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Coordinates: 52°17′N 0°50′W / 52.283°N 0.833°W / 52.283; -0.833

Northamptonshire

County

Flag Coat of arms

Motto: Rosa concordiae signum[1] The rose, emblem of harmony

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
in England

Sovereign state United Kingdom

Country England

Region East Midlands

Ceremonial county

Lord Lieutenant David Laing[2]

High Sheriff Rupert Fordham[3]

Area 2,364 km2 (913 sq mi)

 • Ranked 24th of 48

Population (mid-2016 est.) 733,100

 • Ranked 33rd of 48

Density 310/km2 (800/sq mi)

Ethnicity 85.7% White British 4.7% Other White 2.5% South Asian 2.5% Black British 4.6% Other

Non-metropolitan county

County council Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council

Executive Conservative

Admin HQ Northampton

Area 2,364 km2 (913 sq mi)

 • Ranked 22nd of 27

Population 733,100

 • Ranked 15th of 27

Density 310/km2 (800/sq mi)

ISO 3166-2 GB-NTH

ONS code 34

NUTS UKF23

  Unitary   County council
County council
area Districts of Northamptonshire

Districts

South Northamptonshire Northampton Daventry Wellingborough Kettering Corby East Northamptonshire

Members of Parliament

Peter Bone
Peter Bone
(C) Michael Ellis (C) Chris Heaton-Harris
Chris Heaton-Harris
(C) Philip Hollobone
Philip Hollobone
(C) Andrea Leadsom
Andrea Leadsom
(C) Andrew Lewer
Andrew Lewer
(C) Tom Pursglove
Tom Pursglove
(C)

Time zone Greenwich Mean Time
Greenwich Mean Time
(UTC)

 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time
British Summer Time
(UTC+1)

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(/nɔːrˈθæmptənʃər, -ʃɪər/; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands
East Midlands
of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county is administered by Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council and by seven non-metropolitan district councils. It is known as "The Rose of the Shires". Covering an area of 2,364 square kilometres (913 sq mi), Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is landlocked between eight other counties: Warwickshire
Warwickshire
to the west, Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and Rutland
Rutland
to the north, Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to the east, Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
to the south-east, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
to the south, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
to the south-west and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
to the north-east – England's shortest administrative county boundary at 19 metres (20 yards).[4] Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is the southernmost county in the East Midlands
East Midlands
region. Apart from the county town of Northampton, other major population centres include Kettering, Corby, Wellingborough, Rushden
Rushden
and Daventry. Northamptonshire's county flower is the cowslip.[5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Peterborough

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Governance

3.1 National representation

4 Economy

4.1 Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and South Midlands Growth area

5 Education

5.1 Colleges 5.2 University

6 Healthcare

6.1 Hospitals 6.2 Water contamination

7 Transport

7.1 Roads 7.2 Rivers and canals 7.3 Railways 7.4 Buses 7.5 Airports

8 Media

8.1 Newspapers 8.2 Television 8.3 Radio

9 Sport

9.1 Rugby union 9.2 Association football

9.2.1 Northampton
Northampton
Town F.C. 9.2.2 Semi-professional clubs 9.2.3 United Counties League

9.3 Cricket 9.4 Motor sport 9.5 Swimming and diving

10 Culture 11 Places of interest 12 Annual events 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Northamptonshire Much of Northamptonshire's countryside appears to have remained somewhat intractable with regards to early human occupation, resulting in an apparently sparse population and relatively few finds from the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic
Mesolithic
and Neolithic
Neolithic
periods.[6] In about 500 BC the Iron Age
Iron Age
was introduced into the area by a continental people in the form of the Hallstatt culture,[7] and over the next century a series of hill-forts were constructed at Arbury
Arbury
Camp, Rainsborough camp, Borough Hill, Castle Dykes, Guilsborough, Irthlingborough, and most notably of all, Hunsbury Hill. There are two more possible hill-forts at Arbury
Arbury
Hill (Badby) and Thenford.[7] In the 1st century BC, most of what later became Northamptonshire became part of the territory of the Catuvellauni, a Belgic
Belgic
tribe, the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
area forming their most northerly possession.[7] The Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
were in turn conquered by the Romans in 43 AD.[8] The Roman road of Watling Street
Watling Street
passed through the county, and an important Roman settlement, Lactodorum, stood on the site of modern-day Towcester. There were other Roman settlements at Northampton, Kettering
Kettering
and along the Nene Valley near Raunds. A large fort was built at Longthorpe.[7] After the Romans left, the area eventually became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia, and Northampton
Northampton
functioned as an administrative centre. The Mercians converted to Christianity
Christianity
in 654 AD with the death of the pagan king Penda.[9] From about 889 the area was conquered by the Danes
Danes
(as at one point almost all of England
England
was, except for Athelney
Athelney
marsh in Somerset) and became part of the Danelaw - with Watling Street
Watling Street
serving as the boundary - until being recaptured by the English under the Wessex
Wessex
king Edward the Elder, son of Alfred the Great, in 917. Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
was conquered again in 940, this time by the Vikings
Vikings
of York, who devastated the area, only for the county to be retaken by the English in 942.[10] Consequently, it is one of the few counties in England
England
to have both Saxon and Danish town-names and settlements.[citation needed] The county was first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
(1011), as Hamtunscire: the scire (shire) of Hamtun (the homestead). The "North" was added to distinguish Northampton
Northampton
from the other important Hamtun further south: Southampton
Southampton
- though the origins of the two names are in fact different.[11] Rockingham Castle
Rockingham Castle
was built for William the Conqueror[12] and was used as a Royal fortress until Elizabethan times. In 1460, during the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Northampton
Northampton
took place and King Henry VI was captured.[13] The now-ruined Fotheringhay Castle
Fotheringhay Castle
was used to imprison Mary, Queen of Scots, before her execution.[14]

