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Quezon
Quezon
(Tagalog pronunciation: [ˈkɛson]) is a province of the Philippines
Philippines
in the Calabarzon
Calabarzon
region of Luzon
Luzon
island. The province was named after Manuel L. Quezon, the second President of the Philippines. Lucena is the provincial capital, seat of the provincial government and the most populous city of the province, but is governed independently as a highly urbanized city. Quezon
Quezon
is southeast of Metro Manila
Metro Manila
and is bordered by the provinces of Aurora to the north, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna
Rizal, Laguna
and Batangas
Batangas
to the west and the provinces of Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
and Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur
to the east. Part of Quezon
Quezon
lies on an isthmus connecting the Bicol Peninsula to the main part of Luzon. The province also includes the Polillo Islands in the Philippine Sea. Some marine parts of the Verde Island Passage, the center of the center of world's marine biodiversity, are also in the province. A major tourism draw to the province is Mount Banahaw. The mountain is surrounded by spiritual mysticism with many cults and religious organizations staying on the mountain. The mountain was also one of the most sacred sites for pre-colonial Tagalog people
Tagalog people
before the arrival of the Spanish. Numerous pilgrims visit the mountain especially during Holy Week.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Precolonial Period 1.2 Spanish Period 1.3 American period and World War II 1.4 Contemporary Period

1.4.1 Reestablishment of the Province of Aurora 1.4.2 Quezon
Quezon
- Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
Boundary Dispute 1.4.3 Failed Proposal to divide Quezon 1.4.4 Proposal to add the Legislative Districts of Quezon

2 Geography

2.1 Physical Characteristics 2.2 Climate 2.3 Administrative divisions

3 Demographics 4 Economy

4.1 Agro-industry 4.2 Fishing 4.3 Commerce and Banking

5 Infrastructure

5.1 Transportation

5.1.1 Road 5.1.2 Rail 5.1.3 Seaports 5.1.4 Airports

5.2 Energy 5.3 Water Security

6 Tourism & Culture

6.1 Festivals 6.2 Beaches and springs 6.3 Baroque Churches, Heritage Houses and others 6.4 Mountains 6.5 Food 6.6 Indigenous Languages

7 Notable people 8 Metro Lucena 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Precolonial Period[edit] Archaeological excavations in the province attest to its rich precolonial past. Archaeological materials including burial jars, human bones, shell midden and pot shreds have been discovered at different sites in Bondoc Peninsula including the towns of San Narciso, San Andres, Mulanay
Mulanay
and Catanauan. The most recent excavations were conducted in Catanauan
Catanauan
by the Catanauan
Catanauan
Archeological and Heritage Project. According to the preliminary report released by the Catanauan Archaeological and Heritage Project, several excavations were conducted in the 1930s. One of the excavations was conducted in San Narciso where archaeologists found burial jars. The site, inspected by Ricardo Galang, resulted in the discovery of burial jars near the coast. Galang also went to San Andres where excavations yielded 14th and 15th century ceramics as well as shell bracelets and beads. According to the journal as well, at a site named Tala, archaeologists discovered a glazed Chinese jar containing bone fragments from the early Ming dynasty. Looking at other archaeological sites located in adjacent areas like Marinduque
Marinduque
and Masbate, it can be inferred that these excavations date back to the metal period of the archipelago.[3] In 2012, at Mt. Kamhantik in the town of Mulanay, 15 limestone coffins were discovered. Carbon dating on a human tooth found it to be at least 1,000 years old. According to the archaeologists, the village is proof that the ancient inhabitants of the area practiced a more sophisticated way of life. Metal tools are believed to have been used to carve the coffins, and this is the first of its kind discovered in the archipelago. The remains are said to date back to the 10th to 14th century.[4] Spanish Period[edit]

Philippine Territorial Map 1880

Originally, what now forms Quezon
Quezon
was divided among the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, and Nueva Ecija. However, at different points in time, the boundaries of Quezon
Quezon
changed and included parts of Aurora, Marinduque, and Camarines Norte. At the early period of Spanish colonization, the province of Aurora was called El Principe, Infanta was called Binangonan de Lampon and southern Quezon
Quezon
was called Kalilayan. The first European to explore the area was Juan de Salcedo in 1571-1572, during his expedition from Laguna to Camarines provinces.[5][6] In 1574, Father Diego de Oropesa, founded the town of Bumaka, now known as the municipality of Gumaca.[5] In 1591, the province was created and called Kaliraya or Kalilayan, after the capital town which later became Unisan.[7] In 1595, The Diocese of Cáceres was established by Pope Clement VIII as a suffragan of Manila. The diocese covered the entire Bicolandia region plus the towns in Kalilayan, and the Contracosta towns. At that time, the towns on the eastern seaboard were pertained to as the Contracosta and included towns from Mauban, Binangonan de Lampon, to El Principe.[8] Depredation and plunder by the Moros were rampant during the Spanish regime, because they opposed the colonizers, especially in their efforts to spread Christianity. The destruction of Kalilayan in 1604 by a big fleet of Moro pirates caused the inhabitants to transfer to Palsabangon (Pagbilao). In 1705, the Military Comandancia of Nueva Ecija
Nueva Ecija
was created and was governed by Governor
Governor
General Fausto Cruzat. It included huge swathes of Central Luzon, the Contracosta towns as well as the Kalilayan area.[9] In 1749, the capital was transferred to the town of Tayabas, from which the province got its new name.[5] In 1853 the new military district of Tayabas
Tayabas
was carved from Nueva Ecija and included present-day Southern Quezon
Quezon
as well as present-day Aurora. In 1858, Binangonan de Lampon and the Polilio Islands were separated from Nueva Ecija
Nueva Ecija
to form part of Infanta.[9] According to the CBCP, the two Franciscan friars named Fray Juan de Plasencia and Fray Diego de Oropesa were the ones responsible for bringing Christianity to the area. The Franciscans are also credited for spreading Christianity to towns and parishes across the province including Mauban, Sariaya
Sariaya
and Gumaca.[10] Between 1855 and 1885, El Principe was established as its own Military Comandancia with its capital in Baler. After years under the Spanish regime, the colonized people grew discontented with the Spaniards over the centuries. The most important event in the history of the province was the Confradia Revolt
Confradia Revolt
in 1841, which was led by the famous Lucbano, Apolinario de la Cruz, popularly known as Hermano Pule. The province, under General Miguel Malvar, was also among the earliest to join the Philippine Revolution. The Revolutionary Government took control over the province on August 15, 1898. American period and World War II[edit] The Americans then came and annexed the Philippines. A civil government was established in the province on March 12, 1901, and Lucena was made the provincial capital. In 1902, the district of El Principe was transferred from the jurisdiction of Nueva Ecija
Nueva Ecija
to Tayabas.[7] In the same year, Marinduque
Marinduque
became part of Tayabas
Tayabas
province by virtue of Act 499 enacted by the Philippine Commission.[11] However, by 1920, Act 2280 was passed by the Philippine Congress, reestablishing Marinduque
Marinduque
as a separate province.[citation needed] Because of the distance between Tayabas
Tayabas
and Bicol and the growing population, Tayabas
Tayabas
came under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Lipa in 1910.[10]

