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Podgorica
Podgorica
(/ˈpɒdɡɒrɪtsə/ POD-gorr-ih-tsə;[2] Montenegrin Cyrillic: Подгорица, pronounced [pǒdɡoritsa], lit. "[area] below Gorica [name of a hillock overlooking the city]") is the capital and largest city of Montenegro. The city was also called Titograd (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Титоград, [tîtoɡraːd]) between 1946 and 1992 when Montenegro
Montenegro
was part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), in honour of Josip Broz Tito. Podgorica's favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača
Morača
rivers and the meeting point of the fertile Zeta Plain
Zeta Plain
and Bjelopavlići Valley
Bjelopavlići Valley
has encouraged settlement. The city is close to winter ski centres in the north and seaside resorts on the Adriatic Sea. The Podgorica Municipality
Podgorica Municipality
contains 10.4% of Montenegro's territory and 29.9% of its population. It is the administrative centre of Montenegro
Montenegro
and its economic, cultural and educational focus.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Cityscape 4 History

4.1 Pre-history 4.2 Middle Ages 4.3 Modern period

5 Culture 6 Media 7 Sports

7.1 Venues

8 Economy 9 Demographics 10 Religion 11 Administration

11.1 City Parliament 11.2 Local subdivisions

12 Education 13 Transport

13.1 Public transport 13.2 Roads 13.3 Rail 13.4 Air

14 Twin towns – sister cities 15 Notable people

15.1 Honorary citizens

16 Gallery 17 References 18 External links

Etymology[edit] The name Podgorica
Podgorica
means "[area] below Gorica" (Gorica, meaning "little hill" or "hillock", is one of the hillocks overlooking the city), Gorica being the name of the cypress-covered hill that overlooks the city centre. Some three kilometres (1.9 miles) north-west of Podgorica
Podgorica
lie the ruins of Roman-era Doclea, from which Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
Diocletian
hailed. In later centuries, Romans "corrected" the name to Dioclea, guessing wrongly that an "i" had been lost in vulgar speech. "Duklja" is the later (South Slavic) version of that word. When founded (before the 11th century), the town was called Birziminium. In the Middle Ages, it was known as Ribnica (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Рибница, pronounced [rîbnit͡sa]). The name Podgorica
Podgorica
was used from 1326. From 1946 to 1992, the city was named Titograd in honour of Josip Broz Tito, the former President of Yugoslavia. Geography[edit] Podgorica
Podgorica
is located in central Montenegro. The area is crossed with rivers and the city itself is only 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Lake Skadar. The Morača
Morača
and Ribnica rivers flow through the city, while the Zeta, Cijevna, Sitnica and Mareza
Mareza
flow nearby. Morača
Morača
is the largest river in the city, being 70 m or 230 ft wide near downtown, and having carved a 20 m or 66 ft deep canyon for the length of its course through the city.[citation needed] Except for the Morača
Morača
and Zeta, other rivers have an appearance of small creeks. The richness in bodies of water is a major feature of the city. In contrast to most of Montenegro, Podgorica
Podgorica
lies in a mainly flat area at the northern end of the Zeta plain, at an elevation of 40 m (130 ft). The only exceptions are hills which overlook the city. The most significant is 130.3 m (427 ft) high Gorica Hill (pronounced [ˈɡǒrit͜sa]), city's namesake, which rises above the city centre. The other hills include Malo brdo ("little hill", 205.4 m or 674 ft), Velje brdo ("big hill", 283 m or 928 ft), Ljubović (101 m or 331 ft) and Dajbapska gora (172 m or 564 ft). In the main, these are too steep for development and thus limit the city's expansion, especially to the north. However, urbanization has been encroaching on the lower slopes of the hills since the 1990s. Podgorica
Podgorica
city proper has an area of 108 square kilometres (42 sq mi), while actual urbanized area is much smaller.

Morača
Morača
river canyon.

River Cijevna
Cijevna
waterfalls near Podgorica

Podgorica
Podgorica
panoramic view.

Climate[edit]

Independence Square.

Under the Köppen climate classification, Podgorica
Podgorica
has a borderline Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Csa) and humid subtropical climate (Cfa), since there is only one summer month with less than 40 millimeters (1.6 in) of precipitation,[3] with summer highs around 30 °C (86 °F) and winter highs around 10 °C (50 °F). Although the city is only some 35 km (22 mi) north of the Adriatic Sea, an arm of the Mediterranean, Rumija mountain acts as a natural Dinaric Alps
Dinaric Alps
barrier, separating Skadar Lake basin and Podgorica
Podgorica
area from the sea, thus limiting temperate maritime influence on the local climate. The mean annual rainfall is 1,600 mm (63 in).[citation needed] The temperature exceeds 25 °C (77 °F) on about 135 days each year and the median daily temperature is 15.6 °C (60.1 °F). The number of rainy days is about 120, and those with a strong wind around 60. An occasional strong northerly wind influences the climate in the winter, with a wind chill effect lowering the perceived temperature by a few degrees.[citation needed] The all-time maximum snowfall record was beaten on 11 February 2012, when 58 cm (23 in) of snowfall were measured. Before that, the biggest snowfall in Podgorica
Podgorica
was in 1954, when 52 cm (20 in) of snowfall were recorded.