John Speed's 17th century map of Northamptonshire

George Washington, the first President of the United States of America, was born into the Washington family who had migrated to America from Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
in 1656. George Washington's ancestor, Lawrence Washington, was Mayor of Northampton
Northampton
on several occasions and it was he who bought Sulgrave Manor
Sulgrave Manor
from Henry VIII in 1539. It was George Washington's great-grandfather, John Washington, who emigrated in 1656 from Northants to Virginia. Before Washington's ancestors moved to Sulgrave, they lived in Warton, Lancashire.[15] During the English Civil War, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
strongly supported the Parliamentarian cause, and the Royalist forces suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Naseby
Battle of Naseby
in 1645 in the north of the county. King Charles I was imprisoned at Holdenby House
Holdenby House
in 1647.[16] In 1823 Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
was said to "[enjoy] a very pure and wholesome air" because of its dryness and distance from the sea. Its livestock were celebrated: "Horned cattle, and other animals, are fed to extraordinary sizes: and many horses of the large black breed are reared."[17] Nine years later, the county was described as "a county enjoying the reputation of being one of the healthiest and pleasantest parts of England" although the towns were "of small importance" with the exceptions of Peterborough
Peterborough
and Northampton. In summer, the county hosted "a great number of wealthy families... country seats and villas are to be seen at every step."[18] Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is still referred to as the county of "spires and squires" because of the numbers of stately homes and ancient churches.[19] In the 18th and 19th centuries, parts of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
and the surrounding area became industrialised. The local specialisation was shoemaking and the leather industry and by the end of the 19th century it was almost definitively the boot and shoe making capital of the world.[citation needed] In the north of the county a large ironstone quarrying industry developed from 1850.[20] During the 1930s, the town of Corby
Corby
was established as a major centre of the steel industry. Much of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
nevertheless remains largely rural.[citation needed] Corby
Corby
was designated a new town in 1950[21] and Northampton
Northampton
followed in 1968.[22] As of 2005[update] the government is encouraging development in the South Midlands area, including Northamptonshire.[23] Peterborough[edit] The Soke of Peterborough
Soke of Peterborough
was historically associated with and considered part of Northamptonshire, as the county diocese is focused upon the cathedral there.[24] However, Peterborough
Peterborough
had its own Quarter Sessions and, later, county council, and in 1965 it was merged with the neighbouring small county of Huntingdonshire.[25] Under the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
the city of Peterborough
Peterborough
became a district of Cambridgeshire.[26] Geography[edit] Main articles: List of places in Northamptonshire
List of places in Northamptonshire
and List of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
settlements by population

Northampton

Kettering

Wellingborough

Corby

Daventry

Rushden

Thrapston

Brackley

Oundle

Desborough

Towcester

Irthlingborough

Kings Sutton

Brixworth

Raunds

Silverstone

Banbury

Market Harborough

Milton Keynes

Leicester

Rugby

Notable places in and around Northamptonshire

Kilworth Wharf on the Grand Union Canal

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is a landlocked county located in the southern part of the East Midlands
East Midlands
region[27] which is sometimes known as the South Midlands. The county contains the watershed between the River Severn and The Wash
The Wash
while several important rivers have their sources in the north-west of the county, including the River Nene, which flows north-eastwards to The Wash, and the " Warwickshire
Warwickshire
Avon", which flows south-west to the Severn. In 1830 it was boasted that "not a single brook, however insignificant, flows into it from any other district".[28] The highest point in the county is Arbury
Arbury
Hill at 225 metres (738 ft).[29] There are several towns in the county with Northampton
Northampton
being the largest and most populous. At the time of the 2011 census, a population of 691,952 lived in the county with 212,069 living in Northampton. The table below shows all towns with over 10,000 inhabitants.

Rank Town Population Borough/District council

1 Northampton 212,100 (2011) Northampton
Northampton
Borough Council

2 Kettering 67,245 (2011) Kettering
Kettering
Borough Council

3 Corby 56,514 (2011) Corby
Corby
Borough Council

4 Wellingborough 49,088 (2011) Borough Council of Wellingborough

5 Rushden 29,265 (2011) East Northamptonshire
East Northamptonshire
District Council

6 Daventry 25,066 (2011) Daventry
Daventry
District Council

7 Brackley 13,018 (2011) South Northamptonshire
South Northamptonshire
District Council

8 Desborough 10,697 (2011) Kettering
Kettering
Borough Council

As of 2010 there are 16 settlements in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
with a town charter:

Brackley, Burton Latimer, Corby, Daventry, Desborough, Higham Ferrers, Irthlingborough, Kettering, Northampton, Oundle, Raunds, Rothwell, Rushden, Towcester, Thrapston
Thrapston
and Wellingborough.

Climate[edit] Like the rest of the British Isles, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification). The table below shows the average weather for Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
from the Moulton weather station.

