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PARAMOUNT PICTURES CORPORATION (also known simply as PARAMOUNT) is an American film studio based in Hollywood
Hollywood
, California
California
, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom
Viacom
since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States
United States
, and the sole member of the "Big Six" film studios still located in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
neighborhood of Hollywood. In 1916, film producer Adolph Zukor contracted 22 actors and actresses and honored each with a star on the logo. These fortunate few would become the first "movie stars." In 2014, Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
became the first major Hollywood
Hollywood
studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only.

Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Famous Players Film Company

* 1.2 Famous Players-Lasky

* 1.2.1 Publix, Balaban and Katz, Loew\'s competition and wonder theaters

* 1.3 1931–40: Receivership * 1.4 1941–50: United States
United States
v. Paramount Pictures, Inc.

* 1.5 1951–66: Split and after

* 1.5.1 The DuMont Network

* 1.6 1966–70: Early Gulf+Western era * 1.7 1971–80: CIC formation and high-concept era * 1.8 1980–94: Continual success * 1.9 1994–2005: Dolgen/Lansing and "old" Viacom
Viacom
era * 1.10 2005–2006: Dissolution of the Viacom
Viacom
Entertainment Group and Paramount

* 1.11 2006–present: Paramount today

* 1.11.1 CBS
CBS
Corporation/ Viacom
Viacom
split * 1.11.2 DreamWorks
DreamWorks
purchased * 1.11.3 History since 2006

* 2 Investments

* 2.1 DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Pictures * 2.2 CBS
CBS
library

* 3 Units

* 3.1 Subsidiaries * 3.2 Divisions * 3.3 Joint ventures * 3.4 Former divisions, subsidiaries, and joint ventures * 3.5 Other interests

* 4 Logo * 5 Studio tours

* 6 Film
Film
library

* 6.1 Highest-grossing films

* 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links

HISTORY

FAMOUS PLAYERS FILM COMPANY

Main article: Famous Players Film Company

Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world after the French studios Gaumont Film
Film
Company (1895) and Pathé (1896), followed by the Nordisk Film
Film
company (1906), and Universal Studios (1912). It is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood
Hollywood
district of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
.

Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
dates its existence from the 1912 founding date of the Famous Players Film Company . Hungarian-born founder, Adolph Zukor , who had been an early investor in nickelodeons , saw that movies appealed mainly to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman
Charles Frohman
he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time (leading to the slogan "Famous Players in Famous Plays"). By mid-1913, Famous Players
Famous Players
had completed five films, and Zukor was on his way to success. Its first film was Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth , which starred Sarah Bernhardt .

That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky
Jesse L. Lasky
, opened his Lasky Feature Play Company with money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish, later known as Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
. The Lasky company hired as their first employee a stage director with virtually no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
, who would find a suitable site in Hollywood, near Los Angeles, for his first feature film, The Squaw Man . Paramount Pictures' first logo, based on a design by its founder William Wadsworth Hodkinson , used from 1917 to 1967.

Starting in 1914, both Lasky and Famous Players
Famous Players
released their films through a start-up company, Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Corporation, organized early that year by a Utah
Utah
theatre owner, W. W. Hodkinson
W. W. Hodkinson
, who had bought and merged several smaller firms. Hodkinson and actor, director, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London
Jack London
movies. Paramount was the first successful nationwide distributor; until this time, films were sold on a statewide or regional basis which had proved costly to film producers. Also, Famous Players and Lasky were privately owned while Paramount was a corporation.

FAMOUS PLAYERS-LASKY

Main article: Famous Players-Lasky

In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, and Paramount. Zukor and Lasky bought Hodkinson out of Paramount, and merged the three companies into one. The new company Lasky and Zukor founded, FAMOUS PLAYERS-LASKY CORPORATION, grew quickly, with Lasky and his partners Goldwyn and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, and Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business. Lasky's original studio (a.k.a. "The Barn") as it appeared in the mid 1920s. The Taft building, built in 1923, is visible in the background.

Because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford , Marguerite Clark , Pauline Frederick , Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
, Gloria Swanson
Gloria Swanson
, Rudolph Valentino , and Wallace Reid . With so many important players, Paramount was able to introduce "block booking ", which meant that an exhibitor who wanted a particular star's films had to buy a year's worth of other Paramount productions. It was this system that gave Paramount a leading position in the 1920s and 1930s, but which led the government to pursue it on antitrust grounds for more than twenty years.

The driving force behind Paramount's rise was Zukor. Through the teens and twenties, he built the PUBLIX THEATRES CORPORATION, a chain of nearly 2,000 screens, ran two production studios (in Astoria, New York , now the Kaufman Astoria Studios
Kaufman Astoria Studios
, and Hollywood, California
California
), and became an early investor in radio, taking a 50% interest in the new Columbia Broadcasting System in 1928 (selling it within a few years; this would not be the last time Paramount and CBS
CBS
crossed paths).

In 1926, Zukor hired independent producer B. P. Schulberg , an unerring eye for new talent, to run the new West Coast operations. They purchased the Robert Brunton Studios, a 26-acre facility at 5451 Marathon Street for US$1 million. In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took the name PARAMOUNT FAMOUS LASKY CORPORATION. Three years later, because of the importance of the Publix Theatres, it became PARAMOUNT PUBLIX CORPORATION.

In 1928, Paramount began releasing Inkwell Imps , animated cartoons produced by Max and Dave Fleischer 's Fleischer Studios
Fleischer Studios
in New York City. The Fleischers, veterans in the animation industry, were among the few animation producers capable of challenging the prominence of Walt Disney . The Paramount newsreel series Paramount News ran from 1927 to 1957. Paramount was also one of the first Hollywood
Hollywood
studios to release what were known at that time as "talkies ", and in 1929, released their first musical, Innocents of Paris . Richard A. Whiting and Leo Robin composed the score for the film; Maurice Chevalier starred and sung the most famous song from the film, "Louise ".

Publix, Balaban And Katz, Loew\'s Competition And Wonder Theaters

By acquiring the successful Balaban the Frohman brothers, Hodkinson and Goldwyn were out by 1917 while Lasky hung on until 1932, when, blamed for the near-collapse of Paramount in the Depression years, he too was tossed out. Zukor's over-expansion and use of overvalued Paramount stock for purchases led the company into receivership in 1933. A bank-mandated reorganization team, led by John Hertz and Otto Kahn kept the company intact, and, miraculously, Zukor was kept on. In 1935, Paramount-Publix went bankrupt. In 1936, Barney Balaban became president, and Zukor was bumped up to chairman of the board. In this role, Zukor reorganized the company as PARAMOUNT PICTURES, INC. and was able to successfully bring the studio out of bankruptcy.

As always, Paramount films continued to emphasize stars; in the 1920s there were Swanson, Valentino, and Clara Bow . By the 1930s, talkies brought in a range of powerful new draws: Miriam Hopkins
Miriam Hopkins
, Marlene Dietrich , Mae West , W.C. Fields
W.C. Fields
, Jeanette MacDonald
Jeanette MacDonald
, Claudette Colbert , the Marx Brothers
Marx Brothers
(whose first two films were shot at Paramount's Astoria, New York , studio), Dorothy Lamour
Dorothy Lamour
, Carole Lombard , Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
, band leader Shep Fields
Shep Fields
, famous Argentine tango singer Carlos Gardel
Carlos Gardel
, and Gary Cooper among them. In this period Paramount can truly be described as a movie factory, turning out sixty to seventy pictures a year. Such were the benefits of having a huge theater chain to fill, and of block booking to persuade other chains to go along. In 1933, Mae West would also add greatly to Paramount's success with her suggestive movies She Done Him Wrong and I\'m No Angel . However, the sex appeal West gave in these movies would also lead to the enforcement of the Production Code
Production Code
, as the newly formed organization the Catholic Legion of Decency threatened a boycott if it was not enforced.

