The PIXIES are an American alternative rock band formed in 1986 in
Massachusetts . Until 2013, the band comprised Black Francis
(lead vocals, rhythm guitar),
Joey Santiago (lead guitar), Kim Deal
(bass, backing vocals) and
David Lovering (drums). The band disbanded
acrimoniously in 1993, but reunited in 2004. After Deal left in 2013,
Kim Shattuck as a touring bassist; she was replaced
the same year by
Paz Lenchantin , who became a permanent member in
The Pixies' music contains elements including psychedelia , noise pop
, hard rock , and surf rock . Francis is the Pixies' primary
songwriter; his often surreal lyrics cover offbeat subjects such as
extraterrestrials, incest, and biblical violence.
Pixies achieved modest popularity in their home country, but were
more successful in the
United Kingdom , mainland Europe and Israel.
Their jarring pop sound influenced bands such as Nirvana ,
the Strokes , Bush , Blur and
Weezer . Their popularity grew in the
years following their break-up, leading to sold-out world tours
following their reunion in 2004.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Formation (1986)
* 1.2 Record contract and
Come on Pilgrim (1987)
Surfer Rosa and Doolittle (1988–89)
* 1.4 Hiatus (1989–90)
* 1.5 Bossanova, Trompe le Monde, and break-up (1990–2002)
* 1.6 Reunion (2003–12)
* 1.7 Kim Deal\'s departure and
Indie Cindy (2013–2015)
Head Carrier (2016–present)
* 2 Musical style
* 2.1 Influences
* 2.2 Songwriting and vocals
* 3 Legacy
* 4 Music videos and DVDs
* 5 Members
* 5.1 Current members
* 5.2 Former members
* 5.3 Timeline
* 6 Discography
* 6.1 Studio albums
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 Bibliography
* 10 External links
Founding member and principal songwriter
Joey Santiago and songwriter
Black Francis (born Charles
Thompson IV) met when they lived next to each other in a suite while
attending the University of
Massachusetts Amherst . Although Santiago
was worried about distractions, he noticed Francis played music and
the pair began to jam together. Francis embarked on a student
exchange trip to Puerto Rico to study Spanish. After six months, he
returned to Amherst and dropped out of the university. Francis and
Santiago spent 1984 working in a warehouse, with Francis composing
songs on his acoustic guitar and writing lyrics on the subway train.
The pair formed a band in January 1986. Two weeks later, Francis
placed an advertisement seeking a female bass player who liked both
folk music act
Peter, Paul and Mary
Peter, Paul and Mary and the alternative rock band
Hüsker Dü .
Kim Deal was the only respondent, and arrived at the
audition without a bass as she had never played the instrument before.
She was invited to join the band as she liked the songs Francis
showed her. She obtained a bass, and the trio started rehearsing in
After recruiting Deal, the band tried unsuccessfully to get her
Kelley Deal , to join as drummer. Kim's husband suggested
they hire David Lovering, whom Kim had met at her wedding reception.
The group arrived at a name after Santiago selected the word "pixies"
randomly from a dictionary, liking how it looked and its definition as
"mischievous little elves ". Once the band had settled on a name and
line-up, they moved rehearsals to Lovering's parents' garage in
mid-1986. They began to play shows at bars in and around the Boston
RECORD CONTRACT AND COME ON PILGRIM (1987)
Pixies were playing a concert with
Throwing Muses , they
were noticed by producer Gary Smith , manager of
Fort Apache Studios .
He told the band he "could not sleep until you guys are world
famous". The band produced a 17-track demo at Fort Apache soon
afterwards, known to fans as the Purple Tape because of the tape
cover's purple background. Funded by Francis' father at the cost of
$1000, the recording session was completed in three days. Local
promoter Ken Goes became the band's manager, and he passed the demo to
Ivo Watts-Russell of the independent record label
4AD . Watts-Russell
nearly passed on the band, finding them too normal, "too rock 'n'
roll", but signed them at the persuasion of his girlfriend.
Upon signing with 4AD, eight tracks from the Purple Tape were
selected for the
Come on Pilgrim mini-LP, the band's first release.
Francis drew upon his experiences in Puerto Rico, mostly in the songs
"Vamos" and "Isla de Encanta", describing the poverty in Puerto Rico.
The religious lyrics in
Come on Pilgrim and later albums came from his
parents' born-again Christian days in the Pentecostal Church. Critic
Heather Phares sees themes such as sexual frustration ("I've Been
Tired") and incest ("Nimrod's Son" and "The Holiday Song") on the
SURFER ROSA AND DOOLITTLE (1988–89)
"Something Against You" is the third track of Surfer Rosa.
