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The PIXIES are an American alternative rock band formed in 1986 in Boston
Boston
, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
. Until 2013, the band comprised Black Francis (lead vocals, rhythm guitar), Joey Santiago (lead guitar), Kim Deal (bass, backing vocals) and David Lovering (drums). The band disbanded acrimoniously in 1993, but reunited in 2004. After Deal left the band in 2013, the Pixies
Pixies
hired Kim Shattuck as a touring bassist, but she was soon replaced by Paz Lenchantin who eventually settled in as a permanent member.

The Pixies' music contains elements including psychedelia , noise pop , hard rock , and surf rock . Francis is the Pixies' primary songwriter; his often surreal lyrics cover offbeat subjects such as extraterrestrials, incest, and biblical violence.

The Pixies
Pixies
achieved modest popularity in their home country, but were more successful in the United Kingdom, mainland Europe and Israel. Their jarring pop sound influenced bands such as Nirvana , Radiohead
Radiohead
, the Strokes , Bush , Blur and Weezer . Their popularity grew in the years following their break-up, leading to sold-out world tours following their reunion in 2004.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Formation (1986) * 1.2 Record contract and _Come on Pilgrim_ (1987) * 1.3 _Surfer Rosa_ and _Doolittle_ (1988–89) * 1.4 Hiatus (1989–90) * 1.5 _Bossanova_, _Trompe le Monde_, and break-up (1990–2002) * 1.6 Reunion (2003–12) * 1.7 Kim Deal\'s departure and _Indie Cindy_ (2013–2015) * 1.8 _Head Carrier_ (2016–present)

* 2 Musical style

* 2.1 Influences * 2.2 Songwriting and vocals

* 3 Legacy * 4 Music videos and DVDs

* 5 Members

* 5.1 Current members * 5.2 Former members

* 6 Discography

* 6.1 Studio albums

* 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Bibliography * 10 External links

HISTORY

FORMATION (1986)

Founding member and principal songwriter Black Francis

Guitarist Joey Santiago and songwriter Black Francis (born Charles Thompson IV) met when they lived next to each other in a suite while attending the University of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Amherst . Although Santiago was worried about distractions, he noticed Francis played music and the pair began to jam together. Francis embarked on a student exchange trip to Puerto Rico to study Spanish. After six months, he returned to Amherst and dropped out of the university. Francis and Santiago spent 1984 working in a warehouse, with Francis composing songs on his acoustic guitar and writing lyrics on the subway train.

The pair formed a band in January 1986. Two weeks later, Francis placed an advertisement seeking a female bass player who liked both folk music act Peter, Paul and Mary and the alternative rock band Hüsker Dü . Kim Deal was the only respondent, and arrived at the audition without a bass as she had never played the instrument before. She was invited to join the band as she liked the songs Francis showed her. She obtained a bass, and the trio started rehearsing in Deal's apartment.

After recruiting Deal, the band tried unsuccessfully to get her sister, Kelley Deal , to join as drummer. Kim's husband suggested they hire David Lovering, whom Kim had met at her wedding reception. The group arrived at a name after Santiago selected the word "pixies" randomly from a dictionary, liking how it looked and its definition as "mischievous little elves ". Once the band had settled on a name and line-up, they moved rehearsals to Lovering's parents' garage in mid-1986. They began to play shows at bars in and around the Boston area.

RECORD CONTRACT AND _COME ON PILGRIM_ (1987)

While the Pixies
Pixies
were playing a concert with Throwing Muses , they were noticed by producer Gary Smith , manager of Fort Apache Studios . He told the band he "could not sleep until you guys are world famous". The band produced a 17-track demo at Fort Apache soon afterwards, known to fans as the _Purple Tape_ because of the tape cover's purple background. Funded by Francis' father at the cost of $1000, the recording session was completed in three days. Local promoter Ken Goes became the band's manager, and he passed the demo to Ivo Watts-Russell of the independent record label 4AD . Watts-Russell nearly passed on the band, finding them too normal, "too rock 'n' roll", but signed them at the persuasion of his girlfriend.

