RAWTENSTALL (/ˈrɒtənstɔːl/ or locally /ˈrɒʔənstɔːl/ ) is
a town at the centre of the
Rossendale Valley , in
England . It is the seat for the
Rossendale , in which it
is located. The town lies 17.4 miles north of
Manchester , 22 miles
east of Preston and 45 miles south east of the county town of
Lancaster . Nearby towns include
* 1 History
* 2 Governance
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Climate
* 4 Transport
* 5 Education
* 6 Culture and community
* 7 Other
* 8 Notable people
* 9 See also
* 10 References
* 11 External links
Rawtenstall has been given two possible interpretations. The
older is a combination of the
Middle English _routen_ ('to roar or
bellow'), from the
Old Norse _rauta_ and the
Old English stall 'pool
in a river' (Ekwall 1922, 92). The second, more recent one, relates to
Rawtenstall's identification as a cattle farm in 1324 and combines the
Old English _ruh_ 'rough' and _tun-stall_ 'the site of a farm' (Mills
1991, 269), or possibly, 'buildings occupied when cattle were pastured
on high ground' (Mills 1976, 125).
The earliest settlement at
Rawtenstall was probably in the early
medieval period , during the time when it formed part of the Forest of
Rossendale in the
Honour of Clitheroe , and consisted of simple
dwellings for forest servants and animals. More substantial buildings
may have followed in the 15th and 16th centuries with corn and flour
The town entered a major period of growth during the Industrial
Revolution , as new mills were constructed to process cotton . The
climate and weather were conducive to the industry, as was the town's
nearby location to the rapidly developing industrial and mercantile
Manchester , dubbed '
Cottonopolis '. Only a few of these
mills survive today, and none are still operational. During this
period, David Whitehead and his brother became important entrepreneurs
in the town. They built a number of mills, including one of the
earliest mills in the valley, at Lower Mill, and the still existing
Ilex Mill. They also built substantial houses for themselves at Holly
Mount, as well as large numbers of terraced houses for their workers.
The population of
Rawtenstall quadrupled in the first half of the 19th
century and would double again in the second half. Other industries
active in this period included quarrying and small scale coalmining ,
as well as an expanding commercial sector.
As with many small mid-
Lancashire towns, it saw a population decline
in the 20th century, going from 30,000 inhabitants in the 1911 census
to 21,500 in the 1971 census. With the decline of the traditional
manufacturing industries, shoemaking became one of the last survivors.
The firm of H. W. Tricketts, in nearby Waterfoot , had been a major
producer and exporter of footwear across the
British Empire , but
eventually the last shoemaking firms closed as production moved
The coat of arms of the former
A local board was formed for the town in 1874 and the district it
governed was extended to cover parts of the townships of Lower Booths
Rawtenstall itself), Higher Booths, Newchurch and
Haslingden in the
ancient parish of Whalley and Cowpe, Lench, Newhall Hey and Hall Carr
, and part of Tottington (Higher End) in the ancient parish of Bury.
Rawtenstall was incorporated as a municipal borough in
1891 and in 1894 a civil parish was created to match the borders of
the borough. Following the local government reorganisation in 1974
Rawtenstall became part of the
Rawtenstall is part of the
Darwen constituency , after
the constituency of
Rossendale was abolished in 1983. The constituency
Member of Parliament to the House of Commons . As of May
Lancashire County Council and the local council, Rossendale
Borough Council , are controlled by the Labour Party .
Jake Berry MP has been the
Member of Parliament for
Darwen since 2010.
Its neighbouring communities in the valley are
Ramsbottom . The area is bounded to the north by
Whitewell Bottom, to the east by Waterfoot and
Cowpe and to the south
by Townsend Fold and Horncliffe. The
River Irwell passes through the
town on the first part of its route between
Over recent years the area has become increasingly popular with
visitors, attracted by historic buildings, dramatic landscapes and
fine walking country.
Like most of the United Kingdom,
Rawtenstall has an oceanic climate .
CLIMATE DATA FOR RAWTENSTALL
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Rawtenstall bus station, September 2008
The town is served locally by Rosso , with a large bus station close
to the centre, as well as frequent express services X43 to
Manchester run by Transdev in
Burnley "> Cricket at
Rawtenstall Cricket Club 's
Bacup Road ground
It is also home to the traditional herbalist and temperance bar
Fitzpatrick's Herbal Health, which claims to be the oldest brewer of
sarsaparilla and dandelion and burdock in the country. Fitzpatrick's
gained television acclaim in April 2005 when managers Gareth Hawden
and Chris Law won the Famous Sarsaparilla Taste-off on ITV . It is the
last bar of its kind in England.
