square lie on a hill, while many newer parts are in the flood plain of the River Clwyd. This became apparent several times in the late 1990s – flood-control works costing £3 million were completed in autumn 2003.[3] Ruthin
Ruthin
is skirted by villages such as Pwllglas
Pwllglas
and Rhewl. The name comes from the Welsh words rhudd (red) and din (fort), referring to the colour of the red sandstone bedrock,[4] of which the castle was built in 1277–84. The original name was Castell Coch yng Ngwern-fôr (Red Castle in the Sea Swamps). The mill is nearby. Maen Huail
Maen Huail
is a registered ancient monument attributed to the brother of Gildas
Gildas
and King Arthur, located outside Barclays Bank
Barclays Bank
in St Peter's Square.

Contents

1 Demographics 2 History 3 Education 4 Transport

4.1 Bus 4.2 Rail

5 Sport 6 Tourism

6.1 Ruthin
Ruthin
Gaol 6.2 The Craft Centre 6.3 Nantclwyd y Dre 6.4 Cae Ddôl

7 Listed buildings

7.1 St Peter's Square 7.2 Clwyd
Clwyd
St

7.2.1 Porth y Dŵr

7.3 Castle Street 7.4 Record Street 7.5 Well Street 7.6 Other areas 7.7 Rose Cottage 7.8 Scott House

8 Notable people 9 Geography 10 Twin town 11 Crime rate 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Demographics[edit] The population at the 2001 Census was 5,218,[5] of whom 47 per cent were male and 53 per cent female. The average age of the population was 43.0 years and the population is 98.2 per cent "white". According to the 2011 census, 68 per cent were born in Wales
Wales
and 25 per cent in England. Welsh speakers account for 42 per cent of the town's population. History[edit]

Clwyd
Clwyd
Street, Rhuthun circa 1875.

Clock tower on St Peter's Square. In the background are the Myddleton Arms pub, Castle Hotel, and HSBC bank

Exmewe Hall, on St Peter's Square, is now Barclays Bank. Despite appearances, it was reconstructed entirely in the 20th century from modern materials

The town War Memorial

Denbighshire
Denbighshire
County Council built a new headquarters building in 2004-05

There is evidence of Celtic and later Roman settlements in the area. However, little is known of the history of the town before the construction of Ruthin Castle
Ruthin Castle
was started in 1277 by Dafydd, the brother of prince Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. However, he forfeited the castle when he rebelled against King Edward I with his brother; Edward's queen, Eleanor, was in residence in 1281. The Marcher Lord, Reginald de Grey, Justiciar of Chester, was given the Cantref (an administrative district) of Deffrencloyt (Dyffryn Clwyd, the Welsh for Vale of Clwyd), and his family ran the area for the next 226 years. The third Baron de Grey's land dispute with Owain Glyndŵr
Owain Glyndŵr
triggered Glyndŵr's rebellion against King Henry IV, which began on 16 September 1400, when Glyndŵr burned Ruthin
Ruthin
to the ground, reputedly leaving only the castle and a few other buildings standing.[6] The Lord de Grey established a Collegiate Church in 1310. Now the Collegiate and Parish Church of St Peter, it dominates the Ruthin skyline. It has a double nave and boasts two medieval carved roofs. These days it is known for its musical tradition. It has a large choir of children and adults and a four-manual Wadsworth-Willis organ. Behind the church can be seen the old college buildings, school and Christ's Hospital. A Ruthin
Ruthin
native, Sir Thomas Exmewe
Thomas Exmewe
was Lord Mayor of the City of London in 1517–18. The half-timbered Old Court House (built in 1401), on the square, features the remains of a gibbet last used to execute a Franciscan priest, Charles Meehan, also known as Mahoney. He was shipwrecked on the Welsh coast at a time when Catholicism was equated with treason — Meehan was hanged, drawn, and quartered in 1679.[7] He was beatified by Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
in 1987 as one of the Eighty-five martyrs of England and Wales. During the English Civil War, the castle survived an eleven-week siege, after which it was demolished by order of Parliament. It was rebuilt in the 19th century as a country house, which has now been turned into the luxury Ruthin Castle
Ruthin Castle
Hotel. From 1826 until 1921 the castle was the home of the Cornwallis-West family, members of Victorian and Edwardian high society. In its 18th-century heyday as a town on drovers' routes from Wales into England, Ruthin
Ruthin
was reputed to have "a pub for every week of the year". By 2007, however, there were only eleven pubs in the town. The public records of 23 October 1891 show 31 such establishments serving a population of 3186; most of these have been converted into housing or shops. The Ruthin Union Workhouse
The Ruthin Union Workhouse
was built in 1834. The first copies of the Welsh national anthem, Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau, were printed in what is now the Siop Nain
Siop Nain
tea and gift shop on Well Street. In 1863 the Denbigh, Ruthin
Ruthin
and Corwen
Corwen
Railway, which linked in Denbigh
Denbigh
with the Vale of Clwyd
Clwyd
Railway (subsequently part of the London and North Western Railway, the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, and British Rail) reached the town. The route ran from Rhyl on the north coast, through Denbigh
Denbigh
and Ruthin
Ruthin
to Corwen. Thereafter the line joined a route from Ruabon
Ruabon
through Llangollen, Corwen
Corwen
and Bala to Barmouth. The railway and Ruthin railway station
Ruthin railway station
closed in 1963 under the Beeching Axe. The site of the town's railway station is now occupied by a large road roundabout (Brieg Roundabout) and the Ruthin
Ruthin
Craft Centre, which originally opened in 1982, but was rebuilt and reopened in 2008.[8]. Ruthin
Ruthin
hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1868 and 1973. The Urdd National Eisteddfod visited Ruthin
Ruthin
in 1992 and 2006.[9] Education[edit] The town's principal school is Ysgol Brynhyfryd (Brynhyfryd School), a comprehensive school for 11 to 18-year-olds. It was founded in c1830 as a Grade II listed building as the home of local solicitor before becoming in 1898 Ruthin
Ruthin
County School for Girls (the town's boys travelling five miles by train to Denbigh
Denbigh
High School, and vice versa). The school went co-educational with feeder junior schools up to around six miles away in 1938. The school underwent building work in the 1950s, in the early 1970s (when the number of pupils increased from 700 to 1000 in a few years, when the minimum school-leaving age was raised from 15 to 16), and in 2001–2.The listed building becoming the Sixth Form Centre The school's sports facilities, including the swimming pool are used as the town's Leisure Centre, and also feature a theatre and arts complex, Theatr John Ambrose, named after the late headmaster of the school in the 1980s and 1990s. This was opened by the actor Rhys Ifans, a former pupil of Ysgol Pentrecelyn
Pentrecelyn
and Ysgol Maes Garmon in Mold, but brought up in Ruthin.

