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Piccadilly
Piccadilly
(/ˌpɪkəˈdɪli/) is a road in the City of Westminster, London to the south of Mayfair, between Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
in the west and Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
in the east. It is part of the A4 road that connects central London to Hammersmith, Earl's Court, Heathrow Airport and the M4 motorway
M4 motorway
westward. St James's
St James's
is to the south of the eastern section, while the western section is built up only on the northern side. Piccadilly
Piccadilly
is just under 1 mile (1.6 km) in length, and is one of the widest and straightest streets in central London. The street has been a main thoroughfare since at least medieval times, and in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
was known as "the road to Reading" or "the way from Colnbrook". Around 1611 or 1612, a Robert Baker acquired land in the area and prospered by making and selling piccadills.[nb 1] Shortly after purchasing the land, he enclosed it and erected several dwellings, including his home, Pikadilly Hall. What is now Piccadilly was named Portugal Street in 1663 after Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II, and grew in importance after the road from Charing Cross to Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
was closed to allow the creation of Green Park
Green Park
in 1668. Some of the most notable stately homes in London were built on the northern side of the street during this period, including Clarendon House
Clarendon House
and Burlington House
Burlington House
in 1664. Berkeley House, constructed around the same time as Clarendon House, was destroyed by a fire in 1733 and rebuilt as Devonshire House
Devonshire House
in 1737 by William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. It was later used as the main headquarters for the Whig party. Burlington House
Burlington House
has since been home to several noted societies, including the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
of Arts, the Geological Society of London
Geological Society of London
and the Royal Astronomical Society. Several members of the Rothschild family had mansions at the western end of the street. St James's
St James's
Church was consecrated in 1684 and the surrounding area became St James Parish. The Old White Horse Cellar, at No. 155, was one of the most famous coaching inns in England by the late 18th century, by which time the street had become a favourable location for booksellers. The Bath Hotel emerged around 1790, and Walsingham House
Walsingham House
was built in 1887. Both the Bath and the Walsingham were purchased and demolished, and the prestigious Ritz Hotel built on their site in 1906. Piccadilly Circus station, at the east end of the street, was designed by Charles Holden and built between 1925 and 1928. It was the first underground station to have no above-ground premises; the station is only accessible by subways from street level.[2] The clothing store Simpson's was established at Nos. 203–206 Piccadilly
Piccadilly
by Alec Simpson in 1936. During the 20th century, Piccadilly
Piccadilly
became known as a place to acquire heroin, and was notorious in the 1960s as the centre of London's illegal drug trade. Today, it is regarded as one of London's principal shopping streets. Its landmarks include the Ritz, Park Lane, Athenaeum and Intercontinental hotels, Fortnum & Mason, the Royal Academy, the RAF Club, Hatchards, the Embassy of Japan and the High Commission of Malta. Piccadilly
Piccadilly
has inspired several works of fiction, including Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest
The Importance of Being Earnest
and the work of P. G. Wodehouse. It is one of a group of squares on the London Monopoly board.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Later 17th century 1.3 18th–19th centuries 1.4 20th–21st centuries

2 Transport 3 Cultural references 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit]

Apsley House
Apsley House
on an 1869 map. The neighbouring houses were demolished in the early 1960s to allow Park Lane
Park Lane
to be widened. The Wellington Arch has been moved since this time.