Tayabas
Tayabas
province in 1918

Northern portion

Southern portion

Japanese occupation of the province during World War II began on December 23, 1941, when the Japanese Imperial Army
Japanese Imperial Army
landed in Atimonan. The General Headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary was stationed in Tayabas
Tayabas
from January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946 are military operates against the Japanese Occupation.[incomprehensible] The occupation witnessed the brutal murders of prominent sons of Tayabas. April 4, 1945 was the day the province was liberated as the combined Filipino and American army forces reached Lucena.[further explanation needed] After the war, on September 7, 1946, Republic Act No. 14 changed the name Tayabas
Tayabas
to Quezon, in honor of Manuel L. Quezon, the Commonwealth president who hailed from Baler, which was one of the province's towns.[12] Even before the Philippines
Philippines
gained its independence, the province has already depended heavily on coconuts. This history can clearly be seen through the opulent houses built in the town of Sariaya
Sariaya
during this period. Coconuts served as the main source of income for the landed class of Sariaya
Sariaya
and this allowed them to build the ancestral houses that we see today.[13] This has led some companies like Peter Paul to establish its presence in Candelaria to manufacture products like desiccated coconut. as early as this period.[14] Contemporary Period[edit] Reestablishment of the Province of Aurora[edit] In June 1951, the northern part of Quezon
Quezon
(specifically, the towns of Baler, Casiguran, Dilasag, Dingalan, Dinalongan, Dipaculao, Maria Aurora and San Luis) was made into the sub-province of Aurora.[15] Aurora was the name of the president's wife, Aurora Quezon. Aurora was finally separated from Quezon
Quezon
as an independent province in 1979.[16] Quezon
Quezon
- Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
Boundary Dispute[edit] In 1989, the Province of Quezon, represented by Governor
Governor
Hjalmar Quintana, was involved in a boundary dispute with the province of Camarines Norte, represented by Roy Padilla, over 9 barangays of over 8,000 hectares at their border. These barangays are Kagtalaba, Plaridel, Kabuluan, Don Tomas, Guitol, Tabugon, Maualawin, Patag Ibaba and Patag Iraya. The boundary dispute originated from Act 2711 or the Revised Administrative Code which was enacted in 1917.[17] Section 42 of Act 2711 defines the Tayabas- Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
boundary as:

" Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
and Tayabas
Tayabas
boundary. – The boundary separating the Province of Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
from the Province of Tayabas
Tayabas
begins at a point on the eastern shore of Basiad Bay and extends to a peak known as Mount Cadig in such manner as to bring the territory of the barrio of Basiad entirely within the municipality of Capalonga, in Camarines Norte, and to exclude the same from the territory of Calauag, in Tayabas. From Mount Cadig it extends along the crest of a mountain range, a distance of 50 kilometers, more or less, to a peak known as Mount Labo; thence in a southwesterly direction, a distance of 25 kilometers, more or less, to a prominent stone monument at the source or headwaters of the Pasay River, thence along the meandering course of said river in a southerly direction, a distance of 1½ kilometers, more or less, to the Gulf of Ragay."[18]

In 1922, the then Chief of the Executive Bureau, acted upon the authority of the Secretary of the Interior.[17] This ruling by the then chief was never implemented even with repeated efforts of the provincial government of Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
and the Secretary of Interior. The Chief delineated the border as follows:

"Starting from the peak of Mt. Labo as a common corner between the provinces of Tayabas, Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur
and Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
thence a straight line is drawn to the peak of Mt. Cadig; thence a straight line is drawn to the point of intersection of the inter-provincial road between Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
and Tayabas
Tayabas
with the Tabugon River; thence, following the course of the river to its mouth at Basiad Bay."[17]

In the legal dispute, Quezon
Quezon
raised two points of contention. First is that Act 2711 already delineated the boundaries of the province. Second is that the Chief of the Executive Bureau had no power nor authority to change the boundaries of the province. Regarding the first issue, the court stated that it is true that Act 2711 delineated the boundary but it did not delineate the entirety of the boundary. The point on the eastern shore of Basiad Bay was never specifically located, thus, needing further delineation. On the second issue, the court stated that the Chief did not alter the borders in any way. The Chief worked with the requirement that the point be on the eastern shore of Basiad Bay. He was also acting on the consideration of Act 2809, the Act establishing Camarines Norte, which states that Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
be established with the borders it had before merging with Camarines Sur. The court then ruled in favor of Camarines Norte and ordered the provincial government of Quezon
Quezon
to transfer all its authority and jurisdiction to the former.[17] By 2001, the Provincial Government of Quezon, this time represented by Governor
Governor
Eduardo Rodriguez, the Provincial Government of Camarines Norte, as represented by Governor
Governor
Roy Padilla, went back to court. Even with the judgment on the 1989 case was executory by 1990, the provincial government of Quezon
Quezon
did not abide by the court's ruling. In 1991, a DENR technical team conducted a survey of the area and erected a monument marker to delineate the boundary of the area. However, by October 1991, Quezon
Quezon
Governor
Governor
Eduardo Rodriguez and Calauag
Calauag
Mayor Julio Lim caused the removal of the marker. Throughout the proceedings, several government agencies including the Department of Budget and Management, Comelec, as well as the Philippine Statistics Authority recognized the jurisdiction of the town of Santa Elena, Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
over the 9 barangays. In 2000, Judge Regino held Governor
Governor
Rodriguez and Mayor Lim guilty of contempt, with a maximum imprisonment of 6 months as well as a fine of 1,000 pesos for the erection of a new boundary marker.[19] Failed Proposal to divide Quezon[edit] In 2007, Republic Act No. 9495 was proposed to further divide Quezon into Quezon
Quezon
del Norte and Quezon
Quezon
del Sur. (see Quezon
Quezon
del Sur creation plebiscite, 2008) Quezon
Quezon
del Norte was to be composed of the first and second congressional districts of the province (Burdeos, General Nakar, Infanta, Jomalig, Lucban, Mauban, Pagbilao, Panukulan, Patnanungan, Polilio, Real, Sampaloc, Tayabas, Candelaria, Dolores, San Antonio, Sariaya, Tiaong
Tiaong
and Lucena), with Lucena as its capital. Quezon
Quezon
del Sur, with its capital at Gumaca, would have been composed of the third and fourth congressional districts (Agdangan, Buenavista, Catanauan, General Luna, Macalelon, Mulanay, Padre Burgos, Pitogo, San Andres, San Francisco, San Narciso, Unisan, Alabat, Atimonan, Calauag, Guinayangan, Gumaca, Lopez, Perez, Plaridel, Quezon
Plaridel, Quezon
and Tagkawayan). The act lapsed into law without the signature of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on September 7, 2007.[20] As required by law, the COMELEC held a plebiscite on December 13, 2008, 60 days after Republic Act No. 9495 took effect. The majority of the votes cast rejected the division, therefore the split did not push through. Proposal to add the Legislative Districts of Quezon[edit] In 2015, news reported that the Provincial Development Council is pushing to increase the legislative districts in Quezon
Quezon
from 4 to 7. This will allow the people of Quezon
Quezon
to have greater representation in congress. The new districts proposed are as follows:[21] District 1—Real, Infanta, General Nakar
General Nakar
and the island towns of Polilio, Jomalig, Patnanungan, Panukulan
Panukulan
and Burdeos District 1B—Mauban, Tayabas, Sampaloc, Lucban
Lucban
and Pagbilao
Pagbilao
(to separate from the current first district) District 2A—Antonio, Tiaong, Dolores, Candelaria and Sariaya
Sariaya
towns Lone district—Lucena City (to separate from the current second district) Bonpen district—Padre Burgos, Agdangan, Unisan, Pitogo, Macalelon, General Luna, Catanauan, Mulanay
Mulanay
and San Francisco towns District 4—Atimonan, Plaridel, Gumaca, Lopez, Calauag
Calauag
and the island towns of Alabat, Perez and Quezon Ragay Gulf
Ragay Gulf
District—San Andres, San Narciso and Buenavista towns (to separate from the current third district) and Guinayangan
Guinayangan
and Tagkawayan
Tagkawayan
towns (to separate from current fourth) Geography[edit]