Climate data for Moulton, Northants

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7 (45) 8 (46) 11 (52) 13 (55) 17 (63) 19 (66) 22 (72) 23 (73) 19 (66) 14 (57) 10 (50) 7 (45) 14.2 (57.5)

Average low °C (°F) 2 (36) 2 (36) 4 (39) 4 (39) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 12 (54) 10 (50) 8 (46) 5 (41) 3 (37) 6.6 (43.9)

Average precipitation cm (inches) 4.51 (1.776) 3.39 (1.335) 2.87 (1.13) 4.39 (1.728) 3.49 (1.374) 4.66 (1.835) 4.21 (1.657) 4.69 (1.846) 5.49 (2.161) 5.68 (2.236) 4.8 (1.89) 4.98 (1.961) 53.16 (20.929)

Source: [30]

Governance[edit] Northamptonshire, like most English counties, is divided into a number of local authorities. The seven borough/district councils cover 15 towns and hundreds of villages. The county has a two-tier structure of local government and an elected county council based in Northampton, and is also divided into seven districts each with their own district or borough councils:[31]

Council Council HQ Location

Corby
Corby
Borough Council Corby

Daventry
Daventry
District Council Daventry

East Northamptonshire
East Northamptonshire
District Council Thrapston

Kettering
Kettering
Borough Council Kettering

Northampton
Northampton
Borough Council Northampton

South Northamptonshire
South Northamptonshire
District Council Towcester

Borough Council of Wellingborough Wellingborough

Northampton
Northampton
itself is the most populous urban district in England
England
not to be administered as a unitary authority (even though several smaller districts are unitary). During the 1990s local government reform, Northampton
Northampton
Borough Council petitioned strongly for unitary status, which led to fractured relations with the County Council.[citation needed] Before 1974, the Soke of Peterborough
Soke of Peterborough
was considered geographically part of Northamptonshire, although it had had a separate county council since the late 19th Century and separate Quarter Sessions courts before then. Now part of Cambridgeshire, the city of Peterborough
Peterborough
became a unitary authority in 1998, but it continues to form part of that county for ceremonial purposes.[32] National representation[edit] Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
returns seven members of Parliament, all of whom are currently from the Conservative Party.[33]

Constituency Member of Parliament Political party

Corby Tom Pursglove Conservative

Daventry Chris Heaton-Harris Conservative

Kettering Philip Hollobone Conservative

Northampton
Northampton
North Michael Ellis Conservative

Northampton
Northampton
South Andrew Lewer Conservative

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
South Andrea Leadsom Conservative

Wellingborough
Wellingborough
& Rushden Peter Bone Conservative

From 1993 until 2005, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council,[34] for which each of the 73 electoral divisions in the county elect a single councillor, had been held by the Labour Party; it had been under no overall control since 1981. The councils of the rural districts – Daventry, East Northamptonshire, and South Northamptonshire
South Northamptonshire
– are strongly Conservative, whereas the political composition of the urban districts is more mixed. At the 2003 local elections, Labour lost control of Kettering, Northampton, and Wellingborough, retaining only Corby. Elections for the entire County Council are held every four years – the last were held on 5 May 2005 when control of the County Council changed from the Labour Party to the Conservatives. The County Council uses a leader and cabinet executive system and abolished its area committees in April 2006. Economy[edit] Main article: History of Northamptonshire § Economy

Silverstone
Silverstone
adds millions every year to the local economy - Kimi Räikkönen testing for McLaren at Silverstone
Silverstone
in April 2006

Historically, Northamptonshire's main industry was manufacturing of boots and shoes.[35] Many of the manufacturers closed down in the Thatcher era which in turn left many county people unemployed.[citation needed] Although R Griggs and Co Ltd, the manufacturer of Dr. Martens, still has its UK base in Wollaston near Wellingborough,[36] the shoe industry in the county is now nearly gone. Large employers include the breakfast cereal manufacturers Weetabix, in Burton Latimer, the Carlsberg brewery in Northampton, Avon Products, Siemens, Barclaycard, Saxby Bros Ltd and Golden Wonder.[37][38] In the west of the county is the Daventry International Railfreight Terminal;[39] which is a major rail freight terminal located on the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
near Rugby. Wellingborough
Wellingborough
also has a smaller railfreight depot[40] on Finedon Road, called Nelisons sidings.[41] This is a chart of trend of the regional gross value added of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
at current basic prices in millions of British Pounds Sterling (correct on 21 December 2005):[42]

Year Regional Gross Value Added[43] Agriculture[44] Industry[45] Services[46]