The street has been part of a main road for centuries, although there is no evidence that it was part of a Roman road, unlike Oxford Street further north.[3] In the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
it was known as "the road to Reading" or "the way from Colnbrook".[4] During the Tudor period, relatively settled conditions made expansion beyond London's city walls a safer venture. Property speculation became a lucrative enterprise, and developments grew so rapidly that the threat of disease and disorder prompted the government to ban developments. Owing to the momentum of growth, the laws had little real effect.[5] A plot of land bounded by Coventry, Sherwood, Glasshouse and Rupert streets and the line of Smith's Court was granted by Elizabeth I to William Dodington, a gentlemen of London, in 1559–60. A year or so later it was owned by a brewer, Thomas Wilson of St Botolph-without-Aldgate. The grant did not include a small parcel of land, ​1 3⁄8 acres in area, on the east of what is now Great Windmill Street. That plot may have never belonged to the Crown, and was owned by Anthony Cotton in the reign of Henry VIII. John Cotton granted it to John Golightly in 1547, and his descendants sold it to a tailor, Robert Baker, in c. 1611–12. Six or seven years later, Baker bought 22 acres of Wilson's land, thanks largely to money from his second marriage.[5][nb 2] Baker became financially successful by making and selling fashionable piccadills.[1] Shortly after purchasing the land, he enclosed it (the parishioners had Lammas
Lammas
grazing rights) and erected several dwellings, including a residence and shop for himself; within two years his house was known as Pickadilly Hall.[5][6][7][nb 3] A map published by Faithorne in 1658 describes the street as "the way from Knightsbridge to Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Hall".[9] A nearby gaming house, known as Shaver's Hall and nicknamed "Tart Hall" or "Pickadell Hall", was popular with the gentry of London. Lord Dell lost £3000 gambling at cards there in 1641.[10] After Robert Baker's death in 1623 and the death of his eldest son Samuel shortly after, his widow and her father purchased the wardship of their surviving children; the death of the next eldest son, Robert, in 1630, allowed them to effectively control the estate.[5] Their only daughter died and her widower, Sir Henry Oxenden, retained an interest in the land. Several relatives claimed it,[nb 4] but after Mary Baker's death in about 1665, the estate reverted to the Crown.[5] A great-nephew, John Baker, obtained possession of part of it, but squabbled over the lands with his cousin, James Baker; trying to play one another off, they paid or granted rights to Oxenden and a speculator, Colonel Thomas Panton, but the pair eventually lost out to them. By the 1670s, Panton was developing the lands and, despite the claims of some distantly-related Bakers, he steadily built them up.[5] Later 17th century[edit]

St James's
St James's
Church has stood on Piccadilly
Piccadilly
since 1684, and was designed by Sir Christopher Wren

Piccadilly
Piccadilly
was named Portugal Street in 1663 after Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II.[9] Its importance to traffic increased after an earlier road from Charing Cross
Charing Cross
to Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
was closed to allow the creation of Green Park
Green Park
in 1668.[3] After the Restoration of the English monarchy in 1660, Charles II encouraged the development of Portugal Street and the area to the north (Mayfair)and they became fashionable residential localities.[11] Some of the grandest mansions in London were built on the northern side of the street. Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon
Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon
and close political adviser to the king, purchased land for a house; Clarendon House
Clarendon House
(now the location of Albemarle Street) was built in 1664,[12] and the earl sold the surplus land partly to Sir John Denham, who built what later became Burlington House. Denham chose the location because it was on the outskirts of London surrounded by fields. The house was first used to house the poor, before being reconstructed by the third Earl of Burlington in 1718.[13] Berkeley House was constructed around the same time as Clarendon House.[13] It was destroyed by a fire in 1733, and rebuilt as Devonshire House
Devonshire House
in 1737 by William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, and was subsequently used as the headquarters for the Whig party.[14] Devonshire House
Devonshire House
survived until 1921, before being sold for redevelopment by Edward Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire
Edward Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire
for £1 million.[15] Burlington House
Burlington House
has since been home to the Royal Academy of Arts, the Geological Society of London, the Linnean Society of London, the Royal Astronomical Society, the British Astronomical Association, the Society of Antiquaries of London
Society of Antiquaries of London
and the Royal Society of Chemistry.[16]

Burlington House, home to several learned societies

The land to the south of Piccadilly
Piccadilly
was leased to trustees of the Earl of St Albans in 1661 for a thirty-year term, subsequently extended to 1740. Nos. 162–165 were granted freehold by the king to Sir Edward Villiers in 1674.[3] The White Bear Inn had been established between what is now No. 221 Piccadilly
Piccadilly
and the parallel Jermyn Street since 1685. It remained in use throughout the 18th century before being demolished in 1870 to make way for a restaurant.[3] St James's
St James's
Church was first proposed in 1664, when residents wanted to become a separate parish from St Martin in the Fields. After several Bill readings, construction began in 1676. The building was designed by Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
and cost around £5,000. It was consecrated in 1684, when the surrounding area became St James Parish.[17] By 1680, most of the original residential properties along Portugal Street had been demolished or built over.[18] The name Piccadilly
Piccadilly
was applied to part of the street east of Swallow Street
Swallow Street
by 1673, and eventually became the de facto name for the entire length of Portugal Street.[9] A plan of the area around St James Parish in 1720 describes the road as "Portugal Street aka Piccadilly".[19] John Rocque's Map of London, published in 1746, refers to the entire street as Piccadilly.[9][nb 5] 18th–19th centuries[edit]