Pupils at a science laboratory at Ruthin
Ruthin
School

In 1574 Dr Gabriel Goodman
Gabriel Goodman
re-founded Ruthin School
Ruthin School
which had been founded in 1284 and is one of the oldest private schools in the United Kingdom. In 1590, Goodman established Christ's Hospital for 12 poor persons around St Peter's Church on the square, and was Dean of Westminster for 40 years (1561–1601). Ruthin School
Ruthin School
is a co-educational boarding and day school, with 227 pupils overall, 145 boarders and 82 day students (2014).[10] In September 2013, the school bought Ye Old Anchor, after its closure as a hotel in November 2012. The hotel has been transformed into a new boarding house, providing accommodation for 30 upper sixth-form students.[11] Transport[edit] Bus[edit] Ruthin
Ruthin
has regular daytime bus services on Mondays to Saturdays, with the last bus on most routes leaving between 5.30 and 7.30 pm. There is no service on Sundays or public holidays.[12]. Routes serving Ruthin are Stagecoach routes 1 and 2 to Mold
Mold
(route 1 via Llanarmon and Llanferres, route 2 via Llanarmon, Graianrhyd, and Erryrys), X1 runs three times a day to Chester
Chester
via Llanferres
Llanferres
and Mold
Mold
– frequency of the buses to Mold
Mold
varies throughout the day between 30 minutes and 2 hours. Route X51 operated by Arriva gives a basically hourly service between Rhyl, Denbigh, Ruthin, and Wrexham
Wrexham
(the Rhyl
Rhyl
bus station is adjacent to the railway station, providing Ruthin's most convenient access to the national rail network, while Wrexham
Wrexham
railway station is a short distance from its bus station). Route 55, operated by Llew Jones Coaches, operates to Corwen
Corwen
at intervals of between 50 and 135 minutes throughout the day, with three buses being extended to Llangollen, and two of them via Llangollen
Llangollen
to Wrexham. Route 76, operated by M & H Coaches, runs six times a day between Denbigh and Ruthin
Ruthin
via the villages of Llandyrnog, Llangynhafal, and Llanbedr DC; two of the services additionally serve Llanfair DC, Graigfechan, and Pentrecelyn. Less regular services include the weekly route 71 on Fridays, between Corwen, Cerrigydrudion, Ruthin, and Morrisons' supermarket in Denbigh; route 72 which operates on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays for the communities of Cyffylliog, Clocaenog, Bontuchel, Betws Gwerfil Goch, Melin-y-Wig, Derwen, and Clawddnewydd. Ruthin
Ruthin
town has route 73, operating three buses a day around Ruthin
Ruthin
on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Rail[edit]