Paramount cartoons produced by Fleischer Studios
Fleischer Studios
continued to be successful, with characters such as Betty Boop
Betty Boop
and Popeye the Sailor becoming widely successful. One Fleischer series, Screen Songs , featured live-action music stars under contract to Paramount hosting sing-alongs of popular songs. The animation studio would rebound with Popeye , and in 1935, polls showed that Popeye was even more popular than Mickey Mouse . After an unsuccessful expansion into feature films, as well as the fact that Max and Dave Fleischer were no longer speaking to one another, Fleischer Studios
Fleischer Studios
was acquired by Paramount, which renamed the operation Famous Studios
Famous Studios
. That incarnation of the animation studio continued cartoon production until 1967, but has been historically dismissed as having largely failed to maintain the artistic acclaim the Fleischer brothers achieved under their management. The original Paramount logo seen on its 1930s films and Popeye shorts.

1941–50: UNITED STATES V. PARAMOUNT PICTURES, INC.

In 1940, Paramount agreed to a government-instituted consent decree: block booking and "pre-selling" (the practice of collecting up-front money for films not yet in production) would end. Immediately, Paramount cut back on production, from seventy-one pictures to a more modest nineteen annually in the war years. Still, with more new stars like Bob Hope
Bob Hope
, Alan Ladd
Alan Ladd
, Veronica Lake , Paulette Goddard , and Betty Hutton
Betty Hutton
, and with war-time attendance at astronomical numbers, Paramount and the other integrated studio-theatre combines made more money than ever. At this, the Federal Trade Commission
Federal Trade Commission
and the Justice Department decided to reopen their case against the five integrated studios. Paramount also had a monopoly over Detroit
Detroit
movie theaters through subsidiary company United Detroit
Detroit
Theaters as well. This led to the Supreme Court decision United States
United States
v. Paramount Pictures, Inc. (1948) holding that movie studios could not also own movie theater chains. This decision broke up Adolph Zukor's creation and effectively brought an end to the classic Hollywood
Hollywood
studio system .

1951–66: SPLIT AND AFTER

With the separation of production and exhibition forced by the U.S. Supreme Court, Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Inc. was split in two. Paramount Pictures Corporation was formed to be the production distribution company, with the 1,500-screen theater chain handed to the new United Paramount Theaters on December 31, 1949. Leonard Goldenson , who had headed the chain since 1938, remained as the new company's president. The Balaban and Katz theatre division was spun off with UPT; its trademark eventually became the property of the Balaban and Katz Historical Foundation. The Foundation has recently acquired ownership of the Famous Players
Famous Players
Trademark. Cash-rich and controlling prime downtown real estate, Goldenson began looking for investments. Barred from film-making by prior anti-trust rulings, he acquired the struggling ABC television network in February 1953, leading it first to financial health, and eventually, in the mid-1970s, to first place in the national Nielsen ratings, before selling out to Capital Cities in 1985 (Capital Cities would eventually sell out, in turn, to The Walt Disney Company in 1996). United Paramount Theaters
United Paramount Theaters
was renamed ABC Theaters in 1965 and was sold to businessman Henry Plitt in 1974. The movie theater chain was renamed Plitt Theaters. In 1985, Cineplex Odeon Corporation merged with Plitt. In later years, Paramount's TV division would develop a strong relationship with ABC, providing many hit series to the network.

The DuMont Network

Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
had been an early backer of television, launching experimental stations in 1939 in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Chicago. The Los Angeles station eventually became KTLA , the first commercial station on the West Coast. The Chicago station got a commercial license as WBKB in 1943, but was sold to UPT along with Balaban & Katz in 1948 and was eventually resold to CBS
CBS
as WBBM-TV .

In 1938, Paramount bought a stake in television manufacturer DuMont Laboratories . Through this stake, it became a minority owner of the DuMont Television Network
DuMont Television Network
. Also Paramount launched its own network, Paramount Television Network , in 1948 through its television unit, Television Productions, Inc.

Paramount management planned to acquire additional owned-and-operated stations ("O the company applied to the FCC for additional stations in San Francisco, Detroit, and Boston. The FCC, however, denied Paramount's applications. A few years earlier, the federal regulator had placed a five-station cap on all television networks: no network was allowed to own more than five VHF television stations. Paramount was hampered by its minority stake in the DuMont Television Network. Although both DuMont and Paramount executives stated that the companies were separate, the FCC ruled that Paramount's partial ownership of DuMont meant that DuMont and Paramount were in theory branches of the same company. Since DuMont owned three television stations and Paramount owned two, the federal agency ruled neither network could acquire additional television stations. The FCC requested that Paramount relinquish its stake in DuMont, but Paramount refused. According to television historian William Boddy, "Paramount's checkered anti-trust history" helped convince the FCC that Paramount controlled DuMont. Both DuMont and Paramount Television Network suffered as a result, with neither company able to acquire five O only Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
, associated with Paramount since 1913, kept making pictures in the grand old style. Despite Paramount's losses, DeMille would, however, give the studio some relief and create his most successful film at Paramount, a 1956 remake of his 1923 film The Ten Commandments . DeMille died in 1959. Like some other studios, Paramount saw little value in its film library, and sold 764 of its pre-1948 films to MCA Inc.
MCA Inc.
(known today as Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Inc. ) in February 1958.

1966–70: EARLY GULF+WESTERN ERA

Paramount's logo from 1953–1975. The Gulf+Western byline was introduced following the company's purchase of Paramount. The variant shown here was used in the first three Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
films, the first of which was released in 1981.

By the early 1960s, Paramount's future was doubtful. The high-risk movie business was wobbly; the theater chain was long gone; investments in DuMont and in early pay-television came to nothing; and the Golden Age of Hollywood
Hollywood
had just ended, even the flagship Paramount building in Times Square was sold to raise cash, as was KTLA (sold to Gene Autry in 1964 for a then-phenomenal $12.5 million). Their only remaining successful property at that point was Dot Records , which Paramount had acquired in 1957, and even its profits started declining by the middle of the 1960s. Founding father Adolph Zukor (born in 1873) was still chairman emeritus; he referred to chairman Barney Balaban (born 1888) as "the boy." Such aged leadership was incapable of keeping up with the changing times, and in 1966, a sinking Paramount was sold to Charles Bluhdorn 's industrial conglomerate, Gulf + Western Industries Corporation . Bluhdorn immediately put his stamp on the studio, installing a virtually unknown producer named Robert Evans as head of production. Despite some rough times, Evans held the job for eight years, restoring Paramount's reputation for commercial success with The Odd Couple , Rosemary\'s Baby , Love Story , The Godfather
The Godfather
, Chinatown , and 3 Days of the Condor .

Gulf + Western Industries also bought the neighboring Desilu television studio (once the lot of RKO Pictures ) from Lucille Ball in 1967. Using some of Desilu's established shows such as Star Trek
Star Trek
, Mission: Impossible , and Mannix as a foot in the door at the networks, the newly reincorporated Paramount Television eventually became known as a specialist in half-hour situation comedies.

