The Info List - Royal Canadian Mounted Police

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The Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP; French: Gendarmerie
royale du Canada
(GRC), "Royal Gendarmerie
of Canada"; colloquially known as the Mounties, and internally as "the Force") is the federal and national police force of Canada. The RCMP provides law enforcement at the federal level. It also provides provincial policing in eight of Canada's provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland
and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Saskatchewan) and local policing on contract basis in the three territories (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon) and more than 150 municipalities, 600 aboriginal communities, and three international airports. The RCMP does not provide provincial or municipal policing in either Ontario
or Quebec.[9]


1 Overview 2 History

2.1 Founding 2.2 Post-war 2.3 Modern era 2.4 Notable cases

3 History of the RCMP uniform

3.1 Tunic 3.2 Hat 3.3 Breeches 3.4 Boots 3.5 Spurs 3.6 Everyday uniform 3.7 Decorations

4 Women in the RCMP 5 Military status

5.1 Service in wartime 5.2 Honours

6 Legacy 7 Organization

7.1 International 7.2 National 7.3 Divisions 7.4 Detachments 7.5 Personal Protection Group

8 Personnel

8.1 Regular members 8.2 Auxiliary constables and other staff 8.3 Ranks

9 Equipment and vehicles

9.1 Land fleet 9.2 Marine craft 9.3 Aircraft fleet 9.4 Weapons and intervention options

9.4.1 Past weapons and intervention options 9.4.2 Ceremonial weapons and symbols of office

10 Popular awareness of the RCMP

10.1 Early depictions 10.2 Modern culture 10.3 Mountie merchandise 10.4 Trademark

11 Controversies and criticism 12 Fallen officers and civilian members 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Overview[edit] The Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP) was formed in 1920 by the merger of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police
Royal Northwest Mounted Police
(RNWMP), founded in 1873, with the Dominion Police founded in 1868. The former was originally named the North-West Mounted Police
North-West Mounted Police
(NWMP), and was given the Royal prefix by King Edward VII
Edward VII
in 1904. Much of the present day organization's symbolism has been inherited from its days as the NWMP and RNWMP, including the distinctive Red Serge
Red Serge
uniform, paramilitary heritage, and mythos as a frontier force. The RCMP-GRC wording is protected under the Trade-marks Act.[10]

RCMP at Montreal St. Patrick's Day Parade 2017.

Despite its name, the RCMP is not an actual mounted police force, with horses only being used at ceremonial events. The predecessor NWMP and RNWMP had relied on horses for transport for most of their history, though the RNWMP was switching to automobiles at the time of the merger. As Canada's national police force, the RCMP is primarily responsible for enforcing federal laws throughout Canada
while general law and order including the enforcement of the Criminal Code and applicable provincial legislation is constitutionally the responsibility of the provinces and territories. Larger cities may form their own municipal police departments. The two most populous provinces, Ontario
and Quebec, maintain provincial forces: the Ontario
Provincial Police
and Sûreté du Québec. The other eight provinces contract policing responsibilities to the RCMP. The RCMP provides front-line policing in those provinces under the direction of the provincial governments. When Newfoundland joined the confederation in 1949, the RCMP entered the province and absorbed the then Newfoundland
Ranger Force, which patrolled most of Newfoundland's rural areas. The Royal Newfoundland
Constabulary patrols urban areas of the province. In the territories, the RCMP is the sole territorial police force. Many municipalities throughout Canada
contract to the RCMP. Thus, the RCMP polices at the federal, provincial, and municipal level. In several areas of Canada, it is the only police force. The RCMP is responsible for an unusually large breadth of duties. Under their federal mandate, the RCMP police throughout Canada, including Ontario
and Quebec
(albeit under smaller scales there). Federal operations include: enforcing federal laws including commercial crime, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, border integrity, organized crime, and other related matters; providing counter-terrorism and domestic security; providing protection services for the Monarch, Governor General, Prime Minister, their families and residences, and other ministers of the Crown, visiting dignitaries, and diplomatic missions; and participating in various international policing efforts. Under provincial and municipal contracts the RCMP provides front-line policing in all areas outside of Ontario
and Quebec
that do not have an established local police force. There are detachments located in small villages in the far north, remote First Nations
First Nations
reserves, and rural towns, but also larger cities such as Surrey, British Columbia (population 468,251+). There, support units investigate for their own detachments, and smaller municipal police forces. Investigations include major crimes, homicides, forensic identification, collision forensics, police dogs, emergency response teams, explosives disposal, and undercover operations. Under its National Police
Services branch the RCMP supports all police forces in Canada
via the Canadian Police Information Centre, Criminal Intelligence Service Canada, Forensic Science and Identification Services, Canadian Firearms Program, and the Canadian Police
College. The RCMP Security Service was a specialized political intelligence and counterintelligence branch with national security responsibilities, replaced by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service
Canadian Security Intelligence Service
in 1984, following revelations of illegal covert operations relating to the Quebec
separatist movement.[11] CSIS is not part of the RCMP, but is its own entity.

History[edit] Founding[edit] Main article: North-West Mounted Police
North-West Mounted Police
§ history

North-West Mounted Police
North-West Mounted Police
trooper, c.1900

Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald
John A. Macdonald
first began planning a permanent force to patrol the North-West Territories after the Dominion of Canada
purchased the territory from the Hudson's Bay Company. Reports from Army officers surveying the territory led to the recommendation that a mounted force of between 100 to 150 mounted riflemen could maintain law and order. The Prime Minister first announced the force as the North West Mounted Rifles. However, officials in the United States raised concerns that an armed force along the border was a prelude to a military buildup. Macdonald then renamed the force the North-West Mounted Police
North-West Mounted Police
(NWMP) when formed in 1873.[12] The force added "Royal" to its name in 1904. It merged with the Dominion Police, the main police force for all points east of Manitoba, in 1920 and was renamed as the "Royal Canadian Mounted Police". The new organization was charged with federal law enforcement in all the provinces and territories, and immediately established its modern role as protector of Canadian national security, as well as assuming responsibility for national counterintelligence. As part of its national security and intelligence functions, the RCMP infiltrated ethnic or political groups considered to be dangerous to Canada. This included the Communist Party of Canada, but also a variety of minority cultural and nationalist groups. The force was also deeply involved in immigration matters, and especially deportations of suspected radicals. They were especially concerned with Ukrainian groups, both nationalist and socialist.[13] The Chinese community was also targeted because of a perceived link to opium dens. Historians estimate fully two percent of the Chinese community was deported between 1923 and 1932, largely under the provisions of the Opium and Narcotics Drugs Act (ONDA).[14] Besides the RCMP's new responsibilities in intelligence, drugs enforcement, and immigration, the force also assisted numerous other federal agencies with tasks such as enforcing the residential school system for Aboriginal children.

Mountie, c.1935

In 1935, the RCMP, collaborating with the Regina Police
Service, crushed the On-to- Ottawa
Trek by sparking the Regina Riot, in which one city police officer and one protester were killed. The Trek, which had been organized to call attention to the abysmal conditions in relief camps, therefore failed to reach Ottawa, but nevertheless had profound political reverberations. The RCMP employed special constables to assist with strikebreaking in the interwar period. For a brief period in the late 1930s, a volunteer militia group, the Legion of Frontiersmen
Legion of Frontiersmen
were affiliated with the RCMP. Many members of the RCMP belonged to this organization, which was prepared to serve as an auxiliary force. In later years, special constables performed duties such as policing airports and, in some Canadian provinces, the courthouses. In 1932, men and vessels of the Preventive Service, National Revenue, were absorbed, creating the RCMP Marine Section. The acquisition of the RCMP schooner St. Roch facilitated the first effective patrol of Canada's Arctic
territory. It was the first vessel to navigate the Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
from west to east (1940–42), the first to navigate the Passage in one season (from Halifax to Vancouver in 1944), the first to sail either way through the Passage in one season, and the first to circumnavigate North America (1950).[15] Counterintelligence
work was moved from the RCMP's Criminal Investigation Department to a specialized intelligence branch, the RCMP Security Service, in 1939. Post-war[edit] On April 1, 1949, Newfoundland
joined in full confederation with Canada
and the Newfoundland
Ranger Force amalgamated with the RCMP. Following the 1945 defection of Soviet cipher clerk, Igor Gouzenko, and his revelations of espionage, the RCMP Security Service implemented measures to screen out "subversive" elements from the public sector.[16] In June 1953, the RCMP became an full member of the International Criminal Police
Organisation (Interpol).[17] Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
approved in Regina, Saskatchewan
on July 4, 1973, a new badge for the RCMP, in recognition of which the force presented the sovereign with a tapestry rendering of the new design.[18] In the late 1970s, revelations surfaced that the RCMP Security Service force had in the course of their intelligence duties engaged in crimes such as burning a barn and stealing documents from the separatist Parti Québécois, and other abuses. This led to the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Certain Activities of the RCMP, better known as the "McDonald Commission," named for the presiding judge, Mr Justice David Cargill McDonald. The Commission recommended that the force's intelligences duties be removed in favour of the creation of a separate intelligence agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS). Modern era[edit]

Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP) Sunset Ceremony 2012

In 1993, the Special Emergency Response Team (SERT), were transferred to the Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
(CF), creating a new unit called Joint Task Force 2 (JTF2). JTF2 inherited some equipment and SERT's former training base near Ottawa. In 2006, the United States
United States
Coast Guard's Ninth District and the RCMP began a program called "Shiprider," in which 12 Mounties from the RCMP detachment at Windsor and 16 US Coast Guard boarding officers from stations in Michigan ride in each other's vessels. The intent is to allow for seamless enforcement of the international border.[19] On December 6, 2006, RCMP Commissioner Giuliano Zaccardelli
Giuliano Zaccardelli
resigned after admitting that his earlier testimony about the Maher Arar terrorist case was inaccurate. The RCMP's actions were scrutinized by the Commission of Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials in Relation to Maher Arar. Two officers were found guilty of perjury and sentenced to jail for their actions in the 2007 Robert Dziekański Taser incident
Robert Dziekański Taser incident
in Vancouver. In 2007, the RCMP was named Newsmaker of the Year by The Canadian Press.[20] On June 3, 2013, the RCMP renamed its 'A' Division to National Division and tasked it with handling corruption cases "at home and abroad".[21] Notable cases[edit]

The American stagecoach robber Bill Miner
Bill Miner
was captured by the RCMP in 1906.[22] Albert Johnson, known as the Mad Trapper of Rat River, was killed in a shoot-out with the RCMP in 1932.[22] RCMP officers in Saskatchewan
arrested the perpetrator of the Shell Lake murders in 1967. Anarchist militants known as the Squamish Five were arrested by the RCMP in 1983. The suspected driver of the reconnaissance vehicle involved in the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing
Khobar Towers bombing
fled to Canada
where he was arrested by the RCMP in the winter of 1997 and was extradited to the United States. Four RCMP officers were fatally shot during an operation in Alberta
in March 2005: the Mayerthorpe tragedy
Mayerthorpe tragedy
was the single worst multiple killing of RCMP officers since the killing of 3 officers in Kamloops British Columbia
British Columbia
by a mentally ill assailant. Prior to that the Force had not felt such a loss since the North-West Rebellion.[23] In July 2007, two RCMP officers were shot dead in the Spiritwood Incident near Mildred, Saskatchewan. Three RCMP officers were murdered during the 2014 Moncton shootings
2014 Moncton shootings
in New Brunswick.[24] The perpetrator of the 2014 shootings at Parliament Hill, Ottawa
was shot and killed at the scene by the RCMP.

