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Qualcomm
Qualcomm
is an American multinational semiconductor and telecommunications equipment company that designs and markets wireless telecommunications products and services. It derives most of its revenue from chipmaking and the bulk of its profit from patent licensing businesses.[2] The company headquarters is located in San Diego, California, United States, and has 224 worldwide locations. The parent company is Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Incorporated (Qualcomm), which includes the Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Technology Licensing Division (QTL). Qualcomm's wholly owned subsidiary, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Technologies, Inc. (QTI), operates substantially all of Qualcomm's R&D activities, as well as its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business, Qualcomm CDMA
CDMA
Technologies.

Contents

1 History 2 Acquisitions 3 Mobile phone
Mobile phone
standards 4 Satellite phone
Satellite phone
network 5 Legal issues

5.1 Role in 3G

6 Products

6.1 Software

6.1.1 Management & Diagnostic tool

7 Services

7.1 QChat

7.1.1 Functionality 7.1.2 Sprint agreement

8 QuadRooter Security Issues 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit] Qualcomm
Qualcomm
was founded in 1985 by Cornell
Cornell
and MIT
MIT
alumnus and UC San Diego professor Irwin M. Jacobs, USC, MIT
MIT
alumnus Andrew Viterbi, Harvey White, Adelia Coffman, Andrew Cohen, Klein Gilhousen and Franklin Antonio. Jacobs and Viterbi had previously founded Linkabit. Qualcomm's first products and services included the OmniTRACS satellite locating and messaging service, used by long-haul trucking companies, developed from a product called Omninet owned by Izak Parviz Nazarian, Younes Nazarian, and Neil Kadisha, and specialized integrated circuits for digital radio communications such as a Viterbi decoder and now it is one of the leading processor makers for smartphone companies.[citation needed] In 1990, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
began the design of the first CDMA-based cellular base station, based on calculations derived from the CDMA-based OmniTRACS satellite system. This work began as a study contract from AirTouch
AirTouch
which had a shortage of cellular capacity in Los Angeles. Two years later, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
began to manufacture CDMA
CDMA
cell phones, base stations and chips. The initial base stations were not reliable and the technology was licensed wholly to Nortel
Nortel
in return for their work in improving the base station switching. The first CDMA
CDMA
technology was standardized as IS-95. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
has since helped to establish the CDMA2000, W CDMA
CDMA
and LTE cellular standards.[citation needed] The following year, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
acquired Eudora, an email client software for the PC that could be used with the OmniTRACS system. The acquisition associated a widely used email client with a company that was little-known at the time.[citation needed] In 1997, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
paid $18 million for the naming rights to the Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego, renaming it to Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Stadium. The naming rights expired in June 2017.[3] In 1999, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
sold its base station business to Ericsson, and later, sold its cell phone manufacturing business to Kyocera. The company was now focused on developing and licensing wireless technologies and selling ASICs that implement them.[citation needed] Steve Mollenkopf was promoted to president and chief operating officer of the company, effective November 12, 2011. Mollenkopf's appointment as CEO was announced on December 13, 2013 and took effect on March 4, 2014. He succeeded Paul E. Jacobs, who remains executive chairman.[4] CFO Bill Keitel retired and was replaced by Applied Materials
Applied Materials
CFO George Davis on March 11, 2013.[5] Vista Equity Partners took over the Omnitracs business from Qualcomm Incorporated in November 2013.[6] In October 2014, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
wrapped up a deal for chip maker CSR for a fee of $2.5 billion, beating its biggest rival Microchip Technology.[7] In November 2014, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
CEO Steve Mollenkopf announced at the company’s annual analyst day meeting held in New York City that the company is planning to target the data center market with new server chips based on the ARM architecture
ARM architecture
and plans to make them commercially available by the end of 2015.[citation needed] From 2012 to 2014, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
saw substantial revenue and profit growth as its Snapdragon System-on-Chip took market share from other competitors such as Texas Instruments' OMAP
OMAP
and Nvidia's Tegra
Tegra
to become the de facto standard for Android smartphones, and for a while Qualcomm's market capitalization surpassed that of Intel. However, surprised by the release of the 64-bit Apple A7
Apple A7
in September 2013, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
had to quickly come up with its own competing 64-bit chip. Qualcomm's resulting Snapdragon 810 and 808, which used generic ARM cores instead of their own custom-designed cores, were not well received due to overheating and performance problems, which led to large customers like Samsung
Samsung
opting to use their in-house Exynos processor instead. Furthermore, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
faced anti-trust investigations in China, the European Union, and the United States. These pressures caused a significant fall in Qualcomm's profits and stock price in 2015.[2][8][9][10][11] In July 2015, the company cut 4,700 jobs or about 15% of its 31,300 workforce due to decline of sales. Executive management knew this was coming, so they came up with a plan to retain its employees. However, instead of paying reasonable salary, executive management used this plan as a justification to give themselves a big payout first and then lay off employees later.[10] In December 2015, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Inc. announced that it had rejected calls to split in two, deciding to keep its chipmaking and patent licensing businesses together.[2] In April 2017, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
received approval from U.S. antitrust regulators for the acquisition of NXP for $47 billion.[12] On June 20, 2017, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
announced a strategic investment in Amionx, a Carlsbad company that has developed technology to prevent fires and explosions in lithium-ion batteries. The amount of the investment was not disclosed. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
President Derek Aberle will join Amionx's board of directors.[13] In November 2017, Broadcom
Broadcom
proposed an offer to buy Qualcomm.[14] At the time of the offer, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
was attempting to close a pending $38-billion acquisition of automotive chipmaker NXP Semiconductors.[15] In an official statement released on 13 November 2017, the Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Board of Directors unanimously rejected Broadcom's purchase offer.[16][17] In response to the rejected offer, Broadcom released an official statement expressing the company "remains fully committed to pursuing the deal".[18][19] On December 4, Broadcom nominated candidates for Qualcomm's board.[20] In March 2018, President Trump blocked the merger with an executive order that cited national security concerns.[21] In 2018, BYD selected Qualcomm
Qualcomm
for Integrated automotive infotainment and digital cluster platform in upcoming EVs.[22] The European Commission
European Commission
fined Qualcomm
Qualcomm
€997 million for abuse of dominant market position on January 24, 2018.[23] On March 16, 2018, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
removed executive chairman Paul Jacobs after he "broached a long-shot bid" for a buyout earlier that week.[24] Acquisitions[edit]

