Rugby, North Dakota
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Rugby is a city in, and the
county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is in use in Canada, China, Hungary, Romania, Taiwan, and the United States. The equivalent te ...
of, Pierce County,
North Dakota North Dakota () is a U.S. state in the Upper Midwest, named after the Native Americans in the United States, indigenous Dakota people, Dakota Sioux. North Dakota is bordered by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba to the north a ...
, United States. The population was 2,509 at the 2020 census, making it the 19th largest city in North Dakota. Rugby was founded in 1886. Rugby is often billed as the geographic center of
North America North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Car ...
.


History

Rugby was founded in 1886 at a junction on the Great Northern Railway, where a
branch line A branch line is a phrase used in Glossary of rail transport terms, railway terminology to denote a secondary railway line which branches off a more important through route, usually a Main line (railway), main line. A very short branch line ma ...
to Bottineau met the main line. The railroad promoters initially platted the town as Rugby Junction, getting the name Rugby from the town of Rugby in
Warwickshire Warwickshire (; abbreviated Warks) is a Counties of England, county in the West Midlands (region), West Midlands region of England. The county town is Warwick, and the largest town is Nuneaton. The county is famous for being the birthplace of W ...
, England. It was one of several sites along the Great Northern's transcontinental route between Devils Lake and Minot that were named after places in England (the others were Berwick,
Leeds Leeds () is a city A city is a human settlement of notable size.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...
, Knox,
Norwich Norwich () is a cathedral city and district of Norfolk, England, of which it is the county town. Norwich is by the River Wensum, about north-east of London, north of Ipswich and east of Peterborough. As the seat of the Episcopal see, See of ...
, Penn,
Surrey Surrey () is a ceremonial county, ceremonial and non-metropolitan county, non-metropolitan counties of England, county in South East England, bordering Greater London to the south west. Surrey has a large rural area, and several significant ur ...
, Churches Ferry, Tunbridge, and
York York is a cathedral city with Roman Britain, Roman origins, sited at the confluence of the rivers River Ouse, Yorkshire, Ouse and River Foss, Foss in North Yorkshire, England. It is the historic county town of Yorkshire. The city has many hist ...
). When the community became a city, the ''Junction'' was dropped from the name. North Dakota's first permanent settlers arrived in 1812 from the Earl of Selkirk's colony in neighboring
Rupert's Land Rupert's Land (french: Terre de Rupert), or Prince Rupert's Land (french: Terre du Prince Rupert, link=no), was a territory in British North America which comprised the Hudson Bay drainage basin; this was further extended from Rupert's Land t ...
. As farmers, they were more advanced than many of their contemporaries in the rest of the United States, having adopted sophisticated farming methods and machinery. Many of these implements, including an early McCormick Deering
threshing machine A threshing machine or a thresher is a piece of farm equipment that threshes grain, that is, it removes the seeds from the stalks and husks. It does so by beating the plant to make the seeds fall out. Before such machines were developed, th ...
, have found their way to the restored Pioneer Village in Rugby. In 1931, the town of Rugby erected a rock
obelisk An obelisk (; from grc, ὀβελίσκος ; diminutive of ''obelos'', "Spit (cooking aide), spit, nail, pointed pillar") is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape or pyramidion at the top. Originally ...
marking the "Geographical Center of North America". This was moved to a slightly different location in 1971 with the expansion of US Highway 2. According to a listing by the U.S. Geological Survey, Rugby is actually approximately from the geographic center of
North America North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Car ...
( west of Balta), and even this designation carries no official status.