History of the RCMP uniform[edit]

RCMP in dress uniform Canada
Day 2015 on Saint Catherine Street - 063

The RCMP are famous for their distinctive dress uniform, or "Review Order," popularly known as the "Red Serge." It has a high collared scarlet tunic, midnight blue breeches with yellow leg stripe, Sam Browne belt with white sidearm lanyard, oxblood riding boots (possibly with spurs), brown felt campaign hat (wide, flat brimmed) with the characteristic "Montana crease", and brown gloves (with brown leather gauntlets for riders). Members wear the Review Order during the Musical Ride, an equestrian drill in which mounted members show their riding skills and handling of the cavalry lance. On normal duties, the RCMP uses standard police methods, equipment, and uniforms. The RCMP uses horses for ceremonial operations such as escorting the Governor General's open landau to the Opening of Parliament. Tunic[edit] The Red Serge
Red Serge
tunic that identified the NWMP and later the RNWMP and RCMP, is the standard British military pattern (based on the civilian Norfolk jacket[25]). Originally kitted from militia stores, the NWMP later adopted a standard style that emphasized the force's British heritage and differentiated it from the blue American military uniforms. In 1904, dark blue shoulder straps and collars replaced the uniform's scarlet facings[26] when King Edward VII
Edward VII
granted the Force "Royal" status for its service in the Second Boer War. Today, RCMP personnel under the rank of inspector wear blue "gorget" patches on the collar, while officers from inspector to commissioner wear solid blue collars and blue pointed-sleeve cuffs. Members once wore a white haversack on top of this jacket and white gauntlets,[25] which contrasted with the red tunic. The modern dress uniform replaces these easily-dirtied items with brown leather riding gloves and carrying pouches on the belt. Hat[edit] Although the NWMP contingent at Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee
Diamond Jubilee
wore the flat-brimmed Stetson, the RCMP did not adopt it until about 1904. The original primary summer headdress was the white British foreign service helmet, also known as a pith helmet. This was an impractical choice for the Canadian west, and RCMP members wore a Stetson
type hat on patrol and around camp. Sam Steele
Sam Steele
is often credited with introducing the Stetson-type hat, and when he left the force to command Lord Strathcona's Horse
Lord Strathcona's Horse
in South Africa, his unit adopted the Stetson. During winter, members wore a Canadian military fur wedge cap or busby. In British Columbia, the hat features a black bearskin rim belt. Breeches[edit] The NWMP wore buff or steel grey breeches[25] until they adopted dark blue breeches with yellow-gold strapping (stripes). Members often exchanged kit with U.S. cavalry units, and while some believe this was the source for the breeches, the NWMP considered adopting blue breeches with a white strap. Dark blue with yellow-gold strapping is a British cavalry tradition, and most cavalry (later armoured) regiments' dress uniforms feature yellow stripes. Boots[edit] Black riding boots changed to the modern brown style called "Strathcona Boots" or informally as "high browns" (See link to Lord Strathcona's Horse) and the original crossbelts changed to the brown Sam Browne type. The brown colour of the boots and belt the RCMP wear with the Red Serge
Red Serge
are from members who applied coats of polish, often during training at Depot Division. Spurs[edit] The RCMP's original spurs, known as "long shank spurs," were solid nickel. Their owners occasionally had their regimental number engraved on the inside, and some replaced the rowel with a US buffalo nickel[citation needed] to complement the Mounted Police
capbadge and avoid using a Canadian coin that would deface the monarch. The RCMP last issued long shank spurs in 1968. Sidearms are standard now, but were often not worn in the early years.[citation needed] Everyday uniform[edit]

RCMP in everyday uniform

The everyday uniform is a grey shirt with dark blue tie, dark blue trousers with gold strapping, regular patrol boots called "ankle boots," regular duty equipment, and a regular policeman's style cap. Members on operational duty wear a blue Gore-Tex
open-collar jacket (patrol jacket), while sergeants major and certain non-commissioned officers (NCOs) involved in recruit training or media relations wear a dark blue jacket (blue serge). Depending on their duties, officers wear white shirts and the patrol jacket or blue serge. During the summer, officers wear a tie with a short-sleeved shirt, and other members wear short-sleeved shirts. Winter dress is a long-sleeved shirt without tie for all members except officers, who wear a tie with the long-sleeved shirt. In colder weather, members may wear heavier boots, winter coats (storm coats) and a fur cap. In 1990, Baltej Singh Dhillon became the RCMP's first Sikh
officer to be allowed to wear a turban instead of the traditional Stetson.[27] On March 15, the federal government, despite protests, decided they would allow Sikhs to wear their religious headgear while on duty as RCMP officers, as had been the practice for Sikh
members of Canadian Forces for decades. Despite ongoing pressure from groups such as the Association for the Protection of Fur-Bearing Animals,[28] the RCMP uses muskrat fur in their winter dress uniform. The RCMP originally decided not to use fur, but the government overruled them. Decorations[edit] The RCMP awards its Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Long Service Medal to members who have completed 20 years' service. A clasp is awarded for each successive 5 years to 40 years. Members also receive a Service Badge star for each five years' service, which is worn on the left sleeve. There are specialist insignia for positions such as first aid instructor and dog handler, and pilot's wings are worn by aviators. Sharpshooter
badges for proficiency in pistol or rifle shooting are each awarded in two grades.[29] Women in the RCMP[edit] On May 23, 1974, RCMP Commissioner Maurice Nadon announced that the RCMP would accept applications from women as regular members of the force. Troop 17 was the first group of 32 females at Depot in Regina on September 18 and 19, 1974 for regular training. This first all-female troop graduated from Depot on March 3, 1975.

RCMP officer, 2011

After initially wearing different unflattering uniforms, women officers were finally issued the standard RCMP uniforms. Now all officers are identically attired, with two exceptions. The ceremonial dress uniform, or "walking-out order", for female members has a long, blue skirt and higher-heeled slip-on pumps plus small black clutch purse (however, in 2012 the RCMP began to allow women to wear trousers and boots with all their formal uniforms.[30]) The second exception is the official maternity uniform for pregnant female officers assigned to administrative duties. The following years saw the first women attain certain positions.

1981: corporal, musical ride 1987: foreign post 1990: detachment commander 1992: commissioned officer 1998: Assistant Commissioner 2000: Deputy Commissioner 2018: Commissioner

Beverley Busson
Beverley Busson
was the first woman to have held the top position in the force, albeit on an interim basis. She served as the interim Commissioner from December 15, 2006, to July 6, 2007.[31][32] The first female commissioner Brenda Lucki was appointed on March 9, 2018, to be officially sworn into office on April 16, 2018.[33] Military status[edit]

Royal Canadian Mounted Police Gendarmerie
royale du Canada

Guidon of the RCMP

Active 1873–present

Country Canada

Type Dragoons

Size 15 divisions

Garrison/HQ RHQ—Ottawa

Nickname(s) The Mounties

Motto(s) Maintiens le droit (Defending the law)[2][34]

Battle honours see Battle honours


Current commander Brenda Lucky (Commissioner)

Commissioner-in-Chief HM The Queen

Honorary Commissioner HRH The Prince of Wales[35]

Honorary Deputy Commissioner HRH The Earl of Wessex[36]


Tartan RCMP

Abbreviation RCMP/GRC

Although the RCMP is a civilian police force, in 1921, following the service of many of its members during the First World War, King George V awarded the force the status of a regiment of dragoons, entitling it to display the battle honours it had been awarded. Service in wartime[edit] During the Second Boer War, members of the North-West Mounted Police were given leaves of absence to join the 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles (CMR) and Strathcona's Horse. The force raised the Canadian Mounted Rifles, mostly from NWMP members, for service in South Africa. For the CMR's distinguished service there, King Edward VII honoured the NWMP by changing the name to the Royal Northwest Mounted Police
(RNWMP) on June 24, 1904. During the First World War, the Royal Northwest Mounted Police
Royal Northwest Mounted Police
(RNWMP) conducted border patrols, surveillance of enemy aliens, and enforcement of national security regulations within Canada. However, RNWMP officers also served overseas. On August 6, 1914, a squadron of volunteers from the RNWMP was formed to serve with the Canadian Light Horse in France. In 1918, two more squadrons were raised, A Squadron for service in France
and Flanders
and B Squadron for service in the Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force In September 1939, at the outset of the Second World War, the Canadian Army had no military police. Five days after war was declared the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
received permission to form a Provost Company of Force volunteers. It was designated No. 1 Provost Company (RCMP), and became the Canadian Provost Corps. Six months after war was declared its members were overseas in Europe and served throughout the Second World War as military police. Honours[edit] The Royal Canadian Mounted Police
were accorded the status of a regiment of Dragoons in 1921. As a cavalry regiment, the RCMP was entitled to wear battle honours for its war service as well as carry a guidon, with its first guidon presented in 1935.[37][38] The RCMP mounted the King's Life Guard at Horse Guards Parade
Horse Guards Parade
in 1937 leading up to the coronation of King George VI. The RCMP mounted the Queen's Life Guard in May 2012 during celebrations of Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee.[39] Battle honours

