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Ostrava
Ostrava
(Polish: Ostrawa, German: Ostrau or Mährisch Ostrau) is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and is the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region. It is 15 km (9 mi) from the border with Poland, at the meeting point of four rivers: the Odra, Opava, Ostravice and Lučina. In terms of both population and area Ostrava
Ostrava
is the third largest city in the Czech Republic, the second largest city in Moravia, and the largest city in Czech Silesia. It straddles the border of the two historic provinces of Moravia
Moravia
and Silesia. The population was around 300,000 in 2013. The wider conurbation – which also includes the towns of Bohumín, Doubrava, Havířov, Karviná, Orlová, Petřvald and Rychvald
Rychvald
– is home to about 500,000 people, making it the largest urban area in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
apart from the capital, Prague. Ostrava
Ostrava
grew to prominence thanks to its position at the heart of a major coalfield, becoming an important industrial centre. It used to be nicknamed the country’s "steel heart" thanks to its status as a coal-mining and metallurgical centre, but since the Velvet Revolution (the fall of communism in 1989) it has undergone radical and far-reaching changes to its economic base. Industries have been thoroughly restructured, and the last coal was mined in the city in 1994. However, the city's industrial past lives on in the Lower Vítkovice area, a former coal-mining, coke production and ironworks complex in the city centre boasting a unique collection of historic industrial architecture. Lower Vítkovice has applied for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Since the 1990s Ostrava
Ostrava
has been transformed into a modern cultural city, with numerous theatres, galleries and other cultural facilities. It hosts a wide range of cultural and sporting events throughout the year. Among the best known are the Colours of Ostrava
Colours of Ostrava
multi-genre music festival, the Janáček May classical music festival, the Summer Shakespeare Festival and NATO Days. Ostrava
Ostrava
is home to two public universities: the VŠB-Technical University and the University of Ostrava. In 2014 Ostrava
Ostrava
was a European City of Sport. The city co-hosted (with Prague) the IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship in 2004 and 2015.

Contents

1 Symbols and logo

1.1 Coat of arms 1.2 Marketing logo

2 History

2.1 Key dates in Ostrava’s history

3 Geography 4 Administrative division of the city 5 Mayors of Ostrava 6 Authorities and institutions

6.1 Authorities 6.2 Judicial institutions 6.3 Other institutions

7 Transport 8 Environment 9 Culture, art, architecture

9.1 Culture and art 9.2 Architecture 9.3 Museums 9.4 Churches

10 Tourist attractions 11 Education

11.1 Secondary schools 11.2 Higher vocational colleges 11.3 Universities 11.4 Schools teaching in foreign languages

12 Sport in Ostrava 13 Notes 14 External links

Symbols and logo[edit]

