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Coordinates: 41°07′01″N 20°48′06″E / 41.11694°N 20.80167°E / 41.11694; 20.80167

Ohrid Охрид

Ohrid
Ohrid
and Lake Ohrid

Nickname(s): Balkan Jerusalem[1] Macedonian Jerusalem[2] European Jerusalem[3]

Ohrid

Location in Macedonia

Coordinates: 41°07′01″N 20°48′06″E / 41.11694°N 20.80167°E / 41.11694; 20.80167

UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site

Official name Historic Centre of Ohrid

Type Cultural

UNESCO
UNESCO
Region Europe and North America

Country  Macedonia

Municipality Ohrid
Ohrid
Municipality

Government

 • Mayor Jovan Stojanoski (SDSM)

Area

 • Total 383.93 km2 (148.24 sq mi)

Elevation 695 m (2,280 ft)

Population (2002)

 • Total 42,033

 • Density 142.97/km2 (370.3/sq mi)

Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Postal codes 6000

Area code(s) 389 46

Climate Cfb

Patron saints Saint Clement and Saint Naum

Ohrid
Ohrid
(/ɒx.rid/, Macedonian: Охрид [ˈɔxrid] ( listen)) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia and the seat of Ohrid
Ohrid
Municipality. It is the largest city on Lake Ohrid
Ohrid
and the eighth-largest city in the country, with over 42,000 inhabitants as of 2002. Ohrid
Ohrid
is notable for once having had 365 churches, one for each day of the year, and has been referred to as a "Jerusalem (of the Balkans)".[2][4] The city is rich in picturesque houses and monuments, and tourism is predominant. It is located southwest of Skopje, west of Resen and Bitola. In 1979 and in 1980 respectively, Ohrid
Ohrid
and Lake Ohrid
Lake Ohrid
were accepted as Cultural and Natural World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Ohrid
Ohrid
is one of only 28 sites that are part of UNESCO's World Heritage that are Cultural as well as Natural sites.[5]

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Ancient 2.2 Medieval 2.3 Modern

3 Geography and climate 4 Demographics 5 Main sights 6 Transportation 7 Sports 8 Recurring events 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

10 Gallery 11 See also 12 Notes 13 External links

Name[edit] See also: Names of European cities in different languages: M-P § O

Ohrid
Ohrid
by night. The ancient name of the city was Lychnidos, which probably means "city of light"

In antiquity the city was known under the ancient Greek: Λυχνίς (Lychnis) and Latin: Lychnidus,[6] probably meaning "city of light", from Greek λυχνίς (lychnis, gen. lychnidos), "a precious stone that emits light",[7] from λύχνος (lychnos), "lamp, portable light".[8] By 879 AD, the town was no longer called Lychnidos but was referred to by the assimilated native people as Ohrid, possibly from the Slavic words vo hrid, meaning "on the hill", as the ancient town of Lychnidos was at the top of the hill.[9][10] In Macedonian and the other South Slavic languages, the name of the city is Ohrid (Охрид). In Albanian, the city is known as Ohër or Ohri and in modern Greek Ochrida (Οχρίδα, Ωχρίδα) and Achrida (Αχρίδα). History[edit] Ancient[edit]

Distribution of cities in antiquity in the border of southern Illyria with Greeks and Thracians