Climate data for Podgorica

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 18 (64) 27 (81) 26 (79) 31 (88) 33 (91) 38 (100) 43 (109) 46 (115) 39 (102) 30 (86) 24 (75) 19 (66) 46 (115)

Average high °C (°F) 9.5 (49.1) 11.3 (52.3) 14.9 (58.8) 19.1 (66.4) 24.2 (75.6) 28.2 (82.8) 31.7 (89.1) 31.6 (88.9) 27.4 (81.3) 22.7 (72.9) 15.4 (59.7) 11.0 (51.8) 20.58 (69.06)

Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5 (41.9) 7.3 (45.1) 10.4 (50.7) 14.1 (57.4) 18.9 (66) 22.8 (73) 26.0 (78.8) 25.9 (78.6) 22.0 (71.6) 16.7 (62.1) 11.1 (52) 7.0 (44.6) 15.64 (60.15)

Average low °C (°F) 1.4 (34.5) 3.2 (37.8) 5.8 (42.4) 9.1 (48.4) 13.5 (56.3) 17.3 (63.1) 20.3 (68.5) 20.2 (68.4) 16.5 (61.7) 11.6 (52.9) 6.8 (44.2) 2.9 (37.2) 10.72 (51.28)

Record low °C (°F) −11 (12) −10 (14) −8 (18) 0 (32) 4 (39) 10 (50) 12 (54) 11 (52) 7 (45) 0 (32) −4 (25) −10 (14) −11 (12)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 192 (7.56) 167 (6.57) 159 (6.26) 145 (5.71) 88 (3.46) 63 (2.48) 39 (1.54) 66 (2.6) 120 (4.72) 164 (6.46) 238 (9.37) 217 (8.54) 1,658 (65.27)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.2 11.9 11.6 12.5 9.8 8.9 5.7 6.0 6.8 10.1 13.8 13.1 122.4

Mean monthly sunshine hours 120.9 127.1 170.5 195.0 248.0 276.0 341.0 313.1 249.0 195.0 126.0 111.6 2,473.2

Source #1: Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro[4]

Source #2: BBC Weather:Podgorica

Cityscape[edit] See also: List of Podgorica
Podgorica
neighbourhoods and suburbs

Panoramic view of the Roman square

View from Gorica Hill

Podgorica's mixture of architectural styles reflects the turbulent history of the city and country: as one régime replaced another, the corresponding style was introduced. As part of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
until 1878, Podgorica
Podgorica
has many examples of Turkish architecture.[citation needed] The oldest parts of the city, Stara Varoš (Old town) and Drač are typical of this, with two mosques, a Turkish clock tower and narrow, winding streets.

City Clock Tower.

Morača
Morača
river.

When the city was incorporated to Montenegro, the urban core shifted to the other bank of the Ribnica River, where the town developed in a more European style: wider streets with an orthogonal layout. This part of the city is today traditionally regarded as city centre, and is called Nova Varoš (New town) During World War II, Podgorica
Podgorica
was almost razed to the ground, being bombed over 70 times.[citation needed] After liberation, rebuilding began as in other cities of the communist-ruled SFRY. Mass residential blocks were erected, with basic design typical of Eastern bloc countries.[citation needed] All that part of the city on the right bank of the Morača River
Morača River
was built this way. The main contemporary traffic arteries were laid out during this period, which extended the orthogonal street layout of city center, to the south and west. Residential and infrastructural developments in the SFRY era have mostly shaped the layout of today's Podgorica, and accommodated the unprecedented population growth that followed World War II.[citation needed]

Roman Square.

Blažo Jovanović Bridge
Blažo Jovanović Bridge
over the Morača.

Office building at George Washington Street

Highrise housing in Podgorica.

Delta Shopping Mall.

Construction boom in Podgorica.

A major advance in Podgorica
Podgorica
architecture began in the late 1990s and, since then, the face of the city has changed rapidly. Residential and business construction are proceeding rapidly, incorporating contemporary glass-and-steel architectural trends. In an effort to create a recognizable and modern state capital, city officials are routing significant investments in city's public spaces. Thus, the city has gained entirely new squares, parks and monuments. New landmarks include the Hristovog Vaskrsenja orthodox temple and the Millennium Bridge, the main feature of the Podgorica
Podgorica
skyline.

A panoramic view of the Moscow bridge
Moscow bridge
(right) and the Millennium Bridge (left). (Swipe left or right)

History[edit] Pre-history[edit]

Doclea , Roman town, the seat of the Late Roman province of Praevalitana.

The headquarters of the European Union, UN and OSCE in Podgorica.

Podgorica
Podgorica
is at the crossroads of several historically important routes, near the rivers Zeta, Morača, Cijevna, Ribnica, Sitnica and Mareza
Mareza
in the valley of Lake Skadar
Lake Skadar
and near the Adriatic Sea, in fertile lowlands with favourable climate. The earliest human settlements were in prehistory: the oldest physical remains are from the late Stone Age. In the Iron Age, the area between the Zeta and Bjelopavlići valleys was occupied by two Illyrian tribes, the Labeates
Labeates
and the Docleatae. The population of the town of Doclea was 8,000–10,000, in which all core urban issues were resolved. The high population density (in an area of about 10 km (6 mi) radius) was made possible by the geographical position, favourable climate and economic conditions and by the defensive positions that were of great importance at that time. Middle Ages[edit]