Date announced/ publicly reported Company Business Value References

000000001997-11-01-0000November 1997 Now Software Calendar and scheduling software Not disclosed [25]

000000002000-01-01-0000January 2000 SnapTrack Cell-phone tracking software $1 billion [26]

000000002001-03-01-0000March 2001 FleetAdvisor Fleet management software Not disclosed [27]

000000002004-09-01-0000September 2004 Iridigm Display Corporation Display technology $170 million [28]

000000002004-09-01-0000September 2004 Spike Technologies Semiconductor
Semiconductor
design services $19 million [29]

000000002004-10-01-0000October 2004 Trigenix Cell phone user interface tools and apps $36 million [30]

000000002005-08-01-0000August 2005 Elata Mobile content software $57 million [31][32]

000000002005-08-01-0000August 2005 Flarion Wireless Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access $600 million [32][33]

000000002006-01-01-0000January 2006 Barkana Wireless Inc. Radio frequency circuits $56 million [34]

000000002006-08-01-0000August 2006 Qualphone IP-based Multimedia Subsystems (IMS) $18 million [35]

000000002006-11-01-0000November 2006 nPhase machine-to-machine (M2M) software Not disclosed [36]

000000002006-12-01-0000December 2006 Airgo Networks Inc. Wi-fi networking Not disclosed [37]

000000002006-12-01-0000December 2006 Bluetooth
Bluetooth
assets of RFMD Bluetooth $39 million [38]

000000002007-11-01-0000November 2007 Firethorn Holdings Mobile banking services $210 million [39]

