Pacific Fleet (Russia)
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, image = Great emblem of the Pacific Fleet.svg , image_size = 150px , caption = Russian Pacific Fleet Great emblem , dates = 1731–present , country = , allegiance =
(1703–1917)

(1922–1991)

(1991–present) , branch =
Russian navy )Slow – "''Гвардейский встречный марш Военно-морского флота''" () , mascot = , equipment = 1 aircraft carrier An aircraft carrier is a that serves as ...
, type = , role = At sea nuclear deterrence;
Naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat (French language, French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violence, violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed (using weapons) or unarmed (Hand-to-hand combat, not using ...
;
Amphibious military operations;
Combat patrols in the Pacific/Arctic;
Naval presence/diplomacy missions in the Pacific and elsewhere , size = c. 48 Surface Warships (major surface units, light corvettes, mine warfare, amphibious) plus support ships/auxiliaries
c. 22-23 Submarines (of which about 2/3 active as of 2021) , command_structure =
Russian Armed Forces The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, commonly known as the Russian Armed Forces, are the military forces of the Russian Federation Russia (russian: link=no, Россия, , ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning E ...
, garrison = Fokino (HQ)
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky ( rus, Петропавловск-Камчатский, a=Петропавловск-Камчатский.ogg, p=pʲɪtrɐˈpavləfsk kɐmˈtɕatskʲɪj) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ' ...

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

Vilyuchinsk Vilyuchinsk (russian: Вилючинск) is a closed town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different p ...
, garrison_label = , nickname = , patron = , motto = , colors = , colors_label = , march = , mascot = , equipment = , equipment_label = , battles =
Russo-Japanese War The Russo-Japanese War (russian: Ру́сско-япóнская войнá, Rússko-yapónskaya voyná; ja, 日露戦争, Nichiro sensō, Japanese-Russian War) was fought between the Empire of Japan The was a historical natio ...

October Revolution The October Revolution,. officially known as the Great October Socialist Revolution. under the Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence ...

October Revolution

Russian Civil War , date = October Revolution, 7 November 1917 – Yakut revolt, 16 June 1923{{Efn, The main phase ended on 25 October 1922. Revolt against the Bolsheviks continued Basmachi movement, in Central Asia and Tungus Republic, the Far East th ...

World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, anniversaries = , decorations =
Order of the Red Banner The Order of the Red Banner (russian: Орден Крaсного Знамени, transl=Orden Krasnogo Znameni) was the first Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state ...

Order of the Red Banner
, battle_honours = , battle_honours_label = , disbanded = , flying_hours = , website = , commander1 = Adm.
Sergei Avakyants Admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank. In the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth nations and the United States, a "full" admiral is equivalent to a "full" general officer, g ...
, commander1_label = , notable_commanders = Adm. Nikolay Kuznetsov
Adm.
Ivan Yumashev Ivan Stepanovich Yumashev (russian: Иван Степанович Юмашев; – 2 September 1972) was a Soviet Navy admiral, Hero of the Soviet Union (14 September 1945), and Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy#Commanders-in-Chief of the S ...

Adm.
Zinovy Rozhestvensky Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky (russian: Зиновий Петрович Рожественский, Romanization of Russian, tr. ; – January 14, 1909) was an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was in command of the Second Pacific Squadro ...
, identification_symbol = , identification_symbol_label = , identification_symbol_2 = , identification_symbol_2_label = The Pacific Fleet (russian: Тихоокеанский флот,
translit Informal or ''ad hoc'' Scientific transliteration of Cyrillic, romanizations of Cyrillic have been in use since the early days of electronic communications, starting from early e-mail and bulletin board systems.Russian Navy )Slow – "''Гвардейский встречный марш Военно-морского флота''" () , mascot = , equipment = 1 aircraft carrier An aircraft carrier is a that serves as ...
fleet Fleet may refer to: Vehicles *Fishing fleet A fishing fleet is an aggregate of commercial fishing Ship, vessels. The term may be used of all vessels operating out of a particular port, all vessels engaged in a particular type of fishing (as in t ...
in the
Pacific Ocean The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. ...

Pacific Ocean
. Established in 1731 as part of the
Imperial Russian Navy The Imperial Russian Navy () operated as the navy A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a Nation's armed forces principally designated for naval warfare, naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral ...
, the fleet was known as the Okhotsk Military Flotilla (1731–1856) and Siberian Military Flotilla (1856–1918), formed to defend Russian interests in the
Russian Far East The Russian Far East ( rus, Дальний Восток России, r=Dal'niy Vostok Rossii, p=ˈdalʲnʲɪj vɐˈstok rɐˈsʲiɪ) is a region in Northeast Asia Northeast Asia or Northeastern Asia is a geographical subregion of Asia ...

Russian Far East
region along the Pacific coast. In 1918 the fleet was inherited by the
Russian SFSR The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; rus, links=no, Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya ...
, then the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
in 1922 as part of the
Soviet Navy The Soviet Navy () was the naval warfare Military, uniform service branch of the Soviet Armed Forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet (), the Soviet Navy made up a large part of the Soviet Union's strategic planning in the event of a conflict ...
, being reformed several times before being disbanded in 1926. In 1932 it was re-established as the Pacific Fleet, and was known as the Red Banner Pacific Fleet () after
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
as it had earned the
Order of the Red Banner The Order of the Red Banner (russian: Орден Крaсного Знамени, transl=Orden Krasnogo Znameni) was the first Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state ...