North West Canada
1885 South Africa
South Africa
1900–02 The Great War: France
and Flanders
1918, Siberia
1918–19 The Second World War: Europe, 1939–45

Honorary distinction:

The badge of the Canadian Provost Corps (Military Police), presented September 21, 1957, at a Parliament Hill
Parliament Hill
ceremony for contributions to the Corps during the Second World War

Legacy[edit] In 1975, the RCMP dedicated a memorial beside the Fred Light Museum in Battleford, Saskatchewan, consisting of a cemetery with gate, cairn and list of honour plaque to the members of the North-West Mounted Police
(1873–1904) and the RCMP.[40] Organization[edit] International[edit] The RCMP International Operations Branch assists the Liaison Officer (LO) Program to deter international crime relating to Canadian criminal laws. The IOB is a section of the International Policing, which is part of the RCMP Federal and International Operations Directorate. Thirty-seven Liaison Officers are placed in 23 other countries and are responsible for organizing Canadian investigations in other countries, developing and maintaining the exchange of criminal intelligence, especially national security with other countries, to provide assistance in investigations that directly affect Canada, to coordinate and assist RCMP officers on foreign business and to represent the RCMP at international meetings.[41] Liaison Officers are located in:

Africa & Middle East:

Rabat, Morocco Pretoria, South Africa Amman, Jordan Dubai, U.A.E.


New Delhi, India Islamabad, Pakistan Bangkok, Thailand Hong Kong
Hong Kong
SAR Beijing, China Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Colombo, Sri Lanka


London, United Kingdom Paris, France Berlin, Germany The Hague, Netherlands Rome, Italy

The Americas:

Kingston, Jamaica Mexico
City, Mexico Bogota, Colombia Caracas, Venezuela Brasilia, Brazil Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago  United States:

Miami, Florida New York, New York Seattle, Washington  Washington, D.C.

The RCMP was a member agency in the Afghan Threat Finance Cell, and RCMP officers were embedded with military units in Afghanistan.[42] National[edit] The RCMP is organized under the authority of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Act. In accordance with the Act, it is headed by the Commissioner, who, under the direction of the Minister of Public Safety, has the control and management of the Force and all matters connected therewith. The RCMP is provided with a senior executive committee (SEC) which[43]

“ is the senior decision making forum established by the Commissioner for the development and approval of strategic, force-wide policies, pursuant to and consistent with the Commissioner's authority under section 5 of the RCMP Act. The role of [the] SEC is to develop, promote and communicate strategic priorities, strategic objectives, management strategies and performance management for the purpose of direction and accountability. ”

The Commissioner is assisted by Deputy Commissioners in charge of:[44]

Federal and International Policing Police
Support Services Contract and Aboriginal Policing Human Resources East

("O" Division) National Division (Formerly "A" Division) National Headquarters Quebec
("C" Division) New Brunswick
New Brunswick
("J" Division) Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
("H" Division) Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island
("L" Division) Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
("B" Division)


British Columbia
British Columbia
("E" Division) Alberta
("K" Division) Saskatchewan
("F" Division) Manitoba
("D" Division) Yukon
("M" Division) Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
("G" Division) Nunavut
("V" Division)

Divisions[edit] The RCMP divides the country into divisions for command purposes. In general, each division is coterminous with a province (for example, C Division is Quebec). The province of Ontario, however, is divided into two divisions: National Division (Ottawa) and O Division (rest of the province). There is one additional division – Depot Division, which is the RCMP Academy at Regina, Saskatchewan, and the Police
Dog Service Training Centre[45] at Innisfail, Alberta. The RCMP headquarters are located in Ottawa, Ontario.

National Division building in Ottawa

National Division (formerly A Division): National Capital Region (Ottawa, Ontario, and Gatineau, Quebec)[46] B Division: Newfoundland
and Labrador[47] C Division: Quebec[48] D Division: Manitoba[48] E Division: British Columbia[49] F Division: Saskatchewan[50] G Division: Northwest Territories[51] H Division: Nova Scotia[52] J Division: New Brunswick[53] K Division: Alberta[54] L Division: Prince Edward Island[55] M Division: Yukon[56] O Division: Ontario[57] V Division: Nunavut[58] Depot Division at Regina and the Police
Dog Service Training Centre[45] at Innisfail.

Detachments[edit] A detachment is a section of the RCMP which polices a local area. Detachments vary greatly in size. The largest single RCMP detachment is in the City of Surrey in British Columbia, with over a thousand employees. Surrey has contracted with the RCMP for policing services since 1951.[59] The second-largest RCMP detachment is in Burnaby, also in British Columbia.[60] Conversely, detachments in small, isolated rural communities have as few as three officers. The RCMP formerly had many single-officer detachments in these areas,[61][62] but in 2012 the RCMP announced that it was introducing a requirement that detachments should have at least three officers.[62] Personal Protection Group[edit] The Personal Protection Group or PPG is a 180-member group responsible for security details for VIPs, the prime minister, and the governor general.[63] It was created after the 1995 incident at 24 Sussex Drive.[64] Units under the PPG consists of:

Prime Minister Protective Detail provides bodyguards to protect the Prime Minister of Canada
in Canada
and abroad. This unit is based in Ottawa
with operations at 24 Sussex Drive
24 Sussex Drive
and Harrington Lake near Chelsea, Quebec. Governor General’s Protection Detail provides bodyguards to protect the Governor General of Canada
in Canada
and abroad. This unit is based in Ottawa
with operations at Rideau Hall. Very Important Persons Security Section (VIPSS) provides security details to VIP (including the Chief Justice of Canada, federal ministers, and diplomats) and others under the direction of the Minister of Public Safety.


An RCMP chief superintendent (foreground) attends the opening of an Operational Integration Center, alongside representatives of US counterpart agencies.

As of September 1, 2015[update], the RCMP employed 28,461 men and women, including police officers, civilian members, and Public Service Employees.[6] Actual personnel strength by ranks:

Commissioner 1 Deputy commissioner 7 Assistant commissioner 26 Chief superintendent 58 Superintendent 179 Inspector
345 Corps sergeant major 1 Sergeants major 1 Staff sergeants major 13 Staff sergeants 812 Sergeants 1,923 Corporals 3,377 Constables 11,491 Special
constables 55 Civilian members 3,838 Public servants 6,331 Total 28,461

Regular members[edit] The term regular member, or RM, originates from the RCMP Act and refers to the 18,988 regular RCMP officers who are trained and sworn as peace officers, and include all the ranks from constable to commissioner. They are the police officers of the RCMP and are responsible for investigating crime and have the authority to make arrests. RMs operate in over 750 detachments, including 200 municipalities and more than 600 Aboriginal communities. RMs are normally assigned to general policing duties at an RCMP detachment for a minimum of three years. These duties allow them to experience a broad range of assignments and experiences, such as responding to emergency (9-1-1) calls, foot patrol, bicycle patrol, traffic enforcement, collecting evidence at crime scenes, testifying in court, apprehending criminals and plain clothes duties. Regular members also serve in over 150 different types of operational and administrative opportunities available within the RCMP, these include: major crime investigations, emergency response, forensic identification, forensic collision reconstruction, international peacekeeping, bike or marine patrol, explosives disposal and police dog services. Also included are administrative roles including human resources, corporate planning, policy analysis and public affairs. Auxiliary constables and other staff[edit] Besides the regular RCMP officers, several types of designations exist which give them assorted powers and responsibilities over policing issues. Currently, there are:

Community Constables: not reported Reserve Constables : Approximately 100 in British Columbia[65] Auxiliary Constables: 2,400+[66] Community Safety Officers: 16 Aboriginal Community Constables: 7[67] Special
Constables: 78[6] Civilian Members: 3,760[6] Public servants: 6,194[6]

Community Constables (CC) A new designation introduced in 2014 as a replacement to the Community Safety Officers & Aboriginal Community Constables pilot programs.[68][69] Community Constables are armed, paid members holding the rank of Special
Constables, with peace officer power.[70] They are to provide a bridge between the local citizens and the RCMP using their local and cultural knowledge[71] They will mostly be focused on crime prevention, liaison with the community, and to provide resources in the event of a large-scale event.[72]

Reserve Constables (R/Cst.) A program reinstated in 2004 in British Columbia
British Columbia
to allow for retired, regular RCMP members or other provincially trained officers to provide extra manpower when a shortage is identified.[73] R/Cst. are appointed under Section 11 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Act as paid part-time, armed officers with the same powers as regular members.[74] However, they are not allowed to carry force-issued sidearms and use of force options unless they are called upon to duty.[73] They generally carry out community policing roles but may also be called upon if an emergency occurs.[73][75]

Auxiliary constables (A/Cst.) Volunteers within their own community, appointed under provincial police acts.[66] They are not police officers and can not identify themselves as such. However, they are given peace officer powers when on duty with a regular member (RM). Their duties consist mainly of assisting the RM in routine events, for example cordoning off crime scene areas, crowd control, participating in community policing, assistance during situations where regular members might be overwhelmed with their duties (e.g., keep watch of a backseat detainee while RM interviews a victim). They are identified by the wording of "RCMP Auxiliary" on cars, jackets and shoulder flashes.