Political map

Mount Banahaw
Mount Banahaw
seen from the Atimonan- Pagbilao
Pagbilao
border

Physical Characteristics[edit] Quezon, east of Metro Manila, is the 8th largest province in the Philippines
Philippines
having an area of 8,989.39 square kilometres (3,470.82 sq mi).[22] It is the largest province of Calabarzon, comprising 879,660 hectares or 53.21% of the total land area of the region.[23] Of this area, 513,618 hectares is categorized as agricultural land.[23] The northern part of the province is sandwiched between the Sierra Madre mountain range and the Philippine Sea. The southern part consists of the Tayabas
Tayabas
Isthmus, which separates the Bicol Peninsula from the main part of Luzon
Luzon
Island, and the Bondoc Peninsula which lies between Tayabas
Tayabas
Bay and Ragay Gulf. Because of this, majority of towns in the province have access to the sea. The province is bounded by the provinces of Aurora, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur
and Camarines Norte. It is bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean and to the south by Tayabas Bay. The province is said to be characterized by a rugged terrain with patches of plains, valleys and swamps. The major islands of Quezon
Quezon
are Alabat Island
Alabat Island
and Polillo Islands. Mount Banahaw, an active volcano, is the highest peak at 2,169 metres (7,116 ft).[24] It supplies geothermal power to the Mak-Ban Geothermal Power Plant.[25] The province has a total of 1,066.36 km of coastline[23] and has several bays including Burdeos
Burdeos
Bay, Lamon Bay, Calauag
Calauag
Bay, Lopez Bay, Ragay Gulf, Pagbilao
Pagbilao
Bay and Tayabas
Tayabas
Bay. The Infanta
Infanta
Watershed has extensive and highly productive aquifers while Mauban
Mauban
and Atimonan have no significant groundwater.[26] According to the DENR, in 2003, Quezon
Quezon
had 231,190 hectares of forest cover.[27] However, due to rampant illegal logging as well as kaingin, these forests are constantly threatened. Climate[edit] Because of the sheer size of Quezon, different areas have different climate patterns. Most of the province falls under Type IV Climate which means that rains are evenly distributed throughout the year. Polillo, Infanta
Infanta
and parts of Calauag
Calauag
fall under Type II climate which means that there are no dry seasons but there is a pronounced wet season from November to April. Parts of the western towns of Tiaong, San Antonio, Dolores and Candelaria as well as the tip of Bondoc Peninsula including parts of Mulanay, San Francisco, San Narciso and San Andres fall under Type III climate. This means that there is a relatively dry season from November to April.[citation needed] Although these are the patterns observed, it is important to note that with climate change, these patterns have become more erratic. Typhoons have become stronger through the years, causing problems such as power outages, road blockages, landslides, flashfloods and crop damages.

Administrative divisions[edit] Quezon
Quezon
comprises 39 municipalities and one component city named Tayabas
Tayabas
City, which are organized into four legislative districts and further subdivided into 1,209 barangays. The capital, Lucena City, is independent from the administrative and fiscal supervision of the province, but is eligible to vote for provincial officials.

 †  Provincial capital and highly urbanized city  ∗  Component city      Municipality

City or municipality[A] District[22] Population ±% p.a. Area[22] Density Brgy. Coordinates[B]

(2015)[2] (2010)[28]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Agdangan 3rd 6999700000000000000♠0.7% 12,851 11,567 2.02% 31.54 12.18 410 1,100 12 13°52′30″N 121°54′48″E / 13.8749°N 121.9134°E / 13.8749; 121.9134 (Agdangan)

Alabat 4th 6999800000000000000♠0.8% 15,630 16,120 −0.59% 57.61 22.24 270 700 19 14°06′04″N 122°00′44″E / 14.1012°N 122.0121°E / 14.1012; 122.0121 (Alabat)

Atimonan 4th 7000340000000000000♠3.4% 63,432 61,587 0.56% 239.66 92.53 260 670 42 14°00′02″N 121°55′17″E / 14.0006°N 121.9215°E / 14.0006; 121.9215 (Atimonan)

Buenavista 3rd 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 30,047 29,053 0.64% 161.35 62.30 190 490 37 13°44′15″N 122°28′02″E / 13.7376°N 122.4673°E / 13.7376; 122.4673 (Buenavista)

Burdeos 1st 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 26,760 24,166 1.96% 199.82 77.15 130 340 14 14°50′24″N 121°58′12″E / 14.8399°N 121.9700°E / 14.8399; 121.9700 (Burdeos)

Calauag 4th 7000390000000000000♠3.9% 73,139 69,223 1.05% 324.71 125.37 230 600 81 13°57′30″N 122°17′14″E / 13.9582°N 122.2873°E / 13.9582; 122.2873 (Calauag)

Candelaria 2nd 7000630000000000000♠6.3% 117,434 110,570 1.15% 129.10 49.85 910 2,400 25 13°56′00″N 121°25′21″E / 13.9334°N 121.4224°E / 13.9334; 121.4224 (Candelaria)

Catanauan 3rd 7000380000000000000♠3.8% 71,073 65,832 1.47% 253.07 97.71 280 730 46 13°35′34″N 122°19′20″E / 13.5929°N 122.3223°E / 13.5929; 122.3223 (Catanauan)

Dolores 2nd 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 28,891 27,702 0.80% 62.60 24.17 460 1,200 16 14°00′57″N 121°24′04″E / 14.0157°N 121.4011°E / 14.0157; 121.4011 (Dolores)

General Luna 3rd 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 26,494 25,373 0.83% 101.02 39.00 260 670 27 13°41′17″N 122°10′16″E / 13.6881°N 122.1710°E / 13.6881; 122.1710 (General Luna)

General Nakar 1st 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 29,705 25,973 2.59% 1,343.75 518.82 22 57 19 14°45′48″N 121°38′07″E / 14.7634°N 121.6353°E / 14.7634; 121.6353 (General Nakar)

Guinayangan 4th 7000240000000000000♠2.4% 45,155 41,669 1.54% 214.12 82.67 210 540 54 13°53′51″N 122°27′14″E / 13.8974°N 122.4539°E / 13.8974; 122.4539 (Guinayangan)

Gumaca 4th 7000400000000000000♠4.0% 73,877 69,618 1.14% 189.65 73.22 390 1,000 59 13°55′17″N 122°06′05″E / 13.9215°N 122.1015°E / 13.9215; 122.1015 (Gumaca)

Infanta 1st 7000370000000000000♠3.7% 69,079 64,818 1.22% 342.76 132.34 200 520 36 14°44′45″N 121°38′50″E / 14.7458°N 121.6472°E / 14.7458; 121.6472 (Infanta)

