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PRESTATYN /prɛˈstætɪn/ is a seaside resort , town and community in Denbighshire , Wales
Wales
. Historically a part of Flintshire , it is located on the Irish Sea
Irish Sea
coast, to the east of Rhyl
Rhyl
. At the 2001 Census , Prestatyn
Prestatyn
had a population of 18,496, that increased to 18,849 at the 2011 census.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Prehistory * 1.2 Roman * 1.3 Medieval * 1.4 19th century to present

* 2 Facilities and attractions * 3 Politics * 4 Transport * 5 Notable people

* 6 Annual events

* 6.1 Flower Show * 6.2 Carnival

* 7 Cultural references * 8 Sport * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

PREHISTORY

There is evidence that the current town location has been occupied since prehistoric times. Prehistoric
Prehistoric
tools found in the caves of Graig Fawr , in the nearby village of Meliden , have revealed the existence of early human habitation in the area.

ROMAN

The Roman bathhouse is believed to be part of a fort on the road from Chester
Chester
to Caernarfon
Caernarfon
. However, much of "Roman Prestatyn" has been destroyed as houses have been built over unexcavated land.

MEDIEVAL

The name Prestatyn
Prestatyn
derives from the Old English
Old English
preosta ("priest") and tun ("town"), and was recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Prestetone. Unlike similarly derived names in England, which generally lost their penultimate syllable and became Preston , this village's name developed a typically Welsh emphasis on the penultimate syllable and a modification of "ton" to "tyn", as also happened at Mostyn . Although the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
only extended to demesnes in England, Prestatyn
Prestatyn
was included since it was at that time under English control.

An earth mound, visible in fields to the east of the railway station, beyond Nant Hall, marks the site of an early wooden Prestatyn
Prestatyn
castle , probably built by the Norman Robert de Banastre about 1157, which was destroyed by the Welsh under Owain Gwynedd
Owain Gwynedd
in 1167. The Banastre family then moved to Bank Hall in Lancashire
Lancashire
.

The town appears to have been primarily a fishing village for hundreds of years. The beginning and end of High Street today mark the location of two 'maenolau ' (or manor houses ) called Pendre (translated as "end of" or "top of town") and Penisadre ("lower end of town").

19TH CENTURY TO PRESENT

The town's population remained at less than 1,000 until the arrival of the railways and the holidaymakers in the 19th and 20th centuries. "Sunny Prestatyn" became famous for its beach, clean seas and promenade entertainers, and visiting for a bathe was considered very healthy by city-dwelling Victorians . During the Second World War
Second World War
the holiday camps were used as billets for British soldiers, many of whom were also sent to live with locals.

Prestatyn
Prestatyn
was the home of the first UK Kwik Save supermarket in 1965; Prestatyn
Prestatyn
was also the home of the firm's business headquarters. The Kwik Save store was renamed Somerfield following a takeover in 2007, and was finally demolished in 2008 when surrounding land was bought by Tesco
Tesco
.

The North Hoyle Offshore Wind Farm was opened in 2003. Situated in Liverpool Bay
Liverpool Bay
, 5 miles (8 km) off the coast of Prestatyn, it was the UK's first major offshore wind farm. It has 30 wind turbines with a combined maximum capacity of 60 megawatts - enough to power 40,000 homes if it was sustained.

FACILITIES AND ATTRACTIONS

Although Prestatyn
Prestatyn
remains a tourist destination and resort town , the town is diversifying in response to the decline of the British seaside holiday. The NHS is planning to open an elderly care facility in the town to serve north Denbighshire, and the opening of big name shops and supermarkets looks set to increase the town's status as a shopping centre. Merlin Cinemas have taken over the Scala cinema, a digital cinema with films, exhibition and theatre venues.

Work is under way on the revival of the Ffrith Beach Festival Gardens. After a troubled few years when the seafront site has lain deserted, attractions are planned, such as tenpin bowling , quad bikes, dance studio and yoghurt bar.

The town is at the northern end of the Offa\'s Dyke Path , although not on Offa\'s Dyke itself. It also marks the eastern end of the North Wales
Wales
Path , a long-distance coastal route to Bangor , and the western end of the Clwydian Way . Other attractions include the remains of Roman baths and the nearby Neolithic
Neolithic
mound, the Gop .

Pontin\'s Holiday Centre was the location for a 1973 film of the popular British TV series, On the Buses
On the Buses
.

POLITICS

The town was in the Delyn parliamentary constituency from 1983 to 1997, since when it has been in Vale of Clwyd .

TRANSPORT

Prestatyn railway station is on the North Wales
Wales
Coast Line which connects the town with Holyhead to the west and Chester
Chester
to the east. Bus services are provided by Arriva Buses Wales
Wales
.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

See Category:People from Prestatyn
Prestatyn

Notable people from the town include Harold Bird-Wilson , Neil Aspinall , Peggy Cummins , John Prescott
John Prescott
, Mike Peters ( The Alarm ), Carol Vorderman
Carol Vorderman
, Karl Wallinger (of the band World Party ), author Emyr Humphreys and the leading ornithologist Jonathan Elphick . Shrewsbury Town F.C.
Shrewsbury Town F.C.
goalkeeper coach Danny Coyne was born in Prestatyn.

ANNUAL EVENTS

FLOWER SHOW

Prestatyn
Prestatyn
Flower Show is an annual event held in Prestatyn
Prestatyn
town centre on the last Friday and Saturday of July. The flower show has traditionally been held within the grounds of Cerrig Llwydion, High Street, Prestatyn, which was formerly a vicarage. The event also includes a small display of classic cars and vintage motorcycles on the Saturday.

CARNIVAL

Prestatyn
Prestatyn
Carnival is an annual summer event in the town, and features field events, competitions and a procession. Each year, thousands take part in the festivities. The carnival celebrated its diamond jubilee in 2011.

The traditional Carnival Parade takes place on the Saturday, and is followed by a Carnival Baby Competition later in the day. In 2008 the carnival became a two-day event, with the Sunday designated "Fun on the Field" day, with many events including a talent show and dance competition. In 2011 the event reverted to its original one–day format.

In 2008, Prestatyn
Prestatyn
Carnival Association revived the Miss Prestatyn title.

CULTURAL REFERENCES

Philip Larkin
Philip Larkin
wrote a poem entitled Sunny Prestatyn
Prestatyn
. In it he describes a poster advertising the resort that is progressively defaced by vulgar graffiti. Roddy Frame and Jeremy Stacey wrote most of Aztec Camera 's 1995 album Frestonia during a three-week retreat at the Sands Hotel in Prestatyn. Frame later blamed the overcast and grim weather conditions there for the album's melancholy and gloomy tone.

The town also appears in The Royle Family 2009 Christmas special "The Golden Egg Cup", in which the family visits Prestatyn
Prestatyn
to celebrate Jim and Barb's fiftieth wedding anniversary.

SPORT

Local football side Prestatyn