Ruthin
Ruthin
station 1963

The Ruthin
Ruthin
railway line and station were closed in the 1960s. Prior to the closure, Ruthin
Ruthin
was connected by rail to Denbigh
Denbigh
and Rhyl
Rhyl
to the north, and Corwen
Corwen
in the south. In 1858, it was intended to extend the Vale of Clwyd
Clwyd
line from Denbigh to Ruthin. The new line was to run alongside the race-course in the town park (now Parc-y Dre housing) to the Station Hotel (renamed Park Place Hotel) which was to be the new railway hotel. However the West family successfully objected to the line going through the castle park towards Corwen. The route was diverted to the north of the town alongside the road to Wrexham
Wrexham
and the Station Hotel renamed. Opposite Station Road lies Railway Terrace a row of Grade II listed buildings which were built in 1864 with clear evidence of the trains running in a cutting, just in front of the houses. The first sod was cut in September 1860 by Mrs Florence West, with inaugural service starting on St David's day 1862. To commemorate the occasion as well as many festivities a special song was composed with words by T Ab Gwilym, music by B Williams and published by Isaac Clarke. The line covered six and three quarter miles with stations at Rhewl and Llanrhaiadr.[13] Sport[edit] The football team is Ruthin Town F. C.
Ruthin Town F. C.
and the rugby team is Ruthin/Rhuthun R. F. C – (Teams: Minis, Youth, 3rd XV, 2nd XV, 1st XV & Women's XV [2] [3]). The 17th-century Crown House, on Well Street, houses the head office of The Broadcasting Company, Europe's largest radio sports agency.[14] On 13 June 1981 Ruthin
Ruthin
hosted the Annual General Meeting of the International Football Association Board, the body which determines the laws of football.[15] Ruthin
Ruthin
Leisure Centre Mold
Mold
Road. Swimming pool, Fitness Suite. [4] Telephone 01824 703880 Llanfwrog Community Centre Mwrog Street.Tennis, Golf driving range, Bowls, Cafe. Telephone 01824 702885 [5] Tourism[edit] Ruthin
Ruthin
Gaol[edit] Main article: Ruthin
Ruthin
Gaol

The old Gaol is now a museum. This is a view of the courtyard.

Ruthin Gaol
Ruthin Gaol
ceased to be a prison in 1916 when the prisoners and guards were transferred to Shrewsbury. The County Council bought the buildings in 1926 and used part of them for offices, the county archives, and the town library. During the Second World War
Second World War
the prison buildings were used as a munitions factory, before being handed back to the County Council, when it was the headquarters of the Denbighshire
Denbighshire
Library Service. In 2004 the Gaol was extensively renovated and reopened as a museum.[16]

Ruthin Gaol
Ruthin Gaol
is a Grade 2* listed building

The first House of Correction, or Bridewell, was built at the bottom of Clwyd
Clwyd
Street, next to the river, in 1654, to replace the Old Court House, where able-bodied idlers and the unemployed were sent to work. Following John Howard's investigations into prison conditions the Denbighshire
Denbighshire
justices resolved to build a new model prison in Ruthin on the site of the old Bridewell. Work began in January 1775. In 1802 the prison had four cells for prisoners and nine rooms for debtors. By 1837 it could hold 37 inmates. The Prisons Act of 1865 set new standards for the design of prisons — as the Ruthin
Ruthin
County Gaol did not meet the standards plans were drawn up for a new four-storey wing, and the new prison accommodating up to 100 prisoners, in the style of London's Pentonville Prison was built at a cost of £12,000. On 1 April 1878 the Ruthin
Ruthin
County Gaol became HM Prison Ruthin, covering the counties of Denbighshire, Flintshire, and Merionethshire. As far as is known, only one person was ever executed in the prison, William Hughes of Denbigh, aged 42, who was hanged on 17 February 1903 for the murder of his wife, his plea of insanity having failed. Another colourful prison personality was John Jones, known as Coch Bach y Bala – who was a kleptomaniac and poacher who had spent more than half his 60 years in all the prisons of north Wales
Wales
and many in England; he twice escaped from Ruthin
Ruthin
Gaol, first on 30 November 1879 when he walked out of prison with three others while the staff were having supper — a £5 reward was offered for his capture, which happened the following 3 January. On 30 September 1913 he tunnelled out of his cell and using a rope made out of his bedding he climbed over the roof of the chapel and kitchen and got over the wall; after seven days living rough on the Nantclwyd Estate several miles away, Jones was shot in the leg by one of his pursuers, 19-year-old Reginald Jones-Bateman. Jones died of shock and blood loss, while Jones-Bateman was charged with manslaughter, though the charges were subsequently dropped. Most Haunted: Midsummer Murders filmed the series' fifth episode in Ruthin, where the team investigated a Victorian Era
Victorian Era
murder. Locations included the Old Gaol and the town library. The Craft Centre[edit] Main article: Ruthin
Ruthin
Craft Centre The Craft Centre had 10 studios occupied by craftsmen who could be observed by tourists working at glass blowing, ceramic manufacture, painting, furniture restoration, etc. The original Craft Centre was demolished early in 2007, and a new Craft Centre opened in July 2008 in a £4.3 million scheme which contains six craft workshops, larger galleries and an expanded craft retail gallery, two residency studios, an education space and a tourist information centre, as well as a restaurant.[17][18] Nantclwyd y Dre[edit]