Order of the Red Banner
. In the Soviet years, the fleet was also responsible for the Soviet Navy's operations in the
Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's five ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of and contains 97% of . Another definition is "any of the large ...

Indian Ocean
and
Arabian Sea The Arabian Sea ( ar, بحر العرب ''Bahr al-Arab'') is a region of the northern Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering or 19.8% of the water Water is an Inorganic co ...
. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Red Banner Pacific Fleet was inherited by the
Russian Federation Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, largest country in the world, covering over , and encom ...

Russian Federation
as part of the Russian Navy and its current name was adopted. The Pacific Fleet's headquarters is located in
Fokino
Fokino
, formerly
Vladivostok Vladivostok ( rus, Владивосто́к, , a=Владивосток.ogg) is the largest city and the administrative centreAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term f ...

Vladivostok
with numerous facilities within the
Peter the Great Gulf The Peter the Great Gulf (Russian: Залив Петра Великого) is a Gulf (geography), gulf on the southern coast of Primorsky Krai, Russia, and the largest gulf of the Sea of Japan. The gulf extends for from the Russian-North Korean ...

Peter the Great Gulf
in
Primorsky Krai Primorsky Krai ( rus, links=no, Приморский край, r=Primorsky kray, p=prʲɪˈmorskʲɪj kraj), informally known as Primorye (, ) and translated in full as Maritime Territory, is a federal subjects of Russia, federal subject (a kr ...
, and
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky ( rus, Петропавловск-Камчатский, a=Петропавловск-Камчатский.ogg, p=pʲɪtrɐˈpavləfsk kɐmˈtɕatskʲɪj) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ' ...

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
and
Vilyuchinsk Vilyuchinsk (russian: Вилючинск) is a closed town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different p ...
in
Avacha Bay Avacha Bay (russian: Авачинская губа, Авачинская бухта) is a Pacific Ocean The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's five oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the ...
on the
Kamchatka Peninsula The Kamchatka Peninsula (, ''Poluostrov Kamchatka'', ) is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other pla ...

Kamchatka Peninsula
in
Kamchatka Krai Kamchatka Krai ( rus, Камча́тский край, r=Kamchatsky kray, p=kɐmˈtɕatskʲɪj kraj) is a federal subjects of Russia, federal subject of Russia. A krai, it is situated in the Russian Far East, and is administratively part of the Fa ...
. Following the
APEC Russia 2012 The APEC Russia 2012 ( rus, Саммит АТЭС Владивосток-2012, Sammit ATES Vladivostok-2012) was the 24th annual gathering of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, APEC leaders. Leaders from the member economies met on Russky Island, ...

APEC Russia 2012
summit, it was announced that the main naval base of the Pacific Fleet in the Russian Far East will be moved to the town of
Fokino, Primorsky Krai Fokino (russian: Фо́кино) is a closed city, closed types of inhabited localities in Russia, town in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located on the coast of the Peter the Great Gulf, on the Abrek Bay, about south of Vladivostok, the administrative c ...
. The current commander is Admiral
Sergei Avakyants Admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank. In the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth nations and the United States, a "full" admiral is equivalent to a "full" general officer, g ...
, who has held the position since May 2012.


History

In 1731, the Imperial Russian Navy created the
Okhotsk Okhotsk ( rus, Охотск, p=ɐˈxotsk) is an types of inhabited localities in Russia, urban locality (a urban-type settlement, work settlement) and the administrative center of Okhotsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located at the mou ...

Okhotsk
Military Flotilla (, ) under its first commander,
Grigoriy Skornyakov-Pisarev Grigory, Grigori and Grigoriy are Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane ...
, to patrol and transport government goods to and from
Kamchatka The Kamchatka Peninsula (, ''Poluostrov Kamchatka'', ) is a peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of about . The Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Okhotsk make up the peninsula's eastern and western coastlines, respectively. Immediately ...
. In 1799, 3
frigate A frigate () is a type of warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually faste ...

frigate
s and 3 smaller ships were sent to
Okhotsk Okhotsk ( rus, Охотск, p=ɐˈxotsk) is an types of inhabited localities in Russia, urban locality (a urban-type settlement, work settlement) and the administrative center of Okhotsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located at the mou ...

Okhotsk
under the command of
Rear-Admiral Rear admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to a major general and air vice marshal and above that of a Commodore (rank), commodore and Captain (naval), captain, but below that of a vice admiral. It is regarded as a two star "ad ...
I. Fomin to form a functioning military flotilla. In 1849, Petropavlovsk-na-Kamchatke became the Flotilla's principal base, which a year later would be transferred to
Nikolayevsk-on-Amur Nikolayevsk-on-Amur (russian: Никола́евск-на-Аму́ре, ''Nikolayevsk-na-Amure'') is a types of inhabited localities in Russia, town in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia located on the Amur River close to its liman (landform), liman in the ...
and later to
Vladivostok Vladivostok ( rus, Владивосто́к, , a=Владивосток.ogg) is the largest city and the administrative centreAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term f ...