1971–80: CIC FORMATION AND HIGH-CONCEPT ERA

In 1970, Paramount teamed with Universal Studios
Universal Studios
to form Cinema International Corporation , a new company that would distribute films by the two studios outside the United States. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer would become a partner in the mid-1970s. Both Paramount and CIC entered the video market with Paramount Home Video (now Paramount Home Entertainment ) and CIC Video
CIC Video
, respectively.

Robert Evans abandoned his position as head of production in 1974; his successor, Richard Sylbert , proved to be too literary and too tasteful for Gulf + Western's Bluhdorn. By 1976, a new, television-trained team was in place headed by Barry Diller
Barry Diller
and his "Killer-Dillers", as they were called by admirers or "Dillettes" as they were called by detractors. These associates, made up of Michael Eisner , Jeffrey Katzenberg , Dawn Steel and Don Simpson would each go on and head up major movie studios of their own later in their careers. Paramount's print logo with the Viacom
Viacom
byline. This logo has been used since 1968, with minor variations, all of which reflected corporate changes. The new byline was introduced in 2010.

The Paramount specialty was now simpler. " High concept " pictures such as Saturday Night Fever and Grease hit big, hit hard and hit fast all over the world, and Diller's television background led him to propose one of his longest-standing ideas to the board: Paramount Television Service , a fourth commercial network . Paramount Pictures purchased the Hughes Television Network (HTN) including its satellite time in planning for PTVS in 1976. Paramount sold HTN to Madison Square Garden in 1979. But Diller believed strongly in the concept, and so took his fourth-network idea with him when he moved to 20th Century Fox in 1984, where Fox's then freshly installed proprietor, Rupert Murdoch
Rupert Murdoch
was a more interested listener.

However, the television division would be playing catch-up for over a decade after Diller's departure in 1984 before launching its own television network – UPN – in 1995. Lasting eleven years before being merged with The WB network to become The CW
The CW
in 2006, UPN would feature many of the shows it originally produced for other networks, and would take numerous gambles on series such as Star Trek: Voyager and Star Trek: Enterprise that would have otherwise either gone direct-to-cable or become first-run syndication to independent stations across the country (as Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: The Next Generation were).

Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
was not connected to either Paramount Records (1910s-1935) or ABC- Paramount Records (1955–66) until it purchased the rights to use the name (but not the latter's catalog) in the late 1960s. The Paramount name was used for soundtrack albums and some pop re-issues from the Dot Records
Dot Records
catalog which Paramount had acquired in 1957. By 1970, Dot had become an all-country label and in 1974, Paramount sold all of its record holdings to ABC Records , which in turn was sold to MCA (now Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
) in 1979.

1980–94: CONTINUAL SUCCESS

Paramount's successful run of pictures extended into the 1980s and 1990s, generating hits like Airplane!
Airplane!
, American Gigolo , Ordinary People , An Officer and a Gentleman , Flashdance , Terms of Endearment , Footloose , Pretty in Pink , Top Gun
Top Gun
, Crocodile Dundee , Fatal Attraction , Ghost , the Friday the 13th slasher series, as well as teaming up with Lucasfilm to create the Indiana Jones
Indiana Jones
franchise . Other examples are the Star Trek
Star Trek
film series and a string of films starring comedian Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
like Trading Places , Coming to America and Beverly Hills Cop
Beverly Hills Cop
and its sequels. While the emphasis was decidedly on the commercial, there were occasional less commercial but more artistic and intellectual efforts like I\'m Dancing as Fast as I Can , Atlantic City , Reds , Witness , Children of a Lesser God
Children of a Lesser God
and The Accused . During this period, responsibility for running the studio passed from Eisner and Katzenberg to Frank Mancuso, Sr. (1984) and Ned Tanen (1984) to Stanley R. Jaffe (1991) and Sherry Lansing (1992). More so than most, Paramount's slate of films included many remakes and television spinoffs; while sometimes commercially successful, there have been few compelling films of the kind that once made Paramount the industry leader.

On August 25, 1983, Paramount Studios caught fire. Two or three sound stages and four outdoor sets were destroyed.

When Charles Bluhdorn died unexpectedly, his successor Martin Davis dumped all of G+W's industrial, mining, and sugar-growing subsidiaries and refocused the company, renaming it Paramount Communications in 1989. With the influx of cash from the sale of G+W's industrial properties in the mid-1980s, Paramount bought a string of television stations and KECO Entertainment 's theme park operations, renaming them Paramount Parks . These parks included Paramount\'s Great America , Paramount Canada\'s Wonderland , Paramount\'s Carowinds
Carowinds
, Paramount\'s Kings Dominion
Kings Dominion
, and Paramount\'s Kings Island .

In 1993, Sumner Redstone 's entertainment conglomerate Viacom
Viacom
made a bid for a merger with Paramount Communications; this quickly escalated into a bidding war with Barry Diller
Barry Diller
's QVC . But Viacom
Viacom
prevailed, ultimately paying $10 billion for the Paramount holdings. Viacom
Viacom
and Paramount had planned to merge as early as 1989.

Paramount is the last major film studio located in Hollywood
Hollywood
proper. When Paramount moved to its present home in 1927, it was in the heart of the film community. Since then, former next-door neighbor RKO closed up shop in 1957 (Paramount ultimately absorbed their former lot); Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
(whose old Sunset Boulevard studio was sold to Paramount in 1949 as a home for KTLA ) moved to Burbank in 1930; Columbia joined Warners in Burbank in 1973 then moved again to Culver City in 1989; and the Pickford-Fairbanks-Goldwyn-United Artists lot, after a lively history, has been turned into a post-production and music-scoring facility for Warners, known simply as "The Lot". For a time the semi-industrial neighborhood around Paramount was in decline, but has now come back. The recently refurbished studio has come to symbolize Hollywood
Hollywood
for many visitors, and its studio tour is a popular attraction.

1994–2005: DOLGEN/LANSING AND "OLD" VIACOM ERA

Main article: Viacom
Viacom
(original)

During this time period, Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
went under the guidance of Jonathan Dolgen, chairman and Sherry Lansing
Sherry Lansing
, president. During their administration over Paramount, the studio had an extremely successful period of films with two of Paramount's ten highest-grossing films being produced during this period. The most successful of these films, Titanic , a joint partnership with 20th Century Fox , and Lightstorm Entertainment became the highest-grossing film up to that time, grossing over $1.8 billion worldwide. Also during this time, three Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
films won the Academy Award for Best Picture; Titanic, Braveheart, and Forrest Gump.

Paramount's most important property, however, was Star Trek. Studio executives had begun to call it "the franchise" in the 1980s due to its reliable revenue, and other studios envied its "untouchable and unduplicatable" success. By 1998 Star Trek
Star Trek
TV shows, movies, books, videotapes, and licensing provided so much of the studio's profit that "it is not possible to spend any reasonable amount of time at Paramount and not be aware of presence"; filming for Star Trek: Voyager and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine required up to nine of the largest of the studio's 36 sound stages . :49–50,54

In 1995, Viacom
Viacom
and Chris-Craft Industries ' United Television launched United Paramount Network (UPN) with Star Trek: Voyager as its flagship series, fulfilling Barry Diller's plan for a Paramount network from 25 years earlier. In 1999, Viacom
Viacom
bought out United Television's interests, and handed responsibility for the start-up network to the newly acquired CBS
CBS
unit, which Viacom
Viacom
bought in 1999 – an ironic confluence of events as Paramount had once invested in CBS, and Viacom
Viacom
had once been the syndication arm of CBS
CBS
as well. During this period the studio acquired some 30 TV stations to support the UPN network as well acquiring and merging in the assets of Republic Pictures, Spelling Television
Spelling Television
and Viacom
Viacom
Television, almost doubling the size of the studio's TV library. The TV division produced the dominant prime time show for the decade in Frasier as well as such long running hits as NCIS and Becker and the dominant prime time magazine show Entertainment Tonight. Paramount also gained the ownership rights to the Rysher library, after Viacom
Viacom
acquired the rights from Cox Enterprises
Cox Enterprises
.