This sample contains part of the chorus, with Francis' distorted
screaming and a repeated guitar rhythm prominent.
is the fifth track of Surfer Rosa. This sample contains the first
bridge and chorus, and features Deal, singing lead vocals, repeating
the same bass guitar melody. The band's trademark loud–quiet dynamic
also features on the song.
Problems playing these files? See media help .
Come on Pilgrim was followed by the band's first full-length album,
Surfer Rosa . The album was recorded by
Steve Albini (who was hired by
Watts-Russell on the advice of a
4AD colleague), completed in two
weeks, and released in early 1988.
Surfer Rosa gained the Pixies
acclaim in Europe; both
Melody Maker and Sounds gave
Surfer Rosa their
"Album of the Year" award. American critical response was also
positive yet more muted, a reaction that persisted for much of the
band's career. The album was eventually certified Gold in the U.S. in
2005. After the album was released, the band arrived in England to
Throwing Muses on the European "Sex and Death"
tour—beginning at the
Mean Fiddler in London. The tour also took
them to the Netherlands, where the
Pixies had already received enough
media attention to be headlining the tour. Francis later recalled:
"The first place I made it with the
Pixies was in Holland." The tour
became notable for the band's in-jokes , such as playing their entire
set list in alphabetical order. Meanwhile, the
Pixies signed an
American distribution deal with major record label Elektra . Around
this time, the
Pixies struck up a relationship with the British
Gil Norton . Norton produced their second full album,
Doolittle , which was recorded in the last six weeks of 1988 and seen
as a departure from the raw sound of
Come on Pilgrim and Surfer Rosa.
Doolittle had a much cleaner sound, largely due to Norton and the
production budget of US$ 40,000, which was quadruple that of Surfer
Rosa. Doolittle featured the single "
Here Comes Your Man ", which
biographers Josh Frank and Caryn Ganz describe as an unusually jaunty
and pop-like song for the band. "
Monkey Gone to Heaven " was a Top 10
modern rock radio hit in the U.S., and reached the Top 100 in the
U.K. Like Surfer Rosa, Doolittle was acclaimed by fans and music
After Doolittle, tensions between Deal and Francis came to a head
(for example, Francis threw a guitar at Deal during a concert in
Stuttgart ), and Deal was almost fired from the band when she refused
to play at a concert in
Frankfurt . Santiago, in an interview with
Mojo , described Deal as being "headstrong and want to include her own
songs, to explore her own world" on the band's albums; eventually she
accepted that Francis was the singer and had musical control of the
band, but after the
Frankfurt incident, "they kinda stopped talking".
The band became increasingly tired during the post-Doolittle "Fuck or
Fight" tour of the United States and fighting among members continued.
After the tour's final date in New York City, the band was too
exhausted to attend the end-of-tour party the following night and soon
announced a hiatus.
During this time, Santiago and Lovering went on vacation, while
Francis performed a short solo tour, made up of a number of concerts
to generate gas money as he traveled across the country. Deal formed
a new band,
The Breeders , with
Tanya Donelly of
Throwing Muses and
Josephine Wiggs of Perfect Disaster. Their debut album,
Pod , was released in 1990.
BOSSANOVA, TROMPE LE MONDE, AND BREAK-UP (1990–2002)
Pixies ticket from 1st October, 1990
In 1990, all members of the group except for Deal moved to Los
Angeles. Lovering stated that he, Santiago, and Francis moved there
"because the recording studio was there". Unlike previous recordings,
the band had little time to practice beforehand, and Black Francis
wrote much of the album in the studio. Featuring the singles
Velouria " and "
Dig for Fire ", Bossanova reached number 70 in the
United States. In contrast, the album peaked at number three in the
United Kingdom. Also in 1990, the
Pixies released a cover of the Paul
Butterfield Blues Band\'s "Born in Chicago" on the compilation album
Rubáiyát: Elektra\'s 40th Anniversary .
The band continued to tour and released
Trompe le Monde in 1991,
their final album before their break-up. The album included "U-Mass",
which has been described as being about college apathy, and whose
guitar riff was written years before at the University of
Massachusetts before Francis and Santiago dropped out. The album also
featured a cover of "Head On" by
The Jesus and Mary Chain
The Jesus and Mary Chain . Also that
year, the band contributed a cover of "I Can't Forget" to the Leonard
Cohen tribute album I\'m Your Fan , and began an international tour
on which they played stadiums in Europe and smaller venues in the
United States. They then embarked on an uncomfortable tour supporting
U2 on their
Zoo TV Tour in 1992. Tensions rose between band members,
and, at the end of the year, the
Pixies went on sabbatical and focused
on separate projects.