1995 6,139 112 2,157 3,870

2000 9,743 79 3,035 6,630

2003 10,901 90 3,260 7,551

The region of Northamptonshire, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
and the South Midlands has been described as " Motorsport
Motorsport
Valley... a global hub" for the motor sport industry.[47][48] The Mercedes GP[49] and Force India[50] Formula One
Formula One
teams have their bases at Brackley
Brackley
and Silverstone respectively, while Cosworth[51] and Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines[52] are also in the county at Northampton
Northampton
and Brixworth. International motor racing takes place at Silverstone
Silverstone
Circuit[53] and Rockingham Motor Speedway;[54] Santa Pod Raceway
Santa Pod Raceway
is just over the border in Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
but has a Northants postcode.[55] A study commissioned by Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Enterprise Ltd (NEL) reported that Northamptonshire's motorsport sites attract more than 2.1 million visitors per year who spend a total of more than £131 million within the county.[56] Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and South Midlands Growth area[edit] Main article: South Midlands Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
forms part of the Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and South Midlands Growth area which also includes Milton Keynes, Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
and Bedfordshire. This area has been identified as an area which is due to have tens of thousands additional homes built between 2010-2020. In North Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(Boroughs of Corby, Kettering, Wellingborough and East Northants), over 52,000 homes are planned or newly built and 47,000 new jobs are also planned.[57] In West Northamptonshire (boroughs of Northampton, Daventry
Daventry
and South Northants), over 48,000 homes are planned or newly built and 37,000 new jobs are planned.[58] To oversee the planned developments, two urban regeneration companies have been created: North Northants Development Company (NNDC)[57] and the West Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Development Corporation.[58] The NNDC launched a controversial[59] campaign called North Londonshire to attract people from London
London
to the county.[60] There is also a county-wide tourism campaign with the slogan Northamptonshire, Let yourself grow.[61] Education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Northamptonshire Northamptonshire County Council
Northamptonshire County Council
operates a complete comprehensive system with 42 state secondary schools.[62] The county's music and performing arts trust provides peripatetic music teaching to schools. It also supports 15 local Saturday morning music and performing arts centres around the county and provides a range of county-level music groups. Colleges[edit] There are seven colleges across the county, with the Tresham College of Further and Higher Education having four campuses in three towns: Corby, Kettering
Kettering
and Wellingborough.[63] Tresham provides further education and offers vocational courses, GCSEs and A Levels.[64] It also offers Higher Education options in conjunction with several universities.[65] Other colleges in the county are: Fletton House, Knuston Hall, Moulton College, Northampton
Northampton
College, Northampton
Northampton
New College and The East Northamptonshire
East Northamptonshire
College. University[edit] Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has one university, the University of Northampton. It has two campuses 2.5 miles (4.0 km) apart and 10,000 students.[66] It offers courses for needs and interests from foundation and undergraduate level to postgraduate, professional and doctoral qualifications. Subjects include traditional arts, humanities and sciences subjects, as well as entrepreneurship, product design and advertising.[67] Healthcare[edit] Hospitals[edit] Northampton
Northampton
has several National Health Service branches,[citation needed] the main acute NHS hospitals in the county being Northampton
Northampton
, Kettering
Kettering
General Hospital and Danetre Hospital in Daventry. In the south-west of the county, the towns of Brackley, Towcester
Towcester
and surrounding villages are serviced by the Horton General Hospital
Horton General Hospital
in Banbury
Banbury
in neighbouring Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
for acute medical needs. A similar arrangement is in place for the town of Oundle
Oundle
and nearby villages, served by Peterborough
Peterborough
City Hospital. In February 2011 a new satellite out-patient centre opened at Nene Park, Irthlingborough
Irthlingborough
to provide over 40,000 appointments a year, as well as a minor injury unit to serve Eastern Northamptonshire. This was opened to relieve pressure off Kettering
Kettering
General Hospital, and has also replaced the dated Rushden
Rushden
Memorial Clinic which provided at the time about 8,000 appointments a year, when open.[68] Water contamination[edit] In June 2008, Anglian Water
Anglian Water
found traces of Cryptosporidium
Cryptosporidium
in water supplies of Northamptonshire. The local reservoir at Pitsford
Pitsford
was investigated and a European rabbit
European rabbit
which had strayed into it was found,[69] causing the problem. About 250,000 residents were affected;[70] by 14 July 2008, 13 cases of cryptosporidiosis attributed to water in Northampton
Northampton
had been reported.[71] Following the end of the investigation, Anglian Water
Anglian Water
lifted its boil notice for all affected areas on 4 July 2008.[72] Anglian Water
Anglian Water
revealed that it will pay up to £30 per household as compensation for customers hit by the water crisis.[73] Transport[edit] Main article: East Midlands
East Midlands
§ Transport

Brackley
Brackley
bypass on the A43

The gap in the hills at Watford Gap
Watford Gap
meant that many south-east to north-west routes passed through Northamptonshire. The Roman Road Watling Street
Watling Street
(now part of the A5) passes through here, as did later canals, railways and major roads. Roads[edit] Major national roads including the M1 motorway
M1 motorway
( London
London
to Leeds) and the A14 (Rugby to Felixstowe), provide Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
with transport links, both north–south and east–west. The A43 joins the M1 to the M40 motorway, passing through the south of the county to the junction west of Brackley, and the A45 links Northampton
Northampton
with Wellingborough and Peterborough. The county road network, managed by Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council includes the A45 west of the M1 motorway, the A43 between Northampton and the county boundary near Stamford, the A361 between Kilsby
Kilsby
and Banbury
Banbury
(Oxon) and all B, C and Unclassified Roads. Since 2009 these highways have been managed on behalf of the county council by MGWSP, a joint venture between May Gurney
May Gurney
and WSP. Rivers and canals[edit]

The Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
at Braunston

Further information: Category:Rivers of Northamptonshire Two major canals – the Oxford and the Grand Union – join in the county at Braunston. Notable features include a flight of 17 locks on the Grand Union at Rothersthorpe, the canal museum at Stoke Bruerne, and a tunnel at Blisworth which, at 2,813 metres (3,076 yd), is the third-longest navigable canal tunnel on the UK canal network. A branch of the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
connects to the River Nene
River Nene
in Northampton
Northampton
and has been upgraded to a "wide canal" in places and is known as the Nene Navigation. It is famous for its guillotine locks. Railways[edit]

An East Midlands
East Midlands
Trains service approaching Wellingborough
Wellingborough
on the Midland Main Line

Two trunk railway routes, the Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line
and the West Coast Main Line, cross the county. At its peak, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
had 75 railway stations. It now has only six, at Northampton
Northampton
and Long Buckby on the West Coast Main Line, Kettering, Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Corby
Corby
on the Midland Main Line, along with King's Sutton, only a few yards from the boundary with Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
on the Chiltern Main Line. Before nationalisation of the railways in 1948 and the creation of British Railways, three of the "Big Four" railway companies operated in Northamptonshire: the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, London and North Eastern Railway and Great Western Railway. Only the Southern Railway was not represented. As of 2010 it is served by Virgin Trains, London
London
Midland, Chiltern Railways
Chiltern Railways
and East Midlands
East Midlands
Trains.

