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Rajput
Rajput
(from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
raja-putra, "son of a king") is a caste from the Indian subcontinent. The term Rajput
Rajput
covers various patrilineal clans historically associated with warriorhood: several clans claim Rajput status, although not all claims are universally accepted. The term "Rajput" acquired its present meaning only in the 16th century, although it is also anachronistically used to describe the earlier lineages that emerged in northern India from 6th century onwards. In the 11th century, the term "rajaputra" appeared as a non-hereditary designation for royal officials. Gradually, the Rajputs emerged as a social class comprising people from a variety of ethnic and geographical backgrounds. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the membership of this class became largely hereditary, although new claims to Rajput
Rajput
status continued to be made in the later centuries. Several Rajput-ruled kingdoms played a significant role in many regions of central and northern India until the 20th century. The Rajput
Rajput
population and the former Rajput
Rajput
states are found in north, west and central India. These areas include Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. In Pakistan
Pakistan
they are found on the eastern parts of the country, Punjab
Punjab
and Sindh.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 Emergence as a community 1.3 Rajput
Rajput
kingdoms 1.4 Mughal period

1.4.1 Akbar's policy ( Akbar
Akbar
- Shah Jahan) 1.4.2 Aurangzeb's policy

1.5 British colonial period 1.6 Independent India

2 Subdivisions 3 Culture and ethos

3.1 Rajput
Rajput
lifestyle 3.2 Rajput
Rajput
diet 3.3 Rajput
Rajput
politics 3.4 Arts

4 See also 5 References

5.1 Bibliography

6 External links

History Origins The origin of the Rajputs has been a much-debated topic among the historians. Colonial-era writers characterised them as descendants of the foreign invaders such as the Scythians
Scythians
or the Hunas, and believed that the Agnikula myth was invented to conceal their foreign origin.[6] According to this theory, the Rajputs originated when these invaders were assimilated into the Kshatriya
Kshatriya
category during the 6th or 7th century, following the collapse of the Gupta Empire.[7][8] While many of these colonial writers propagated this foreign-origin theory in order to legitimise the colonial rule, the theory was also supported by some Indian scholars, such as D. R. Bhandarkar.[6] The Indian nationalist historians, such as C. V. Vaidya, believed the Rajputs to be descendants of the ancient Vedic Aryan
Vedic Aryan
Kshatriyas.[9] A third group of historians, which includes Jai Narayan Asopa, theorized that the Rajputs were Brahmins who became rulers.[10] However, recent research suggests that the Rajputs came from a variety of ethnic and geographical backgrounds.[11] The root word "rajaputra" (literally "son of a king") first appears as a designation for royal officials in the 11th century Sanskrit
Sanskrit
inscriptions. According to some scholars, it was reserved for the immediate relatives of a king; others believe that it was used by a larger group of high-ranking men.[12] Over time, the derivative term "Rajput" came to denote a hereditary political status, which was not necessarily very high: the term could denote a wide range of rank-holders, from an actual son of a king to the lowest-ranked landholder.[13] Before the 15th century, the term "Rajput" was associated with people of mixed-caste origin, and was therefore considered inferior in rank to "Kshatriya".[14] Gradually, the term Rajput
Rajput
came to denote a social class, which was formed when the various tribal and nomadic groups became landed aristocrats, and transformed into the ruling class.[15] These groups assumed the title "Rajput" as part of their claim to higher social positions and ranks.[16] The early medieval literature suggests that this newly formed Rajput
Rajput
class comprised people from multiple castes.[17] Thus, the Rajput
Rajput
identity is not the result of a shared ancestry. Rather, it emerged when different social groups of medieval India sought to legitimize their newly acquired political power by claiming Kshatriya
Kshatriya
status. These groups started identifying as Rajput at different times, in different ways.[18] Emergence as a community