The view of Piccadilly
Piccadilly
from Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
in 1810

Piccadilly
Piccadilly
was increasingly developed and by the middle of the 18th century it was continuously built on as far as Hyde Park Corner.[21] The development of St James's
St James's
and Mayfair
Mayfair
in particular made Piccadilly
Piccadilly
into one of the busiest roads in London.[22] Hugh Mason and William Fortnum started the Fortnum & Mason partnership on Piccadilly
Piccadilly
in 1705, selling recycled candles from Buckingham Palace.[23] By 1788, the store sold poultry, potted meats, lobsters and prawns, savoury patties, Scotch eggs, and fresh and dried fruits.[24] The street acquired a reputation for numerous inns and bars during this period.[25] The Old White Horse Cellar, at No. 155, was one of the most famous coaching inns in England but was later destroyed.[24] The Black Bear and White Bear (originally the Fleece) public houses were nearly opposite each other, although the former was demolished in about 1820. Also of note were the Hercules' Pillars, just west of Hamilton Place, the Triumphant Car, which was popular with soldiers, and the White Horse and Half Moon.[25] The Bath Hotel emerged around 1790[26] and Walsingham House
Walsingham House
was built in 1887.[27] The Bath and the Walsingham were demolished when the Ritz Hotel opened on the site in 1906.[28] No. 106, on the corner of Piccadilly
Piccadilly
and Brick Street was built for Hugh Hunlock in 1761. It was subsequently owned by the 6th Earl of Coventry who remodelled it around 1765; most of the architecture from this renovation has survived. In 1869, it became home to the St James's Club, a gentleman's club which stayed there until 1978.[29] The building is now the London campus of the Limkokwing University of Creative Technology.[30] Several members of the Rothschild family had mansions at the western end of the street. Nathan Mayer Rothschild
Nathan Mayer Rothschild
moved his banking premises to No. 107 in 1825, and the construction of other large buildings, complete with ballrooms and marble staircases, led to the street being colloquially referred to as Rothschild Row.[31] Ferdinand James von Rothschild lived at No. 143 with his wife Evelina while Lionel de Rothschild
Lionel de Rothschild
lived at No. 148.[32] Melbourne House was designed by William Chambers for Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne and built between 1770 and 1774. In 1802, it was converted to apartments, and is now the Albany.[33] The house has been the residence for the British Prime Ministers William Ewart Gladstone
William Ewart Gladstone
and Edward Heath.[33] St James's
St James's
Hall was designed by Owen Jones and built between 1857–8. Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
gave several readings of his novels in the hall, including Great Expectations
Great Expectations
and Oliver Twist. The hall hosted performances from Antonín Dvořák, Edvard Grieg
Edvard Grieg
and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. It was demolished in 1905 and replaced by the Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Hotel.[34]

The bookseller Hatchards
Hatchards
has been based on Piccadilly
Piccadilly
since 1797, occupying the current premises at what is now No. 187 in 1801

In the late-18th century, Piccadilly
Piccadilly
was a favoured place for booksellers. In 1765, John Almon opened a shop in No. 178, which was frequented by Lord Temple and other Whigs. John Stockdale opened a shop on No. 181 in 1781. The business continued after his death in 1810, and was run by his family until 1835. The oldest surviving bookshop in Britain, Hatchards
Hatchards
was started by John Hatchard at No. 173 in 1797, moving to the current location at No. 189-90 (now No. 187) in 1801. Aldine Press
Aldine Press
moved to Piccadilly
Piccadilly
from Chancery Lane
Chancery Lane
in 1842, and remained there until 1894.[3] The Egyptian Hall
Egyptian Hall
at No. 170, designed in 1812 by P. F. Robinson for W. Bullock of Liverpool, was modelled on Ancient Egyptian architecture, particularly the Great Temple of Dendera
Dendera
(Tentyra). [35] One author described it as "one of the strangest places Piccadilly ever knew".[36] It was a venue for exhibitions by the Society of Painters in Water Colours and the Society of Female Artists
Society of Female Artists
during the 19th century.[37] It contained numerous Egyptian antiquaries; at an auction in June 1822, two "imperfect" Sekhmet
Sekhmet
statues were sold for £380, and a flawless one went for £300.[38] 20th–21st centuries[edit]