Vladivostok
in 1871. In 1854, the men of the Flotilla distinguished themselves in the defense of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy during the
Crimean War The Crimean War, , was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which Russian Empire, Russia lost to an alliance of Second French Empire, France, the Ottoman Empire, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, ...
, (1853–1856). In 1856, the Okhotsk Military Flotilla changed its name to the "Siberian Military Flotilla" (, ). In 1860, the provisions of the
Convention of Peking The Convention of Peking or First Convention of Peking is an agreement comprising three distinct treaties A treaty is a formal, legally binding written agreement between actors in international law International law, also known as publ ...

Convention of Peking
ceded parts of
Outer Manchuria Outer Manchuria (russian: Приаму́рье, translit=Priamurye; zh, t=外東北, p=Wài Dōngběi, l=Outer Northeast) or Russian Manchuria is a term for a territory in Northeast Asia that is part of Russia Russia (russian: link=no, ...
in northeastern
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...
, including the modern day
Primorsky Krai Primorsky Krai ( rus, links=no, Приморский край, r=Primorsky kray, p=prʲɪˈmorskʲɪj kraj), informally known as Primorye (, ) and translated in full as Maritime Territory, is a federal subjects of Russia, federal subject (a kr ...
to the
Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. ...
. A large squadron under Rear Admiral
A. A. Popov
A. A. Popov
was sent from the
Baltic Fleet , image = Great emblem of the Baltic fleet.svg , image_size = 150 , caption = Baltic Fleet Great ensign , dates = 18 May 1703 – present , country = , allegiance = (1703–1721) (1721–1917) (1917–1922) (1922–1991)(1991–present) ...

Baltic Fleet
to the
Pacific Ocean The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. ...

Pacific Ocean
. During the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
ships of the squadron visited
San Francisco San Francisco (; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (dis ...

San Francisco
while the Baltic Fleet visited
New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of ...

New York City
. Parts of the squadron, including the Finnish corvette ''
Kalevala The ''Kalevala'' ( fi, Kalevala, ) is a 19th-century work of epic poetry compiled by Elias Lönnrot from Karelian language, Karelian and Finnish language, Finnish oral folklore and Finnish mythology, mythology, telling an epic story about the Cre ...
'', returned to the Baltic in 1865. At the turn of the 19th century, the Flotilla was still small in numbers. Owing to a gradual deterioration in Russo-
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
ese relations, the Imperial Russian government adopted a special
shipbuilding Shipbuilding is the construction Construction is a general term meaning the and to form , , or ,"Construction" def. 1.a. 1.b. and 1.c. ''Oxford English Dictionary'' Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0) Oxford University Press 2009 and c ...

shipbuilding
program to meet the needs of the
Russian Far East The Russian Far East ( rus, Дальний Восток России, r=Dal'niy Vostok Rossii, p=ˈdalʲnʲɪj vɐˈstok rɐˈsʲiɪ) is a region in Northeast Asia Northeast Asia or Northeastern Asia is a geographical subregion of Asia ...

Russian Far East
region, but its execution dragged on and in addition there were several clashes and defeats between Russian and
Imperial Japanese Navy The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai are the traditional forms of kanji, Chinese characters, Chinese written characters used in Japanese language, Japanese. Their simplified counterparts are shinjitai (), "new character forms". Some of ...
vessels. In response, the Naval headquarters in
St. Petersburg Saint Petersburg ( rus, links=no, Санкт-Петербург, a=Ru-Sankt Peterburg Leningrad Petrograd Piter.ogg, r=Sankt-Peterburg, p=ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk), formerly known as Petrograd (1914–1924) and later Leningrad (1924–1991), ...

St. Petersburg
ordered the Baltic Fleet to the Pacific to reinforce Russian naval forces, primarily the
Pacific Squadron The Pacific Squadron was part of the United States Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors = Blue and gold  , colors_label = Colors , march = "Anchors Aweigh" ...
on the east coast of
Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of the Earth, Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the cont ...

Asia
and its naval base at Port Arthur. By the beginning of the
Russo-Japanese War The Russo-Japanese War (russian: Ру́сско-япóнская войнá, Rússko-yapónskaya voyná; ja, 日露戦争, Nichiro sensō, Japanese-Russian War) was fought between the Empire of Japan The was a historical natio ...
of 1904–1905, Imperial Russian naval forces in the
Far East The Far East is a term to refer to the geographical regions that includes East and Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical United Nati ...

Far East
consisted of the 1st Pacific Squadron (7
battleship A battleship is a large armored warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually ...

battleship
s, 7
cruiser A cruiser is a type of warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to with ...

cruiser
s, 13
torpedo boat A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to carry torpedoes into battle. The first designs were steam-powered craft dedicated to ramming enemy ships with explosive spar torpedoes. Later evolutions launched variants of se ...
s, 2
gunboat A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to shore bombardment, bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for troopship, ferrying troops or au ...
s) and a number of ships from the "Siberian Military Flotilla" (2
minelayer Minelaying is the act of deploying explosive mines. Historically this has been carried out by ships, submarines and aircraft. Additionally, since World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World ...
s, 12 torpedo boats and 5 gunboats), based in Port Arthur. Other ships of the "Siberian Military Flotilla" (4 cruisers, 10 torpedo boats) were stationed in
Vladivostok Vladivostok ( rus, Владивосто́к, , a=Владивосток.ogg) is the largest city and the administrative centreAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term f ...