Jomalig 1st 6999400000000000000♠0.4% 7,417 6,884 1.43% 56.65 21.87 130 340 5 14°41′49″N 122°19′47″E / 14.6970°N 122.3297°E / 14.6970; 122.3297 (Jomalig)

Lopez 4th 7000510000000099999♠5.1% 95,167 91,074 0.84% 355.38 137.21 270 700 95 13°52′57″N 122°15′40″E / 13.8825°N 122.2611°E / 13.8825; 122.2611 (Lopez)

Lucban 1st 7000280000000099999♠2.8% 51,475 46,698 1.87% 130.46 50.37 390 1,000 32 14°06′52″N 121°33′17″E / 14.1144°N 121.5548°E / 14.1144; 121.5548 (Lucban)

Lucena † Lone — 266,248 246,392 1.49% 80.21 30.97 3,300 8,500 33 13°56′06″N 121°36′45″E / 13.9350°N 121.6124°E / 13.9350; 121.6124 (Lucena)

Macalelon 3rd 7000150000000000000♠1.5% 28,188 26,419 1.24% 124.05 47.90 230 600 30 13°44′46″N 122°08′13″E / 13.7462°N 122.1369°E / 13.7462; 122.1369 (Macalelon)

Mauban 1st 7000340000000000000♠3.4% 63,819 61,141 0.82% 415.98 160.61 150 390 40 14°11′20″N 121°43′52″E / 14.1889°N 121.7310°E / 14.1889; 121.7310 (Mauban)

Mulanay 3rd 7000290000000000000♠2.9% 53,123 50,826 0.85% 420.00 162.16 130 340 28 13°31′23″N 122°24′15″E / 13.5231°N 122.4043°E / 13.5231; 122.4043 (Mulanay)

Padre Burgos 3rd 7000120000000000000♠1.2% 22,460 20,161 2.08% 69.10 26.68 330 850 22 13°55′00″N 121°48′58″E / 13.9166°N 121.8162°E / 13.9166; 121.8162 (Padre Burgos)

Pagbilao 1st 7000400000000000000♠4.0% 75,023 65,996 2.47% 170.96 66.01 440 1,100 27 13°58′28″N 121°41′07″E / 13.9745°N 121.6854°E / 13.9745; 121.6854 (Pagbilao)

Panukulan 1st 6999700000000000000♠0.7% 13,546 12,511 1.52% 226.61 87.49 60 160 12 14°55′59″N 121°48′58″E / 14.9331°N 121.8160°E / 14.9331; 121.8160 (Panukulan)

Patnanungan 1st 6999800000000000000♠0.8% 14,606 13,865 1.00% 139.20 53.75 100 260 6 14°45′19″N 122°13′01″E / 14.7552°N 122.2169°E / 14.7552; 122.2169 (Patnanungan)

Perez 4th 6999700000000000000♠0.7% 12,173 12,039 0.21% 57.46 22.19 210 540 14 14°11′38″N 121°55′33″E / 14.1938°N 121.9257°E / 14.1938; 121.9257 (Perez)

Pitogo 3rd 7000120000000000000♠1.2% 23,019 21,380 1.42% 73.39 28.34 310 800 39 13°46′59″N 122°05′19″E / 13.7830°N 122.0886°E / 13.7830; 122.0886 (Pitogo)

Plaridel 4th 6999600000000000000♠0.6% 10,935 10,238 1.26% 35.05 13.53 310 800 9 13°57′24″N 122°01′01″E / 13.9568°N 122.0170°E / 13.9568; 122.0170 (Plaridel)

Polillo 1st 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 30,582 28,125 1.61% 253.00 97.68 120 310 20 14°43′03″N 121°56′15″E / 14.7176°N 121.9375°E / 14.7176; 121.9375 (Polillo)

Quezon 4th 6999800000000000000♠0.8% 15,228 15,142 0.11% 71.22 27.50 210 540 24 14°00′22″N 122°11′03″E / 14.0060°N 122.1841°E / 14.0060; 122.1841 (Quezon)

Real 1st 7000190000000000000♠1.9% 35,979 35,189 0.42% 563.89 217.72 64 170 17 14°39′56″N 121°36′13″E / 14.6655°N 121.6036°E / 14.6655; 121.6036 (Real)

Sampaloc 1st 6999700000000000000♠0.7% 13,907 13,107 1.13% 104.78 40.46 130 340 14 14°09′40″N 121°38′18″E / 14.1610°N 121.6382°E / 14.1610; 121.6382 (Sampaloc)

San Andres 3rd 7000190000000000000♠1.9% 35,780 33,586 1.21% 60.99 23.55 590 1,500 7 13°19′25″N 122°40′39″E / 13.3235°N 122.6774°E / 13.3235; 122.6774 (San Andres)

San Antonio 2nd 7000180000000000000♠1.8% 33,467 31,681 1.05% 172.93 66.77 190 490 20 13°53′45″N 121°17′36″E / 13.8957°N 121.2932°E / 13.8957; 121.2932 (San Antonio)

San Francisco (Aurora) 3rd 7000330000000000000♠3.3% 61,473 57,979 1.12% 303.96 117.36 200 520 16 13°20′49″N 122°31′12″E / 13.3469°N 122.5200°E / 13.3469; 122.5200 (San Francisco)

San Narciso 3rd 7000260000000000000♠2.6% 48,461 45,386 1.26% 263.58 101.77 180 470 24 13°33′56″N 122°33′59″E / 13.5656°N 122.5665°E / 13.5656; 122.5665 (San Narciso)

Sariaya 2nd 7000800000000000000♠8.0% 148,980 138,894 1.34% 212.16 81.92 700 1,800 43 13°57′46″N 121°31′27″E / 13.9629°N 121.5243°E / 13.9629; 121.5243 (Sariaya)

Tagkawayan 4th 7000280000000099999♠2.8% 51,832 50,833 0.37% 534.35 206.31 97 250 45 13°57′57″N 122°32′21″E / 13.9657°N 122.5393°E / 13.9657; 122.5393 (Tagkawayan)

Tayabas ∗ 1st 7000540000000000000♠5.4% 99,779 91,428 1.68% 230.95 89.17 430 1,100 66 14°01′35″N 121°35′30″E / 14.0263°N 121.5918°E / 14.0263; 121.5918 (Tayabas)

Tiaong 2nd 7000540000000000000♠5.4% 99,712 91,599 1.63% 168.38 65.01 590 1,500 31 13°57′33″N 121°19′22″E / 13.9593°N 121.3228°E / 13.9593; 121.3228 (Tiaong)

Unisan 3rd 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 26,884 25,186 1.25% 124.15 47.93 220 570 36 13°50′21″N 121°58′35″E / 13.8393°N 121.9763°E / 13.8393; 121.9763 (Unisan)

Total[C] 1,856,582 1,740,638 1.24% 8,989.39 3,470.82 210 540 1,209 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Former names are italicized. ^ Coordinates
Coordinates
mark the town center, and are sortable by latitude. ^ Total figures exclude the highly urbanized city of Lucena.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Quezon

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1990 1,221,831 —    

1995 1,359,992 +2.03%

2000 1,482,955 +1.87%

2007 1,646,510 +1.45%

2010 1,740,638 +2.04%

2015 1,856,582 +1.24%

(excluding Lucena City) Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][28][29]