Community Safety Officers (CSO) In 2008, a new pilot designation within the RCMP in British Columbia was created based on the UK Police
Community Support Officer program. Community safety officers are paid, unarmed RCMP staff members with similar RCMP uniform but distinct shoulder badges with baton, pepper spray and handcuffs.[76][77] CSOs work with regular members in five areas: community safety; crime prevention; traffic support; community policing and investigation support.[78] They are peace officers but are not police officers.[79] CSOs are appointed as special constable under the RCMP Act.[80] The CSO program is scheduled to be dismantled in 2015.[69]

Aboriginal Community Constables (ACC) A pilot program that began in April 2011 where ACCs are armed, uniformed peace officers who are engaged in policing activities in their home First Nations
First Nations
and Inuit communities in Northwest Territories, Manitoba, Alberta, and Nunavut.[80] Their function is to engage their communities in active crime prevention/reduction activities, and building positive relationships between their communities and the RCMP but can also provide tactical, enforcement and investigational support to core resources as a secondary function.[80][81] The program is scheduled to be merged into the Community Constable program in 2015.[68]

constables (S/Cst.) Employees of the RCMP, they have varied duties depending on where they are deployed, but are often given this designation because of an expertise they possess which needs to be applied in a certain area. For example, an Aboriginal person might be appointed a special constable in order to assist regular members as they police an Aboriginal community where English is not well understood, and where the special constable speaks the language well.

From the early years of policing in northern Canada, and well into the 1950s, local aboriginal people were hired by the RCMP as special constables and were employed as guides and to obtain and care for sled dog teams. Many of these former special constables still reside in the North to this day and are still involved in regimental functions of the RCMP.

Civilian members of the RCMP While not delegated the powers of police officers, they are instead hired for their specialized scientific, technological, communications and administrative skills. Since the RCMP is a multi-faceted law enforcement organization with responsibilities for federal, provincial and municipal policing duties, it offers employment opportunities for civilian members as professional partners within Canada's national police force.

Civilian members represent approximately 14% of the total RCMP employee population, and are employed within RCMP establishments in most geographical areas of Canada. The following is a list of the most common categories of employment that may be available to interested and qualified individuals.


Telecommunications Operator (Dispatcher)[82]


Toxicology Chemistry Biology
– DNA Law


Forensic Identification Services Instrument Technology Document Examination Counterfeit Analysis Firearms Technology Electronics Technology Information Technology Communications Computer Systems Development Telecommunications Information Services/Public Affairs


Policy Development and Analysis Staff Development and Training Human Resource Management Translation Police
Records Information Management Environment (PRIME-BC)

Public Service Employees Also referred to as Public Servants, PSes or PSEs, they provide much of the administrative support for the RCMP in the form of detachment clerks and other administrative support at the headquarters level. They are not police officers, do not wear a uniform, have no police authority and are not bound by the RCMP Act.

Municipal Employees

Abbreviated as "ME" they are found in RCMP detachments where a contract exists with a municipality to provide front-line policing. MEs are not actually employees of the RCMP, but are instead employed by the local municipality to work in the RCMP detachment. They conduct the same duties that a PSE would and are required to meet the same reliability and security clearance to do so. Many detachment buildings house a combination of municipal and provincially funded detachments, and therefore there are often PSEs and MEs found working together in them. Ranks[edit] The rank system of the RCMP is partly a result of their origin as a paramilitary force. Upon its founding, the RCMP adopted the rank insignia of the Canadian Army
Canadian Army
(which in turn came from the British Army), which is almost identical to that of the current Canadian Army. Like in a military, the RCMP also has a distinction between commissioned and non-commissioned officers. The non-commissioned ranks are mostly based off military ranks (apart from constable). Non-commissioned officer
Non-commissioned officer
ranks above staff sergeant resemble those that formerly existed in the Canadian Army, but have since been replaced by warrant officers.[83] The commissioned officer ranks, by contrast, use a set of non-military titles that are often used in Commonwealth police services. The number of higher ranks has increased since the formation of the force. The rank of inspector, which was initially a subaltern, is now a field officer level, while several lower officer ranks have been dropped. The numbers are current as of September 1, 2015:[6]


Commissioner Deputy Commissioner Assistant Commissioner Chief Superintendent Superintendent Inspector

Commissaire Sous-commissaire Commissaire adjoint Surintendant principal Surintendant Inspecteur

1 7 26 58 179 348


Corps Sergeant Major Sergeant Major Staff Sergeant Major Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Constable

Sergent-major du corps Sergent-major Sergent-major d'état major Sergent d'état-major Sergent Caporal Gendarme

1 1 13 812 1,923 3,377 11,491

No Insignia

The ranks of inspector and higher are commissioned ranks and are appointed by the Governor-in-Council. Depending on the dress, badges are worn on the shoulder as slip-ons, on shoulder boards, or directly on the epaulettes. The lower ranks are non-commissioned officers and the insignia continues to be based on British army patterns. Since 1990, the non-commissioned officers' rank insignia has been embroidered on the epaulette slip-ons. Non-commissioned rank badges are worn on the right sleeve of the scarlet/blue tunic and blue jacket. The constables wear no rank insignia. There are also Special Constables, Reserve Constables, Auxiliary Constables, and Students who wear identifying insignia. The Bath star
Bath star
represents the military Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. Equipment and vehicles[edit]

A Ford Taurus cruiser in an Ottawa

RCMP truck at the G20 summit in Toronto

Land fleet[edit] RCMP Land Transport Fleet Inventory includes:[84]

Cars: 5,330 Unmarked vehicles: 2,811 Light Trucks: 2,090 Heavy Trucks: 123 SUVs: 616 Motorcycles: 34 Small snowmobiles: 481 All-terrain vehicles: 181 Gas railway car: 1 Tractors: 27 Buses: 3 Total: 11,697

Marine craft[edit]

RCMP-CCG vessel Simmonds with CCGS Cape Hurd

The RCMP polices Canadian Internal Waters, including the territorial sea and contiguous zone as well as the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
and Saint Lawrence Seaway; such operations are provided by the RCMP's Federal Services Directorate and includes enforcing Canada's environment, fisheries, customs and immigration laws. In provinces and municipalities where the RCMP performs contract policing, the force polices freshwater lakes and rivers. To meet these challenges, the RCMP operates the Marine Division, with five Robert Allan Ltd.–designed high-speed catamaran patrol vessels; Inkster and the Commissioner-class Nadon, Higgitt, Lindsay and Simmonds, based on all three coasts and manned by officers specially trained in maritime enforcement. Inkster is based in Prince Rupert, BC, Simmonds is stationed on Newfoundland's south coast, and the rest are on the Pacific Coast.[85] Simmonds sports the RCMP badge, but is otherwise painted with Canadian Coast Guard
Canadian Coast Guard
colours and the marking Coast Guard Police. The other four vessels are painted with blue and white RCMP colours. The RCMP operates 377 smaller boats, defined as vessels less than 9.2 m (30 ft) long, at locations across Canada. This category ranges from canoes and car toppers to rigid-hulled inflatables and stable, commercially built, inboard/outboard vessels. Individual detachments often have smaller high-speed rigid-hulled inflatable boats and other purpose-built vessels for inland waters, some of which can be hauled by road to the nearest launching point.[85]

RCMP Ship Fleet

Ship Name Type Class Base Specifications Propulsion Top Speed Builder Year Commissioned Crew

Inkster Patrol vessel n/a Prince Rupert, BC 19.75 m (64.8 ft) fast patrol aluminum catamaran

25 kn (46 km/h; 29 mph)+ Allied Shipbuilders Limited of North Vancouver, BC 1996 4

Nadon Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV (Raven Class) Nanaimo, BC 17.7 m (58 ft) fast patrol catamaran 2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1991 4

Higgitt Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV Campbell River, BC 17.7 m (58 ft) fast patrol catamaran 2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1992 4

Lindsay Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV Patricia Bay, Victoria, BC 17.7 m (58 ft) fast patrol catamaran 2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1993 4

Simmonds Patrol vessel Commissioner Class PV South coast Newfoundland 17.7 m (58 ft) fast patrol catamaran 2 × 820 hp (610 kW) D2840 LE401 V-10 MAN Diesel engines 36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph) Robert Allan Ltd. 1995 4

Aircraft fleet[edit]

RCMP Pilatus PC-12

As of June 2017 the RCMP had 35 aircraft (9 helicopters and 26 fixed-wing aircraft) registered with Transport Canada
(TC).[8] All aircraft are operated and maintained by the Air Services Branch. Only the Twin Otter is a twin-engine aircraft, all the others, including the helicopters, are single engine.

RCMP Fleet

Aircraft Number[8] Variants Notes

Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil 7 AS 350B3 Helicopter, AStar 350 or "Squirrel"

Cessna 206 5 U206G, T206H Fixed wing, Stationair ( Station wagon
Station wagon
of the Air), general aviation aircraft

Cessna 208 Caravan 3 208, 208B Fixed wing, Caravan, short-haul regional airliner and utility aircraft

de Havilland Canada
DHC-6 Twin Otter 1 300 Series Fixed wing, 20-passenger STOL
feederliner and utility aircraft

Eurocopter EC120 Colibri 2 EC 120B Light helicopter, "Hummingbird"

Pilatus PC-12 16 PC-12/45, PC-12/47, PC-12/47E Fixed wing, turboprop passenger and cargo aircraft

Quest Kodiak 1 100 Fixed wing, un-pressurized, turboprop-powered fixed-tricycle-gear, STOL

Weapons and intervention options[edit]

RCMP issue Smith & Wesson Model 5946 service pistol with Hogue grip

RCMP issue Taser International
Taser International
X-26 conducted energy weapon

Smith & Wesson Model 5946 Smith & Wesson model 3953 Heckler & Koch MP5 Remington Model 700P .308 centrefire rifle Winchester Model 70
Winchester Model 70
.308 rifle. (This rifle is being phased out and replaced by the Remington 700) Remington 870
Remington 870
12-gauge shotgun SIG Sauer 220R - .45 ACP
.45 ACP
/ SIG Sauer 226R - 9×19mm Colt Canada
C7 rifle Colt Canada
C8 carbine Taser International
Taser International
M26, X26, & X26P Oleoresin capsicum spray ASP and Monadnock expandable defensive batons

Past weapons and intervention options[edit]