Corby
Corby
rail history

Corby
Corby
was described as the largest town in Britain without a railway station.[74] The railway running through the town from Kettering
Kettering
to Oakham
Oakham
in Rutland
Rutland
was previously used only by freight traffic and occasional diverted passenger trains that did not stop at the station. The line through Corby
Corby
was once part of a main line to Nottingham through Melton Mowbray, but the stretch between Melton and Nottingham was closed in 1968. In the 1980s, an experimental passenger shuttle service ran between Corby
Corby
and Kettering
Kettering
but was withdrawn a few years later.[75] On 23 February 2009, a new railway station opened, providing direct hourly access to London
London
St Pancras. Following the opening of Corby
Corby
Station, Rushden
Rushden
then became the largest town in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
without a direct railway station.

Closed lines and stations

Railway services in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
were reduced by the Beeching Axe in the 1960s.[76] Closure of the line connecting Northampton
Northampton
to Peterborough
Peterborough
by way of Wellingborough, Thrapston, and Oundle
Oundle
left eastern Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
devoid of railways. Part of this route was reopened in 1977 as the Nene Valley Railway. A section of one of the closed lines, the Northampton
Northampton
to Market Harborough
Market Harborough
line, is now the Northampton
Northampton
& Lamport heritage railway, while the route as a whole forms a part of the National Cycle Network, as the Brampton Valley Way. As early as 1897 Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
would have had its own Channel Tunnel rail link with the creation of the Great Central Railway, which was intended to connect to a tunnel under the English Channel. Although the complete project never came to fruition, the rail link through Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
was constructed, and had stations at Charwelton, Woodford Halse, Helmdon
Helmdon
and Brackley. It became part of the London
London
and North Eastern Railway in 1923 (and of British Railways in 1948) before its closure in 1966.[citation needed]

Future

In June 2009 the Association of Train Operating Companies
Association of Train Operating Companies
(ATOC) recommended opening a new station on the former Irchester
Irchester
railway station site for Rushden, Higham Ferrers
Higham Ferrers
and Irchester, called Rushden Parkway.[77] Network Rail
Network Rail
is looking at electrifying the Midland Main Line north of Bedford.[78] An open access company has approached Network Rail
Network Rail
for services to Oakham
Oakham
in Rutland
Rutland
to London
London
via the county.[78] The Rushden, Higham and Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Railway would like to see the railway fully reopen between Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Higham Ferrers. As part of the government-proposed High Speed 2
High Speed 2
railway line (between London
London
and Birmingham), the high-speed railway line will go through the southern part of the county but with no station built. Buses[edit]

Sywell
Sywell
Aerodrome

Most buses are operated by Stagecoach in Northants. Some town area routes have been named the Corby
Corby
Star, Connect Kettering, Connect Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Daventry
Daventry
Dart; the last three of these routes have route designations that include a letter (such as A, D1, W1, W2). Airports[edit] Sywell
Sywell
Aerodrome, on the edge of Sywell
Sywell
village, has three grass runways and one concrete all-weather runway. It is, however, only 1000 metres long and therefore cannot be served by passenger jets.[79] Media[edit]

BBC
BBC
Radio Northampton's Broadcasting House

Newspapers[edit] The three main newspapers in the county are the Northampton
Northampton
Herald & Post, the Northamptonshire Evening Telegraph and the Northampton Chronicle & Echo.[citation needed] Television[edit]

BBC
BBC
regions

Most of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is served by the BBC's East region which is based in Norwich. The regional news television programme, BBC
BBC
Look East, provides local news across the East of England, Milton Keynes and most of Northamptonshire. An opt-out in Look East covers the west part of the region only, broadcast from Cambridge. This area also is covered by the BBC's The Politics Show: East and Inside Out: East. A small part of the north of the county is covered by BBC
BBC
East Midlands's regional news BBC
BBC
East Midlands
East Midlands
Today, while a small part of South Northamptonshire
South Northamptonshire
is covered by BBC
BBC
Oxford's regional news BBC Oxford News which is part of the BBC
BBC
South Today programme.[citation needed]

ITV regions

Most of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is covered by ITV's Anglia region (which broadcasts Anglia Today/Tonight); in the south-west of the county, primarily Brackley
Brackley
and the surrounding villages, broadcasts can be received from the Oxford transmitter
Oxford transmitter
which broadcasts ITV Meridian's Meridian Today/Tonight. Radio[edit] BBC
BBC
Radio Northampton, broadcasts on two FM frequencies: 104.2 MHz for the south and west of the county (including Northampton
Northampton
and surrounding area) and 103.6 MHz for the north of the county (including Kettering, Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Corby). BBC
BBC
Radio Northampton
Northampton
is situated on Abington Street, Northampton. These services are broadcast from the Moulton Park & Geddington transmitters. There are three commercial radio stations in the county. The former Kettering
Kettering
and Corby
Corby
Broadcasting Company (KCBC) station is now called Connect Radio (97.2 and 107.4 MHZ FM), following a merger with the Wellingborough-based station of the same name. While both Heart Northants (96.6 MHz FM) and AM station Smooth Northants (1557 kHz) air very little local content as they form part of a national network. National digital radio is also available in Northamptonshire, though coverage is limited.[citation needed] Corby
Corby
is served by its own dedicated station, Corby
Corby
Radio (96.3fm), based in the town and focused on local content.[80] Sport[edit]