Chandramahal in City Palace, Jaipur, built by Kachwaha
Kachwaha
Rajputs

Scholarly opinions differ on when the term Rajput
Rajput
acquired hereditary connotations and came to denote a clan-based community. Historian Brajadulal Chattopadhyaya, based on his analysis of inscriptions (primarily from Rajasthan), believed that by the 12th century, the term "rajaputra" was associated with fortified settlements, kin-based landholding, and other features that later became indicative of the Rajput
Rajput
status.[12] According to Chattopadhyaya, the title acquired "an element of heredity" from c. 1300.[19] A later study by of 11th-14th century inscriptions from western and central India, by Michael B. Bednar, concludes that the designations such as "rajaputra", "thakkura" and "rauta" were not necessarily hereditary during this period.[19] During its formative stages, the Rajput
Rajput
class was quite assimilative and absorbed people from a wide range of lineages.[15] However, by the late 16th century, it had become genealogically rigid, based on the ideas of blood purity.[20] The membership of the Rajput
Rajput
class was now largely inherited rather than acquired through military achievements.[19] A major factor behind this development was the consolidation of the Mughal Empire, whose rulers had great interest in genealogy. As the various Rajput
Rajput
chiefs became Mughal feduatories, they no longer engaged in major conflicts with each other. This decreased the possibility of achieving prestige through military action, and made hereditary prestige more important.[21] The word "Rajput" thus acquired its present-day meaning in the 16th century.[22][23] During 16th and 17th centuries, the Rajput
Rajput
rulers and their bards (charans) sought to legitimize the Rajput
Rajput
socio-political status on the basis of descent and kinship.[24] They fabricated genealogies linking the Rajput
Rajput
families to the ancient dynasties, and associated them with myths of origins that established their Kshatriya status.[19][25] This led to the emergence of what Indologist Dirk Kolff calls the " Rajput
Rajput
Great Tradition", which accepted only hereditary claims to the Rajput
Rajput
identity, and fostered a notion of eliteness and exclusivity.[26] The legendary epic poem Prithviraj Raso, which depicts warriors from several different Rajput clans as associates of Prithviraj Chauhan, fostered a sense of unity among these clans.[27] The text thus contributed to the consolidation of the Rajput
Rajput
identity by offering these clans a shared history.[12] Despite these developments, migrant soldiers made new claims to the Rajput
Rajput
status until as late as the 19th century.[20] In the 19th century, the colonial administrators of India re-imagined the Rajputs as similar to the Anglo-Saxon knights. They compiled the Rajput genealogies in the process of settling land disputes, surveying castes and tribes, and writing history. These genealogies became the basis of distinguishing between the "genuine" and the "spurious" Rajput clans.[28] Rajput
Rajput
kingdoms

During their centuries-long rule, the Rajputs constructed several palaces. Shown here is the Junagarh Fort
Junagarh Fort
in Bikaner, Rajasthan, which was built by the Rathore Rajputs.

Amarkot Fort built by Rana Amar Singh in present-day Sindh, Pakistan

The Rajput
Rajput
kingdoms were disparate: loyalty to a clan was more important than allegiance to the wider Rajput
Rajput
social grouping, meaning that one clan would fight another. This and the internecine jostling for position that took place when a clan leader (raja) died meant that Rajput
Rajput
politics were fluid and prevented the formation of a coherent Rajput
Rajput
empire.[29] The first major Rajput
Rajput
kingdom was the Sisodia-ruled kingdom of Mewar.[11] However, the term "Rajput" has also been used as an anachronistic designation for the earlier Hindu
Hindu
dynasties that succeeded the Gurjara-Pratiharas, such as the Chahamanas (of Shakambhari, Nadol and Jalor), the Tomaras, the Chaulukyas, the Paramaras, the Gahadavalas, and the Chandelas.[30][31] These dynasties confronted the Ghaznavid
Ghaznavid
and Ghurid
Ghurid
invaders during the 11th and 12th centuries. Although the Rajput
Rajput
identity did not exist at this time, these lineages were classified as aristocratic Rajput clans in the later times.[32]

Chittor Fort, built by a dynasty of Sisodia
Sisodia
Rajputs, is one of the largest forts in India.