Fabrique Nationale (FN) C1A1 variant of the L1A1
and FN FAL
produced under licence by Canadian Arsenals Limited (CAL) (Long Branch). Lee–Enfield
No. 4 Mk1 Winchester Model 1876
Winchester Model 1876
saddle carbine—issued in .45-75 Winchester, and used from 1878 until 1914.[86] Enfield Mark II revolver—issued in .476 Enfield, about 1080 Mark IIs obtained from Britain's Ministry of Defence, after it was learned the Beaumont–Adams had been discontinued.[87] Beaumont–Adams revolver—first issue weapon, in .450 Adams. 330 Mark Is purchased from Britain's Ministry of Defence; later, 330 Mark IIs added.[88] Webley & Scott Bull Dog revolver[89] Colt New Service
Colt New Service
revolver—700 ordered in .455 Webley, with .45 Long Colt versions being delivered from 1919; in all, over 3200 issued.[90] Smith & Wesson Model 10 revolver—issued with 5 in (130 mm) barrel, in .38 Special. It served more than forty years. Halfway through its service, the loading was changed to a .38 Special +P. (The loading was a 158 gr (0.36 oz; 10.2 g) hollowpoint, a violation of the Hague Convention if used in a military context.[90]) Smith & Wesson Model 3 revolver Snider–Enfield Tranter revolver 1822 and 1853 pattern light cavalry swords Straightstick baton manufactured in wood and plastic Sap gloves

Ceremonial weapons and symbols of office[edit]

1912 pattern cavalry officer's sword carried by officers. Blade is acid etched both sides with the monarch's crown, Canadian coat of Arms, royal cypher and RCMP badge. 1908 pattern cavalry sword carried by NCOs on the Musical Ride Bamboo lance Drill cane Swagger stick Commissioner's tipstaff

In 1973, Wilkinson Sword
Wilkinson Sword
produced a number of commemorative swords to celebrate the RCMP centennial. None of these swords were ever used ceremonially, and were strictly collectibles. Wilkinson Sword
Wilkinson Sword
also made a commemorative centennial tomahawk and miniature "letter opener" models of their centennial swords. In 1973, Winchester Repeating Arms Company produced an RCMP commemorative centennial version of their Model 94 rifle in .30-30 Winchester, with a 22 in (560 mm) round barrel. The receiver, buttplate, and forend cap (on the musket-style forend) were plated in gold. Commemorative medallions were embedded in the right-hand side of the stock, with an "MP" engraving. There was engraving on the barrel and receiver indicating the rifle was a centennial commemorative edition. Sights were open notch rear, with a flip-up rear ladder, graduated to 2,000 yd (1,800 m). Two versions were produced, 9500 with serial numbers beginning "RCMP" for commercial sale, 5000 with the prefix "MP" sold only to serving RCMP members. In addition, ten presentation models were produced, serialled RCMP1P to RCMP10P. (The production of this commemorative is ironic, since the Winchester 94 was never used by the force.)[91]) Popular awareness of the RCMP[edit]

Canadian flag carried by RCMP at the opening ceremonies of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver

The Mounties have been immortalized as symbols of Canadian culture in numerous Hollywood Northwestern movies and television series, which often feature the image of the Mountie as square-jawed, stoic, and polite, yet with a steely determination and physical toughness that sometimes appears superhuman. Coupled with the adage that the Mountie "always gets his man," the image projects them as fearsome, incorruptible, dogged yet gentle champions of the law. The RCMP's motto is actually Maintiens le droit, French for "Defending the Law".[1][2] The Hollywood motto derives from a comment by a Montana newspaper, the Fort Benton Record: "They fetch their man every time".[92] Early depictions[edit] In 1912, Ralph Connor's Corporal Cameron of the North-West Mounted Police: A Tale of the MacLeod Trail appeared, becoming an international best-selling novel. Mounties fiction became a popular genre in both pulp magazines and book form. Among the best-selling authors who specialized in tales of the Mounted Police
were James Oliver Curwood, Laurie York Erskine, James B Hendryx, T Lund, Harwood Steele (the son of Sam Steele), and William Byron Mowery. In other media, a famous example is the radio and television series, Sergeant Preston of the Yukon. Dudley Do-Right
Dudley Do-Right
(of The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show) is a 1960s example of the comic aspect of the Mountie myth, as is Klondike Kat, from Total Television. The Broadway musical and Hollywood movie Rose-Marie is a 1930s example of its romantic side. A successful combination were a series of Renfrew of the Royal Mounted boy's adventure novels written by Laurie York Erskine beginning in 1922 running to 1941. In the 1930s Erskine narrated a Sgt Renfrew of the Mounties radio show and a series of films with actor-singer James Newill playing Renfrew were released between 1937 and 1940. In 1953 portions of the films were mixed with new sequences of Newill for a Renfrew of the Mounted television series. A former Mounted Police
corporal (1919–1923), Bruce Carruthers, served as an unofficial technical advisor to Hollywood in many films with RCMP characters.[93] Modern culture[edit] In 1959, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
aired R.C.M.P., a half-hour dramatic series about an R.C.M.P. detachment keeping the peace and fighting crime. Filmed in black and white, in and around Ottawa
by Crawley Films, the series was co-produced with the BBC
and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Australian Broadcasting Corporation
and ran for 39 episodes. It was noted for its pairing of Québécois and Anglo officers. Canadians also poke fun at the RCMP with Sergeant Renfrew and his faithful dog Cuddles in various sketches produced by the Royal Canadian Air Farce comedy troupe. On That '70s Show
That '70s Show
Mounties were played by SCTV alumni Joe Flaherty and Dave Thomas. The British have also exploited the myth: the BBC
television series Monty Python's Flying Circus featured a group of Mounties singing the chorus in The Lumberjack
Song in the lumberjack sketch. The 1972–90 CBC series The Beachcombers
The Beachcombers
featured a character named Constable John Constable who attempted to enforce the law in the town of Gibsons, British Columbia. In comic books, the Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
characters of Alpha Flight
Alpha Flight
were described on several occasions as "RCMP auxiliaries," and two of their members, Snowbird and the second Major Mapleleaf
Major Mapleleaf
were depicted as serving members of the force. In the latter case, due to trademark issues, Major Mapleleaf
Major Mapleleaf
was described as a "Royal Canadian Mountie" in the opening roll call pages of each issue of Alpha Flight
Alpha Flight
he appeared in. Charles Bronson
Charles Bronson
and Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
starred in the 1981 movie Death Hunt that fictionalized the RCMP pursuit of Albert Johnson. In the early 1990s, Canadian professional wrestler Jacques Rougeau utilized the gimmick of "The Mountie" while wrestling for the WWF. He typically wore the Red Serge
Red Serge
to the ring, and carried a shock stick as an illegal weapon. As his character was portrayed as an evil Mountie, the RCMP ultimately won an injunction preventing Rougeau from wrestling as this character in Canada, though he was not prevented from doing so outside the country. He briefly held the Intercontinental Championship in 1992. The 1998 swan song of Nick Berry's time on UK drama Heartbeat featured his character, Sergeant Nick Rowan, transferring to Canada
and taking the rank of constable in the Mounties. The special telemovie was titled Heartbeat: Changing Places. The 1994–98 TV series Due South
Due South
paired a Mountie (and his deaf half-wolf) with a streetwise American detective cleaning up the streets of Chicago, mainly deriving its entertainment from the perceived differences in attitude between these two countries' police forces. A pair of Mounties staffed the RCMP detachment in the fictional town of Lynx River, Northwest Territories, in the CBC series North of 60. The series, which aired from 1992 to 1998, was about events in the mostly native community, but the Mounties featured prominently in each episode. Another TV series from the 1990s, Bordertown featured a NWMP corporal paired with a U.S. marshal securing law and order on a frontier U.S.- Canada
border town. In the ABC TV mini-series Answered by Fire, at least three mounties are featured. Mounties also appears in the TV series When Calls the Heart
When Calls the Heart
(Hallmark Channel) The 1987 Brian De Palma
Brian De Palma
film The Untouchables featured cooperation between the Treasury Department task force, led by Eliot Ness, and the Mounties against liquor smuggling across the Canada–United States border. The 1995 album C'est Cheese
C'est Cheese
by Canadian musical comedy group The Arrogant Worms includes "The Mountie Song", which tells the story of a dissatisfied Mountie. In his 1999, album Soiree
musician A. Frank Willis included "Savage Cop in Savage Cove" which was based on a true story & went on to become a big hit.[94] From 2011, the CTV fantasy drama series "The Listener" began to regularly feature characters who worked for the Integrated Investigative Bureau, a fictional division of the R.C.M.P. that brought together various specialists, officers and civilian consultants to work on high profile or federal cases. Although characters in the employ of the IIB were rarely, if ever, depicted wearing uniform, they were often addressed by their ranks - two main characters were Sergeant Michelle McClusky and Corporal Dev Clark. Mountie merchandise[edit] There are products and merchandise that are made in the image of the RCMP, like Mounties statues or hats. Before 1995, the RCMP had little control over these products. The RCMP Heritage Centre
RCMP Heritage Centre
is a multi-million dollar museum designed by Arthur Erickson
Arthur Erickson
that opened May 2007 in Regina, Saskatchewan
at the RCMP Academy, Depot Division. It replaced the old RCMP museum and is designed to celebrate the role of the force in Canada's history. Trademark[edit] The Royal Canadian Mounted Police
received an international licence on April 1, 1995, requiring those who use the RCMP to pay a licensing fee. Proceeds from the fees is used for community awareness programmes.[95] Those that do not pay the licensing fee are legally unable to use the name of the RCMP or their correct uniforms, though a film such as Canadian Bacon
Canadian Bacon
used the name "Royal Mounted Canadian Police" (RMCP) and the character in the Dudley Do-Right
Dudley Do-Right
film did not wear accurate insignia. Through a Master Licensing Agreement (MLA) with the RCMP, the RCMP Foundation is responsible for managing the commercial use of the RCMP name, image, and protected marks.[96] The Foundation issues selected companies a royalty-based agreement allowing them to produce and market high quality official RCMP merchandise. Walt Disney Co. (Canada) Ltd. was contracted to aid in the initial set up of the Licensing Program[97] but contrary to popular belief, Disney never owned or controlled any of the RCMP's protected marks. Following the expiration of the Disney contract in 2000, all responsibilities and activities were taken over by the then Executive Director and his staff, reporting to the Foundation President and Board of Directors. In 2007, through a decree signed by Commissioner Beverley Busson, the operating name was changed to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Foundation. Controversies and criticism[edit] Further information: List of controversies involving the Royal Canadian Mounted Police American historian Andrew Graybill has argued that the Mounted Police closely resemble the Texas Rangers in many ways. He argues that each protected the established order by confining and removing Indians, by tightly controlling the mixed blood peoples (the African Americans in Texas and the Métis in Canada), assisted the large-scale ranchers against the small-scale ranchers and farmers who fenced the land, and broke the power of labour unions that tried to organize the workers of industrial corporations.[98] The RCMP have been involved in training and logistically supporting the Haitian National Police
Haitian National Police
since 1994, a controversial matter in Canada
considering allegations of widespread human rights violations on the part of the HNP. Some Canadian activist groups have called for an end to the RCMP training.[99] The RCMP has also provided training overseas in Iraq
and other peace-keeping missions. In October 2016, the RCMP issued an apology for harassment, discrimination, and sexual abuse of female officers and civilian members. Additionally they set aside a $100 million fund to compensate these victims. Over 20,000 current and past female employees that were employed after 1974 are eligible.[100] Fallen officers and civilian members[edit] As of December 12, 2017,[101][102] the RCMP has 240 fallen officers, and one fallen civilian employee, for a total of 241 fallen members. Note: Murdered
is used in this table to express the cause of death of an officer at the hands of another individual, through unknown methods.