Vladivostok
. During the Russo-Japanese War, most of the Russian Navy in the Pacific was destroyed. The Russian Baltic Fleet under Admiral
Zinovy Rozhestvensky Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky (russian: Зиновий Петрович Рожественский, Romanization of Russian, tr. ; – January 14, 1909) was an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was in command of the Second Pacific Squadro ...
, renamed the Second Pacific Squadron, was defeated at the
Battle of Tsushima The Battle of Tsushima (russian: Цусимское сражение, ''Tsusimskoye srazheniye''), also known as the Battle of Tsushima Strait and the Naval Battle of the Sea of Japan (Japanese: 日本海海戦, ''Nihonkai-Kaisen'') in Japan ...
. During the
Russian Revolution of 1905 The Russian Revolution of 1905,. also known as the First Russian Revolution,. was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government. It included worker st ...
, the sailors of the Pacific Fleet were actively engaged in the
revolutionary A revolutionary is a person who either participates in, or advocates a revolution In political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with mak ...
movement, participating in armed revolts in Vladivostok in January 1906 and October 1907. During the
October Revolution The October Revolution,. officially known as the Great October Socialist Revolution. under the Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence ...

October Revolution
of 1917, the sailors of the Siberian and Amur military flotillas fought for the establishment of
Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sove ...
authority in the Far East and against the
White army The White Army or White Armies, also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, ''Belaya Gvardiya''), Whites, or White Guardsmen (Бѣлогвардейцы/Белогвардейцы, ''Belogvardeytsi''), wa ...
and interventionists. During the
Russian Civil War , date = October Revolution, 7 November 1917 – Yakut revolt, 16 June 1923{{Efn, The main phase ended on 25 October 1922. Revolt against the Bolsheviks continued Basmachi movement, in Central Asia and Tungus Republic, the Far East th ...
, almost all of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were seized by the White army and the Japanese. After the departure of the interventionists in 1922, the Soviets created the Naval Forces of the Far East, under commander Ivan Kozhanov, as a part of the Vladivostok unit, and the
Amur Military Flotilla The Amur Military Flotilla (AMF) (russian: Амурская военная флотилия) was a military flotilla on the Amur River, Amur river in the Far East region of Russia. History In 1900, the Russians formed a temporary flotilla on the ...
(Амурская военная флотилия, or Amurskaya voyennaya flotiliya). In 1926, these were disbanded: the Vladivostok unit was transferred to the command of the frontier troops in the Far East, and the Amur flotilla became a flotilla of its own.


Establishment in 1932

Owing to Japanese
aggression Aggression is overt or covert, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other harm upon another individual. It may occur either reactively or without provocation. In humans, aggression can be caused by various ...
in
Manchuria Manchuria is an exonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its populatio ...

Manchuria
in 1931, the
Central Committee Central committee is the common designation of a standing administrative body of communist parties, analogous to a board of directors, of both ruling and nonruling parties of former and existing Socialist State, socialist states. In such party org ...
and the Soviet government decided to create the Naval Forces in the Far East on 13 April 1932. In January 1935, they were renamed the Pacific Fleet, under commander M. Viktorov. The creation of the fleet entailed great difficulties. The first units were formed with small ships delivered by
railroad Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional p ...

railroad
. In 1932, the torpedo boat
squadron Squadron may refer to: * Squadron (army), a military unit of cavalry, tanks, or equivalent subdivided into troops or tank companies * Squadron (aviation), a military unit that consists of three or four flights with a total of 12 to 24 aircraft, dep ...
and eight
submarine A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated ...

submarine
s were put into service. In 1934, the Pacific Fleet received 26 small submarines. The creation of the
naval aviation Naval aviation is the application of military air power by navies A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a Nation's armed forces principally designated for naval warfare, naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, ...

naval aviation
and
coastal artillery Coastal artillery is the branch of the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between State ...
was underway. In 1937, they opened the Pacific Military School. By the beginning of
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, the Pacific Fleet had two surface ship subdivisions, four submarine subdivisions, one torpedo boat subdivision, a few squadrons of ships and
patrol boat A patrol boat (also referred to as a patrol craft, patrol ship or patrol vessel) is a relatively small naval ship, naval vessel generally designed for Coastal defense and fortification, coastal defence, border protection, immigration law-enforc ...

patrol boat
s,
airborne Airborne or Airborn may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films * Airborne (1962 film), ''Airborne'' (1962 film), a 1962 American film directed by James Landis * Airborne (1993 film), ''Airborne'' (1993 film), a comedy–drama film * Air ...
units, coastal artillery and
marines Marines, or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate in littoral zones The littoral zone or nearshore is the part of a sea, lake, or river that is close to the shore. In coastal environments, the littoral zone exten ...
.


World War II

During the
Great Patriotic War The Eastern Front of World War II was a Theater (warfare), theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers against the Soviet Union (USSR), Polish Armed Forces in the East, Poland and other Allies of World War II, Allies, which encom ...
(the Soviet World War II campaign against Germany from 1941 to 1945) the Pacific Fleet was in a permanent state of alert and ready for action, although the Soviets remained neutral with respect to the Empire of Japan, the only Axis power in the Pacific, even after Japan entered World War II. At the same time, the Soviets transferred a
destroyer leader Destroyer leader (DL) was the United States Navy designation for large destroyers from 9 February 1951 through the early years of the Cold War. United States ships with hull classification symbol DL were officially frigates from 1 January 1955Blac ...
, two
destroyer In naval A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically ...

destroyer
s, and five submarines from the Pacific Fleet to the
Northern Fleet Severnyy flot , image = Great emblem of the Northern Fleet.svg , image_size = 150px , caption = Northern Fleet's great emblem , start_date = June 1, 1733; Soviet iteration: August 5, 1933 , country = , branch = , type = Fleet , role =At ...