000000002007-12-01-0000December 2007 SoftMax Noise cancellation for mobile phones Not disclosed [40]

000000002008-03-01-0000March 2008 Xiam Technologies Ltd Content-targeting software $32 million [41]

000000002009-01-01-0000January 2009 AMD handset division Graphics and multimedia software $65 million [42]

000000002009-02-01-0000February 2009 Digital Fountain IPTV and mobile video Not disclosed [43]

000000002010-04-01-0000April 2010 Tapioca URL-linking Not disclosed [44]

000000002010-09-01-0000September 2010 WiPower Wireless charging pads for mobile devices Not disclosed [45][46]

000000002010-10-01-0000October 2010 iSkoot Software
Software
for social media feeds on mobile devices Not disclosed [47]

000000002010-09-01-0000September 2010 Sandbridge Technologies Software
Software
defined LTE multicore processor designs Estimated $55 million [48]

000000002011-01-01-0000January 2011 Atheros Wi-fi networking $3.1 billion [49]

000000002011-02-01-0000February 2011 Sylectus Wireless technologies for fleet management Not disclosed [50]

000000002011-05-01-0000May 2011 SolLink (50 million shares) Flat panel displays $40 million [51]

000000002011-06-01-0000June 2011 Rapid Bridge Configurable semiconductors (LiquidCell) Not disclosed [52]

000000002011-07-25-0000July 25, 2011 GestureTek (some assets) Gesture recognition software Not disclosed [53]

000000002011-09-01-0000September 2011 Bigfoot Networking Networking Not disclosed [54]

000000002011-09-01-0000September 2011 Integrated Device Technology (a division) Video IC design division $60 million [55]

000000002011-11-01-0000November 2011 HaloIPT Wireless charging for electric vehicles Not disclosed [56]

000000002011-12-01-0000December 2011 Pixtronix Inc. Fabless MEMS displays $175–$200 million [57]

000000002012-06-01-0000June 2012 Summit Microelectronics Programmable power integrated circuits Not disclosed [58]

000000002012-08-01-0000August 2012 DesignArt Networks Miniature Wi-Fi access points Not disclosed [59]

000000002012-11-01-0000November 2012 EPOS Development Ltd (some assets) ultrasound technologies for device input Not disclosed [60]

000000002013-05-01-0000May 2013 Orb Networks Streaming video software Not disclosed [61]

000000002014-05-01-0000May 2014 Wilocity WiGig semiconductor products Estimated $300 million [62]

000000002014-01-01-0000January 2014 HP Patents 2,400 patents related to Palm, iPaq and Bitfone Not disclosed [63][64]

000000002014-06-01-0000June 2014 Black Sand Technologies Inc. Power amplifier technology for wireless devices Not disclosed [65][66]

000000002014-09-01-0000September 2014 Stonestreet One LLC Bluetooth
Bluetooth
Protocol Stack provider Not disclosed [67]

September 2015 Ikanos Inc xDSL transceiver chipsets, network processors $47 million [68]

000000002015-10-01-0000October 2015 CSR plc. Bluetooth
Bluetooth
and WiFi for Automotive, Audio, and IoT $2.5 billion [7]

000000002016-10-01-0000October 2016 NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
N.V. Mixed Signal Semiconductor
Semiconductor
Products $47 billion [69]

000000002017-08-01-0000August 2017 Scyfer B.V. Machine Learning & Deep Learning Not disclosed [70]