Nantclwyd y Dre
Nantclwyd y Dre
looking North on Castle Street

Main article: Nantclwyd y Dre Nantclwyd y Dre
Nantclwyd y Dre
(previously known as Tŷ Nantclwyd), in Castle Street, was built about 1435 by a local merchant Gronw ap Madoc. The building was sold to the county council in 1982, restored from 2004, and opened to the public in 2007. It contains seven rooms which have been restored to represent various periods in the building's history, visitors can also observe a colony of Lesser horseshoe bats in the attic rooms.[19] Behind the house are two gardens, the 13th-century inner garden and the outer Lord's Garden, itself believed to have been part of a 13th-century developed castle garden.[20] Restored in the 18th century, Lord's Garden is now itself Grade II listed. In December 2013, the council successfully applied for a grant of £177,600 from the Heritage Lottery Fund, which will see Lord's Garden restored and opened to the public by 2015.[21][22] Cae Ddôl[edit]

Cae Ddôl, 1920

This is Ruthin's main park area, which includes a children's play area, a lake, walks and picnic area. A skate park was built in 2007 and a zip wire and trim trail added later. The River Clwyd
Clwyd
runs through the park. Listed buildings[edit] According to the historian Peter Smith, "Until the 18th century most towns in Wales
Wales
had many black-and-white houses (such as Tŷ Nantclwyd y Dre). Ruthin
Ruthin
is the only example we have left. It should be carefully conserved, as the last memory we have of these towns."[23] Seven Eyes
Seven Eyes
is a Grade II* listed building of some importance situated in St Peter's Square. St Peter's Square[edit]

St Peter's Church

Main article: Collegiate and Parochial Church of St Peter, Ruthin St Peter's Church is the parish church of Ruthin. It is in the diocese of St Asaph.[24] Parts are as old as 1282.

The Myddleton Arms

The Myddleton Arms
Myddleton Arms
is also known as the Seven Eyes. It is said to have been built in the 14th century. The Dutch style design, long, steeped roof is attributed to Sir Richard Clough, an Elizabethan merchant. It has four tiers of dormer windows, each at a different elevation, known locally as the seven eyes of Ruthin. The property was acquired in 1595 by Sir Hugh Myddleton
Hugh Myddleton
who provided London with it first fresh water supply. The view of The Myddleton on the square is, in fact, the rear of the building. The front of the building looked out over the Clwydian hills.

HSBC Bank

Formerly a confectionery and bakery shop rented by Mr Thomas Trehearne, the property was owned by the Castle estate. The property also served as a chemist's shop, and later Dick's boot store. On 1 May 1898 Mr Harris Jones took the lease of the property for 21 years as a draper, hosier, glover and dressmaker, he also sold oilcloths, linoleum and other floor coverings. The shop and house were put up for sale in the 1913 by the castle estate along with the Castle Hotel and the Myddleton Arms, which were purchased by Mr William Owen. His lease expired in 1919 with Mr Jones transferring to what is now Gayla House, where he converted the ground floor from residential to retail premises in 1923. The premises are now owned by HSBC Bank.

Exmewe House

Formerly the Beehive, which served for 75 years as general drapery and millinery shop. The exact date of the building is not known, but remains of timber framing with wattle and daub indicate that the building is very old. An advertisement claimed the building to be constructed prior to 1397. The main section of the building was demolished to make way for the bank. Ruthin
Ruthin
Court Rolls refer to a man named Telemann in Ruthin
Ruthin
and to a house "in the high St". The rolls record that, in 1397, Howell de Rowell passed it to John Le Sergant. Little is known of the family – possibly a retainer of Edward 1st or Reginald de Grey, probably of Norman French descent. On 24 February, Sergant surrendered tenancy to his daughter Sibilia. The property passed to the Exmewe family by the marriage of Sibilia to Richard Exmewe, their son Thomas was Lord Mayor of London in 1517. Little is known of Exmewe family. Thomas moved to London, deciding to sell his Ruthin
Ruthin
Estate of Exmewe House He sold the house to fellow mercer, Edward Goodman. Exmewe House or Nant Clwyd-y-Dre could have been the birthplace of Gabriel Goodman, as the family had connections with both properties. Details of the next 200 years are not clear: it became the King's Arms in the occupation of John Price. It then became the Queen's Arms (during the reign of Queen Anne 1702–1714). The property was purchased for £300 on 5 November 1718 by Robert Myddleton of Chirk.[25] During the 19th century, the property was used as a chemist's until 1913. The property was sold as part of the Castle Estate sales in 1913/1919 for £1275 to Mr Lecomber, who, in turn, sold it to Barclays Bank, which modernised it to what can be seen today.

