Podgorica (/ˈpɒdɡɒrɪtsə/ POD-gorr-ih-tsə; Montenegrin
Cyrillic: Подгорица, pronounced [pǒdɡoritsa], lit.
"[area] below Gorica [name of a hillock overlooking the city]") is the
capital and largest city of Montenegro. The city was also called
Titograd (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Титоград, [tîtoɡraːd])
between 1946 and 1992 when
Montenegro was part of the Socialist
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), in honour of Josip Broz Tito.
Podgorica's favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and
Morača rivers and the meeting point of the fertile
Zeta Plain and
Bjelopavlići Valley has encouraged settlement. The city is close to
winter ski centres in the north and seaside resorts on the Adriatic
Podgorica Municipality contains 10.4% of Montenegro's territory
and 29.9% of its population. It is the administrative centre of
Montenegro and its economic, cultural and educational focus.
4.2 Middle Ages
4.3 Modern period
11.1 City Parliament
11.2 Local subdivisions
13.1 Public transport
14 Twin towns – sister cities
15 Notable people
15.1 Honorary citizens
18 External links
Podgorica means "[area] below Gorica" (Gorica, meaning
"little hill" or "hillock", is one of the hillocks overlooking the
city), Gorica being the name of the cypress-covered hill that
overlooks the city centre.
Some three kilometres (1.9 miles) north-west of
Podgorica lie the
ruins of Roman-era Doclea, from which
In later centuries, Romans "corrected" the name to Dioclea, guessing
wrongly that an "i" had been lost in vulgar speech. "Duklja" is the
later (South Slavic) version of that word.
When founded (before the 11th century), the town was called
Birziminium. In the Middle Ages, it was known as Ribnica (Montenegrin
Cyrillic: Рибница, pronounced [rîbnit͡sa]). The name
Podgorica was used from 1326. From 1946 to 1992, the city was named
Titograd in honour of Josip Broz Tito, the former President of
Podgorica is located in central Montenegro. The area is crossed with
rivers and the city itself is only 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north
of Lake Skadar. The
Morača and Ribnica rivers flow through the city,
while the Zeta, Cijevna, Sitnica and
Mareza flow nearby.
the largest river in the city, being 70 m or 230 ft wide
near downtown, and having carved a 20 m or 66 ft deep canyon
for the length of its course through the city. Except
Morača and Zeta, other rivers have an appearance of small
creeks. The richness in bodies of water is a major feature of the
In contrast to most of Montenegro,
Podgorica lies in a mainly flat
area at the northern end of the Zeta plain, at an elevation of
40 m (130 ft). The only exceptions are hills which overlook
the city. The most significant is 130.3 m (427 ft) high
Gorica Hill (pronounced [ˈɡǒrit͜sa]), city's namesake, which
rises above the city centre. The other hills include Malo brdo
("little hill", 205.4 m or 674 ft), Velje brdo ("big hill",
283 m or 928 ft), Ljubović (101 m or 331 ft) and
Dajbapska gora (172 m or 564 ft). In the main, these are too
steep for development and thus limit the city's expansion, especially
to the north. However, urbanization has been encroaching on the lower
slopes of the hills since the 1990s.
Podgorica city proper has an area
of 108 square kilometres (42 sq mi), while actual urbanized
area is much smaller.
Morača river canyon.
Cijevna waterfalls near Podgorica
Podgorica panoramic view.
Under the Köppen climate classification,
Podgorica has a borderline
Mediterranean climate (Csa) and humid subtropical climate (Cfa), since
there is only one summer month with less than 40 millimeters
(1.6 in) of precipitation, with summer highs around
30 °C (86 °F) and winter highs around 10 °C
(50 °F). Although the city is only some 35 km (22 mi)
north of the Adriatic Sea, an arm of the Mediterranean, Rumija
mountain acts as a natural
Dinaric Alps barrier, separating Skadar
Lake basin and
Podgorica area from the sea, thus limiting temperate
maritime influence on the local climate.
The mean annual rainfall is 1,600 mm (63 in).[citation
needed] The temperature exceeds 25 °C (77 °F) on about 135
days each year and the median daily temperature is 15.6 °C
(60.1 °F). The number of rainy days is about 120, and those with
a strong wind around 60. An occasional strong northerly wind
influences the climate in the winter, with a wind chill effect
lowering the perceived temperature by a few degrees.
