Ramsbottom is a market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury,
Greater Manchester, England. The population at the 2011 census was
17,872. Historically in Lancashire, it is on the
River Irwell in
the West Pennine Moors, 3.9 miles (6.3 km) north-northwest
of Bury, and 12 miles (19 km) north-northwest of Manchester.
Its name is believed to derive from
Old English ramm and botm, meaning
"valley of the ram". Its Victorian architecture, Pennine landscape and
industrial heritage, including the East
Lancashire Railway, contribute
to heritage tourism in the town.
1.2 Early history
1.3 Industrial Revolution
9 Culture and community
11 See also
13 External links
The name either means "ram's valley" from the
Old English ramm, a ram
and botm, a valley but could mean a wild-garlic-valley, with the first
element representing the
Old English hramsa meaning "wild garlic".
A record from 1324 recording the name as'Ramesbothum is
inconclusive. The town was alternatively recorded as Ramysbothom in
Evidence of prehistoric human activity has been discovered in the
hills surrounding the town. Early records show that in Norman times
Ramsbottom was part of the Forest of Rossendale. There are a number of
Bronze Age burial sites around the town, the most notable of which is
Whitelow Cairn, one mile (1.6 km) southeast of the town
centre and three miles (4.8 km) north of Bury. The cairn was
Bury Archaeological Group between 1960–62, under the
leadership of Norman Tyson. Finds include one main and seven
secondary cremations, four in urns, dating to the mid Bronze Age.
Artefacts found during the excavation are housed in
Anglo-Saxons who gave
Ramsbottom its name progressively
felled the woodland during the Middle Ages.
Ramsbottom became an area
of scattered woods, farmsteads, moorland and swamp with a small
community of families until the late 18th century.
Ramsbottom developed during the 19th century as a manufacturing and
mill town on the road from
Haslingden by the River Irwell, its
suburbs stretched south to Hazelhurst and north to Stubbins. Mills
were built for spinning, weaving and printing. Square Mill was in its
day innovative in combining many such processes under one roof.
With a readily available source of water power, Sir Robert Peel
purchased land in
Ramsbottom in the late 18th century to commence a
major manufacturing career. It is this exchange that effectively
Ramsbottom as a homogeneous settlement; the factory system,
Industrial Revolution facilitated a process of unplanned
urbanisation in the area, contributing to it becoming an important and
populous mill town.
The Grant Arms Hotel in Market Place was the home of William and
Daniel Grant, 19th century industrialists closely associated with the
rise of the town and reputed to be the inspiration for the Cheeryble
brothers in Nicholas Nickleby by Charles Dickens. The Grants'
employees were paid in tokens that had to be redeemed at a public
house owned by the company. The landlord converted the tokens into
cash, but only after deducting threepence per person, which had to be
spent on beer, a variation on the truck system.
A network of roads and railways routed through
Ramsbottom allowed for
a series of diverse industries, including calico-printing, cotton
spinning, machine-making, rope-making and iron and brass founding.
Imports of foreign goods during the mid-20th century precipitated the
decline of these sectors.
Ramsbottom was an area in the township of Lower
Tottington, in the parish of Bury, and Salford hundred in
Lancashire. It was part of the
Poor Law Union
Poor Law Union formed in
February 1837, overseen by a Board of 25 Guardians including three
from Tottington Lower End using the old workhouses at Bury, Radcliffe,
Pilkington and Heywood until a new workhouse at Jericho opened in
1857. In 1864 the
Ramsbottom Local Board of Health was formed for
Ramsbottom area in Tottington Lower End township. In 1883 parts of
Elton, Tottington Higher End and Walmersley with Shuttleworth
townships were added to the area of the Local Board. In 1894 the area
of the Local Board became
Ramsbottom Urban District. Parts of Bury
Borough and Walmersley with Shuttleworth civil parish were added to
the urban district in 1933. The urban district was dissolved in 1974
and the Central, East, South and West wards were included in Bury
Metropolitan Borough and the remainder in the
Rossendale District of
Ramsbottom is part of the
Bury North constituency which was created in
1983 from parts of the former seats of the former
Rossendale and Bury
and Radcliffe constituencies.
Ramsbottom lies amongst the South Pennines
Ramsbottom parish formed in 1844 was a mile and a quarter in
length and about three-quarters of a mile in width in the Lower
Tottington township in the valley of the
River Irwell that extends
Bury to Rossendale. It is bounded to the south by Holcombe
Brook and Summerseat; to the north by Edenfield, Irwell Vale, Stubbins
and the hamlets of Chatterton and Strongstry; to the west by Holcombe
and to the east by Shuttleworth and Turn Village.
The area is characterised by its position on the south side of the
West Pennine Moors. The high ground rises sharply on either side of
the town with Holcombe Moor, Harcles Hill and Bull Hill to the west
and Top O' Th' Hoof, Harden Moor,
Scout Moor and Whittle Hill to the
Neighbouring towns, villages and places.
