Oswego County, New York
   HOME

TheInfoList



Oswego County is a
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...
in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a W ...
of
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the Northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
. As of the 2020 census, the population was 117,525. The
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. Th ...
is Oswego. The county name is from a
Mohawk language Mohawk (; ''Kanienʼkéha'', " anguageof the Flint Place") is an Iroquoian language The Iroquoian languages are a language family of indigenous peoples of North America The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the inhabitants of the Amer ...
word meaning "the pouring out place", referring to the point at which the Oswego River feeds into Lake Ontario at the northern edge of the county in the city of Oswego. Oswego County is part of the
Syracuse Syracuse may refer to: Places Italy *Syracuse, Sicily Syracuse ( ; it, Siracusa , or scn, Seragusa, label=none ; lat, Syrācūsae ; grc-att, wikt:Συράκουσαι, Συράκουσαι, Syrákousai ; grc-dor, wikt:Συράκοσ ...
, NY
Metropolitan Statistical Area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area#REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throu ...
.


History

When counties were established in the British colony of New York in 1683, the present Oswego County was part of
Albany CountyAlbany County is the name of two jurisdictions in the United States in different states: *Albany County, New York *Albany County, Wyoming {{Geodis, uscounty ...
. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of what is now New York state as well as all of the present state of
Vermont Vermont () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...

Vermont
and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of
Cumberland CountyCumberland County may refer to: Australia * Cumberland County, New South Wales * the former name of Cumberland Land District, Tasmania, Australia Canada *Cumberland County, Nova Scotia United Kingdom *Cumberland United States * Cumberlan ...
in the British colony, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of
Schenectady Schenectady () is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. ...
, and the county included the western part of the
Adirondack Mountains The Adirondack Mountains () form a massif In geology, a massif ( or ) is a section of a planet's Crust (geology), crust that is demarcated by geologic fault, faults or Lithospheric flexure, flexures. In the Plate tectonics, movement of the cr ...
and the area west of the West Branch of the
Delaware River The Delaware River is a major on the coast of the . It drains an area of in four s: , , and . Rising in two branches in New York state's , the river flows into where its waters enter the Atlantic Ocean near in New Jersey and in Delawar ...

Delaware River
. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for
William Tryon Lieutenant General Lieutenant general or lieutenant-general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a Three-star rank, three-star military rank (NATO code OF-9) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of ...
, colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the
American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from thirteen American colonies of British America British America comprised the colonia ...
, the name of Tryon County was changed to
Montgomery CountyMontgomery County may refer to: Australia * The former name of Montgomery Land District, Tasmania United Kingdom * The historic county of Montgomeryshire, Wales, also called County of Montgomery United States

* Montgomery County, Alabama * Mon ...
to honor the general,
Richard Montgomery Richard Montgomery (December 2, 1738 – December 31, 1775) was an Irish soldier A soldier is one who fights as part of a military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized for ...
, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of
Quebec ) , image_shield=Armoiries du Québec.svg , image_flag=Flag of Quebec.svg , coordinates= , AdmittanceDate=July 1, 1867 , AdmittanceOrder=1st, with New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , ...

Quebec
, replacing the name of the hated British governor. In 1789, the size of Montgomery County was reduced by the splitting off of Ontario County from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus,
Chautauqua Chautauqua ( ) was an adult education and social movement in the United States, highly popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Chautauqua assemblies expanded and spread throughout rural America until the mid-1920s. The Chautauqua brou ...
, Erie,
Genesee Genesee, derived from the Seneca word for "pleasant valley", may refer to: Geographic features Canada *Genesee, Alberta, an unincorporated community United States *Genesee, California *Genesee, Colorado *Genesee County, Michigan *Genesee Coun ...
, Livingston, Monroe,
Niagara Niagara may refer to: Geography Niagara Falls and nearby places In both the United States and Canada *Niagara Falls, the famous waterfalls in the Niagara River *Niagara River, part of the U.S.–Canada border *Niagara Escarpment, the cliff ove ...
, Orleans, Steuben,
Wyoming Wyoming () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...
,
YatesYates may refer to: Places *Fort Yates, North Dakota *Yates Spring, a spring in Georgia, United States *Yates City, Illinois *Yates Township, Illinois *Yates Center, Kansas *Yates, Michigan *Yates Township, Michigan *Yates, Missouri *Yates, Montana ...
, and part of Schuyler and
Wayne Wayne may refer to: People with the given name and surname * Wayne (given name) * Wayne (surname) Geographical Places with name ''Wayne'' may take their name from a person with that surname; the most famous such person was Gen. "Mad" Anthony ...
counties. Oswego County was partly in Macomb's Purchase of 1791. In 1791, Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Otsego, and Tioga County). This was much larger than the present county, however, and was reduced by a number of subsequent splits. In 1794,
Onondaga County Onondaga County ( ) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term ...