A sculpture of the city’s horse emblem outside the New City Hall

Coat of arms[edit] The city’s coat of arms features a blue shield with a rearing silver horse standing on a green lawn. The horse wears a golden saddle and a red coverlet. At the top right of the shield there is a golden rose with green leaves and a red core. The horse in the coat-of-arms wears no bridle. The oldest known depiction of this coat-of-arms is on a seal dating from 1426. The first coloured version dates from 1728. The horse is often interpreted as a symbol of Ostrava’s position on a major trade route, or as a figure taken from the coat-of-arms of Ostrava’s first vogt (reeve), while the golden rose probably comes from the family coat-of-arms of the bishop of Olomouc
Olomouc
Stanislav Thurzo. This explanation is supported by most modern literature. Another (somewhat more fanciful) theory states that the Bishop granted Ostrava
Ostrava
the right to use the horse in its coat-of-arms out of gratitude for the assistance that the town provided to the people of the Bishop’s estate in Hukvaldy
Hukvaldy
when the estate was being looted and pillaged. Apparently the help came so quickly that the pillagers did not have time to attach bridles to their horses before making their escape. There is also a legend which tells of a siege of Ostrava during which the besieged townspeople released unbridled horses to run in circles around the town. This is said to have confused the attacking armies so much that they fled. Marketing logo[edit] In 2008, Ostrava’s new marketing logo was unveiled. Designed by Studio Najbrt, the logo “OSTRAVA!!!” is used in public presentations of the city both in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and abroad. The three exclamation marks are meant to symbolise the dynamism, energy and self-confidence of Ostrava
Ostrava
and its people. The light blue colour of the city’s name is based on the heraldic tradition, while the exclamation marks are a contrasting darker blue. The logo is intended to be striking, provocative and above all memorable. History[edit] The first written mention of Silesian Ostrava
Ostrava
(Slezská Ostrava) dates from 1229, when it was described as a settlement. The first mention of Moravian Ostrava
Ostrava
(Moravská Ostrava) describes it as a township (1267). Ostrava
Ostrava
grew up on the banks of the Ostrá River (now the Ostravice), from which it took its name. This river still divides the city into two main parts: Moravian Ostrava
Ostrava
(Moravská Ostrava) and Silesian Ostrava
Ostrava
(Slezská Ostrava). The settlement occupied a strategic position on the border between two historical provinces ( Moravia
Moravia
and Silesia) and on the ancient trade route from the Baltic to the Adriatic
Adriatic
known as the Amber Road. This location helped the town to grow and flourish. However, Ostrava
Ostrava
began to decline in importance after the Thirty Years’ War, when it was occupied by Swedish forces in 1621–1645. A turning point in Ostrava’s history came in 1763 with the discovery of extensive deposits of high-quality bituminous coal on the Silesian bank of the Ostravice River. In 1828 the owner of the local estates, Archbishop Rudolf Jan of Olomouc, established an ironworks, known after him as the Rudolfshütte. Later the ironworks passed into the ownership of the Rothschild family, and became known as the Vítkovice Ironworks. This company became the driving force behind Ostrava’s industrial boom. By the second half of the 20th century the city was nicknamed the country’s “steel heart”. After the Second World War and Ostrava’s liberation by the Red Army, the city entered its greatest period of expansion. Initially the new housing projects were on a relatively small scale, focused on the Poruba district (featuring distinctive architecture in the style of Socialist Realism). Later the authorities built larger-scale developments of prefabricated apartment blocks in Poruba and created a series of satellite estates to the south of the city (Ostrava-Jih). The city centre was gradually depopulated and people were moved out to the suburbs. This was part of a grand plan to destroy the city centre entirely and turn the land over to coalmining. The 1990s brought a rapid decline in the city’s traditional industrial sectors: iron, steel, chemicals and coal-mining. The last coal was mined on 30 June 1994. This was accompanied by major investments to rectify ecological damage done by decades of heavy industry. These projects ultimately brought major improvements in the city’s environment and quality of life. Ostrava
Ostrava
became an important tourist centre, offering easy access to the nearby Jeseníky and Beskydy Mountains. As well as hundreds of hectares of recultivated former mining land, the city also has numerous natural landscape features of interest, many of which are protected nature reserves. These include the Polanka Forest (Polanský les) and the Polanka Meadows (Polanská niva), both of which form part of the Poodří (Odra Basin) protected nature reserve. A rare geological feature found within the city are the granite erratic boulders – originally from Scandinavia, they were left behind after the last Ice Age when the ice sheets retreated. Another unique feature is the Ema slag-heap, an artificial hill made of mining waste (slag) which offers panoramic views. The waste is still burning deep beneath the surface, giving the slag-heap its own microclimate. Key dates in Ostrava’s history[edit] Main page: Draft:Timeline of Ostrava Geography[edit] Ostrava
Ostrava
is situated at the meeting point of four rivers: the Odra, Opava, Ostravice and Lučina. Thanks to its location in a broad river basin known as the Moravian Gate, Ostrava
Ostrava
is mostly low-lying (highest point 210 m above sea level), and has a Central European climate with typical flora and fauna. It differs from most neighbouring regions by the high concentration of industry, dense population and the geographical conditions of the Ostrava
Ostrava
basin. The climate features hot, humid summers and relatively mild winters, with an average annual temperature of 10.2 °C (January: -1.2 °C, July: 23.5 °C) and average annual precipitation of 580 mm. Ostrava
Ostrava
is 20.5 km across (as the crow flies) from north to south (Antošovice–Nová Bělá), and 20.1 km across from east to west (Bartovice–Krásné Pole). The total length of the city’s road network is 828 km (514 mi). Administrative division of the city[edit]

Municipal Districts of Ostrava

Cadastral Districts of Ostrava

The city, with a total area of 214 km2, is divided into 23 Municipal Districts. On 14 September 1990 Ostrava’s City Authority decided to divide the city into 22 districts, effective from 24 November that year. On 1 January 1994 the district of Plesná
Plesná
broke away from the Poruba district to become the youngest Municipal District. Some of the Municipal Districts are further subdivided into smaller units. Mayors of Ostrava[edit]