King Nikola
King Nikola
I monument

From the 5th century AD, with the arrival of the first Slavic and Avar tribes and the beginning of the break-up of the Roman Empire, the area bore witness to many noteworthy events.[citation needed] With time, the fortifications ceased their function and new towns were built; a new settlement probably named after the Ribnica river, on whose banks it was built, Ribnica, was established. It was first mentioned during the reign of the Nemanjić dynasty, as part of the Serbian kingdom. The importance of Ribnica was its position as crossroads in communications with the west.[citation needed] The name Podgorica
Podgorica
was first mentioned in 1326 in a court document of the Kotor
Kotor
archives. The city was economically strong: trade routes between the Republic of Ragusa
Republic of Ragusa
and Serbia, well developed at that time, were maintained via the road that led to Podgorica
Podgorica
through Trebinje
Trebinje
and Nikšić. As a busy crossroad, Podgorica
Podgorica
was a vibrant regional centre of trade and communication. This boosted its development, economic power, military strength and strategic importance.[citation needed] The Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
captured Podgorica
Podgorica
in 1474. Podgorica
Podgorica
became a kaza of the Sanjak of Scutari in 1479. The Ottomans built a large fortress in Podgorica, and the existing settlement, with its highly developed merchant connections, became the main Ottoman defensive and attacking bastion in the region. At the beginning of 1474 the Ottoman sultan intended to rebuild Podgorica
Podgorica
and Baleč
Baleč
and settle them with 5,000 Muslim families (most of Slavic or Albanian origin),[5] in order to stop cooperation between the Principality of Zeta and Albania Veneta.[6]

View of Ribnica fortress and Old bridge, Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(right), Debbaglar Bridge, government mansion and the Mirko Varosh Hotel (far left), before 1901.

Podgorica
Podgorica
fell again, but this time to the Turks in 1484, and the character of the town changed extensively. The Turks fortified the city, building towers, gates, and defensive ramparts that give Podgorica
Podgorica
the appearance of an oriental military city. In 1864, Podgorica
Podgorica
became a kaze of the Scutari Vilayet
Scutari Vilayet
called Böğürtlen ("blackberry", also known as Burguriçe). After a long-lasting war in which Montenegrins
Montenegrins
fought for their independence from the Turks, Podgorica
Podgorica
was ultimately united by the decision of the now-famous Congress of Berlin
Congress of Berlin
under the flag of the Kingdom of Montenegro
Montenegro
in 1878. At that time there were about 1,500 houses in Podgorica, with more than 8.000 people living there - of Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Muslim faiths flourishing together.

Bombing of Podgorica
Podgorica
in World War II

The World War II
World War II
memorial on Gorica Hill

Modern period[edit]

Dajbabska Gora Tower
Dajbabska Gora Tower
at night.

After the Berlin Congress
Berlin Congress
in 1878, when Podgorica
Podgorica
was annexed to the Principality of Montenegro
Montenegro
(marking the end of four centuries of Ottoman rule, and the beginning of a new era for Podgorica
Podgorica
and Montenegro), the city developed quickly and became a strong marketplace.[citation needed] The first forms of capital concentration were seen in 1902, when Roads were built to all neighbouring towns, and tobacco became Podgorica's first significant commercial product. Then in 1904, a savings bank named Zetska formed the first significant financial institution, and it would soon grow into Podgorička Bank. World War I marked the end of dynamic development for Podgorica, which by then was the largest city in the newly proclaimed Kingdom of Montenegro. Podgorica
Podgorica
was occupied, as was the rest of the country, by Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
from 1916 to 1918. After the liberation by the Allies in 1918, the controversial Podgorica Assembly marked the end of Montenegrin statehood, as Montenegro
Montenegro
was merged with the Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
and eventually incorporated into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In the Interwar period, the population of Podgorica
Podgorica
was about 13,000. Podgorica
Podgorica
suffered heavily during World War II; the city was bombed over 70 times throughout the course of the war, razing it to the ground and causing the deaths of over 4,100 people. The city was liberated on 19 December 1944, and on 13 July 1946, it became the capital of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro
Montenegro
(one of the republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) under the name Titograd. A period of unprecedented expansion followed; as in the rest of Yugoslavia, the population increased dramatically, the city was heavily industrialised, infrastructure was improved, and health, educational, and cultural institutions were founded, transforming the city into the commercial, socio-economic, and cultural centre of the country. The progress halted again in th 1990s with the breakup of Yugoslavia, and the name of Podgorica
Podgorica
was reinstated on 2 April 1992, when Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro
Montenegro
entered a federal state. The destructive Yugoslav wars
Yugoslav wars
bypassed Montenegro, but the entire country was greatly affected economically with severe economic stagnation lasting throughout the 1990s due to international sanctions. The economy began to recover in the early 2000s, and following successful a independence referendum in May 2006, Podgorica became the official capital of an independent state, boosting its status as a regional centre and raising its economic prospects. Today Podgorica
Podgorica
is the seat of Montenegro's Parliament and government, but not of the country's President, who resides in the former royal capital Cetinje.

Culture[edit]

Podgorica
Podgorica
Cathedral interior.

Palace of King Nikola
King Nikola
I Petrović is art gallery.

Montenegrin National Theatre

National Museum of Montenegro

Podgorica
Podgorica
is home to many Montenegrin cultural institutions and events. It hosts the Montenegrin National Theatre
Montenegrin National Theatre
and a number of museums and galleries. The Montenegrin National Theatre
Montenegrin National Theatre
is the most significant theatre not only in Podgorica
Podgorica
but in all of Montenegro. Podgorica
Podgorica
is also host to the City Theatre (Gradsko pozorište), which includes the Children's Theatre and the Puppet Theatre. Although not as rich in museums and galleries as the historic royal capital Cetinje, there are several noteworthy museums:

The Podgorica
Podgorica
City Museum (Muzej grada Podgorice) preserves Podgorica's rich heritage. Founded in 1950, it has four categories: archaeological, ethnographic, historical and cultural-historical. It houses artefacts which date back to the Roman and Illyrian eras.[citation needed] The Archaeological Research Centre (Centar za arheološka istraživanja) was founded in 1961. Its mission is to gather, classify, restore and display archaeological sites. The Marko Miljanov
Marko Miljanov
Museum (Muzej Marka Miljanova) in Medun
Medun
shows life in 19th century Montenegro. The Natural History Museum (Prirodnjački muzej) displays specimens of Montenegrin flora and fauna. This museum has no exhibition space of its own, despite many proposals and initiatives to build one.[citation needed]

There is a notable art gallery in the Dvorac Petrovića (Petrović Castle) complex in Podgorica's largest public park. King Nicholas's castle, Perjanički Dom (House of the Honour Guard), castle chapel and surrounding buildings were converted to an art gallery in 1984. Since 1995, it has been part of the Modern Arts Centre (Centar savremenih umjetnosti) and houses approximately 1,500 works of art. The historic Cinema of Culture (Kino Kultura), which was founded in 1949, was closed in November 2008 due to continuous financial losses it generated. It was the only cinema in the city for 6 decades. The building of the former cinema will be converted to host the Podgorica City Theatre. Shortly after its closure, a Ster-Kinekor (later acquired by Cineplexx) 6-screen multiplex cinema opened at Delta City shopping mall. A significant cultural institution of over fifty years' standing is the Budo Tomović Cultural-Informational Centre (KIC Budo Tomović). It is a public institution which organizes various artistic events, including Podgorica
Podgorica
Cultural Summer (Podgoričko Kulturno Ljeto), FIAT – International Alternative Theatre Festival (Festival Internacionalnog Alternativnog Teatra), DEUS – December Arts Scene (Decembarska Umjetnička Scena). Media[edit]

Radio and Television of Montenegro.

Podgorica
Podgorica
is the media hub of Montenegro. It is home to the headquarters of the state-owned public television broadcaster RTCG. Commercial broadcasters in Podgorica
Podgorica
include RTV Atlas, TV Vijesti, Pink M
Pink M
and 1Prva. It was announced that the city's local television will be launched soon.[7] Their programmes can be received in much of Montenegro. All Montenegro's daily newspapers (oldest Montenegrin daily newspaper Pobjeda, Vijesti, Dnevne Novine and Dan) are published in Podgorica, as the weekly magazine Monitor. Sports[edit]

Morača
Morača
Sports Center.

The most popular sports by far are football and basketball. Basketball became especially popular with the success in the late 20th and early 21st centuries of KK Budućnost, both in Regional and European competitions. Football in Podgorica
Podgorica
has a long tradition associated with Budućnost. World-famous players Predrag Mijatović
Predrag Mijatović
and Dejan Savićević
Dejan Savićević
were born in Podgorica
Podgorica
and made their debut in that team. The club FK Zeta from the Podgorica
Podgorica
suburb of Golubovci
Golubovci
has also reached the former first league of Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro. These clubs, along with Sutjeska from Nikšić, usually compete with each other for leading position in the First League of Montenegro. Other clubs from Podgorica and its surroundings play in the Montenegrin First League e.g. Dečić (Tuzi), Kom and Mladost. One of the most popular clubs from the suburbs is FK Ribnica
FK Ribnica
from Konik and FK Zabjelo
FK Zabjelo
from Zabjelo The volleyball team OK Budućnost and the women's handball team ŽRK Budućnost T-Mobile have had significant success in European competition. Budućnost Podgorica
Budućnost Podgorica
is the most important sports club in Podgorica. Its name means Future. Chess
Chess
is another popular sport and some famous global chess players, like Slavko Dedić, are born in Podgorica. Sporting events like the annual Podgorica Marathon
Podgorica Marathon
and the Morača River jumps attract international competitors. Podgorica
Podgorica
was the host of 2009 FINA Men's Water Polo World League. Venues[edit]

Podgorica
Podgorica
City Stadium

Podgorica
Podgorica
has a number of sporting venues; some are under reconstruction and expansion. The main ones are:

Podgorica
Podgorica
City Stadium. When the eastern stand is completed, it will have a capacity of 24,000.[citation needed] It is the home of FK Budućnost Podgorica
Budućnost Podgorica
and the Montenegro
Montenegro
national football team. It is currently the only venue in Montenegro
Montenegro
that complies with FIFA standards for international football matches. Morača
Morača
Sports Center, a multi functional indoor sport facility. It has a capacity of 4,200 seats. It hosted one group of Eurobasket 2005, while other games were played in Belgrade, Vršac, and Novi Sad.

Almost every football club in Podgorica
Podgorica
has its own stadium, although these are often only fields with small stands or no stands at all. Other notable venues are the Stadion malih sportova
Stadion malih sportova
under Gorica hill and the sport shooting range under Ljubović hill. There are many other sports facilities around the city, most notably indoor soccer fields. Economy[edit]

Central Bank of Montenegro.

Aerial view of the Plantaže
Plantaže
wineyard, this wine field is the largest single one in Europe.

