Palace of Charles V
Southern facade of the Palace of Charles V.
The plan of the palace is a 17-metre (56 ft) high, 63-metre (207 ft) square containing an inner circular patio. This has no precedent in Renaissance architecture, and places the building in the avant-garde of its time. The palace has two floors (not counting mezzanine floors). The classical orders are in pilaster form except around the central doorways. On the exterior, the lower floor is in the Tuscan order, with the pilasters "blocked" by continuing the heavy rustication across them, while the upper storey uses the Ionic order, with elaborately pedimented lower windows below round windows. Both main façades emphasize the portals, made of stone from the Sierra Elvira.
The circular patio has also two levels. The lower consists of a Doric colonnade of conglomerate stone, with an orthodox classical entablature formed of triglyphs and metopes. The upper floor is formed by a stylized Ionic colonnade whose entablature has no decoration. This organisation of the patio shows a deep knowledge of Roman architecture, and would be framed in pure Renaissance style but for its curved shape, which surprises the visitor entering from the main façades. The interior spaces and the staircases are also governed by the combination of square and circle. Similar aesthetic devices would be developed in the following decades under the classification of Mannerism. The palace was not completed, and remained roofless until the late twentieth century. References
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Photo Essay on the Palace of Charles V
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Spanish Royal sites
Royal sites of the Patrimonio Nacional
Madrid El Escorial El Pardo (Zarzuela) Aranjuez La Granja de San Ildefonso Riofrío Alcázar of Seville: Upper Apartments La Almudaina
Convent of Las Descalzas Reales Convent of La Encarnación Convent of Santa Clara Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas Valle de los Caídos
Casita del Príncipe (El Escorial) Casita del Príncipe (El Pardo) Casita del Infante Pantheon of Illustrious Men Convent of San Pascual Convent of Santa Isabel Colegio de Doncellas Nobles
Former Royal Palaces1
Alcázar of Segovia Alcázar of the Caliphs of Córdoba Alcázar of the Catholic Monarchs Alhambra Aljafería Buen Retiro Palace Castle Alcázar of Segorbe Castle of Bellver Castle of Burgos Del Real Palace Generalife Monastery of Yuste Palace of Charles V Palacio de la Magdalena Palacio de la Ribera Royal Palace of Estella Royal Palace of Olite Royal Palace of Perpignan Palau Reial de Pedralbes Palau Reial Major Palacio Real de Valladolid Royal Alcazar of Madrid Torre de la Parada Valldemossa Charterhouse
Former Sub-national seats
Edificio de las Casas reales
Palacio de los Capitanes Generales
1This section includes the royal palaces of the Medieval kingdoms Category
Coordinates: 37°10′37″N 3°35′22″W / 37.17694°N 3.58944°W / 37.176