Jan Prokeš

The first mayor of Moravian Ostrava
Ostrava
– and the last person to hold the office during the pre-1918 era, when the Czech Lands
Czech Lands
were part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy – was Hermann Zwierzina. One of the most influential mayors in the city’s history was Jan Prokeš. He was one of the main driving forces behind Ostrava’s rapid expansion and helped to modernize its infrastructure. His achievements are commemorated in the name of the square outside the New City Hall – Prokeš Square (Prokešovo náměstí). The city’s mayor during the Nazi occupation – Emil Beier – amalgamated Moravian Ostrava
Ostrava
and Silesian Ostrava
Ostrava
to form a single administrative unit. Post-war mayors of note include Zdeněk Kupka, Evžen Tošenovský (who was elected mayor for three successive terms from 1993 to 2001, and later went on to become the President of the Moravian-Silesian Region), and Petr Kajnar (who helped to develop the industrial zones in Hrabová and Mošnov which created over 9,000 new jobs by 2014). The current mayor, elected to the office in 2014 6. November, is Tomáš Macura. Authorities and institutions[edit] Authorities[edit] Moravian-Silesian Region
Moravian-Silesian Region
Ostrava
Ostrava
Job Centre Ostrava
Ostrava
Cadastral Office (land registry) Office for Government Representation in Property Affairs – Ostrava
Ostrava
branch Customs Administration – Moravian-Silesian Region
Moravian-Silesian Region
Financial Directorate – Moravian-Silesian Region (tax authority) Czech Statistical Office – Ostrava
Ostrava
District Social Security Authority Judicial institutions[edit] Ostrava’s Regional Court is based in a historic building on the Ostravice embankment (Havlíčkovo nábřeží) in the city centre. Its jurisdiction extends to the whole of the Moravian-Silesian Region. The District Court is based in a new building on U Soudu St. in the Municipal District of Poruba. Its jurisdiction covers the territory of the City of Ostrava. The district courts of Ostrava
Ostrava
and Brno
Brno
are the largest in the country in terms of the number of judges.[1] In addition to these courts Ostrava
Ostrava
is also home to regional and district Public Prosecutor’s Offices, as well as a branch of the Olomouc-based Supreme Public Prosecutor’s Office. Other institutions[edit] Regional Public Health Authority, Ostrava
Ostrava
National Heritage Institute, Ostrava Transport[edit]

Ostrava's main railway station at night

Ostrava
Ostrava
is the natural transport and logistics hub of the north-eastern part of the Czech Republic. 25 km (16 mi) south of the city centre is an international airport – Leoš Janáček Airport Ostrava
Ostrava
– which links the city with several European destinations (IATA code: OSR; ICAO code: LKMT). It is the first airport in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
to have its own rail link. It handles scheduled flights several times a week to Prague, Paris, London
London
and Düsseldorf. In the summer season there are also numerous charter flights, mainly to destinations in the Mediterranean region. The road infrastructure of the region is centred on the D1 motorway, which runs from Prague
Prague
via Brno
Brno
and Ostrava
Ostrava
into Poland. Ostrava
Ostrava
is 360 km (220 mi) from Prague
Prague
by motorway, 170 km (110 mi) from Brno, 90 km (56 mi) from the Polish city of Katowice, and 310 km (190 mi) from Vienna. Other major roads are Class I roads 11, 56, 58, and 59, as well as the E75 and E462 trans-European routes. Ostrava
Ostrava
is also a major railway hub, sited on Railway Corridors II and III and serving as an important centre for cargo and passenger transport between the Czech Republic, Poland
Poland
and Slovakia. The city’s largest railway stations are the main station (Ostrava-hlavní nádraží) and Ostrava-Svinov. These stations are important railway junctions. All trains of all three railway companies (Czech railways, RegioJet
RegioJet
and LEO Express) call at Ostava on trains to Olomouc, Pardubice
Pardubice
and Prague.

Ostrava
Ostrava
trams in their traditional blue and white livery at the “Nová Ves vodárna” stop

The city also has a dense public transport network consisting of trams, buses and trolleybuses. Trams
Trams
were introduced in 1894. The first trams were powered by steam engines. The network was rapidly expanded, and in 1901 it was electrified. New tram lines were built mainly to the south and east of the city centre, where they would not have to cross the narrow-gauge railways linking Ostrava
Ostrava
with Karviná and Bohumín. In 1934 the railway line in Vítkovice (operated by the Vítkovice Ironworks
Ironworks
company) was also electrified. In the late 1940s and early 1950s the various companies providing tram services in Ostrava
Ostrava
were merged to create the Ostrava
Ostrava
City Public Transport Corporation (Dopravní podnik města Ostravy). In the communist era new tram lines were built to link the central parts of the city with the new satellite estates (Poruba) and factories (Nová Huť). After the Velvet Revolution
Velvet Revolution
in 1989 most tram-building projects were stopped, though a new section running along Místecká Road was opened in the late 1990s. Currently Ostrava’s trams rank among the best-equipped and most modern in the Czech Republic. Trolleybuses
Trolleybuses
were introduced in 1952, as in other Czech towns and cities after the Second World War. Initially there was one trolleybus route which encircled the city centre. The network was gradually expanded in the 1950s and 60s, replacing the narrow-gauge railways. A route to the Fifejdy housing estate was built in the late 1970s. The last expansion of the trolleybus network came in the mid-1990s, when a route was built out to the suburb of Koblov. 17 tram lines currently operate in Ostrava. There are 52 bus lines and 14 trolleybus lines.[2] There are plans to link the Odra River in Ostrava
Ostrava
to the proposed canal connecting the Danube
Danube
with the Odra (Oder) and Labe (Elbe).[3] Environment[edit]