Rank and Name Date Cause of Death

Sub Constable John Nash March 11, 1876 Accidental

Sub Constable George Mahoney June 19, 1877 Drowning

Constable Marmaduke Graburn November 17, 1879 Murdered

Constable Claudius S. Hooley July 24, 1880 Drowning

Constable George Hamilton Johnston May 23, 1882 Accidental gunshot

Constable Adam Wahl May 25, 1882 Drowning

Constable Thomas James Gibson March 26, 1885 Murdered/ Killed in action at Battle of Duck Lake

Constable George Knox Garrett March 27, 1885 Murdered/ Killed in action at Battle of Duck Lake

Constable George Pearce Arnold March 27, 1885 Murdered/ Killed in action at Battle of Duck Lake

Constable David Latimer Cowan April 15, 1885 Murdered

Corporal Ralph Bateman Sleigh May 2, 1885 Killed in action at Battle of Cut Knife

Constable Patrick Burke May 3, 1885 Killed in action at Battle of Cut Knife

Corporal William Hay Talbot Lowry May 3, 1885 Killed in action at Battle of Cut Knife

Constable Frank Orlando Elliot May 14, 1885 Murdered

Constable Alfred Perry June 8, 1889 Drowning

Sergeant Albert Ernest Garland Montgomery August 10, 1890 Injuries from being thrown off his horse

Constable George Quiqueran Rene Saveuse DeBeaujeu September 8, 1890 Drowning

Corporal Harry Oliver Morphy September 9, 1890 Drowning

Constable William Tyrrell Reading December 14, 1890 Injuries from being crushed by a falling horse

Constable James Herron March 2, 1891 Blizzard

Sergeant Colin Campbell Colebrook October 29, 1895 Murdered

Constable Oscar Alexander Kern April 27, 1896 Drowning

Sergeant William Brock Wilde November 10, 1896 Murdered

Constable John Randolph Kerr May 28, 1897 Murdered

Corporal Charles Horne Sterling Hockin May 29, 1897 Murdered

Constable Norman Malcolm Campbell December 26, 1901 Drowning

Constable Spencer Gilbert Heathcote December 26, 1901 Drowning

Constable Stick Sam July 29, 1903 Drowning

Staff Sergeant Arthur F.M. Brooke September 26, 1903 Drowning

Constable Joseph Russell July 5, 1905 Drowning

Constable Thomas Robert Jackson June 8, 1906 Drowning

Corporal Alexander Gardner Haddock June 14, 1906 Drowning

Assistant Surgeon Walter Stafford Flood November 29, 1906 Exposure

Constable George Ernest Willmett April 12, 1908 Murdered

Sergeant Ralph Morton L. Donaldson April 14, 1908 Drowning

Constable Samuel Carter February 14, 1911 Starvation. exposure, and exhaustion

Francis Joseph Fitzgerald February 14, 1911 Starvation, exposure, and exhaustion

Constable George Frances Kinney February 14, 1911 Starvation, exposure, and exhaustion

Constable Richard O'Hara Taylor February 14, 1911 Starvation, exposure, and exhaustion

Constable Francis Walter Davies June 3, 1912 Murdered

Corporal Maxwell George Bailey April 23, 1913 Murdered

Constable Michael James Fitzgerald August 27, 1913 Drowning

Constable Alexander Lamont February 16, 1918 Typhoid fever

Staff Sergeant George Henry Leopold Bossange June 21, 1919 Lightning

Corporal Ernest Usher August 7, 1920 Murdered

Sergeant Arthur George Searle May 15, 1921 Drowning

Corporal William Andrew Doak April 1, 1922 Gunfire

Constable Ian M. Macdonald August 28, 1924 Drowning

Constable Leo Francis Cox June 28, 1925 Drowning

Constable Frederick Rhodes December 6, 1926 Injuries sustained in a fire

Sergeant Richard Henry Nicholson December 31, 1928 Murdered

Constable Donald Ross Macdonell April 19, 1931 Drowning

Constable Norman Massan April 19, 1931 Drowning

Constable Edgar Millen January 30, 1932 Murdered

Constable Peter Seddon Oliver February 10, 1932 Killed in action

Corporal Leonard Victor Ralls July 5, 1932 Murdered

Corporal John Lorne Halliday October 14, 1932 Accidental self-inflicted wound

Lorne James Sampson May 8, 1933 Injuries from falling off his horse

Corporal Michael Moriarty April 26, 1935 Murdered

Constable John George Shaw October 5, 1935 Murdered

Constable George Campbell Harrison October 8, 1935 Murdered

Sergeant Thomas Seller Wallace October 8, 1935 Murdered

Constable Daniel Miller October 14, 1935 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident

Constable George Edward Horan March 10, 1937 Automobile accident

Constable William George Boorman May 26, 1937 Accidental gunfire

Constable Willis Edward Rhodeniser August 26, 1939 Gunfire

Constable Norman Alfred Gleadow October 11, 1939 Murdered

Sergeant Arthur Julian Barker March 16, 1940 Gunfire

Constable Frederick Gordon Frank Counsell May 22, 1940 Gunfire

Constable Harry G. Rapeer May 23, 1940 Accidental

Engineer Third Class Daniel Everett Gillis March 26, 1941 Exposure caused by a ship fire

Constable Charles James Johnstone May 1, 1941 Lost at sea after an enemy U-boat attack

Constable Henry Clare Jarvis July 15, 1941 Drowning

Sergeant Louis Romeo Dubuc September 27, 1941 Killed in action

Constable Joseph Henry Kent November 5, 1941 Injuries from being struck by a vehicle

Constable Charles Floyd Patterson November 25, 1941 Accidental

First Officer Patrick Reginald Fairburn Milthorpe February 10, 1942 Shipwrecking

Constable Albert Joseph Chartrand February 13, 1942 Heart attack

Master John Willard Bonner September 11, 1942 Shipwrecking

Corporal Laurance Percival Ryder January 20, 1943 Pneumonia
after a cerebral haemorrhage, possibly caused by injuries sustained on duty

Constable James Harvard Delamere Bedlington April 30, 1943 Motorcycle accident

Surgeon Maurice Powers, B.A., M.D., C.M. October 20, 1943 Aircraft accident

Constable Terence Graham Newcomen Watts December 28, 1943 Shellfire

Constable Edison Alexander Cameron December 28, 1943 Killed in action

Constable David Charles Gardner Moon December 28, 1943 Shellfire

Constable Gordon Evan Bondurant January 8, 1944 Wounds from bomb fragments

Constable Kenneth Laurence d'Albena May 15, 1944 Destruction of his Jeep
by a Teller mine

Constable John Francis Joseph Nelson May 22, 1944 Killed in action

Constable Donald Gilbert Stackhouse May 31, 1944 His motorcycle hitting a Teller mine

Constable Wilfred James Cobble December 4, 1946 Struck by a vehicle

Second Class Constable James Boyd Henderson August 7, 1948 Drowning

Constable Carl Frizzle Wilson September 9, 1948 Struck by a vehicle

Constable Alexander Gamman May 26, 1950 Murdered

Constable Herschel Taylor Wood July 16, 1950 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident

Constable Stephen Kasper May 11, 1953 Aircraft accident

Constable Joseph Kasimir Sander July 9, 1954 Drowning

Constable Ronald Charles Bloomfield July 9, 1954 Drowning

Constable Andrew Ooyoumut July 21, 1954 Drowning

Constable Douglas Earl Fergusen September 17, 1954 Carbon monoxide poisoning

Constable Roy Eldon Laird August 26, 1955 Automobile accident

Constable Charles William Reay October 6, 1955 Drowning

David James McCombe December 12, 1955 Exposure

Constable William Lawrence Melsom February 8, 1956 Automobile accident

Second Class Constable Henry Charles Arlington Chandler June 15, 1956 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident

Constable John Roland Cobley January 5, 1957 Struck by a vehicle

Corporal Herbert Milton Smart June 7, 1958 Drowning

Second Class Constable Maurice Melnychuk June 7, 1958 Drowning

Second Class Constable Glen Frederick Farough June 7, 1958 Drowning

Second Class Constable David Melvyn Perry June 7, 1958 Drowning

Second Class Constable George Herbert Edward Ransom June 7, 1958 Drowning

Constable Cart Lennart Sundell July 14, 1958 Accidental gunfire

Staff Sergeant Stanley Samuel Rothwell August 6, 1958 Aircraft accident

Constable Richard William Green August 6, 1958 Aircraft accident

Constable Joseph Edouard Raymond Cormier August 6, 1958 Aircraft accident

Third Class Constable John Terence Hoey November 7, 1958 Gunfire

Constable Colin Eric Lelliot January 12, 1960 Gunfire

Constable Ronald Arthur Elkstrom April 12, 1961 Non-collision automobile accident