The Ritz hotel opened in Piccadilly
Piccadilly
in 1906

By the 1920s most old buildings had been demolished or were in institutional use as traffic noise had driven away residents but a few residential properties remained. Albert, Duke of York lived at No. 145 at the time of his accession as King George VI in 1936.[21]

Simpsons of Piccadilly, now the Waterstones
Waterstones
flagship store

The clothing store Simpson's was established at 203 - 206 Piccadilly
Piccadilly
by Alec Simpson in 1936, who provided factory-made men's clothing. The premises were designed by the architect Joseph Amberton in a style that mixed art deco and Bauhaus
Bauhaus
school design and an influence from Louis Sullivan. On opening it claimed to be the largest menswear store in London. It closed in January 1999 and its premises are the flagship shop of the booksellers Waterstones.[39] During the 20th century, Piccadilly
Piccadilly
became known as a place to acquire heroin. Jazz trumpeter Dizzy Reece recalled people queuing outside Piccadilly's branch of Boots for heroin pills in the late 1940s.[40] By the 1960s, the street and surrounding area were notorious as the centre of London's illegal drug trade, where heroin and cocaine could be purchased on the black market from unscrupulous chemists.[41] By 1982, up to 20 people could be seen queueing at a chemist dealing in illegal drugs in nearby Shaftesbury Avenue.[42] No. 144 was occupied by squatters in 1968, taking advantage of a law that allowed disused buildings to be used for emergency shelter for the homeless. The radical squatting movement that resulted foundered soon after due to the rise of drug dealers and Hell's Angels
Hell's Angels
occupying the site. An eviction took place on 21 September 1969 and the events resulted in licensed squatting organisations that could take over empty premises to use as homeless shelters.[43] In 1983, A. Burr of the British Journal of Addiction published an article on "The Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Drug Scene", in which the author discussed the regular presence of known dealers and easy accessibility of drugs.[44][45] Today, Piccadilly
Piccadilly
is regarded as one of London's principal shopping streets, hosting several famous shops. The Ritz Hotel, the Park Lane Hotel, the Athenaeum Hotel
Athenaeum Hotel
and Intercontinental Hotels are located on the street, along with other luxury hotels and offices. Having been an established area for gentlemen's clubs in the 20th century, this has declined and only the Cavalry and Guards Club
Cavalry and Guards Club
and the Royal Air Force Club are left.[21] Transport[edit]

Piccadilly
Piccadilly
near Green Park
Green Park
station in 2009.