The population of Quezon
Quezon
in the 2015 census was 1,856,582 people,[2] with a density of 210 inhabitants per square kilometre or 540 inhabitants per square mile. When Lucena City is included for geographical purposes, the province's population is 2,122,830 people, with a density of 234/km2 (606/sq mi). The inhabitants are mostly Tagalogs. The population is concentrated in the flat south-central portion which includes Lucena City, Sariaya, and Candelaria. After World War II, Infanta
Infanta
and surrounding towns received migrants from Manila, Laguna, Rizal
Rizal
and Batangas. People from Marinduque
Marinduque
moved to the southern part of the Tayabas
Tayabas
Isthmus
Isthmus
and the Bondoc Peninsula. Bicolanos from Bicol Region
Bicol Region
migrated to the easternmost towns of Calauag
Calauag
and Tagkawayan.[citation needed] Economy[edit] Farming and fishing are the main sources of livelihood in the province. Commercial, industrial, and banking activities are mostly concentrated in the south-central part of the province. Agro-industry[edit] Quezon
Quezon
is the country's leading producer of coconut products such as desiccated coconut, virgin coconut oil, coconut juice, coconut oil[6] and copra. A large part of the province is covered in coconut plantations. Several large companies geared toward processing coconuts have factories in the province. This includes companies in Candelaria including Peter Paul Philippine Corporation, Primex Coco Products Inc., Pacific Royal Basic Foods, SuperStar Corporation, and Tongsan Industrial Development Corporation which are focused on processing desiccated coconut and other specialty coconut products.[citation needed] Other companies in Lucena like Tantuco Enterprises, and JNJ Oil Industries on the other hand are focused on producing coconut oil and other coconut oil based products like margarine, and lard.[citation needed] Because of the coconut industry, copra traders from provinces like Marinduque, Romblon, and Masbate
Masbate
regularly visit the province. However, the coconut industry is faced with several threats from cocolisap to the coconut lumber trade.[30] When cocolisap posed a huge threat to the coconut industry, the government had to act swiftly with countermeasures aimed at fighting the coconut scaling insect.[31] Aside from coconuts, Quezon
Quezon
is also the most important agricultural province among the provinces in Calabarzon
Calabarzon
in terms of producing staple food items such as rice and corn. The province supplies 200,000 MT of rice and corn annually or around 42% of the total rice and corn requirement of the region.[32] Other major crops are rice, corn, banana, and coffee. Fishing[edit] Because of its long coastline and the presence of numerous marshes and bays, fishing is also a large part of the province's economy. Quezon accounts for 33% or around 132,239 MT of fish produced in the region. Several fish port complexes exist in the province, including ports in Atimonan, Lucena, Infanta, and Guinayangan. These ports serve as hubs for the trade of fish and other aquatic resources like round scad, anchovies, tuna, and groupers. The province has three fishing districts. The first is found in the northeast encompassing Lamon Bay. The southeast portion includes the Ragay Gulf
Ragay Gulf
while the south central portion covers Tayabas
Tayabas
Bay. Aside from fishing, aquaculture is also important in the coastal municipalities of the province. Bangus and prawns are among the most cultured species.[32] Commerce and Banking[edit] The capital city of Lucena is considered to be the economic center of the province. There are currently three malls in the province. Two of them are located in Lucena namely SM City Lucena and Pacific Mall Lucena. Citymall, located in Tiaong, is the third mall in the province. Major banks like BDO, Metrobank, Land Bank, BPI, PNB, RCBC UCPB, among other Manila-based banks are present in the western part of the province. BDO however made a move to establish a regional head office at Lucena due to the growing demand and economic importance of the province itself. On the other hand, namely QCRB, Rural Bank of Atimonan
Atimonan
and Card Bank rural banks serve the far-flung towns. Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] Road[edit]

Manila
Manila
South Road, part of Pan-Philippine Highway
Pan-Philippine Highway
(N1/AH26), in Sariaya.

Quezon
Quezon
has a total of 931 kilometres (578 mi) of national roads, mostly paved with concrete.[33] Pan-Philippine Highway
Pan-Philippine Highway
(N1/AH26), which comprises most of Manila
Manila
South Road, and Quirino
Quirino
Highway (N68), the Quezon
Quezon
leg of Andaya Highway
Andaya Highway
form the highway backbone network, and the secondary and tertiary roads interconnect most cities and municipalities, except for Infanta, Real, and General Nakar, whose highways used to access those municipalities interconnect with the national highway network in Laguna and Rizal. The provincial government maintains provincial roads which supplements the national roads. In order to spur development in the province, several proposals have been made to expand the expressway network to Quezon. The South Luzon Expressway, which terminates at Calamba, will be extended to Tayabas with the construction of Toll Road 4 (SLEx TR-4).[34] Two expressways being proposed for construction includes the Manila
Manila
- Quezon Expressway (MQX), which will pass through Rizal
Rizal
and eastern Laguna,[35] and Quezon-Bicol Expressway (QuBEx), which will link Lucena with Bicol Region.[36] Rail[edit] The South Line of Philippine National Railway's North-South railway passes through the different towns of Quezon
Quezon
from Tutuban to Bicol. This includes stops in Lucena, Malicboy, Agdangan, Plaridel, Gumaca, Lopez, Hondagua, Aloneros, and Tagkawayan.[37] However, no trains are operating along this line as of present. Seaports[edit] The Dalahican Port and Cotta Port in Lucena provide direct access to the neighboring island provinces of Marinduque, and Romblon. The Port of Real provides access to the islands of Polillo while the Atimonan and Gumaca
Gumaca
ports provide access to the island of Alabat. The port in San Andres provides access to Masbate
Masbate
and Burias islands. Airports[edit] There exist several airports in Quezon. This includes the Lucena Airport, Pagbilao
Pagbilao
Grande Airport, Alabat Airport (Alabat Island) Jomalig
Jomalig
Airport ( Jomalig
Jomalig
Island), and the Balesin (Tordesillas) Airport (Balesin Island). Only Balesin Airport is being used as of present for Manila-Balesin flights. Energy[edit] Quezon
Quezon
is home to several power plants that supply energy to the Luzon grid. The Pagbilao
Pagbilao
Power Station is the first power plant in the province. Located at Isla Grande in Pagbilao, the 735 MW coal fueled power plant started operations as early as 1993. This power plant is currently being managed by Team Energy Corp. and is undergoing a 420 MW expansion.[38] The Mauban
Mauban
Power Station is also a coal fueled power plant located in Barangay
Barangay
Cagsiay I. Managed by Quezon
Quezon
Power, the 420 MW power plant started operations in the year 2000.[39] The third power plant, a 600 MW coal fueled plant, is currently in the planning stage and is going to be located in Barangay
Barangay
Villa Ibaba in the town of Atimonan.[40] Together, these three provide jobs to the people as Quezon
Quezon
as well as addressing the energy needs of the province and the greater Luzon
Luzon
area. There are three power distributors in the province, namely Meralco, Quezon
Quezon
I Electric Cooperative (QUEZELCO-I), and Quezon
Quezon
II Electric Cooperative (QUEZELCO-II). Meralco
Meralco
provides electricity to the province's second district as well as the adjacent towns of Pagbilao, Lucban, Sampaloc, Mauban
Mauban
and Tayabas
Tayabas
City. QUEZELCO-I distributes power to the towns of the province's 3rd and 4th districts. QUEZELCO-II distributes power to the towns of the province's first district, except for the towns served by Meralco. Water Security[edit] The Quezon
Quezon
Metropolitan Water District (QMWD), formerly known as the Lucena Pagbilao
Pagbilao
Tayabas
Tayabas
Water District or LUPATA, serves the Metro Lucena area including Lucena City, Tayabas
Tayabas
City, and Pagbilao.[41] It draws its water largely from the May-it Spring although this source has prove inadequate to supply the area.[42] Other towns are served by their own water districts. Some areas like the Infanta
Infanta
area are characterized by highly productive aquifers but other areas like Mauban
Mauban
and Atimonan
Atimonan
have no significant water productivity.[26] Due to the pressures of a growing population, Quezon
Quezon
is one of the provinces from which the government plans to source part of the demand for water of Metro Manila. In General Nakar, construction is ongoing as of 2016 on a tunnel to divert water from the Sumag River to Angat Dam.[43] The tunnel will link up with the Umiray-Angat Transbasin Tunnel to provide water to Angat Dam.[43] Aside from this, there are plans for the construction of the New Centennial Water Source Project - Kaliwa Lower Dam and the Kanan Dam in Northern Quezon
Quezon
for power generation and water supply of Metro Manila.[44] The Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Quezon
Quezon
is against the construction of this project stating that it will not allow water from the Agos River, both on the left (kaliwa) and on the right (kanan) sides of the river.[44] Locals fear that the construction of the project would cause massive destruction of forests, crops, animals and property in the REINA area.[44] Tourism & Culture[edit] As of now, tourism is still a minor but growing part of the province's economy. Several attractions draw tourists from here and abroad including festivals, beaches, old structures and other sights. Festivals[edit]