Podgorica
Podgorica
is not only the administrative centre of Montenegro, but also its main economic engine. Most of Montenegro's industrial, financial, and commercial base is in Podgorica.[citation needed] Before World War I, most of Podgorica's economy was in trade and small-scale manufacture, which was an economic model established during the long rule of the Ottoman Empire.[citation needed] After World War II, Podgorica
Podgorica
became Montenegro's capital and a focus of the rapid urbanization and industrialization of the SFRY era. Industries such as aluminium and tobacco processing, textiles, engineering, vehicle production, and wine production were established in and around the city. In 1981, Podgorica's GDP per capita was 87% of the Yugoslav average.[8] In the early 1990s, the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Yugoslav wars, and the UN-imposed sanctions left Podgorica's industries without traditional markets, suppliers, and available funds. This, combined with typical transition pressures, led to a decline of the industrial base, where many industries collapsed leaving thousands of citizens unemployed.[citation needed] However, some of the industries, including Podgorica
Podgorica
aluminium smelter and Plantaže, managed to survive the turmoil of the 1990s, and are still major contributors to Montenegrin export and industrial output to this day. As Montenegro
Montenegro
began its push for independence from Serbia
Serbia
in the late 1990s, Podgorica
Podgorica
greatly benefited from increased concentration of government and service sectors.[citation needed] In addition to almost the entire country's government, Podgorica
Podgorica
is home to the Montenegro Stock Exchange and other major Montenegrin financial institutions, along with telecommunications carriers, media outlets, Montenegrin flag carrier airline, and other significant institutions and companies. The large presence of government and service sectors spared the economy of Podgorica
Podgorica
from prolonged stagnation in the late 2000s recession, which hit Montenegro
Montenegro
hard. Although, in mid-2014, some 30% of Montenegro's citizens lived in Podgorica, the municipality accounted for 44% of the country's employed. Out of the entire mass of paid nwt salaries in Montenegro
Montenegro
in that year, some 47% was paid in Podgorica. The average monthly net salary in May, 2014 was €509 in Podgorica
Podgorica
municipality.[9]

The Capital Plaza

George Washington boulevard

George Washington boulevard

Kruševac Shoping Center

Demographics[edit] Further information: Demographics of Podgorica

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1948 14,369 —    

1953 19,868 +38.3%

1961 35,054 +76.4%

1971 61,727 +76.1%

1981 96,074 +55.6%

1991 117,875 +22.7%

2003 136,473 +15.8%

2011 150,977 +10.6%

Although medium-sized by European standards, Podgorica
Podgorica
is by far the largest city in Montenegro: almost one third of Montenegrin citizens live there. According to the 2011 census, there are 185,937 people in Podgorica
Podgorica
Capital City, which is analogous to metropolitan area, and includes the small towns of Tuzi
Tuzi
and Golubovci, while 150,977 people live within the city proper. Out of total population of Podgorica
Podgorica
Capital City, 48.73% are male, while 51.27% are female. Average age of Podgorica
Podgorica
population is 35.7. Serbian is the most spoken language, with 42.4% of Podgorica
Podgorica
citizens declaring it as their first language. It is followed closely by Montenegrin, at 41.17%. Other significant languages spoken in Podgorica
Podgorica
are Albanian (5.53%) and Romani (1.81%). The majority of Podgorica
Podgorica
citizens are Serbian Orthodox Christians (78.27%), while there are significant minorities of Muslims
Muslims
(11.23%) and Catholics (4.27%).

Nationality (2011 census) Number Percentage

Montenegrins 106,642 57.35%

Serbs 43,248 23.26%

Albanians 9,538 5.13%

Muslims 4,122 2.22%

Bosniaks 3,687 1,98%

Romani 3,988 2.14%

others 5,820 3.13%

undeclared 8,892 4.78%

Religion[edit]

Cathedral of Podgorica.

Dajbabe Monastery.

Podgorica
Podgorica
mosque.

Podgorica
Podgorica
is home to three main religious groups: Orthodox Christians, Sunnite Muslims
Muslims
and Catholic Christians. Orthodox Christian population mostly originates from the local Montenegrin and Serb
Serb
population, which accepted Orthodox Christianity in Middle Ages
Middle Ages
after a major split during The Great Schism. They represent the major religious group. There are various Eastern Orthodox churches in the City such as St. George Church which originates from the 13th century, or Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ which is largest church in the city to have been recently erected. The Muslim population mostly originates from local Bosniaks, as well as Albanians. There are several mosques in Podgorica
Podgorica
and Tuzi. Catholic population mainly consists of local Albanian minority. The main religious site for the Catholic population located in the Konik neighbourhood is the Church of the Holy Heart of Jesus constructed in 1966, in Brutalist style which makes this object unique. Other Catholic objects are located in eastern suburb Tuzi.

Religion Number Percentage

Eastern Orthodox 145,575 78.29%

Muslims 20,883 11.23%

Roman Catholicism 7,947 4.27%

Other Christians 568 0.31%

Agnostic 225 0.12%

Atheist 3,698 1.99%

Other 1,961 1.05%

Did not declare 4,583

Administration[edit]

Podgorica
Podgorica
City Hall.

Podgorica
Podgorica
urban subdivisions.

The city administration consists of mayor, city assembly and a number of secretariats and administrative bodies which together act as a city local government. The city assembly has 59 members, elected directly for four-year terms. The mayor used to be directly elected for five-year term, but since the new law was introduced in Montenegrin municipalities mayors will be elected by the city assembly and will have to maintain its support during his term. Separate elections are held for local sub-divisions of Golubovci
Golubovci
and Tuzi
Tuzi
since it is part of their administrative autonomy inside Podgorica
Podgorica
municipality. Constant questions are raised by various politicians over gaining separate municipality status for Golubovci
Golubovci
and Tuzi On local elections held on 25 May 2014, the Democratic Party of Socialists won 29 seats in the municipal assembly, one short of 30 needed to form a majority. Democratic Front won 17 seats, SNP won 8 seats, while coalition made of Positive Montenegro
Montenegro
and SDP won 5 seats. After lengthy negotiations, SDP dissolved coalition with Pozitivna, and made arrangement on forming majority with DPS, similar to one they have in national government. While SDP is longtime partner of DPS at national level, it has been in opposition in Podgorica municipal assembly in 2010-2014 period. Since October 2014, position of the mayor is held by DPS official, Slavoljub Stijepović, replacing Podgorica
Podgorica
mayor od 14 years, Miomir Mugoša. City Parliament[edit]