The Post Office

Now trading as the Celtic Hair Studio at 2 Well Street. Originally a public house, reputedly built in 1401, possibly the oldest pub in Ruthin. Lewis Jones, in his 1884 "Handbook For Ruthin
Ruthin
and the Vicinity", states that the old property, formerly the Ruth Inn, was adapted to the business of a post office about 25 years previously. It ceased trading in 1773. In 1850, the building was transformed into a draper's, later becoming the town post office until 1904. The site of the present post office was possibly a medieval Carmelite priory of White Friars said to be founded and built by Reginald de Grey and partly destroyed by the Reformation. De Grey also provided a large piece of land close to the castle known as Whitefriars. During the 1860s and 1870s the site housed the Queen's Head public house and a horse-feed chandler; both buildings were destroyed by the 1904 fire when the new post office was built in 1906. Clwyd
Clwyd
St[edit]

Reebees

Located at 33, 35 and 37 Clwyd
Clwyd
Street opposite the gaol. Now a florist, it was originally the Red Lion public house. In 1824 the hangman, Sam Burrows, was staying at the Red Lion on the night before the execution of John Connor, a highway robber. He gave a detailed demonstration of how he actually hanged a man, unfortunately the stool was accidentally kicked away and Burrows almost hanged himself. The public house ceased trading in 1905.

The Royal Oak

Now flats, the Royal Oak is one of the finest buildings in Ruthin, having three cruck frames, it is a Grade II* listed building. Porth y Dŵr[edit] At No. 65 Clwyd
Clwyd
Street, this Grade II* listed building retains much of the medieval timber frame internally, the oak for which was felled in 1455 and 1456. Its original purpose is unknown, although it has a medieval arched doorway facing towards the 13th-century mill, and a 15th-century solar (private living quarters) with an open roof with cusped windbraces. It is said to have been converted for domestic use in 1586 and occupied by the Moyle family. A two-storey porch with glazed windows (previously described as a balcony) and internal timber panelling was added, possibly in 1655 when further alterations were made. The building was extensively altered in the 19th century, converting part to a shop. Porth y Dŵr originally formed a single building with No. 67 Clwyd
Clwyd
Street (listed Grade II), and adjoined the medieval west gate to the town that was demolished in 1786.[citation needed] Castle Street[edit] All buildings on Castle Street are listed by Cadw. These are the earliest settlements outside the walls of the castle. Some have burgage plots at the back, established by de Grey in 1283. The plots and linear have barely changed since their foundation. Whilst residential properties were at the castle end of the street, commercial properties were at the end close to St Peters Square. The one exception was the pub Yr Iwerddon at No. 15. The house retains a name referring to its connection with Irish drovers attending markets and fairs Other establishments of interest include No. 1, now Boots
Boots
formerly the Raven Inn, which in 1560 may have been the birthplace of Bishop Richard Parry, pupil and master (1584) of Ruthin
Ruthin
School. He was involved with dean Gabriel Goodman
Gabriel Goodman
and others in translating the Bible and prayer book into Welsh. The main contributor was Bishop William Morgan, but Parry's revision in 1620 became the accepted authorised version.

The old Bowling green at Castle St, c. 1910

The Ruthin
Ruthin
Royal Bowling Green used the Raven as their headquarters until the Cornwallis-Wests came to live in Ruthin
Ruthin
Castle. The club met at the Raven for its annual and quarterly meetings. When competitions took place the staff of the Raven would take "Cwrw Da" (good beer) to the players. With the arrival of the Wests, the bowling green inside the curtilage of the castle forced the club to find an alternative green. One of the options they accepted was the rear of No. 8 Castle street "Gorphwysfa", then called the "Constitutional Club", later renamed the Conservative Club.

No. 2. The Wine Vaults with their six-column Tuscan colonnade was 'known as the Black Horse in the 1820s. This is verified by the Welsh Office survey. No. 7. Sir John Trevor House. This served as Totty's the Lawyers in the 1700s, later as an antique shop, tea shop and finally a private residence offering bed and breakfast accommodation. Sir John Trevor was Speaker of the House of Commons from 1690 to 1695, when he was dismissed for embezzlement. He was the only Speaker to be forced to resign until 19 May 2009, with the forced departure of Michael Martin. "Gorphwysfa" This property was part of the Castle estate until sold off by the Castle owners in 1919. The Rifle Volunteer Corps founded in 1859 stored their armoury at the house until the drill hall was built in Borthyn in 1885. As mentioned, this property became the Conservative Club in November 1885. No. 9. When known as "Corwen", this property was the offices of Phillips the Attorney's. It is now a private residence. *No. 11. Ardwyn is a private residence on three storeys, formerly the offices of the attorneys Smarts. No. 12. Plas-yn-Dre. The exact date of this house is unknown. It was rebuilt in 1823, as recorded by a stone above the front door. The premises housed the North and South Wales
Wales
Bank. L. G. Thomas, prime mover in the founding the Presbyterian Church in Wynnstay Road in 1886, was bank manager and lived here. Nos 16 and 18 are wooden-framed buildings with a 19th-century frontage. They formed part of the Castle estate sales of 1913 and 1919. The properties display what is probably the first use of stucco in Ruthin.