The Ostravice River

Ostrava’s high concentration of heavy industry means that the city faces certain environmental problems, particularly in relation to air quality. Measurements performed by the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute show that levels of atmospheric benzopyrene and dust particles rank among the highest in the country. Although Ostrava
Ostrava
still has to contend with environmental issues, much progress has been made and continues to be made – not least thanks to the implementation of strict environmental requirements by ArcelorMittal, one of the biggest polluters in the region. In 2015 ArcelorMittal implemented 13 major ecological investment projects worth CZK 3 billion. One new installation filters out 61 tonnes of dust per year. The City of Ostrava
Ostrava
is also involved in a range of projects focusing on environmental improvements. These include the special web portal www.zdravaova.cz, which enables citizens to monitor current air quality indicators, and a project funding short “health breaks” for children from high-risk areas. One of the most pressing environmental problems currently facing the city concerns the oil lagoons at the site of the former Ostramo chemical plant. In 1996 the Czech government took control of the site and drew up plans for a cleanup. The state-owned company Diamo was created to implement these plans. The situation has recently been the subject of government-level discussions, and the Finance Minister Andrej Babiš visited Ostrava
Ostrava
in March 2015. The situation is currently under review by the Ministry of Finance, which is drawing up conceptual documentation and will then announce a public tender for the cleanup work. Presently air condition in Ostrava
Ostrava
is very poor. Concentrations of benzopyrene are quite high [1]. It creates issues not only for Ostrava itself. The situation is so serious, that even have mirrored in folklore (local people say "Černá Ostrava" and have several songs about it). Culture, art, architecture[edit]

Inside the Antonín Dvořák
Antonín Dvořák
Theatre

Culture and art[edit] Ostrava
Ostrava
has four permanent theatres. The National Moravian-Silesian Theatre has two venues (the Antonín Dvořák
Antonín Dvořák
Theatre and the Jiří Myron Theatre). There is also the Petr Bezruč Theatre, the Aréna Chamber Theatre and the Ostrava
Ostrava
Puppet Theatre – which hosts the international Spectaculo Interesse festival every odd-numbered year and the Theatre Without Barriers festival every even-numbered year.

Colours of Ostrava

Ostrava
Ostrava
has a rich musical life, featuring the internationally renowned Janáček Philharmonic Orchestra. The city hosts a number of international annual or biennial classical music festivals, including Janáček May, the St Wenceslas Music Festival and the Ostrava
Ostrava
Days new music festival. Since 2002 Ostrava
Ostrava
has been the venue for the annual multi-genre music festival Colours of Ostrava, which brings globally renowned performers to the city along with tens of thousands of visitors from all over the World. Other major international events in Ostrava’s cultural calendar include the film and theatre festivals One World, Ostrava
Ostrava
Camera Eye ( Ostrava
Ostrava
Kamera Oko), the International Outdoor Films Festival, and the Summer Shakespeare Festival (held on an outdoor stage at the Silesian Ostrava
Ostrava
Castle). Folklore festivals include the ‘Harmony’ (Souznění) international festival of Advent and Christmas traditions and crafts, Folklore Without Borders, and the Irish Cultural Festival. Ostrava
Ostrava
also has a plethora of museums and galleries. The Ostrava
Ostrava
City Museum, located in the beautiful 16th-century old city hall building on the main central square, offers permanent exhibitions on the city’s history, landscape and people. The Ostrava
Ostrava
Science and Technology Centre is a fun and interactive attraction where visitors can lean all about the fascinating world of technology. Highlights include simulators where visitors can drive a train, fly a plane, or try their hand at being a steelworker, an astronaut, or even Captain Nemo
Captain Nemo
– helping people of all ages understand the complex principles of science in an entertaining and accessible way. The Science and Technology Centre comprises two parts: the Small World of Technology, and the Large World of Technology (14,000 m2), where visitors can explore four different “worlds” in one building. Ostrava’s Toy Museum offers rare exhibits from over 60 countries, including some toys from the mid-19th century.