Party/Coalition Seats Local government

Democratic Party of Socialists

29 / 60

Government

Democratic Front

12 / 60

Opposition

Democratic Montenegro

6 / 60

Opposition

DEMOS

5 / 60

Opposition

Socialist People's Party

2 / 60

Opposition

Social Democratic Party

2 / 60

Opposition

Positive Montenegro

1 / 60

Government

United Reform Action

1 / 60

Opposition

Social Democrats

1 / 60

Government

Local subdivisions[edit] Main article: Subdivisions of Podgorica The municipality of Podgorica
Podgorica
consists of Podgorica
Podgorica
City Proper and two subdivisions called city municipalities (градске општине, gradske opštine), Golubovci
Golubovci
and Tuzi. The entire municipality of Podgorica
Podgorica
is further divided into 57 local communities (мјесне заједнице, mjesne zajednice), bodies in which the citizens participate in decisions on matters of relevance to the local community. Education[edit] Most of Montenegro's higher education establishments are in Podgorica. It is home to the University of Montenegro, the country's most significant such institution. The following faculties are in Podgorica:

Faculty of Economics Faculty of Law Faculty of Electrical Engineering Faculty of Metallurgy and Technology Faculty of Political Sciences Faculty of Civil Engineering Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Natural Sciences
Natural Sciences
and Mathematics

University of Montenegro
Montenegro
, Faculty of Civil Engineering.

Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Architecture Faculty of Biotechnology

The university's scientific research institutes are in the city:

Institute of Foreign Languages Institute of Biotechnology Institute of History

The Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts
Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts
is in Podgorica, as is the DANU cultural organization. The Mediterranean University
Mediterranean University
was founded 2006 as first private university in Montenegro. In the meantime, the number of private institutions for higher education has increased, like UDG - University of Donja Gorica. The municipality of Podgorica
Podgorica
has 34 elementary schools and 10 secondary schools, including one gymnasium. The first secondary school established in Podgorica
Podgorica
is Gymnasium "Slobodan Škerović". The rebuilt economic high school offers new features and higher quality education. The Radosav Ljumović National Library is considered the most comprehensive in Montenegro. Transport[edit] Public transport[edit]

Northern entrance to Podgorica
Podgorica
(E65, E80).

Public transport in Podgorica
Podgorica
consists of 11 urban and 16 suburban bus lines.[10] The city-owned AD Gradski saobraćaj public transport company used to be the sole bus operator until the 1990s, when private carriers were introduced. The company went bankrupt in 2001, and buses were since operated solely by private carriers. Public transport faces competition from very popular dispatched taxi services. De-regulation and stiff competition has made taxi services very affordable.[citation needed] Over 20 taxi companies are operating in Podgorica
Podgorica
with close to 800 vehicles in service.[citation needed] Usually, taxi companies provide a high level of service, with relatively new and uniform car fleets and GPS-tracked vehicles. Roads[edit]

Sozina Tunnel shortens the journey from Podgorica
Podgorica
to Montenegro's main port Bar, by some 25 km.

Podgorica's location in central Montenegro
Montenegro
makes it a natural hub for rail and road transport. Roads in Montenegro
Montenegro
(especially those connecting Podgorica
Podgorica
to northern Montenegro
Montenegro
and Serbia) are usually inferior to modern European roads. Both major Montenegrin motorway projects, Belgrade–Bar motorway
Belgrade–Bar motorway
and Adriatic Ionian motorway, will pass near Podgorica. The newly built Sozina tunnel (4.2 km) shortened the journey from Podgorica
Podgorica
to Bar (Montenegro's main seaport) to under 30 minutes. Also a new road bypass has been constructed in 2011, to remove transport routes from north to south of the country, out of the city centre. A south-western bypass has also been planned[citation needed], with same goal of moving heavy transport out of the city core. Podgorica
Podgorica
is also characteristic for its extensive network of multi-lane boulevards which make inner city transport quick and effective. Traffic over the Morača River
Morača River
also goes fluently since river banks are very well connected with 6 vehicular and 3 pedestrian bridges. The current main transit connections of Podgorica
Podgorica
are:

north (E65, E80), towards Belgrade
Belgrade
and on to Central Europe west (E762), towards Nikšić, Bosnia and on to Western Europe south (E65, E80) towards the Adriatic coast east (E762), towards Albania

Rail[edit]

Podgorica
Podgorica
Rail Station.

Podgorica
Podgorica
is a hub of the X-shaped Montenegrin rail network. The Belgrade–Bar line converges with the line to Nikšić
Nikšić
and line to Shkodër
Shkodër
at the Podgorica
Podgorica
Rail Station. The station itself is located 1.5 km (0.93 mi) to the southeast of the main city square. Podgorica's main railway link (for both passenger and freight traffic) is Belgrade–Bar. The link to Nikšić
Nikšić
was recently under reconstruction (electrification);[11] afterwards, passenger service started in October 2012. The rail link to Shkodër
Shkodër
is currently used as freight-only. Air[edit]

Podgorica Airport
Podgorica Airport
near Golubovci.

