The ROYAL SOCIETY OF CHEMISTRY (RSC) is a learned society (professional association ) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences". It was formed in 1980 from the amalgamation of the Chemical Society , the Royal Institute of Chemistry , the Faraday Society , and the Society for Analytical Chemistry with a new Royal Charter and the dual role of learned society and professional body. At its inception, the Society had a combined membership of 34,000 in the UK and a further 8,000 abroad. The headquarters of the Society are at Burlington House , Piccadilly , London . It also has offices in Thomas Graham House in Cambridge (named after Thomas Graham , the first president of the Chemical Society ) where _RSC Publishing_ is based. The Society has offices in the United States at the University City Science Center , Philadelphia , in both Beijing and Shanghai , China and Bangalore , India . The organisation carries out research, publishes journals , books and databases, as well as hosting conferences, seminars and workshops. It is the professional body for chemistry in the UK, with the ability to award the status of Chartered Chemist (CChem) and, through the Science Council the awards of Chartered Scientist (CSci), Registered Scientist (RSci) and Registered Science Technician (RScTech) to suitably qualified candidates. The designation FRSC is given to a group of elected Fellows of the society who have made major contributions to chemistry and other interface disciplines such as biological chemistry. The names of Fellows are published each year in _The Times _ (London). Honorary Fellowship of the Society ("HonFRSC") is awarded for distinguished service in the field of chemistry.
* 1 President
* 2 Membership grades and post-nominals
* 2.1 GRSC
* 3 Divisions * 4 Local sections * 5 Publications
* 6 Burlington House
* 6.1 History
* 7 Library and information centre * 8 Benevolent fund * 9 Prizes and awards * 10 Coat of arms * 11 Other resources * 12 References * 13 External links
The president is elected biennially and wears a badge in the form of a spoked wheel, with the standing figure of Joseph Priestley depicted in enamel, mainly in red and blue, on a hexagonal medallion in the centre. The rim of the wheel is gold, and the twelve spokes are of non-tarnishable metals.
The current president is Sir John Holman (2016–2018).
Past presidents of the society have been:
* 1980 (1980)–1982 (1982): Sir Ewart Ray Herbert Jones (1911–2002) * 1982 (1982)–1984 (1984): Sir John Ivan George Cadogan (1930–) * 1984 (1984)–1986 (1986): Richard Oswald Chandler Norman (1932–1993) * 1986 (1986)–1988 (1988): Sir Jack Lewis (1928–2014) * 1988 (1988)–1990 (1990): John Mason Ward (1921–2014) * 1990 (1990)–1992 (1992): Sir Rex Edward Richards (1922– ) * 1992 (1992)–1994 (1994): Charles Wayne Rees (1927–2006) * 1994 (1994)–1996 (1996): John Howard Purnell (1925–1996) * 1996 (1996)–1998 (1998): Edward William Abel (1931–) * 1998 (1998)–2000 (2000): Anthony Ledwith (1933–2015) * 2000 (2000)–2002 (2002): Steven Victor Ley (1945–) * 2002 (2002)–2004 (2004): Sir Harold Kroto (1939–2016) * 2004 (2004)–2006 (2006): Simon Campbell (1941–) * 2006 (2006)–2008 (2008): James Feast (1938–) * 2008 (2008)–2010 (2010): David Garner (1941–) * 2010 (2010)–2012 (2012): David Phillips (1939–) * 2012 (2012)–2014 (2014): Lesley Yellowlees (1953–) * 2014 (2014)–2016 (2016): Dominic Tildesley (1952–)
MEMBERSHIP GRADES AND POST-NOMINALS
The following are membership grades with post-nominals (designatory letters):
* _Affiliate_: (no post-nominal) The grade for students and those involved in chemistry who do not meet the requirements for the following grades. * _AMRSC_: _Associate Member, Royal Society of Chemistry_ The entry level for RSC membership, AMRSC is awarded to graduates (or equivalent) in the chemical sciences. * _MRSC_: _Member, Royal Society of Chemistry_ Awarded to graduates (or equivalent) with at least 3 years' experience, who have acquired key skills through professional activity
* _FRSC_: _Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry _ Fellowship may be awarded to nominees who have made an outstanding contribution to chemistry (see Category:Fellows of the Royal Society of Chemistry ).
* _HonFRSC_: _Honorary Fellow of the Society _ Honorary Fellowship is awarded for distinguished service in the field of chemistry.