The all-time maximum snowfall record was beaten on 11 February 2012,
when 58 cm (23 in) of snowfall were measured. Before that,
the biggest snowfall in
Podgorica was in 1954, when 52 cm
(20 in) of snowfall were recorded.
Climate data for Podgorica
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro
Source #2: BBC Weather:Podgorica
See also: List of
Podgorica neighbourhoods and suburbs
Panoramic view of the Roman square
View from Gorica Hill
Podgorica's mixture of architectural styles reflects the turbulent
history of the city and country: as one régime replaced another, the
corresponding style was introduced.
As part of the
Ottoman Empire until 1878,
Podgorica has many examples
of Turkish architecture. The oldest parts of the
city, Stara Varoš (Old town) and Drač are typical of this, with two
mosques, a Turkish clock tower and narrow, winding streets.
City Clock Tower.
When the city was incorporated to Montenegro, the urban core shifted
to the other bank of the Ribnica River, where the town developed in a
more European style: wider streets with an orthogonal layout. This
part of the city is today traditionally regarded as city centre, and
is called Nova Varoš (New town)
During World War II,
Podgorica was almost razed to the ground, being
bombed over 70 times. After liberation, rebuilding
began as in other cities of the communist-ruled SFRY. Mass residential
blocks were erected, with basic design typical of Eastern bloc
countries. All that part of the city on the right
bank of the
Morača River was built this way.
The main contemporary traffic arteries were laid out during this
period, which extended the orthogonal street layout of city center, to
the south and west. Residential and infrastructural developments in
the SFRY era have mostly shaped the layout of today's Podgorica, and
accommodated the unprecedented population growth that followed World
War II.
Blažo Jovanović Bridge
Blažo Jovanović Bridge over the Morača.
Office building at George Washington Street
Highrise housing in Podgorica.
Delta Shopping Mall.
Construction boom in Podgorica.
A major advance in
Podgorica architecture began in the late 1990s and,
since then, the face of the city has changed rapidly. Residential and
business construction are proceeding rapidly, incorporating
contemporary glass-and-steel architectural trends. In an effort to
create a recognizable and modern state capital, city officials are
routing significant investments in city's public spaces. Thus, the
city has gained entirely new squares, parks and monuments. New
landmarks include the Hristovog Vaskrsenja orthodox temple and the
Millennium Bridge, the main feature of the
A panoramic view of the
Moscow bridge (right) and the Millennium
Bridge (left). (Swipe left or right)
Doclea , Roman town, the seat of the Late Roman province of
The headquarters of the European Union, UN and OSCE in Podgorica.
Podgorica is at the crossroads of several historically important
routes, near the rivers Zeta, Morača, Cijevna, Ribnica, Sitnica and
Mareza in the valley of
Lake Skadar and near the Adriatic Sea, in
fertile lowlands with favourable climate. The earliest human
settlements were in prehistory: the oldest physical remains are from
the late Stone Age.
In the Iron Age, the area between the Zeta and Bjelopavlići valleys
was occupied by two Illyrian tribes, the
Labeates and the Docleatae.
The population of the town of Doclea was 8,000–10,000, in which all
core urban issues were resolved. The high population density (in an
area of about 10 km (6 mi) radius) was made possible by the
geographical position, favourable climate and economic conditions and
by the defensive positions that were of great importance at that time.
King Nikola I monument
From the 5th century AD, with the arrival of the first Slavic and Avar
tribes and the beginning of the break-up of the Roman Empire, the area
bore witness to many noteworthy events. With time,
the fortifications ceased their function and new towns were built; a
new settlement probably named after the Ribnica river, on whose banks
it was built, Ribnica, was established. It was first mentioned during
the reign of the Nemanjić dynasty, as part of the Serbian kingdom.
The importance of Ribnica was its position as crossroads in
communications with the west.
Podgorica was first mentioned in 1326 in a court document of
Kotor archives. The city was economically strong: trade routes
Republic of Ragusa
Republic of Ragusa and Serbia, well developed at that
time, were maintained via the road that led to
Trebinje and Nikšić. As a busy crossroad,
Podgorica was a vibrant
regional centre of trade and communication. This boosted its
development, economic power, military strength and strategic
Ottoman Empire captured
Podgorica in 1474.