In the 15th century, the Muslim sultans of Malwa
Malwa
and Gujarat
Gujarat
put a joint effort to overcome the Mewar
Mewar
ruler Rana Kumbha
Rana Kumbha
but both the sultans were defeated.[33] Subsequently, in 1518 the Rajput
Rajput
Mewar Kingdom under Rana Sanga
Rana Sanga
achieved a major victory over Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi of Delhi Sultanate and afterwards Rana's influence extended up to the striking distance of Pilia Khar in Agra.[34][35] Accordingly, Rana Sanga
Rana Sanga
came to be the most distinguished indigenous contender for supremacy but was defeated by the Mughal invader Babur
Babur
at Battle of Khanwa in 1527.[36] From as early as the 16th century, Purbiya Rajput
Rajput
soldiers from the eastern regions of Bihar
Bihar
and Awadh, were recruited as mercenaries for Rajputs in the west, particularly in the Malwa
Malwa
region.[37] Mughal period Akbar's policy ( Akbar
Akbar
- Shah Jahan) After the mid-16th century, many Rajput
Rajput
rulers formed close relationships with the Mughal emperors and served them in different capacities.[38][39] It was due to the support of the Rajputs that Akbar
Akbar
was able to lay the foundations of the Mughal empire in India.[40] Some Rajput
Rajput
nobles gave away their daughters in marriage to Mughal emperors and princes for political motives.[41][42][43][44] For example, Akbar
Akbar
accomplished 40 marriages for him, his sons and grandsons, out of which 17 were Rajput-Mughal alliances.[45] Akbar's successors as Mogul emperors, his son Jahangir
Jahangir
and grandson Shah Jahan had Rajput
Rajput
mothers.[46] The ruling Sisodia
Sisodia
Rajput
Rajput
family of Mewar
Mewar
made it a point of honour not to engage in matrimonial relationships with Mughals and thus claimed to stand apart from those Rajput clans who did so.[47] Aurangzeb's policy Akbar's diplomatic policy regarding the Rajputs was later damaged by the intolerant rules introduced by his great-grandson Aurangzeb. A prominent example of these rules included the re-imposition of Jaziya, which had been abolished by Akbar.[40] However,despite imposition of Jaziya
Jaziya
Aurangzeb's army had a high proportion of Rajput
Rajput
officers in the upper ranks of the imperial army and they were all exempted from paying Jaziya[48] The Rajputs then revolted against the Mughal empire. Aurangzeb's conflicts with the Rajputs, which commenced in the early 1680s, henceforth became a contributing factor towards the downfall of the Mughal empire.[49][40] In the 18th century, the Rajputs came under influence of the Maratha empire.[49][50][51] By the late 18th century, the Rajput
Rajput
rulers begin negotiations with the East India Company
East India Company
and by 1818 all the Rajput states had formed an alliance with the company.[52] British colonial period

Mayo College
Mayo College
was established by the British government in 1875 at Ajmer, Rajputana
Rajputana
to educate Rajput
Rajput
princes and other nobles.

The medieval bardic chronicles (kavya and masnavi) glorified the Rajput
Rajput
past, presenting warriorhood and honour as Rajput
Rajput
ideals. This later became the basis of the British reconstruction of the Rajput history and the nationalist interpretations of Rajputs' struggles with the Muslim invaders.[53] James Tod, a British colonial official, was impressed by the military qualities of the Rajputs but is today considered to have been unusually enamoured of them. Although the group venerate him to this day, he is viewed by many historians since the late nineteenth century as being a not particularly reliable commentator.[54][55] Jason Freitag, his only significant biographer, has said that Tod is "manifestly biased".[56]

The Derawar Fort
Derawar Fort
built by a Hindu
Hindu
dynasty of Bhatti
Bhatti
Rajputs,[57] in modern-day Bahawalpur, Pakistan

The Rajput
Rajput
practices of female infanticide and sati (widow immolation) were other matters of concern to the British. It was believed that the Rajputs were the primary adherents to these practices, which the British Raj
British Raj
considered savage and which provided the initial impetus for British ethnographic studies of the subcontinent that eventually manifested itself as a much wider exercise in social engineering.[58] In reference to the role of the Rajput
Rajput
soldiers serving under the British banner, Captain A. H. Bingley wrote:

Rajputs have served in our ranks from Plassey to the present day (1899). They have taken part in almost every campaign undertaken by the Indian armies. Under Forde they defeated the French at Condore. Under Monro at Buxar they routed the forces of the Nawab of Oudh. Under Lake they took part in the brilliant series of victories which destroyed the power of the Marathas.[59]