Upon signing with 4AD, eight tracks from the Purple Tape were selected for the _ Come on Pilgrim _ mini-LP, the band's first release. Francis drew upon his experiences in Puerto Rico, mostly in the songs "Vamos" and "Isla de Encanta", describing the poverty in Puerto Rico. The religious lyrics in _Come on Pilgrim_ and later albums came from his parents' born-again Christian days in the Pentecostal Church. Critic Heather Phares sees themes such as sexual frustration ("I've Been Tired") and incest ("Nimrod's Son" and "The Holiday Song") on the record.

_SURFER ROSA_ AND _DOOLITTLE_ (1988–89)

_ "Something Against You" is the third track of Surfer Rosa_. This sample contains part of the chorus, with Francis' distorted screaming and a repeated guitar rhythm prominent. ------------------------- "Gigantic" is the fifth track of _Surfer Rosa_. This sample contains the first bridge and chorus, and features Deal, singing lead vocals, repeating the same bass guitar melody. The band's trademark loud–quiet dynamic also features on the song. -------------------------

_Problems playing these files? See media help ._

_Come on Pilgrim_ was followed by the band's first full-length album, _ Surfer Rosa _. The album was recorded by Steve Albini
Steve Albini
(who was hired by Watts-Russell on the advice of a 4AD colleague), completed in two weeks, and released in early 1988. _Surfer Rosa_ gained the Pixies acclaim in Europe; both _ Melody Maker _ and _Sounds _ gave _Surfer Rosa_ their "Album of the Year" award. American critical response was also positive yet more muted, a reaction that persisted for much of the band's career. The album was eventually certified Gold in the U.S. in 2005. After the album was released, the band arrived in England to support Throwing Muses on the European "Sex and Death" tour—beginning at the Mean Fiddler in London. The tour also took them to the Netherlands, where the Pixies
Pixies
had already received enough media attention to be headlining the tour. Francis later recalled: "The first place I made it with the Pixies
Pixies
was in Holland." The tour became notable for the band's in-jokes , such as playing their entire set list in alphabetical order. Meanwhile, the Pixies
Pixies
signed an American distribution deal with major record label Elektra . Around this time, the Pixies
Pixies
struck up a relationship with the British producer Gil Norton . Norton produced their second full album, _Doolittle _, which was recorded in the last six weeks of 1988 and seen as a departure from the raw sound of _Come on Pilgrim_ and _Surfer Rosa_. _Doolittle_ had a much cleaner sound, largely due to Norton and the production budget of US$ 40,000, which was quadruple that of _Surfer Rosa_. _Doolittle_ featured the single "Here Comes Your Man ", which biographers Josh Frank and Caryn Ganz describe as an unusually jaunty and pop-like song for the band. "Monkey Gone to Heaven " was a Top 10 modern rock radio hit in the U.S., and reached the Top 100 in the U.K. Like _Surfer Rosa_, _Doolittle_ was acclaimed by fans and music critics alike.

HIATUS (1989–90)

After _Doolittle_, tensions between Deal and Francis came to a head (for example, Francis threw a guitar at Deal during a concert in Stuttgart
Stuttgart
), and Deal was almost fired from the band when she refused to play at a concert in Frankfurt
Frankfurt
. Santiago, in an interview with _Mojo _, described Deal as being "headstrong and want to include her own songs, to explore her own world" on the band's albums; eventually she accepted that Francis was the singer and had musical control of the band, but after the Frankfurt
Frankfurt
incident, "they kinda stopped talking". The band became increasingly tired during the post-_Doolittle_ "Fuck or Fight" tour of the United States and fighting among members continued. After the tour's final date in New York City, the band was too exhausted to attend the end-of-tour party the following night and soon announced a hiatus.

During this time, Santiago and Lovering went on vacation, while Francis performed a short solo tour, made up of a number of concerts to generate gas money as he traveled across the country. Deal formed a new band, The Breeders , with Tanya Donelly of Throwing Muses and bass player Josephine Wiggs of Perfect Disaster. Their debut album, _Pod _, was released in 1990.

