An ode (from Ancient Greek: ᾠδή, translit. ōdḗ) is a type
of lyrical stanza. It is an elaborately structured poem praising or
glorifying an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as
well as emotionally. A classic ode is structured in three major parts:
the strophe, the antistrophe, and the epode. Different forms such as
the homostrophic ode and the irregular ode also exist.
Greek odes were originally poetic pieces performed with musical
accompaniment. As time passed on, they gradually became known as
personal lyrical compositions whether sung (with or without musical
instruments) or merely recited (always with accompaniment). The
primary instruments used were the aulos and the lyre (the latter was
the most revered instrument to the ancient Greeks).
There are three typical forms of odes: the Pindaric, Horatian, and
irregular. Pindaric odes follow the form and style of Pindar. Horatian
odes follow conventions of Horace; the odes of
1 English ode 2 Notable practitioners 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links
An English ode is a lyrical stanza in praise of, or dedicated to
someone or something that captures the poet's interest or serves as an
inspiration for the ode. The lyrics can be on various themes. The
earliest odes in the English language, using the word in its strict
form, were the Epithalamium and Prothalamium of Edmund Spenser.
In the 17th century, the most important original odes in English are
by Abraham Cowley. These were iambic, but had irregular line length
patterns and rhyme schemes. Cowley based the principle of his
Pindariques on an apparent misunderstanding of Pindar's metrical
practice but, nonetheless, others widely imitated his style, with
notable success by John Dryden.
With Pindar's metre being better understood in the 18th century, the
fashion for Pindaric odes faded, though there are notable actual
Pindaric odes by Thomas Gray, The Progress of Poesy and The Bard.
Thomas Gray John Keats Samuel Taylor Coleridge William Wordsworth Percy Bysshe Shelley Pablo Neruda Álvaro de Campos Dorothy Regan Drake William Shakespeare Thomas Nashe John Donne Allen Tate Gary Soto Ronsard
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gosse, Edmund (1911). "Ode". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
'Ode' - JPiC Forum For Writers Glossary Term of the Day[permanent dead link] "Ode". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.