In early 1993, Francis announced in an interview to BBC Radio 5 that
the band was finished and offered no explanation at the time,
unbeknownst to the other members of the band. He later called
Santiago and subsequently notified Deal and Lovering via fax , in
January 1993. After the break-up, the four members embarked on
Black Francis renamed himself
Frank Black , and he
released several solo albums, including a string of releases with
Frank Black and the Catholics . Deal returned to The Breeders, who
scored a hit with "Cannonball " from that group's platinum-selling
Last Splash in 1993, and released two more albums several years later.
She also formed and released one album with
The Amps . Santiago
played lead guitar on a number of
Frank Black albums, as well as on
other artists' albums. He wrote theme music for the show Undeclared
on Fox television and film
Crime and Punishment in Suburbia . He
formed a band called
The Martinis with his wife,
Linda Mallari , who
released an album in 2004. In 2004, he also played lead guitar on the
album "Statecraft" by the novelist and musician Charles Douglas .
Lovering went on to become a magician and made occasional appearances
as "The Scientific Phenomenalist", performing experiments on stage and
occasionally opening for
Frank Black and The Breeders. Lovering
continued to do some drumming, playing with the band Cracker , as
well as on one of
Tanya Donelly 's solo albums, and on the Martinis'
song "Free", which appeared on the
Empire Records soundtrack.
Elektra Records continued to release
Pixies material in the
band's absence. They released the best-of album Death to the Pixies
(1997), the Peel-session compilation
Pixies at the BBC (1998), and
the Complete \'B\' Sides compilation (2001). Meanwhile, in 2002
material from the band's original 17-track demo tape was released as
Pixies , on
Cooking Vinyl in the U.K. and SpinArt Records in
Frank Black has also used these labels to release solo work
and albums with The Catholics. The
Pixies in concert in
Kansas City , October 1, 2004. From left to right, Frank Black, David
Lovering (back) and Kim Deal.
In the 11 years following the break-up, rumors sometimes circulated
regarding a reunion. Though
Frank Black steadfastly dismissed them,
he did begin to incorporate an increasing number of
Pixies songs in
his sets with The Catholics, and occasionally included Santiago in
his solo work and Lovering's magic show as an opening act to concerts.
In 2003, a series of phone calls between band members resulted in
some low-key rehearsals, and soon to a decision to reunite. By
February 2004, a full tour was announced, and tickets for nearly all
the initial tour dates sold out within minutes. The band's four-night
run at London's
Brixton Academy was the fastest selling in the venue's
Pixies played their first reunion concert on April 13, 2004, at
The Fine Line Music Cafe in
Minneapolis, Minnesota , and a warm-up
tour through the U.S. and Canada was followed by an appearance at the
Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival . The band then spent much
of 2004 touring throughout Brazil, Europe, Japan, and the U.S. The
group won the Act-of-the-Year award in the 2004
Boston Music Awards.
The 2004 reunion tour reportedly grossed over $14 million in ticket
In June 2004, the band released a new song, "
Bam Thwok " exclusively
on the iTunes Music Store . The song reached number one in the UK
Official Download Chart .
4AD released Wave of Mutilation: The Best
Pixies , along with a companion DVD, entitled Pixies. The band
also contributed a rendition of "Ain't That Pretty at All" to the
Warren Zevon tribute album
Enjoy Every Sandwich
Enjoy Every Sandwich . "
Bam Thwok " and
"Ain't That Pretty at All" were both recorded by engineer Ben Mumphrey
, the former at
Stagg Street Studios in
Van Nuys, CA and the latter at
Metamorphosis Studio in
Vienna, Austria .
In 2005, the band made appearances at festivals including
Lollapalooza , "T on the Fringe", and the
Newport Folk Festival
Newport Folk Festival .
They continued to make appearances through 2006 and 2007,
culminating in their first-ever appearances in Australia. Since 2005,
Francis has at various times stated that the
Pixies recording a new
studio album was either a possibility, or an unlikelihood, the
main obstacle being Deal's reluctance to do so.
To celebrate the 20th anniversary of the release of Doolittle, the
Pixies launched a tour in October 2009 where they performed the album
track-for-track, including the associated
B-sides . The tour began in
Europe, continued in the United States in November, with the South
American and Australian tour following in March 2010, then New
Zealand, and more European dates in spring 2010, and back to North
America in fall 2010 and into spring 2011.