_BOSSANOVA_, _TROMPE LE MONDE_, AND BREAK-UP (1990–2002)

Pixies
Pixies
ticket from 1st October, 1990

In 1990, all members of the group except for Deal moved to Los Angeles. Lovering stated that he, Santiago, and Francis moved there "because the recording studio was there". Unlike previous recordings, the band had little time to practice beforehand, and Black Francis wrote much of the album in the studio. Featuring the singles " Velouria " and " Dig for Fire ", _Bossanova _ reached number 70 in the United States. In contrast, the album peaked at number three in the United Kingdom. Also in 1990, the Pixies
Pixies
released a cover of the Paul Butterfield Blues Band\'s "Born in Chicago" on the compilation album _Rubáiyát: Elektra\'s 40th Anniversary _.

The band continued to tour and released _ Trompe le Monde _ in 1991, their final album before their break-up. The album included "U-Mass", which has been described as being about college apathy, and whose guitar riff was written years before at the University of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
before Francis and Santiago dropped out. The album also featured a cover of "Head On" by The Jesus and Mary Chain
The Jesus and Mary Chain
. Also that year, the band contributed a cover of "I Can't Forget" to the Leonard Cohen tribute album _I\'m Your Fan _, and began an international tour on which they played stadiums in Europe and smaller venues in the United States. They then embarked on an uncomfortable tour supporting U2 on their Zoo TV Tour in 1992. Tensions rose between band members, and, at the end of the year, the Pixies
Pixies
went on sabbatical and focused on separate projects.

In early 1993, Francis announced in an interview to BBC Radio 5 that the band was finished and offered no explanation at the time, unbeknownst to the other members of the band. He later called Santiago and subsequently notified Deal and Lovering via fax , in January 1993. After the break-up, the four members embarked on separate projects. Black Francis renamed himself Frank Black
Frank Black
, and he released several solo albums, including a string of releases with Frank Black
Frank Black
and the Catholics . Deal returned to The Breeders, who scored a hit with "Cannonball " from that group's platinum-selling _ Last Splash _ in 1993, and released two more albums several years later. She also formed and released one album with The Amps . Santiago played lead guitar on a number of Frank Black
Frank Black
albums, as well as on other artists' albums. He wrote theme music for the show _ Undeclared _ on Fox television and film _Crime and Punishment in Suburbia _. He formed a band called The Martinis with his wife, Linda Mallari , who released an album in 2004. In 2004, he also played lead guitar on the album "Statecraft" by the novelist and musician Charles Douglas . Lovering went on to become a magician and made occasional appearances as "The Scientific Phenomenalist", performing experiments on stage and occasionally opening for Frank Black
Frank Black
and The Breeders. Lovering continued to do some drumming, playing with the band Cracker , as well as on one of Tanya Donelly 's solo albums, and on the Martinis' song "Free", which appeared on the _ Empire Records _ soundtrack.

4AD and Elektra Records continued to release Pixies
Pixies
material in the band's absence. They released the best-of album _ Death to the Pixies _ (1997), the Peel-session compilation _ Pixies at the BBC _ (1998), and the _Complete \'B\' Sides _ compilation (2001). Meanwhile, in 2002 material from the band's original 17-track demo tape was released as an EP, _ Pixies
Pixies
_, on Cooking Vinyl in the U.K. and SpinArt Records in the U.S.; Frank Black
Frank Black
has also used these labels to release solo work and albums with The Catholics. The Pixies
Pixies
in concert in Kansas City , October 1, 2004. From left to right, Frank Black, David Lovering (back) and Kim Deal.

REUNION (2003–12)

In the 11 years following the break-up, rumors sometimes circulated regarding a reunion. Though Frank Black
Frank Black
steadfastly dismissed them, he did begin to incorporate an increasing number of Pixies
Pixies
songs in his sets with The Catholics, and occasionally included Santiago in his solo work and Lovering's magic show as an opening act to concerts.