Record Street[edit]

Old County Hall now Ruthin
Ruthin
Library

This is a Grade II Listed Building, housed in Record Street and originally named Stryd y Chwain (Welsh: Flea St) due to its very low standard of living) The inferior housing was demolished to make way for the county court and much grander houses between 1785 and 1788. The present name reflects the storing of records from the assizes and shire hall. In 1860 it became the county court, with the portico added at that time. It housed the records of and served as an assize court until the 1970s. The library opened in the early 1990s.

Police station

A Grade II listed building. Before the present police station was built, the original one was housed in Ruthin
Ruthin
Gaol. This was built in 1890, as it gave convenient access to the courts. It contains four cells, which are no longer used, and a much reduced number of police officers present. Well Street[edit]

Castle Mews Grade II listed building

Now a shopping precinct this building dates back to the 15th century with examples of wattle and daub just inside the building on the right hand side. Remodelled in the early 19th century, when it became the Cross Keys coaching inn serving the Ruthin
Ruthin
to Chester
Chester
route with a change of horses in Mold. It later became a temperance commercial hotel and was home to one of the three Ruthin
Ruthin
Friendly Societies: groups of male workers of similar background who contributed small amounts on a weekly basis for insurance against injury and old age. At a later date it was the offices of Ruthin
Ruthin
Rural District Council.

No. 10 and 12. Manor House. Grade II listed building

Late 18th-century family town house, which retained it late Georgian character until developed into today's boutique hotel and art gallery. The cellars are said to have been constructed of stone from Ruthin Castle. It has had many uses: as a boarding house for Ruthin
Ruthin
School until 1893, a doctors home, a family home whose most famous resident was Cynthia Lennon, wife of John Lennon
John Lennon
– their son Julian attended Ruthin School
Ruthin School
– a restaurant from the 1930s and a hotel. Today's hotel architecture and art are very much in mind, having won several awards

The Wynnstay Hotel And Wayfarer Wool Shop

These two now separate building were once connected by an archway, through which coaches and horses entered to the rear of the property for the horses to be stabled. The present Wayfarers shop is shown in the title deeds as an outbuilding consisting of "an old saddle room, l with a room over and Gentleman’s Convenience". The Wynnstay Hotel, now a private house, is first recorded in the records as being established in 1549 and was known for many years as the Cross Foxes, which formed the heraldic arms of the Wynnstay family. The family originated from Wrexham
Wrexham
and boasted they could travel from Chester
Chester
to the Llŷn Peninsula
Llŷn Peninsula
without once leaving their land. It was important hostelry as the coaching inn for Ruthin
Ruthin
to Denbigh
Denbigh
travel. It served the Ruthin, Mold
Mold
and Chester
Chester
Royal Mail service. The pub in its heyday had a bowling green and tennis courts, and also had a central porch, which was demolished in 1969.

Plas Coch (also known as the Conservative Club) Grade II Listed building.

This is of medieval origin and is a former 17th-century town house. It was rebuilt in 1613 using red sandstone from the castle and became home to the Constable of the castle. The building has two storeys with attics and four large windows on each floor. In 1963 it became a banqueting hall owned by Rees Jones, who used to trade at the village hall in Llanfair. It became the Conservative Club in 1977, and having been slightly altered, now offers all-round function facilities. Other areas[edit]

The Spread Eagle

The Spread Eagle is the coat-of-arms of the Goodwin family. Formerly an inn, records show it traded only from 1792 to 1915, after which it became a temperance hotel, then a retail shop. Rose Cottage[edit] Rose Cottage is a privately owned residence and a Grade 2* listed building located on the corner of Rhos Street and Haulfryn. It is listed as an "exceptional survival of a medieval cruck-framed hall-house of relatively low status, retaining its plan-form, character and detail".[26] Scott House[edit] Situated on the Corwen
Corwen
Road just past Ruthin
Ruthin
Castle, Scott house was built 1933 to house the nursing staff of Duff House Sanatorium, which acquired Ruthin Castle
Ruthin Castle
and 475 acres of land for their private clinic in April 1923. The Grade II listed building is set in landscaped grounds. The building was later divided into flats. Notable people[edit]