Statue inscribed ‘They tackled the job’ outside Franklin's Gardens

Rugby union[edit] Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has many rugby union clubs. Its premier team Northampton
Northampton
Saints, competes in the Aviva Premiership
Aviva Premiership
and won the European championship in 2000 by defeating Munster for the Heineken Cup, 9-8. Saints are based at the 15,249 capacity [81] Franklin's Gardens ground. In 2014 the club won the Aviva Premiership
Aviva Premiership
as well as the Challenge Cup. For the 2014/15 campaign the team finished top of the table for the first time in the premiership, eventually losing 24-29 to Saracens in the playoff semi-final. Association football[edit] Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has twenty four football clubs operating in the top ten levels of the English football league system. The sport in the area is administered by the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Football Association, which is affiliated with the United Counties League, the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Combination Football League, the Northampton
Northampton
Town Football League, as well as the Peterborough
Peterborough
and District Football League in neighbouring Cambridgeshire. Only two clubs in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
have competed in The Football League
The Football League
- Northampton Town and the defunct Rushden
Rushden
& Diamonds. Northampton
Northampton
Town F.C.[edit] The most prominent Association Football club in the county is League One side Northampton
Northampton
Town, which attracts between 4,000-6,000 fans on an average game day and has been part of the Football League since 1923.[82] Their home ground is Sixfields Stadium which in 1994. The first match there took place on 15 October against Barnet Football Club. The stadium can hold up to 7,500 people, with provisions for the disabled.[83] The club's most successful period occurred between 1962-67 when it progressed from Fourth Division to First Division, before falling back to the bottom of Fourth Division again by 1974. The club has reached the 5th round of the FA Cup
FA Cup
on 3 occasions, the last being in 1970. The 4th round was last reached in 2004.[82] Recently, the Cobblers were promoted back to League 1 on 9 April 2016. The week after that, they secured the club's first title for 29 years by winning league 2 after a 0-0 draw at Exeter City.[84] The most goals in a career was performed by the player, Jack English in 1947-59 with 143 goals out of 321 matches.[85] Semi-professional clubs[edit] Because Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is located near the centre of England, many of its clubs end up being swapped around between Northern and Southern-based leagues. Level 6

Brackley
Brackley
Town - National League North
National League North
- average attendance 427

Level 7

Kettering
Kettering
Town - Southern Football League
Southern Football League
- Premier Division - average attendance 502

Level 8

AFC Rushden
Rushden
& Diamonds - Southern Football League
Southern Football League
- Division One, East - average attendance 466

Corby
Corby
Town F.C. - Northern Premier League
Northern Premier League
- Division One, South - average attendance 473

United Counties League[edit] Nineteen teams compete in the United Counties League
United Counties League
(UCL), a league operating at levels 9 and 10 of the English League system, and which encompasses all of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
and parts of neighbouring counties. Prominent at this level in recent years (2011-2015) has been AFC Rushden
Rushden
& Diamonds, a "Phoenix Club" created and owned by supporters of the now defunct Rushden
Rushden
& Diamonds F.C. which, in its heyday, fielded a fully professional team at the third level of the English League system. About 550 have attended AFC Rushden
Rushden
and Diamond home matches in recent years,[86] dwarfing attendances from other clubs. Another prominent club at this level is Wellingborough Town, who once competed in the Southern Football League[87] and has an average match attendance of 122[86] Other clubs in the UCL are Bugbrooke St Michaels F.C., Burton Park Wanderers F.C., Cogenhoe United F.C., Desborough
Desborough
Town F.C., Irchester United F.C., Long Buckby A.F.C., Northampton
Northampton
ON Chenecks F.C., Northampton
Northampton
Sileby Rangers F.C., Northampton
Northampton
Spencer F.C., Raunds
Raunds
Town F.C., Rothwell Corinthians F.C., Rothwell Town F.C., Rushden
Rushden
& Higham United F.C., Stewarts & Lloyds Corby
Corby
A.F.C., Thrapston
Thrapston
Town F.C., Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Whitworth F.C. and Woodford United F.C. Cricket[edit] Northamptonshire County Cricket Club
Northamptonshire County Cricket Club
(Also known as The Steelbacks) is in Division Two of the County Championship. Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Cricket Club has recently signed overseas professionals such as Sourav Ganguly. In 2013 the club won the Friends Life t20
Friends Life t20
beating Surrey
Surrey
in the final. Appearing in their 3rd final in 4 years, the Steelbacks went on to beat Durham by 4 Wickets at Edgbaston in 2016 to lift the Natwest t20 Blast trophy for the second time. Motor sport[edit] Silverstone
Silverstone
is a major motor racing circuit, most notably used for the British Grand Prix. There is also a dedicated radio station for the circuit which broadcasts on 87.7 FM or 1602 MW when events are taking place. However, part of the circuit is across the border in Buckinghamshire. Rockingham Speedway Corby
Corby
is the largest stadium in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
with 130,000 seats. It is a US-style elliptical racing circuit (the largest of its kind outside of the United States), and is used extensively for all kinds of motor racing events. The Santa Pod
Santa Pod
drag racing circuit, venue for the FIA European Drag Racing Championships is just across the border in Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
but has a NN postcode. Cosworth
Cosworth
the high-performance engineering company is based in Northampton. Two Formula One
Formula One
teams are based in Northamptonshire, with Mercedes at Brackley
Brackley
and Force India
Force India
in Silverstone. Force India
Force India
also have a secondary facility in Brackley, while Mercedes build engines for themselves, Force India, Lotus and Williams at Brixworth. Swimming and diving[edit] There are seven competitive swimming clubs in the county: Northampton Swimming Club, Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Amateur Swimming Club, Rushden
Rushden
Swimming Club, Kettering
Kettering
Amateur Swimming Club, Corby
Corby
Amateur Swimming Club, Daventry
Daventry
Dolphins Swimming Club, and Nene Valley Swimming Club. There is also one diving club: Corby
Corby
Steel
Steel
Diving Club. The main pool in the county is Corby
Corby
East Midlands
East Midlands
International Pool, which has an 8-lane 50m swimming pool with a floor that can adjust in depth to provide a 25m pool. The pool is home to the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Amateur Association's County Championships as well as some of the Youth Midland Championships.[88][89] Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is home to 2016 paralympian, Ellie Robinson. She was talent-spotted in July 2012 and developed at Northampton
Northampton
Swimming club, and was selected to compete for Great Britain at the 2016 IPC Swimming European Championships. It was here she won three bronze and one silver medal.[90] Culture[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2010)