Constable Wayne Sinclair September 16, 1961 Severe internal injuries received in a non-collision automobile accident

Constable Joseph Thor Thompson December 18, 1961 Injuries sustained in an aircraft-vehicle collision

Constable Elwood Joseph Keck June 18, 1962 Gunfire

Constable Donald George Weisgerber June 18, 1962 Gunfire

Constable Gordon Eric Petersen June 18, 1962 Gunfire

Constable Archille Octave Maxime Lepine July 19, 1962 Automobile accident

Constable James Walter Forman April 24, 1963 Injuries sustained by being struck by a vehicle

Sergeant Kenneth Morley Laughland July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident

Corporal Robert William Asbil July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident

Constable Proctor Laurence Anthony Malcolm July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident

Constable William John David Annand July 13, 1963 Aircraft accident

Constable Joseph Pierre Francois Dubois January 3, 1964 Automobile accident

Corporal Ervin Jack Giesbrecht June 20, 1964 Drowning

Constable Robert Weston Amey December 17, 1964 Gunfire

Third Class Constable Reginald Wayne Williams December 19, 1964 Drowning

Constable David Brian Robinson February 2, 1965 Accidental gunshot

Constable Neil McArthur Bruce April 14, 1965 Pneumonia
from complications caused by a gunshot wound

Constable Thomas Percy Carroll February 11, 1966 Aircraft accident

Third Class Constable Philip John Francis Tidman April 20, 1966 Automobile accident

Constable Gordon Donald Pearson November 22, 1966 Gunshot

Third Class Constable Terry Eugene Tomfohr June 3, 1967 Accidental

Corporal Donald Archibald Harvey June 23, 1967 Gunshot

Third Class Constable Robert William Varney August 17, 1967 Automobile accident

Corporal George Ronald Hawkins June 6, 1968 Encephalitis

Second Class Constable James Alexander Kerr December 11, 1968 Automobile accident

Corporal Terry Gerrard Williams June 8, 1969 Drowning

Constable William Joseph Green October 4, 1970 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident

Sergeant Robert James Schrader October 9, 1970 Gunfire

Constable Douglas Bernard Anson October 9, 1970 Gunfire

Sergeant James Aldridge O'Malley October 28, 1970 Drowning

Constable Derek Thomas Ivany June 25, 1971 Automobile accident

Constable Harold Stanley Siegel September 26, 1971 Gunfire

Constable Michael Robert Mason November 26, 1971 Drowning

Constable Roger Emile Pierlet March 29, 1974 Gunfire

Constable Joseph Michel Benoit Létourneau April 2, 1974 Automobile accident

Constable Joseph Henri Clément Tremblay April 2, 1974 Automobile accident

Constable John Terrance Draginda September 29, 1974 Automobile accident

Constable John Brian Baldwinson October 28, 1975 Automobile accident

Constable Dennis Modest Nicklos Shwaykowski April 6, 1977 Thrown off a moving vehicle

Corporal Barry Warren Lidstone January 6, 1978 Gunfire

Constable Joseph Perry Brophy January 6, 1978 Gunfire

Constable Dennis Anthony Onofrey January 23, 1978 Gunfire

Constable William Iraneus Seward February 15, 1978 Automobile accident

Constable Thomas Brian King April 25, 1978 Gunfire

Constable George David Foster September 4, 1978 Aircraft accident

Constable Lindberg Bruce Davis January 8, 1979 Car-train collision

Constable Mark Percy McLachlan February 2, 1979 Automobile accident

Constable Joseph Léon Michel Doucet August 18, 1979 Aircraft accident

Constable Gordon Alfred Brooks November 12, 1979 Drowning

Constable Ningeoseak Etidloi November 12, 1979 Drowning

Constable Roy John William Karwaski May 24, 1980 Internal injuries sustained in an automobile accident

Auxiliary Constable
Auxiliary Constable
Dennis Lenard Fraser June 4, 1980 Automobile accident

Constable Richard John Sedgwick August 16, 1980 Injuries sustained in an Automobile accident

Constable Thomas James Agar September 19, 1980 Gunfire

Corporal Ole Roust Larsen August 11, 1981 Gunfire

Constable James Franklin Thomas August 31, 1981 Automobile accident

Constable Barry Flynn McKinnon December 16, 1981 Automobile accident

Constable Douglas Mark Ambrose Butler October 16, 1982 Automobile accident

Constable Richard Allan Bourgoin August 31, 1983 Murdered

Constable Wayne Graham Myers December 14, 1983 Aircraft accident

Corporal Francis Eugene Jones December 14, 1983 Aircraft accident

Constable Allen Garry Giesbrecht January 13, 1985 Gunfire

Constable Michael Joseph Buday March 19, 1985 Gunfire

Constable Joseph Eddy Mario Tessier December 27, 1985 Gunfire

Constable Wayne Philip Boskill January 8, 1986 Aircraft accident

Constable James Frederick Wilson January 8, 1986 Aircraft accident

Constable Robert William Cochrane Thomas March 6, 1986 Gunfire

Corporal Budd Maurice Johanson April 4, 1986 Automobile accident

Auxiliary Constable
Auxiliary Constable
Frederick Allan Abel April 4, 1986 Automobile accident

Constable Scott Gordon Berry June 29, 1986 Electrocution

Constable Gordon Zigmund Kowalczyk January 26, 1987 Murdered

Corporal Derek John Flanagan February 20, 1989 Injuries sustained while on special duty in Thailand

Constable Della Sonya Beyak March 15, 1989 Automobile accident

Constable Nancy Puttkemery December 9, 1989 Aircraft accident

Constable Norman Timms, C.D. December 9, 1989 Aircraft accident

Constable Gerald Vernon Maurice Breese October 24, 1990 Motorcycle accident

Constable Brian John Hutchinson August 16, 1991 Aneurysm, directly related to injuries sustained from a blow to the head suffered on duty

Constable Christopher Colin Riglar September 28, 1991 Injuries sustained by being struck by a vehicle

Auxiliary Constable
Auxiliary Constable
Joseph Ernest (Sam) Balmer August 29, 1992 Automobile accident

Constable Norman Harry Atkins July 8, 1995 Automobile accident

Constable Joseph Ernest André Claude Gagné September 6, 1995 Automobile accident

Constable Derek Cameron Burkholder June 14, 1996 Gunfire

Constable Joseph Luc François (Frank) Carrière November 30, 1997 Scuba diving
Scuba diving

Corporal Graeme Charles Cumming August 12, 1998 Automobile accident resulting in an automobile fire

Constable Joseph Ernest Jean-Guy Daniel Bourdon May 7, 1999 Automobile accident

Sergeant Edwin Michael Mobley August 15, 2000 Aircraft accident

Constable Timothy James Nicholson August 15, 2000 Aircraft accident

Constable Jurgen Siegfried Seewald March 5, 2001 Gunfire

Constable Peter Magdic November 18, 2001 Automobile accident

Constable Dennis Douglas Strongquill December 21, 2001 Gunfire

Constable Christine Elizabeth Diotte March 12, 2002 Struck by a vehicle

Constable Wael Toufic Audi March 29, 2002 Automobile accident

Constable Jimmy Ng September 15, 2002 Automobile accident

Constable Joseph Léo Ghislain Maurice June 10, 2003 Automobile accident

Corporal James Wilbert Gregson Galloway February 28, 2004 Gunfire

Auxiliary Constable
Auxiliary Constable
Glen Gregory Evely November 13, 2004 Automobile accident

Constable Anthony Fitzgerald Orion Gordon March 3, 2005 Gunfire

Constable Lionide (Leo) Nicholas Johnston March 3, 2005 Gunfire

Constable Brock Warren Myrol March 3, 2005 Gunfire

Constable Peter Christopher Schiemann March 3, 2005 Gunfire

Constable Joseph Martial Maurice Jean Minguy June 3, 2005 Drowning

Constable José Manuel Agostinho July 4, 2005 Internal injuries sustained in an automobile accident

Constable Robin Lynelle Cameron July 15, 2006 Gunfire

Constable Marc Joseph Denis Boudrages July 16, 2006 Gunshot

Constable Christopher John Worden October 6, 2007 Gunshot

Constable Douglas Allen Scott November 7, 2007 Gunshot

Constable James Lloyd Lundblad May 5, 2009 Automobile accident

Constable Chelsey Alice Robinson June 21, 2010 Automobile accident

Sergeant Mark Charles Gallagher January 12, 2010 2010 Haiti earthquake

Chief Superintendent Douglas Edward Coates January 16, 2010 2010 Haiti earthquake

Constable Michael Bernard Potvin July 30, 2010 Drowning

Civilian Member David John Brolin January 17, 2012 Aircraft accident

Constable Derek Henry William Pineo July 20, 2012 Automobile accident

Constable Adrian Johann Oliver November 13, 2012 Automobile accident

Constable Fabrice Georges Gevaudan June 4, 2014 Gunfire

Constable Douglas James Larche June 4, 2014 Gunfire

Constable David Joseph Ross June 4, 2014 Gunfire

Constable David Matthew Wynn January 21, 2015 Gunshot

Constable Sarah Anne Beckett April 5, 2016 Automobile accident caused by another officer's pursuit of an impaired driver.

Constable Richer Dubuc March 6, 2017 Injuries sustained in an automobile accident

Constable Austin MacDougall July 22, 2017 Struck by an automobile while cycling.