Podgorica Airport
Podgorica Airport
is located in Zeta Plain, 11 km (6.8 mi) south of the city centre, and is Montenegro's main international airport. Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Montenegro Podgorica
Podgorica
is twinned with:

Belgrade, Serbia Yerevan, Armenia
Armenia
(Partner city)[12] Skopje, Macedonia[13] London, United Kingdom Moscow, Russia

Tehran, Iran Ankara, Turkey Zagreb, Croatia Stockholm, Sweden

Notable people[edit] Below are some of the most notable people who were either born, or spent most of their lives in Podgorica:

Stefan Nemanja, Grand Župan of Raška Saint Sava, first Archbishop
Archbishop
of the Serbian Orthodox Church Božidar Vuković, one of the first printers amnong the South Slavs Blažo Jovanović, first President of the People's Assembly of Montenegro Dejan Savićević, football player, European Cup champion Predrag Mijatović, football player Stevan Jovetić, football player Duško Vujošević, Montenegrin basketball coach Marko Miljanov, general, clan chief and writer Vojo Stanić, sculptor and painter Novislav Đajić, Accordionist and Convicted War Criminal Risto Stijović, sculptor and painter Borislav Pekić, novelist Nikola Radović, football player, Olympic silver medalist Zoran Filipović
Zoran Filipović
football player and coach Duško Radinović, football player Simon Vukčević, football player Refik Šabanadžović football player Dejan Zlatičanin, boxer, lightweight WBC champion Dejan Radonjić, basketball player and coach Nikola Bulatović, basketball player Ljiljana Mugoša, basketball player, Olympic champion Svetlana Mugoša-Antić, basketball player, Olympic champion Nikola Mirotić, Spanish basketball player, Olympic bronze medalist and European champion Ivan Strugar, kick-boxer Anđela Bulatović, handball player, Olympic silver medalist and European champion Jovanka Radičević, handball player, Olympic silver medalist and European champion Milos Raonic, Canadian tennis player Nenad Knežević "Knez", pop singer Sergej Ćetković, pop singer

Honorary citizens[edit]

Stjepan Mesić, former President of Croatia.

Gallery[edit]

Independence Square

Monument to Karađorđe

Monument to General Vaso Brajović

References[edit]

^ "Montenegrin 2011 census". Monstat. 2011.  ^ Wells, John C. Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. Pearson Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.  ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Climatology". Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved 2012-10-13.  ^ Božić, Ivan (1979). "Nemirno pomorje XV veka" (in Serbian). Beograd: Srpska književna zadruga: 295. OCLC 5845972. почетком 1474 ... о султановој намери да обнови Подгорицу и да је насели са пет хиљада турских домаћинстава, а исто тако да подигне из рушевина стари град Балеч  ^ Ćorović, Vladimir (2005). Istorija Srba (in Serbian). Zoograf. p. 357. Retrieved 21 January 2012. ...очвидно из разлога да спрече везе између Зећана и Албанаца  ^ Mugoša: Podgorica
Podgorica
dobija svoju televiziju Archived 23 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Radovinović, Radovan; Bertić, Ivan, eds. (1984). Atlas svijeta: Novi pogled na Zemlju (in Croatian) (3rd ed.). Zagreb: Sveučilišna naklada Liber.  ^ "Monthly Statistical Review, no. 6/2014" (pdf). Monstat. 2014-05-05. Retrieved 2014-10-13.  ^ "Saobraćaj". Podgorica.me. Archived from the original on 25 March 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.  ^ "U Željeznicu ulažu 52 miliona eura".  ^ " Yerevan
Yerevan
- Partner Cities". Yerevan
Yerevan
Municipality Official Website. © 2005—2013 www.yerevan.am. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.  ^ "Official portal of City of Skopje
Skopje
Skopje
Skopje
Sister Cities". 2006–2009 City of Skopje. Retrieved 2009-07-14.  External link in publisher= (help)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Podgorica.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Podgorica.

Podgorica
Podgorica
official website Tourism Organisation of Podgorica

v t e

City of Podgorica
Podgorica

City municipalities

Golubovci Tuzi

Neighborhoods

Centar Konik Preko Morače Stara Varoš Stari Aerodrom Vrela Ribnička Zabjelo

Municipality settlements

List

Arza • Balabani • Baloči • Barlaj • Begova Glavica • Bezjovo • Benkaj • Beri • Berislavci • Bigor • Bijelo Polje • Bioče
Bioče
• Bistrice • Blizna • Bolesestra • Botun • Brežine • Briđe • Brskut • Budza • Buronji • Velje Brdo • Veruša • Vidijenje • Vilac • Vladni • Vranj • Vranjina • Vrbica • Vukovci • Vuksanlekići • Golubovci
Golubovci
• Goljemadi • Goričani • Gornje Stravče
Gornje Stravče
Gornji Kokoti
Gornji Kokoti
• Gornji Milješ • Gostilj • Gradac • Grbavci • Grbi Do • Gurec • Delaj • Dinoša • Dolovi • Donje Stravče • Donji Kokoti
Donji Kokoti
• Donji Milješ • Draževina
Draževina
• Drešaj • Drume • Duga • Dučići • Dušići • Duške • Đurkovići
Đurkovići
• Zagreda • Zaugao • Kiselica • Klopot • Kopilje • Kornet • Kosor • Kotrabudan • Koći
Koći
• Kržanja • Kruse • Krševo • Kurilo • Lekići • Lijeva Rijeka • Liješnje • Liješta • Lovka • Lopate • Lužnica • Lutovo • Ljajkovići • Mataguži
Mataguži
• Mahala • Medun • Mileti • Mitrovići • Mojanovići • Momče • Mrke • Mužeška • Nabon • Nikmaraš
Nikmaraš
• Ožezi • Omerbožovići • Opasanica • Oraovice • Orasi • Orahovo • Parci • Pelev Brijeg • Petrovići • Pikalj • Podgorica
Podgorica
• Podhum • Ponari • Poprat • Prisoja • Prifti • Progonovići • Radeća • Radovče • Rakića Kuće • Raći • Releza • Rijeka Piperska • Rudine • Selište • Seoca • Seoštica • Sjenice • Skorać • Slacko • Spinja • Srpska • Staniselići • Stanjevića Rupa • Stijena • Stjepovo • Stupovi • Sukuruć • Trabojin • Trmanje • Tuzi
Tuzi
Tuzi
Tuzi
Ljevorečke • Ćafa • Ćepetići • Ubalac • Ubli • Farmaci • Fundina • Helmnica • Cvilin • Cijevna
Cijevna
• Crvena Paprat • Crnci • Šušunja