During this period, Paramount and its related subsidiaries and affiliates, operating under the name " Viacom
Viacom
Entertainment Group" also included the fourth largest group of theme parks in the United States and Canada which in addition to traditional rides and attractions launched numerous successful location-based entertainment units including a long running "Star Trek" attraction at the Las Vegas Hilton. Famous Music – the company's celebrated music publishing arm almost doubled in size and developed artists including Pink, Bush, Green Day as well as catalog favorites including Duke Ellington and Henry Mancini. The Paramount/ Viacom
Viacom
licensing group under the leadership of Tom McGrath created the "Cheers" franchise bars and restaurants and a chain of restaurants borrowing from the studio's Academy Award-winning film "Forrest Gump" – The Bubba Gump Shrimp Company. Through the combined efforts of Famous Music and the studio over ten "Broadway" musicals were created including Irving Berlin's White Christmas, Footloose, Saturday Night Fever, Andrew Lloyd Weber's Sunset Boulevard among others. The Company's international arm, United International Pictures (UIP), was the dominant distributor internationally for ten straight years representing Paramount, Universal and MGM. Simon and Schuster became part of the Viacom Entertainment Group emerging as the US' dominant trade book publisher.

In 2002, Paramount, Buena Vista Distribution , 20th Century Fox , Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
, Universal Studios
Universal Studios
, and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
formed the Digital Cinema Initiatives . Operating under a waiver form the anti-trust law, the studios combined under the leadership of Paramount Chief Operating Officer Tom McGrath to develop technical standards for the eventual introduction of digital film projection – replacing the now 100-year-old film technology. DCI was created "to establish and document voluntary specifications for an open architecture for digital cinema that ensures a uniform and high level of technical performance, reliability and quality control." McGrath also headed up Paramount's initiative for the creation and launch of the Blu-ray DVD.

2005–2006: DISSOLUTION OF THE VIACOM ENTERTAINMENT GROUP AND PARAMOUNT

Main article: Viacom
Viacom

In 2005, Viacom
Viacom
announced the spinoff of CBS
CBS
into a separate public entity. As part of this spinoff, the Entertainment Group that was led by Dolgen, Lansing and McGrath, was dissolved and Paramount broken up into its separate assets. Famous Music, part of the company since its founding by Jesse Lasky, was sold to Sony Music. The UPN network and its TV stations were transferred to CBS. Paramount itself was broken into two parts and the television production and assets were stripped and made part of CBS. The theme parks group was sold to Cedar Fair in 2006 and renamed the parks by taking out the "Paramount's" prefix. Simon and Schuster also became part of CBS. The company's three chains of movie theaters were divested – Famous Players
Famous Players
Theaters, the dominant theater circuit in Canada was sold to its competitor Cineplex Odeon . UCI which dominated the international theater markets consisting of 1,300+ screens in 11 countries was sold to buyout firm Terra Firma. Mann Theaters was slowly divested screen by screen with the world-famous "Graumann's Chinese Theater" being sold to a consortium led by Eli Samaha.

The resulting company, approximately 20% of its former size coalesced in 2006 under the leadership of its new CEO, Brad Grey who held the same title as Sherry Lansing
Sherry Lansing
despite the much smaller size of the business under his leadership.

2006–PRESENT: PARAMOUNT TODAY

CBS
CBS
Corporation/ Viacom
Viacom
Split

Main article: CBS
CBS
Corporation Paramount Pictures' studio lot in Hollywood
Hollywood
(Melrose Gate entrance)

Reflecting in part the troubles of the broadcasting business, in 2006 Viacom
Viacom
wrote off over $18 billion from its radio acquisitions and, early that year, announced that it would split itself in two. The split was completed in January 2006.

With the announcement of the split of Viacom, Dolgen and Lansing were replaced by former television executives Brad Grey and Gail Berman. The Viacom
Viacom
Inc. board split the company into CBS
CBS
Corporation and a separate company under the Viacom
Viacom
name. The board scheduled the division for the first quarter of 2006. Under the plan, CBS
CBS
Corp. would comprise CBS
CBS
and UPN networks, Viacom
Viacom
Television Stations Group, Infinity Broadcasting, Viacom
Viacom
Outdoor, Paramount Television, KingWorld, Showtime, Simon and Schuster, Paramount Parks, and CBS News. The revamped Viacom
Viacom
would include " MTV
MTV
, VH1
VH1
, Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
, BET and several other cable networks as well as the Paramount movie studio". Paramount's home entertainment unit continues to distribute the Paramount TV library through CBS
CBS
DVD , as both Viacom
Viacom
and CBS Corporation are controlled by Sumner Redstone 's National Amusements
National Amusements
.

In 2009, CBS
CBS
stopped using the Paramount name in its series and changed the name of the production arm to CBS
CBS
Television Studios , eliminating the Paramount name from television, to distance itself from the latter.

DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Purchased

On December 11, 2005, the Paramount Motion Pictures Group announced that it had purchased DreamWorks
DreamWorks
SKG (which was co-founded by former Paramount executive Jeffrey Katzenberg ) in a deal worth $1.6 billion. The announcement was made by Brad Grey , chairman and CEO of Paramount Pictures who noted that enhancing Paramount's pipeline of pictures is a "key strategic objective in restoring Paramount's stature as a leader in filmed entertainment." The agreement does not include DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation SKG Inc., the most profitable part of the company that went public the previous year.

On October 6, 2008, DreamWorks
DreamWorks
executives announced that they were leaving Paramount and relaunching an independent DreamWorks. The DreamWorks
DreamWorks
trademarks remained with DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation when that company was spun off before the Paramount purchase, and DreamWorks Animation transferred the license to the name to the new company.

History Since 2006

Grey also broke up the famous UIP international distribution company, the most successful international film distributor in history, after a 25-year partnership with Universal Studios
Universal Studios
and has started up a new international group. As a consequence Paramount fell from No.1 in the international markets to the lowest ranked major studio in 2006 but recovered in 2007.

DreamWorks
DreamWorks
films, acquired by Paramount but still distributed internationally by Universal, are included in Paramount's market share. Grey also launched a Digital Entertainment division to take advantage of emerging digital distribution technologies. This led to Paramount becoming the second movie studio to sign a deal with Apple Inc. to sell its films through the iTunes Store .

Also, in 2007, Paramount sold another one of its "heritage" units, Famous Music , to Sony/ATV Music Publishing
Sony/ATV Music Publishing
(best known for publishing many songs by The Beatles , and for being co-owned by Michael Jackson ), ending a nearly-eight-decade run as a division of Paramount, being the studio's music publishing arm since the period when the entire company went by the name "Famous Players."