KIM DEAL\'S DEPARTURE AND INDIE CINDY (2013–2015)
Kim Shattuck playing with
On June 14, 2013, it was announced by the band's Twitter profile that
Kim Deal had left the band. Deal has since posted new solo music on
her website and the remaining
Pixies have welcomed her to come back as
her schedule with Breeders allows. Two weeks later, the band released
a new song, "Bagboy", as a free download via the
Pixies website. The
song features Jeremy Dubs of Bunnies and formerly of the Bennies on
vocals in place of Deal.
On July 1, 2013, the
Pixies announced the addition of
The Muffs and
The Pandoras guitarist and vocalist
Kim Shattuck to replace Deal for
the band's 2013 European tour. On September 3, 2013, the Pixies
released an EP of new songs titled EP1 . On November 29, 2013,
Shattuck announced that she had been dismissed from the band that day.
In December 2013, it was announced that Perfect Circle and The
Entrance Band bassist
Paz Lenchantin was joining the
Pixies for the
2014 tour. More new material surfaced when the
Pixies released their
second EP, EP2 , on January 3, 2014. The single released to radio was
"Blue Eyed Hexe". Another new EP, EP3 , was released on March 24,
2014. All the EPs were only available as downloads and limited edition
vinyl . The three EPs were collected in LP format and released as the
Indie Cindy in April 2014. The album was the first release from
the band in over two decades, the last being
Trompe le Monde in 1991.
In 2015 it was revealed that the
Pixies would go on tour as a
supporting act to former
Led Zeppelin frontman
Robert Plant for a
series of dates across North America.
HEAD CARRIER (2016–PRESENT)
On July 6, 2016, the band announced the release date for their sixth
Head Carrier , and that Lenchantin was now a full-time member
of the band. The album was released on September 30, 2016.
Spin magazine described the Pixies' musical style as "Surf
music-meets-Stooges spikiness and oft-imitated stop/start and
quiet/loud dynamics". Their music has also been pictured as "an
unorthodox marriage of surf music and punk rock, ... characterized by
Black's bristling lyrics and hackle-raising caterwaul, Kim Deal's
whispered harmonies and waspy basslines, Joey Santiago's fragile
guitar, and the persistent flush of David Lovering's drums." The
band's music incorporates extreme dynamic shifts; Francis explained in
1991, "Those are the two basic components of rock music ... the dreamy
side and the rockin' side. It's always been either sweaty or laid back
and cool. We do try to be dynamic, but it's dumbo dynamics, because we
don't know how to do anything else. We can play loud or quiet—that's
Pixies are influenced by a range of artists and genres; each
member came from a different musical background. When he first started
writing songs for the Pixies, Francis says he was listening to nothing
Hüsker Dü ,
Captain Beefheart , and
Iggy Pop ; Other influences
associated with Francis include
The Gun Club and
The Cars . During
the making of Doolittle he listened heavily to the Beatles ' White
Album . He has cited
Buddy Holly as a model for his compressed
songwriting. Francis did not discover punk rock until he was 16,
saying "it was good I didn't listen to these hip records". As a child,
he listened mainly to 1960s songs, religious music and Emerson Lake
and Palmer , then
Iggy Pop , Husker Du ,
Captain Beefheart and Talking
Heads , who he says "weren't punk either".
Santiago listened to 1970s and 1980s punk including Black Flag , as
David Bowie . Guitarists who influenced him include Jimi
Les Paul ,
Wes Montgomery , and
George Harrison . Deal's
musical background was folk music and country ; she had formed a
country-folk band with her sister in her teenage years, and played
covers of artists such as
The Everly Brothers
The Everly Brothers and
Hank Williams .
Other artists they listened to included
XTC , Gang of Four and Elvis
Costello . Lovering is a fan of the band Rush .
Other media such as film has influenced the Pixies; Francis cites
Un chien andalou (as mentioned in
"Debaser") as influences. He has commented on these influences,
saying he "didn't have the patience to sit around reading Surrealist
novels", but found it easier to watch twenty-minute films.
SONGWRITING AND VOCALS
Most of the Pixies' songs were composed and sung by Francis. Critic
Stephen Thomas Erlewine has described Francis's writing as containing
"bizarre, fragmented lyrics about space, religion, sex, mutilation,
and pop culture". Biblical violence is a theme of Doolittle's "Dead"
and "Gouge Away"; Francis told a
Melody Maker interviewer, "It's all
those characters in the
Old Testament . I'm obsessed with them. Why it
comes out so much I don't know." He has described Come on Pilgrim's
"Caribou" as being about reincarnation, and extraterrestrial themes
appear in a number of songs on Bossanova.