Pahiyas 2012

Among the festivals of Quezon, the three most prominent and famous are probably the Pahiyas Festival of Lucban, the Niyugyugan Festival of Lucena City and Katang Festival of Calauag. The Pahiyas Festival is the unique celebration of the people of Lucban of the Feast of St. Isidore, the patron of farmers. Held every May 15 of the year, the Pahiyas Festival is the time when neighbors compete against each other in decorating their houses in the most creative manner. The natives of Lucban
Lucban
use vegetables and grains like rice, chayotes and radishes as well as a special material called kiping. Kiping is an ornament made of grounded rice flour shaped into leaves and dyed in different colors. These materials serve as the ingredients for the colorful houses that the Pahiyas has become famous for.[45] The Niyugyugan Festival is a relatively new festival started in 2012 celebrating the province's main product, the coconut. The festival celebrates the diversity of the different towns of the province through an expo. During this expo, the different towns build their own booths showcasing the best qualities of their town and then presents the products that their respective towns produce.[46] According to journalist and international boxing judge Rey Danseco, Calauag, one of the rich coastal municipalities of the province, celebrates Katang Festival (Crab Festival). The annual colorful and exciting festivities take place several days until the 25th of May, the town’s founding anniversary. Tourists from neighboring towns, provinces and other countries join the fun and witness Calaugeneans’ unique fiesta celebration and presentations of indigenous products, delicacies and different ways of cooking Katang. The Karera ng Katang (Crab Race) and Pabilisan at Paramihan ng Maitataling Katang (Crab Tying Race) are some of the highlights of festivities. The Philippines’ Department of Tourism promotes the Katang Festival as “A festival highlighting the Higanteng Alimango as their icon. The feast celebrates the abundance of mud crab in the province.“ Katang Festival has foremost aims of promoting Agro-Tourism and solidifying Calauag’s distinction as source of best variety and most delicious crab and other marine products such as shrimp (hipon or swahe) and giant Asian tiger prawn (sugpo) in the Philippines. [47] [48] Other colorful festivals on May 15th are Mayohan Festival of Tayabas City, Agawan Festival of Sariaya, and Araña't Baluarte of Gumaca. Beaches and springs[edit] To the north, the island of Balesin has become playground to the rich and famous. The exclusive island resort features seven uniquely themed resorts, providing its members the luxury of choosing to stay in differently themed villas.[49] Although quite far, Salibungot beach of Jomalig
Jomalig
is known to backpackers for its golden shores. Real on the other hand is becoming renown for surfing. Pulong Pasig in Calauag
Calauag
and Cagbalete Island of Mauban
Mauban
on the other hand are known for white beaches which become even more beautiful during low tide when the receding waters form ripples on the sand bar it leaves behind. In the south central portion of the province, the beaches of Guisguis in Sariaya
Sariaya
have long been considered a local destination. Several resorts including Villa del Prado Resort, Dalampasigan Beach Resort and the Montevista Beach Resort are some of the resorts in the area. For those looking for a hot spring, the Mainit Hot Spring in Tayabas is popular among locals Baroque Churches, Heritage Houses and others[edit]

Villa Sariaya

Quezon
Quezon
is home to heritage houses from the early 20th century built in the American architecture of the time such as the Enriquez-Gala Mansion, Gala-Rodriguez House and Villa Sariaya. Not only do these houses tell stories of the opulence afforded by coconut landlords but also gives us a glimpse of the uncertainty during wartime.[13] Some of these stunning buildings are considered endangered due to road widening plans within the poblacion that will destroy these cultural icons forever.[50] The Philippine country life is what the present Villa Escudero offers its guests. Featuring its famous waterfall restaurant, the plantation resort actually has deep historical roots tracing its origins back to the coconut growing industry of Quezon. Other Spanish-era structures also exist outside Sariaya
Sariaya
such as the Casa de Comunidad de Tayabas, Malagonlong bridge and the churches of Lucban
Lucban
and Tayabas
Tayabas
serve as testament to the history of the province. Mountains[edit] Mt. Banahaw is a pilgrimage site for some locals who believe the mountain to be holy. Although considered an active volcano, hiking has been popular with both religious pilgrims as well as hikers. There are two trails to the mountain, both originating from Barangay
Barangay
Kinabuhayan in the town of Dolores. The most frequently used trails are the Cristalino and Tatlong Tangke, taking an average of 9 and 5 hours, respectively but both converges at the volcano's summit. At the peak are viewpoints, labeled as Durungawan I, II, and III, which are the usual destination for pilgrims and hikers. However, due to pollution and trash left by these visitors, Mt. Banahaw was closed to the public until further notice. Food[edit] Quezon's food is richly influenced by the native ingredients found in the area like the coconut. As such, gata or coconut milk can be found in different dishes like ginataang suso(snail), sinugno, and pinais.[51] As the province is relatively near Bicol, some bicolano dishes like ginataang santol and laing are relatively common in the area. Unique dishes from Quezon
Quezon
include Pancit Habhab, Lucban Longganisa, Chami, Lomi and dishes made of a local ferm called Pako. Other famous food items include Broas, Budin, Bonete, Kalamay, Minukmok, Tikoy, Binayo, Maruya, Pinagong, Lambanog, Yema Cake and Sapinit products.[51][52] Indigenous Languages[edit] There are five indigenous languages in Quezon
Quezon
province. There are the dominant Tagalog language, the Manide language in the east and a small portion in the north, the Agta Dumagat Umiray language in the north and a small area in the center, the already-extinct Katabaga language which used to be in the south, and the endangered Ayta Kadi (Alabat Agta) language in Alabat island and some areas in the south. In 2010, UNESCO
UNESCO
released its 3rd world volume of Endangered Languages in the World, where 3 critically endangered languages were in the Philippines. One of these languages is the Alabat Island
Alabat Island
Agta language (recognized by the Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino as the Ayta Kadi language) which has an estimated speaker of 30 people in the year 2000. The language was classified as Critically Endangered, meaning the youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently and hardly pass the language to their children and grandchildren anymore. Without a municipality-wide teaching mechanism of the Ayta Kadi (Alabat Agta) language for the youth, the language may be extinct within 1-2 decades, making it a language in grave peril unless a teaching-mechanism is established by either the government or an educational institution in the municipality of Alabat.[53] Notable people[edit]