Onondaga County
was created from a part of Herkimer County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, including the present
CayugaCayuga often refers to: * Cayuga people, a native tribe to North America, part of the Iroquois Confederacy * Cayuga language, the language of the Cayuga Cayuga may also refer to: Places Canada *Cayuga, Ontario United States *Cayuga, Illinois *Ca ...
, Cortland, and part of Oswego counties. In 1798, Oneida County was created from a part of Herkimer County. This county was larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson,
Lewis Lewis may refer to: Names * Lewis (given name) Lewis () is a masculine English given name, English-language given name. It was coined as an anglicisation of given names in other languages. "Lewis" has been used to anglicise the Irish language, Ir ...
, and part of Oswego counties. In 1805, Oneida County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Jefferson and
Lewis Lewis may refer to: Names * Lewis (given name) Lewis () is a masculine English given name, English-language given name. It was coined as an anglicisation of given names in other languages. "Lewis" has been used to anglicise the Irish language, Ir ...
counties. In 1816, Oswego County was created as New York State's 48th county from parts of Oneida and Onondaga counties. In 1841, businessmen in Oswego attempted to divide Oswego County into two counties. They failed to persuade the State to do so, however. Occasionally, the topic still comes up today by dividing the county into an east part and a west part, with the east portion being renamed "Salmon County". At various times, beginning in 1847 and as late as 1975, attempts were made to move the county seat to the Village of Mexico. However, none of these attempts succeeded. On April 20, 2002, around 6:50 am, many residents of Oswego County were shaken awake by a magnitude 5.2 earthquake centered near Plattsburgh, New York. Minor damage to a Fire Hall in Altmar was the only report of damage. No injuries were sustained. During 1–12 February 2007, a major
lake effect snow Lake-effect snow is produced during cooler atmospheric conditions when a cold air mass moves across long expanses of warmer lake water. The lower layer of air, heated up by the lake water, picks up water vapor from the lake and rises up through t ...
fall dumped over ten feet of snow in many places in Oswego County, resulting in several roof collapses, some communities being cut off, and some people being snowed-in in their homes. A state of emergency was declared for the county, and the National Guard was sent in to help clear the snow.


Government and politics

The Oswego County Legislature has 25 members, elected from equal population districts, reduced from 36 in 1993. The legislators are split between seven committees that meet monthly and also attend a general meeting once per month. The seven standing committees as of December 2019 were Government, Courts and Consumer Affairs; Public Safety; Infrastructure, Facilities and Technology; Economic Development and Planning; Health; Human Services; and Finance and Personnel. In the 2019 general election, the county GOP won three more seats previously occupied by Democrats, expanding its control of the legislature to 23–2. The two Democratic candidates who were elected ran unopposed, and there was only one other Democrat running for any of the 25 seats. Meanwhile, a proposition that sought to expand legislator terms from two years to four years was rejected, with 65.06 percent of 17,701 total votes countywide going against the proposition.


District Representation (2020)

Oswego County has two representatives in the
state assembly
state assembly
, with Republicans Will Barclay and Brian Manktelow both serving as assemblymen for portions of the county. Barclay, of Pulaski, New York, Pulaski was unanimously elected by a vote of his GOP Assembly peers to lead the State Assembly Republicans on Jan. 7, 2020. Sen. Patty Ritchie, R-Oswegatchie, represents the 48th district that includes Oswego County in the New York State Senate, state senate.


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (27%) is water. Oswego County is in northwestern New York State, just north of
Syracuse Syracuse may refer to: Places Italy *Syracuse, Sicily Syracuse ( ; it, Siracusa , or scn, Seragusa, label=none ; lat, Syrācūsae ; grc-att, wikt:Συράκουσαι, Συράκουσαι, Syrákousai ; grc-dor, wikt:Συράκοσ ...
and northwest of Utica, New York, Utica, on the eastern shore of Lake Ontario. Part of the Tug Hill Plateau is in the eastern part of the county and, at , is the highest point.Oswego County Clerk's Office, NY
The Salmon River Falls, a waterfall, is a popular sightseeing destination in the northeastern portion of the county. There are two harbors in the county, Oswego Harbor at the mouth of the Oswego River and Port Ontario on the Salmon River (New York), Salmon River. The first major port of call on the Great Lakes is the Port of Oswego Authority dock.