Mobile phone
Mobile phone
standards[edit] Qualcomm
Qualcomm
pioneered the commercialization of the cdmaOne (IS-95) standard for wireless cellular communications, following up with CDMA2000, an early standard for third-generation (3G) mobile. Today, the company is the leading patent holder in advanced 3G mobile technologies, including CDMA2000
CDMA2000
1x EV-DO
EV-DO
and its evolutions; WCDMA[71] and its higher-speed variant known as HSPA and its evolutions; and TD-SCDMA; as well as patents on 4G. The license streams from the patents on these inventions, and related products, are a major component of Qualcomm's business. In June 2011, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
announced that it would release a set of application programming interfaces geared to give Web-based applications deeper links into hardware.[72] Satellite phone
Satellite phone
network[edit] Main article: Globalstar Beginning in 1991, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
participated in the development of the Globalstar
Globalstar
satellite system along with Loral Space & Communications. It uses a low Earth orbit (LEO) satellite constellation consisting of 44 active satellites. The system is used for voice telephony via hand-held satellite phones, asset tracking and data transfer using mobile satellite modems. The system was designed as a normal IS-95
IS-95
system, and used the satellite as a "bent pipe" or "repeater" to transfer cellular signals from the handset to the terrestrial base station. Unlike the Iridium system, which routes phone calls between satellites, the Globalstar
Globalstar
satellite must always be able to see both the handset and the base station to establish a connection, therefore, there is no coverage over the Earth's poles where there are no satellite orbits. There is also no coverage in locations where the large Globalstar
Globalstar
base stations are not in view (some locations in the south atlantic, for example.) Some of the Globalstar
Globalstar
hardware is manufactured by Qualcomm. Like other satellite phone networks Globalstar
Globalstar
went bankrupt in 1999, only to be bought up by a group of investors who are currently running the system. Legal issues[edit] In April 2006, a dispute between Reliance Communications and Qualcomm over royalty fees cost Qualcomm
Qualcomm
approximately $11.7b in market capitalization.[73] In July 2007, Reliance and Qualcomm
Qualcomm
decided to settle the matter and agreed to expand the use of CDMA
CDMA
technology in India.[74] In June 2007, the U.S. International Trade Commission
U.S. International Trade Commission
blocked the import of new cell phone models based on particular Qualcomm microchips. They found that these Qualcomm
Qualcomm
microchips infringe patents owned by Broadcom. Broadcom
Broadcom
has also initiated patent litigation in U.S. courts over this issue. At issue is software designed to extend battery life in chips while users make out-of-network calls. In October, an ITC administrative judge made an initial ruling that Qualcomm
Qualcomm
violated the Broadcom
Broadcom
patent covering that feature and the commission later affirmed the decision. Sprint Nextel
Sprint Nextel
Corp. is using a software patch from Qualcomm
Qualcomm
to get around a U.S. government agency ban on new phones with Qualcomm
Qualcomm
chips. In August 2007, Judge Rudi Brewster held that Qualcomm
Qualcomm
had engaged in litigation misconduct by withholding relevant documents during the lawsuit it brought against Broadcom
Broadcom
and that Qualcomm
Qualcomm
employees had lied about their involvement.[75][76] In July 2009, South Korea's antitrust watchdog fined Qualcomm
Qualcomm
a record Won260bn ($207m) for "unfair" business practices related to its chipset sales, sparking strong protests from the company. The Fair Trade Commission accused Qualcomm
Qualcomm
of abusing its dominant position in the Korean market for CDMA
CDMA