See Category:People from Ruthin

Evan Owen Allen (1805–1852), Welsh-language writer and poet, died in Ruthin. Hafina Clwyd, journalist, mayor of Ruthin
Ruthin
(2008–9) and town councillor (1999–2011) Doug Dailey MBE, British cyclist Wynn Edwards (1842–1900), American farmer and politician Seren Gibson, glamour model, attended Ysgol Brynhyfryd. Scarlets
Scarlets
rugby union centre Rob Higgitt is a former resident. Actors Rhys Ifans
Rhys Ifans
and his brother Llŷr Ifans come from Ruthin. Eric Jones, climber and BASE jumper, was raised on a farm near Ruthin. Sir Henry Haydn Jones
Henry Haydn Jones
MP (1863–1950) politician, slate quarry owner, and owner of the Talyllyn Railway
Talyllyn Railway
was brought up in the town. Singer Julian Lennon
Julian Lennon
attended Ruthin
Ruthin
School. Eifion Lewis-Roberts, rugby union player for Ruthin, now lives in Llanbedr-Dyffryn-Clwyd. Robin Llwyd ab Owain, poet and national chair winner, has lived in Ruthin
Ruthin
since 1979. Rhys Meirion
Rhys Meirion
the ENO opera singer Cynthia Lennon, first wife of John Lennon, settled in Ruthin. Formula One
Formula One
racing driver Tom Pryce
Tom Pryce
was born and raised in Ruthin. On 6 June 1947 Władysław Raczkiewicz, the first president of the Polish government in exile, died at Ruthin
Ruthin
Castle.[27] He was buried in the Polish Cemetery in Newark, Nottinghamshire Neil Taylor, professional football player, attended Ysgol Brynhyfryd. Stanley J. Weyman, English novelist, lived in Ruthin
Ruthin
for 33 years and died there in 1928. Joe Woolford, former singer in The Voice UK
The Voice UK
in 2015, half of the duo Joe and Jake
Joe and Jake
who represented the UK at the 2016 Eurovision Song Contest, with "You're Not Alone"

Geography[edit] Ruthin
Ruthin
is situated on the River Clwyd, at the point where it enters the low-lying pastures of the Vale of Clwyd. The Clwydian Range
Clwydian Range
lies to the east and the Clocaenog Forest and Denbigh
Denbigh
Moors to the west. By road, Ruthin
Ruthin
is 8 miles (13 km) south-east of Denbigh, 12 miles (19 km) north of Corwen, 10 miles (16 km) west of Mold and 14 miles (23 km) east of Cerrigydrudion. The nearest major urban centres are Wrexham
Wrexham
at 17 miles (27 km), Rhyl
Rhyl
at 18 miles (29 km), Chester
Chester
at 23 miles (37 km) and Liverpool
Liverpool
at 34 miles (55 km) to the north-east.

Destinations from Ruthin

Henllan, Llansannan, Llanfair Talhaiarn, Llangernyw, Eglwysbach, Llanrwst, Betws yn Rhos, Abergele, Colwyn Bay Rhewl, Llanrhaeadr, Denbigh, Trefnant, St Asaph, Rhuddlan, Rhyl Gellifor, Llangynhafal, Clwydian Range, Moel Famau, Llandyrnog, Caerwys, Holywell

Bontuchel, Cyffylliog, Llyn Brenig, Denbigh
Denbigh
Moors

Ruthin

Llanbedr-Dyffryn-Clwyd, Llanferres, Loggerheads, Mold, Mynydd Isa, Buckley, Broughton, Connah's Quay, Queensferry, Chester

Llanfwrog, Clocaenog, Clocaenog
Clocaenog
Forest, Clawddnewydd, Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr, Cerrigydrudion Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, Pwllglas, Derwen, Gwyddelwern, Corwen, Bala, Dolgellau Graigfechan, Pentrecelyn, Llysfasi College, Llanarmon-yn-Iâl, Llandegla, Bwlchgwyn, Coedpoeth, Wrexham

Twin town[edit] Ruthin
Ruthin
is twinned with Brieg, Brittany.[28] Crime rate[edit] North Wales
Wales
Police classify Ruthin
Ruthin
as having an "average" level of crime for their area, which itself has one of the lowest crime rates in the United Kingdom.[29]

Type of crime 2008 crime rate (per 1000 inhabitants) 2008 average actual number of crimes/month 2007 crime rate (per 1000 inhabitants) 2007 average actual number of crimes/month

Burglary 0.3 1.7 0.4 2

Robbery 0 0 0.1 0.3

Vehicle crime 0.1 0.7 0.4 2.0

Violence 1.6 8.3 1.6 8.7

Anti-social behaviour 1.6 8.7 1.1 5.7

See also[edit]

Peers Memorial Ruthin
Ruthin
Town Hall Castle Hotel Isaac Clarke (publisher) The Morning Star, Ruthin 2 & 2A Well Street, Ruthin

References[edit]