Famous fashion boutique Sunday Best is situated on Bank Street.
Sunday Best won the
Daily Telegraph magazine's best shop in Britain
award for women's fashion in 2011 whilst Roland's Florist on Bacup
Road was runner up in the best florist category. The awards were
judged by TV shopping guru
Mary Portas .
Rawtenstall Cricket Club , who compete in the
Lancashire League ,
have their home ground,
Worswick Memorial Ground within the town.
Police facilities in
Rawtenstall were one of five sites used for the
training of new recruits to the
Lancashire Constabulary . In late
2011, due to funding cuts,
Rawtenstall Police Station, along with
various other stations in the area, closed down.
Rawtenstall is also
the location of the area's county and magistrates\' courts .
Whitaker Park is located on the outskirts of the town centre, and
consists of the former house of the mill owner George Hardman, set in
extensive landscaped grounds. Donated to the township in the early
20th century for the purposes of civic recreation, the house now
contains the Whitaker which is Rossendale's Museum and Art Gallery,
whilst the gardens and surrounding land are laid out as a public park.
The museum contains exhibits of local history, or displays of the
house as it was originally. Part of it houses an extensive exhibition
of taxidermy , whilst other areas are used to display contemporary
art. The park itself has tennis courts , a bowling green , basketball
court, a skateboard area and a playground as well as formal gardens
The now demolished Valley Centre in
Rawtenstall was featured in the television programme _Who Do You
Think You Are? _ which was aired on
BBC2 at 9.00pm on 2 February 2006.
The subject, actress
Jane Horrocks , was born in
Rawtenstall in 1964.
Irwell Sculpture Trail also runs through the town, where four of
the sculptures are located; the Whispering Wall, the Gateway, the
Willow Tree and the Bocholt Tree. The last, by sculptor Bernard
Tindall, celebrates Rossendale's twinning links with the town of
Bocholt, Germany . The _Shoe Trail_ also hits the outskirts of the
town, and goes through nearly places such as Whitaker Park.
Rawtenstall's shopping centre had become deserted and boarded-up, and
after 2003 various proposals were put forward regarding reconstruction
or refurbishment. An agreement between
Rossendale Council and the
owners of the
Rawtenstall centre, Ashcap, in February 2011, was said
Rawtenstall town centre". In late 2011 the shopping
centre was demolished, creating a new town square area, where local
markets and other events are infrequently held.
funded the demolition using money set aside for a public pool in
neighbouring town Haslingden. This move was slammed by critics and the
In 1993 the first professional beauty salon in
Rawtenstall opened in
Ormerod Street and still trades today as Polished Beauty Clinic.
Further information: Category:People from
Elizabeth Bainbridge - opera singer
Ernest Tomlinson - composer
Jane Horrocks - actress
Jennie McAlpine - actress
Lee Cartwright - footballer
Winston Place -
England Test match cricketer
Phil Lester -
YouTuber , author and
BBC Radio 1 presenter
* Thomas Hamer , Parasport swimmer
The historian and antiquarian
George Ormerod lived in
a brief period in 1808.
Listed buildings in Rawtenstall
* ^ _A_ _B_ "The Parish of Whalley: Lower Booths", _A History of
the County of Lancaster_, 6, 1911, pp. 435–436
* ^ "
Rawtenstall CP through time". _visionofbritain.org.uk_. GB
Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
* ^ "Scunthorpe historic weather averages in the United Kingdom".
Intellicast. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
* ^ Gould, Peter (2008). "
Haslingden Corporation Transport". _Peter
Gould: Local Transport History_. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
* ^ "Profile: A century of service in Rossendale". _Bus and Coach.
com_. Plum Publishing Limited. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
* ^ Magill, Peter (4 December 2007). "
Lidl plan for
Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
* ^ "Welcome to the Library and Information Service web site -
History of Rawtenstall".
Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 26
* ^ "
Rawtenstall Market boss defiant after arson attack".
Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "
Rossendale shuts for the final time". Rossendale
* ^ Pike, Stuart (22 July 2011). "