Piccadilly
Piccadilly
is a major thoroughfare in the West End of London
West End of London
and has several major road junctions. To the east, Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
opened in 1819 connecting it to Regent Street. It has become one of the most recognised landmarks in London, particularly after a statue of Eros was constructed on the junction in 1893, and the erection of large electric billboards in 1923.[46] At the western end of Piccadilly
Piccadilly
is Hyde Park Corner, and the street has a major road junction with St James's Street and other significant junctions at Albemarle Street, Bond Street
Bond Street
and Dover Street.[47] The road is part of the A4 connecting central London to Hammersmith, Earl's Court, Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
and the M4 motorway. Congestion along the road has been reported since the mid-19th century, leading to its progressive widening and removing the northern portions of Green Park.[48][49] Traffic signals were installed in the 1930s.[50] In the late 1950s, the Ministry of Transport remodelled Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
at the western end to form a major traffic gyratory system, including enlargement of Park Lane. It opened on 17 October 1962 at a cost of £5 million.[51][52] The London bus
London bus
routes 9, 14, 19, 22, 38, C2, N9, N19, N22, N38 and N97 all run along Piccadilly.[47] Part of the Piccadilly line
Piccadilly line
on the London Underground
London Underground
travels under the street.[53] Green Park, Hyde Park Corner, and Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
stations (which are all on the Piccadilly
Piccadilly
line) have entrances in or near Piccadilly.[47] Cultural references[edit] The music hall song "It's a Long Way to Tipperary" mentions Piccadilly and Leicester Square
Leicester Square
in its lyrics. It was written in 1912 about an Irishman living in London, but became popular after being adopted by the mostly Irish Connaught Rangers
Connaught Rangers
during World War I.[54] The street is mentioned in Gilbert and Sullivan's 1881 operetta Patience, in the lyrics of the song "If You're Anxious For To Shine".[55] One of the major hit songs of the Edwardian musical play The Arcadians (1909) which enjoyed long runs in the West End of London
West End of London
and on New York's Broadway is "All down Piccadilly" (Simplicitas and Chorus, Act III, revised version), with music by Lionel Monckton
Lionel Monckton
who also co-wrote the words with Arthur Wimperis.[56] Piccadilly
Piccadilly
is mentioned in several works of fiction. Raffles, E. W. Hornung's "gentleman thief" lives at the Albany as does Jack Worthing from Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest.[57] According to author Mary C King, Wilde chose the street because of its resemblance to the Spanish word peccadillo, meaning "slashed" or "pierced".[58] In Evelyn Waugh's novel Brideshead Revisited, the mansion, Marchmain House, supposedly located in a cul-de-sac off St James's
St James's
near Piccadilly, is demolished and replaced with flats. In the 1981 Granada Television dramatisation, Bridgewater House in Cleveland Row was used as the exterior of Marchmain House.[59] In Arthur Machen's 1894 novella The Great God Pan, Helen Vaughan, the satanic villainess and offspring of Pan, lives off Piccadilly
Piccadilly
in the pseudonymous Ashley Street.[58] Margery Allingham's detective, Albert Campion, has a flat at 17A Bottle Street, Piccadilly, over a police station, although Bottle Street is fictitious.[60] Several P.G. Wodehouse
P.G. Wodehouse
novels use the setting of Piccadilly
Piccadilly
as the playground of the rich, idle bachelor in the inter-war period of the 20th century. Notable instances are present in the characters of Bertie Wooster
Bertie Wooster
and his Drones Club
Drones Club
companions in the Jeeves
Jeeves
stories and the character of James Crocker in the story Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Jim.[61] Dorothy Sayers' fictional detective, Lord Peter Wimsey, was described as living at 110A Piccadilly
Piccadilly
in the inter-war period.[62] The street is a square on the British Monopoly board, forming a set with Leicester Square
Leicester Square
and Coventry Street.[63] When a European Union version of the game was produced in 1992, Piccadilly
Piccadilly
was one of three London streets selected, along with Oxford Street
Oxford Street
and Park Lane.[64] In 1996, Latvian singer Laima Vaikule
Laima Vaikule
released an album "Ya vyshla na Pikadilli" ("I Went Out on Piccadilly").[65] See also[edit]

London portal

Bentley & Skinner jewellers Bomber Command Memorial British Academy of Film and Television Arts
British Academy of Film and Television Arts
(BAFTA) Burlington Arcade Criterion Theatre[66] Egyptian Hall Embassy of Japan Fortnum & Mason Hatchards Le Méridien Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Hotel Gloucester House, accommodating Hard Rock Cafe
Hard Rock Cafe
(their first restaurant) High Commission of Malta, London Prince's Arcade Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Arcade Piccadilly
Piccadilly
(movie) The Ritz Hotel London

References[edit] Notes

^ Piccadills were stiff collars with scalloped edges and a broad lace or perforated border then in fashion.[1] ^ His second wife was Mary, daughter of Samuel Higgins, an apothecary.[5] ^ Piccadilly
Piccadilly
has also been described as a variation of the old Dutch word "Pickedillikens", meaning the extreme or utmost part of something.[8] ^ Edward Hobart, Robert's son-in-law, and a man claiming to be a great-nephew, John Baker, of Wellington, Somerset, or Payhembury, Devon. ^ The street was officially known as Portugal Street until circa 1750.[20]