Ostrava
Ostrava
Puppet Theatre

At the Railway Museum there are model trains, and a collection of original documents from the period of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Visitors to the Brewery Museum will learn all about the history and technology of brewing – followed up by a tasting session after the tour. The Firefighting Museum is in a Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
(Secession) building in Ostrava’s Přívoz
Přívoz
district that used to be a fire station. The exhibition includes a video showing firefighting techniques. The Keltička’s Forge Museum used to be the home of a blacksmith named Keltička (commemorated in a small memorial outside the building). According to the local legend it was he who first discovered Ostrava’s rich coal deposits. The museum maps the early beginnings of Ostrava’s coal mining industry, including a collection of miners’ helmets and lamps from the 17th century and a range of other fascinating exhibits. The Professor F. Pošepný Geology Pavilion includes over 15,000 exhibits of minerals, rocks and fossils. Ostrava’s proud tradition of mining makes it the ideal place for one of the country’s foremost geology collections. The House of Art (Dům umění) is one of Ostrava’s architectural gems from the early 20th century. Thanks to the high quality and variety of its collections, it ranks among one of the Czech Republic’s top five galleries. The PLATO ( Ostrava
Ostrava
City Gallery) does not have its own collections – instead it offers a space for exhibitions showcasing a wide variety of contemporary Czech and international art. Architecture[edit] Much of Ostrava’s architectural heritage is in the city centre, which is a protected heritage zone. The most notable structures in this historic core are theatres, banks, department stores and other public buildings dating from the turn of the 20th century, at the time of Ostrava’s greatest boom. The central Masaryk Square (Masarykovo náměstí), named after the first President of the independent Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
– features the historic old city hall building and a Marian plague column from 1702. A few blocks away is Smetanovo náměstí (Smetana Square), with the Antonín Dvořák Theatre and the Functionalist “Knihcentrum” bookstore. To the west are a series of grand, imposing bank buildings and the Elektra Palace on Nádražní Street, while to the north is the New City Hall with its landmark viewing tower, looking over the wide open space of Prokešovo náměstí. The city centre also has two notable religious buildings – the 13th-century Church of St Wenceslas and the Cathedral of the Holy Saviour, the second largest church in Moravia
Moravia
and Czech Silesia. Many of the buildings in Ostrava’s central district were designed by famous architects such as Karel Kotas, Josef Gočár, Ernst Korner and Alexander Graf. Poruba is a large district of Ostrava
Ostrava
in the western part of the conurbation, renowned for its distinctive 1950s architecture in a style which was known as Socialist Realism. Inspired by the grandiose buildings of Soviet
Soviet
cities, Poruba also incorporates historical pastiche features drawing on ancient, Renaissance and Classicist models. The main entrance to the part of Poruba built at this time is through a grand triumphal arch (in Czech “Oblouk”). Ostrava’s Vítkovice district was the centre of the local iron and steel industry for decades. The influx of workers led the company to build housing for its employees, plus civic amenities, a town hall and a church. The historic parts of the district are built in the company’s distinctive style featuring red-brick façades. Other districts of the city with a distinctive architectural heritage include Přívoz
Přívoz
(with its grand Secession buildings) and the “Jubilee” housing development (Jubilejní kolonie) in Hrabůvka, built as a workers’ housing complex in the 1920s. Museums[edit]

Zither
Zither
Museum – a unique collection featuring examples of this fascinating musical instrument Firefighting Museum Mining Museum at Landek
Landek
Park Mill Museum – mills and milling in the Ostrava
Ostrava
region Keltička’s Forge Museum – permanent exhibition of blacksmithing and coal-mining Michal Colliery museum – National Cultural Monument Ostrava
Ostrava
City Museum Big World of Technique Small World of Technique U6 Gallery of Fine Art in Ostrava
Ostrava
(The House of Art)

Churches[edit]

Lutheran Church of Christ (Ostrava) Church of St Anne (Ostrava) Church of St Bartholomew (Ostrava) Church of St Cyril and Methodius (Ostrava-Pustkovec) Church of St John of Nepomuk
John of Nepomuk
(Ostrava) Church of St James the Greater (Ostrava-Plesná) Church of St Joseph (Slezská Ostrava) Church of St Joseph (Ostrava) Church of St Catherine (Ostrava) Church of Christ the King (Ostrava) Church of St Nicholas (Ostrava) Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (Ostrava-Michálkovice) Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (Ostrava-Třebovice) Church of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary (Ostrava) Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary (Ostrava-Radvanice) Church of the Virgin Mary the Queen (Ostrava) Church of the Virgin Mary the Queen of the Holy Rosary (Ostrava) Church of St Paul (Ostrava) Cathedral of the Holy Saviour (Ostrava) Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary (Ostrava-Přívoz) Church of St Wenceslas (Ostrava)

Tourist attractions[edit]

Masaryk Square

Tourists come to Ostrava
Ostrava
mainly to enjoy the city’s unique industrial atmosphere and heritage or to experience one of the many festivals held here. Particularly popular attractions include the Lower Vítkovice area, the Michal Colliery (now a museum where visitors can experience the authentic environment of a beautifully preserved coal mine) and the Mining Museum at Landek
Landek
Park (set in an area of outstanding natural interest). The city has also developed a new mobile app called The Salomon Code, an adventurous way to learn about Ostrava’s rich history based around the story of Baron Rothschild. Visitors discover numerous unique locations throughout the city in a quest to find a magic amulet. Ostrava
Ostrava
has also become a popular destination for film-makers, attracted to the city by its striking industrial vistas and powerful genius loci.

Ostrava’s New City Hall(Nová radnice) has the tallest tower of any city hall in the Czech Republic, giving visitors a panoramic bird’s eye view of the city from the viewing platform 73 metres above the ground. Guides point out local landmarks and tell visitors about the city’s past and present. Tours are every 30 minutes.