Geography

Cijevna Mareza Morača Ribnica Sitnica Zeta Zeta plain

Landmarks

Adži-paša's bridge Blažo Jovanović
Blažo Jovanović
Bridge Clock Tower Dajbabska Gora Tower Ribnica Fortress Duklja Millennium Bridge Medun Moscow
Moscow
Bridge Republic Square Roman Square Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ Dajbabe Monastery Church of the Holy Heart of Jesus

Culture

Doclean Academy of Sciences and Arts Matica crnogorska Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts Montenegrin National Theatre Montenegrin PEN Center Montenegrin Symphony Orchestra

Sports venues

Morača
Morača
Sports Center Podgorica
Podgorica
City Stadium Camp FSCG Stadion Malih Sportova Stadion Trešnjica Stadion Tuško Polje Stadion Cvijetni Brijeg Stadion na Koniku Stari Ribnjak Stadium Tološi Stadium Stadion Zlatica Zabjelo
Zabjelo
Stadium Stadion Masline Stadion Ljajkovići

Sport clubs

SD Budućnost FK Budućnost KK Budućnost RK Budućnost OK Budućnost ŽRK Budućnost ŽOK Budućnost ŽFK Budućnost FK Blue Star FK Bratstvo FK Crvena Stijena FK Dečić FK Drezga FK Grafičar FK Kom FK Mladost OFK Mladost 1970 FK Napredak FK Ribnica FK Zabjelo FK Zeta Rugby Podgorica Rugby Budućnost

Events

Podgorica
Podgorica
Marathon WTA Podgorica

Education

Gymnasium "Slobodan Škerović" University of Montenegro University of Donja Gorica University Mediteran

Media

RTCG Altlas Pink M 1Prva TV Vijesti Dan Dnevne Novine Pobjeda Vijesti Monitor

Shopping malls

Delta City Mall of Montenegro

Companies

VOLI Plantaže

Transportation

Podgorica
Podgorica
Airport Podgorica
Podgorica
railway station

v t e

Seats of Montenegrin Municipalities

Andrijevica Bar Berane Bijelo Polje Budva Cetinje Danilovgrad Gusinje Herceg Novi Kolašin Kotor Mojkovac Nikšić Petnjica Plav Pljevlja Plužine Podgorica Rožaje Šavnik Tivat Ulcinj Žabljak

v t e

Capitals of European states and territories

Capitals of dependent territories and states whose sovereignty is disputed shown in italics.

Western

Amsterdam, Netherlands1 Andorra la Vella, Andorra Bern, Switzerland Brussels, Belgium2 Douglas, Isle of Man (UK) Dublin, Ireland London, United Kingdom Luxembourg, Luxembourg Paris, France Saint Helier, Jersey (UK) Saint Peter Port, Guernsey (UK)

Northern

Copenhagen, Denmark Helsinki, Finland Longyearbyen, Svalbard (Norway) Mariehamn, Åland Islands (Finland) Nuuk, Greenland (Denmark) Olonkinbyen, Jan Mayen (Norway) Oslo, Norway Reykjavík, Iceland Stockholm, Sweden Tórshavn, Faroe Islands (Denmark)

Central

Berlin, Germany Bratislava, Slovakia Budapest, Hungary Ljubljana, Slovenia Prague, Czech Republic Vaduz, Liechtenstein Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland

Southern

Ankara, Turkey3 Athens, Greece Belgrade, Serbia Bucharest, Romania Gibraltar, Gibraltar (UK) Lisbon, Portugal Madrid, Spain Monaco, Monaco Nicosia, Cyprus4 North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus4, 5 Podgorica, Montenegro Pristina, Kosovo5 Rome, Italy San Marino, San Marino Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Skopje, Macedonia Sofia, Bulgaria Tirana, Albania Valletta, Malta Vatican City, Vatican City Zagreb, Croatia

Eastern

Astana, Kazakhstan3 Baku, Azerbaijan3 Chișinău, Moldova Kiev, Ukraine Minsk, Belarus Moscow, Russia3 Riga, Latvia Stepanakert, Artsakh4, 5 Sukhumi, Abkhazia3, 5 Tallinn, Estonia Tbilisi, Georgia3 Tiraspol, Transnistria5 Tskhinvali, South Ossetia3, 5 Vilnius, Lithuania Yerevan, Armenia3

1 Also the capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2 Also the seat of the European Union, see Institutional seats of the European Union
European Union
and Brussels
Brussels
and the European Union 3 Transcontinental country 4 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe 5 Partially recognised country

v t e

Capital cities of the Candidate Countries of the European Union

Turkey: Ankara

Serbia: Belgrade

Montenegro: Podgorica

Republic of Macedonia: Skopje

Albania: Tirana

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127589542 LCCN: no93014419 GND: 4120067-6 BNF:

.