Independent India On India's independence in 1947, the princely states, including those of the Rajput, were given three choices: join either India or Pakistan, or remain independent. Rajput
Rajput
rulers of the 22 princely states of Rajputana
Rajputana
acceded to newly independent India, amalgamated into the new state of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
in 1949–1950.[60] Initially the maharajas were granted funding from the Privy purse in exchange for their acquiescence, but a series of land reforms over the following decades weakened their power, and their privy purse was cut off during Indira Gandhi's administration under the 1971 Constitution 26th Amendment Act. The estates, treasures, and practices of the old Rajput rulers now form a key part of Rajasthan's tourist trade and cultural memory.[61] In 1951, the Rajput
Rajput
Rana dynasty
Rana dynasty
of Nepal came to an end, having been the power behind the throne of the Shah dynasty
Shah dynasty
figureheads since 1846.[62] The Rajput
Rajput
Dogra dynasty
Dogra dynasty
of Kashmir and Jammu also came to an end in 1947.[63] though title was retained until monarchy was abolished in 1971 by the 26th amendment to the Constitution of India.[64] The Rajputs are today considered to be a Forward Caste
Caste
in India's system of positive discrimination. This means that they receive no special treatment by government bodies because forward castes are considered to be inherently privileged groups. [65] However, some Rajputs too like other agricultural castes demand reservations in Government jobs, which so far is not heeded to by the Government of India.[66][67][68][69] Subdivisions Main article: Rajput
Rajput
clans "Rajput" is a vaguely-defined term, and there is no universal consensus on which clans make up the Rajput
Rajput
community.[70] In medieval Rajasthan
Rajasthan
(the historical Rajputana) and its neighbouring areas, the word Rajput
Rajput
came to be restricted to certain specific clans, based on patrilineal descent and intermarriages. On the other hand, the Rajput communities living in the region to the east of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
had a fluid and inclusive nature. The Rajputs of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
eventually refused to acknowledge the Rajput
Rajput
identity claimed by their eastern counterparts,[71] such as the Bundelas.[72] The Rajputs claim to be Kshatriyas or descendants of Kshatriyas, but their actual status varies greatly, ranging from princely lineages to common cultivators.[73] There are several major subdivisions of Rajputs, known as vansh or vamsha, the step below the super-division jāti[74] These vansh delineate claimed descent from various sources, and the Rajput
Rajput
are generally considered to be divided into three primary vansh:[75] Suryavanshi denotes descent from the solar deity Surya, Chandravanshi(Somavanshi) from the lunar deity Chandra, and Agnivanshi from the fire deity Agni. The Agnivanshi clans include Parmar, Chaulukya
Chaulukya
(Solanki), Parihar and Chauhan.[76] Lesser-noted vansh include Udayvanshi, Rajvanshi,[77] and Rishivanshi.[78] The histories of the various vanshs were later recorded in documents known as vamshāavalīis; André Wink counts these among the "status-legitimizing texts".[79]

A contingent of the Rajput Regiment
Rajput Regiment
of the Indian Army, during the Republic day parade

Beneath the vansh division are smaller and smaller subdivisions: kul, shakh ("branch"), khamp or khanp ("twig"), and nak ("twig tip").[74] Marriages within a kul are generally disallowed (with some flexibility for kul-mates of different gotra lineages). The kul serves as the primary identity for many of the Rajput
Rajput
clans, and each kul is protected by a family goddess, the kuldevi. Lindsey Harlan notes that in some cases, shakhs have become powerful enough to be functionally kuls in their own right.[80] Culture and ethos

The Rajput
Rajput
bride, illustration in The Oriental Annual, or Scenes of India (1835)

The Rajputs were designated as a Martial Race
Martial Race
in the period of the British Raj.[81] This was a designation created by administrators that classified each ethnic group as either "martial" or "non-martial": a "martial race" was typically considered brave and well built for fighting,[82] whilst the remainder were those whom the British believed to be unfit for battle because of their sedentary lifestyles.[83] Rajput
Rajput
lifestyle

A Khanda (sword)
Khanda (sword)
of Rajputs developed in the Rana Pratap's period[citation needed]

