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RISHTON /ˈrɪʃtən/ is a small town in the Hyndburn
Hyndburn
district of Lancashire
Lancashire
, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Clayton-le-Moors and 4 miles (6 km) north east of Blackburn
Blackburn
. It was an urban district from about 1894 to 1974. The population at the census of 2011 was 6,625.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Governance

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Geology

* 4 Demography * 5 Transport

* 6 Sport

* 6.1 Cricket
Cricket
* 6.2 Sailing * 6.3 Golf

* 7 Culture

* 7.1 Leisure and tourism * 7.2 Churches

* 8 Education * 9 Notable people * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

Rishton
Rishton
was the first place that the cloth calico was woven on an industrial scale. Its name means “village (or farmstead) where rushes grow”.

GOVERNANCE

The two tiers of local government are Hyndburn
Hyndburn
Borough
Borough
Council (a non-metropolitan district with borough status) and Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council . Prior to the creation of Hyndburn
Hyndburn
district in 1974, Rishton had been an urban district , with its own council. It is not within a civil parish . Rishton
Rishton
currently has six elected representatives, all of whom are Labour: Graham Jones MP , two County Councillors (Miles Parkinson and Jenny Molineux) and three Borough
Borough
Councillors (Ken Moss, Clare Cleary and Jeff Scales).

GEOGRAPHY

Rishton
Rishton
is situated in an area of low moorland north east of Blackburn
Blackburn
and north west of Accrington
Accrington
. Its elevation above sea level varies from 250 feet (76 m) in the east, where Norden Brook flows into the River Hyndburn
Hyndburn
, to 785 feet (239 m) on Rishton
Rishton
Height, north west of the town.

GEOLOGY

Around 0.7 miles from the town is a former sandstone quarry, known locally as Star Delph Quarry. Its use as a sandstone quarry ended in 1897. Part of the quarry contains rocks formed around 314 to 315 million years ago in the Carboniferous period
Carboniferous period
, These rocks contain an imprint from where the roots of a Lepidodendron
Lepidodendron
, which are known as Stigmaria . This quarry is a Site of Special Scientific Interest
Site of Special Scientific Interest
, and so it is protected by law with those that damage the site facing fines. The exposed rock layers are Fletcher Bank Grit, this is a subgroup of the Millstone Grit.

DEMOGRAPHY

The 2001 census recorded a population of 7350, in 2,973 households. 97% of the population were in the White British ethnic group.

TRANSPORT

The main road through Rishton
Rishton
is the A678 Blackburn
Blackburn
to Burnley
Burnley
Road; there is also the B6535 (formerly A6064), which connects the town to Great Harwood
Great Harwood
. The Blackburn
Blackburn
Southern Bypass section of the M65 motorway opened in December 1997, bypassing the A678.

In the 19th century, the Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
was a major transport route in the area. The section of the canal through Rishton was completed in 1810. Rishton
Rishton
Reservoir, which provides water to the canal, was built in 1828. The East Lancashire
Lancashire
Railway , which was opened in 1848, crossed the reservoir on a viaduct until 1858; it is now on an embankment .

Rishton railway station , south west of the town centre, is on the East Lancashire
Lancashire
Line . As of 2017, the route is operated by Northern Rail , and consists of one train per hour between Blackpool
Blackpool
South and Colne
Colne
. Bus services are more frequent, and include the Hyndburn Circular routes and Route 152, both operated by Blackburn
Blackburn
Bus Company .

SPORT

CRICKET

Rishton
Rishton
has over the years been famous for its cricket team, based at Rishton
Rishton
Cricket
Cricket
Club . Notable professionals who have played for the club include Viv Richards
Viv Richards
in 1987. Other former professionals include former England
England
coach Duncan Fletcher , Michael Holding (former West Indies international), Aussie fast bowler Jason Gillespie
Jason Gillespie
, former South African cricket captain Allan Donald and Sri Lankan right-handed batsman and right arm offbreak bowler Kumar Dharmasena .