* _CChem_: _ Chartered Chemist _ The award of CChem is considered separately from admission to a category of RSC membership. Candidates need to be MRSC or FRSC and demonstrate development of specific professional attributes and be in a job which requires their chemical knowledge and skills. * _CSci_: _ Chartered Scientist _ The RSC is a licensed by the Science Council for the registration of Chartered Scientists . * _EurChem_: _ European Chemist _ The RSC is a member of the European Communities Chemistry Council (ECCC), and can award this designation to Chartered Chemists. * _MChemA_: _Mastership in Chemical Analysis_ The RSC awards this postgraduate qualification which is the UK statutory qualification for practice as a Public Analyst . It requires candidates to submit a portfolio of suitable experience and to take theory papers and a one-day laboratory practical examination.
The qualification _GRSC_ (Graduate of the Royal Society of Chemistry) was awarded from 1981 to 1995 for completion of college courses equivalent to an honours chemistry degree and overseen by the RSC. It replaced the GRIC offered by the Royal Institute of Chemistry.
The society is organised around 9 divisions, based on subject areas, and local sections, both in the United Kingdom and overseas. Divisions cover broad areas of chemistry but also contain many special interest groups for more specific areas.
* _Analytical Division_ for analytical chemistry and promoting the original aims of the _Society for Analytical Chemistry_. 12 Subject Groups. * _Dalton Division_, named after John Dalton , for inorganic chemistry . 6 Subject Groups. * _Education Division_ for chemical education . 4 Subject Groups. * _Faraday Division_, named after Michael Faraday , for physical chemistry and promoting the original aims of the _Faraday Society_. 14 Subject Groups. * _Organic Division_ for organic chemistry . 6 Subject Groups. * _Chemical Biology Interface Division_. 2 Subject Groups. * _Environment, Sustainability and Energy Division_. 3 Subject Groups. * _Materials Chemistry Division_. 4 Subject Groups. * _Industry and Technology Division_. 13 Subject Groups.
There are 12 subjects groups not attached to a division.
There are 35 local sections covering the United Kingdom and Ireland . In countries of the Commonwealth of Nations and many other countries there are Local Representatives of the society and often some activities.
The society is a not-for-profit publisher: surplus made by its publishing business is invested to support its aim of advancing the chemical sciences.
In addition to scientific journals , including its flagship journals _ Chemical Communications _, _Chemical Science_ and _Chemical Society Reviews _, the society publishes:
* _Education in Chemistry _ for teachers. * A free online journal for chemistry educators, _Chemistry Education Research and Practice _. * A general chemistry magazine _ Chemistry World _, sent monthly to all members of the Society throughout the world. The editorial board consists of 10 academic and industrial chemists. It was first published in January 2004. It replaced _ Chemistry in Britain_, first published in 1965. Its contents include news, articles of a general chemical nature, such as the history of chemistry and technological developments, book reviews and letters from readers. Its ISSN is 1473-7604. _ Chemistry World _ is supported by the _ Chemistry World Podcast_, which is presented by Cambridge University scientist Dr Chris Smith , who also edits _ The Naked Scientists _. * Professional reference books across the chemical sciences. * Books for students, including the _Tutorial Chemistry Texts_ series of 23 books, edited by E. W. Abel, and the 8 books in the _Molecular World_ series, whose coordinating editor is L. E. Smart. * Books on the history of chemistry, such as a history of the Faraday Society .
Subscriptions to the journals are available individually, or "all-in", under a provision called "RSC Gold".
The London offices of the Society are in Burlington House , Piccadilly. Events are hosted here for the public, RSC member groups and external organisations including monthly lectures on the chemical sciences that streamed live via the RSC's public engagement website – the Reaction. The free lectures take an interesting look at the chemical aspects of a wide range of topics from curry to the enjoyment of music.
The events have attracted notable science writers such as Philip Ball , Antony John Williams , and John Emsley to give public lectures. Most of these are available as archived video streams via the RSC's Reaction website.
Although opened as the Chemistry Centre in 2010, the building has been occupied by the Royal Society of Chemistry since 1857 (at which time it was known as the Chemical Society) – the heart of the Chemistry Centre is the RSC's Library and Information Centre which itself dates back to 1842. Over the years, the library for the RSC has received many gifts from notable fellows including Michael Faraday . The library became a centre for information on the chemical sciences during the 1st and 2nd world wars when extensive use was made on the chemical reference material available. In November 2014, the society announced that the centre would be rebranded as simply "Royal Society of Chemistry at Burlington House" and the name " Chemistry Centre" dropped.