Podgorica became a kaza
Sanjak of Scutari in 1479. The Ottomans built a large fortress
in Podgorica, and the existing settlement, with its highly developed
merchant connections, became the main Ottoman defensive and attacking
bastion in the region. At the beginning of 1474 the Ottoman sultan
intended to rebuild
Baleč and settle them with 5,000
Muslim families (most of Slavic or Albanian origin), in order to
stop cooperation between the
Principality of Zeta and Albania
View of Ribnica fortress and Old bridge,
Catholic Church (right),
Debbaglar Bridge, government mansion and the Mirko Varosh Hotel (far
left), before 1901.
Podgorica fell again, but this time to the Turks in 1484, and the
character of the town changed extensively. The Turks fortified the
city, building towers, gates, and defensive ramparts that give
Podgorica the appearance of an oriental military city.
Podgorica became a kaze of the
Scutari Vilayet called
Böğürtlen ("blackberry", also known as Burguriçe). After a
long-lasting war in which
Montenegrins fought for their independence
from the Turks,
Podgorica was ultimately united by the decision of the
Congress of Berlin
Congress of Berlin under the flag of the Kingdom of
Montenegro in 1878. At that time there were about 1,500 houses in
Podgorica, with more than 8.000 people living there - of Orthodox,
Roman Catholic, and Muslim faiths flourishing together.
Podgorica in World War II
World War II
World War II memorial on Gorica Hill
Dajbabska Gora Tower
Dajbabska Gora Tower at night.
Berlin Congress in 1878, when
Podgorica was annexed to the
Montenegro (marking the end of four centuries of
Ottoman rule, and the beginning of a new era for
Montenegro), the city developed quickly and became a strong
marketplace. The first forms of capital concentration
were seen in 1902, when Roads were built to all neighbouring towns,
and tobacco became Podgorica's first significant commercial product.
Then in 1904, a savings bank named Zetska formed the first significant
financial institution, and it would soon grow into Podgorička Bank.
World War I marked the end of dynamic development for Podgorica, which
by then was the largest city in the newly proclaimed Kingdom of
Podgorica was occupied, as was the rest of the country, by
Austria-Hungary from 1916 to 1918. After the liberation by the Allies
in 1918, the controversial
Podgorica Assembly marked the end of
Montenegrin statehood, as
Montenegro was merged with the Kingdom of
Serbia and eventually incorporated into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In
the Interwar period, the population of
Podgorica was about 13,000.
Podgorica suffered heavily during World War II; the city was bombed
over 70 times throughout the course of the war, razing it to the
ground and causing the deaths of over 4,100 people. The city was
liberated on 19 December 1944, and on 13 July 1946, it became the
capital of the Socialist Republic of
Montenegro (one of the republics
of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) under the name
Titograd. A period of unprecedented expansion followed; as in the rest
of Yugoslavia, the population increased dramatically, the city was
heavily industrialised, infrastructure was improved, and health,
educational, and cultural institutions were founded, transforming the
city into the commercial, socio-economic, and cultural centre of the
country. The progress halted again in th 1990s with the breakup of
Yugoslavia, and the name of
Podgorica was reinstated on 2 April 1992,
Montenegro entered a federal state.
Yugoslav wars bypassed Montenegro, but the entire
country was greatly affected economically with severe economic
stagnation lasting throughout the 1990s due to international
sanctions. The economy began to recover in the early 2000s, and
following successful a independence referendum in May 2006, Podgorica
became the official capital of an independent state, boosting its
status as a regional centre and raising its economic prospects.
Podgorica is the seat of Montenegro's Parliament and government,
but not of the country's President, who resides in the former royal
Podgorica Cathedral interior.
King Nikola I Petrović is art gallery.
Montenegrin National Theatre
National Museum of Montenegro
Podgorica is home to many Montenegrin cultural institutions and
events. It hosts the
Montenegrin National Theatre
Montenegrin National Theatre and a number of
museums and galleries. The
Montenegrin National Theatre
Montenegrin National Theatre is the most
significant theatre not only in
Podgorica but in all of Montenegro.