Comenius Gardens (Komenského sady) is a park named after the great Renaissance-era Czech writer and educator Jan Amos Comenius. This is an oasis of calm in the heart of the city – with yoga sessions, joggers, picnickers, and a statue honouring the Soviet
Soviet
soldiers who liberated Ostrava
Ostrava
in 1945. This is a place to stroll along the riverbank and then pause for a coffee at the riverside café before seeing more of Ostrava’s sights. The Miniuni World of Miniatures is a unique attraction at the Black Meadow (Černá Louka) exhibition grounds, including miniature versions of some of the world’s most famous buildings. It includes models of the Pyramids, Eiffel Tower, and Big Ben. The fairytale clock at Ostrava’s Puppet Theatre features figurines which perform a show at two-hour intervals from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. The performance lasts two minutes. It depicts a battle between Kasper the clown and the Grim Reaper, and it also features four other characters – an angel, a king, a queen, and a devil. The best time to see this wonderful illuminated clock is in the evening. The Silesian Ostrava Castle
Silesian Ostrava Castle
once stood on higher ground, but during its long history it has sunk by 16 metres due to mine tunnels collapsing underneath it. It is not far from Ostrava’s central Masaryk Square, at the point where the Lučina and Ostravice rivers meet. The castle is a popular venue for events throughout the year – including the summer Shakespeare festival and a range of fun events for children and families. Stodolní Street is Ostrava’s legendary entertainment district, with more than 60 bars, clubs, restaurants and cafés offering a huge range of food and drink plus music of all genres. Masaryk Square (Masarykovo náměstí) is at the heart of Ostrava’s historical centre and has a plague column with a figure of the Virgin Mary (1702) and a Baroque
Baroque
statue of St Florian – the patron of firefighters. There is a series of commemorative paving stones that starts outside the Laso shopping mall. There is also the Schönhof building – nicknamed “the house with seven doors”, or the Reisz building designed by the noted Viennese architect Wunibald Deininger. The Karolina “Triple Hall” (Trojhalí) is a unique urban space located next to the Forum Nová Karolina shopping mall. These large historic buildings – formerly part of the Karolina coking plant – have been transformed by the architect Josef Pleskot
Josef Pleskot
into a new venue for sports, entertainment and culture. Ostrava’s zoo is the second largest zoo in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and home to more than 400 different species of animals. It offers modern exhibitions, new animal houses, evening tours, public feeding sessions, and cross-country skiing in winter. In 2014 a new safari park was built, and in 2015 the zoo opened a new pavilion illustrating the process of evolution. Lower Vítkovice is a unique industrial world in the very heart of the city. It preserves an historic blast furnace and has a glass elevator to the newly built viewing platform at the top for panoramic views of Ostrava
Ostrava
and the surrounding countryside. There are guided tours describing Vítkovice’s history from its early beginnings (when the ironworks were owned by the Rothschild family) until the present day. Visitors can go inside the blast furnace, and visit the former power station, compressor hall and coal mine. The former gas holder has been completely transformed into a multi-functional hall called the Gong. Ostrava’s new Science and Technology Centre is an interactive attraction for all the family. The Ostrava
Ostrava
Science and Technology Centre is an interactive attraction where visitors can lean all about the world of technology. Highlights include simulators where visitors can drive a train, fly a plane, or try their hand at being a steelworker, an astronaut, or even Captain Nemo. It helps people of all ages understand the complex principles of science in an entertaining and accessible way. The Science and Technology Centre comprises two parts: the Small World of Technology, and the Large World of Technology (14,000 m2), where visitors can explore four different “worlds” in one building. The Michal Colliery presents Ostrava’s history of mining at this preserved former coal mine. The guided tour leads along the same route taken by the miners when they started their shift. There is an unique chain-system changing room, bathrooms, a dispatch centre, and power station. It is not possible for visitors to go underground at Michal Colliery. They can do that at Ostrava’s other mining museum at Landek
Landek
Park. Landek
Landek
Park – Mining Museum offers tours of the former Anselm coal mine with a guide who was a miner there. The tour includes a descent into a simulated mine tunnel – giving a real sense of the noise and atmosphere of a working colliery. There is also a restaurant where visitors can sample authentic miners’ specialities. The green-marked hiking path leads to Ostrava’s Planetarium. Ema slag-heap, on the right bank of the Ostravice River, is an artificial hill created by piling up slag, or waste material from coal mines. Its top is 315 metres (1,033 ft) above sea level. It has its own unique subtropical climate because the waste material is still burning deep beneath the surface. White smoke comes out of tcracks in the ground. Snow never settles here, and flowers grow all year round. The yellow-marked hiking path to leads to the top, which gives panoramic views of the city. Education[edit]

Heyrovský Secondary Industrial School and High School

VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava

VŠB- Technical University of Ostrava
Technical University of Ostrava
– Ceremonial Hall

