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Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche
Porsche
AG, usually shortened to Porsche
Porsche
AG (German pronunciation: [ˈpɔʁʃə] ( listen)), is a German automobile manufacturer specializing in high-performance sports cars, SUVs
SUVs
and sedans. Porsche
Porsche
AG is headquartered in Stuttgart, and is owned by Volkswagen
Volkswagen
AG, which is itself majority-owned by Porsche Automobil Holding SE. Porsche's current lineup includes the 718 Boxster/Cayman, 911, 918 Panamera, Macan and Cayenne.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origin 1.2 Company logo 1.3 Developments 1.4 Relationship with Volkswagen 1.5 Corporate restructuring 1.6 Subsidiaries

2 Production and sales

2.1 Production composition

2.1.1 North American sales

3 Models

3.1 Consumer models 3.2 Racing models 3.3 Prototypes and concept cars 3.4 Tractors 3.5 Hybrid and electric vehicles 3.6 Aircraft engines

4 Motorsport 5 Pronunciation 6 Reputation 7 Reliability

7.1 SUV
SUV
reception

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History Origin Ferdinand Porsche
Ferdinand Porsche
founded the company called "Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche
Porsche
GmbH" in 1931,[3] with main offices at Kronenstraße 24 in the centre of Stuttgart.[4] Initially, the company offered motor vehicle development work and consulting,[3] but did not build any cars under its own name. One of the first assignments the new company received was from the German government to design a car for the people, that is a "Volkswagen".[3] This resulted in the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Beetle, one of the most successful car designs of all time.[5] The Porsche 64
Porsche 64
was developed in 1939 using many components from the Beetle.[3]

Porsche's tank prototype, the " Porsche
Porsche
Tiger", that lost to Henschel & Son's Tiger I.

Panzerjäger Elefant, after the loss of the contract to the Tiger I Porsche
Porsche
recycled his design into a tank destroyer.

During World War II,[6] Volkswagen
Volkswagen
production turned to the military version of the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Beetle, the Kübelwagen,[6] 52,000 produced, and Schwimmwagen,[6] 15,584 produced.[7] Porsche
Porsche
produced several designs for heavy tanks during the war, losing out to Henschel & Son in both contracts that ultimately led to the Tiger I
Tiger I
and the Tiger II. However, not all this work was wasted, as the chassis Porsche designed for the Tiger I
Tiger I
was used as the base for the Elefant
Elefant
tank destroyer. Porsche
Porsche
also developed the Maus super-heavy tank in the closing stages of the war, producing two prototypes.[8] At the end of World War II
World War II
in 1945, the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
factory at KdF-Stadt
KdF-Stadt
fell to the British. Ferdinand lost his position as Chairman of the Board of Management of Volkswagen, and Ivan Hirst, a British Army Major, was put in charge of the factory. (In Wolfsburg, the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
company magazine dubbed him "The British Major who saved Volkswagen".)[9] On 15 December of that year, Ferdinand was arrested for war crimes, but not tried. During his 20-month imprisonment, Ferdinand Porsche's son, Ferry Porsche, decided to build his own car, because he could not find an existing one that he wanted to buy. He also had to steer the company through some of its most difficult days until his father's release in August 1947.[10] The first models of what was to become the 356 were built in a small sawmill in Gmünd, Austria.[10] The prototype car was shown to German auto dealers, and when pre-orders reached a set threshold, production (with aluminium body) was begun by Porsche
Porsche
Konstruktionen GesmbH founded by Ferry and Louise. Many regard the 356 as the first Porsche
Porsche
simply because it was the first model sold by the fledgling company. After the production of 356 was taken over by the father's Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche
Porsche
GmbH in Stuttgart
Stuttgart
in 1950, Porsche
Porsche
commissioned a Zuffenhausen-based company, Reutter Karosserie, which had previously collaborated with the firm on Volkswagen Beetle
Volkswagen Beetle
prototypes, to produce the 356's steel body. In 1952, Porsche
Porsche
constructed an assembly plant (Werk 2) across the street from Reutter Karosserie; the main road in front of Werk 1, the oldest Porsche
Porsche
building, is now known as Porschestrasse.[11] The 356 was road certified in 1948. Company logo