In early 2008, Paramount partnered with Los Angeles-based developer FanRocket to make short scenes taken from its film library available to users on Facebook. The application, called VooZoo, allows users to send movie clips to other Facebook users and to post clips on their profile pages. Paramount engineered a similar deal with Makena Technologies to allow users of v MTV
MTV
and There.com to view and send movie clips.

In March 2010, Paramount founded Insurge Pictures , an independent distributor of "micro budget" films. The distributor planned ten movies with budgets of $100,000 each. The first release was The Devil Inside , a movie with a budget of about US$1 million. In March 2015, following waning box office returns, Paramount shuttered Insurge Pictures and moved its operations to the main studio.

In July 2011, in the wake of critical and box office success of the animated feature, Rango , and the departure of DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation upon completion of their distribution contract in 2012, Paramount announced the formation of a new division, devoted to the creation of animated productions. It marks Paramount's return to having its own animated division for the first time since 1967, when Paramount Cartoon Studios shut down (it was formerly Famous Studios
Famous Studios
until 1956).

In December 2013, Walt Disney Studios (via its parent company 's purchase of Lucasfilm, Ltd. a year earlier ) purchased Paramount's remaining distribution and marketing rights to future Indiana Jones films, while Paramount will permanently retain the distribution rights to the first four films, and will receive "financial participation" from any additional films.

In February 2016, Viacom
Viacom
CEO and newly appointed chairman Philippe Dauman announced that the conglomerate is in talks to find an investor to purchase a minority stake in Paramount. Sumner Redstone and his daughter Shari are reportedly opposed with the deal. On July 13, 2016, Wanda Group was in talks to acquire a 49% stake of Paramount. The talks with Wanda were dropped. On January 19, 2017, Shanghai Film Group Corp. and Huahua Media said they would finance at least 25% of all Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
movies over a three-year period. Shanghai Film Group and Huahua Media, in the deal, would help distribute and market Paramount's features in China. At the time, the Wall Street Journal wrote that "nearly every major Hollywood
Hollywood
studio has a co-financing deal with a Chinese company."

On March 27, 2017, Jim Gianopulos
Jim Gianopulos
was named as a chairman and CEO of Paramount Pictures, replacing Brad Grey . Paramount Players was formed by Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
with the July 2017 hiring of Brian Robbins, founder of AwesomenessTV , Tollin/Robbins Productions and Varsity Pictures, as the division president. The division was formed to produce films based on the Viacom
Viacom
Media Networks properties including MTV
MTV
, Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
, BET
BET
and Comedy Central .

INVESTMENTS

DREAMWORKS PICTURES

In 2006, Paramount became the parent of DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Pictures. Soros Strategic Partners and Dune Entertainment II soon afterwards acquired controlling interest in live-action films released through DreamWorks, with the release of Just Like Heaven on September 16, 2005. The remaining live-action films released until March 2006 remained under direct Paramount control. However, Paramount still owns distribution and other ancillary rights to Soros and Dune films.

On February 8, 2010, Viacom
Viacom
repurchased Soros' controlling stake in DreamWorks' library of films released before 2005 for around $400 million. Even as DreamWorks
DreamWorks
switched distribution of live-action films not part of existing franchises to Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures and later Universal Studios
Universal Studios
, Paramount continues to own the films released before the merger, and the films that Paramount themselves distributed, including sequel rights such as that of Little Fockers (2011), distributed by Paramount and DreamWorks. It was a sequel to two existing DreamWorks
DreamWorks
films, Meet the Parents (2000) and Meet the Fockers (2004). Paramount only owned the international distribution rights to Little Fockers, whereas Universal Studios handled domestic distribution ).

Paramount owned distribution rights to the DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation library of films made before 2013, and their previous distribution deal with future DWA titles expired at the end of 2012, with Rise of the Guardians . 20th Century Fox took over distribution on post-2012 titles beginning with The Croods
The Croods
(2013) and will end with Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie (2017) with Universal Pictures taking over the distribution deal with DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation due to NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
's acquisition of DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation in 2016, starting in 2019 with the release of How To Train Your Dragon 3, though Paramount's rights to pre-2013 DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation films would've expired 16 years after each film's initial theatrical release date. However, in July 2014, DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation purchased Paramount's distribution rights to the pre-2013 library, with DreamWorks Animation's current distributor 20th Century Fox starting to distribute the library.

Another asset of the former DreamWorks
DreamWorks
owned by Paramount, is the pre-2008 DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Television library, distributed through Paramount Worldwide Television Licensing & Distribution, the library includes Spin City
Spin City
, High Incident , Freaks and Greeks , Undeclared and On the Lot , the DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Television library was distributed by the old Paramount Television years before.

CBS
CBS
LIBRARY

Independent company Hollywood
Hollywood
Classics now represents Paramount with the theatrical distribution of all the films produced by the various motion picture divisions of CBS
CBS
over the years, as a result of the Viacom/ CBS
CBS
merger.

Paramount (via CBS
CBS
Home Entertainment ) has outright video distribution to the aforementioned CBS
CBS
library with few exceptions-for example, the original Twilight Zone DVDs are handled by Image Entertainment . Until 2009, the video rights to My Fair Lady were with original theatrical distributor Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
, under license from CBS (the video license to that film has now reverted to CBS
CBS
Home Entertainment under Paramount).

The CBS-produced/owned films, unlike other films in Paramount's library, are still distributed by CBS
CBS
Television Distribution on TV, and not by Trifecta Entertainment & Media, because CBS
CBS
(or a subdivision) is the copyright holder for these films.

UNITS

SUBSIDIARIES

* Paramount Licensing, Inc.

* Paramount Home Media Distribution
Paramount Home Media Distribution

* Paramount Famous Productions , direct-to-video

DIVISIONS

* Paramount Digital Entertainment * Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
International

* Paramount Studio Group – physical studio and post production

* The Studios at Paramount – production facilities & lot * Paramount on Location – production support facilities throughout North America including New York, Vancouver, and Atlanta * Worldwide Technical Operations – archives, restoration and preservation programs, the mastering and distribution fulfillment services, on-lot post production facilities management

* Paramount Television (revived in March 2013. Original Paramount Television now CBS
CBS
Television Studios ) * Worldwide Television Distribution * Paramount Parks DW Funding, LLC) sold to Soros Strategic Partners and Dune Entertainment II and purchased back in 2010

* Paramount Theatres Limited - Founded 1930 in the United Kingdom with the opening of a cinema in Manchester
Manchester
. Several Paramount Theatres had opened or had been acquired in the United Kingdom during the 1930s before being sold to the Rank Organisation\'s , Odeon Cinemas chain in 1939. * Epix – 49,76% owner (with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Lionsgate ) from 2009 until 2017, when Paramount/ Viacom
Viacom
and Lionsgate sold their stake to MGM

OTHER INTERESTS

In March 2012, Paramount licensed their name and logo to a luxury hotel investment group which subsequently named the company Paramount Hotels and Resorts. The investors plan to build 50 hotels throughout the world based on the themes of Hollywood
Hollywood
and the California lifestyle. Among the features are private screening rooms and the Paramount library available in the hotel rooms. On April 2013, Paramount Hotels and Dubai-based DAMAC Properties
DAMAC Properties
announced the building of the first resort: "DAMAC Towers by Paramount."

