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The Prime Minister of Turkey
Turkey
(Turkish: Başbakan) is the head of government of Turkey. The prime minister is the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The current holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım
Binali Yıldırım
of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016. The vote to transform the nation to a presidential system in the constitutional referendum of 2017 means the office will be abolished after the next general election.

Contents

1 History 2 List of Prime Ministers 3 Living former Prime Ministers 4 Longest track records 5 Timeline 6 See also 7 External links

History[edit] In the Ottoman Empire, the prime minister of the Ottoman sultan
Ottoman sultan
held the title of Grand Vizier (Turkish: Sadrazam). After the Tanzimat period in the 19th century, the grand viziers came to assume a role more like that of the prime ministers of contemporary Western European monarchies. Later, with the Ottoman constitution of 1876, a parliament was established to oversee the prime minister, and the prime minister formed a cabinet. With the amendments to the constitution during the Second Constitutional Era, the prime minister was made answerable to the parliament rather than the sultan. Finally, with the declaration of republic in 1923, the appointer of the prime minister became the president, instead of the sultan. List of Prime Ministers[edit] Main article: List of Prime Ministers of Turkey Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

Prime Minister Born

Yıldırım Akbulut (1935-11-15) November 15, 1935 (age 82)

Tansu Çiller (1946-05-24) May 24, 1946 (age 71)

Mesut Yılmaz (1947-11-06) November 6, 1947 (age 70)

Abdullah Gül (1949-10-29) October 29, 1949 (age 68)

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (1954-02-26) February 26, 1954 (age 64)

Ahmet Davutoğlu (1959-02-26) February 26, 1959 (age 59)

Longest track records[edit]

Name Number of days Remarks

İsmet İnönü 1 year, 20 days + 12 years, 205 days + 3 years, 93 days = 16 years and 318 days The first two periods were in the single-party period; formed 10 cabinets.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 11 years, 167 days Formed three cabinets.

Süleyman Demirel 5 years, 150 days + 2 years, 82 days + 168 days + 305 days + 1 year, 177 days = 10 years and 152 days Formed seven cabinets.

Adnan Menderes 10 years, 5 days Formed five cabinets.

Turgut Özal 5 years, 322 days Formed two cabinets.

Bülent Ecevit 296 days + 20 days + 1 year, 311 days + 3 years, 311 days = 5 years and 208 days Formed five cabinets.

Timeline[edit]

See also[edit]

Air transports of heads of state and government Official state car List of Prime Ministers of Turkey President of Turkey List of Presidents of Turkey Constitution of Turkey

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prime ministers of Turkey.

The Prime Minister's Office Official Turkish Constitution https://twitter.com/TC_Basbakan

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Turkey articles

History

Pre-Turkish era

Prehistory of Anatolia
Prehistory of Anatolia
& Thrace Classical Anatolia
Classical Anatolia
& Thrace Neo-Assyrian Empire Byzantine Anatolia

Seljuq era

Sultanate of Rum Mongol invasions of Anatolia Ilkhanate

Ottoman era

Osman's Dream Rise

Interregnum Conquest of Constantinople

Classical Age Transformation

Sultanate of Women Köprülü era

Old Regime

Tulip period

Decline and modernization

Tanzimat First Constitutional Era

Defeat and dissolution

Second Constitutional Era Partition

Republican era

War of Independence One-party period Multi-party period

By topic

Ancient Anatolians Constitutional Economic Military Thracians Timeline of Turkish history Turkic migration

Geography

Capes Cities Districts Earthquakes Environmental issues Gulfs and bays Islands Lakes Metropolitan municipalities Mountains Peninsulas Provinces Regions Rivers

Places

Anatolia Thrace (Eastern) Turkish Riviera Çukurova

Politics

Cabinet Elections Foreign relations Military Parliament President Prime Minister

Legal system

Constitution Constitutional Court Law enforcement Official gazette

Controversies

Deep state Conspiracy theories in Turkey EU accession Kemalism Neo-Ottomanism Ottomanism Political parties Secularism Northern Syria Security Belt Northern Cyprus