Turn Village, Scout Moor
Holcombe Moor, Edgworth
Bury & Manchester
LMS 'Jinty' 0-6-0T No. 47324 at
Ramsbottom railway station
The railway arrived in
Ramsbottom in 1846 when the Manchester, Bury
Rossendale Railway Company built the railway from
Bury to a
junction with the
Bolton Railway and extended the line
Rawtenstall and opened a railway station in the town
centre. The line between
Rawtenstall remained open to
passengers until 1972 and for goods until 1980. This line is used by
Lancashire Railway, a modern heritage railway which opened in
The district straddles the A676, A56 and B6214 roads with its centre 4
miles (6.4 km) north of Bury, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of
Rawtenstall and 6 miles (9.7 km) north east of Bolton. The M66
motorway runs to the east of the town, linking it north to the M65
motorway and south to the
M62 motorway and the
Manchester Outer Ring
Peel Monument looking south towards Bury
The skyline is dominated by the
Peel Monument which stands on Holcombe
Moor, a memorial to Sir Robert Peel, the 19th century British Prime
Minister and creator of the modern British police force. The tower
stands 128 feet (39.0 m) tall on Holcombe Moor. There are
views over West Yorkshire, North Lancashire, Greater Manchester, North
Wales and the
Lancashire Plain. From the top of the tower it is
possible to see
Blackpool Tower on a clear day.
Edward Allington's sculpture "Tilted Vase" in the centre of Ramsbottom
Ramsbottom is on the path of the Irwell Sculpture Trail. The "Tilted
Vase" by Edward Allington, a sculpture both classical in shape to
reflect the surrounding buildings but apparently bolted together to
reflect the old industries, is located in Market Place. This piece of
work, weighing around two tons and locally known as "the Urn" or
"Urnie", was funded with £250,000 of National Lottery money.
Nuttall Park is a large park with facilities for bowls, tennis,
football and public events. The park hosts regular fun fairs and
family events, and is a popular attraction with locals and tourists
In 1841, cotton mill owners, the Ashtons built a day school in Crow
Lane which was used as a Sunday school and for church services.
Edenfield CE Primary,
Stubbins Community Primary, St Joseph's RC
Primary, St Andrew's CE Primary, Hazelhurst County Primary, Emmanuel
Holcombe CE Primary,
Holcombe Brook Community Primary, Summerseat
Methodist Primary, Peel Brow Primary
Rossendale School founded in 1989 is a specialist residential and day
school for children aged eight to 16 with behavioural, emotional and
Woodhey High School
Darul Uloom Islamic College
St Andrew's Church, the oldest church in Ramsbottom, was built by the
Grant family in 1834 as a
Scottish Presbyterian Church. In the 1860s a
member of the Grant family deprived the congregation of its church and
in 1869 offered the building to the Bishop of
Manchester as an
Anglican church. It became a mission church for St Paul's until 1875
when it was consecrated as the Parish Church of St Andrew. In 1993 the
church was refurbished and re-ordered and dedicated in 1994. The
Ashton brothers donated farm land as site for St Paul's Church which
cost £3,400. It was consecrated in 1850. The Anglican Churches in
Ramsbottom are part of the
Edenfield Team Ministry
 comprising Christ Church
Methodist Church, Dundee United
Reformed Church, Greenmount United Reformed Church, Ramsbottom
Ramsbottom Evangelical Church, St Andrew's CE
Church, St Joseph's
Roman Catholic Church, St Paul's CE Church and
Darul Uloom Islamic College.
St. Paul's CE Church
St. Andrew's CE Church
St. Joseph's RC Church
Dundee United Reformed Church
Ramsbottom Pentecostal Church
Ramsbottom Cricket Club plays in the
Lancashire League. The team has
included professional players such as
Seymour Nurse (West Indies),
Chris Harris (New Zealand),
Brad Hodge (Australia and
Ian Harvey (Australia and currently Derbyshire CCC), Ian Chappell
(Australia) and Michael Clarke (Australia Captain) Its ground, close
Ramsbottom railway station, has a reputation as being one of the
best and most picturesque in the North West of England.
Ramsbottom United F.C.
Ramsbottom United F.C. play in the Northern Premier League Division
One North (level 8 in the Football League System). They were crowned
champions of the North West Counties League at the end of the 2011-12
season. The club's home games are played at its floodlit pitch, the
Riverside Ground which has a capacity of 2,000, adjacent to the
Culture and community
Hundreds of people climb Holcombe Hill on Good Friday. A
smaller gathering keeps alive the tradition of egg rolling before the
start of the climb. Large gatherings on the hill are visible from
miles away, and occasionally attract unorthodox religious preachers.
In recent years the celebrations have become more secular, with the
public house at the bottom of Holcombe Hill attracting as many as
3,000 visitors leading to complaints from residents and restrictions
being imposed by the council.