LOGO

Artist Dario Campanile poses with a picture Paramount commissioned him to paint for its 75th anniversary in 1987. The company later used the painting as a basis for its new logo. That logo was introduced as a prototype in the 1986 film The Golden Child ; the 1987 film Critical Condition was the first to feature the finalized version of the logo. 1999's South Park: Bigger, Longer "> For its 90th anniversary, Paramount adopted the logo shown here. In 2012, it was used in tandem with the current one. This picture shows the 2010 modification of the logo, which includes Viacom
Viacom
's new byline introduced in 2006. The first movie to use the new Viacom
Viacom
byline was Iron Man 2 .

The distinctively pyramidal Paramount mountain has been the company's logo since its inception and is the oldest surviving Hollywood
Hollywood
film logo. In the sound era, the logo was accompanied by a fanfare called Paramount on Parade after the film of the same name, released in 1930. The words to the fanfare, originally sung in the 1930 film, were "Proud of the crowd that will never be loud, it's Paramount on Parade."

Legend has it that the mountain is based on a doodle made by W. W. Hodkinson during a meeting with Adolph Zukor . It is said to be based on the memories of his childhood in Utah
Utah
. Some claim that Utah's Ben Lomond is the mountain Hodkinson doodled, and that Peru's Artesonraju
Artesonraju
is the mountain in the live-action logo, while others claim that the Italian side of Monviso inspired the logo. Some editions of the logo bear a striking resemblance to the Pfeifferhorn , another Wasatch Range peak.

The motion picture logo has gone through many changes over the years:

* The logo began as a somewhat indistinct charcoal rendering of the mountain ringed with superimposed stars. The logo originally had twenty-four stars, as a tribute to the then current system of contracts for actors, since Paramount had twenty-four stars signed at the time. * In 1951, the logo was redesigned as a matte painting created by Jan Domela . * A newer, more realistic-looking logo debuted in 1953 for Paramount films made in 3D. It was reworked in early-to-mid 1954 for Paramount films made in widescreen process VistaVision
VistaVision
. The text VistaVision – Motion Picture High Fidelity was often imposed over the Paramount logo briefly before dissolving into the title sequence . In early 1968, the text "A Paramount Picture/Release" was shortened to "Paramount", and the byline A Gulf+Western Company appeared on the bottom. The logo was given yet another modification in 1974, with the number of stars being reduced to 22, and the Paramount text and Gulf+Western byline appearing in different fonts. * In September 1975, the logo was simplified in a shade of blue, adopting the modified design of the 1968 print logo, which was in use for many decades afterward. * The studio launched an entirely new logo in December 1986 with computer-generated imagery of a lake and stars. This version of the Paramount logo was designed by Dario Campanile and animated by Apogee, Inc; for this logo, the stars would move across the screen into the arc shape instead of it being superimposed over the mountain as it was before. An redone version of this logo debuted with South Park: Bigger, Longer border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Film
Film
in the United States
United States
portal * Companies portal * Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
portal

* DreamWorks
DreamWorks
* List of Paramount executives * List of television series produced by Paramount Television

NOTES

* ^ North America distribution only. Released by 20th Century Fox internationally. * ^ In July 2014, the film's distribution rights were purchased by DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation from Paramount and transferred to 20th Century Fox . * ^ In July 2013, the film's distribution rights were transferred from Paramount to the Walt Disney Studios .

REFERENCES

* ^ A B VIACOM REPORTS FOURTH QUARTER AND FULL YEAR FINANCIAL RESULTS, p. 3. * ^ A B Richard Abel (1994). The Ciné Goes to Town: French Cinema, 1896–1914. University of California
California
Press. p. 10. ISBN 0-520-07936-1 . * ^ http://ocgirl.net/wp-content/uploads/image/paramount/paramount-2.jpg * ^ Fingas, Jon (January 19, 2014). "Paramount now releases movies only in digital form". * ^ " Motion Picture Association of America
Motion Picture Association of America
– About Us". MPAA. Retrieved May 27, 2012. * ^ The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires - Tim Wu - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-17. * ^ "1926: THE NEW STUDIO Paramount Pictures". Paramount.com. Retrieved October 28, 2011. * ^ Gray, Christopher (March 11, 2007). "The Kings Is Dead! Long Live the Kings!". Real Estate / Streetscapes. The New York Times. New York, NY. Retrieved Dec 9, 2013. * ^ Eames, John Douglas (1985). The Paramount story (. ed.). New York: Crown. p. 37. ISBN 0-517-55348-1 . * ^ "Filmsite.org". Filmsite.org. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ "Filmsite.org". Filmsite.org. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ "Mae-West.org". Mae-West.org. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ "Forums.GoldenAgeCartoons.com". Forums.GoldenAgeCartoons.com. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ Maltin, Leonard (1987) . Of Mice and Magic. New York: Plume. p. 311. * ^ Eames, John Douglas (1985). The Paramount Story. New York, New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. p. 115. ISBN 0-517-55348-1 . * ^ "ACTUAL ARTICLE TITLE BELONGS HERE!". Cobbles.com. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ Nelmes, Jill (2003). An Introduction to Film
Film
Studies (3 ed.). Routledge. p. 16. ISBN 0-415-26268-2 . * ^ Hess, Gary Newton (1979). An Historical Study of the DuMont Television Network. New York: Arno Press. p. 91. ISBN 0-405-11758-2 . * ^ Schatz, Thomas (1999). Boom and Bust: American Cinema in the 1940s. University of California
California
Press. p. 433. ISBN 0-520-22130-3 . * ^ A B Browne, Nick (1994). American Television: New Directions in History and Theory. Routledge. p. 32. ISBN 3-7186-0563-5 . Retrieved April 9, 2010. * ^ Boddy, William (1992). Fifties Television: the Industry and Its Critics. University of Illinois Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-252-06299-X . * ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–present (9th ed.). New York: Ballantine. p. xiii. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4 . * ^ Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, pp. 79-83. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X . * ^ "Telemeter: Coin Operated TV". TVObscurities.com. Retrieved June 9, 2012. * ^ "Filmsite.org". Filmsite.org. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ McDougal, Dennis (2001). The Last Mogul: Lew Wasserman, MCA, and the Hidden History of Hollywood
Hollywood
(pp. 231-232). Da Capo Press . * ^ " Dot Records
Dot Records
Story, Part 3". BSNpubs.com. November 10, 1999. Retrieved February 14, 2016. * ^ Evans, Robert (2006). The kid stays in the picture (1st New Millennium printing. ed.). Beverly Hills, Calif.: Phoenix Books. pp. xii. ISBN 1-59777-525-8 . * ^ Dick, Bernard F. (2001). Engulfed : the death of Paramount Pictures and the birth of corporate Hollywood. Lexington, Ky.: Univ. Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2202-3 . * ^ " Film
Film
History of the 1980s". Filmsite.org. 1986-09-08. Retrieved 2015-08-08. * ^ "Cohen Buys Hughes TV Network for 3rd Time". Associated Press. June 9, 2003. Retrieved May 30, 2012. * ^ "Paramount Album Discography". BSNpubs.com. April 16, 2000. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ ISBN 1471611868 * ^ ISBN 1471632903 * ^ John Antczak (August 26, 1983). "Fire destroys sets, stages at Paramount". Times-News . Hendersonville, North Carolina. Associated Press . p. 18. Retrieved August 17, 2012. * ^ "Fire destroys Paramount sound stages". Lodi News-Sentinel . Lodi, California. United Press International . August 26, 1983. p. 8. Retrieved August 17, 2012. * ^ "Park History Kings Island, Mason OH". Visitkingsisland.com. Retrieved 2015-08-08. * ^ Delugach, Al (May 6, 1989). "Viacom, Gulf & Western Discuss Merger". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved May 30, 2012. * ^ Citron, Alan (1994-03-18). " Viacom
Viacom
to Name Jonathan Dolgen New Paramount Studio Head : Hollywood: The Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
executive will oversee movie and TV operations in a deal that is expected to be announced today. - latimes". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2015-08-08. * ^ "The Sherry Lansing
Sherry Lansing
Foundation". The Sherry Lansing
Sherry Lansing
Foundation. Retrieved 2015-08-08. * ^ "ACTUAL ARTICLE TITLE BELONGS HERE!". BoxOfficeMojo.com. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ "ACTUAL ARTICLE TITLE BELONGS HERE!". BoxOfficeMojo.com. March 15, 1998. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ Meehan, Eileen R. (2005). Why TV is not our fault: television programming, viewers, and who\'s really in control. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 93. ISBN 0-7425-2486-8 . * ^ Poe, Stephen Edward (1998). A Vision of the Future. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-671-53481-5 . * ^ Hoynes, David Croteau, William (2006). "3". The business of media : corporate media and the public interest (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge. p. 85. ISBN 1-4129-1315-2 . * ^ A B " Digital Cinema Initiatives (DCI) November 20, 2008 ERRATA TO DCI DIGITAL CINEMA SYSTEM SPECIFICATION, VERSION 1.2". Dcimovies.com. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ Higgins, John M (February 27, 2005). "Viacom\'s Big Bath". Broadcasting&Cable. Retrieved April 13, 2013. * ^ " CBS
CBS
Viacom
Viacom
Formally Split". CBS
CBS
News. February 11, 2009. Retrieved April 13, 2013. * ^ Eller, Claudia (November 2, 2004). " Hollywood
Hollywood
Pioneer Lansing Is Poised to Exit Paramount". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved April 17, 2013. * ^ Hofmeister, Sallie; Eller, Claudia (June 3, 2004). "Another Exec Quits Viacom
Viacom
in Shake-Up". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved April 17, 2013. * ^ " Viacom
Viacom
Makes Split Official". CBS
CBS
News. February 11, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2013. * ^ Griffin, Greg (February 6, 2007). "Redstones settle feud over family business". The Denver Post
The Denver Post
. * ^ "Paramount-Dreamworks deal finalised". ABC News. February 3, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2013. * ^ " Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Buys Dreamworks". foxnews.com/ Associated Press. December 12, 2005. Retrieved April 14, 2013. * ^ Cieply, Michael (October 6, 2008). " DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Executives Sever Ties With Paramount to Form a New Company". The New York Times. * ^ Garrett, edited by Charles Hiroshi. The Grove Dictionary of American Music (Second ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-531428-1 . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ Nakashima, Ryan (March 11, 2008). "Facebook app lets users send movie clips". USA Today. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ Lang, Derrik J. (April 3, 2008). "Paramount to open virtual movie vault". USA Today. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ A B " Hollywood
Hollywood
Studio to Back Micro-Budget Movies". Indiewire.com. Retrieved October 28, 2011. * ^ Daniel S Levine. "\'The Devil Inside\' makes its budget back in midnight screenings, making $2 million". TheCelebrityCafe.com. Retrieved 2015-08-08. * ^ A B Semigran, Aly (July 6, 2011). "Riding high off the success of \'Rango,\' Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
to launch in-house animation division". Entertainment Weekly. * ^ "The Lost Popeye Titles". Cartoonresearch.com. 1941-05-24. Retrieved 2015-08-08. * ^ Schou, Solvej (December 21, 2012). "Mickey meets \'Star Wars\': Walt Disney Co. completes acquisition of Lucasfilm". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 22, 2012. * ^ Kroll, Justin (December 6, 2013). "Disney Acquires Rights to Future \'Indiana Jones\' Movies". Variety. Retrieved December 6, 2013.