The double-edged scimitar known as the khanda was a popular weapon among the Rajputs of that era. On special occasions, a primary chief would break up a meeting of his vassal chiefs with khanda nariyal, the distribution of daggers and coconuts. Another affirmation of the Rajput's reverence for his sword was the Karga Shapna ("adoration of the sword") ritual, performed during the annual Navaratri
Navaratri
festival, after which a Rajput
Rajput
is considered "free to indulge his passion for rapine and revenge".[84] The Rajput
Rajput
of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
also offer a sacrifice of water buffalo or goat to their family Goddess ( Kuldevta) during Navaratri.[85] The ritual requires slaying of the animal with a single stroke. In the past this ritual was considered a rite of passage for young Rajput
Rajput
men.[86] Rajputs generally have adopted the custom of purdah (seclusion of women).[49] By the late 19th century, there was a shift of focus among Rajputs from politics to a concern with kinship.[87] Many Rajputs of Rajasthan are nostalgic about their past and keenly conscious of their genealogy, emphasising a Rajput
Rajput
ethos that is martial in spirit, with a fierce pride in lineage and tradition.[88] Rajput
Rajput
diet The Anthropological Survey of India identified that in Gujarat, Rajputs are 'by and large' non-vegetarians, regular drinkers of alcohol, and also smoke and chew betel leaves.[89] These traits are also followed by Rajputs of Maharashtra with mutton, chicken and fish being consumed; and also pork (which historically dates back to the predilection for Rajput
Rajput
warriors and princes to hone their fighting skills by hunting and eating wild-pig).[90] Rajput
Rajput
politics

A royal Rajput
Rajput
procession, depicted on a mural at the Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur[91]

Rajput
Rajput
politics refers to the role played by the Rajput
Rajput
community in the electoral politics of India.[92][93] In states such as Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttrakhand, Jammu, Himachal Pradesh, and Gujarat, the large populations of Rajputs gives them a decisive role.[94][95][96] Arts The term Rajput painting
Rajput painting
refers to works of art created at the Rajput-ruled courts of Rajasthan, Central India, and the Punjab
Punjab
Hills. The term is also used to describe the style of these paintings, distinct from the Mughal painting
Mughal painting
style.[97] According to Ananda Coomaraswamy, Rajput painting
Rajput painting
symbolised the divide between Muslims and Hindus during Mughal rule. The styles of Mughal and Rajput painting
Rajput painting
are oppositional in character. He characterised Rajput painting
Rajput painting
as "popular, universal and mystic".[98] Rajput painting
Rajput painting
varied geographically, corresponding to each of the various Rajput
Rajput
kingdoms and regions. The Delhi area, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Central India each had its own variant.[99][not in citation given] See also

List of Rajput
Rajput
dynasties and states Bihari Rajputs Muslim Rajputs Sikh Rajputs Sindhi Rajputs Rajput
Rajput
wedding List of Rajputs