The earliest inhabitants of the widest Lake Ohrid
Lake Ohrid
region were the Enchele, an Illyrian tribe[11] and the Dassaretae, an ancient Greek tribe based further East in the region of Lynkestis.[12][13] According to recent excavations this was a town way back at the time of king Phillip II of Macedon.[14] They conclude that Samuil's Fortress
Samuil's Fortress
was built on the place of an earlier fortification, dated to 4th century BC.[14] During the Roman conquests, towards the end of 3rd and the beginning of 2nd century BC, the Dassaretae
Dassaretae
and the region Dassaretia were mentioned, as well as the ancient Greek city of Lychnidos (Greek: Λυχνιδός).[15] The existence of the ancient Greek city of Lychnidos is linked to the Greek myth of the Phoenician prince Cadmus who, banished from Thebes, in Boeotia, fled to the Enchele [16] and founded the town of Lychnidos on the shores of the modern Lake Ohrid.[17] The Lake of Ohrid, the ancient Greek Lacus Lychnitis (Greek: Λυχνίτις), whose blue and exceedingly transparent waters in antiquity gave to the lake its Greek name; it was still called so occasionally in the Middle Ages. It was located along the Via Egnatia, which connected the Adriatic
Adriatic
port Dyrrachion (present-day Durrës) with Byzantium. Archaeological excavations (e.g., the Polyconch Basilica
Basilica
from 5th century) prove early adoption of Christianity in the area. Bishops from Lychnidos participated in multiple ecumenical councils. Medieval[edit]

Floor mosaic in the Polyconch Basilica

The Annunciation from Ohrid, one of the most admired icons of the Paleologan Mannerism from the Church of St. Climent.

The South Slavs
South Slavs
began to arrive in the area during the 6th century AD. By the early 7th century it was colonized by a Slavic tribe known as the Berziti. Bulgaria
Bulgaria
conquered the city ca 840.[18] The name Ohrid first appeared in 879. The Ohrid Literary School
Ohrid Literary School
established in 886 by Clement of Ohrid
Clement of Ohrid
became one of the two major cultural centres of the First Bulgarian Empire. Between 990 and 1015, Ohrid
Ohrid
was the capital and stronghold of the Bulgarian Empire.[19] From 990 to 1018 Ohrid
Ohrid
was also the seat of the Bulgarian Patriarchate.[20] After the Byzantine reconquest of the city in 1018 by Basil II, the Bulgarian Patriarchate was downgraded to an Archbishopric of Ohrid, and placed under the authority of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. The higher clergy after 1018 was almost invariably Greek, including during the period of Ottoman domination, until the abolition of the archbishopric in 1767. At the beginning of the 16th century the archbishopric reached its peak subordinating the Sofia, Vidin, Vlach and Moldavian eparchies, part of the former medieval Serbian Patriarchate of Peć, (including Patriarchal Monastery of Peć itself), and even the Orthodox districts of Italy (Apulia, Calabria and Sicily), Venice
Venice
and Dalmatia. As an episcopal city, Ohrid
Ohrid
was a cultural center of great importance for the Balkans. Almost all surviving churches were built by the Byzantines and by the Bulgarians, the rest of them date back to the short time of Serbian rule during the late Middle Ages.[21] Bohemond leading a Norman army took the city in 1083. Byzantines regained it in 1085. In the 13th and 14th century the city changed hands between the Despotate of Epirus, the Bulgarian, the Byzantine and the Serbian Empire
Serbian Empire
and local Albanian rulers. In the middle of the 13th century Ohrid
Ohrid
was one of the cities ruled by Pal Gropa, a member of the Albanian noble Gropa family.[22] In 1334 the city was captured by Stefan Uroš IV Dušan
Stefan Uroš IV Dušan
and incorporated in the Serbian Empire.[23] After Dusan's death the city came under the control of Andrea Gropa, while after his death Prince Marko
Prince Marko
incorporated it in the Kingdom of Prilep.[24] In the early 1370s Marko lost Ohrid
Ohrid
to Pal II Gropa, another member of the Gropa family and unsuccessfully tried to recapture it in 1375 with Ottoman assistance.[25] In 1395 the Ottomans under Bayezid I
Bayezid I
captured the city which became the seat of the newly established Sanjak of Ohrid. In September 14-5, 1464 12,000 troops of the League of Lezhë
League of Lezhë
and 1,000 of the Republic of Venice
Venice
defeated a 14,000-man Ottoman force near the city. When Mehmed II
Mehmed II
returned from Albania
Albania
after his actions against Skanderbeg
Skanderbeg
in 1466 he dethroned Dorotheos, the Archbishop of Ohrid, and expatriated him together with his clerks and boyars and considerable number of citizens of Ohrid
Ohrid
to Istanbul, probably because of their anti-Ottoman activities during Skanderbeg's rebellion when many citizens of Ohrid, including Dorotheos and his clergy, supported Skanderbeg
Skanderbeg
and his fight.[26][27][28] Modern[edit]

The house of the wealthy Robevi family.