Citations

^ a b Taggart, Caroline (13 June 2012). "The surprising reasons behind London's oldest place names". The Daily Telegraphy. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ Weinreb et al 2008, p. 641. ^ a b c d e F. H. W. Sheppard, ed. (1960). "Piccadilly, South Side". Survey of London. London: London County Council. 29–30: 251–270. Retrieved 26 March 2015.  ^ Kingsford 1925, p. 97. ^ a b c d e f g F. H. W. Sheppard, ed. (1963). "The Early History of Piccadilly". Survey of London. London: London County Council. 31–32: 32–40. Retrieved 26 March 2015.  ^ Kingsford 1925, p. 73. ^ Le Vay 2012, p. 112. ^ Dasent 1920, p. 8. ^ a b c d Kingsford 1925, p. 98. ^ Street 1907, pp. 3–4. ^ Wheatley 1870, p. 2. ^ Wheatley 1870, p. 83. ^ a b Kingsford 1925, p. 104. ^ Walford, Edward (1878). "Mansions in Piccadilly". 4. Old and New London: 273–290. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ Moore 2003, p. 116. ^ "Burlington House". Royal Society. Retrieved 1 August 2015.  ^ "Building History". St James's
St James's
Church, Piccadilly. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ Kingsford 1925, p. 40. ^ Wheatley 1870, p. xiv. ^ Wheatley 1870, p. 15. ^ a b c Weinreb et al 2008, p. 639. ^ McDonald 2004, p. 98. ^ Fullmann 2012, p. 61. ^ a b Binney 2006, p. 20. ^ a b Timbs 1866, p. 221. ^ "Lost". The Times. London, England. 19 December 1789. p. 1. Retrieved 26 June 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Cheshire House 66A Eaton Square, and 52 Eaton Mews West, SWI". Country Life. 196: 105. 2002. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ Macqueen-Pope 1972, p. 119. ^ Weinreb et al 2008, p. 640. ^ "Limkokwing University Campuses & Contact Centres". Limkokwing University of Creative Technology. Archived from the original on 31 December 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2008.  ^ Bedoire & Tanner 2004, pp. 129–30. ^ Morton 2014, p. 155. ^ a b Weinreb et al 2008, p. 10. ^ Weinreb et al 2008, p. 766. ^ Jones 1833, p. 157. ^ Macqueen-Pope 1972, p. 77. ^ Nineteenth-century Studies 2004, p. 145. ^ Starkey & Starkey 2001, p. 48. ^ Gillian, Leslie (13 December 1998). "Design: Goodbye, Piccadilly..." The Independent. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ Duffy, Jonathan (25 January 2006). "When heroin was legal". BBC News. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ Burr 1983, p. 883. ^ Burr 1983, p. 885. ^ "Police storm squat in Piccadilly". BBC News. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ Berridge 1990, p. 162. ^ Raistrick & Davidson 1985, p. 110. ^ " Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ a b c "Central London Bus Map" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.  ^ "Metropolitan Improvements – Hyde Park Corner". Hansard. 31 May 1883. Retrieved 30 July 2015.  ^ "The Widening of Piccadilly". Hansard. 15 August 1901. Retrieved 30 July 2015.  ^ "Traffic signals (Piccadilly)". Hansard. 8 February 1932. Retrieved 30 July 2015.  ^ "Building the Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
Underpass". Museum of London. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ "Hyde Park South Carriage Drive". Hansard. 13 November 1962. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ York 2013, p. 19. ^ Ciment & Russell 2007, p. 1083. ^ "Am I Alone - And Unobserved?". Gilbert and Sullivan
Gilbert and Sullivan
Archive. Retrieved 17 November 2016. .[ ^ "The Arcadians, operetta~Act 3. All down Piccadilly". AllMusic. Retrieved 23 January 2017.  ^ Cook 2013, p. 56. ^ a b Karschay 2015, p. 109. ^ Halliday 2013, p. 71. ^ Panek 1979, p. 131. ^ McIlvaine, Sherby & Heineman 1990, pp. 30–31. ^ Dorothy Sayers. "Whose Body". Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ Moore 2003, p. 86. ^ Moore 2003, p. 113. ^ "Я вышла на Пикадилли" (in Russian). Laima.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ "Location Map – Criterion Theatre". Criterion-Theatre.co.uk. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014. Foyer Entrance : 218–223 Piccadilly 