Porsche
Porsche
logo

Weimar-era Württemberg coat of arms

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of Stuttgart

Porsche's company logo was based on the coat of arms of the Free People's State of Württemberg of former Weimar Germany, which had Stuttgart
Stuttgart
as its capital. (The same arms were used by Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
from 1945-1952, while Stuttgart
Stuttgart
during these years was the capital of adjacent Württemberg-Baden.) The arms of Stuttgart
Stuttgart
was placed in the middle as an inescutcheon, since the cars were made in Stuttgart. The heraldic symbols were combined with the texts "Porsche" and "Stuttgart", which shows that it is not a coat of arms since heraldic achievements never spell out the name of the armiger nor the armigers home town in the shield. Württemberg-Baden
Württemberg-Baden
and Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
became part of the present land of Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
in 1952 after the political consolidation of West Germany
West Germany
in 1949, and the old design of the arms of Württemberg now only lives on in the Porsche
Porsche
logo. On 30 January 1951, not long before the creation of Baden-Württemberg, Ferdinand Porsche
Porsche
died from complications following a stroke. Developments

1952 Porsche 356
Porsche 356
K/9-1 Prototype

In post-war Germany, parts were generally in short supply, so the 356 automobile used components from the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Beetle, including the engine case from its internal combustion engine, transmission, and several parts used in the suspension. The 356, however, had several evolutionary stages, A, B, and C, while in production, and most Volkswagen-sourced parts were replaced by Porsche-made parts. Beginning in 1954 the 356s engines started utilizing engine cases designed specifically for the 356. The sleek bodywork was designed by Erwin Komenda, who also had designed the body of the Beetle. Porsche's signature designs have, from the beginning, featured air-cooled rear-engine configurations (like the Beetle), rare for other car manufacturers, but producing automobiles that are very well balanced. In 1964, after a fair amount of success in motor-racing with various models including the 550 Spyder, and with the 356 needing a major re-design, the company launched the Porsche
Porsche
911: another air-cooled, rear-engined sports car, this time with a six-cylinder "boxer" engine. The team to lay out the body shell design was led by Ferry Porsche's eldest son, Ferdinand Alexander Porsche
Ferdinand Alexander Porsche
(F. A.). The design phase for the 911 caused internal problems with Erwin Komenda, who led the body design department until then. F. A. Porsche
Porsche
complained Komenda made unauthorized changes to the design. Company leader Ferry Porsche
Porsche
took his son's drawings to neighbouring chassis manufacturer Reuter. Reuter's workshop was later acquired by Porsche
Porsche
(so-called Werk 2). Afterward Reuter became a seat manufacturer, today known as Keiper-Recaro.