Corporal Trevor O'Keefe September 11, 2017 Suicide

Constable Francis Deschenes September 12, 2017 Struck by a vehicle in an automobile accident

See also[edit]

Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the civilian complaints review body Courage in Red, a 13-part documentary about the RCMP Emergency Response Team (RCMP) List of Canadian organizations with royal patronage


^ a b "Royal Canadian Mounted Police
- Badges and Insignia". Rcmp-grc.gc.ca. February 16, 2005. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ a b c "Royal Canadian Mounted Police". Quebec400.gc.ca. February 8, 2008. Archived from the original on July 16, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ "History of the RCMP". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Retrieved 2016-04-14.  ^ " Auxiliary Constable
Auxiliary Constable
Program". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Retrieved 2016-05-05.  ^ "New RCMP National Headquarters Building: The M.J. Nadon Government of Canada
Building". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2016-04-11.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Organization of the RCMP". Rcmp-grc.gc.ca. September 1, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ "Find a detachment". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 2016-05-06. Retrieved 2016-05-07.  ^ a b c d "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register: Quick Search Result for Royal Canadian Mounted Police". Transport Canada. Retrieved 2017-06-18.  ^ "About the RCMP". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. April 26, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2016.  ^ "Trade-marks Act". Laws.justice.gc.ca. May 18, 2010. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ "Inquiry Into Certain Activities of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Royal Commission of," Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved August 26, 2007. ^ p.52 Sendzikas, Aldona Stanley Barracks: Toronto's Military Legacy Dundurn Press Ltd., 01/01/2011 ^ Hewitt, Steve. "Policing the Promised Land: The RCMP and Negative Nation-building in Alberta
and Saskatchewan
in the Interwar Period", The Prairie West as Promised Land ed. R. Douglas Francis and Chris Kitzan (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2007), 318-320. ^ Hewitt, 322 ^ Kelly, Nora and William. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police
- A Century of History 1873-1973. (Edmonton, Hurtig Publishers. 1973) pp 199-200. ^ Reg Whitaker, "Left-Wing Dissent and the State: Canada
in the Cold War Era." In C. E. S. Franks, Dissent and the State, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1988, 195. ISBN 0-19-540742-3 ^ Canada: Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP), Interpol ^ The Royal Collection. "e-Gallery > Exhibitions > Queen & Commonwealth > Gifts > Badge of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police". Queen's Printer. Retrieved July 26, 2009.  ^ PA1 John Masson, "Territorial Teamwork," Coast Guard Magazine 2/2006, pp. 26–27 ^ Canoe.ca News December 25, 2007 Archived December 26, 2007, at Archive.is ^ "RCMP National Division, a renamed A Division, to take on corruption". Maclean's. 2013-06-03. Retrieved 2013-10-25.  ^ a b Famous cases, events and people ^ CBC Archived May 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Gil Aegerter. "Three Canadian Officers Killed in Spray of Gunfire". NBC News.  ^ a b c North-West Mounted Police
North-West Mounted Police
Uniform - Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Rcmp-grc.gc.ca (2011-08-12). Retrieved on 2014-04-12. ^ Ross, David. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police
1873–1987. p. 36. ISBN -0-85045-834-X.  ^ "1990: Sikh
Mounties permitted to wear turbans". CBC Archives. Retrieved 3 February 2017.  ^ RCMP Hats Archived November 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Furbearerdefenders.com. Retrieved on 2013-10-30. ^ "Badges and Insignia". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Retrieved 3 February 2017.  ^ Moore, Dene. (2012-08-16) Female Mounties earn right to wear pants and boots with all formal uniforms. Vancouversun.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-12. ^ "William Elliott sworn in as RCMP commissioner". CBC News. July 16, 2007. Retrieved July 30, 2008. ...the organization's first chief not to have served on a police force.  ^ Andrew Mayada (December 15, 2007). "RCMP commissioner promises sweeping changes". CanWest News Service. Archived from the original on December 17, 2007. Retrieved July 30, 2008. Elliott was appointed the first civilian commissioner in the RCMP's history  ^ Prime Minister announces new Commissioner Designate of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police ^ Vancouver, The (December 7, 2006). "New commissioner for RCMP must restore faith in the famed force". Canada.com. Archived from the original on August 23, 2012. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ PM announces charitable donations on behalf of The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall Archived 2013-04-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ All The Queen's Horses: fourth RCMP steed crosses Atlantic to join Royal Mews[dead link] ^ "Royal Canadian Mounted Police". Archived from the original on October 13, 2007.  ^ heraldist1 ^ "Daily Telegraph, London, 23 May 2012".  ^ " North-West Mounted Police
North-West Mounted Police
and Battleford
memorial: Memorial 47001-047 Battleford, SK". National Inventory of Canadian Military Memorials. Veterans Affairs Canada. Retrieved 5 January 2017.  ^ "Fact Sheet: International Operations Branch" (PDF). Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Retrieved April 28, 2010.  ^ "DEA Afghanistan Unit Receives Prestigious Joint Chiefs of Staff Award". KETK NBC. February 8, 2012. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2017. The ATFC began operations in mid-2009 and is a multi-agency organization led by DEA with the Treasury Department and Department of Defense as co-deputies. Additional personnel staff ATFC from the Department of Defense's CENTCOM, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Internal Revenue Service. In the past, the FBI and RCMP also were members. The ATFC’s purpose is to attack insurgence funding and financing networks by providing threat finance expertise and actionable intelligence to U.S. civilian and military leaders. The RCMP have also participated in United Nations Peacekeeping operations, sending members to participate actively in various U.N. missions from the late 1980's including observer missions in Namibia, policing missions in Haiti and Kosovo, and CIVPOL operations in Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, and Sudan.  ^ rcmp-grc.ca: "RCMP executive" ^ RCMP Executive Archived September 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b "RCMP Police
Dog Service Training Centre". Archived from the original on June 25, 2008.  ^ National Division – RCMP. Rcmp-grc.gc.ca (2013-10-17). Retrieved on 2013-10-30. ^ " Newfoundland
and Labrador".  ^ a b "The RCMP in Quebec".  ^ E Division ^ "RCMP in Saskatchewan".  ^ "Northwest Territories".  ^ "RCMP in Nova Scotia".  ^ "New Brunswick".  ^ "RCMP in Alberta".  ^ "Prince Edward Island".  ^ "RCMP - Yukon
(M Division)". Archived from the original on February 5, 2009.  ^ "RCMP in Ontario".  ^ "Nunavut".  ^ Your Surrey RCMP, Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(last modified March 31, 2016). ^ Canada's second largest RCMP detachment integrates dispatch with E-Comm
Regional communications centre (press release), E-Comm
(October 2, 2013). ^ Renato Gandia, RCMP pays tribute to wives who supported officers posted to smallest detachments, Calgary Sun (April 12, 2013). ^ a b B.C.'s single-officer RCMP detachments to be closed, CBC News (September 28, 2012). ^ Switched on - Blue Line. Blueline.ca. Retrieved on 2013-10-30. ^ Tightened tactics breed dissent in Harper’s security detail. The Globe and Mail (2012-06-23). Retrieved on 2013-10-30. ^ RCMP Reserve Constables in B.C. ^ a b " Auxiliary Constable
Auxiliary Constable
Program".  ^ "News". January 6, 2016.  ^ a b "Community Constable Program (Synopsis)".  ^ a b Surrey RCMP's Community Safety Officer program chopped Archived September 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Community Constables".  ^ "Community-level knowledge sought in new RCMP program".  ^ "Community constables link citizens and police". Thompson Citizen.  ^ a b c "RCMP Reserve Program". Rcmpvetsnb.ca. January 1, 1995. Archived from the original on 2009-06-05. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ RCMP Reserve Constables in B.C. ^ Retired Mounties back in saddle[dead link] ^ Community Safety Officers ^ Enhanced Policing Options—Community Safety Officers[dead link] ^ "New category of RCMP member a first for British Columbia". Bc.rcmp.ca. July 5, 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ Surrey RCMP. "Surrey RCMP - CSO Program".  ^ a b c "Community Safety Officer Pilot Program Evaluation Report".  ^ Aboriginal Community Constable Archived June 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Telecommunications Operators". rcmp-grc.gc.ca. July 30, 2010. Retrieved September 1, 2010.  ^ "Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP¨) / Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP) / Gendarmerie
royale du Canada
(GRC)".  ^ "Land Transport". Rcmp-grc.gc.ca. November 14, 2006. Archived from the original on June 20, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ a b "Marine Services". Rcmp-grc.gc.ca. Archived from the original on June 22, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ Petzal, David E. and Bourjaily, Phil, with Fenson, Brad. The Total Gun Manual (Canadian edition) (San Francisco: WeldonOwen, 2014) Note 44. ^ Petzal and Bourjaily with Fenson, The Total Gun Manual (Canadian edition), Note 45 ^ Petzal and Bourjaily, Phil, with Fenson. The Total Gun Manual (Canadian edition), Note 44 ^ Phillips, Roger F., & Klancher, Donald J. Arms & [sic] Accoutrements of the Mounted Police
1873-1973 (Bloomfield, ON: Museum Restoration Service, 1982), p.24. ^ a b Petzal and Bourjaily with Fenson. The Total Gun Manual (Canadian edition), Note 44 ^ Petzal and Bourjaily with Fenson. The Total Gun Manual (Canadian edition), Note 45 ^ Force's legacy endures, Toronto Star, March 5, 2005 ^ Barr, William Red Serge
Red Serge
and Polar Bear Pants" The Biography of Harry Stallworthy, RCMP University of Alberta
Press 2004 ^ " Newfoundland
music books food videos images arts crafts".  ^ Farnsworth, Clyde H. (February 4, 1995). "For the Mounties, Justice Is Now a Licensing Fee—New York Times". New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ Royal Canadian Mounted Police, "[1]", Retrieved July 28, 2011 ^ CBC Digital Archives "[2]", Retrieved July 28, 2011 ^ Andrew R. Graybill, Policing the Great Plains: Rangers, Mounties, and the North American Frontier, 1875-1910 (University of Nebraska Press, 2007) excerpt and text search ^ RCMP Website and "Haiti Support Hits the Streets"[dead link] ^ Harris, Kathleen. "RCMP could pay up to $100M to female employees who were sexually harassed, abused". CBC News. Retrieved 6 October 2016.  ^ "RCMP Honour Roll". www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ "RCMP constable killed in Lacolle collision remembered at funeral as 'a gentle giant'". Montreal Gazette. 2017-03-19. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 

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