Podgorica is also host to the City Theatre (Gradsko pozorište), which
includes the Children's Theatre and the Puppet Theatre. Although not
as rich in museums and galleries as the historic royal capital
Cetinje, there are several noteworthy museums:
Podgorica City Museum (Muzej grada Podgorice) preserves
Podgorica's rich heritage. Founded in 1950, it has four categories:
archaeological, ethnographic, historical and cultural-historical. It
houses artefacts which date back to the Roman and Illyrian
The Archaeological Research Centre (Centar za arheološka
istraživanja) was founded in 1961. Its mission is to gather,
classify, restore and display archaeological sites.
Marko Miljanov Museum (Muzej Marka Miljanova) in
Medun shows life
in 19th century Montenegro.
The Natural History Museum (Prirodnjački muzej) displays specimens of
Montenegrin flora and fauna. This museum has no exhibition space of
its own, despite many proposals and initiatives to build one.[citation
There is a notable art gallery in the Dvorac Petrovića (Petrović
Castle) complex in Podgorica's largest public park. King Nicholas's
castle, Perjanički Dom (House of the Honour Guard), castle chapel and
surrounding buildings were converted to an art gallery in 1984. Since
1995, it has been part of the Modern Arts Centre (Centar savremenih
umjetnosti) and houses approximately 1,500 works of art. The historic
Cinema of Culture (Kino Kultura), which was founded in 1949, was
closed in November 2008 due to continuous financial losses it
generated. It was the only cinema in the city for 6 decades. The
building of the former cinema will be converted to host the Podgorica
City Theatre. Shortly after its closure, a
acquired by Cineplexx) 6-screen multiplex cinema opened at Delta City
A significant cultural institution of over fifty years' standing is
the Budo Tomović Cultural-Informational Centre (KIC Budo Tomović).
It is a public institution which organizes various artistic events,
Podgorica Cultural Summer (Podgoričko Kulturno Ljeto), FIAT
– International Alternative Theatre Festival (Festival
Internacionalnog Alternativnog Teatra), DEUS – December Arts Scene
(Decembarska Umjetnička Scena).
Radio and Television of Montenegro.
Podgorica is the media hub of Montenegro. It is home to the
headquarters of the state-owned public television broadcaster RTCG.
Commercial broadcasters in
Podgorica include RTV Atlas, TV Vijesti,
Pink M and 1Prva. It was announced that the city's local television
will be launched soon. Their programmes can be received in much of
All Montenegro's daily newspapers (oldest Montenegrin daily newspaper
Dnevne Novine and Dan) are published in Podgorica,
as the weekly magazine Monitor.
Morača Sports Center.
The most popular sports by far are football and basketball. Basketball
became especially popular with the success in the late 20th and early
21st centuries of KK Budućnost, both in Regional and European
Podgorica has a long tradition associated with Budućnost.
Predrag Mijatović and
Dejan Savićević were
Podgorica and made their debut in that team. The club FK Zeta
Podgorica suburb of
Golubovci has also reached the former
first league of
Serbia and Montenegro. These clubs, along with
Sutjeska from Nikšić, usually compete with each other for leading
position in the First League of Montenegro. Other clubs from Podgorica
and its surroundings play in the Montenegrin First League e.g. Dečić
(Tuzi), Kom and Mladost. One of the most popular clubs from the
FK Ribnica from Konik and
FK Zabjelo from Zabjelo
The volleyball team OK Budućnost and the women's handball team ŽRK
Budućnost T-Mobile have had significant success in European
Budućnost Podgorica is the most important sports club in
Podgorica. Its name means Future.
Chess is another popular sport and some famous global chess players,
like Slavko Dedić, are born in Podgorica.
Sporting events like the annual
Podgorica Marathon and the Morača
River jumps attract international competitors.
Podgorica was the host
of 2009 FINA Men's Water Polo World League.
Podgorica City Stadium
Podgorica has a number of sporting venues; some are under
reconstruction and expansion. The main ones are:
Podgorica City Stadium. When the eastern stand is completed, it will
have a capacity of 24,000. It is the home of FK
Budućnost Podgorica and the
Montenegro national football team. It is
currently the only venue in
Montenegro that complies with FIFA
standards for international football matches.
Morača Sports Center, a multi functional indoor sport facility. It
has a capacity of 4,200 seats. It hosted one group of Eurobasket 2005,
while other games were played in Belgrade, Vršac, and Novi Sad.
Almost every football club in
Podgorica has its own stadium, although
these are often only fields with small stands or no stands at all.