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CENTRE
The society has a large library covering mainly chemistry-based subjects, including online access for members, housed at the Chemistry Centre at Burlington House. It is part of the Chemistry Centre and is a resource for RSC members, although the public are also welcome.
The staircase at the Royal Society of Chemistry, Burlington House, designed by the partnership of Robert Richardson Banks and Charles Barry, Jr.
The Royal Society of Chemistry's benevolent fund supports the members and their families during difficult times, through advice and guidance, financial support and volunteer support. It dates back to 1920 when the Institute of Chemistry (later the Royal Institute of Chemistry ) established it as a memorial to its members who died in the first world war. It had an aim "to help necessitous persons who are, or have been, Fellows or Associates of the Institute, their wives or children, and the widows and dependent relatives of deceased Fellows and Associates" through voluntary contributions from members. The benevolent fund's ethos of "members helping members" stems from the Institute of Chemistry's Council raising money for members in need from other members prior to the fund being formed.
In 1960, the benevolent fund introduced a volunteer visitor system, where members were asked to visit applicants, beneficiaries, elderly and housebound members in their area. Each local section was also appointed a fund representative.
A major review of the fund to modernize it took place in 2003–2004, forming a new strategy document that is updated every three years. It underwent another review in 2014 with the aim to widen its reach and provide a more holistic support wider than financial assistance to Royal Society of Chemistry members and their families.
The Benevolent Fund Grants Committee, formed of volunteer members of the Royal Society of Chemistry, oversees the benevolent fund and meets every three months.
PRIZES AND AWARDS
The RSC awards a variety of prizes and awards each year that include awards for excellence in any area of chemistry, in specialist areas or for achievement at particular stages of a chemist's career.
Medals are awarded centrally by the RSC and by the divisions of the organisation. There are also awards that are administered by RSC interest groups.
The centrally awarded medals include the Harrison-Meldola Memorial Prizes which are awarded to a British chemist who is under 32 years of age for promising original investigations in chemistry and the Corday-Morgan medals which consist of three separate awards made for the most meritorious contributions to experimental chemistry (including computer simulation). The Tilden Prize, previously known as the Tilden Lecture, consists of three awards annually to scientists in mid-career for advances in chemistry.
Previous winners of the Harrison-Meldola Prize (known as the Meldola Medal and Prize prior to its merger in 2008 with the Edward Harrison prize) include Christopher Kelk Ingold (1921, 1922), Cyril Norman Hinshelwood (1923), R.H. Stokes (1946), D.H. Williams (1966), and J. Evans (1978).
The Faraday Division annually awards the Marlow Award for contributions to physical chemistry or chemical physics by members of the Faraday Division under the age of 32. Recent recipients include Andrew Orr-Ewing , (1999), Jonathan A. Jones , (2000), Helen Fielding (2001), Jonathan Essex (2002), Daren Caruana (2003), Jonathan Reid (2004), Julie Macpherson (2005), Fred Manby (2006), and Alessandro Troisi (2007).
COAT OF ARMS
The RSC has its own coat of arms . Two forms exist: the full coat of arms has lion and unicorn bearers, and the Latin motto "_Pro scientia et humanitate_" (For the sake of knowledge and for the benefit of mankind). The smaller version uses just the central shield, which is similar to that in the Royal Institute of Chemistry 's arms.
Arms on the Society's Robert Boyle Prize for Analytical Science medal
The Interactive Lab Primer is a site developed to provide tips to a variety of chemical experimentation skills. The site covers basic lab safety tips, demonstrates primary lab techniques, introduces a couple common lab apparatus in lab, and provides other references.
The society's ChemSpider is a database of chemicals and chemical properties.
The society operates a blue plaque scheme, "Landmarks of Chemistry ", erecting plaques at places associated with notable chemical events or people. Recent plaques are hexagonal.
* ^ Lagowski, J. J. (1991). "A British Sesquicentennial," _Journal of Chemical Education,_ Vol 68, No. 1, p. 1; acknowledging the sesquicentennial of The Chemical Society in London, which eventually became the Royal Society of Chemistry. * ^ "RSC History". Rsc.org. Retrieved 2013-01-08. * ^ "RSC Contacts". Rsc.org. Retrieved 2013-01-08. * ^ "2015 RSC Elections". _Rsc.org_. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015. * ^ David Waddington. "Obituary: Sir Richard Norman". _The Independent _. Retrieved 2017-03-19. * ^ * ^ "Professor Charles Rees". _