The Christian population declined during the first centuries of Ottoman rule. In 1664 there were only 142 Christian houses. The situation changed in the 18th century when Ohrid
Ohrid
emerged as an important trade center on a major trade route. At the end of this century it had around five thousand inhabitants. Towards the end of the 18th century and in the early part of the 19th century, Ohrid region, like other parts of European Turkey, was a hotbed of unrest. In the 19th century the region of Ohrid
Ohrid
became part of the Pashalik of Scutari, ruled by the Bushati
Bushati
family.[29] By the end of 19th century Ohrid
Ohrid
had 2409 houses with 11900 inhabitants out of which 45% were Muslims
Muslims
while the rest was mainly Roman Catholic
Catholic
and Orthodox Christian. In statistics gathered by Vasil Kanchov
Vasil Kanchov
in 1900, the city of Ohrid
Ohrid
was inhabited by 8000 Bulgarians, 5000 Turks, 500 Muslim Albanians, 300 Christian Albanians, 460 Vlachs and 600 Romani.[30] Before 1912, Ohrid
Ohrid
was a township center bounded to Monastir sanjak in Manastir Vilayet
Manastir Vilayet
(present-day Bitola). The city remained under the Ottomans until 29 November 1912, when the Serbian army took control of the city, which was made as the capital of Ohrid
Ohrid
district (okrug). In September 1913 local Albanian and pro-Bulgarian Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization leaders rebelled against the Kingdom of Serbia. It was occupied by Kingdom of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
between 1915 and 1918 during World War I. During Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Ohrid
Ohrid
continued to be as an independent district (Охридског округа) (1918-1922), then it became a part of Bitola
Bitola
Oblast (1920-1929), and then from 1929 to 1941, Ohrid was part of the Vardar Banovina. It was occupied again by Bulgaria between 1941 and 1944 during World War II. Since the days of SFR Yugoslavia Ohrid
Ohrid
has been the municipal seat of Municipality of Ohrid (Општина Охрид). Since 1991 the town is part of the Republic of Macedonia. Geography and climate[edit] Ohrid
Ohrid
is located in the south-western part of Macedonia, on the banks of Lake Ohrid, at an elevation of 695 meters above sea level. Ohrid
Ohrid
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa), as the mean temperature of the warmest month is just above 22 °C (71.6 °F). The coldest month is January with the average temperature 2.5 °C (36.5 °F) or in a range between 6.2 °C (43.2 °F) and −1.5 °C (29.3 °F). The warmest month is August with average range of 27.7 °C (82 °F)-14.2 °C (57.6 °F). The rainiest month is November, which sees on average 90.5 mm (3.6 in) of rain. The summer months of June, July and August receive the least amount of rain, around 30 mm (1.2 in). The absolute minimum temperature is −17.8 °C (0.0 °F) and the maximum 38.5 °C (101.3 °F).