Geography

Rugby is located in eastern Pierce County at the intersection of
U.S. Route 2 U.S. Route 2 or U.S. Highway 2 (US 2) is an east–west U.S. Highway spanning across the northern continental United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or Ame ...
and
North Dakota Highway 3 North Dakota Highway 3 (ND 3) is a major north–south state highway A state highway, state road, or state route (and the equivalent provincial highway, provincial road, or provincial route) is usually a road that is either Route ...
. The Great Northern Railroad line passes through the community. Minot lies 66 miles to the west along Route 2. According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Federal Statistical System of the United States, U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the Americans, Ame ...
, the city has a total area of , all land. Rugby claims to be the geographic center of
North America North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Car ...
and a monument stands in the city to signify this. The monument features flags of the United States,
Canada Canada is a country in North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering over , making it the world ...
, and
Mexico Mexico (Spanish language, Spanish: México), officially the United Mexican States, is a List of sovereign states, country in the southern portion of North America. It is borders of Mexico, bordered to the north by the United States; to the so ...
. However, modern calculations that take on account the distortions caused by cartographic projections show that center is 145 miles southwest of Rugby, in a town called Center, North Dakota.


Transportation


Rail

Amtrak The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Trade name, doing business as Amtrak () , is the national Passenger train, passenger railroad company of the United States. It operates inter-city rail service in 46 of the 48 contiguous United Stat ...
, the national passenger rail system, serves a station in Rugby via its ''
Empire Builder The ''Empire Builder'' is an Amtrak long-distance passenger train that operates daily between Chicago and either Seattle or Portland, Oregon, Portland via two Section (rail transport), sections west of Spokane, Washington, Spokane. Introduced i ...
'', a once-daily train in each direction between
Portland Portland most commonly refers to: * Portland, Oregon, the largest city in the state of Oregon, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States * Portland, Maine, the largest city in the state of Maine, in the New England region of the northeas ...
/
Seattle Seattle ( ) is a seaport city on the West Coast of the United States. It is the seat of King County, Washington. With a 2020 population of 737,015, it is the largest city in both the state of Washington and the Pacific Northwest regio ...
and
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive Map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = List of sovereign states, Count ...
. The
rail station A train station, railway station, railroad station or depot is a Rail transport, railway facility where trains stop to load or unload passenger train, passengers, freight rail transport, freight or both. It generally consists of at least one r ...
was originally built by the Great Northern Railway in 1907 and has since undergone multiple renovations.


Highways

U.S. Route 2 U.S. Route 2 or U.S. Highway 2 (US 2) is an east–west U.S. Highway spanning across the northern continental United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or Ame ...
and
North Dakota Highway 3 North Dakota Highway 3 (ND 3) is a major north–south state highway A state highway, state road, or state route (and the equivalent provincial highway, provincial road, or provincial route) is usually a road that is either Route ...
serve the Rugby area.


Demographics


2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,876 people, 1,239 households, and 697 families living in the city. The
population density Population density (in agriculture: Stock (disambiguation), standing stock or plant density) is a measurement of population per unit land area. It is mostly applied to humans, but sometimes to other living organisms too. It is a key geographical ...
was . There were 1,407 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the city was 91.9%
White White is the lightest color Color (American English) or colour (British English) is the visual perception, visual perceptual Physical property, property deriving from the spectrum of light interacting with the photoreceptor cells of th ...
, 0.3%
African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans and Afro-Americans) are an Race and ethnicity in the United States, ethnic group consisting of Americans with partial or total ancestry from sub-Saharan Africa. The term "African American ...
, 5.8% Native American, 0.9% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, Spanish culture, cultures, or countries related to Spain, the Spanish language, or Hispanidad. The term commonly applies to countries with a cultural and historical link to Spain and to Vic ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym) The masculine term ''Latino'' (), along with its feminine inflection, form ''Latina'', is a noun and adjective, often used in American English, English, Spanish language in the United ...
of any race were 1.3% of the population. There were 1,239 households, of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were
married couples Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouse A spouse is a significant other in a marriage. In certain contexts, it can also apply to a civil union or c ...
living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.7% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age in the city was 47 years. 20% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 26.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.