Other notable venues are the
Stadion malih sportova
Stadion malih sportova under Gorica hill
and the sport shooting range under Ljubović hill. There are many
other sports facilities around the city, most notably indoor soccer
Central Bank of Montenegro.
Aerial view of the
Plantaže wineyard, this wine field is the largest
single one in Europe.
Podgorica is not only the administrative centre of Montenegro, but
also its main economic engine. Most of Montenegro's industrial,
financial, and commercial base is in Podgorica.
Before World War I, most of Podgorica's economy was in trade and
small-scale manufacture, which was an economic model established
during the long rule of the Ottoman Empire. After
World War II,
Podgorica became Montenegro's capital and a focus of the
rapid urbanization and industrialization of the SFRY era. Industries
such as aluminium and tobacco processing, textiles, engineering,
vehicle production, and wine production were established in and around
the city. In 1981, Podgorica's GDP per capita was 87% of the Yugoslav
In the early 1990s, the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Yugoslav wars, and
the UN-imposed sanctions left Podgorica's industries without
traditional markets, suppliers, and available funds. This, combined
with typical transition pressures, led to a decline of the industrial
base, where many industries collapsed leaving thousands of citizens
unemployed. However, some of the industries,
Podgorica aluminium smelter and Plantaže, managed to
survive the turmoil of the 1990s, and are still major contributors to
Montenegrin export and industrial output to this day.
Montenegro began its push for independence from
Serbia in the late
Podgorica greatly benefited from increased concentration of
government and service sectors. In addition to almost
the entire country's government,
Podgorica is home to the Montenegro
Stock Exchange and other major Montenegrin financial institutions,
along with telecommunications carriers, media outlets, Montenegrin
flag carrier airline, and other significant institutions and
The large presence of government and service sectors spared the
Podgorica from prolonged stagnation in the late 2000s
recession, which hit
Montenegro hard. Although, in mid-2014, some 30%
of Montenegro's citizens lived in Podgorica, the municipality
accounted for 44% of the country's employed. Out of the entire mass of
paid nwt salaries in
Montenegro in that year, some 47% was paid in
Podgorica. The average monthly net salary in May, 2014 was €509 in
The Capital Plaza
George Washington boulevard
George Washington boulevard
Kruševac Shoping Center
Further information: Demographics of Podgorica
Although medium-sized by European standards,
Podgorica is by far the
largest city in Montenegro: almost one third of Montenegrin citizens
live there. According to the 2011 census, there are 185,937 people in
Podgorica Capital City, which is analogous to metropolitan area, and
includes the small towns of
Tuzi and Golubovci, while 150,977 people
live within the city proper.
Out of total population of
Podgorica Capital City, 48.73% are male,
while 51.27% are female. Average age of
Podgorica population is 35.7.
Serbian is the most spoken language, with 42.4% of
declaring it as their first language. It is followed closely by
Montenegrin, at 41.17%. Other significant languages spoken in
Podgorica are Albanian (5.53%) and Romani (1.81%).
The majority of
Podgorica citizens are Serbian Orthodox Christians
(78.27%), while there are significant minorities of
and Catholics (4.27%).
Nationality (2011 census)
Cathedral of Podgorica.
Podgorica is home to three main religious groups: Orthodox Christians,
Muslims and Catholic Christians.
Orthodox Christian population mostly originates from the local
Serb population, which accepted Orthodox Christianity
Middle Ages after a major split during The Great Schism. They
represent the major religious group. There are various Eastern
Orthodox churches in the City such as St. George Church which
originates from the 13th century, or Cathedral of the Resurrection of
Christ which is largest church in the city to have been recently
erected. The Muslim population mostly originates from local Bosniaks,
as well as Albanians.
There are several mosques in
Podgorica and Tuzi. Catholic population
mainly consists of local Albanian minority. The main religious site
for the Catholic population located in the Konik neighbourhood is the
Church of the Holy Heart of Jesus constructed in 1966, in Brutalist
style which makes this object unique. Other Catholic objects are
located in eastern suburb Tuzi.
Did not declare
Podgorica City Hall.
Podgorica urban subdivisions.