Northern Fleet
. More than 140,000 sailors from the Pacific Fleet were incorporated in the
rifle brigade The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, Reconnaissance, scouts, and skirmishers. They were soon rena ...
s and other units on the Soviet front against Germans in Europe. By August 1945, the Pacific Fleet consisted of two cruisers, one destroyer leader, ten destroyers, two torpedo boats, 19 patrol boats, 78 submarines, ten
minelayer Minelaying is the act of deploying explosive mines. Historically this has been carried out by ships, submarines and aircraft. Additionally, since World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World ...
s, 52
minesweeper A minesweeper is a small warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withst ...
s, 49 "MO" anti-submarine boats (MO stands for Малый Охотник, or "little hunter"), 204 motor torpedo boats and 1459 war planes. During the
Soviet–Japanese War The Soviet–Japanese War (russian: Советско-японская война; ja, ソ連対日参戦, soren tai nichi sansen, Soviet Union entry into war against Japan), known in Mongolia as the Liberation War of 1945 () was a military ...
of 1945, the Pacific Fleet participated in the removal of the Empire of Japan from Northern Korea (a part of the
Manchurian Operation of 1945 The Soviet invasion of Manchuria, formally known as the Manchurian strategic offensive operation (russian: Манчжурская стратегическая наступательная операция, ''Manchzhurskaya Strategicheskaya Nastu ...
), in the
Invasion of South Sakhalin Soviet invasion of South Sakhalin, also called the Battle of Sakhalin (Russian language, Russian: Южно-Сахалинская операция, Japanese language, Japanese: 樺太の戦い), was the Soviet Union, Soviet invasion of the Em ...

Invasion of South Sakhalin
and the Kuril Islands Landing Operation the same year. Thousands of sailors and officers were awarded
order Order, ORDER or Orders may refer to: * Orderliness Orderliness is a quality that is characterized by a person’s interest in keeping their surroundings and themselves well organized, and is associated with other qualities such as cleanliness a ...
s and
medal A medal or medallion is a small portable artistic object, a thin disc, normally of metal, carrying a design, usually on both sides. They typically have a commemorative purpose of some kind, and many are given as awards. They may be intend ...

medal
s for outstanding military service; more than fifty men received the title
Hero of the Soviet Union The title Hero of the Soviet Union (russian: Герой Советского Союза, translit=Geroy Sovietskogo Soyuza) was the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, awarded together with the Order of Lenin personally or collectively for h ...

Hero of the Soviet Union
. Eighteen ships and fleet units received the title of the
Soviet Guards Guards (russian: гвардия) or Guards units (russian: гвардейские части, ''gvardeyskiye chasti'') were elite military units of Imperial Russia The Russian Empire, . was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia ...
, and sixteen were awarded the
Order of the Red Banner The Order of the Red Banner (russian: Орден Крaсного Знамени, transl=Orden Krasnogo Znameni) was the first Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state ...

Order of the Red Banner
.


Cold War

On 5 May 1965, the Pacific Fleet itself was awarded with the
Order of the Red Banner The Order of the Red Banner (russian: Орден Крaсного Знамени, transl=Orden Krasnogo Znameni) was the first Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state ...

Order of the Red Banner
. The Pacific Fleet started deploying forces to the Indian Ocean, and established the 8th Operational (Indian Ocean) Squadron in 1968, after the British government announced its intention to withdraw its military forces east of the
Suez Canal The Suez Canal ( ar, قَنَاةُ ٱلسُّوَيْسِ, ') is an artificial sea-level Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an mean, average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's bodies of water from which hei ...
by 1971. In addition to the defensive function of balancing the naval strength in the Indian Ocean against that of the United States Navy, the 8th Squadron played a role in promoting Soviet foreign policy. Regular visits and port calls were made in the Indian subcontinent, the
Persian Gulf The Persian Gulf ( fa, خلیج فارس, translit=xalij-e fârs, lit=Gulf of , ) is a in . The body of water is an extension of the () through the and lies between to the northeast and the to the southwest.United Nations Group of Exper ...
, and the East African coast. The 8th Operational Squadron grew quite substantial at times; in 1980, a Soviet flotilla of 'about ten guided missile cruisers, destroyers and frigates and more than a dozen support ships' was juxtaposed to the U.S. Navy's
Task Force 70 The Seventh Fleet is a numbered fleet of the United States Navy. It is headquartered at U.S. Fleet Activities Yokosuka, in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is part of the United States Pacific Fleet. At present, it is the largest of th ...
in the region. There were also 23 other Soviet ships in the
South China Sea The South China Sea is a marginal sea This is a list of seas of the World Ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of Saline water, salt water that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of Earth and contains 97 ...