mobile phone chips by charging higher royalties on handset makers that bought modem chips from its competitors, while offering rebates to customers who bought products mainly from the US group, the regulator said in a statement.[77] In 2009, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
and Broadcom
Broadcom
entered into a settlement and multi-year patent agreement, ending all litigation between the companies.[78] In 2012, a federal probe was launched into the company’s compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which bars companies as well as individuals from bribing foreign officials to gain business.[79] In 2014, China's anti-monopoly regulator announced that Qualcomm
Qualcomm
was suspected of overcharging and abusing its market position. In February 2015, China moved to fine Qualcomm
Qualcomm
a record $975 million for tactics the government claimed hurt consumers.[80][81] On July 16, 2015, the European Commission
European Commission
announced that it had opened two antitrust investigations into Qualcomm's behavior in the field of baseband chipsets for consumer devices.[82][83] On January 24, 2018 the Commission announced a €997 million fine for paying Qualcomms key customer, Apple, to not use the chips of rivals. According to the Commission, the fine represented 4.9 percent of Qualcomms turnover in 2017. [84] In July 2016 a group of women filed a class-action gender discrimination lawsuit against Qualcomm, alleging that the firm discriminated against women in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics areas - a class of 3,400 employees. The suit was settled in August 2017. The firm agreed to pay $19.5 million. The plaintiff's law firm said the company will also "institute significant changes in its policies and practices to help eliminate gender disparities and foster equal employment opportunity going forward."[85] In January 2017, Apple announced a $1 billion lawsuit against Qualcomm for overcharging chips and failing to pay $1 billion in rebates.[86][87] Qualcomm
Qualcomm
however rejected the accusations, calling the claims "baseless".[88] A week before the Apple lawsuit, Qualcomm shares dropped as the FTC accused the company of excessive royalties for technologies that are "essential to industry standards."[89] Qualcomm
Qualcomm
was sued by a group of shareholders in the wake of the aforementioned FTC ruling and Apple lawsuit.[90] In March 2017, South Korea found out that Qualcomm
Qualcomm
prevented Samsung from selling their chips to other phone makers.[91] In January 2018, European Union hit Qualcomm
Qualcomm
by a fine of €997 million ($1.2 billion) for violating antitrust laws in a series of deals with Apple where US tech giant paid Apple to use its chips exclusively in its smartphones and tablets. [92] Role in 3G[edit] The current UMTS
UMTS
air interfaces are for the most part based on Qualcomm
Qualcomm
patents, and royalties from these patents represent a significant part of Qualcomm's revenue. This followed a series of patent-related lawsuits and antitrust complaints, spearheaded by Broadcom, in the US. In 2006, Broadcom started a series of patent-related lawsuits and antitrust complaints against Qualcomm
Qualcomm
to get what Broadcom
Broadcom
regarded fair terms for access to the W- CDMA
CDMA
technologies. Broadcom
Broadcom
was soon joined by Nokia
Nokia
and others, and complaints were also filed in the European Commission.[93] In 2007, the European Commission
European Commission
launched an inquiry into Qualcomm's possible abusing of its dominant position in the market for third-generation phones. The complaints were first lodged in 2005 by leading handset manufacturers Ericsson, Nokia, NEC, Panasonic
Panasonic
and Texas Instruments.[94] In October 2008, Nokia
Nokia
announced it will make a one-time payment of $2.29 billion (US) to Qualcomm
Qualcomm
as part of its patent agreement with the company.[95] The Chinese TDS CDMA
CDMA
3G technology was developed primarily to avoid Qualcomm
Qualcomm
licensing fees, although Qualcomm
Qualcomm
claims that the Chinese technology still infringes on many Qualcomm
Qualcomm
patents. Products[edit]