Climate data for Ohrid

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 6.2 (43.2) 7.6 (45.7) 11.0 (51.8) 15.1 (59.2) 20.4 (68.7) 24.8 (76.6) 27.6 (81.7) 27.7 (81.9) 23.6 (74.5) 17.7 (63.9) 11.6 (52.9) 7.2 (45) 16.7 (62.1)

Average low °C (°F) −1.5 (29.3) −0.9 (30.4) 1.2 (34.2) 4.6 (40.3) 8.7 (47.7) 12.0 (53.6) 14.0 (57.2) 14.2 (57.6) 11.2 (52.2) 7.2 (45) 3.1 (37.6) 0.0 (32) 6.2 (43.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.7 (2.114) 60.2 (2.37) 55.9 (2.201) 55.9 (2.201) 56.7 (2.232) 33.5 (1.319) 30 (1.18) 30.6 (1.205) 47.9 (1.886) 76.1 (2.996) 90.5 (3.563) 71.3 (2.807) 662.3 (26.074)

Average precipitation days 11 12 11 13 12 8 6 6 7 10 12 13 121

Source: World Meteorological Organisation
World Meteorological Organisation
(UN)[31]

Demographics[edit]

Ohrid

As of the 2002 census, the city of Ohrid
Ohrid
has 42,033 inhabitants and the ethnic composition was the following:[32]

Macedonians, 33,791 (80.4%) Albanians, 2,959 (7.0%) Turks, 2,256 (5.4%) others, 3,027 (7.2%)

The mother tongues of the city's residents include the following:

Macedonian, 34,910 (83.1%) Albanian, 3,957 (9.4%) Turkish, 2,226 (5.3%) others, 1,017 (2.4%)

The religious composition of the city was the following:

Orthodox Christians, 33,987 (80.9%) Muslims, 7,599 (18.1%) others, 447 (1.1%)

The oldest inhabitants of Ohrid
Ohrid
are a few families that reside in the Varoš neighbourhood.[33] Other Macedonians have settled in Ohrid
Ohrid
and originate from the villages of the Kosel, Struga, Drimkol, Debarca, Malesija and Kičevo
Kičevo
regions and other areas from southern Macedonia.[33] In 1949, additional families from Aegean Macedonia settled in Ohrid.[33] The presence of the Turkish community dates from their settlement in Ohrid
Ohrid
during 1451-81.[33] All Turks from the village of Peštani
Peštani
after selling properties and land moved to Ohrid
Ohrid
by 1920 and today those few families are known as Peştanlı.[34] Albanians
Albanians
in Ohrid
Ohrid
originate from Albanian villages located on the western and southern areas of Lake Ohrid.[33] There is a sizeable amount of Turkified Albanians
Albanians
in Ohrid
Ohrid
who originate from the cities of Elbasan, Durrës
Durrës
and Ulcinj.[33] Orthodox Albanians
Albanians
are also present and settled in Ohrid
Ohrid
during the second half of the 19th century and originate from Pogradec, Lin, Çërravë
Çërravë
and Peshkëpi.[33] The local Romani population in Ohrid
Ohrid
originates from Podgradec and speaks the southern Tosk Albanian
Tosk Albanian
dialect.[33] In the latter decades of the 20th century, some Albanian speaking Muslim Romani from the villages of Krani
Krani
and Nakolec
Nakolec
have migrated to Ohrid.[35] In Yugoslav censuses, Albanophone Ohrid
Ohrid
Romani mainly declared as Albanians.[36] As tensions between Albanians
Albanians
and the state increased over numbers regarding community size and sociopolitical rights, Romani identity became politicized and contested from the 1990s onward.[36] Ohrid Albanophone Romani refused identification as Albanians
Albanians
seeing it as a result of Albanisation (or to be called Gypsies) and with encouragement from Macedonian circles now refers to itself as Egyptians whose ancestors migrated from Egypt many centuries ago.[36] The Albanian language
Albanian language
is not considered by Ohrid
Ohrid
Albanophone Romani as a mother tongue and only a home language.[36] Turkish speaking Romani reside in Ohrid
Ohrid
that during the Yugoslav period self declared themselves mainly as Turks,[33] while within independent Macedonia they identify as Egyptians.[36] The earliest presence of the Aromanian population in Ohrid
Ohrid
dates to 1778 arriving from Voskopojë, others from Kavajë
Kavajë
(late 18th century), from the Myzeqe region, Elbasan, Llëngë
Llëngë
and Mokër region (mid. 19th century) and also from Gorna Belica
Gorna Belica
and Malovišta
Malovišta
(late 19th century).[33] A large part of Ohrid's Aromanian population has emigrated to Trieste, Odessa
Odessa
and Bucharest.[33] Main sights[edit]

The church of St. Clement and St. Panteleimon in Ohrid

Holy Virgin Mary Bolnička church.

Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid
Ohrid
region

UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site

Ohrid
Ohrid
and Lake Ohrid

Criteria Cultural: i, iii, iv; Natural: vii

Reference 99

Inscription 1979 (3rd Session)

Extensions 1980

Area 83,350 ha

There is a legend supported by observations by the 17th century Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi
Evliya Çelebi
that there were 365 chapels within the town boundaries, one for every day of the year. Today this number is significantly smaller.

Church of St. Sophia Church of St. Panteleimon Church of St. John at Kaneo Church of St. Clement[37] Church of St. George Church of St. Zaum[38] Icon
Icon
Gallery-Ohrid Monastery of Saint Naum Church of St. Petka Church of St. Stefan Vestiges of basilicas from the early-Christian time, e.g. Basilica
Basilica
of St. Erazmo (4th century) Robevi family house, museum of archeology Ancient Theatre of Ohrid Church of St. Vrači, with frescos from the 14th century. A 14th-century icon from the church is depicted on the obverse of the Macedonian 1000 denars banknote, issued in 1996 and 2003.[39]

Besides being a holy center of the region, it is also the source of knowledge and pan-Slavic literacy. The restored Monastery at Plaošnik was actually one of the oldest Universities in the western world, dating before the 10th century. Ohrid
Ohrid
is also home to Vila Biljana, which serves as an official residence of the Prime Minister of Macedonia. Transportation[edit]

Ohrid
Ohrid
"St. Paul the Apostle" Airport

There is a nearby international airport, Ohrid Airport
Ohrid Airport
(now known as "St. Paul the Apostle Airport") that is open all year round. Sports[edit] G FK Ohrid
FK Ohrid
Lihnidos are a football team playing at the SRC Biljanini Izvori stadium in the city. As of the 2016–17 season they play in the third tier of the Macedonian Football League system. RK Ohrid
Ohrid
are a handball team playing at SRC Biljanini Izvori
SRC Biljanini Izvori
arena, with a capacity of 2,500. As of the 2016-17 season they play in the Macedonian Handball
Handball
Super League, which is the top tier. The Ohrid Swimming Marathon is an international open water swimming competition, always taking place in the waters of Lake Ohrid. The swimmers are supposed to swim 30 km (19 mi) from the monastery of Saint Naum to the Ohrid
Ohrid
harbor. Recurring events[edit]

Ohrid
Ohrid
Summer Festival, annual theater and music festival from July to August Ohrid
Ohrid
Choir Festival, annual international choir festival at the end of August The Balkan Festival of Folk Songs and Dances, annual folklore music and dance festival at the beginning of July Balkan music square festival, music festival in August in which ethnic musicians from the whole Balkan peninsular participate Ohrid Fest (Охридски Трубадури), music festival in August in which musicians from the whole Balkan peninsular participate. This festival is held for four days which are divided into

Debutant Night, Folk Night, Pop Night and International Night.

World Prized of Humanism in the Ohrid
Ohrid
Academy of Humanism, created by Jordan Plevnes

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Macedonia Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Ohrid
Ohrid
is twinned with:

Budva, Montenegro Dalian, China Katwijk, Netherlands Kragujevac, Serbia[40] Pogradec, Albania Patras, Greece Piran, Slovenia Plovdiv, Bulgaria Podolsk, Russia[41] Queanbeyan, Australia

Safranbolu, Turkey Seongnam, South Korea Tiranë, Albania Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria Vinkovci, Croatia Windsor, Canada Wollongong, Australia Yalova, Turkey Yalta, Ukraine Zemun, Serbia