^ "Town/Ward population 2011". Retrieved 24 May 2015.  ^ http://www.gridreferencefinder.com/ ^ " Ruthin
Ruthin
flood defence plan unveiled". BBC Online. 7 November 2001. Retrieved 8 June 2007.  ^ Thomas Nicholas (1 January 1991). Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales. ISBN 9780806313146. Retrieved 8 October 2007.  ^ "2001 Census: Ruthin". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  ^ Northall, John. " Ruthin
Ruthin
castle". Retrieved 8 June 2007.  ^ Welsh European Funding Office. "Enjoy Mediaeval Denbighshire
Denbighshire
- Ruthin". Archived from the original on 24 August 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2007.  ^ [1] ^ "Annual Urdd youth festival begins". BBC News. 29 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2012. This year the eisteddfod returns to the site of the Bro Glyndwr Eisteddfod of 1992.  ^ http://www.isc.co.uk/schools/wales/wales-north/ruthin/ruthin-school ^ http://www.denbighshirefreepress.co.uk/news/130575/transformation-of-pub-for-school-progressing.aspx ^ The current bus timetables for Denbighshire: here ^ Rhuthun Hanesyddol / Historic Ruthin
Ruthin
(1979) and DCC archives. ^ Williamson, David (23 August 2006). "From drugs den to radio hot spot". Western Mail. WalesOnline.co.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2008.  ^ "1981 IFAB AGM programme" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 November 2007. Retrieved 19 November 2008.  ^ Lewis, Alys (8 March 2010). " Ruthin
Ruthin
Gaol". BBC News.  ^ "£3.1m for craft centre's renewal". BBC North East Wales
Wales
news. BBC. 10 December 2005. Retrieved 27 November 2006.  ^ "Canolfan Grefft Rhuthun / Ruthin
Ruthin
Craft Centre". Retrieved 17 September 2008.  ^ "Nantclwyd y Dre". Denbighshire
Denbighshire
Council. Retrieved 26 December 2013.  ^ "The Lord's Garden, Nantclwyd y Dre, Ruthin". Clywd Powys Archeological Preservation Trust. Retrieved 26 December 2013.  ^ "Christmas comes early for Lord's Garden, Ruthin". Heritage Lottery Fund. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.  ^ "'Secret' garden in Denbighshire
Denbighshire
to be opened to public". BBC Wales. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.  ^ Encyclopaedia Wales; University of Wales
Wales
Press. ^ Ruthin
Ruthin
Town Parishes website; accessed 19 September 2014 ^ Chirk Castle Accounts, AD 1666–1753, edited by William Martial Myddelton ^ British Listed Buildings; accessed 5 September 2014 ^ Beamish, MC, MP, Major Tufton (14 June 1947). "Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz : President of Poland". "The Tablet" archive. The Tablet. Retrieved 5 January 2014. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Rhuthun - Briec
Briec
twin towns". Retrieved 14 August 2007.  ^ North Wales
Wales
Police: Ruthin
Ruthin
crime levels and statistics

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ruthin.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ruthin.

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Ruthin
Ruthin
weather Town Council site in English Town Council site in Welsh Website of Ruthin
Ruthin
gaol BBC Wales's Ruthin
Ruthin
website Ruthin
Ruthin
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Ruthin
Produce Market website Ordnance Survey Geograph - dozens of photos of Ruthin Ruthin Gaol
Ruthin Gaol
review with lots of photos

v t e

Denbighshire

Principal settlements

Corwen Denbigh Llangollen Prestatyn Rhuddlan Rhyl Ruthin St Asaph

Community councils

Aberwheeler Betws Gwerfil Goch Bodelwyddan Bodfari Bryneglwys Cefn Meiriadog Clocaenog Corwen Cwm Cyffylliog Cynwyd Denbigh Derwen Dyserth Efenechtyd Gwyddelwern Henllan Llanarmon-yn-Iâl Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd Llandegla Llandrillo Llandyrnog Llanelidan Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd Llanferres Llangollen Llangynhafal Llanrhaeadr-yng-Nghinmeirch Llantysilio Llanynys Nantglyn Prestatyn Rhuddlan Rhyl Ruthin St Asaph Trefnant Tremeirchion Waen

Villages

Aberwheeler Berwyn Betws Gwerfil Goch Bodelwyddan Bodfari Bontuchel Bryneglwys Carrog Castell Cefnmeriadog Cerrigydrudion Clocaenog Clawddnewydd Crogen Cwm Cyffylliog Cynwyd Derwen Druid Dyserth Efenechtyd Gellifor Gellioedd Glasfryn Glyndyfrdwy Gronant Gwaenysgor Gwyddelwern Henllan Hirwaen Llanarmon-yn-Iâl Llanbedr-Dyffryn-Clwyd Llandegla Llandrillo Llandyrnog Llanefydd Llanelidan Llanferres Llanfwrog Llangar Llangwyfan Llangynhafal Llanrhaeadr-yng-Nghinmeirch Llansanffraid Glyndyfrdwy Llantysilio Llanychan Llanynys Llwynmawr Loggerheads Maerdy Meliden Nantglyn Prion Pwllglas Pentrecelyn Rhewl Rhuallt Saron Tafarn Y Gelyn Trefnant Tremeirchion

Oldest inhabited location

Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site

Moors

Berwyn range Mynydd Hiraethog

Topics

List of Parliamentary constituencies in Clwyd Schools Country houses SSSIs Scheduled Monuments Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings The historic county Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs

Authority control

WorldCat Identiti

.