The Porsche
Porsche
912, from the 1960s

The design office gave sequential numbers to every project (See Porsche
Porsche
type numbers), but the designated 901 nomenclature contravened Peugeot's trademarks on all 'x0x' names, so it was adjusted to 911. Racing models adhered to the "correct" numbering sequence: 904, 906, 908. The 911 has become Porsche's most well-known and iconic model – successful on the race-track, in rallies, and in terms of road car sales. Far more than any other model, the Porsche
Porsche
brand is defined by the 911. It remains in production; however, after several generations of revision, current-model 911s share only the basic mechanical configuration of a rear-engined, six-cylinder coupé, and basic styling cues with the original car. A cost-reduced model with the same body, but with 356-derived four-cylinder engine, was sold as the 912. In 1972, the company's legal form was changed from Kommanditgesellschaft
Kommanditgesellschaft
(KG), or limited partnership, to Aktiengesellschaft
Aktiengesellschaft
(AG), or public limited company, because Ferry Porsche
Porsche
came to believe the scale of the company outgrew a "family operation", after learning about Soichiro Honda's "no family members in the company" policy at Honda. This led to the establishment of an Executive Board with members from outside the Porsche
Porsche
family, and a Supervisory Board consisting largely of family members. With this change, most family members in the operation of the company, including F. A. Porsche
Porsche
and Ferdinand Piëch, departed from the company. F. A. Porsche
Porsche
founded his own design company, Porsche
Porsche
Design, which is renowned for exclusive sunglasses, watches, furniture, and many other luxury articles. Louise's son and Ferry's nephew Ferdinand Piëch, who was responsible for mechanical development of Porsche's production and racing cars (including the very successful 911, 908 and 917 models), formed his own engineering bureau, and developed a five-cylinder-inline diesel engine for Mercedes-Benz. A short time later he moved to Audi
Audi
(used to be a division, then a subsidiary, of Volkswagen), and pursued his career through the entire company, ultimately becoming the Chairman of Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Group. The first Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Porsche
Porsche
AG was Dr. Ernst Fuhrmann, who had been working in the company's engine development division. Fuhrmann was responsible for the so-called Fuhrmann-engine, used in the 356 Carrera models as well as the 550 Spyder, having four overhead camshafts instead of a central camshaft with pushrods, as in the Volkswagen-derived serial engines. He planned to cease the 911 during the 1970s and replace it with the V8-front engined grand sportswagon 928. As we know today, the 911 outlived the 928 by far. Fuhrmann was replaced in the early 1980s by Peter W. Schutz, an American manager and self-proclaimed 911 aficionado. He was then replaced in 1988 by the former manager of German computer company Nixdorf Computer AG, Arno Bohn, who made some costly miscalculations that led to his dismissal soon after, along with that of the development director, Dr. Ulrich Bez, who was formerly responsible for BMW's Z1 model, and was CEO of Aston Martin
Aston Martin
from 2000 to 2013.[12]

Porsche 911
Porsche 911
(964), introduced in 1989, was the first to be offered with Porsche's Tiptronic transmission and four-wheel drive.

In 1990, Porsche
Porsche
drew up a memorandum of understanding with Toyota
Toyota
to learn and benefit from Japanese lean manufacturing methods. In 2004 it was reported that Toyota
Toyota
was assisting Porsche
Porsche
with hybrid technology.[13] Following the dismissal of Bohn, Heinz Branitzki, a longtime Porsche employee, was appointed as interim CEO. Branitzki served in that position until Wendelin Wiedeking became CEO in 1993. Wiedeking took over the chairmanship of the board at a time when Porsche
Porsche
appeared vulnerable to a takeover by a larger company. During his long tenure, Wiedeking transformed Porsche
Porsche
into a very efficient and profitable company. Ferdinand Porsche's nephew, Ferdinand Piëch, was chairman and CEO of the Volkswagen Group
Volkswagen Group
from 1993 to 2002, and is chairman of the Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
Supervisory Board since. With 12.8 percent of the Porsche SE
Porsche SE
voting shares, he also remains the second largest individual shareholder of Porsche SE
Porsche SE
after his cousin, F. A. Porsche, (13.6 percent). Porsche's 2002 introduction of the Cayenne also marked the unveiling of a new production facility in Leipzig, Saxony, which once accounted for nearly half of Porsche's annual output. In 2004, production of the 456 kilowatts (620 PS; 612 bhp) Carrera GT commenced in Leipzig, and at EUR 450,000 ($440,000 in the United States) it was the most expensive production model Porsche
Porsche
ever built.

Porsche 911
Porsche 911
(991)

In mid-2006, after years of the Boxster
Boxster
(and later the Cayenne) as the best selling Porsche
Porsche
in North America, the 911 regained its position as Porsche's best-seller in the region. The Cayenne and 911 have cycled as the top-selling model since. In Germany, the 911 outsells the Boxster/Cayman and Cayenne.[14] In May 2011, Porsche
Porsche
Cars North America announced plans to spend $80–$100 million, but will receive about $15 million in economic incentives to move their North American headquarters from Sandy Springs, a suburb of Atlanta, to Aerotropolis, Atlanta, a new mixed-use development on the site of the old Ford Hapeville plant adjacent to Atlanta's airport.[15] Designed by architectural firm HOK, the headquarters will include a new office building and test track.[16][17][18] The facility will be known by its new address, One Porsche
Porsche
Drive. In October 2017, Porsche
Porsche
Cars North America announced the launch of introduced Porsche
Porsche
Passport, a new sports car and SUV
SUV
subscription program. This new offering allows consumers to access Porsche
Porsche
vehicles through subscribing to the service, rather than owning or leasing a vehicle. The Porsche
Porsche
Passport service is available initially in Atlanta.[19][20] Relationship with Volkswagen

