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The Palace of Charles V
Palace of Charles V
is a Renaissance building in Granada, southern Spain, located on the top of the hill of the Assabica, inside the Nasrid fortification of the Alhambra. The building has never been a home to a monarch and stood roofless until 1957.[1][2] The structure was commanded by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, who wished to establish his residence close to the Alhambra
Alhambra
palaces. Although the Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
had already altered some rooms of the Alhambra
Alhambra
after the conquest of the city in 1492, Charles V intended to construct a permanent residence befitting an emperor. The project was given to Pedro Machuca, an architect whose biography and influences are poorly understood. At the time, Spanish architecture was immersed in the Plateresque
Plateresque
style, still with traces of Gothic origin. Machuca built a palace corresponding stylistically to Mannerism, a mode still in its infancy in Italy. The exterior of the building uses a typically Renaissance combination of rustication on the lower level and ashlar on the upper. Even if accounts that place Machuca in the atelier of Michelangelo
Michelangelo
are accepted, at the time of the construction of the palace in 1527, the latter had yet to design the majority of his architectural works.

Southern facade of the Palace of Charles V.

The plan of the palace is a 17-metre (56 ft) high, 63-metre (207 ft) square containing an inner circular patio. This has no precedent in Renaissance architecture, and places the building in the avant-garde of its time. The palace has two floors (not counting mezzanine floors). The classical orders are in pilaster form except around the central doorways. On the exterior, the lower floor is in the Tuscan order, with the pilasters "blocked" by continuing the heavy rustication across them, while the upper storey uses the Ionic order, with elaborately pedimented lower windows below round windows. Both main façades emphasize the portals, made of stone from the Sierra Elvira.

Patio
Patio
of the Palace of Charles V.

The circular patio has also two levels. The lower consists of a Doric colonnade of conglomerate stone, with an orthodox classical entablature formed of triglyphs and metopes. The upper floor is formed by a stylized Ionic colonnade whose entablature has no decoration. This organisation of the patio shows a deep knowledge of Roman architecture, and would be framed in pure Renaissance style but for its curved shape, which surprises the visitor entering from the main façades. The interior spaces and the staircases are also governed by the combination of square and circle. Similar aesthetic devices would be developed in the following decades under the classification of Mannerism. The palace was not completed, and remained roofless until the late twentieth century.[3] References[edit]

^ "The Alhambra
Alhambra
in Granada: Carlos V Palace". granadainfo.com. Retrieved 2018-02-22.  ^ SL, Alhambra
Alhambra
Valparaiso Ocio y Cultura. "La Alhambra
Alhambra
de Granada
Granada
- alhambra.org". La Alhambra
Alhambra
de Granada
Granada
(in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-02-22.  ^ Palace of Charles V, Alhambra.org

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palacio de Carlos V.

Photo Essay on the Palace of Charles V

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Spanish Royal sites

Royal sites of the Patrimonio Nacional

Royal Palaces

Madrid El Escorial El Pardo (Zarzuela) Aranjuez La Granja de San Ildefonso Riofrío Alcázar of Seville: Upper Apartments La Almudaina

Monasteries

Convent of Las Descalzas Reales Convent of La Encarnación Convent of Santa Clara Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas Valle de los Caídos

Other

Casita del Príncipe (El Escorial) Casita del Príncipe (El Pardo) Casita del Infante Pantheon of Illustrious Men Convent of San Pascual Convent of Santa Isabel Colegio de Doncellas Nobles

Former Royal Palaces1

Alcázar of Segovia Alcázar of the Caliphs of Córdoba Alcázar of the Catholic Monarchs Alhambra Aljafería Buen Retiro Palace Castle Alcázar of Segorbe Castle of Bellver Castle of Burgos Del Real Palace Generalife Monastery of Yuste Palace of Charles V Palacio de la Magdalena Palacio de la Ribera Royal Palace of Estella Royal Palace of Olite Royal Palace of Perpignan Palau Reial de Pedralbes Palau Reial Major Palacio Real de Valladolid Royal Alcazar of Madrid Torre de la Parada Valldemossa Charterhouse

Former Sub-national seats

Castel Nuovo Edificio de las Casas reales Palacio de los Capitanes Generales
Palacio de los Capitanes Generales
de Cuba Palacio de los Capitanes Generales
Palacio de los Capitanes Generales
de Guatemala Palacio Real de Quito Palacio de Pizarro Palacio Virreinal de Santa Fé de Bogotá Palazzo dei Normanni Royal Palace of Brussels

1This section includes the royal palaces of the Medieval kingdoms  Category

Coordinates: 37°10′37″N 3°35′22″W / 37.17694°N 3.58944°W / 37.176

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