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in Three Centuries: With Some Account of Berkeley Square and the Haymarket. Macmillan and Company, limited.  Fullmann, Joe (2012). Frommer's London Day By Day. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-119-99486-2.  Halliday, Stephen (2013). From 221B Baker Street
Baker Street
to the Old Curiosity Shop: A Guide to London's Famous Literary Landmarks. The History Press. ISBN 978-0-752-49252-0.  Jones (1833). Metropolitan Improvements, Or London in the 19th Century. Jones & Company.  Karschay, Stephan (2015). Degeneration, Normativity and the Gothic at the Fin de Siècle : Palgrave Studies in Nineteenth-Century Writing and Culture. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-137-45033-3.  Kingsford, Charles Lethbridge (1925). The Early History of Piccadilly, Leicester Square, Soho and their Neighbourhood. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-62654-6.  Le Vay, Benedit (2012). Ben Le Vay's Eccentric London: A Practical Guide to a Curious City. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 978-1-841-62394-8.  Macqueen-Pope, Walter James (24 February 1972). Goodbye Piccadilly. David and Charles.  McDonald, Guy (2 February 2004). England. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 978-1-86011-116-7.  McIlvaine, E; Sherby, L.S; Heineman, J.H. (1990). P.G. Wodehouse: A comprehensive bibliography and checklist. New York: James H. Heineman. pp. 30–31. ISBN 087008125X.  Moore, Tim (2003). Do Not Pass Go. Vintage. ISBN 978-0-099-43386-6.  Morton, Frederic (21 October 2014). The Rothschilds: A Family Portrait. Diversion Books. ISBN 978-1-62681-394-6.  Nineteenth-century Studies. Southeastern Nineteenth-Century Studies Association. 2004.  Panek, LeRoy (1979). Watteau's Shepherds: The Detective Novel in Britain, 1914–1940. Popular Press. ISBN 978-0-879-72132-9.  Raistrick, Duncan; Davidson, Robin (1985). Alcoholism and Drug Addiction. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-443-03092-5.  Starkey, Paul; Starkey, Janet (22 September 2001). Travellers in Egypt. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1-86064-674-4.  Street, George Slythe (1907). The Ghosts of Piccadilly. G. P. Putnam's Sons.  Timbs, John (1866). Club Life of London with Anecdotes of the Clubs, Coffee-Houses and Taverns of the Metropolis During the 17th, 18th, and 19th Centuries: By John Timbs. Richard Bentley.  Wheatley, Henry Benjamin (1870). Round about Piccadilly
Piccadilly
and Pall Mall: Or, A Ramble from the Haymarket to Hyde Park. Smith, Elder & Company.  Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher; Keay, Julia; Keay, John (2008). The London Encyclopedia. Pan MacMillan. ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5.  York, Peter (7 March 2013). The Blue Riband: The Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Line. Penguin Books Limited. ISBN 978-1-84614-680-0. 

Further reading[edit]

John Timbs
John Timbs
(1867), "Piccadilly", Curiosities of London (2nd ed.), London: J.C. Hotten, OCLC 12878129 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Piccadilly.

Look up Piccadilly
Piccadilly
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

The Early History of Piccadilly
Piccadilly
– from the Survey of London An article from the International Herald Tribune about the closing of Simpsons, its history and place on Piccadilly The Lights of Piccadilly

v t e

London landmarks

Buildings and structures

Bridges

Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues

Cinemas

Empire, Leicester Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London Stadium
London Stadium
(West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena

Government

10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy
Royal Academy
of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's
St James's
Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London Eye London Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross
Charing Cross
station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London Bridge
London Bridge
station Paddington station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park

Other

Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester Square Oxford Circus Parliament Square Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Chancery Lane Charing Cross
Charing Cross
Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

Coordinates: 51°30′25″N 0°08′32″W / 51.50698°N 0.14235°W /

.