See Rishton
Rishton
Cricket
Cricket
Club

SAILING

Sailing has taken place on Rishton
Rishton
Reservoir since the start of the 20th century. East Lancashire
Lancashire
Sailing Club is based at the reservoir, and is a RYA Recognised Training Centre.

GOLF

Rishton
Rishton
Golf Club is located off Petre Crescent, and is an eleven-hole course.

CULTURE

LEISURE AND TOURISM

The facilities at Cutwood Park, between Blackburn
Blackburn
Road and the reservoir include a football pitch and a children's playground.

CHURCHES

* Rishton
Rishton
Christian Fellowship, Commercial Street. * Rishton
Rishton
Baptist
Baptist
Church, Commercial Street * Rishton
Rishton
Methodist Church, Albert Street * St Charles Borromeo RC Church, St Charles Road * St Peter and St Paul Church (Anglican ), Blackburn
Blackburn
Road * Primitive Methodist Church, School Street * United Methodist Church
United Methodist Church
, Mary Street

EDUCATION

There are three primary schools in Rishton: St. Peter and St. Paul's Church of England
England
Primary School, St. Charles' Roman Catholic Primary School and Rishton
Rishton
Methodist Primary School. There is also one high school: Norden High School and Sports College .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Martin Dobson Burnley
Burnley
and Everton F.C.
Everton F.C.
footballer * Ernest Marsden – assistant to Ernest Rutherford * Brett Ormerod Blackpool
Blackpool
footballer * Hardy Falconer Parsons – winner of the Victoria Cross, * George Tomlinson – Education Minister to Clement Attlee
Clement Attlee
's Government and MP for the Farnworth constituency in Bolton
Bolton
* Christine Walkden – gardener * Mark Felix
Mark Felix
– strongman

SEE ALSO

* Listed buildings in Rishton

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Rishton
Rishton
Built-up area (1119882908)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
. Retrieved 8 February 2018. } * ^ Mills, A.D. (2011) . A Dictionary of British Place Names (First edition revised 2011 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 391. ISBN 9780199609086 . * ^ Simpson, David (2002). Northern roots: who we are, where we came from and why we speak the way we do. Sunderland: Business Education Publishers. ISBN 978-1-901888-35-5 . OCLC
OCLC
59292921 . * ^ "Townships: Rishton, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6". University of London
University of London
& History of Parliament Trust. 1911. pp. 344–348. Retrieved 26 February 2009. * ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Key Figures: Area: Rishton (ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
. Retrieved 31 October 2008. * ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Ethnic Group (KS06): Area: Rishton
Rishton
(ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 31 October 2008. * ^ " Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
New Popular Edition Map: Sheet 095". Ordnance Survey . 1947. * ^ Yeadon, Harry L. (2005). The Motorway Achievement: Building the Network: The North West of England. Chichester
Chichester
: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 978-1-86077-352-5 . * ^ Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster : Carnegie Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2 . OCLC
OCLC
54881773 . * ^ Clarke, Mike. "The Leeds ">(PDF). Hyndburn
Hyndburn
Borough
Borough
Council. * ^ Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster : Carnegie Publishing. pp. 161, 191. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2 . OCLC
OCLC
54881773 . * ^ Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster : Carnegie Publishing. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2 . OCLC
OCLC
54881773 . * ^ " Hyndburn
Hyndburn
Life: Cutwood Park". Hyndburn
Hyndburn
Life. Retrieved 17 June 2008. * ^ A B Watkinson, David (18 June 2007). "Three arrested over church vandalism". Lancashire
Lancashire
telegraph. * ^ stringer, phil. "St Charles Borromeo, Rishton
Rishton
– Roman Catholic". Genuki UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 11 December 2014. * ^ Blackburn
Blackburn
Diocese: WHALLEY Deanery * ^ GENUKI: St Peter and St Paul Church of England, Rishton, Lancashire
Lancashire
genealogy * ^ A B GENUKI: Rishton, Lancashire
Lancashire
genealogy * ^ Ruth follows in George\'s steps

EXTERNAL LINKS

Media

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