Gallery[edit]

View from the Lake

Archeological site of Plaosnik

Cliff in Ohrid

Street in the old town

Harbour

The Church of St. John at Kaneo
Church of St. John at Kaneo
high above the lake

Lake Ohrid

Interior of the Samuil's Fortress

Monument of saints Cyril and Methodius

Postcard of Ohrid, Plane Tree, from 1922

Postcard of Ohrid, photo taken in 1930

Postcard of Ohrid
Ohrid
from 1930's

Church of Saints Clement and Panteleimon by night

Samuil's Fortress

See also[edit]

Macedonia portal

Archbishopric of Ohrid List of archbishops of the Archbishopric of Ohrid List of people from Ohrid Ohrid
Ohrid
Agreement Ohrid
Ohrid
line, narrow-gauge railway from Skopje, until 1966 Orthodox Ohrid
Ohrid
Archbishopric

Notes[edit]

^ Press online Gradovi u jesen (in Serbian) ^ a b "The Mirror of the Macedonian Spirit, Zlate Petrovski, Sašo Talevski, Napredok, 2004, ISBN 978-9989-730-38-2, page 72: "... and Macedonia in the Cathedral Church St. Sofia
Sofia
in the Macedonian Jerusalem — Ohrid..." ^ Dnevnik newspaper - Interview with the ambassador of Israel to Macedonia Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. (in Macedonian) ^ Between past and future: civil-military relations in post-communist Balkan states, Biljana Vankovska, Håkan Wiberg, I.B.Tauris, 2003, ISBN 1-86064-624-7, p. 71. ^ Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid
Ohrid
region ^ Lychnĭdus, Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898), on Perseus ^ λυχνίς, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus ^ λύχνος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus ^ Evans, Thammy, Macedonia, Bradt Travel Guides, 2012, p.173 ^ " Ohrid
Ohrid
Vacation, Travel, Tourism, Visit Ohrid
Ohrid
- Official Web Site of the Municipality of Ohrid". www.ohrid.com.mk.  ^ Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung, Hildegard Temporini, Wolfgang Haase, Walter de Gruyter, 1983, ISBN 3-11-009525-4, p. 537 ^ Hammond, NGL (1994). Philip of Macedon. London, UK: Duckworth.  ^ Crew, P. Mack. The Cambridge Ancient History - The Expansion of the Greek World, Eighth to Sixth Centuries B.C. Part 3: Volume 3, p. 284. ^ a b "Culture — Republic of Macedonia". www.culture.in.mk. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008.  ^ Nigel M. Kennell, Ephebeia: a register of Greek cities with citizen training systems in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, Weidmann, 2006 ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 978-0-631-19807-9,page 98,"the Illyrian Enchele, the 'eel-men', whose name points to a location near Lake Ohrid" ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 978-0-631-19807-9,Page 99:"... 99 victory would be theirs if they received Cadmus
Cadmus
as king. After this had come about as foretold, Cadmus
Cadmus
and Harmonia ruled over them and founded the towns of Bouthoe (Budva) and Lychnidus (Ohrid). ..." ^ Dimitar Bechev, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Macedonia, Historical Dictionaries of Europe, Scarecrow Press, 2009, ISBN 0810862956, p. xx. ^ Old Hermit's Almanac by Edward Hays,1997,ISBN 978-0-939516-37-7,page 82: "... He sent word to Samuel, the ruler in the Bulgarian capital of Ohrid, that he was returning 15,000 of his prisoners of war. ..." ^ Paul Robert Magocsi, Historical Atlas of Central Europe, (University of Washington Press, 2002), 10. ^ UNESCO
UNESCO
World heritage site for World heritage travellers, Ohrid region. ^ Lala, Etleva; Gerhard Jaritz (2008). "Regnum Albaniae and the Papal Curia" (PDF). Central European University. p. 59. Retrieved 3 February 2011.  ^ Dobson, Richard Barrie (2000). Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. Editions du Cerf. p. 1044. ISBN 978-1-57958-282-1. Retrieved 19 April 2011.  ^ Soulis, George Christos (1984). The Serbs and Byzantium
Byzantium
during the reign of Tsar Stephen Dušan (1331-1355) and his successors. Dumbarton Oaks Library and Collection. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-88402-137-7. Retrieved 16 April 2011.  ^ Tsvetkov, Plamen S. (1993). A history of the Balkans: a regional overview from a Bulgarian perspective. EM Text. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-7734-1956-8. Retrieved 19 April 2011.  ^ Shukarova, Aneta; Mitko B. Panov; Dragi Georgiev; Krste Bitovski; Academician Ivan Katardžiev; Vanche Stojchev; Novica Veljanovski; Todor Chepreganov (2008), Todor Chepreganov, ed., History of the Macedonian People, Skopje: Institute of National History, p. 133, ISBN 9989-159-24-6, OCLC 276645834, retrieved 26 December 2011, deportation of the Archbishop of Ohrid, Dorotei, to Istanbul