2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 2,939 people, 1,291 households, and 765 families living in the city. The
population density Population density (in agriculture: Stock (disambiguation), standing stock or plant density) is a measurement of population per unit land area. It is mostly applied to humans, but sometimes to other living organisms too. It is a key geographical ...
was . There were 1,434 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the city was 98.09%
White White is the lightest color Color (American English) or colour (British English) is the visual perception, visual perceptual Physical property, property deriving from the spectrum of light interacting with the photoreceptor cells of th ...
, 1.02% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, Spanish culture, cultures, or countries related to Spain, the Spanish language, or Hispanidad. The term commonly applies to countries with a cultural and historical link to Spain and to Vic ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym) The masculine term ''Latino'' (), along with its feminine inflection, form ''Latina'', is a noun and adjective, often used in American English, English, Spanish language in the United ...
of any race were 0.44% of the population. The top six ancestry groups in the city are German (49.6%), Norwegian (40.5%),
Irish Irish may refer to: Common meanings * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, in Northwestern Europe ...
(5.3%), English (4.0%),
Russia Russia (, , ), or the Russian Federation, is a List of transcontinental countries, transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and North Asia, Northern Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, largest country in the ...
n (3.7%), French (3.6%). There were 1,291 households, out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were
married couples Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouse A spouse is a significant other in a marriage. In certain contexts, it can also apply to a civil union or c ...
living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 28.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,482, and the median income for a family was $35,745. Males had a median income of $25,885 versus $18,510 for females. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
for the city was $14,380. About 9.6% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country. The poverty line is usually calculated by estimating the total cost of one year's worth of necessities for t ...
, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.


Notable people

* Todd "Boogie" Brandt, radio personality with '' The Todd and Tyler Radio Empire'' * Harald Bredesen (1918–2006), Lutheran pastor * Nichi Farnham, Maine state senator * Don Gaetz, Florida politician * Samuel Kirk (1904–1996), psychologist and educator * Jon Nelson, member of the
North Dakota House of Representatives The North Dakota House of Representatives is the lower house of the North Dakota Legislative Assembly and is larger than the North Dakota Senate. North Dakota is divided into between 40 and 54 legislative districts apportioned by population as d ...
* Clifford Thompson (1904–1955), one of the world's tallest men * Chris Tuchscherer, mixed martial artist * Larry Watson, poet, writer, and educator


Radio

* KZZJ AM 1450 * KKWZ FM 95.3


Education

The city of Rugby is served by Rugby Public Schools: Ely Elementary School and Rugby High School. Little Flower Catholic School is also in Rugby.


Sites of interest

* Geographical center of North America – Rugby is located in the geographical center of North America. There is a
cairn A cairn is a man-made pile (or stack) of stones raised for a purpose, usually as a marker or as a burial mound. The word ''cairn'' comes from the gd, càrn (plural ). Cairns have been and are used for a broad variety of purposes. In prehis ...
marking this spot. Note: The validity of this claim is disputed by a mathematical analysis. * Prairie Village Museum houses some of Pierce County's oldest historical buildings and artifacts including the 1886 Great Northern Railroad Depot. * The Victorian Dress Museum – The building that houses the museum is listed in the
National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official United States National Register of Historic Places listings, list of Historic districts in the United States, districts, sites, buildings, struc ...
. * Pierce County Courthouse - dating from 1908, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Climate

This
climatic Climate is the long-term weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloud cover, cloudy. On Earth, most weather phenomena occur in ...
region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the
Köppen Climate Classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by German-Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, nota ...
system, Rugby has a
humid continental climate A humid continental climate is a climate, climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, typified by four distinct seasons and large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and ...
, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.


In popular culture

Rugby is mentioned in the
Law & Order ''Law & Order'' is an American police procedural and legal drama television series created by Dick Wolf and produced by Wolf Entertainment, launching the ''Law & Order (franchise), Law & Order'' franchise. ''Law & Order'' aired its entire ru ...
episode (S13E08) 'Asterisk' as the hometown of a fictional MLB baseball player indicted for murder and in the Law & Order episode (S16E18) 'Thinking Makes it So' during an argument.


References


External links


City of Rugby official website

Cairn marking Center of North America

The Pierce County Tribune

Rugby, ND Article at Dakota Search
{{Authority control * Cities in Pierce County, North Dakota Cities in North Dakota County seats in North Dakota Populated places established in 1886 1886 establishments in Dakota Territory Geographical centres