In 2003, a series of phone calls between band members resulted in some low-key rehearsals, and soon to a decision to reunite. By February 2004, a full tour was announced, and tickets for nearly all the initial tour dates sold out within minutes. The band's four-night run at London's Brixton Academy was the fastest selling in the venue's twenty-year history.

The Pixies
Pixies
played their first reunion concert on April 13, 2004, at The Fine Line Music Cafe in Minneapolis, Minnesota , and a warm-up tour through the U.S. and Canada was followed by an appearance at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival . The band then spent much of 2004 touring throughout Brazil, Europe, Japan, and the U.S. The group won the Act-of-the-Year award in the 2004 _ Boston
Boston
Music Awards_. The 2004 reunion tour reportedly grossed over $14 million in ticket sales.

In June 2004, the band released a new song, " Bam Thwok " exclusively on the iTunes Music Store . The song reached number one in the UK Official Download Chart . 4AD released _Wave of Mutilation: The Best of Pixies
Pixies
_, along with a companion DVD, entitled _Pixies_. The band also contributed a rendition of "Ain't That Pretty at All" to the Warren Zevon tribute album _ Enjoy Every Sandwich _. " Bam Thwok " and "Ain't That Pretty at All" were both recorded by engineer Ben Mumphrey , the former at Stagg Street Studios in Van Nuys, CA and the latter at Metamorphosis Studio in Vienna, Austria .

In 2005, the band made appearances at festivals including Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
, "T on the Fringe", and the Newport Folk Festival . They continued to make appearances through 2006 and 2007, culminating in their first-ever appearances in Australia. Since 2005, Francis has at various times stated that the Pixies
Pixies
recording a new studio album was either a possibility, or an unlikelihood, the main obstacle being Deal's reluctance to do so.

To celebrate the 20th anniversary of the release of _Doolittle_, the Pixies
Pixies
launched a tour in October 2009 where they performed the album track-for-track, including the associated B-sides . The tour began in Europe, continued in the United States in November, with the South American and Australian tour following in March 2010, then New Zealand, and more European dates in spring 2010, and back to North America in fall 2010 and into spring 2011.

KIM DEAL\'S DEPARTURE AND _INDIE CINDY_ (2013–2015)

Kim Shattuck playing with The Muffs
The Muffs

On June 14, 2013, it was announced by the band's Twitter profile that Kim Deal had left the band. Deal has since posted new solo music on her website and the remaining Pixies
Pixies
have welcomed her to come back as her schedule with Breeders allows. Two weeks later, the band released a new song, "Bagboy", as a free download via the Pixies
Pixies
website. The song features Jeremy Dubs of Bunnies and formerly of the Bennies on vocals in place of Deal.

On July 1, 2013, the Pixies
Pixies
announced the addition of The Muffs
The Muffs
and The Pandoras guitarist and vocalist Kim Shattuck to replace Deal for the band's 2013 European tour. On September 3, 2013, the Pixies released an EP of new songs titled _EP1 _. On November 29, 2013, Shattuck announced that she had been dismissed from the band that day. In December 2013, it was announced that Perfect Circle and The Entrance Band bassist Paz Lenchantin was joining the Pixies
Pixies
for the 2014 tour. More new material surfaced when the Pixies
Pixies
released their second EP, titled _EP2 _, on January 3, 2014. The single released to radio was "Blue Eyed Hexe". Another new EP, called _EP3 _, was released on March 24, 2014. All the EPs were only available as downloads and limited edition vinyl . The three EPs were collected in LP format and released as the album _ Indie Cindy _ in April 2014. The album was the first release from the band in over two decades, the last being _ Trompe le Monde _ in 1991.

In 2015 it was revealed that the Pixies
Pixies
would go on tour as a supporting act to former Led Zeppelin frontman Robert Plant for a series of dates across North America.

_HEAD CARRIER_ (2016–PRESENT)

On July 6, 2016, the band announced both the release date for their sixth album, _ Head Carrier _, and that Lenchantin was now a full-time member of the band. The album was released on September 30, 2016.