Combined badging of the European 914

The company has always had a close relationship with, initially, the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
(VW) marque, and later, the Volkswagen Group
Volkswagen Group
(which also owns Audi
Audi
AG), because the first Volkswagen Beetle
Volkswagen Beetle
was designed by Ferdinand Porsche. The two companies collaborated in 1969 to make the VW- Porsche 914
Porsche 914
and 914-6, whereby the 914-6 had a Porsche
Porsche
engine, and the 914 had a Volkswagen
Volkswagen
engine. Further collaboration in 1976 resulted in the Porsche
Porsche
912E (US only) and the Porsche
Porsche
924, which used many Audi components, and was built at Audi's Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm
factory, which had been NSU's. Porsche
Porsche
944s were also built there,[21] although they used far fewer Volkswagen
Volkswagen
components. The Cayenne, introduced in 2002, shares its chassis with the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Touareg and the Audi
Audi
Q7, which is built at the Volkswagen Group
Volkswagen Group
factory in Bratislava, Slovakia. Corporate restructuring

A 911 (991) in front of the factory in which it was assembled, Porschewerk Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(right), and the manufacturer's central dealership, Porsche
Porsche
Zentrum Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(left).

Porsche
Porsche
board members Oliver Blume, Detlev von Platen, Michael Steiner, …

… Uwe-Karsten Städter, Albrecht Reimold and Andreas Haffner (left to right)

Porsche SE
Porsche SE
was created in June 2007 by renaming the old Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche
Porsche
AG, and became a holding company for the families' stake in Porsche
Porsche
Zwischenholding GmbH (50.1%) (which in turn held 100% of the old Porsche
Porsche
AG) and Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
(50.7%).[22][23] At the same time, the new Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche
Porsche
AG ( Porsche
Porsche
AG) was created for the car manufacturing business. In August 2009, Porsche SE
Porsche SE
and Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
reached an agreement that the car manufacturing operations of the two companies would merge in 2011, to form an "Integrated Automotive Group".[24][25] The management of Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
agreed to 50.76% of Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
being owned by Porsche SE
Porsche SE
in return for Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
management taking Porsche
Porsche
SE management positions (in order for Volkswagen
Volkswagen
management to remain in control), and for Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
acquiring ownership of Porsche
Porsche
AG. As of the end of 2015, the 52.2% control interest in VW AG is the predominant investment by Porsche
Porsche
SE, and Volkswagen AG
Volkswagen AG
in turn controls brands and companies such as Volkswagen, Audi, SEAT, Škoda, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Porsche
Porsche
AG, Ducati, VW Commercial Vehicles, Scania, MAN, as well as Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Financial Services.[26] Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche
Porsche
AG (which stands for Doktor Ingenieur honoris causa Ferdinand Porsche
Ferdinand Porsche
Aktiengesellschaft), as a 100% subsidiary of VW AG, is responsible for the actual production and manufacture of the Porsche
Porsche
automobile line. The company currently produces Porsche 911,[27] Boxster
Boxster
and Cayman sports cars, the Cayenne and Macan sport utility vehicles and the four-door Panamera. Subsidiaries Porsche
Porsche
AG has a 29% share in German engineering and design consultancy Bertrandt AG[28][29] and 81.8% of Mieschke Hofmann und Partner.[30] Wholly owned subsidiaries of Porsche
Porsche
AG include Porsche
Porsche
Consulting GmbH. Production and sales The headquarters and main factory are located in Zuffenhausen, a district in Stuttgart, but the Cayenne and Panamera
Panamera
models are manufactured in Leipzig, Germany, and parts for the SUV
SUV
are also assembled in the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Touareg factory in Bratislava, Slovakia.[31] Boxster
Boxster
and Cayman production was outsourced to Valmet Automotive in Finland from 1997 to 2011, and in 2012 production moved to Germany.[32] In 2015, Porsche
Porsche
reported selling a total of 218,983 cars, 28,953 (13.22%) as domestic German sales, and 190,030 (86.78%) internationally.[33] The company has been highly successful in recent times, and indeed claims to have the highest profit per unit sold of any car company in the world.[34] Table of profits (in millions of euros) and number of cars produced. Figures from 2008/9 onwards were not reported as part of Porsche
Porsche
SE.[35] On May 11, 2017, Porsche
Porsche
built the one millionth 911. An Irish green Carrera S was built for the celebration, and it will be taken on a global tour before becoming a permanent exhibit at the Porsche
Porsche
Museum in Stuttgart.[36]

Year ending Revenue Pre-tax profit Production Sales

31 July 2002 €4,857m €829m 55,050 54,234

31 July 2003 €5,583m €933m 73,284 66,803

31 July 2004 €6,148m €1,137m 81,531 76,827

31 July 2005 €6,574m €1,238m 90,954 88,379

31 July 2006 €7,273m €2,110m 102,602 96,794

31 July 2007 €7,368m €5,857m 101,844 97,515

31 July 2008 €7,466m €8,569m 105,162 98,652

31 July 2009 €?m €-2,559m 76,739 75,238

31 July 2010 €7.79b N/A 89,123 81,850

31 December 2010 €9.23b €1.67b[37] N/A 97,273

31 December 2011[37] €10.9b €2.05b 127,793 116,978

31 December 2012 €13.9b €2.44b 151,999 143,096[38]

31 December 2013 €14.3b €2.78b 165,808 162,145[39]

31 December 2014 €17.2b €3.06b 203,097 187,208[40]

31 December 2015 €21.5b[41] €3.382b 234,497 225,121[42]

Production composition Of the 234,497 cars produced in the 2015 financial year, 31,373 (13.4%) were 911 models, 21,978 (9.4%) were Boxster
Boxster
and Cayman cars, 79,700 (34%) were Cayennes, 15,055 (6.4%) were Panameras and 86,016 (36,7%) were Macans. There were 375 918 Spyder models also reported.[42] North American sales Porsche
Porsche
set a record for a U.S. sales month in November 2016, with over 5,500 sales, well on-pace to its best year ever.[43]

Annual sales 2003–2005

model 2003[44] 2004[45] 2005[46]

units % of total units % of total units % of total

911 (996) 9,935 ( 18%) 33% 10,227 ( 3%) 31% 10,653 ( 4%) 31%

Boxster 6,432 ( 38%) 21% 3,728 ( 42%) 11% 8,327 ( 123%) 25%

Cayenne 13,661 45% 19,134 ( 40%) 57% 14,524 ( 24%) 43%

total 30,028 ( 33%) 33,289 ( 11%) 33,859 ( 2%)

Annual sales 2006–2008

model 2006[47] 2007[48] 2008[49]

units % of total units % of total units % of total

911 (997) 12,702 ( 19%) 35% 13,153 ( 4%) 36% 8,324 ( 37%) 30%

Boxster 4,850 ( 42%) 14% 3,904 ( 24%) 11% 2,982 ( 24%) 11%

Cayman 7,313 20% 6,249 ( 17%) 17% 3,513 ( 44%) 13%

Cayenne 11,141 ( 23%) 31% 13,370 ( 20%) 36% 12,898 ( 4%) 46%

total 36,095 ( 7%) 36,680 ( 2%) 27,717 ( 24%)

Annual sales 2009–2011

model 2009[50] 2010[51] 2011[52]

units % of total units % of total units % of total

911 (997) 6,839 ( 17.8%) 35.00% 5,735 ( 16.1%) 22.65% 6,016 ( 5.0%) 20.72%

Boxster&Cayman 3,875 ( 39.4%) 19.00% 3,499 ( 9.3%) 13.84% 3,150 ( 9.02%) 10.86%

Panamera 1,247 6.33% 7,741 ( 520.8%) 30.57% 6,879 ( 11.13%) 23.70%

Cayenne 7,735 ( 31.0%) 39.27% 8,343 ( 7.9%) 32.94% 12,978 ( 55.55%) 44.72%

total 19,696 ( 24.3%) 25,320 ( 28.6%) 29,023 ( 15%)

Annual sales 2012–2014

model 2012[53] 2013[54] 2014[55]

units % of total units % of total units % of total

911 8,528 24.34% 10,442 24.67% 10,529 22.40%

Boxster
Boxster
& Cayman 3,356 9.58% 7,953 18.79% 7,292 15.51%

Panamera 7,614 21.73% 5,421 12.81% 5,740 12.21%

Cayenne 15,545 44.36% 18,507 43.73% 16,205 34,47%

Macan n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 7,241 15.40%

total 35,043 ( 21%) 42,323 ( 21%) 47,007 ( 11%)

Annual sales 2015–2017

model 2015[56] 2016[57] 2017

units % of total units % of total units % of total

911 9,898 19.12% 8,901 16.40%

Boxster
Boxster
& Cayman 6,663 12.87% 6,260 11.53%

Panamera 4,986 9.63% 4,403 8.11%

Cayenne 16,473 31.83% 15,383 28.34%

Macan 13,533 26.15% 19,332 35.62%

total 51,756 ( 10.1%) 54,280 ( 4.8%)

Models See also: Category: Porsche
Porsche
vehicles and Porsche
Porsche
type numbers The current Porsche
Porsche
model range includes sports cars from the Boxster roadster to their most famous product, the 911. The Cayman is a coupé otherwise similar to the Boxster. The Cayenne is Porsche's mid-size luxury sport utility vehicle (SUV). A high performance luxury saloon/sedan, the Panamera, was launched in 2009.

Note: models in bold are current models

Consumer models

Porsche
Porsche
Cayman

Porsche
Porsche
Boxster

Porsche
Porsche
Panamera

Porsche
Porsche
Cayenne

2014 Porsche
Porsche
Macan

2013 Porsche
Porsche
911

356 911 4-seat coupe, targa and cabriolet 911 GT1 Straßenversion 912 914 918 Spyder 924 928 4-seat grand tourer 930 944 959 968 964 993 996 997 991 Boxster
Boxster
(986,987,981) 2-seat roadster (Base, S, GTS, Spyder) Carrera GT Cayman (987,981) 2-seat coupe (Base, S, R, GTS, GT4) Cayenne SUV Macan SUV
SUV
Crossover Panamera
Panamera
4-seat sports sedan

Racing models

64 360 Cisitalia 550 Spyder 718 787 804 904 906 907 908 909 Bergspyder 910 917 918 RSR 919 hybrid 934 934/5 935 936 956 961 962 Porsche-March 89P WSC-95 / LMP1-98 LMP2000 (never raced) RS Spyder (9R6)

Prototypes and concept cars

Porsche Boxster
Porsche Boxster
concept

Porsche
Porsche
114 Porsche
Porsche
356/1 Porsche 695
Porsche 695
(911 prototype) Porsche 901
Porsche 901
(911 prototype) Porsche 916
Porsche 916
(flat-6 914) Porsche
Porsche
942 Porsche 959
Porsche 959
Prototype Porsche
Porsche
969 Porsche
Porsche
989 Porsche Boxster
Porsche Boxster
concept Porsche
Porsche
C88 Porsche
Porsche
Panamericana Porsche
Porsche
Mission E, all-electric 4-door[58][59][60][61]

Tractors

Porsche
Porsche
Diesel Super

Porsche
Porsche
Type 110 Porsche
Porsche
AP Series Porsche Junior
Porsche Junior
(14 hp) Porsche
Porsche
Standard (25 hp) Porsche Super
Porsche Super
(38 hp) Porsche
Porsche
Master (50 hp) Porsche
Porsche
312 Porsche
Porsche
108F Porsche
Porsche
R22