Secondary schools[edit]

1st International School of Ostrava Diocese High School, Ostrava Episcopal Grammar School EDUCAnet Private High School, Ostrava Hladnov High School Olga Havlová
Olga Havlová
High School Ostrava-Hrabůvka High School Ostrava-Zábřeh High School Janáček Conservatory and High School, Ostrava Pavel Tigrid
Pavel Tigrid
Foreign Languages High School Matiční High School, Ostrava Business Academy and Higher Social Care Vocational College, Ostrava-Mariánské Hory Business Academy, Ostrava-Poruba Private Business Academy, Ostrava Dana and Emil Zátopek
Emil Zátopek
Sports High School Secondary Transport Vocational School and Secondary Apprentice College, Ostrava-Vítkovice Secondary Waldorf Vocational School, Ostrava Secondary Industrial School for Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Ostrava Heyrovský Secondary Industrial School and High School Secondary Industrial School, Ostrava-Vítkovice Secondary Civil Engineering Industrial School, Ostrava Secondary Electrical Engineering Industrial School, Ostrava Secondary School, Ostrava-Kunčice Prof. Zdeněk Matějček Secondary School Secondary School for Services and Business, Ostrava-Poruba Secondary Catering School, Ostrava-Hrabůvka Secondary Civil Engineering and Timber Processing School, Ostrava Secondary Teleinformatics School, Ostrava Secondary Art School, Ostrava Secondary Gardening School, Ostrava Secondary Health Care School and Higher Health Care Vocational College, Ostrava Vítkovice Secondary Industrial School and High School Wichterle High School

Higher vocational colleges[edit]

AHOL Higher Vocational College Higher Social Care Vocational College Jan Amos Komenský Higher Vocational College Higher Health Care Vocational College

Universities[edit]

Katowice
Katowice
School of Economics, Ostrava
Ostrava
faculty [4] Newport International University, Ostrava
Ostrava
branch[5] University of Ostrava Paneuropean University, Ostrava
Ostrava
branch VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava Business School Ostrava

Schools teaching in foreign languages[edit]

1st International School of Ostrava Ostrčilova Bilingual School Hello s.r.o. – High School, Primary School and Nursery School Monty School – Primary School and Nursery School Hladnov High School and Language School, Slezská Ostrava Pavel Tigrid
Pavel Tigrid
Foreign Languages High School, Ostrava-Poruba PORG Primary School and High School

Sport in Ostrava[edit]

Vítkovice stadium

Ostrava
Ostrava
is a city with a rich sporting tradition and a long track record of hosting major national and international sports events. The city’s sports fans are widely acknowledged as the most passionate in the country.[citation needed] Ostrava
Ostrava
offers a wide range of sports facilities, and in 2014 the city held the title European City of Sport. Ostrava’s sports venues include athletics facilities, football pitches and stadiums, ice rinks and ice stadiums, multi-purpose sports halls, tennis courts, squash clubs, indoor and outdoor swimming pools, and more. The most important facilities are operated by the City-owned company SAREZA. The company’s outdoor swimming pool in Ostrava-Poruba is the largest facility of its type in Central Europe. Ostrava
Ostrava
is a good location for cycling, with its generally flat terrain and a comprehensive network of well-maintained cycle routes. There are also ample opportunities for leisure and recreation in the surrounding area. The Beskydy and Jeseníky Mountains
Jeseníky Mountains
(about 30 km (19 mi) and 60 km (37 mi) from Ostrava respectively) offer good skiing conditions in the winter season, while from spring to autumn the mountains are popular with hikers, cyclists and anglers. A special “cyclebus” shuttles between Ostrava
Ostrava
and the Beskydy Mountains from May to September, enabling cyclists to transport their bikes on a special trailer. In the winter there is a similar service for skiers – the “skibus”. The Ostrava
Ostrava
region also offers a range of good golf courses, from the Šilheřovice
Šilheřovice
golf club in the grounds of the local château to the courses in Čeladná, Ropice
Ropice
and Ostravice. About 30 km (19 mi) from Ostrava
Ostrava
is a popular golf course in Kravaře. Ostrava
Ostrava
has a long tradition of hosting top-level European and world championships. The Golden Spike international athletics meeting has been held in the city every year since 1961, showcasing the world’s elite athletes. In 2004 and 2015 Ostrava
Ostrava
co-hosted (with Prague) the IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship at its ČEZ Arena – one of the Czech Republic’s top multi-functional sports and events arenas. Major sporting events hosted in Ostrava
Ostrava
include:

1986: Volleyball
Volleyball
Women’s World Championship 1987: World Weightlifting Championship 1990: Men’s Handball World Championship 1992: Bodybuilding European Championship 1993: World Junior Ice Hockey Championship 2001: Men’s European Volleyball
Volleyball
Championship 2003: * UEFA Futsal Championship * World Junior Figure Skating Championship 2004: * UEFA Futsal Championship * World Junior Latin Dance Championship * Ice Hockey World Championship 2005: * UEFA Futsal Championship * World Latin Dance Championship 2006: * Teamgym European Championship * Men’s World Bodybuilding Championship 2007: * First Round, World Group, Davis Cup * IIAF World Youth Championship in Athletics 2008: Men’s World Floorball
Floorball
Championship – group stage 2009: Freestyle Motocross World Championship 2009: U20 European Rugby Championship – Group B 2010: Basketball
Basketball
World Championship for Women 2011: European Athletics U23 Championship 2013: Women’s World Floorball
Floorball
Championship 2015: Davis Cup, Ice Hockey World Championship 2018: IAAF Continental Cup Ostrava
Ostrava
2018

Ostrava
Ostrava
has hosted the Golden Spike international athletics meeting every year since 1961. Ostrava
Ostrava
has a number of top-level sports clubs: FC Baník Ostrava (football), HC Vítkovice Steel
Steel
(ice hockey), NH Ostrava
NH Ostrava
(basketball), 1. SC WOOW Vítkovice and Remedicum Ostrava
Ostrava
(floorball), Arrows Ostrava
Ostrava
(baseball and softball), and VK Ostrava
Ostrava
(volleyball). Notes[edit]

^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2015.  ^ " Ostrava
Ostrava
Public Transportation Website". DPO. 28 November 2016.  ^ "Pruplavni spojeni dunaj odra labe". Ministerstvo pro místni rozvoy ČR. Archived from the original on 2008-01-22.  ^ "Folklorní festival Májová Plesná". Moravskoslezský Kraj.  ^ "Májová Plesná
Plesná
2015". Statutární město Ostrava. 

External links[edit]

Look up ostrava in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ostrava.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ostrava.

(in Czech) Official website (in English) Official website

v t e

Towns and villages of Ostrava-City District

Čavisov Dolní Lhota Horní Lhota Klimkovice Olbramice Ostrava Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí Šenov Václavovice Velká Polom Vratimov Vřesina Zbyslavice

v t e

Cieszyn
Cieszyn
Silesia

Municipalities in the Czech Republic

Albrechtice Bocanovice Bohumín Bruzovice Bukovec Bystřice Český Těšín Chotěbuz Dětmarovice Dolní Domaslavice Dolní Lomná Dolní Lutyně Dolní Tošanovice Dobrá Dobratice Doubrava Havířov Hnojník Horní Bludovice Horní Domaslavice Horní Lomná Horní Suchá Horní Tošanovice Hrádek Hrčava Jablunkov Janovice Kaňovice Karviná Komorní Lhotka Košařiska Krásná Lučina Malenovice Milíkov Morávka Mosty u Jablunkova Návsí Nižní Lhoty Nošovice Nýdek Orlová Pazderna Petrovice u Karviné Petřvald Písečná Písek Pražmo Pržno Raškovice Řeka Řepiště Ropice Rychvald Sedliště Šenov Smilovice Soběšovice Staré Město Stonava Střítež Těrlicko Třanovice Třinec Václavovice Vělopolí Vendryně Vojkovice Vratimov Vyšní Lhoty Žermanice

partially in the region:

Baška Frýdek-Místek Ostrava Staré Hamry

Municipalities in Poland

Bąków Bażanowice Bielowicko Biery Bładnice Brenna Bronów Brzezówka Chybie Cieszyn Cisownica Czechowice-Dziedzice Dębowiec Drogomyśl Dzięgielów Frelichów Godziszów Goleszów Górki Małe Górki Wielkie Grodziec Gumna Harbutowice Hażlach Iłownica Iskrzyczyn Istebna Jasienica Jaworze Jaworzynka Kaczyce Kiczyce Kisielów Kończyce Małe Kończyce Wielkie Koniaków Kostkowice Kowale Kozakowice Łączka Landek Łazy Leszna Górna Ligota Marklowice Górne Mazańcowice Międzyrzecze Dolne Międzyrzecze Górne Międzyświeć Mnich Ochaby Ogrodzona Pierściec Pogórze Pogwizdów Pruchna Puńców Roztropice Rudnik Rudzica Simoradz Skoczów Strumień Świętoszówka Ustroń Wieszczęta Wilamowice Wiślica Wisła Zabłocie Zaborze Zabrzeg Zamarski Zarzecze Zbytków Zebrzydowice

partially in the region:

Bielsko-Biała Bystra

Related articles

Cieszyn
Cieszyn
Silesia
Silesia
Euroregion Cieszyn
Cieszyn
Silesian dialect Duchy of Teschen Olza (river) Zaolzie

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Administrative seats of Czech regions

Brno České Budějovice Hradec Králové Jihlava Karlovy Vary Liberec Ostrava Olomouc Pardubice Plzeň Prague Ústí nad Labem Zlín

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 244975487 GND: 4044095-3 BNF:

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