Manuel L. Quezon, the second President of the Philippines
Philippines
— Baler (now a part of Aurora) Tomas Morato, last municipal President and first Mayor of Calauag
Calauag
and Quezon
Quezon
City, First Representative of the 2nd District of Tayabas, Manuel L. Quezon's best friend — Calauag Hermano Pule, religious leader who founded and led the Cofradía de San José. — Lucban Vitaliano Aguirre, current Secretary of Justice — Mulanay Manoling Morato, former Chairman of the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office — Calauag Claro M. Recto, former Minority leader of the Senate of the Philippines, former Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court — Tiaong Rey Danseco, Sports Editor and WBC boxing judge — Calauag, Lopez, and Gumaca Aiza Seguerra, Filipino actress and singer — Calauag Raymundo Punongbayan, former director, PHIVOLCS
PHIVOLCS
— Calauag Mark Magsumbol, first Filipino player in 31-team American Basketball Association (ABA) — Calauag Agnes Devanadera, former Solicitor-General and Secretary of the Department of Justice — Sampaloc Lorenzo Tañada, former Senator — Gumaca Wigberto Tañada, former Liberal Party President and former senator — Gumaca Lorenzo Tañada
Lorenzo Tañada
III, Congressman, Liberal Party Spokesman — Gumaca Proceso Alcala, Secretary, Department of Agriculture — Lucena City Tommy Abuel, actor — Lucban Ana Capri, actress — Infanta Raimund Marasigan, musician (Eraserheads, Sandwich, Pedicab, Cambio) — Candelaria Romeo Vasquez, actor — Tayabas
Tayabas
City Edgar Mortiz, actor/director — Infanta Orlando Nadres, writer/screenwriter/director — Tayabas
Tayabas
City Angel Lagdameo, Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Jaro
Archdiocese of Jaro
and former President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines
Philippines
— Lucban Kris Psyche Resus, Miss Philippines
Philippines
Earth 2010 — Infanta Lily Monteverde, movie producer — Sariaya Alice Dixson, actress - Philippine Cinema — Guinayangan Chris Tsuper, Radio DJ of Love Radio
Love Radio
— Lucena City Gil M. Portes, a Filipino film director, film producer and screenwriter — Pagbilao Mau Marcelo, winner, Philippine Idol TV5 — Lucena Leo Oracion, First Filipino Mountaineer to successfully reach the Mt. Everest Summit — Lucban, Quezon Mac Baracael, a professional Filipino basketball player — Pagbilao, Quezon Pauline Mendoza, actress/model – Lucban, Quezon

Metro Lucena[edit] Metro Lucena has an estimated population of 700,000 which is mostly concentrated in the flat south-central portion of Quezon, which includes the cities of Lucena City and Tayabas
Tayabas
City and the municipalities of Sariaya, Candelaria, Lucban
Lucban
& Pagbilao. The people are often characterized as friendly and hardworking. It is the center of commerce and tourism in Quezon
Quezon
Province. References[edit]

^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Paz, Victor. Ragragio, Andrea. Medrana, Jack. "Preliminary Archaeological Survey of the Municipality of Catanauan, Bondoc Peninsula, Quezon
Quezon
Province". Catanauan
Catanauan
Site Reports. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "1,000-year-old village found in Philippines". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ a b c "History of Quezon
Quezon
Province". Provincial Government of Quezon. Retrieved 4 April 2016.  ^ a b Ramos, Lily O. (18 July 2012). " Quezon
Quezon
province's impressive historical and cultural heritage". Balita.ph. Retrieved 4 April 2016.  ^ a b "Aurora, Philippines
Philippines
- History". www.aurora.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ "The Archdiocese Archdiocese of Caceres". caceres-naga.org. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ a b Jose, Diocese of San. "Diocese of San Jose, Nueva Ecija
Nueva Ecija
- History". www.dioceseofsanjose.org. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ a b "Diocese of Lucena". www.cbcponline.net. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ "Full text of "Acts of the Philippine commission, no.1-1800"". archive.org. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Republic Act No. 14; An Act to Change the Name of the Province of Tayabas
Tayabas
to Quezon". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 6 January 2016.  ^ a b "The stunning, endangered heritage buildings of Sariaya". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Peter Paul Official Website - The Premier Manufacturer of Quality Coconut
Coconut
Products". www.peterpaul.com.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Republic Act No. 648 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Aurora, Which Shall Comprise the Municipalities of Baler, Casiguran, Dipaculao and Maria Aurora, Province of Quezon". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 14 June 1951. Retrieved 4 April 2016.  ^ "Batas Pambansa Blg. 7 - An Act Separating the Sub-Province of Aurora from the Province of Quezon
Quezon
and Establishing It as an Independent Province". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 4 April 2016.  ^ a b c d "G.R. No. 80796". www.lawphil.net. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ "An Act Amending the Administrative Code". Archived from the original on 2012-09-23. Retrieved 7 February 2017.  ^ "Province of Camarines Norte
Camarines Norte
vs Province of Quezon : 80796 : October 11, 2001 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc". sc.judiciary.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ "Republic Act No. 9495: An Act Creating the Province of Quezon
Quezon
del Sur". The LAWPHiL Project. September 7, 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ Jr., Delfin T. Mallari. "More legislative districts pushed in Quezon". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2017-02-06.  ^ a b c "Province: Quezon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b c "Provincial Government of Quezon". www.quezon.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-13.  ^ "Active Volcanoes". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2016.  ^ "Makiling-Banahaw". National Geothermal Association of the Philippines, Inc. (NGAP). Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ a b "State of Region's ENR". calabarzon.denr.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Forest Cover within CALABARZON". calabarzon.denr.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines
Philippines
and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Jr., Delfin T. Mallari. "Almost P200K worth of illegally cut coconut lumber seized in Quezon". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ Jr., Delfin T. Mallari. "War against coconut pest starts in Quezon province". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ a b "Provincial Commodity Investment Plan" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2017.  ^ Kilometer count tabulated from data for the 4 district engineering offices in Quezon
Quezon
in the 2015 Road Data by the Department of Public Works and Highways ^ "SOUTH LUZON EXPRESSWAY (SLEX) TOLL ROAD 4 (TR-4) Department of Public Works and Highways". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-06.  ^ "Manila- Quezon
Quezon
Expressway Department of Public Works and Highways". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-06.  ^ "QUEZON–BICOL EXPRESSWAY Department of Public Works and Highways". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-06.  ^ "Route Map". www.pnr.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ "BusinessWorld Pagbilao
Pagbilao
expansion seen operational in late 2017". www.bworldonline.com. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ " Quezon
Quezon
Power (Philippines), Limited Co". www.qpl.com.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Our Business MGen". www.meralcopowergen.com.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "news_quezon". www.lwua.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-17.  ^ Asian Development Bank (2010). "Water District Management Sector Project" (PDF). Subproject Appraisal Report: Quezon
Quezon
Metro Water District. 4.  ^ a b Jr., Delfin T. Mallari. "1 dead, 5 missing as flood hits MWSS tunnel in Quezon". newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ a b c Bello, John. "Local govts, residents reject construction of dam for power generation, Metro Manila
Metro Manila
water supply BusinessMirror". www.businessmirror.com.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ "The Pahiyas Festival - Lucban
Lucban
San Isidro Pahiyas Festival". Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Provincial Government of Quezon". www.quezon.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Katang Festival - Calauag
Calauag
Annual Foundation Celebration". Retrieved 2017-05-25.  ^ "Katang Festival - Calauag
Calauag
Foundation Celebration". Retrieved 2017-05-25.  ^ corporation, alphaland. "Balesin Island: Overview". www.balesin.com. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ "Heritage group protests DPWH road-widening project in Sariaya, Quezon". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2017-02-05.  ^ a b "The flavors of Quezon
Quezon
province". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ " Quezon
Quezon
delicacies". Retrieved 2017-02-07.  ^ http://www.unesco.org/languages-atlas/index.php