MUSICAL STYLE

_Spin _ magazine described the Pixies' musical style as "Surf music-meets-Stooges spikiness and oft-imitated stop/start and quiet/loud dynamics". Their music has also been pictured as "an unorthodox marriage of surf music and punk rock, ... characterized by Black's bristling lyrics and hackle-raising caterwaul, Kim Deal's whispered harmonies and waspy basslines, Joey Santiago's fragile guitar, and the persistent flush of David Lovering's drums." The band's music incorporates extreme dynamic shifts; Francis explained in 1991, "Those are the two basic components of rock music ... the dreamy side and the rockin' side. It's always been either sweaty or laid back and cool. We do try to be dynamic, but it's dumbo dynamics, because we don't know how to do anything else. We can play loud or quiet—that's it".

INFLUENCES

The Pixies
Pixies
are influenced by a range of artists and genres; each member came from a different musical background. When he first started writing songs for the Pixies, Francis says he was listening to nothing but Hüsker Dü , Captain Beefheart , and Iggy Pop ; Other influences associated with Francis include The Gun Club and The Cars . During the making of _Doolittle_ he listened heavily to the Beatles ' _White Album _. He has cited Buddy Holly as a model for his compressed songwriting. Francis did not discover punk rock until he was 16, saying "it was good I didn't listen to these hip records". As a child, he listened mainly to 1960s songs, religious music and Emerson Lake and Palmer , then Iggy Pop , Husker Du , Captain Beefheart and Talking Heads , who he says "weren't punk either".

Santiago listened to 1970s and 1980s punk including Black Flag , as well as David Bowie . Guitarists who influenced him include Jimi Hendrix , Les Paul
Les Paul
, Wes Montgomery
Wes Montgomery
, and George Harrison
George Harrison
. Deal's musical background was folk music and country ; she had formed a country-folk band with her sister in her teenage years, and played covers of artists such as The Everly Brothers and Hank Williams . Other artists they listened to included XTC , Gang of Four and Elvis Costello . Lovering is a fan of the band Rush .

Other media such as film has influenced the Pixies; Francis cites surrealist films _ Eraserhead _ and _ Un chien andalou _ (as mentioned in "Debaser") as influences. He has commented on these influences, saying he "didn't have the patience to sit around reading Surrealist novels", but found it easier to watch twenty-minute films.

SONGWRITING AND VOCALS

Most of the Pixies' songs were composed and sung by Francis. Critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine has described Francis's writing as containing "bizarre, fragmented lyrics about space, religion, sex, mutilation, and pop culture". Biblical violence is a theme of _Doolittle_'s "Dead" and "Gouge Away"; Francis told a _Melody Maker_ interviewer, "It's all those characters in the Old Testament . I'm obsessed with them. Why it comes out so much I don't know." He has described _Come on Pilgrim's_ "Caribou" as being about reincarnation, and extraterrestrial themes appear in a number of songs on _Bossanova_.

Deal co-wrote _Doolittle_'s "Silver" with Francis, and they share lead harmony vocals on the track. She also co-wrote and sang lead vocals on _Surfer Rosa_'s "Gigantic", and is the sole songwriter of the 2004 digital single "Bam Thwok". She was credited as Mrs. John Murphy on the former composition —at the time she was married and she used this name as an ironic feminist joke. She also sang lead vocals on the song "Into the White" and the Neil Young cover "Winterlong", both B-sides. Lovering sang lead vocals on _Doolittle_'s "La La Love You" and the B-side "Make Believe".

LEGACY

Although the Pixies
Pixies
produced relatively few albums, whose sales were modest, they influenced a number of bands associated with the alternative rock boom of the 1990s. Gary Smith, who produced their _Come on Pilgrim_, commented on the band's influence on alternative rock and their legacy in 1997:

I've heard it said about The Velvet Underground that while not a lot of people bought their albums, everyone who did started a band. I think this is largely true about the Pixies
Pixies
as well. Charles' secret weapon turned out to be not so secret and, sooner or later, all sorts of bands were exploiting the same strategy of wide dynamics. It became a kind of new pop formula and, within a short while, "Smells Like Teen Spirit " was charging up the charts and even the members of Nirvana said later that it sounded for all the world like a Pixies
Pixies
song.