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youths rally for reservations - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 June 2016.  ^ Mudgal, Vipul (22 February 2016). "The Absurdity of Jat Reservation". The Wire. Retrieved 4 June 2016.  ^ "Rajputs demanding reservation threaten to disrupt chintan shivir". The Hindu. 16 January 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2016.  ^ "After Jats, Rajputs of western UP want reservation in govt posts". Hindustan Times. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2016.  ^ Ayan Shome 2014, p. 196. ^ Catherine B. Asher & Cynthia Talbot 2006, p. 99 (Para 3): "...Rajupt did not originally indicate a hereditary status but rather an occupational one: that is, it was used in reference to men from diverse ethnic and geographical backgrounds, who fought on horseback. In Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and its vicinity, the word Rajput
Rajput
came to have a more restricted and aristocratic meaning, as exclusive networks of warriors related by patrilineal descent and intermarriage became dominant in the fifteenth century. The Rajputs of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
eventually refused to acknowledge the Rajput
Rajput
identity of the warriors who lived farther to the east and retained the fluid and inclusive nature of their communities far longer than did the warriors of Rajasthan." ^ Cynthia Talbot 2015, p. 120 (Para 4): "Kolff's provocative thesis certainly applies to more peripheral groups like the Bundelas of Cenral India, whose claims to be Rajput
Rajput
were ignored by the Rajput clans of Mughal-era Rajasthan, and to other such lower-status martial communities." ^ "Rajput". Encyclopædia Britannica.  ^ a b Shail Mayaram 2013, p. 269. ^ Rolf Lunheim (1993). Desert people: caste and community—a Rajasthani village. University of Trondheim & Norsk Hydro AS. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ Maya Unnithan-Kumar (1997). Identity, Gender, and Poverty: New Perspectives on Caste
Caste
and Tribe in Rajasthan. Berghahn Books. p. 135. ISBN 978-1-57181-918-5. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ Makhan Jha (1 January 1997). Anthropology of Ancient Hindu
Hindu
Kingdoms: A Study in Civilizational Perspective. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 33–. ISBN 978-81-7533-034-4. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ K. S. Singh (1 January 1998). Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. pp. 276–. ISBN 978-81-7154-766-1. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ André Wink (2002). Al-Hind, the Making of the Indo-Islamic World: Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam
Islam
7Th-11th Centuries. BRILL. pp. 282–. ISBN 978-0-391-04173-8. Retrieved 24 August 2013.  ^ Lindsey Harlan 1992, p. 31. ^ Mazumder, Rajit K. The Indian Army
Indian Army
and the Making of Punjab. pp. 99, 105.  ^ Rand, Gavin (March 2006). "Martial Races and Imperial Subjects: Violence and Governance in Colonial India 1857–1914". European Review of History. Routledge. 13 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1080/13507480600586726.  ^ Streets, Heather (2004). Martial Races: The military, race and masculinity in British Imperial Culture, 1857–1914. Manchester University Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-0-7190-6962-8. Retrieved 20 October 2010.  ^ Narasimhan, Sakuntala (1992). Sati: widow burning in India (Reprinted ed.). Doubleday. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-385-42317-5.  ^ Hiltebeitel, Alf; Erndl, Kathleen M. (2000). Is the Goddess a Feminist?: The Politics of South Asian Goddesses. Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-8147-3619-7.  ^ Lindsey Harlan 1992, p. 88. ^ Kasturi, Malavika (2002). Embattled Identities Rajput
Rajput
Lineages. Oxford University Press. p. 2. ISBN 0-19-565787-X.  ^ Lindsey Harlan 1992, p. 27. ^ Singh K.S. (2002) People of India: Gujarat
Gujarat
Part 3 Vol XXII Anthropological Survey of India. P.1174 . ISBN 81-7991-106-3(3852) ^ Singh K.S. (2004) People of India: Maharashtra Part 3 Vol XXX Anthropological Survey of India. P.1636 . ISBN 81-7991-102-0(3848) ^ Rajput
Rajput
procession, Encyclopædia Britannica Archived 9 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Caste
Caste
politics in North, West and South India before Mandal : The low caste movements between sanskritisation and ethnicisation" (PDF). Kellogg.nd.edu. Retrieved 2015-03-18.  ^ Dipankar Gupta. "The caste bogey in election analysis". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 March 2015.  ^ "Changing Electoral Politics in Delhi". google.co.in. Retrieved 17 March 2015.  ^ "Elections in India: The vote-bank theory has run its course". Asiancorrespondent.com. 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2015-03-18.  ^ " Rajasthan
Rajasthan
polls: It's caste politics all the way". The Times of India. 13 October 2013.  ^ Karine Schomer 1994, p. 338. ^ Saleema Waraich (2012). "Competing and complementary visions of the court of the Great Mogor". In Dana Leibsohn; Jeanette Favrot Peterson. Seeing Across Cultures in the Early Modern World. Ashgate. p. 88.  ^ Leibsohn, Dana; Peterson, Jeanette (2012). Seeing Across Cultures in the Early Modern World. Ashgate Publishing. p. 3. 

Bibliography

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External links Media related to Rajput
Rajput
people at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Clans of the Rajput
Rajput
people

Suryavanshi

Bersal Gahlot Jhala Jethwa Kachwaha Khangarot Mori Naga Pundir Raghuvanshi Rathore Sisodia Gaharwar

Chandravanshi

Bhati Babaria Chandel Jadaun Jadeja Jaswal Jamwal Katoch Sarvaiya Tomar Yaduvanshi

Agnivanshi

Chauhan Parmar Parihar Solanki

Rishivanshi

Sengar Gautam Gargvanshi Kanhpuriya

Subclans

Gandhawaria Hada Chauhan Shekhawat Taoni Shaktawat Chundawat Ujjainiya

Others

Bais Rajputs Banaphar Bundela Chudasama Jaitawat Janjua Jasrotia Lohtamia Mian Minhas Raizada Sodha Nanwag

Authority control

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