Adjacent counties

* Jefferson County, New York, Jefferson County – north * Lewis County, New York, Lewis County – northeast * Oneida County – east * Madison County, New York, Madison County – southeast *
Onondaga County Onondaga County ( ) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term ...

Onondaga County
– south * Cayuga County, New York, Cayuga County – southwest


Major highways

* Interstate 81 in New York, Interstate 81 * U.S. Route 11 in New York, U.S. Route 11 * New York State Route 3 * New York State Route 13 * New York State Route 48 * New York State Route 49 * New York State Route 69 * New York State Route 104 * New York State Route 104B * New York State Route 481 (Veterans Memorial Highway)


Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 122,377 people, 45,522 households, and 31,228 families residing in the county. The population density was 128 people per square mile (50/km2). There were 52,831 housing units at an average density of 55 per square mile (21/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.17% White (U.S. Census), White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 0.42% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 0.48% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population. 15.5% were of Irish, 14.0% German, 13.7% Italian, 13.3% English, 9.6% American, 7.9% French and 5.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.2% spoke English and 1.7% Spanish as their first language. There were 45,522 households, out of which 35.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,598, and the median income for a family was $43,821. Males had a median income of $34,976 versus $23,938 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,853. About 9.70% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over. Oswego County is also home to two colleges: State University of New York at Oswego in the Town of Oswego and the Fulton Branch Campus of Cayuga County Community College in the City of Fulton.


Communities

Oswego County has 22 towns, 2 cities, and 10 villages.


Larger Settlements

† - County Seat †† - Former Village ‡ - Not Wholly In This County


Towns

* Albion, Oswego County, New York, Albion * Amboy, New York, Amboy * Boylston, New York, Boylston * Constantia (town), New York, Constantia * Granby, New York, Granby * Hannibal (town), New York, Hannibal * Hastings, New York, Hastings * Mexico (town), New York, Mexico * Minetto (town), New York, Minetto * New Haven, New York, New Haven * Orwell, New York, Orwell * Oswego (town), New York, Oswego * Palermo, New York, Palermo * Parish (town), New York, Parish * Redfield, New York, Redfield * Richland, New York, Richland * Sandy Creek (town), New York, Sandy Creek * Schroeppel, New York, Schroeppel * Scriba, New York, Scriba * Volney, New York, Volney * West Monroe, New York, West Monroe * Williamstown, New York, Williamstown


Nature

Swimming places in the county include ;on Lake Ontario * Selkirk Shores State Park * Sandy Island Beach State Park * Mexico Point State Park * Salmon River Lighthouse and Marina (Selkirk Light?) ;Unofficial swimming places include: * "The Rocks" in the city of Oswego, on the west side of the west breakwater defining Oswego Harbor (so outside of the harbor) ;Swimming on Oneida Lake * Taft Bay Park at Bernhards Bay, New York and other swimming on Oneida Lake. Oswego County includes the majority of the northern shore of the lake, running east to the hamlet of Cleveland, New York. It also includes all of the lake surface from the north shore to the south shore, which is the northern edge of Onondaga and Madison counties. So swimming out from beaches on the southern shore, even, puts you in Oswego County. Oswego County runs east along the south shore almost to the hamlet of Lakeport. ;Pool swimming includes: * Brennan Beach RV Resort * Gallager Pool in Oswego * Scriba Town Park * Fulton City Pools


Economy

Oswego's economy is most prominent as industry; in 2012, manufactured shipments made up $2.1 billion of the local economy. Retail made up the next most prominent sector, totaling $1.2 billion or more than $10,000 per resident. Wholesale merchants also made $368 million sales the same year. Services made up the final total, equal to over $500 million in food service, healthcare, accommodation, and social services.


See also

* List of counties in New York * National Register of Historic Places listings in Oswego County, New York


References


External links


Oswego County Government site

President Andrew Jackson’s BIG Cheese Tasting, from Dairymen of Oswego County
Shapell Manuscript Foundation *




State University of New York (SUNY) Oswego

Cayuga Community College
{{coord, 43.47, -76.20, display=title, type:adm2nd_region:US-NY_source:UScensus1990 Oswego County, New York, Syracuse metropolitan area 1816 establishments in New York (state) Populated places established in 1816