Sonically, the Pixies
Pixies
are credited with popularizing the extreme dynamics and stop-start timing that would become widespread in alternative rock; Pixies
Pixies
songs typically feature hushed, restrained verses, and explosive, wailing choruses. Artists including David Bowie , Matt Noveskey , Radiohead
Radiohead
, PJ Harvey , U2 , Nirvana , The Strokes , Alice in Chains , Weezer , Bush , Arcade Fire , Pavement and Matthew Good have cited admiration of or influence by the Pixies. Bono of U2 has called the Pixies
Pixies
"one of America's greatest bands ever", and Radiohead's Thom Yorke has said that, while at school, "the Pixies
Pixies
had changed my life". Bowie, whose own music had inspired Francis and Santiago while they were at university, has said that the Pixies
Pixies
made "just about the most compelling music of the entire 80s."

One notable citation as an influence was by Kurt Cobain , on influencing Nirvana's "Smells Like Teen Spirit", which he admitted was a conscious attempt to co-opt the Pixies' style. In a January 1994 interview with _ Rolling Stone _, he said, "I was trying to write the ultimate pop song. I was basically trying to rip off the Pixies. I have to admit it . When I heard the Pixies
Pixies
for the first time, I connected with that band so heavily I should have been in that band—or at least in a Pixies
Pixies
cover band. We used their sense of dynamics, being soft and quiet and then loud and hard." Cobain cited _Surfer Rosa_ as one of his main musical influences, and particularly admired the album's natural and powerful drum sounds—a result of Steve Albini's influence on the record. Albini later produced Nirvana's 1993 _In Utero _ at the request of Cobain.

MUSIC VIDEOS AND DVDS

No music videos were released from _Come on Pilgrim_ or _Surfer Rosa_, but from _Doolittle_ onwards, the following videos were made: "Monkey Gone To Heaven", "Here Comes Your Man", "Velouria", "Dig For Fire", "Allison", "Alec Eiffel", "Head On", and "Debaser"; these were later released on the 2004 DVD _Pixies_. Furthermore, a music video accompanied the release of their 2013 song, "Bagboy", as well an alternate video released on a later date. Videos have been made for all the songs in EP1. The videos for "Here Comes Your Man" and "Allison" were also released on _The Complete 'B' Sides_.

By _Bossanova_, the band had developed a severe aversion to recording music videos, and Francis refused to lip-sync to them. For example, in the "Here Comes Your Man" video, both Black and Deal open their mouths wide instead of mouthing their lyrics. According to the record label this became one of the reasons that the Pixies
Pixies
never achieved major coverage on MTV
MTV
.

With _Bossanova_'s release, 4AD hoped to get the Pixies
Pixies
chosen to perform their single "Velouria" on the BBC music programme _Top of the Pops _. To this end, the band was pressured into producing a video for the song, and they made one cheaply with the band members filmed running down a quarry, shown in slow motion. The group was ultimately not given a spot on the show.

A 90-minute documentary called _loudQUIETloud: a film about the Pixies_ directed by Steven Cantor and Matthew Galkin was released in 2006. The film documents their 2004 reunion and tour, and covers the years after the break-up. In addition to _Pixies_ and _LoudQUIETloud_, four other Pixies' DVDs were released between 2004 and 2006, all featuring concert performances: _Live at the Town and Country Club 1988_, _The Pixies—Sell Out_, _The Pixies
Pixies
Acoustic: Live in Newport_, and _The Pixies
Pixies
Club Date: Live at the Paradise in Boston_.

The Pixies
Pixies
were ranked number 81 on VH1 's _100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock_.