South China Sea
, at the same time. In addition, Soviet
Ilyushin Il-38 The Ilyushin Il-38 "Dolphin" (NATO reporting name: May) is a maritime patrol aircraft and anti-submarine warfare aircraft designed in the Soviet Union. It was a development of the Ilyushin Il-18 turboprop transport. Design and development The I ...
reconnaissance planes, based in
Aden Aden ( , ; ar, عدن ' Yemeni Arabic, Yemeni: ) is a city, and since 2015, the temporary capital of Yemen, near the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of the strait Bab-el-Mandeb. Its population is approximately ...

Aden
or
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the ...

Ethiopia
, maintained a close watch on U.S. vessels, as did
Ka-25 Hormone The Kamov Ka-25 (NATO reporting name NATO reporting names are code names for military equipment from Russia, China, and historically, the Eastern Bloc (Soviet Union and other nations of the Warsaw Pact). They provide unambiguous and easily und ...
helicopters from Soviet warships. In 1981 the fleet suffered the loss of many of its senior officers, including its commander in chief, Admiral Emil Spiridonov, when the
Tupolev Tu-104 The Tupolev Tu-104 (NATO reporting name NATO reporting names are code names for military equipment from Russia, China, and historically, the Eastern Bloc (Soviet Union and other nations of the Warsaw Pact). They provide unambiguous and easily ...
transporting them back to Vladivostok after meetings in Leningrad crashed shortly after takeoff from
Pushkin Airport Pushkin Airport () is an airport in Leningrad Oblast, Russia located 28 km south of Saint Petersburg. It handles small airliners. It was home to 147 OVZ RZB regiment flying Mil Mi-8, Mi-8 helicopters and contains Ilyushin Il-18, Il-18, Il ...
. A total of 16 admirals and generals, and 38 lower ranking officers, were killed. In the 1980s, Soviet
naval strategy Naval strategy is the planning and conduct of war at sea, the naval equivalent of military strategy Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organization Military organization or military organisation is the structuring o ...
shifted to an emphasis on
bastion A bastion or bulwark is a structure projecting outward from the curtain wall Curtain wall may refer to: * Curtain wall (architecture), the outer skin of a modern building * Curtain wall (fortification), the outer wall of a castle or defensive w ...
defense, fortifying the
Sea of Okhotsk The Sea of Okhotsk ( rus, Охо́тское мо́ре, Okhótskoye móre ; ja, オホーツク海, Ohōtsuku-kai) is a marginal sea This is a list of seas of the World Ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of S ...
for that purpose. By the mid-1980s, the Pacific Fleet had constituted 32% of all Soviet naval assets, up from 28% in 1975 and 25% in 1965. It included approximately 800 ships, over 120 submarines, and 98
surface combatant Surface combatants (or surface ships or surface vessels) are a subset of naval warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As ...
s. Two of the ships were
aircraft carrier An aircraft carrier is a warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually faster ...
s and , which served from the 1970s and 1980s to the 1990s. The
battlecruiser The battlecruiser (also written as battle cruiser or battle-cruiser) was a type of capital ship of the first half of the 20th century. They were similar in displacement, armament and cost to battleships, but differed slightly in form and balance ...
''Admiral Lazarev'' of the served with the fleet in the 1980s and 1990s as well.


Recent events

In the 1990s and 2000s, the Pacific Fleet lost many of its larger units. Within a few years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Fleet lost all its aircraft carriers, and by early 2000 only one cruiser remained active with the Fleet. By the end of the 2010s, the Fleet consisted of one large missile cruiser, five destroyers, ten nuclear submarines, eight diesel-electric submarines plus numerous light units, amphibious ships and auxiliaries. Between 5–12 July 2013, warships from the Russian Pacific Fleet and the
North Sea Fleet The Northern Theater Command Navy (), or the North Sea Fleet (NSF; ) is one of the three fleets of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy, under the Northern Theater Command. In September 1950 the Qingdao Army Base was redesignated as a naval b ...
of the
People's Liberation Army Navy The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; ), also known as the Chinese Navy or PLA Navy, is the naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill th ...
participated in Joint Sea 2013, bilateral naval maneuvers held in the
Peter the Great Bay The Peter the Great Gulf (Russian: Залив Петра Великого) is a Gulf (geography), gulf on the southern coast of Primorsky Krai, Russia, and the largest gulf of the Sea of Japan. The gulf extends for from the Russian-North Korean ...
. Joint Sea 2013 was the largest naval drills yet undertaken by the
PRC China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, East ...

PRC
's navy with a foreign navy. In 2021, a joint Russian-Chinese squadron sailed around Japan, passing between Japanese islands through the
Tsugaru Strait The is a strait A strait is a naturally formed, narrowing, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. The surface water generally flows at the same elevation on both sides and through the strait in either dir ...