The city administration consists of mayor, city assembly and a number
of secretariats and administrative bodies which together act as a city
local government. The city assembly has 59 members, elected directly
for four-year terms. The mayor used to be directly elected for
five-year term, but since the new law was introduced in Montenegrin
municipalities mayors will be elected by the city assembly and will
have to maintain its support during his term. Separate elections are
held for local sub-divisions of
Tuzi since it is part of
their administrative autonomy inside
Podgorica municipality. Constant
questions are raised by various politicians over gaining separate
municipality status for
Golubovci and Tuzi
On local elections held on 25 May 2014, the Democratic Party of
Socialists won 29 seats in the municipal assembly, one short of 30
needed to form a majority. Democratic Front won 17 seats, SNP won 8
seats, while coalition made of Positive
Montenegro and SDP won 5
seats. After lengthy negotiations, SDP dissolved coalition with
Pozitivna, and made arrangement on forming majority with DPS, similar
to one they have in national government. While SDP is longtime partner
of DPS at national level, it has been in opposition in Podgorica
municipal assembly in 2010-2014 period. Since October 2014, position
of the mayor is held by DPS official, Slavoljub Stijepović, replacing
Podgorica mayor od 14 years, Miomir Mugoša.
Democratic Party of Socialists
29 / 60
12 / 60
6 / 60
5 / 60
Socialist People's Party
2 / 60
Social Democratic Party
2 / 60
1 / 60
United Reform Action
1 / 60
1 / 60
Main article: Subdivisions of Podgorica
The municipality of
Podgorica consists of
Podgorica City Proper and
two subdivisions called city municipalities (градске
општине, gradske opštine),
Golubovci and Tuzi.
The entire municipality of
Podgorica is further divided into 57 local
communities (мјесне заједнице, mjesne zajednice),
bodies in which the citizens participate in decisions on matters of
relevance to the local community.
Most of Montenegro's higher education establishments are in Podgorica.
It is home to the University of Montenegro, the country's most
significant such institution. The following faculties are in
Faculty of Economics
Faculty of Law
Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Faculty of Metallurgy and Technology
Faculty of Political Sciences
Faculty of Civil Engineering
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Montenegro , Faculty of Civil Engineering.
Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Pharmacy
Faculty of Architecture
Faculty of Biotechnology
The university's scientific research institutes are in the city:
Institute of Foreign Languages
Institute of Biotechnology
Institute of History
Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts
Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts is in Podgorica, as is
the DANU cultural organization.
Mediterranean University was founded 2006 as first private
university in Montenegro. In the meantime, the number of private
institutions for higher education has increased, like UDG - University
of Donja Gorica. The municipality of
Podgorica has 34 elementary
schools and 10 secondary schools, including one gymnasium. The first
secondary school established in
Podgorica is Gymnasium "Slobodan
Škerović". The rebuilt economic high school offers new features and
higher quality education. The Radosav Ljumović National Library is
considered the most comprehensive in Montenegro.
Northern entrance to
Podgorica (E65, E80).
Public transport in
Podgorica consists of 11 urban and 16 suburban bus
lines. The city-owned AD Gradski saobraćaj public transport
company used to be the sole bus operator until the 1990s, when private
carriers were introduced. The company went bankrupt in 2001, and buses
were since operated solely by private carriers.
Public transport faces competition from very popular dispatched taxi
services. De-regulation and stiff competition has made taxi services
very affordable. Over 20 taxi companies are operating
Podgorica with close to 800 vehicles in service.
Usually, taxi companies provide a high level of service, with
relatively new and uniform car fleets and GPS-tracked vehicles.
Sozina Tunnel shortens the journey from
Podgorica to Montenegro's main
port Bar, by some 25 km.
Podgorica's location in central
Montenegro makes it a natural hub for
rail and road transport. Roads in
Montenegro (especially those
Podgorica to northern
Montenegro and Serbia) are usually
inferior to modern European roads. Both major Montenegrin motorway
Belgrade–Bar motorway and Adriatic Ionian motorway, will
pass near Podgorica. The newly built
Sozina tunnel (4.2 km)
shortened the journey from
Podgorica to Bar (Montenegro's main
seaport) to under 30 minutes. Also a new road bypass has been
constructed in 2011, to remove transport routes from north to south of
the country, out of the city centre. A south-western bypass has also
been planned, with same goal of moving heavy
transport out of the city core.