Qualcomm
Qualcomm
dual-band mobile phone

Semiconductors - Qualcomm
Qualcomm
designs various ARM architecture-based CDMA, UMTS
UMTS
and LTE modem chipsets and SoC products under the Snapdragon brand. These chipsets are sold to mobile phone manufacturers such as Kyocera, HTC, Motorola
Motorola
Mobility, Sharp, Sanyo, LG Electronics, Microsoft, Sony, Xiaomi
Xiaomi
and Samsung
Samsung
for integration into cell phones. Although a "fabless" semiconductor company, meaning Qualcomm
Qualcomm
does not engage in the actual manufacturing process, the chips the firm has designed are powering a significant number of handsets and devices worldwide, both in CDMA
CDMA
and UMTS
UMTS
markets. As of summer of 2007, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
is among the top-ten semiconductor firms, after Intel, Texas Instruments, Samsung
Samsung
and a few others. Qualcomm VR 820 VR headset - anticipated in Q4 2016:

custom-designed 64-bit Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Kryo quad-core CPU Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Adreno 530 GPU 1440×1440 resolution per eye AMOLED panel that supports up to 70 Hz

Processors - In 2015 Qualcomm
Qualcomm
announced that it was going to enter the enterprise server market, with its Centriq chipsets based on the Falkor CPU. Development began in early 2016, with availability slated for the same year. Tracking devices - OmniTRACS is a two-way satellite communications and geolocation trailer tracking technology designed for the over-the-road transport market. As of April 2012, approximately 1.5 million units have been shipped to businesses in 39 countries on 4 continents. Satellite phones - Qualcomm
Qualcomm
manufactures some of the handsets used on the Globalstar
Globalstar
network. MediaFLO
MediaFLO
- Qualcomm
Qualcomm
is the inventor of the MediaFLO
MediaFLO
system, based upon OFDM, which transmits 12-15 television channels within 6 MHz of spectrum. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
has standardized the lower layers of this design in TIA, and manufactures chips and software to add this television capability to cellphones. QChat
QChat
- QChat
QChat
is a cellular/data 2-way push-to-talk voice communications program. Nextel's original push-to-talk technology operates on the iDen network, but Qualcomm's Qchat push-to-talk operates on the Evolution-Data Optimized
Evolution-Data Optimized
Revision A ( EV-DO
EV-DO
Rev. A) mobile broadband network. Sprint-Nextel's first Qchat phones were released in June 2008. Both iDen and Qchat handsets are sold under the Nextel brand. On November 29, 2009 Sprint issued a statement to PhoneNews.com that there are no new QChat
QChat
handsets on the product development roadmap, but it will continue supporting its existing QChat
QChat
subscribers. Qualcomm Gobi - Qualcomm Gobi is a mobile broadband chipset used mainly for cellular data networking and it is also now used in a few enterprise smart phones (e.g. Motorola
Motorola
ES400). It currently is a 3G technology capable up to HSPA on GSM
GSM
and EV-DO
EV-DO
Rev. A on CDMA carriers. The Gobi chipset is a microprocessor that can load a specific carrier image so that the device appears to be specifically designed for that carrier's network. Since GSM
GSM
and CDMA
CDMA
are quite different, and since Gobi devices can switch between them both using the same silicon, their solution is considered to be innovative. Gobi Technology is best suited for large enterprise customers where a single mobile operator cannot serve all of their wireless modem needs since there is not one carrier that provides the same level of service in all the places they need that service. The Gobi solution allows the IT department to roll out a single module on their laptop builds which can be configured to behave exactly like a device that is locked to the carrier that they want to use in that area. In the United States exactly the same hardware can be used on the CDMA
CDMA
network or the GSM network of their choice. For GSM
GSM
users that travel out of the United States the Gobi solution can be used to avoid international roaming charges by switching the SIM and the device's carrier image to a local provider instead of incurring the roaming charges. In both scenarios the customer must have different wireless accounts with each provider they wish to use natively. It typically takes 20 seconds for the device to load the carrier image into NVRAM and reset and come back online. Gobi 3000 is the next hardware revision of the Gobi platform and it natively supports HSPA+. The model for Gobi 3000 is different. It is a reference design the OEMs can license and produce their own Gobi 3000 compliant modules with their own extensions. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
does not sell any Gobi 3000 silicon. The reference design allows the same boilerplate hardware and software components for the basis of OEM chips which allow the OEMs to focus on innovations on the mobile broadband platform rather than getting bogged down with low-level RF implementations. Currently, Gobi platforms supported LTE natively. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
re-branded its Gobi modem products under the Snapdragon X-series branding in December 2014. Mirasol displays - Mirasol displays are the world's first and only reflective, bistable display based on IMOD technology. Qualcomm's mirasol displays use ambient light as their source of illumination and consume almost no power when the image is unchanged. This results in a very low power display solution that is visible even in direct sunlight. HALO - A standard for Wirelessly charging vehicles with relatively high efficiency[96] using Resonant inductive coupling.[97] created from more than 10 years of research at Auckland University[98][99][100]

Software[edit]

Operating system - BREW (Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless) is a proprietary cell phone application platform. BREW is designed so that the platform rejects unsigned applications. In order to have an application signed, a developer must pay a testing fee to National Software
Software
Testing Laboratories (NSTL), which then can approve or deny the request. This allows carriers to maintain control over the applications that run on their customers' phones. BitPim
BitPim
is a popular open source program which can access the embedded filesystem on phones using Qualcomm
Qualcomm
MSMs via a cable or Bluetooth. It should be pointed out that signing systems are also used in Apple iOS, Java ME, and signing is often required by carriers and OEMs. Speech codec - Qualcomm
Qualcomm
has developed an audio codec for speech called PureVoice,[101] which, besides use on mobile phones, was also licensed for use in the very popular Chinese instant messaging software Tencent QQ.[102] FEC codec - After its acquisition of Fremont-based Digital Fountain in 2009, Qualcomm
Qualcomm
developed the latest generation of Raptor codes called RaptorQ.[103] Eudora client - Qualcomm
Qualcomm
formerly developed and distributed Eudora, which it acquired in 1991 from its author Steve Dorner. Qualcomm ceased sales of Eudora on May 1, 2007.[104] Qualcomm
Qualcomm
committed to co-operate with Mozilla
Mozilla
developers to develop a Eudora-like version of Thunderbird, called Project Penelope,[105] later rebranded Eudora OSE, that the Mozilla
Mozilla
project declared dead on June 28, 2013, stating that Qualcomm
Qualcomm
has no plans to update or support it.[106] Eudora servers - Qualcomm
Qualcomm
formerly developed and sold email servers for multiple platforms, including WorldMail for Windows and EIMS (Eudora Internet Mail Server) for Macintosh. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
no longer sells these products. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
continues to maintain and distribute the popular open-source Qpopper for Unix and Linux.

Management & Diagnostic tool[edit]

QPST ( Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Product Support Tool), QXDM ( Qualcomm
Qualcomm
eXtensible Diagnostic Monitor) — official tool for management (QPST) and diagnostic (QXDM) Qualcomm
Qualcomm
based devices, SCDM (SmallCell Diagnostics Monitor)

Services[edit] QChat[edit] QChat
QChat
is a push-to-talk (PTT) technology. The QChat
QChat
software application was developed by Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Internet Services (QIS)[107] a division of Qualcomm
Qualcomm
and part of the Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Wireless and Internet group.[108] QIS offers a set of software products and content enablement services to support and accelerate the growth of the wireless data market.[108] Qualcomm
Qualcomm
developed QChat
QChat
to provide a reliable method of instant connection and two-way communication between users in different locations, but operating within the same type of network architecture. Prior to the existence of cellular and personal communications services networks, this type of communication was limited to private Land Mobile Radio System (LMR) technology used by public safety and utility service agencies.[citation needed] LMR has limitations, specifically its usage can be restricted by geographic coverage area and by use of disparate frequency bands.[citation needed] QChat, an application developed for the BREW platform, is a PTT communication technology for 3G networks. QChat
QChat
handsets and server software allow users to connect instantaneously with other QChat
QChat
users anywhere in the world with the push of a button. In addition, QChat enables one-to-one (private) and one-to-many (group) calls over the 3G networks.[109] QChat
QChat
uses standard Voice over Internet Protocol
Voice over Internet Protocol
(VoIP) technologies. VoIP is a voice delivery mechanism that uses the Internet Protocol to manage the delivery of voice information. Voice information is sent in digital form over IP-based data networks (including CDMA) in discrete packets rather than traditional circuit-switched protocols such those used in the public switched telephone network (PSTN). Functionality[edit] QChat
QChat
users on 3G wireless devices can connect to each other worldwide, in either private or group calls, with the push of a button. QChat
QChat
uses Voice over Internet Protocol
Voice over Internet Protocol
(VoIP) technologies to allow subscribers to communicate by using a PTT button on the handset instead of making a standard cellular call. QChat
QChat
calls are created by combining separate point-to-point connections between each IP endpoint; the process is managed by the QChat
QChat
Applications Server, which is deployed on the carrier's IP-based Wide Area Network
Wide Area Network
(WAN). To initiate a call, a user presses the PTT button and receives an immediate indication of whether the call recipient is available. If he or she is, the caller can begin speaking immediately. If the recipient is unavailable, the caller will simply hear a negative response tone instead of a busy signal or voicemail.[109] Sprint agreement[edit] On October 16, 2006, Sprint Nextel
Sprint Nextel
announced an agreement with Qualcomm
Qualcomm
to use QChat
QChat
to provide high performance push-to-talk services to its customers on the Nationwide Sprint PCS Network, using CDMA2000
CDMA2000
1x EV-DO
EV-DO
Revision A technology. QChat
QChat
is able to inter-operate with iDEN push-to-talk handsets on the Nextel National Network.[110] Sprint's phones supporting QChat
QChat
technology were released starting in April 2008, with a trial of business customers in Kansas and Colorado. Sprint then announced that the Nextel Direct Connect devices powered by QChat
QChat
were available in more than 40 markets in June 2008. Supported models included:[111]