Istanbul
in 1466, to-gether with other clerks and bolyars who probably were expatriated be-cause of their anti Ottoman acts during the Skender-Bey’s rebellion.  ^ Srpsko arheološko društvo (1951), Starinar (in Serbian), Belgrade: Arheološki institut, p. 181, OCLC 1586392, После борби које је водио султан Мехмед против Скендербега 1466 године. Пошто је победио Скендербега, султан је, у повратку, преселио известан број грађана и свргнуо охридског архиепископа Доротеја. Очигледно је, да су бар извесни Охриђани покушали да се ослободе Турака и да су и да су помагали борбу Скендербега. Исто тако је јасно да је ову акцију помагао и охридски архиепископ Доротеј.  ^ Institut za balkanistika (1984). Balkan studies. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. p. 71. Retrieved 9 January 2012. Mehmed II
Mehmed II
moved considerable number of prominent Ohrid
Ohrid
families. The cause for that was the worsening of the relations between Ottoman authorities and Ohrid
Ohrid
archbishopic... were in favor of helping the struggle of Albanian people  ^ Iseni, Bashkim (2008). La Question Nationale En Europe Du Sud-Est: Genese, Emergence Et Developpement de L'Identite Nationale Albanaise Au Kosovo Et En Macedoine. Peter Lang. p. 120. ISBN 978-3-03911-320-0. Retrieved 23 December 2010.  ^ Vasil Kanchov
Vasil Kanchov
(1900). Macedonia: Ethnography and Statistics. Sofia. p. 252. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Ohrid, Macedonia". United Nations. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.  ^ Macedonian census, language and religion ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Włodzimierz, Pianka (1970). Toponomastikata na Ohridsko-Prespanskiot bazen. Institut za makedonski jazik "Krste Misirkov". pp. 104–105.  "Најстари староседелци во градот се неколкуте старински родови во Варош. Другите Македонци се доселени од селата покрај Охридското Езеро, од Коселска Долина, Струшко Поле, Дримкол, Дерарца, Малесија, Кичевско и други краишта од Западна Македонија. По 1949 год. се доселени и повеќе семејства од Егејска Македонија. Турците се населени овде во год. 1451-81. Има и доста турцизирани Албанци (од Елбасанско, Драч, Улцињ). Албанците инаку се дојдени во градот од околните села на југ и запад од Охридското Езеро. Има и православни Албанци дојдени од Поградец, Лин, Черава и Пискупија во II пол. на XIX век. Власите се доселувале најпрво од Москополе (од 1778 год.), Каваја (крајот на XVIII век), Мизакија, Елбасан и Ланга во Мокра (сред. на XIX век), од Г. Белица и Маловишта (Битолско) кон крајот на минатиот век. Доста голем дел од нив се иселиле во Трст, Одеса и Букурешт. Циганите се доселени од Поградечко, зборуваат албански (тоскиски).... Циганите веројатно се определиле како Шиптари или Турци." ^ Wrocławski, Krzysztof (1979). Македонскиот народен раскажувач Димо Стенкоски. Институт за фолклор. p. 74.  "Денеска во Охридско живеат неколку турски семејства познати како Пештанлии. Тие се, имено, преселници од селото. По 1920 год. нема во Пештани „Турци" староседелци. Напуштајќи го селото, муслиманите ги продале куќите и полињата." ^ Sugarman, Jane (1997). Engendering song: Singing and subjectivity at Prespa Albanian weddings. University of Chicago Press. pp. 9–10. ISBN 9780226779720.  ^ a b c d e Duijzings, Ger (1997). "The Making of Egyptians in Kosovo and Macedonia". In Govers, Cora; Vermeulen, Hans. The politics of ethnic consciousness. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 195, 200–203, 218. ISBN 9781349646739.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 August 2006. Retrieved 28 August 2006.  ^ "Health care Locations and Information in Ohrid, Europe - ohrid". 18 November 2017.  ^ National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia. Macedonian currency. Banknotes in circulation: 1000 Denars[dead link] (1996 issue) & 1000 Denars Archived 29 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine. (2003 issue). – Retrieved on 30 March 2009. ^ " Kragujevac
Kragujevac
Twin Cities". ©2009 Information service of Kragujevac City. Retrieved 2009-02-21.  ^ " Podolsk
Podolsk
sister cities". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Achrida". Catholic
Catholic
Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ohrid
Ohrid
at Wikimedia Commons Ohrid
Ohrid
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website visitohrid.com.mk  "Ochrida". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Ohrid