Podgorica is also characteristic for
its extensive network of multi-lane boulevards which make inner city
transport quick and effective. Traffic over the
Morača River also
goes fluently since river banks are very well connected with 6
vehicular and 3 pedestrian bridges.
The current main transit connections of
north (E65, E80), towards
Belgrade and on to Central Europe
west (E762), towards Nikšić, Bosnia and on to Western Europe
south (E65, E80) towards the Adriatic coast
east (E762), towards Albania
Podgorica Rail Station.
Podgorica is a hub of the X-shaped Montenegrin rail network. The
Belgrade–Bar line converges with the line to
Nikšić and line to
Shkodër at the
Podgorica Rail Station. The station itself is located
1.5 km (0.93 mi) to the southeast of the main city square.
Podgorica's main railway link (for both passenger and freight traffic)
is Belgrade–Bar. The link to
Nikšić was recently under
reconstruction (electrification); afterwards, passenger service
started in October 2012. The rail link to
Shkodër is currently used
Podgorica Airport near Golubovci.
Podgorica Airport is located in Zeta Plain, 11 km (6.8 mi)
south of the city centre, and is Montenegro's main international
Twin towns – sister cities
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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Montenegro
Podgorica is twinned with:
Armenia (Partner city)
London, United Kingdom
Below are some of the most notable people who were either born, or
spent most of their lives in Podgorica:
Grand Župan of Raška
Saint Sava, first
Archbishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church
Božidar Vuković, one of the first printers amnong the South Slavs
Blažo Jovanović, first President of the People's Assembly of
Dejan Savićević, football player, European Cup champion
Predrag Mijatović, football player
Stevan Jovetić, football player
Duško Vujošević, Montenegrin basketball coach
Marko Miljanov, general, clan chief and writer
Vojo Stanić, sculptor and painter
Novislav Đajić, Accordionist and Convicted War Criminal
Risto Stijović, sculptor and painter
Borislav Pekić, novelist
Nikola Radović, football player, Olympic silver medalist
Zoran Filipović football player and coach
Duško Radinović, football player
Simon Vukčević, football player
Refik Šabanadžović football player
Dejan Zlatičanin, boxer, lightweight WBC champion
Dejan Radonjić, basketball player and coach
Nikola Bulatović, basketball player
Ljiljana Mugoša, basketball player, Olympic champion
Svetlana Mugoša-Antić, basketball player, Olympic champion
Nikola Mirotić, Spanish basketball player, Olympic bronze medalist
and European champion
Ivan Strugar, kick-boxer
Anđela Bulatović, handball player, Olympic silver medalist and
Jovanka Radičević, handball player, Olympic silver medalist and
Milos Raonic, Canadian tennis player
Nenad Knežević "Knez", pop singer
Sergej Ćetković, pop singer
Stjepan Mesić, former President of Croatia.
Monument to Karađorđe
Monument to General Vaso Brajović
^ "Montenegrin 2011 census". Monstat. 2011.
^ Wells, John C. Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. Pearson Longman.
^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated
world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF).
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644.
doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. CS1 maint:
Multiple names: authors list (link)
^ "Climatology". Hydrological and Meteorological Service of
Montenegro. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
^ Božić, Ivan (1979). "Nemirno pomorje XV veka" (in Serbian).
Beograd: Srpska književna zadruga: 295. OCLC 5845972.
почетком 1474 ... о султановој намери да
обнови Подгорицу и да је насели са пет
хиљада турских домаћинстава, а исто
тако да подигне из рушевина стари град
^ Ćorović, Vladimir (2005). Istorija Srba (in Serbian). Zoograf.
p. 357. Retrieved 21 January 2012. ...очвидно из
разлога да спрече везе између Зећана и
Podgorica dobija svoju televiziju Archived 23 July 2011 at
the Wayback Machine.
^ Radovinović, Radovan; Bertić, Ivan, eds. (1984). Atlas svijeta:
Novi pogled na Zemlju (in Croatian) (3rd ed.). Zagreb: Sveučilišna
^ "Monthly Statistical Review, no. 6/2014" (pdf). Monstat. 2014-05-05.
^ "Saobraćaj". Podgorica.me. Archived from the original on 25 March
2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
^ "U Željeznicu ulažu 52 miliona eura".
Yerevan - Partner Cities".
Yerevan Municipality Official Website.
© 2005—2013 www.yerevan.am. Archived from the original on 5
November 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
^ "Official portal of City of
Skopje Sister Cities".
