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Coordinates : 52°17′N 0°50′W / 52.283°N 0.833°W / 52.283; -0.833

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

County

_

Flag Coat of arms

Motto : Rosa concordia signum_ The rose, emblem of harmony

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
in England
England

SOVEREIGN STATE United Kingdom
United Kingdom

COUNTRY England
England

REGION East Midlands
East Midlands

CEREMONIAL COUNTY

LORD LIEUTENANT David Laing

HIGH SHERIFF Rupert Fordham

AREA 2,364 km2 (913 sq mi)

• RANKED 24th of 48

POPULATION (MID-2016 EST.) 733,100

• RANKED 33rd of 48

DENSITY 310/km2 (800/sq mi)

ETHNICITY 85.7% White British 4.7% Other white 2.5% South Asian 2.5% Black British.

NON-METROPOLITAN COUNTY

COUNTY COUNCIL Northamptonshire County Council

EXECUTIVE Conservative

ADMIN HQ Northampton
Northampton

AREA 2,364 km2 (913 sq mi)

• RANKED 22nd of 27

POPULATION 733,100

• RANKED 15th of 27

DENSITY 310/km2 (800/sq mi)

ISO 3166-2 GB-NTH

ONS CODE 34

NUTS UKF23

  Unitary   County council
County council
area Districts of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire

DISTRICTS

* South Northamptonshire * Northampton
Northampton
* Daventry * Wellingborough
Wellingborough
* Kettering
Kettering
* Corby * East Northamptonshire

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT

* David Mackintosh (C) * Peter Bone (C) * Michael Ellis (C) * Chris Heaton-Harris (C) * Philip Hollobone (C) * Andrea Leadsom (C) * Tom Pursglove (C)

TIME ZONE Greenwich Mean Time (UTC )

• SUMMER (DST ) British Summer Time (UTC+1 )

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE (/nɔːrˈθæmptənʃər/ or /nɔːrθˈhæmptənʃɪər/ ; abbreviated NORTHANTS.), archaically known as the COUNTY OF NORTHAMPTON, is a county in the East Midlands of England
England
. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county is administered by Northamptonshire County Council and by seven non-metropolitan district councils.

Covering an area of 2,364 square kilometres (913 sq mi), Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is landlocked between eight other counties: Warwickshire
Warwickshire
to the west, Leicestershire
Leicestershire
and Rutland to the north, Cambridgeshire to the east, Bedfordshire to the south-east, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
to the south, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
to the south-west and Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
to the north-east – England's shortest county boundary at 19 metres (62 ft). Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is the southernmost county in the East Midlands
East Midlands
region.

Apart from the county town of Northampton
Northampton
, other major population centres include Kettering
Kettering
, Corby , Wellingborough
Wellingborough
, Rushden and Daventry . Northamptonshire's county flower is the cowslip .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Peterborough
Peterborough

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 3 Governance

* 3.1 National representation

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and South Midlands Growth area

* 5 Education

* 5.1 Colleges * 5.2 University

* 6 Healthcare

* 6.1 Hospitals * 6.2 Water contamination

* 7 Transport

* 7.1 Roads * 7.2 Rivers and canals * 7.3 Railways * 7.4 Buses * 7.5 Airports

* 8 Media

* 8.1 Newspapers * 8.2 Television * 8.3 Radio

* 9 Sport

* 9.1 Rugby Union

* 9.2 Association Football

* 9.2.1 Northampton
Northampton
Town F.C. * 9.2.2 Semi-Professional Clubs * 9.2.3 United Counties League

* 9.3 Cricket * 9.4 Motor sport * 9.5 Swimming and diving

* 10 Culture * 11 Places of interest * 12 Annual events * 13 See also * 14 Notes * 15 References * 16 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Northamptonshire

Much of Northamptonshire's countryside appears to have remained somewhat intractable with regards to early human occupation, resulting in an apparently sparse population and relatively few finds from the Palaeolithic , Mesolithic and Neolithic
Neolithic
periods. In about 500 BC the Iron Age
Iron Age
was introduced into the area by a continental people in the form of the Hallstatt culture , and over the next century a series of hill-forts were constructed at Arbury Camp, Rainsborough camp, Borough Hill, Castle Dykes, Guilsborough , Irthlingborough , and most notably of all, Hunsbury Hill . There are two more possible hill-forts at Arbury Hill ( Badby ) and Thenford .