Economy

Banks

central bank

Borsa Istanbul
Borsa Istanbul
(stock exchange) Companies EU Customs Union Industries Lira (currency) Southeastern Anatolia
Anatolia
Project Tourism Transport

aviation railways

Rankings

Society

Crime Education Languages

Turkish

Culture

Architecture

Ottoman architecture

Art Cinema Cuisine

wine

Dance Drama (TV) Festivals Folklore Human rights

LGBT

Literature Media

newspapers radio stations TV

Music Names Public holidays Religion

Islam

Smoking Sport Theatre

Demographics

Turkish people

list

Population

diaspora immigration Muhacir

Minorities

Arabs Armenians Bosniaks Circassians Kurds

Symbols

Anthem Emblem Flag Motto Presidential seal

Outline Index

Book Category Portal

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Ministries of Turkey

Prime Ministry (list) Deputy Prime Ministries (list)

Ministries

Culture and Tourism (list) Customs and Trade Development Economic Affairs Energy and Natural Resources Environment and Urban Planning EU Affairs and Chief Negotiator Family and Social Policy Finance (list) Food, Agriculture and Livestock Foreign Affairs (list) Forest and Water Management Health Interior (list) Justice Labour and Social Security National Defence (list) National Education (list) Science, Industry and Technology Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication (list) Youth and Sports

Offices

Foreign Affairs EU Affairs and Chief Negotiator

Defunct

Construction and Settlement Coordination Customs and Monopol Enterprises General Staff Local Governments Navy Sharia and the Foundations Village Affairs

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Prime Minister of Turkey

Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Fevzi Çakmak Rauf Orbay Fethi Okyar

Republic of Turkey (since 1923)

İsmet İnönü Fethi Okyar İsmet İnönü Celâl Bayar Refik Saydam Ahmet Fikri Tüzer Şükrü Saracoğlu Recep Peker Hasan Saka Şemsettin Günaltay Adnan Menderes Cemal Gürsel Fahri Özdilek İsmet İnönü Suat Hayri Ürgüplü Süleyman Demirel Nihat Erim Ferit Melen Naim Talu Bülent Ecevit Sadi Irmak Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ulusu Turgut Özal Ali Bozer Yıldırım Akbulut Mesut Yılmaz Süleyman Demirel Erdal İnönü Tansu Çiller Mesut Yılmaz Necmettin Erbakan Mesut Yılmaz Bülent Ecevit Abdullah Gül Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Ahmet Davutoğlu Binali Yıldırım

Italics denote acting prime ministers.

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Heads of state and government of Europe

Heads of state

UN members   and observers

Albania Andorra Armenia1 Austria Azerbaijan1 Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus1 Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia1 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan1 Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation1 San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Sovereign Military Order of Malta Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

Partially recognised2

Abkhazia1 Kosovo Northern Cyprus1 South Ossetia1

Unrecognised states3

Artsakh1 Transnistria

Former countries

Czechoslovakia East Germany Serbia and Montenegro Soviet Union1 Yugoslavia

Heads of government

UN members   and observers

Albania Andorra Armenia1 Austria Azerbaijan1 Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus1 Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia1 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan1 Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation1 San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Sovereign Military Order of Malta Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

Partially recognised2

Abkhazia1 Kosovo Northern Cyprus1 South Ossetia1

Unrecognised states3

Artsakh1 Transnistria

Former countries

Czechoslovakia East Germany Serbia and Montenegro Soviet Union1 Yugoslavia

1. Partially or entirely in Asia, depending on geographical definition. 2. Recognised by at least one United Nations member. 3. Not recognised by any United Nations members.

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Prime minister

Prime Ministers by country

Abkhazia Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Antigua and Barbuda Armenia Artsakh Aruba Australia Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Bermuda Bhutan Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Croatia Cuba Curaçao Northern Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica East Timor Egypt Equatorial Guinea Estonia Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France Ghana Georgia Greece Greenland Grenada Guinea Guyana Haiti Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya North Korea South Korea Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Myanmar (Burma) Nagorno-Karabakh Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niue Norway Pakistan Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa São Tomé and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Singapore Sint Maarten Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Ossetia Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Swaziland Sweden Syria Taiwan (Republic of China) Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkmenistan Turkey Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Yemen Western Saha

.