Tsugaru Strait
and then the Osumi Strait. The Russian ships in the squadron included the destroyers ''Admiral Panteleyev'' and ''Admiral Tributs'', the corvettes ''Aldar Tsydenzhapov'' and ''Gromkiy'' as well as auxiliaries. Plans for deployment of new large units to the Fleet were announced in the early 2010s. Several new
ballistic missile submarine A ballistic missile submarine is a submarine A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. It is also sometimes used historic ...
s, and large cruisers were projected to join the Fleet. However, these plans evolved over the course of the decade with a changed focus by 2020 on light units and submarines to renew the fleet. In this regard, the focus is now on new general purpose frigates ( Gorshkov-class), multi-role and missile corvettes ( Steregushchiy-class, Gremyashchiy-class and Karakurt-class) as well as on a full range of new submarines (the Borei, Yasen and Improved Kilo classes). Ships of these classes are all projected to enter service through the 2020s. In addition, the Pacific Fleet's amphibious capabilities will be modernized in the mid-latter 2020s through the acquisition of one or more of the Ivan Gren-class landing ships and possibly one of the new Project 23900 amphibious assault ship, Priboy-class helicopter assault ships. While existing ballistic-missile submarine production will fully replace and increase numbers of SSBNs in the Pacific Fleet, it is unclear that the production of the Yasen-class vessels, and potential follow-on models, will be sufficient to replace aging older nuclear attack and cruise missile submarines on a one-for-one basis. Reports suggest that Russian third-generation nuclear submarines have not been modernized to a level to avoid block obsolescence before 2030. The 2016 decision to add six new "Improved Kilo"-class conventionally-powered submarines to the fleet may be partly designed to mitigate such a gap.


2008 Russian submarine accident

An 2008 Russian submarine accident, accident aboard , a nuclear-powered attack
submarine A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated ...

submarine
doing a test run during sea trials in the Sea of Japan on 8 November 2008, killed more than 20 people, marking the worst submarine disaster since Russian submarine K-141 Kursk, ''Kursk'' sank in 2000. ''Nerpa'' was an belonging to the Pacific Fleet. Its construction began in 1991, but was delayed due to lack of funding.


Order of Battle

The Pacific Fleet is one component of the Russian Eastern Military District established in 2010. Other components of the Eastern District include the 11th Air and Air Defence Forces Army (providing both aviation and air defence units in the District) as well as four ground force army headquarters (the 5th, 29th, 35th and 36th Combined Arms Armies) and one independent corps HQ (68th Army Corps (Russia), the 68th) on Sakhalin island. The Russian Coast Guard provides additional armed patrol capabilities in the Pacific, including two Krivak-class frigates.


Surface Warships


Submarines


Other Surface Units

* Mine Countermeasures Ships: ** Natya-class minesweeper, Natya-class: 2 Vessels (MT-264, 265) ** Sonya-class minesweeper, Sonya-class: 7 Vessels (BT-100, 114, 215, 232, 245, 256, 325) ** Alexandrit-class minesweeper, Alexandrit-class: 1 Vessel (''Yakov Balyaev'') entered service 2020; a second vessel of the class (''Petr Ilyichev''), destined for the Pacific Fleet, was on sea trials in the Baltic as of December 2021 * Patrol/Anti-Saboteur Boats: ** Grachonok-class anti-saboteur ship: 6 Vessels (P-377; P-417 ''Yunarmeets Kamchatki''; P-420 ''Yunarmeets Primorya''; P-431 ''Yunarmeets Chukotki''; P-445, P-450 Yunarmeets Sakhalina) * Intelligence/Tracking Vessels: ** Vishnya-class intelligence ship ''Kareliya'' (assigned to 515th division of reconnaissance ships; active as of 2021) ** Marshal Nedelin-class intelligence ship ''Marshal Krylov'' (active as of 2021; assigned to the 114th Brigade of the Pacific Fleet) * Fleet Oilers: ** Boris Chilikin-class fleet oiler, Boris Chilikin-class: 1 vessel (''Boris Butoma'' - active as of 2021) ** Dubna-class: 2 vessels (''Pechenga'' and ''Irkut''; both active as of 2020/2021) ** Uda-class: 1 vessel (''Vishera'') ** Altay-class oiler, Altay-class: 2 vessels (''Izhora'' and ''Ilim'') * Hydrographic Survey Vessels: 4 ''Yug-class'' (Project 862) vessels ** ''Vice-Admiral Vorontsov'' (formerly ''Briz'') ** ''Gals'' ** ''Marshal Gelovani'' ** ''Pegas''


Naval Aviation

Naval Aviation of the Pacific Fleet (Fleet fighter information as of 2019/20; other data may be older): *568th Independent Composite Aviation Regiment – HQ at Mongokhto – Tu-142MR/MZ/M3 (Bear-F) maritime-patrol/ASW aircraft (M3 (Bear-F) variant reported delivered as of 2020); *317th Mixed Aviation Regiment – HQ at Yelizovo – One Squadron with Il-38/N ASW aircraft (upgrading with N-model variant of the aircraft as of 2017); One Squadron reported deploying upgraded MiG-31BM fighters (2020). **865th Red Banner Order of Labour Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO (Regiment transferred to Pacific Fleet on 1 July 1998; disbanded 2010; reported as likely to reform as of 2019 but status still unclear as of 2021) – HQ at Yelizovo-Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport – MiG-31B/M fighters (planned as of 2019) ** Pacific Fleet MiG-31s (including K-variant with Kh-47M2 Kinzhal ASM) also reported deployed at Ugolny Airport, Anadyr airport in the Chukotka region (December 2020) with further potential forward operating locations at Wrangel Island and elsewhere. *71st Independent Military Transport Air Squadron – HQ at Nikolayevka, Primorskaya – An-12, An-24, An-26; *175th Independent Shipborne Anti-submarine Helicopter Squadron – HQ at Yelizovo – Ka-27 ASW helicopters; *289th Independent Anti-submarine Air Regiment – HQ at Nikolayevka – Il-38/N ASW aircraft; Ka-27 ASW and Ka-29 attack helicopters. Additional aviation and air defence assets in the Eastern Military District are deployed as part of the 11th Air and Air Defence Forces Army, including Su-35s at Yelizovo on the
Kamchatka Peninsula The Kamchatka Peninsula (, ''Poluostrov Kamchatka'', ) is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other pla ...