* ^ Faughnder, Ryan (December 6, 2013). "Disney acquires control of future \'Indiana Jones\' movies". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved December 7, 2013. * ^ Ford, Rebecca (December 6, 2013). "Disney Takes Control of \'Indiana Jones\' Franchise for Future Films". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved December 7, 2013. * ^ Times, Los Angeles. " Viacom
Viacom
exploring sale of minority stake in Paramount Pictures". * ^ Lieberman, David (June 6, 2016). " National Amusements
National Amusements
Pushes Change To Viacom
Viacom
Bylaws To Block Paramount Deal". * ^ "China\'s Wanda Group is in talks to buy a 49% stake in Paramount Pictures". July 13, 2016 – via LA Times. * ^ Schwartzel, Erin (January 19, 2017), Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Gets a $1 Billion Infusion from China, New York: The Wall Street Journal, retrieved January 22, 2017 * ^ " Jim Gianopulos
Jim Gianopulos
to Run Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
for Viacom". The Hollywood
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Reporter. Retrieved 2017-03-27. * ^ McNary, Dave (June 7, 2017). " Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Launches New Production Division Headed by Brian Robbins". Variety. Retrieved June 30, 2017. * ^ Fixmer, Andy (February 11, 2010). " Viacom
Viacom
Acquires Soros Stake in Films for $400 Million (Update3)". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved February 7, 2013. * ^ "Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 28, 2011.

* ^ "Dreamworks Animation to Fox for new 5-Year Distribution Deal". Deadline. August 20, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2012. * ^ http://www.dreamworksanimation.com/2013ar/Dreamworks_2013_Annual_Report.pdf * ^ Cheney, Alexandra (2014-07-29). " DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation Q2 Earnings Fall Short of Estimates, SEC Investigation Revealed". Variety. Retrieved 2015-08-08. * ^ "Divisions". paramount.com. Retrieved July 17, 2012. * ^ "Brad Grey". Inside the Studio >At the Studio >Executives >Executives. Paramount Picture Corporation. Retrieved February 7, 2013. * ^ Fixmer, Andy (February 11, 2010). " Viacom
Viacom
Acquires Soros Stake in Films for $400 Million (Update3)". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved February 7, 2013. * ^ Fattah, Zainab (May 14, 2012). "Paramount Hotels & Resorts Plans 50 Hollywood-Themed Properties". Bloomberg. * ^ "Paramount\'s first resort under development in Dubai - CNN Travel". CNN. * ^ " Artesonraju
Artesonraju
– Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering". SummitPost. Retrieved January 7, 2010. * ^ "Wasatch Alpine Classic". Summit Post. Retrieved October 20, 2010. * ^ "Paramount Unveils New Logo As Part Of 100th Anniversary Celebration". Deadline. 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2015-06-17. * ^ " Hollywood
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Reporter – Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Release 100th Anniversary Logo". The Hollywood
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Reporter. December 14, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012. * ^ "Press Release – Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Unveils New Logo in Celebration of the Studio\'s 100th Anniversary". Paramount.com. Retrieved March 31, 2012. * ^ "Devastudios – Paramount Pictures". Devastudios.com. Retrieved March 31, 2012. * ^ " Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
Studio Tour - Hollywood
Hollywood
- Movie Studio Tours". Paramountstudiotour.com. Retrieved 2015-06-17. * ^ "Box Office by Studio – Paramount All Time". Box Office Mojo . Retrieved July 8, 2016. * ^ Chney, Alexandra (July 29, 2014). " DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Animation Q2 Earnings Fall Short of Estimates, SEC Investigation Revealed". Variety. Retrieved July 30, 2014. * ^ Tadena, Nathalie. "Disney Acquires Distribution Rights to Four Marvel Films From Paramount". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 2, 2013. * ^ Finke, Nikki (July 2, 2013). "Disney Completes Purchase of Marvel Home Entertainment Distribution Rights". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 2, 2013. * ^ Palmeri, Christopher (July 2, 2013). "Disney Buys Rights to Four Marvel Movies From Viacom\'s Paramount". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 2, 2013.