Deal co-wrote Doolittle's "Silver" with Francis, and they share lead
harmony vocals on the track. She also co-wrote and sang lead vocals
on Surfer Rosa's "Gigantic", and is the sole songwriter of the 2004
digital single "Bam Thwok". She was credited as Mrs. John Murphy on
the former composition —at the time she was married and she used
this name as an ironic feminist joke. She also sang lead vocals on
the song "Into the White" and the
Neil Young cover "Winterlong", both
B-sides. Lovering sang lead vocals on Doolittle's "La La Love You"
and the B-side "Make Believe".
Pixies produced relatively few albums, whose sales were
modest, they influenced a number of bands associated with the
alternative rock boom of the 1990s. Gary Smith, who produced their
Come on Pilgrim, commented on the band's influence on alternative rock
and their legacy in 1997:
I've heard it said about
The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground that while not a lot
of people bought their albums, everyone who did started a band. I
think this is largely true about the
Pixies as well. Charles' secret
weapon turned out to be not so secret and, sooner or later, all sorts
of bands were exploiting the same strategy of wide dynamics. It became
a kind of new pop formula and, within a short while, "Smells Like Teen
Spirit " was charging up the charts and even the members of Nirvana
said later that it sounded for all the world like a
Pixies are credited with popularizing the extreme
dynamics and stop-start timing that would become widespread in
Pixies songs typically feature hushed, restrained
verses, and explosive, wailing choruses. Artists including David
Matt Noveskey ,
PJ Harvey , U2 , Nirvana , The
Alice in Chains
Alice in Chains ,
Weezer , Bush ,
Arcade Fire , Pavement ,
Kings of Leon
Kings of Leon and
Matthew Good have cited admiration of or influence
by the Pixies.
Bono of U2 has called the
Pixies "one of America's
greatest bands ever", and Radiohead's
Thom Yorke has said that,
while at school, "the
Pixies had changed my life". Bowie, whose own
music had inspired Francis and Santiago while they were at university,
has said that the
Pixies made "just about the most compelling music of
the entire 80s."
One notable citation as an influence was by
Kurt Cobain , on
influencing Nirvana's "Smells Like Teen Spirit", which he admitted was
a conscious attempt to co-opt the Pixies' style. In a January 1994
Rolling Stone , he said, "I was trying to write the
ultimate pop song. I was basically trying to rip off the Pixies. I
have to admit it . When I heard the
Pixies for the first time, I
connected with that band so heavily I should have been in that
band—or at least in a
Pixies cover band. We used their sense of
dynamics, being soft and quiet and then loud and hard." Cobain cited
Surfer Rosa as one of his main musical influences, and particularly
admired the album's natural and powerful drum sounds—a result of
Steve Albini's influence on the record. Albini later produced
Nirvana's 1993 In Utero at the request of Cobain.
MUSIC VIDEOS AND DVDS
No music videos were released from
Come on Pilgrim or Surfer Rosa,
but from Doolittle onwards, the following videos were made: "Monkey
Gone To Heaven", "Here Comes Your Man", "Velouria", "Dig For Fire",
"Allison", "Alec Eiffel", "Head On", and "Debaser"; these were later
released on the 2004 DVD Pixies. Furthermore, a music video
accompanied the release of their 2013 song, "Bagboy", as well an
alternate video released on a later date. Videos have been made for
all the songs in EP1. The videos for "Here Comes Your Man" and
"Allison" were also released on The Complete 'B' Sides.
By Bossanova, the band had developed a severe aversion to recording
music videos, and Francis refused to lip-sync to them. For example,
in the "Here Comes Your Man" video, both Black and Deal open their
mouths wide instead of mouthing their lyrics. According to the record
label this became one of the reasons that the
Pixies never achieved
major coverage on
With Bossanova's release,
4AD hoped to get the
Pixies chosen to
perform their single "Velouria" on the BBC music programme Top of the
Pops . To this end, the band was pressured into producing a video for
the song, and they made one cheaply with the band members filmed
running down a quarry, shown in slow motion. The group was
ultimately not given a spot on the show.
