OROMIA (spelled OROMIYAA in the
Oromo language ;
Oromia includes the former
Arsi Province along with portions of the
former Bale ,
Hararghe , Illubabor , Kaffa ,
Shewa , Sidamo , and
Welega provinces. Important cities and towns included in Oromia are:
Adama , Ambo ,
Bishoftu , Chiro ,
* 1 History
* 2 Demographics
* 2.1 Ethnic groups
* 2.2 Religion
* 2.2.1 Religion in entire region * 2.2.2 Religion in urban areas
* 2.3 Languages
* 3 Economy * 4 Presidents of the Executive Committee * 5 Administrative zones * 6 See also * 7 References
* 8 External links
* 8.1 Media
Before 2000, the regional capital of Oromia was
On 10 June 2005, the Oromo People\'s Democratic Organization , part of the ruling coalition, officially announced plans to move the state capital back to Finfinne.
Oromia shares a boundary with almost every region of
On 5 August 2016 protests broke out across
Based on the 2007 census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency
In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the region's population was reported to be 17,088,136; urban inhabitants number 621,210 or 14% of the population.
According to the CSA, as of 2004 , 32% of the population had access to safe drinking water , of whom 23.7% were rural inhabitants and 91.03% were urban. Values for other reported common indicators of the standard of living for Oromia as of 2005 include the following: 19.9% of the inhabitants fall into the lowest wealth quintile; adult literacy for men is 61.5% and for women 29.5%; and the regional infant mortality rate is 76 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, which is about the same as the nationwide average of 77; at least half of these deaths occurred in the infants' first month of life.
ETHNIC GROUP 1994 CENSUS 2007 CENSUS
Oromo 85% 87.8%
Amhara 9.1% 7.22%
other ethnic groups 4.6% 4%
Figures of full ethnic background are disputed, since many ethnically mixed Ethiopians are difficult to categorize. Particularly, Shewa Oromos and urban Oromos are known to have assimilated with ethnic Amhara and others, while southwestern Oromos have mixed with the Sidama and other ethnicities. The census and the general system of governance has remained controversial and related to the politics of the country. For instance, mixed Ethiopians with an Oromo father and Amhara mother are registered into the census using only their father's ethnic label. Similarly, Ethiopians with an Amhara father (or from another ethnic background) and Oromo mother are registered using only their father's ethnic label.
Religion In Entire Region
RELIGION 1994 CENSUS 2007 CENSUS
Muslim 44.3% 47.6%
Orthodox Christians 41.3% 30.4%
Protestant Christians 8.6% 17.7%
traditional religions 4.2% 3.3%
other religious groups 1.6% 1%
Religion In Urban Areas
RELIGION 1994 CENSUS 2007 CENSUS
Orthodox Christians 67.8% 51.2%
Muslim 24.0% 29.9%
Protestant Christians 7% 17.5%
other religious groups – 1.5%
Oromo (afaan oromoo), which is written with Latin characters, is the
most commonly spoken language, spoken by 83.5% of the population.
Other major languages are
The CSA reported that for 2004–2005 115,083 tons of coffee were produced in Oromia, based on inspection records from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea Authority. This represents 50.7% of the total production in Ethiopia. Farmers in the Region had an estimated total of 17,214,540 cattle (representing 44.4% of Ethiopia's total cattle), 6,905,370 sheep (39.6), 4,849,060 goats (37.4%), 959,710 horses (63.25%), 63,460 mules (43.1%), 278,440 asses (11.1%), 139,830 camels (30.6%), 11,637,070 poultry of all species (37.7%), and 2,513,790 beehives (57.73%).
According to a March 2003 World Bank publication, the average rural household has 1.14 hectares of land compared to the national average of 1.01 hectares, 24% of the population is in non-farm related jobs compared to the national average of 25%.
PRESIDENTS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
* Hassan Ali (1992? – 1995) * Kuma Demeksa (OPDO ) (1995 – 24 July 2001) * Junedin Sado (28 October 2001 – 6 October 2005) * Abadula Gemeda (6 October 2005 – September 2010) * Alemayehu Atomsa OPDO (September 2010 – Feb 2014) * Muktar Kedir OPDO (March 2014 – 2016) * Lamma magarsa June 2016
The Oromia is subdivided into 20 administrative zones:
* Arsi * Bale * Borena * East Hararghe * East Shewa * East Welega * Guji * West Guji * Horo Gudru Welega * Illubabor * Jimma * Kelem Welega * North Shewa * South West Shewa * West Arsi * West Hararghe * West Shewa * West Welega * Adama (special zone) * Jimma (special zone) * Oromia-Finfinne (special zone)
* ^ "FDRE States: Basic Information, Oromia". The Federal
Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
* ^ 2011 National Statistics (accessed 7 May 2012).
* ^ Trimingham, J. Islam in Ethiopia. Routledge. p. 58. Retrieved 9
* ^ A B Richard Pankhurst The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in
Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century.
The Red Sea Press (1997) pp. 35–300
* ^ A B Paul Trevor William Baxter, Jan Hultin, Alessandro Triulzi.
Being and Becoming Oromo: Historical and Anthropological Enquiries.
Nordic Africa Institute (1996) pp. 253–256
* ^ Hameso, Seyoum and Tilahun Ayanou Nebo (2000). "Ethiopia: A New
Sidama Concern. Retrieved 25 February 2006.
* ^ Mosisa, Abraham T. (13 January 2004). "Letter to U.N.
Secretary-General". Oromo Studies Association. Retrieved 25 February
* ^ "Nazareth Selected as Oromiya\'s Capital". Walta Information
Center . 13 July 2000. Retrieved 25 February 2006.
* ^ "Chief Administrator of Oromia says decision to move capital
city based on study". Walta Information Center. 11 June 2005. Archived
from the original on 13 June 2005. Retrieved 25 February 2006. CS1
maint: Unfit url (link )
* ^ "Somali-Oromo border referendum of December 2004", Internal
Displacement Monitoring Centre website (accessed 11 February 2009)
* ^ "Regional Overview: Oromiya Region", Focus on