MEMBERS

CURRENT MEMBERS

* Black Francis – lead vocals, rhythm guitar (1986–1993, 2004–present) * David Lovering – drums, percussion (1986–1993, 2004–present) * Joey Santiago – lead guitar, keyboards (1986–1993, 2004–present) * Paz Lenchantin – bass, violin, backing vocals (2014–present)

FORMER MEMBERS

* Kim Deal – bass, backing vocals (1986–1993, 2004–2013) * Kim Shattuck – bass, backing vocals (2013)

DISCOGRAPHY

Main article: Pixies discography

STUDIO ALBUMS

* _ Surfer Rosa _ (1988) * _Doolittle _ (1989) * _Bossanova _ (1990) * _ Trompe le Monde _ (1991) * _ Indie Cindy _ (2014) * _ Head Carrier _ (2016)

SEE ALSO

* Alternative music portal * Boston
Boston
portal

* List of Pixies songs * List of alternative rock artists * Music of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
* Music of the United States (1980s to the present) * Timeline of alternative rock

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ _K_ _L_ Spitz, Marc (September 2004). "Life to the Pixies". _Spin_. * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 11 * ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 12–13 * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 13 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Pixies: Biography". _Allmusic_. Retrieved September 10, 2006.

* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , pp. 13–14 * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 15 * ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 14 * ^ _A_ _B_ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 20 * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 17 * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 18 * ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 8–9 * ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 9 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ " Pixies
Pixies
Profile". 4AD. Retrieved July 6, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ Sisario 2006 , p. 16 * ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 17 * ^ Phares, Heather. " Come on Pilgrim ". _Allmusic_. Retrieved January 6, 2011. * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 75 * ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 19–20 * ^ "50 Cent Cashes In". _Recording Industry Association of America_. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2011. * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 94 * ^ Cosyns, Simon. "ShowbizSFTW". The Sun. Retrieved December 22, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Carew, Anthony. "The Pixies
Pixies
– Artist Profile". _ About.com _. Retrieved May 25, 2010. * ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 47 * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , pp. 118–9 * ^ _A_ _B_ "Pixies: Billboard Albums". _Allmusic_. Retrieved January 5, 2010. * ^ Martin Roach, ed. (2008). _The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles _. Virgin Books . p. 320. ISBN 978-0-7535-1537-2 . * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 132 * ^ _A_ _B_ Aston, Martin (December 1997). "Hello Goodbye: Joey Santiago & the Pixies
Pixies
(subscription needed)". _Rock'sbackpageslibrary_. Retrieved January 12, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "The Breeders: Biography". _Allmusic_. Retrieved January 16, 2011. * ^ Phares, Heather. "Pod". _Allmusic_. Retrieved January 16, 2011.

* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 172 * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 74 * ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , pp. 175–76 * ^ Martin Roach, ed. (2009). _The Virgin Book of British Hit Albums_. Virgin Books . p. 216. ISBN 978-0-7535-1700-0 . * ^ Heilman, Dan. "Rubaiyat: Elektra\'s 40th Anniversary". _Allmusic_. Retrieved January 23, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Fritch, Matthew (April 15, 2001). "Frank Black: Odd Ball". _Magnet_. Retrieved January 23, 2011. * ^ Phares, Heather. "Trompe le Monde". _Allmusic_. Retrieved January 23, 2011. * ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "I\'m Your Fan: The Songs of Leonard Cohen". _Allmusic_. Retrieved January 11, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Barton, Laura (August 20, 2005). "Misfits that fit". _The Guardian_. Retrieved January 13, 2011. * ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 7 * ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Frank Black: Biography". _Allmuisc_. Retrieved January 29, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Frank Black
Frank Black
and the Catholics: Releases". _Cookingvinyl.com_. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2011. * ^ Carpenter, Troy. "The Amps: Pacer". _Nudeasthenews.com_. Archived from the original on August 12, 2006. Retrieved September 19, 2006. * ^ Grose, Jessica (May 28, 2002). "Cool as Kim Deal". _The Village Voice_. Retrieved February 28, 2007. * ^ "Frank Black: Credits". _Allmusic_. Retrieved February 3, 2011.

* ^ "Teenager of the Year". _Allmusic_. Retrieved February 3, 2011.

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