FURTHER READING

* Berg, A. Scott . Goldwyn. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1989. * DeMille, Cecil B. Autobiography. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1959. * Dick, Bernard F. Engulfed: the death of Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
and the birth of corporate Hollywood. Lexington, Kentucky: University of Press Kentucky Scholarly, 2001. * Eames, John Douglas, with additional text by Robert Abele. The Paramount Story: The Complete History of the Studio and Its Films. New York: Simon ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Film
Film
studios in the United States
United States
and Canada

MAJORS

* 20th Century Fox * Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
* Paramount Pictures * Universal Pictures * Walt Disney Studios * Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.

MINI-MAJORS

* Amblin Partners
Amblin Partners
* CBS
CBS
Films * Lionsgate * Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer * Open Road Films * STX Entertainment * The Weinstein Company

Independent studios

* 3D Entertainment * A24 * Alcon Entertainment * Anchor Bay Films * Broad Green Pictures * Drafthouse Films * Entertainment One Films * Freestyle Releasing * Hasbro Studios * Icon Productions
Icon Productions
* Image Entertainment * Imagine Entertainment * IMAX Pictures * Lakeshore Entertainment * Magnolia Pictures
Magnolia Pictures
* Mandalay Pictures * MarVista Entertainment * Miramax
Miramax
* Montecito Picture Company * Morgan Creek Productions * Picturehouse * Regency Enterprises * Relativity Media * Revolution Studios * RKO Pictures * Roadside Attractions * Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Films * Troma Entertainment * Vertical Entertainment
Vertical Entertainment
* Village Roadshow Pictures
Village Roadshow Pictures
* Walden Media * WWE Studios
WWE Studios

Independent financers

* Annapurna Pictures * Cross Creek Pictures
Cross Creek Pictures
* Legendary Entertainment * LStar Capital * New Regency Productions * Participant Media
Participant Media
* RatPac Entertainment * Red Granite Pictures * Skydance Media * TSG Entertainment * Worldview Entertainment

Producer-owned independents

* 1492 Pictures * American Zoetrope
American Zoetrope
* Bad Hat Harry Productions * Bad Robot Productions
Bad Robot Productions
* Blinding Edge Pictures * Bryanston Pictures * Di Bonaventura Pictures * Fuzzy Door Productions * Good Universe * Happy Madison Productions * ImageMovers * Jim Henson Pictures * Lightstorm Entertainment * Kennedy/Marshall Company * Platinum Dunes * Silver Pictures

Portal: Film
Film

* v * t * e

Viacom
Viacom

CORPORATE DIRECTORS

* Bob Bakish (CEO) * Ellen V. Futter * Alan C. Greenberg * Charles Phillips * Sumner Redstone ( Chairman Emeritus) * Shari Redstone * William Schwartz

VIACOM MEDIA NETWORKS

BET
BET
NETWORKS

* BET
BET

* BET
BET
Gospel * BET
BET
Hip-Hop * BET
BET
Jams * BET
BET
Soul

* Centric

GLOBAL ENTERTAINMENT GROUP

* CMT

* CMT Music

* Comedy Central

* Comedy Central Extra

* Logo TV

* MTV
MTV

* MTV2

* MTVU
MTVU

* RateMyProfessors.com
RateMyProfessors.com

* MTV
MTV
Classic * MTV
MTV
Live * MTV
MTV
Tres

* Spike * TV Land
TV Land

* VH1
VH1

* VH1
VH1
Classic Europe

NICKELODEON GROUP

* Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon

* Nick at Nite * Nick Jr. * NickMusic * Nicktoons * Noggin * TeenNick

PARAMOUNT MOTION PICTURES GROUP

PARAMOUNT PICTURES CORPORATION

* Paramount Pictures * Paramount Vantage * Paramount Animation * Paramount Television * Insurge Pictures * Republic Pictures * United International Pictures (50% ownership)

MTV
MTV
BRANDED LABELS

* Comedy Central Films * MTV Films
MTV Films
* Nickelodeon Movies
Nickelodeon Movies

TELEVISION STATIONS

* KVMM-CD (part of Tres )

MUSIC

* Comedy Central Records * Nick Records

MISCELLANEOUS ASSETS

* Viacom
Viacom
International * Viacom
Viacom
18 (India) * Viacom
Viacom
Entertainment Store * Bellator MMA * MovieTickets.com * Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
Kids border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* CBS
CBS
Corporation * Gulf and Western Industries * National Amusements
National Amusements
* Viacom
Viacom
(original) * Viacom
Viacom
criticisms and controversies

* v * t * e

Fleischer Studios
Fleischer Studios

FOUNDERS

* Max Fleischer * Dave Fleischer

THEATRICAL SHORT FILM SERIES

* Out of the Inkwell (1918 – 1926) * Inkwell Imps (1927 – 1929) * Song Car-Tunes (1924 – 1926) * Screen Songs (1929 – 1938) * Talkartoons (1929 – 1932) * Betty Boop
Betty Boop
(1932 – 1941) * Popeye the Sailor (1933 – 1942, list of shorts ) * Color Classics (1934 – 1941) * Hunky and Spunky (1938 – 1941) * Animated Antics (1939 – 1941) * Stone Age (1940) * Gabby (1940 – 1941) * Superman (1941 – 1942)

ONE-SHOT THEATRICAL SHORT FILMS

* Darwin's Theory of Evolution (1923) * The Einstein Theory of Relativity (1923) * Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy (1941) * The Raven (1942)

THEATRICAL FEATURE FILMS

* Gulliver\'s Travels (1939) * Mr. Bug Goes to Town (1941)

SEE ALSO

* Bray Productions * Famous Studios
Famous Studios
* Paramount Pictures

* v * t * e

Famous Studios
Famous Studios

Theatrical short film series

* Popeye the Sailor (1942–1957, list of shorts ) * Superman (1942–1943) * Noveltoons (1943–1967) * Little Lulu
Little Lulu
(1943–1948) * Screen Songs (1947–1951) * Little Audrey (1948–1958) * Baby Huey (1950–1959) * Casper the Friendly Ghost
Casper the Friendly Ghost
(1950–1959) * Buzzy and Katnip (1950–1954) * Kartunes (1951–1953) * Herman and Katnip (1952–1959) * Tommy Tortoise and Moe Hare ‎(1953–1957) * Modern Madcaps (1958–1967) * Jeepers and Creepers (1960) * The Cat (1960–1961) * Swifty and Shorty (1964–1965) * Honey Halfwitch (1965–1967) * Merry Makers (1967) * GoGo Toons (1967) * Fractured Fables (1967)

TV SERIES

* The Harveytoons Show (1950-1962) * Popeye the Sailor (1960–1962) * The New Casper Cartoon Show (1963–1964) * King Features Trilogy (1963–1965)

* Bray Productions * Fleischer Studios
Fleischer Studios
* Paramount Pictures * Harvey Films

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 157227502 * LCCN : n79055404 * ISNI : 0000 0001 2193 1929 * GND