Geography

Galičica
Galičica
Mountain Lake Ohrid

Landmarks

Ancient Theatre Plaošnik Robevi House Samuel's Fortress St. Erazmo Trebeništa

Churches

St John at Kaneo St Naum Ss Clement and Panteleimon St Sophia

Sports

SRC Biljanini Izvori Biljanini Izvori Sports Hall G FK Ohrid
FK Ohrid
Lihnidos KK AMAK SP ŽFK Biljanini Izvori Ohrid
Ohrid
Swimming Marathon

Education

University of Information Science and Technology Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments and National Museum

Events

Balkan Folklore Festival Colony Ramazzoti Ohrid
Ohrid
Choir Festival Ohrid
Ohrid
Fest Ohrid
Ohrid
Summer Festival

Transportation

Ohrid
Ohrid
St. Paul the Apostle Airport

People

List of people from Ohrid

v t e

Ohrid
Ohrid
Municipality

Cities

Ohrid

Villages

Dolno Lakočerej Elšani Elešec Gorno Lakočerej Konjsko Kosel Kuratica Lagadin Leskoec Livoišta Ljubaništa Openica Orman Peštani Plakje Rača Ramne Rasino Rečica Sirula Skrebatno Sveti Stefan Sviništa Šipokno Trpejca Vapila Velestovo Velgošti Zavoj

v t e

Cities and towns of Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
by population

50,000+

Bitola Kumanovo Prilep Skopje Tetovo

10,000+

Debar Delčevo Gevgelija Gostivar Kavadarci Kičevo Kočani Kriva Palanka Negotino Ohrid Probištip Radoviš Struga Strumica Sveti Nikole Štip Veles Vinica

2,000+

Berovo Bogdanci Demir Hisar Demir Kapija Kratovo Kruševo Makedonska Kamenica Makedonski Brod Pehčevo Resen Valandovo

v t e

Historical Capitals of Bulgaria

Pliska
Pliska
(681–893) Preslav
Preslav
(893–972) Skopje
Skopje
(972–992) Ohrid
Ohrid
(992–1018) Veliko Tarnovo
Veliko Tarnovo
(1185–1393, 1878–1879) Nikopol (1393–1395) Sofia
Sofia
(since 1879)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146582

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