Rock and pop bands originating in the area have included Bauhaus, Temples, The Departure, New Cassettes, Raging Speedhorn and Defenestration. Kinky Boots, the 2005 British-American film and subsequent stage musical adaptation, was based on the true story of a traditional Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
shoe factory which, to stay afloat, entered the market for fetish footwear. Richard Coles, an English musician, partnered in the 1980s with Jimmy Somerville to create The Communards band. They made three Top Ten Hits and made the Number 1 record in 1986 with their song 'Don't Leave me this way'. In 2012, The University of Northampton
Northampton
awarded him an honorary doctorate. He is now the vicar of Finedon in Northamptonshire. Places of interest[edit] See also: Category:Tourist attractions in Northamptonshire.

Key

Abbey/Priory/Cathedral

Accessible open space

Amusement/Theme Park

Castle

Country Park

English Heritage

Forestry Commission

Heritage railway

Historic House

Museum (free/not free)

National Trust

Theatre

Zoo

78 Derngate
78 Derngate
Althorp
Althorp
Barnwell Country Park Barnwell Manor
Barnwell Manor
Billing Aquadrome Borough Hill
Borough Hill
Daventry
Daventry
( Iron Age
Iron Age
hill fort) Boughton House
Boughton House
(home of the Dukes of Buccleuch) Blisworth tunnel Brackley Brampton Valley Way
Brampton Valley Way
(linear park on a disused railway line) Brixworth
Brixworth
Country Park Burghley House
Burghley House
(in the Soke of Peterborough, so formerly in Northants), Canons Ashby House
Canons Ashby House
Castle Ashby
Castle Ashby
(home of the Marquess of Northampton), Coton Manor Garden Cottesbrooke Hall
Cottesbrooke Hall
Daventry
Daventry
Country Park Deene Park
Deene Park
Delapré Abbey Derngate
Derngate
and Royal Theatre Easton Neston
Easton Neston
Fermyn Woods Country Park Fotheringhay Castle
Fotheringhay Castle
& Church Franklin's Gardens Geddington's Eleanor cross Holdenby House
Holdenby House
Irchester
Irchester
Country Park Jurassic Way
Jurassic Way
(long-distance footpath) Kelmarsh Hall
Kelmarsh Hall
Kirby Hall
Kirby Hall
Knuston Hall Lamport Hall
Lamport Hall
Lilford Hall
Lilford Hall
Lyveden New Bield
Lyveden New Bield
Pitsford
Pitsford
Reservoir Prebendal Manor House, Nassington Naseby Field Northampton
Northampton
Cathedral Northampton
Northampton
& Lamport Railway Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Ironstone
Ironstone
Railway Roadmender - live music venue Piddington Roman Villa Rockingham Castle
Rockingham Castle
Rockingham Forest
Rockingham Forest
Rockingham Motor Speedway Rushden
Rushden
Hall Rushden, Higham and Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Railway Rushden
Rushden
Station Railway Museum Rushton Triangular Lodge
Rushton Triangular Lodge
Salcey Forest
Salcey Forest
Silverstone
Silverstone
Circuit Southwick Hall
Southwick Hall
Stanwick Lakes Stoke Bruerne Canal Museum
Stoke Bruerne Canal Museum
Sulgrave Manor
Sulgrave Manor
Summer Leys
Summer Leys
nature reserve Syresham Sywell
Sywell
Country Park The Castle Theatre Towcester
Towcester
Museum Watford Locks Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Museum Whittlewood Forest
Whittlewood Forest
Wicksteed Park
Wicksteed Park

Annual events[edit]

Gretton Barn dance British Grand Prix at Silverstone Burghley Horse Trials Crick Boat Show Hollowell
Hollowell
Steam Rally Northampton
Northampton
Balloon Festival Rothwell Fair Rushden
Rushden
Cavalcade St Crispin Street Fair Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Carnival World Conker Championships Buckby Feast Corby
Corby
Highland Gathering

See also[edit]

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
portal

Grade I listed buildings in Northamptonshire List of Lord Lieutenants of Northamptonshire List of High Sheriffs of Northamptonshire Custos Rotulorum of Northamptonshire - List of Keepers of the Rolls Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency) - Historical list of MPs for the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
constituency List of places in Northamptonshire History of Northamptonshire Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Police Northamptonshire Police
Northamptonshire Police
and Crime Commissioner East Midlands South Midlands Category:People from Northamptonshire

Notes[edit]