2006–2009 City of Skopje. Retrieved 2009-07-14. External link
in publisher= (help)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Podgorica.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Podgorica.
Podgorica official website
Tourism Organisation of Podgorica
Arza • Balabani • Baloči • Barlaj • Begova Glavica •
Bezjovo • Benkaj • Beri • Berislavci • Bigor • Bijelo Polje
Bioče • Bistrice • Blizna • Bolesestra • Botun •
Brežine • Briđe • Brskut • Budza • Buronji • Velje Brdo
• Veruša • Vidijenje • Vilac • Vladni • Vranj • Vranjina
• Vrbica • Vukovci • Vuksanlekići •
Golubovci • Goljemadi
• Goričani •
Gornje Stravče •
Gornji Kokoti • Gornji Milješ
• Gostilj • Gradac • Grbavci • Grbi Do • Gurec • Delaj •
Dinoša • Dolovi • Donje Stravče •
Donji Kokoti • Donji
Draževina • Drešaj • Drume • Duga • Dučići •
Dušići • Duške •
Đurkovići • Zagreda • Zaugao •
Kiselica • Klopot • Kopilje • Kornet • Kosor • Kotrabudan
Koći • Kržanja • Kruse • Krševo • Kurilo • Lekići
• Lijeva Rijeka • Liješnje • Liješta • Lovka • Lopate •
Lužnica • Lutovo • Ljajkovići •
Mataguži • Mahala • Medun
• Mileti • Mitrovići •
Mojanovići • Momče • Mrke •
Mužeška • Nabon •
Nikmaraš • Ožezi • Omerbožovići •
Opasanica • Oraovice • Orasi • Orahovo • Parci • Pelev
Brijeg • Petrovići • Pikalj •
Podgorica • Podhum • Ponari
• Poprat • Prisoja • Prifti • Progonovići • Radeća •
Radovče • Rakića Kuće • Raći • Releza • Rijeka Piperska
• Rudine • Selište • Seoca • Seoštica • Sjenice •
Skorać • Slacko • Spinja • Srpska • Staniselići •
Stanjevića Rupa • Stijena • Stjepovo • Stupovi • Sukuruć •
Trabojin • Trmanje •
Tuzi Ljevorečke • Ćafa •
Ćepetići • Ubalac • Ubli • Farmaci • Fundina • Helmnica
• Cvilin •
Cijevna • Crvena Paprat • Crnci • Šušunja
Blažo Jovanović Bridge
Dajbabska Gora Tower
Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ
Church of the Holy Heart of Jesus
Doclean Academy of Sciences and Arts
Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts
Montenegrin National Theatre
Montenegrin PEN Center
Montenegrin Symphony Orchestra
Morača Sports Center
Podgorica City Stadium
Stadion Malih Sportova
Stadion Tuško Polje
Stadion Cvijetni Brijeg
Stadion na Koniku
Stari Ribnjak Stadium
FK Blue Star
FK Crvena Stijena
OFK Mladost 1970
Gymnasium "Slobodan Škerović"
University of Montenegro
University of Donja Gorica
Mall of Montenegro
Podgorica railway station
Seats of Montenegrin Municipalities
Capitals of European states and territories
Capitals of dependent territories and states whose sovereignty is
disputed shown in italics.
Andorra la Vella, Andorra
Douglas, Isle of Man (UK)
London, United Kingdom
Saint Helier, Jersey (UK)
Saint Peter Port, Guernsey (UK)
Longyearbyen, Svalbard (Norway)
Mariehamn, Åland Islands (Finland)
Nuuk, Greenland (Denmark)
Olonkinbyen, Jan Mayen (Norway)
Tórshavn, Faroe Islands (Denmark)
Prague, Czech Republic
Gibraltar, Gibraltar (UK)
North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus4, 5
San Marino, San Marino
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Vatican City, Vatican City
Stepanakert, Artsakh4, 5
Sukhumi, Abkhazia3, 5
Tskhinvali, South Ossetia3, 5
1 Also the capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
2 Also the seat of the European Union, see Institutional seats of
European Union and
Brussels and the European Union
3 Transcontinental country
4 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political
connections with Europe
5 Partially recognised country
Capital cities of the Candidate Countries of the European Union
Republic of Macedonia: