POLITICS IN SENEGAL takes place within the framework of a
semi-presidential , democratic republic. The President of
While legislative power is technically vested in both the government
and the parliament, the parliament rarely introduces legislation or
votes down legislation proposed by the government. Similarly,
* 1 Introduction
* 1.1 Political system * 1.2 Political culture
* 2 Executive branch * 3 Legislative branch * 4 Political parties and elections * 5 Judicial branch * 6 Administrative divisions * 7 International relations * 8 See also * 9 References
The President is elected by universal adult suffrage to a 5-year term. The unicameral National Assembly has 150 members, who are elected separately from the President. The Socialist Party dominated the National Assembly until April 2001, when in free and fair legislative elections, President Wade's coalition won a majority (90 of 150 seats).
The Cour Suprême (Highest Appeals Court, equivalent to the U.S.
Supreme Court ) and the Constitutional Council, the justices of which
are named by the President, are the nation's highest tribunals.
Senegal's principal political party was for 40 years the Socialist Party (PS). Its domination of political life came to an end in March 2000, when Abdoulaye Wade, the leader of the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) and leader of the opposition for more than 25 years, won the presidency. Under the terms of a 2016 amendment to the 2001 constitution, future presidents will serve for 5 years and be limited to two terms. Sall was the last President to be elected to a 7-year term.
President Wade advanced a liberal agenda for Senegal, including
privatizations and other market-opening measures. He had a strong
interest in raising Senegal's regional and international profile. The
country, nevertheless, has limited means with which to implement
ambitious ideas. The liberalization of the economy is proceeding, but
at a slow pace.
There are presently some 72 political parties, most of which are marginal and little more than platforms for their leaders. The principal political parties, however, constitute a true multiparty, democratic political culture, and they have contributed to one of the most successful democratic transitions in Africa, even among all developing countries. A flourishing independent media, largely free from official or informal control, also contributes to the democratic politics of Senegal.
However, the image of Wade as a constitutional democrat has been tarnished by events at the end of his mandate. When faced with internal dissent within his own party his main opponent Idrissa Seck was arrested, accused of treason. Wade refused to go along with holding presidential elections in 2006, arguing that there were economic reasons for wanting to hold the presidential and parliamentary elections simultaneously in 2007.
Initially Wade's government had the support of a broad section of groups opposed to the socialist government, but gradually individual parties have disassociated themselves from the government and joined the opposition efforts led by PS. In 2011, Wade attempted to amend the Constitution to allow him to run for another term in office. Large protests by opponents erupted, throughout the Summer of 2011, as well as large counter-protests by government supporters. The crisis has deepened political rifts within the country, which has long been a rare example of stability in the region.
After Senegal's Constitutional Court approved Wade's bid to run for a third presidential term, street protests broke out. The top court's decision was controversial as the Senegalese constitutional amendment, which places a two-term limit on the presidential office, was established about a year after Wade came into power in 2000.
Main office holders OFFICE NAME PARTY SINCE
Prime Minister Mohamed Dionne Independent 6 July 2014
The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The prime minister is appointed by the president. The 2001 constitution introduced a two-term limit for the president. Abdoulaye Wade, after initially saying he was bound by the two term limit, now argues that his first term was under the old constitution, and he is eligible to stand again.
The Council of Ministers is appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president.
The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 150 members, elected for a five-year term, by parallel voting , with multi-seat rather than single-seat constituencies for the plurality part of the system.
POLITICAL PARTIES AND ELECTIONS
For other political parties, see List of political parties in Senegal
. An overview on elections and election results is included in
e • d SUMMARY OF THE 25 FEBRUARY 2007 SENEGALESE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION RESULTS CANDIDATE PARTY COALITION VOTES %
Idrissa Seck Rewmi Party And Liggey Sénégal 510,922 14.92
Moustapha Niasse Alliance of Progress Forces Alternance 2007 203,129 5.93
Takku Defaraat Sénégal 88,446 2.58
Mamadou Lamine Diallo
Tekki Taaru Sénégal 16,570 0.48
Mama Adama Guèye
Sellal 13,700 0.40
Doudou Ndoye Union for Progress and Renewal
Alioune Mbaye Independent
Louis Jacques Senghor Movement for the Liberation of the Senegalese People
Modou Dia Independent
TOTAL (turnout: 70.5 ) 3,424,926 100.0
e • d SUMMARY OF THE 3 JUNE 2007 NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF SENEGAL ELECTION RESULTS PARTIES AND COALITIONS VOTES % SEATS +/–
Coalition for Change 2007 ( Sopi 2007 ) 1,190,609 69.21 131
Coalition Call of Duty ( Waar Wi ) 74,919 4.35 3
Rally for the People (Rassemblement pour le peuple) 73,083 4.25 2
Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubël (Front pour le socialisme et la démocratie) 37,427 2.18 1
Alliance for Progress and Justice/Jëf-Jël (Alliance pour le progrès et la justice) 33,297 1.94 1
Convergence for Renewal and Citizenship (Convergence pour le renouveau et la citoyenneté) 30,658 1.78 1
Authentic Socialist Party (Parti socialiste authentique) 26,320 1.53 1
National Patriotic Union/Tekki (Union nationale patriotique) 22,271 1.29 1
Reform Movement for Social Development (Mouvement de la réforme pour le développement social) 20,041 1.16 1
Rally of the Ecologists of
Social Democratic Party/Jant Bi (Parti social-démocrate) 15,968 0.93 1
Senegalese Patriotic Rally/Jammi Rewmi (Rassemblement patriotique sénégalais) 6,847 0.40 0
TOTAL (turnout 34.75%) 1,720,326 100.0 150
The nation's highest courts that deal with business issues are the constitutional council, and the court of justice, members of which are named by the president.
Further information: Administrative divisions of
Dakar , Diourbel , Fatick , Kaolack , Kédougou , Kolda , Louga , Matam , Saint-Louis , Sédhiou , Tambacounda , Thiès , Ziguinchor . Local administrators are all appointed by and responsible to the President.
Further information: Foreign relations of
* Africa portal * Politics portal
* ^ A B C Freedom House. "Freedom in the World – Senegal".
Retrieved 12 November 2011.
* ^ Thomas and Sissokho (2005.) "Liaison legislature: the role of
the National Assembly in Senegal" Journal of Modern African Studies 43
(1). p. 106
* ^ A B "Succession debate threatens security in Senegal".
Institute for Security Studies. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
* ^ Reuters in Dakar (28 January 2012). "
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* Burkina Faso
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States with limited recognition
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Dependencies and other territories
* Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla / Plazas de soberanía (Spain) * Madeira (Portugal) * Mayotte / Réunion (France) * Saint Helena / Ascension Island / Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) * Western Sahara
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