^ Or: ROSA CONCORDIAE SIGNUM - compare: Young, Robert (ed.). "Northamptonshire". Civic Heraldry of England
England
and Wales. Retrieved 2017-04-18. ROSA CONCORDIAE SIGNUM'  ^ "HM Lord-Lieutenant of Northamptonshire". Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council. Retrieved 19 April 2016.  ^ "Mr Rupert Fordham The High Sheriff of Northamptonshire". Highsheriffnorthamptonshire.com. Retrieved 2017-05-17.  ^ " Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council". Thebythams.org.uk. 24 October 2005. Retrieved 25 September 2010.  ^ "Plant and fungi species: Cowslip". Plantlife.org.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2017.  ^ Greenall (1979) p.19 ^ a b c d Greenall (1979) p.20 ^ BBC
BBC
- History - Tribes of Britain. Retrieved 16 August 2009. Archived 25 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Greenall (1979) p.29 ^ Wood, Michael (1986) The Domesday Quest p. 90, BBC
BBC
Books, 1986 ISBN 0-563-52274-7. ^ Mills, A.D. (1998). A Dictionary of English Place-names. Second Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford. p256. ISBN 0-19-280074-4 ^ " Rockingham Castle
Rockingham Castle
- Rockingham Castle, a home of history, Weddings, Corporate events and the Rockingham International Horse Trials". Rockinghamcastle.com. Retrieved 20 January 2018.  ^ Stearns, Peter N., Langer. William L. The Encyclopedia of world history: ancient, medieval, and modern. Retrieved 16 August 2009. ^ Mott, Allan. BBC
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- Cambridgeshire
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- History: Mary Queen of Scots' last days. Bbc.co.uk, Retrieved 16 August 2009. ^ The Writings of George Washington: Life of Washington. Retrieved 16 August 2009. ^ Edmonds. 1848. Notes on English history for the use of juvenile pupils. Retrieved 16 August 2009. ^ Brookes, R., Whittaker, W.B. The General Gazetteer, or, Compendious geographical dictionary, in miniature. 1823. Retrieved 5 September 2009. ^ Malte-Brun, C. Universal geography: or, A description of all parts of the world. 1832. Retrieved 5 September 2009. ^ Andrews, R., Teller, M. The Rough Guide to Britain 2004. Rough Guides. Retrieved 5 September 2009. ^ GENUKI: Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Genealogy: Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887. Kellner.eclipse.co.uk, 11 August 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2009. ^ "English Partnerships - Corby". Web.archive.org. 23 June 2004. Archived from the original on 23 June 2004. Retrieved 20 January 2018.  ^ "English Partnerships - Northampton". Web.archive.org. 12 December 2004. Archived from the original on 12 December 2004. Retrieved 20 January 2018.  ^ " Northamptonshire
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Chamber :: Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
& South Midlands Growth Plan". Web.archive.org. 7 December 2009. Archived from the original on 7 December 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2018. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ " Peterborough
Peterborough
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Peterborough
Order 1964 (SI 1964/367), see Local Government Commission for England
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(1958-1967), Report and Proposals for the East Midlands
East Midlands
General Review Area (Report No.3), 31 July 1961 and Report and Proposals for the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and East Anglia General Review Area (Report No.9), 7 May 1965 ^ The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972 (SI 1972/2039) Part 5: County of Cambridgeshire ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2016.  ^ UK Genealogy Archives: Transcript from Pigot & Co's Commercial Directory, 1830. Retrieved 15 August 2009. ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Genealogy: Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887. Retrieved 15 August 2009. ^ "Average weather for Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(Moulton weather station)". Weather.msn.com.  ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council: District and Borough Councils. 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ The Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
(City of Peterborough) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996 (SI 1996/1878), see Local Government Commission for England
England
(1992), Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Cambridgeshire, October 1994 and Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of Basildon & Thurrock, Blackburn & Blackpool, Broxtowe, Gedling & Rushcliffe, Dartford & Gravesham, Gillingham & Rochester upon Medway, Exeter, Gloucester, Halton & Warrington, Huntingdonshire & Peterborough, Northampton, Norwich, Spelthorne and the Wrekin, December 1995 ^ "Regional MPs & Local Authority Links". Northamptonshire Chamber. Retrieved 8 June 2016.  ^ " Northamptonshire County Council
Northamptonshire County Council
website". Retrieved 4 June 2009.  ^ GENUKI: Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Genealogy: Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles. 1887. Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ Kellysearch.co.uk: R Griggs & Co. Ltd Archived 11 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ " Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Chamber :: Major Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
employers". Web.archive.org. 26 June 2010. Archived from the original on 26 June 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2018.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2009.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2009.  ^ FirstGBRf: FirstGBRf opens unique depot at Wellingborough. 12 June 2007. Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ GB Railfreight: Locations, Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Retrieved 11 November 2010 ^ Regional Gross Value Added.Office for National Statistics Archived 28 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. pp 240–253. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding ^ includes hunting and forestry ^ includes energy and construction ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured ^ Coe, N.M., Kelly, P.F, Wai-Chung Yeung, H. Economic geography: a contemporary introduction. Wiley-Blackwell, 2007. pp 141-143. Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ Russell Hotten. Motor racing
Motor racing
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Force India
F1 Team: Contact us Archived 1 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Forceindiaf1.com, Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ Cosworth: Contact. Cosworth.com, Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines
Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines
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Silverstone
Official Website: Contact Numbers Archived 30 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ Getting to Rockingham Archived 3 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Rockingham.co.uk, Retrieved 22 August 2009. ^ Santa Pod
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References[edit]

Greenall, R. L. (1979) A History of Northamptonshire Phillimore & Co. Ltd. ISBN 1-86077-147-5.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Northamptonshire.

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Neighbouring counties

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Portal

Boroughs or districts

Corby Daventry East Northamptonshire Kettering Northampton South Northamptonshire Wellingborough

Major settlements

Brackley Burton Latimer Corby Daventry Desborough Higham Ferrers Irthlingborough Kettering Northampton Oundle Raunds Rothwell Rushden Thrapston Towcester Wellingborough See also: List of civil parishes in Northamptonshire

Rivers

River Avon River Cherwell River Great Ouse Harpers Brook River Ise River Nene Rains Brook River Tove River Welland Willow Brook Wootton Brook

Canals

Grand Union Canal Oxford Canal

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