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Roraima
Roraima
(Pemon: roro imã, "parrot mountain" i.e. "Green Peak", Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁoˈɾajmɐ]) is the northernmost and least populated state of Brazil, located in the Amazon region. It borders the states of Amazonas and Pará, as well as the nations of Venezuela
Venezuela
and Guyana. The population is approximately 450,000 (2010) and the capital is Boa Vista. Roraima
Roraima
is the Brazilian state with the fewest municipalities, 15 in total.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Climate

2 History 3 Demographics

3.1 Largest cities

4 Trivial facts 5 Economy 6 Education

6.1 Educational institutions

7 Sports

7.1 Football

8 Infrastructure

8.1 International Airport 8.2 Highways

9 Flag 10 References 11 External links

Geography[edit]

Tepequém, in Roraima.

The climate of Roraima
Roraima
is tropical with an annual mean temperature of 26°C (78.8°F). The state's southern part is located in the Amazon rainforest, while the north has open grassland fields, and there is a small strip of savanna to the east. The state is rich in mineral deposits - especially gold, diamonds, cassiterite, bauxite, marble and copper. Many of these deposits are located in indigenous reserves, and illegal mining has resulted in frequent conflicts with the native population, especially the Yanomami
Yanomami
and the Macuxi and allied groups. The Monte Roraima National Park
Monte Roraima National Park
is located around one of the highest mountains of both Venezuela
Venezuela
(outside of the Andes) and Brazil, and the highest in Guyana, a 2,875 m (9,432 ft) high tepui known as Monte Roraima. Only a small fraction of the mountain is in Brazilian territory, however, and the highest point of the Brazilian part is at 2,734 metres (8,970 ft).[2]

Rio Branco ("White River") in Roraima.

Climate[edit] Except for the higher mountains where the climate is cooler but very wet, Roraima
Roraima
has an equatorial climate. This is a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season – all months have mean precipitation values of at least 60 mm. It is usually found at latitudes within five degrees of the equator – which are dominated by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The equatorial climate is denoted Af in the Köppen climate classification. Tropical rainforest is the natural vegetation in equatorial regions.

History[edit]

Boa Vista, Roraima
Boa Vista, Roraima
in 1924.

Main article: History of Roraima Since the beginnings of the 16th century, the region now considered the state of Roraima
Roraima
was disputed territory, because of its rich mineral reserves. It was sought by the Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and English until the beginning of the last century. But in 1943, together with a section from the state of Amazonas, the Federal Government created the territory of Rio Branco, which became Roraima
Roraima
in 1962. In 1988, Roraima
Roraima
became a state by decision of the National Congress. The name of the state was taken from Mount Roraima, whose name comes from the Pemon
Pemon
words “roroi” (“cyan”) and “ma” (“large”). One of the main archaeological site is the Pedra Pintada, Roraima, with ancient rock art and engravings. Demographics[edit]

Orla Taumanan in Boa Vista, Roraima.

According to the IBGE of 2007, there were 405,000 people residing in the state. The population density was 1.8 inh./km². Urbanization: 80.3% (2004); Population growth: 4.6% (1991–2000); Houses: 97,465 (2005).[3] The latest PNAD (National Household Survey) data reveal the following numbers: 278,000 Brown (Multiracial) people (68.8%), 81,000 White people (20.0%), 29,000 Black people (7.4%), 15,000 Asian or Amerindian people (3.8%).[4] Ethnic groups found in Roraima
Roraima
include: Amerindians, Portuguese, Africans, Spanish, Venezuelans
Venezuelans
and Lebanese. The Brazilian Indian Agency, (FUNAI) estimates the state's indigenous population at 30,715.[5] The largest indigenous groups are the Macuxi (16,500)[6] and the better-known Yanomami
Yanomami
(11,700).[7] Much of the state's indigenous population lives in several large, legally recognized indigenous reserves and a number of smaller ones, totalling 46.13% of the land area of the state.[8] Largest cities[edit]

 

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Largest cities or towns in Roraima (2011 census of Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística)[9]

Rank

Mesoregion Pop. Rank

Mesoregion Pop.

Boa Vista

Rorainópolis 1 Boa Vista [[]] 266901 11 Caroebe [[]] 7569

2 Rorainópolis [[]] 26546 12 Normandia [[]] 7527

3 Caracaraí [[]] 19235 13 Iracema [[]] 6250

4 Alto Alegre [[]] 14205 14 São João da Baliza [[]] 6028

5 Mucajaí [[]] 13188 15 São Luís [[]] 5979

6 Cantá [[]] 11942

7 Bonfim [[]] 10726

8 Pacaraima [[]] 9220

9 Amajari [[]] 8249

10 Uiramutã [[]] 7934

Trivial facts[edit]

Vehicles: 187,209 (August/2015) Mobile phones: 148,000 (April/2007) Telephones: 67,000 (April/2007) Cities: 15 (2015).[10]