Hybrid and electric vehicles For details on a Porsche
Porsche
911-based all-electric car, see ERuf Model A. In 2010 Porsche
Porsche
launched the Cayenne S Hybrid and announced the Panamera
Panamera
S Hybrid, and launched the Porsche 918
Porsche 918
hypercar in 2014, which also features a hybrid system. Also a plug-in hybrid model called the Panamera
Panamera
S E-Hybrid was released in October 2013 in the United States[62][63] and during the fourth quarter of 2013 in several European countries. Porsche
Porsche
developed a prototype electric Porsche Boxster
Porsche Boxster
called the Boxster
Boxster
E in 2011[64] and a hybrid version of the 911 called the GT3 R Hybrid, developed with Williams Grand Prix Engineering
Williams Grand Prix Engineering
in 2010.[65] In July 2014 Porsche
Porsche
announced the launch by the end of 2014 of the Porsche Cayenne
Porsche Cayenne
S E-Hybrid a plug-in hybrid, which will displace the Cayenne S Hybrid from the line up. The S E-Hybrid will be the first plug-in hybrid in the premium SUV
SUV
segment and will allow Porsche
Porsche
to become the first automaker with three production plug-in hybrid models.[66] In July 2017, Porsche
Porsche
installed its first 350kW, 800V charging station, which the upcoming Porsche Mission E
Porsche Mission E
will use. As of 2017, the Porsche
Porsche
charging station is the fastest electric vehicle charging station in the world, being able to charge a Porsche Mission E
Porsche Mission E
up to 80% within 15 minutes. Porsche
Porsche
is also currently working with other manufacturers to make Porsche
Porsche
charging stations compatible with other electric vehicles.[67] Aircraft engines See Porsche
Porsche
PFM 3200. Motorsport Main article: Porsche
Porsche
in motorsport

The Martini Racing
Martini Racing
blue and green "psychedelic" livery on a 1970 917K. This car raced at Watkins Glen in 1970.

Porsche
Porsche
has a record 19 outright wins at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.[68] Porsche
Porsche
is currently the world's largest race car manufacturer. In 2006, Porsche
Porsche
built 195 race cars for various international motor sports events. In 2007, Porsche
Porsche
is expected to construct no fewer than 275 dedicated race cars (7 RS Spyder LMP2 prototypes, 37 GT2 spec 911 GT3-RSRs, and 231 911 GT3 Cup vehicles).[69] Pronunciation In keeping with the family name of founder Ferdinand Porsche, the company's name is pronounced [ˈpɔʁʃə] in German, which corresponds to /ˈpɔːrʃə/ PORSH-ə in English,[70] homophonous with the feminine name Portia. However, in English it is often pronounced as a single syllable /pɔːrʃ/ PORSH—without a final /ə/. In German orthography, word-final ⟨e⟩ is not silent but is instead an unstressed schwa. Reputation In a survey conducted by the Luxury Institute in New York, Porsche
Porsche
was awarded the title of "the most prestigious automobile brand". Five hundred households with a gross annual income of at least $200,000 and a net worth of at least $720,000 participated.[71] Porsche
Porsche
won the J.D. Power and Associates
J.D. Power and Associates
Initial Quality Study (IQS) in 2006, 2009, 2010, and 2014.[72] Reliability A Canadian study in 2011 revealed that 97.4 percent of Porsches from the last 25 years are still on the road.[73] In 2014, the Cayman and Boxster
Boxster
made the Consumer Reports
Consumer Reports
list for most reliable vehicles on the road.[74] Porsche's 911 has been officially named by the Technischer Überwachungsverein (Technical Inspection Association) as Germany's most reliable car.[75] SUV
SUV
reception According to CNBC, even an at-the-time questionable foray into the SUV market with the Cayenne in 2003 could not damage Porsche credibility.[76] In 2009, The Times
The Times
journalist Andrew Frankel says on one level, it is the world's best 4x4; on another, it is the cynical exploitation of a glorious brand that risks long-term damage to that brand's very identity in the pursuit of easy money[77] with his verdict being "Great car, if only it wasn't a Porsche".[77] In 2015, US News ranked the Macan as the best luxury compact SUV
SUV
in its class.[78] See also

CTS Car Top Systems List of German cars List of Porsche
Porsche
engines Porsche
Porsche
Club of America Porsche
Porsche
Museum, Stuttgart Porsche
Porsche
type numbers Porsche
Porsche
VIN numbers

Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
portal Companies portal Cars portal

References

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External links

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