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Quezon
Quezon
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Quezon
Quezon
at OpenStreetMap Official website of Quezon
Quezon
province Local Governance Performance Management System

v t e

Province of Quezon

Lucena (capital)

Municipalities

Agdangan Alabat Atimonan Buenavista Burdeos Calauag Candelaria Catanauan Dolores General Luna General Nakar Guinayangan Gumaca Infanta Jomalig Lopez Lucban Macalelon Mauban Mulanay Padre Burgos Pagbilao Panukulan Patnanungan Perez Pitogo Plaridel Polillo Quezon Real Sampaloc San Andres San Antonio San Francisco San Narciso Sariaya Tagkawayan Tiaong Unisan

Component city

Tayabas

Highly urbanized city

Lucena (Administratively independent from the province but grouped under Quezon
Quezon
by the Philippine Statistics Authority.)

Articles related to Quezon

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CALABARZON (Region IV-A)

Southern Tagalog
Southern Tagalog
Mainland CAvite, LAguna, BAtangas, Rizal, QueZON

Regional Center

Calamba

Provinces

Batangas Cavite Laguna Quezon Rizal

Highly Urbanized Cities

Lucena

Component Cities

Antipolo Bacoor Batangas
Batangas
City Biñan Cabuyao Calamba Cavite
Cavite
City Dasmariñas General Trias Imus Lipa San Pablo San Pedro Santa Rosa Tagaytay Tanauan Tayabas Trece Martires

Provincial Capitals

Antipolo Batangas
Batangas
City Imus
Imus
(de jure) Lucena Santa Cruz Trece Martires
Trece Martires
(de facto)

Municipalities

Agdangan Agoncillo Alabat Alaminos Alfonso Alitagtag Amadeo Angono Atimonan Balayan Balete Baras Bauan Bay Binangonan Buenavista Burdeos Cainta Calaca Calatagan Calauag Calauan Candelaria Cardona Carmona Catanauan Cavinti Cuenca Dolores Famy General Emilio Aguinaldo General Luna General Mariano Alvarez General Nakar Guinayangan Gumaca Ibaan Indang Infanta Jalajala Jomalig Kalayaan Kawit Laurel Lemery Lian Liliw Lobo Lopez Los Baños Lucban Luisiana Lumban Mabini Mabitac Macalelon Magallanes Magdalena Majayjay Malvar Maragondon Mataasnakahoy Mauban Mendez Morong Mulanay Nagcarlan Naic Nasugbu Noveleta Padre Burgos Padre Garcia Paete Pagbilao Pagsanjan Pakil Pangil Panukulan Patnanungan Perez Pila Pililla Pitogo Plaridel Polillo Quezon Real Rizal Rodriguez Rosario (Batangas) Rosario (Cavite) Sampaloc San Andres San Antonio San Francisco San Jose San Juan San Luis San Mateo San Narciso San Nicolas San Pascual Santa Cruz Santa Maria Santa Teresita Santo Tomas Sariaya Silang Siniloan Taal Tagkawayan Talisay Tanay Tanza Taysan Taytay Teresa Ternate Tiaong Tingloy Tuy Unisan Victoria

Barangays

Batangas
Batangas
(List) Cavite
Cavite
(List) Laguna (List) Quezon
Quezon
(List) Rizal
Rizal
(List)

Luzon, Republic of the Philippines

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  Administrative divisions of the Philippines

Capital

Manila
Manila
(National Capital Region)

Island groups

Luzon Visayas Mindanao

Regions

Administrative

I – Ilocos Region II – Cagayan
Cagayan
Valley III – Central Luzon IV-A – Calabarzon Mimaropa
Mimaropa
– Southwestern Tagalog Region V – Bicol Region VI – Western Visayas VII – Central Visayas VIII – Eastern Visayas IX – Zamboanga Peninsula X – Northern Mindanao XI – Davao Region XII – Soccsksargen XIII – Caraga CAR – Cordillera Administrative Region NCR – National Capital Region

Autonomous

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

Provinces

Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu Compostela Valley Cotabato Davao del Norte Davao del Sur Davao Occidental Davao Oriental Dinagat Islands Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo Isabela Kalinga La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao Marinduque Masbate Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental Mountain Province Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Northern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-Tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Sibugay

Cities

List of cities in the Philippines

Municipalities

List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines

Barangays

Lists of barangays by province Poblacion

Other subdivisions

Puroks Sitios List of primary LGUs Legislative districts Metropolitan areas

Historical

Former provinces Formally proposed provinces Negros Island Region Southern Tagalog

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Philippines articles

History

Timeline

Prehistory (Pre-900) Archaic Era (900–1521) Colonial era (1521–1946)

Spanish period (1521–1898) American period (1898–1946)

Postcolonial era (1946–1986)

Third Republic (1946–65) Marcos dictatorship (1965–86)

Contemporary history (1986–present)

By topic

Archaeology Demographic Discoveries Economic history Inventions Military

Geography

Bays Biosphere reserves Climate Earthquakes Ecoregions Environmental issues Extreme points Island groups

islands

Lakes Landmarks Mountains National parks Protected areas Ramsar sites Rivers Volcanoes Wildlife World Heritage Sites

Politics

Government

Executive

President

Executive Office

Cabinet Civil service National Police

Legislature

Congress

Senate

Senate President President pro tem

House of Representatives

Speaker

Judiciary

Supreme Court Judiciary Court of Appeals

Law

Constitution Philippine legal codes Human rights

Intelligence

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Uniformed

Armed Forces of the Philippines

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Philippine Coast Guard

Administrative divisions Elections Foreign relations Political parties

Economy

Agriculture Business process outsourcing Central Bank Energy Fiscal policy National debt Labor Peso Stock Exchange Taxation Telecommunications Tourism Transportation Science and technology Water and Sanitation

Society

Corruption Crime Demographics Education Ethnic groups Health Income inequality Languages Poverty Provinces by HDI Refugees Religion Women

Culture

Architecture Art Cinema Cuisine Cultural Properties Dance Fashion and clothing Festivals Historical Markers Literature Media Music Mythology Public holidays Psychology Sexuality Sports Traditional games Value system

Symbols

Anthem Coat of arms Arnis Flag Name Narra Philippine eagle Sampaguita

Book Category Philippines
Philippines
portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 138428250 LCCN: n84160

.