Sanyo
Sanyo
Pro 200 (Discontinued) Sanyo
Sanyo
Pro 700 (Discontinued) LG LX400 (Discontinued) Motorola
Motorola
V950 (Discontinued) Samsung
Samsung
Z400 (Discontinued) Samsung
Samsung
Z700 (Discontinued)

QuadRooter Security Issues[edit] In August 2016, the computer security company Check Point
Check Point
found several serious security problems on Qualcomm
Qualcomm
chips.[112] The bug called Quadrooter has the ability to let hackers read all information on Android phones. Even worse, hackers can have full access if the affected user installs an app that exploits one of the vulnerabilities. According to Check Point
Check Point
this affects 900 million Android users. Affected phones include some of the most recent Android phones. Check Point
Check Point
has published a scan tool for Android users and BlackBerry is developing a repair tool. Qualcomm
Qualcomm
has released fixes for all four issues, three of which had been included in the Android updates for the top Google
Google
phones at the time of publication of the bug.[113] See also[edit]

San Diego
San Diego
portal Companies portal

Qualcomm Snapdragon
Qualcomm Snapdragon
LTE modem DTRACS Integrated Digital Enhanced Network
Integrated Digital Enhanced Network
(iDEN) Smartbook

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f " Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Inc. 2017 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. November 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2018.  ^ a b c Ian King, Bloomberg Business. “ Qualcomm
Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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European Commission
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Qualcomm
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Qualcomm
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Further reading[edit]

Mock, Dave (February 28, 2005). The Qualcomm
Qualcomm
Equation. American Management Association. ISBN 0-8144-0818-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Qualcomm.

Official website

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Google
Finance Yahoo! Finance Reuters SEC filings

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Software
Software
companies

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CSR plc
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Qualcomm
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Mobile Platforms) Synaptics Texas Instruments

Handset makers

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Motorola
Mobility NEC
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Corporation Samsung
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Electronics Sharp Corporation Sony
Sony
Mobile Toshiba ZTE

Commercialization companies

Accenture Borqs Sasken Communication Technologies Teleca The Astonishing Tribe Wind River Systems Wipro Technologies

See also

Android Dalvik virtual machine Google
Google
Nexus T-Mobile
T-Mobile
G1

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Companies of the NASDAQ-100
NASDAQ-100
index

21st Century Fox Activision Blizzard Adobe Systems Alexion Pharmaceuticals Align Technology Alphabet Amazon.com American Airlines Group Amgen Analog Devices Apple Applied Materials ASML Holding Autodesk Automatic Data Processing Baidu Biogen BioMarin Pharmaceutical Booking Holdings Broadcom
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Avaya Cisco Systems Ericsson Fujitsu Hewlett Packard Enterprise Huawei Juniper Networks Motorola
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See also Largest IT companies Category: Networking hardware companies

v t e

Major semiconductor companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion

ASE Group Fujitsu Infineon Technologies Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc. Intel NXP Semiconductors
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Fabless

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Memory

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Samsung
Foundry SMIC

Equipment

ASML Applied Materials KLA-Tencor Lam Research Tokyo Electron

See also Largest IT companies Semiconductor
Semiconductor
industry Category: Semiconductor
Semiconductor
companies

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