Gamecock Show, an exhibition of game fowl is held in the town
on New Year's Day. The show was held at The Old Dun Horse from 1843
until it closed in 2010 and has since been hosted by the Ramsbottom
branch of the Royal British Legion. This competitive show replaced
the annual cockfight that took place in the town square after the New
Year Holcome Hunt. The exhibition, organised by the Holcombe Old
Fowl Club, is said to be the oldest gamecock show in the
Summerseat Players, a registered charity run entirely
not-for-profit, puts on five performances in each season, and
performances by local schools and dance groups, and the company's
youth theatre groups. The amateur dramatic group was formed in 1968,
and performed at St Winifred's Church Hall in Summerseat. In 1990,
with donations and loans from members and enthusiasts, the company
purchased the Theatre Royal on Smithy Street in Ramsbottom.
Ramsbottom hosts an annual rhythm & blues festival. The now
defunct pub the Corner Pin, was where the band Elbow played their
first gig. The
Ramsbottom Recorded Music Society was formed in
1967 to promote an interest and appreciation of music and meets
bi-weekly on Thursday evenings at Christ Church Neighbourhood Centre.
Ramsbottom has three supermarkets: Aldi, which opened in 2009, Tesco
Metro, which opened in 2007 (previously Kwik Save, which originally
opened in 1988), and
Morrisons (previously Co-Op, which originally
opened in 2001), which also opened in 2009.
The Black Pudding Throwing World Championships are held annually at
the Royal Oak (now the Oaks) pub on Bridge Street. Participants have
to toss black puddings in an attempt to dislodge a stack of Yorkshire
puddings on plinths on two levels (one for children, the other for
adults). The winner is the one who dislodges most Yorkshire puddings
in three attempts.
The area is covered by the
Lancashire Telegraph and
Rossendale Free Press newspapers. News and sport in the area are
covered by BBC Radio
Lancashire and BBC Radio
Manchester and by
Rossendale Radio, a community radio station until it ceased broadcasts
in March 2012. For free to air television the area is within the BBC
North West and
ITV Granada regions.
In 2015 the first podcast for
Ramsbottom (This is Rammy) launched
which went on to win the award for UK Best Places and Travel in the
very first UK Podcasters Awards that took place in The Midland Hotel,
Manchester. This is an annual awards ceremony voted for by the
listeners and community behind each podcast.
Greater Manchester portal
List of people from Bury
Trolleybuses in Ramsbottom
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^ Mills 1976, p. 124.
^ Roome, A: Dictionary of Place-Names Bloomsbury (1988)
^ Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, The Names of Towns and Cities in
Britain, p. 157.
^ "Whitelow Hill investigation history". Pastscape.org.uk. Archived
from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2008.
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History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, British History Online,
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Times. Archived from the original on 20 July 2007. Retrieved 5 May
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of England, British History Online, pp. 633–638, retrieved 19
^ Workhouse, Workhouses.org, retrieved 19 September
2010 [permanent dead link]
Greater Manchester Gazetteer,
Greater Manchester County Record
Office, archived from the original on 18 July 2011
Bury Council reference to Peel Tower, Holcombe Moor Archived 1 March
2010 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Tilted vase sees light of day".
Lancashire Evening Telegraph. This
is Lancashire. 6 August 1998. Retrieved 16 January
2008. [permanent dead link]
^ a b St Paul,
Edenfield Team Ministry, retrieved 20
September 2010 [permanent dead link]
Rossendale School, ISBI.
^ St Andrew,
Edenfield Team Ministry, retrieved 20
September 2010 [permanent dead link]
^ Team ministry,
Edenfield Team Ministry, retrieved 20
September 2010 [permanent dead link]
^ "Cricketer of the Year 1967: Seymour Nurse". Wisden Cricketers'
Almanack. John Wisden & Co. 1967. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
^ Woodcock, Thomas (1952). Haslingden: A Topographical History,. 4.
^ Easter Traditions Archived 24 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
Bury Council Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Britton, Paul (18 April 2010). "Bird show saved from extinction".
Manchester Evening News. Manchester. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
^ "Plenty to crow about".
Bolton Evening News. Newsquest Media Group.
4 January 2000. Retrieved 21 April 2008. [permanent dead link]
^ "Ode was a hit at Beulah".
Rossendale Free Press. M.E.N. Media. 13
January 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
Summerseat Players Archived 9 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Grimshaw, Jane (16 September 2009). "The Big Interview: Guy Garvey".
Liverpool Confidential. Liverpool Confidential. Retrieved 25 September
^ Benjamin, Tui (9 September 2013). "Hundreds flock to World Black
Pudding Throwing Championships in Ramsbottom". The
Bolton News. The
Bolton News. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
Aspin, Chris (1995), The First industrial Society: Lancashire
1750–1850, Carnegie Publishing, ISBN 1-85936-016-5
Mills, David (1976), The Placenames of Lancashire, Batsford,
ISBN 0 7134 5236 6
Nicolaisen, W. F. H.; Gelling, M.; Richards, M. (1970), The Names of
Towns and Cities in Britain, B. T. Batsford,
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ramsbottom.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ramsbottom.
Ramsbottom Heritage Society
Churches Together in Ramsbottom
Official Homepage of the World Black Pudding Throwing Championships
This is Rammy Podcast
Ramsbottom Model Railway Club
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