Kamchatka Peninsula
(deployed there on rotation as of 2021). Tu-95MS and Tupolev Tu-22M, Tu-22M3 bombers (including with Kh-47M2 Kinzhal hypersonic and Kh-32 long-range supersonic anti-ship missiles) deployed as part of Russian Long-Range Aviation, including in the Eastern Military District.


Ground Forces

According to a report from the Institute for the Study of War, in March 2018 the Fleet contained two naval infantry brigades, a coastal brigade, and coastal regiment. However, an expansion of these capabilities, introducing new units and formations, was underway as of 2020/21. * Fleet Headquarters,
Vladivostok Vladivostok ( rus, Владивосто́к, , a=Владивосток.ogg) is the largest city and the administrative centreAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term f ...

Vladivostok
commanded by Admiral Vladimir Ivanovich Korolev ** Naval Infantry *** 40th Naval Infantry Brigade, 40th Separate Naval Infantry Brigade,
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky ( rus, Петропавловск-Камчатский, a=Петропавловск-Камчатский.ogg, p=pʲɪtrɐˈpavləfsk kɐmˈtɕatskʲɪj) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ' ...

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
*** 155th Separate Naval Infantry Brigade,
Vladivostok Vladivostok ( rus, Владивосто́к, , a=Владивосток.ogg) is the largest city and the administrative centreAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term f ...

Vladivostok
(re-equipping with BMP-3F amphibious infantry fighting vehicles as of 2021; both 40th and 155th brigades also re-equipped with T-80, T-80BV main battle tanks in 2021) *** 42nd Maritime Recon Point (Special Forces battalion), Vladivostok ** Coastal Defence *** Division-sized formation reported being established in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Chukotka region as of 2021 ** Coastal Defence Surface-to-Surface Missile Units *** 520th Separate Coastal Missile Artillery Brigade,
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky ( rus, Петропавловск-Камчатский, a=Петропавловск-Камчатский.ogg, p=pʲɪtrɐˈpavləfsk kɐmˈtɕatskʲɪj) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ' ...

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
**** 2 Battalions/Squadrons with K-300P Bastion-P, K-300 Bastion Surface-to-Surface Missiles (as of 2018; additional units reported forming with the aim of 3-5 Bastion and 1-2 Kh-35, SSC-6 Bal battalions/squadrons). *** 72nd Separate Coastal Missile Brigade (units equipped with Bastion SSM (Iturup Island and Matua Island) and Bal SSM battalion (Kunashir Island)), HQ: Vladivostok *** New Coastal Missile Brigade reported being established in 2021 to defend Sakhalin.


Commanders of the Pacific Fleet

*Mikhail Viktorov, Mikhail Vladimirovich Viktorov (from April 1932) *Grigory Kireyev, Grigoriy Petrovich Kireyev (from August 1937) *Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov, Nikolay Gerasimovich Kuznetsov (from January 1938) *Ivan Stepanovich Yumashev (from August 1939) In January 1947, the Pacific Fleet was divided into the 5th and 7th fleets: In April 1953, the Fleets were once again combined under one Pacific Fleet command: *Yuriy Aleksandrovich Panteleyev (from January 1953) *Valentin Andreyevich Chekurov (from January 1956) *Vitaliy Alekseyevich Fokin (from February 1958) *Nikolay Nikolayevich Amelko (from June 1962) *Nikolai Smirnov (Soviet Navy officer), Nikolai Ivanovich Smirnov (from March 1969) *Vladimir Petrovich Maslov (from September 1974) *Emil Nikolayevich Spiridonov (from August 1979) *Vladimir Vasilyevich Sidorov (from February 1986) *Gennadiy Aleksandrovich Khvatov (From December 1986) *Georgiy Nikolayevich Gurinov (from March 1993) *Igor Nikolayevich Khmelnov (from August 1994) *Vladimir Kuroyedov, Vladimir Ivanovich Kuroyedov (from February 1996) *Mikhail Georgiyevich Zakharenko (from July 1997) *Gennadiy Aleksandrovich Suchkov (from July 2001) *Viktor Dmitriyevich Fedorov (from December 2001) *Konstantin Sidenko, Konstantin Semyonovich Sidenko (from December 2007) *Sergei Avakyants, Sergey Iosifovich Avakyants (Acting from August 2010 – appointed Commander since 3 May 2012)


See also

* Grigory Pasko – former officer of the
Russian Navy )Slow – "''Гвардейский встречный марш Военно-морского флота''" () , mascot = , equipment = 1 aircraft carrier An aircraft carrier is a that serves as ...
, editor of ''Boyevaya Vakhta (Battle Watch)'', in-house newspaper of the Pacific Fleet, and prisoner of conscience *Bechevinka, former submarine base of the fleet


References


Further reading

* {{Authority control Russian fleets Pacific Coast of Russia Imperial Russian Navy Naval units and formations of the Soviet Union, Pacific Fleet Sea of Japan Russian Far East Vladivostok Military units and formations established in 1731 1731 establishments in Asia 1730s establishments in the Russian Empire Military units and formations awarded the Order of the Red Banner