A 90-minute documentary called loudQUIETloud: a film about the Pixies
Steven Cantor and
Matthew Galkin was released in 2006. The
film documents their 2004 reunion and tour, and covers the years after
the break-up. In addition to
Pixies and LoudQUIETloud, four other
Pixies' DVDs were released between 2004 and 2006, all featuring
concert performances: Live at the Town and Country Club 1988, The
Pixies—Sell Out, The
Pixies Acoustic: Live in Newport, and The
Pixies Club Date: Live at the Paradise in Boston.
Pixies were ranked number 81 on
VH1 's 100 Greatest Artists of
Black Francis – lead vocals, rhythm guitar (1986–1993,
David Lovering – drums, percussion (1986–1993, 2004–present)
Joey Santiago – lead guitar, keyboards (1986–1993,
Paz Lenchantin – bass, violin, backing vocals (2014–present)
Kim Deal – bass, backing vocals (1986–1993, 2004–2013)
Kim Shattuck – bass, backing vocals (2013)
Surfer Rosa (1988)
* Doolittle (1989)
* Bossanova (1990)
Trompe le Monde (1991)
Indie Cindy (2014)
Head Carrier (2016)
* Alternative music portal
List of Pixies songs
List of alternative rock artists
* Music of
Music of the United States (1980s to the present)
Timeline of alternative rock
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L Spitz, Marc (September 2004). "Life to
the Pixies". Spin.
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 11
* ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 12–13
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 13
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Pixies:
Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved September 10, 2006.
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , pp. 13–14
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 15
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 14
* ^ A B Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 20
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 17
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 18
* ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 8–9
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 9
* ^ A B C D E F "
Pixies Profile". 4AD. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
* ^ A B Sisario 2006 , p. 16
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 17
* ^ Phares, Heather. "
Come on Pilgrim ". Allmusic. Retrieved
January 6, 2011.
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 75
* ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 19–20
* ^ "50 Cent Cashes In". Recording Industry Association of America.
Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved January 23,
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 94
* ^ Cosyns, Simon. "ShowbizSFTW". The Sun. Retrieved December 22,
* ^ A B C D E Carew, Anthony. "The
Pixies – Artist Profile".
About.com . Retrieved May 25, 2010.
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 47
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , pp. 118–9
* ^ A B "Pixies: Billboard Albums". Allmusic. Retrieved January 5,
* ^ Martin Roach, ed. (2008). The Virgin Book of British Hit
Virgin Books . p. 320. ISBN 978-0-7535-1537-2 .
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 132
* ^ A B Aston, Martin (December 1997). "Hello Goodbye: Joey
Santiago & the
Pixies (subscription needed)". Rock'sbackpageslibrary.
Retrieved January 12, 2011.
* ^ A B C Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "The Breeders: Biography".
Allmusic. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
* ^ Phares, Heather. "Pod". Allmusic. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 172
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , p. 74
* ^ Frank & Ganz 2005 , pp. 175–76
* ^ Martin Roach, ed. (2009). The Virgin Book of British Hit
Virgin Books . p. 216. ISBN 978-0-7535-1700-0 .
* ^ Heilman, Dan. "Rubaiyat: Elektra\'s 40th Anniversary".
Allmusic. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ A B C D Fritch, Matthew (April 15, 2001). "Frank Black: Odd
Ball". Magnet. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ Phares, Heather. "Trompe le Monde". Allmusic. Retrieved January
* ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "I\'m Your Fan: The Songs of Leonard
Cohen". Allmusic. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
* ^ A B C D E Barton, Laura (August 20, 2005). "Misfits that fit".
The Guardian. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 7
* ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Frank Black: Biography". Allmuisc.
Retrieved January 29, 2011.
* ^ A B "
Frank Black and the Catholics: Releases".
Cookingvinyl.com. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011.
Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ Carpenter, Troy. "The Amps: Pacer". Nudeasthenews.com. Archived
from the original on August 12, 2006. Retrieved September 19, 2006.
* ^ Grose, Jessica (May 28, 2002). "Cool as Kim Deal". The Village
Voice. Archived from the original on September 22, 2008. Retrieved
February 28, 2007.
* ^ "Frank Black: Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "Teenager of the Year". Allmusic. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "Show Me Your Tears: Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved February 3,
* ^ "Stuff: Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "In Pursuit of Your Happiness: Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved
February 3, 2011.
* ^ A B C Phares, Heather. "The Martinis: Biography". Allmusic.
Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "The Martinis". Retrieved September 13, 2006.
* ^ "Entertainment Weekly review". Retrieved October 3, 2013.
* ^ "David Lovering—Scientific Phenomenalist". Nipp.com.
Retrieved September 13, 2006.
* ^ "Lovesongs for Underdogs: Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved
February 3, 2011.
* ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "
Death to the Pixies 1987-1991".
Allmusic. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
Pixies at the BBC (CD booklet). Pixies.
4AD Ltd. 1998.
* ^ A B C D Black, Frank (2001).
Complete 'B' Sides (CD booklet).
* ^ "Pixies". Cookingvinyl.com. Archived from the original on July
19, 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ "Pixies". Spinartrecords.com. Archived from the original on
April 22, 2003. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ "Frank Black: Releases". Cookingvinyl.com. Retrieved January
* ^ "Black Francis: Releases". Cookingvinyl.com. Archived from the
original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ "
Frank Black and the Catholics". Spinartrecords.com. Archived
from the original on February 1, 2003. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ "Frank Blacks Out
Pixies Reunion". NME. December 13, 2000.
Archived from the original on October 17, 2011. Retrieved January 29,
* ^ Mendelssohn 2005 , pp. 152, 168, 191
* ^ "
Pixies to Reunite for Tour—Official!". NME. February 3,
2004. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies Sell Out!". NME. February 24, 2004. Retrieved January
* ^ Rowland, Mark (November 11, 2006). "Pixies: LoudQUIETLoud".
Pennyblackmusic.co.uk. Retrieved January 26, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies : Minneapolis Fine Line Music Cafe". NME. May 6, 2004.
Retrieved September 10, 2006.
* ^ A B Cohen, Jonathan (April 27, 2004). "
Pixies Bolster North
American Tour Plans". Allbusiness.com. Archived from the original on
January 23, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
* ^ Moss, Corey & Perez, Rodrigo (May 3, 2004). "Cure, Pixies
Hottest Things at Coachella (Aside From Weather)". MTV.com. Retrieved
January 27, 2011.
* ^ Capobianco, Ken (September 30, 2004). "Music Awards celebrate
songs, not celebrities (subscription needed)". The
Retrieved October 1, 2006.
* ^ Kot, Greg (November 7, 2004). "
Pixies defy odds with reunion
tour". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
* ^ Oates, John (June 28, 2004). "
Pixies top UK download chart".
The Register. Retrieved September 10, 2006.
* ^ Phares, Heather. "Wave of Mutilation: The Best of Pixies".
Allmusic. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
* ^ Deming, Mark. "Enjoy Every Sandwich: The Songs of Warren
Zevon". Allmusic. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
* ^ Ford, Tracey (April 25, 2005). "
Weezer Rock Lollapalooza".
Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on November 2, 2007.
Retrieved January 15, 2011.
* ^ Mella, Daniel (May 26, 2005). "
Pixies Supported by Idlewild at
\'T on the Fringe\'". Gigwise. Retrieved September 10, 2006.
* ^ "
Pixies Unplug for Newport Folk Festival". Billboard.com.
Retrieved September 10, 2006.
* ^ "
Pixies announce summer tour". NME. March 23, 2006. Retrieved
January 26, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies announce Australian tour dates". NME. February 16,
2007. Retrieved January 26, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies Announce Australian Tour". City Search Perth. September
2009. Archived from the original on 2011-08-21. Retrieved January 26,
* ^ "
Pixies mainman gives lowdown on band\'s new album". NME. July
31, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies to begin work on new album". NME. October 24, 2006.
Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies to begin reunite for new album?". NME. August 27, 2008.
Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies say they will never record again". NME. June 6, 2006.
Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ "
Frank Black on
Triple J . June 19, 2007.
Retrieved June 22, 2007.
* ^ "
Pixies abandon new songs". NME. June 20, 2006. Retrieved
February 3, 2011.
* ^ "Frank Black:
Kim Deal is against new
Pixies album". NME.
October 12, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
* ^ A B "
Pixies announce \'Doolittle\' tour and ticket details".
NME. June 29, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies kick off US leg of \'Doolittle\' tour in Los Angeles".
NME. November 5, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies add additional \'Doolittle\' anniversary tour dates in
Europe, U.S., Australia". Slicing Up Eyeballs. September 24, 2009.
Retrieved March 28, 2010.
* ^ "
Pixies announce Australia, New Zealand and European live
dates". NME. January 19, 2010. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies announce US \'Doolittle\' tour details". NME. June 3,
2010. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies to bring \'Doolittle\' tour to Canada, three more U.S.
cities in April, May". Slicing Up Eyeballs. January 20, 2011.
Retrieved January 30, 2011.
* ^ "
Kim Deal \'welcome to rejoin Pixies\' says drummer Dave
IPC Media . October 16, 2013.