Economy[edit] The service sector is the largest component of GDP
GDP
at 87.5%, followed by the industrial sector at 8.7%. Agriculture
Agriculture
represents 3.8%, of GDP (2004). Roraima
Roraima
exports: wood 74%, leather 22.6% (2002). Share of the Brazilian economy: 0.1% (2005). Education[edit]

Federal University of Roraima.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. Educational institutions[edit]

Universidade Federal de Roraima
Universidade Federal de Roraima
(UFRR) (Federal University of Roraima); Universidade Estadual de Roraima (pt) (UERR) (State University of Roraima); Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Roraima (pt) (IFRR); Faculdade de Ciências Humanas, Biológicas e da Saúde (FCHBS); Faculdade de Teologia de Boa Vista (Fatebov); Faculdade Roraimense de Ensino Superior (pt) (Fares); Faculdades Cathedral - Boa Vista (Cathedral-Boa Vista); Faculdade Atual da Amazônia - (FAA)

Sports[edit] See also: Sport in Brazil Football[edit] See also: Football in Brazil, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, and Campeonato_Roraimense_de_Futebol As in the rest of Brazil, football is the most popular sport. The city's major teams are:

Atlético Roraima
Roraima
Clube; Baré Esporte Clube; Grêmio Atlético Sampaio GAS; Náutico Futebol Clube; Associação Esportiva Real; São Raimundo Esporte Clube;

Infrastructure[edit] International Airport[edit] Boa Vista International Airport
Boa Vista International Airport
was opened on February 19, 1973, and underwent its first big remodeling in 1998. The passenger terminal, runway and apron were all enlarged, and a separate taxiway was built. The airport has the capacity to receive 675,000 passengers a year. Highways[edit]

Br-174, Boa Vista-Venezuela.

BR-174; BR-210; BR-431; BR-432; BR-410; RR-171; RR-175; RR-202; RR-203.

Flag[edit] The blue of the flag represents the pure air and the sky of Roraima, the white strip symbolizes peace, and the green to the right represents the forests and fields. The star - symbolizing the state in the national flag of Brazil
Brazil
- is yellow, which symbolizes the mineral resources of the state. The red line in bottom stands for the equator, which cuts through the state. The flag was designed by the artist Mário Barreto, and was adopted by Law No.133 of June 14, 1996. References[edit]

^ "IBGE". Retrieved 12 October 2017.  ^ "IBGE recalculates altitude of Mount Roraima". IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). 2005-07-29. Retrieved 2009-08-30.  ^ Source: PNAD. ^ Síntese de Indicadores Sociais 2007 (PDF) (in Portuguese). Roraima, Brazil: IBGE. 2007. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18.  ^ "Funai". Retrieved 23 May 2015.  ^ http://www.socioambiental.org/pib/epi/verbetinho/comfoto/macuxi.htm ^ http://www.socioambiental.org/pib/epienglish/yanomami/yanomami.shtm. ^ "Notícias socioambientais :: Socioambiental". Retrieved 23 May 2015.  ^ "ESTIMATIVAS DA POPULAÇÃO RESIDENTE NOS MUNICÍPIOS BRASILEIROS COM DATA DE REFERÊNCIA EM 1º DE JULHO DE 2011" (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 30 August 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2011.  ^ Source: IBGE.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutRoraimaat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

(in Portuguese) Official Website (in English) Brazilian Tourism Portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roraima.

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Municipalities of Roraima

Capital: Boa Vista

Boa Vista

Alto Alegre Amajari Boa Vista Pacaraima

Nordeste de Roraima

Bonfim Cantá Normandia Uiramutã

Caracarai

Caracaraí Iracema Mucajaí

Sudeste de Roraima

Caroebe Rorainópolis São João da Baliza São Luiz

v t e

Regions and States of Brazil

North

Acre Amapá Amazonas Pará Rondônia Roraima Tocantins

Northeast

Alagoas Bahia Ceará Maranhão Paraíba Pernambuco Piauí Rio Grande do Norte Sergipe

Center-West

Distrito Federal Goiás Mato Grosso Mato Grosso
Mato Grosso
do Sul

Southeast

Espírito Santo Minas Gerais Rio de Janeiro São Paulo

South

Paraná Rio Grande do Sul Santa Catarina

Fernando de Noronha Rocas Atoll Saint Peter and Saint Paul Trindade and Martim Vaz

v t e

Brazil 

History

Timeline of Brazilian history Indigenous peoples Portuguese Colony (1500–1815) United Kingdom (1815–1822) Empire (1822–1889) Old Republic (1889–1930) Vargas Era
Vargas Era
(1930–1946) Second Republic (1946–1964) Military rule (1964–1985) New Republic (post 1985)

Geography

Amazon basin Climate Coastline Conservation Environment Environmental issues Extreme points Islands Largest cities Mountains Pantanal Protected areas Regions Rivers Water resources Wildlife

Politics

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Economy

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Society

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Culture

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