* ^ "
Pixies – Bagboy: New music The
Pixies are back without Kim
Deal but with their first new song since 2004. And it\'s worth the
wait.". The Guardian. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
* ^ "
Pixies Announce Leg One of Massive Global Tour". New Noise
Magazine. July 1, 2013. Archived from the original on September 17,
2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
* ^ "
Pixies Announce Tour, Will Release More New Material". Paste
Magazine. July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
* ^ "The
Pixies announce European tour with new bassist and new
music". Gigwise. July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
* ^ Modell, Josh (December 2, 2013). "
Pixies Part Ways with Kim
The A.V. Club .
* ^ "
Pixies name Paz Lenchatin as new bassist". NME.COM.
* ^ "
Pixies confirm release of Indie Cindy, their first studio
album in two decades Music". theguardian.com. 2014-03-24. Retrieved
* ^ Steve Appleford (April 25, 2014). "The
Pixies on \'Indie
Cindy\' and Recording Without Kim Deal". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May
* ^ Luke Morgan Britton (March 16, 2015). "
Robert Plant joins
forces with the
Pixies for tour". NME. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
* ^ Monroe, Jazz. "
Pixies Announce New Album Head Carrier, Share
"Um Chagga Lagga": Listen Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 6
* ^ Jason, Cohen, "Life to the Pixies", Spin (August 2002), p. 36
* ^ Gore, Joe (1991). The Pixies: Gods of Almost Pop. April. Guitar
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 13
* ^ Erlewine, Stephen. "Pixies". Pixies. allmusic.com. Retrieved
July 22, 2011.
* ^ Steinhoff, Jessica (October 7, 2009). "Why Black Francis
didn\'t go into real estate". The Daily Page. Retrieved January 28,
* ^ Miles, Milo (March 14, 1993). "Recordings View; Black Francis?
Frank Black? It\'s Still Charles Thompson". The New York Times.
Retrieved January 28, 2011.
* ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 48–49
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 46
* ^ 29 Geeky Facts You Might Not Know About Pixies, NME
* ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 12, 49
* ^ A B Rogers, Jude (May 3, 2009). "\'It used to be about music.
Now, without the drink, it\'s good to go back to that\'". The
Observer. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
* ^ Sisario 2006 , p. 29
* ^ Sisario 2006 , pp. 94, 119–120
* ^ A B Sisario 2006 , p. 18
* ^ A B Doolittle (CD booklet). Pixies.
4AD Ltd. 1989.
* ^ A B
Surfer Rosa (CD booklet). Pixies.
4AD Ltd. 1988.
* ^ Chick, Steve (March 14, 2008). "Sister Bliss". The Guardian.
Retrieved January 2, 2011.
* ^ "
Pixies Pen First New Song in 13 Years". Billboard.com. June
12, 2004. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
* ^ "Pixies: Biography". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
* ^ A B C D Egan, Barry (September 20, 2009). "A gigantic influence
on pop music". Independent.ie. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
* ^ A B C D "The reunion tour of the year has come to DVD". Rhino
Magazine. July 25, 2005. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
Retrieved September 9, 2006.
* ^ "Weezer". Allmusic. 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
* ^ Sinclair, Tom (September 17, 2004). "Pixie Dusted". EW Weekly.
Retrieved February 3, 2012.
* ^ Dowling, Stephen (June 2, 2004). "The Pixies: Rock\'s comeback
kings". BBC News. Retrieved August 11, 2006.
* ^ Azerrad, Michael (1993). Come As You Are: The Story of Nirvana.
Doubleday. p. 313. ISBN 0-385-47199-8 .
* ^ A B Jawetz, Gil (April 27, 2004). "Pixies". DVD Talk. Retrieved
January 23, 2011.
* ^ A B C Frank ">"". Pop Bunker. Archived from the original on
2011-07-24. Retrieved January 24, 2011.
* ^ Mendelssohn 2005 , p. 94
* ^ A B Barding, Andy (June 7, 2004). "The
Pixies And Me".
Playlouder.com. Archived from the original on November 24, 2006.
Retrieved January 23, 2011.
* ^ Mendelssohn 2005 , p. 95
* ^ "loudQUIETloud: a film about the Pixies". loudQuietloud.com.
2006. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
* ^ "Live at the Town and Country Club 1988". Allmusic. Retrieved
February 6, 2011.
* ^ Cornelius, David (August 22, 2006). "The
Pixies Acoustic: Live
in Newport". DVD Talk. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
* ^ Wallis, John (Octo