In the 1st century BC, most of what later became Northamptonshire became part of the territory of the Catuvellauni , a Belgic tribe, the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
area forming their most northerly possession. The Catuvellauni were in turn conquered by the Romans in 43 AD.

The Roman road of Watling Street passed through the county, and an important Roman settlement, _Lactodorum_, stood on the site of modern-day Towcester . There were other Roman settlements at Northampton
Northampton
, Kettering
Kettering
and along the Nene Valley near Raunds . A large fort was built at Longthorpe .

After the Romans left, the area eventually became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia
Mercia
, and Northampton
Northampton
functioned as an administrative centre. The Mercians converted to Christianity
Christianity
in 654 AD with the death of the pagan king Penda . From about 889 the area was conquered by the Danes
Danes
(as at one point almost all of England
England
was, except for Athelney marsh in Somerset
Somerset
) and became part of the Danelaw - with Watling Street serving as the boundary - until being recaptured by the English under the Wessex
Wessex
king Edward the Elder
Edward the Elder
, son of Alfred the Great , in 917. Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
was conquered again in 940, this time by the Vikings
Vikings
of York
York
, who devastated the area, only for the county to be retaken by the English in 942. Consequently, it is one of the few counties in England
England
to have both Saxon and Danish town-names and settlements.

The county was first recorded in the _ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle _ (1011), as _Hamtunscire_: the _scire_ (shire ) of _Hamtun_ (the homestead). The "North" was added to distinguish Northampton
Northampton
from the other important _Hamtun_ further south: Southampton
Southampton
- though the origins of the two names are in fact different.

Rockingham Castle was built for William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror
and was used as a Royal fortress until Elizabethan times. In 1460, during the Wars of the Roses , the Battle of Northampton
Northampton
took place and King Henry VI was captured. The now-ruined Fotheringhay Castle
Fotheringhay Castle
was used to imprison Mary, Queen of Scots , before her execution. John Speed 's 17th century map of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire

George Washington
George Washington
, the first President of the United States of America , was born into the Washington family who had migrated to America from Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
in 1656. George Washington
George Washington
's ancestor, Lawrence Washington, was Mayor of Northampton
Northampton
on several occasions and it was he who bought Sulgrave Manor from Henry VIII in 1539. It was George Washington's great-grandfather, John Washington, who emigrated in 1656 from Northants to Virginia
Virginia
. Before Washington's ancestors moved to Sulgrave , they lived in Warton , Lancashire
Lancashire
.

During the English Civil War , Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
strongly supported the Parliamentarian cause, and the Royalist forces suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Naseby in 1645 in the north of the county. King Charles I was imprisoned at Holdenby House in 1647.

In 1823 Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
was said to " a very pure and wholesome air" because of its dryness and distance from the sea. Its livestock were celebrated: "Horned cattle, and other animals, are fed to extraordinary sizes: and many horses of the large black breed are reared."

Nine years later, the county was described as "a county enjoying the reputation of being one of the healthiest and pleasantest parts of England" although the towns were "of small importance" with the exceptions of Peterborough
Peterborough
and Northampton. In summer, the county hosted "a great number of wealthy families... country seats and villas are to be seen at every step." Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is still referred to as the county of "spires and squires" because of the numbers of stately homes and ancient churches.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, parts of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
and the surrounding area became industrialised . The local specialisation was shoemaking and the leather industry and by the end of the 19th century it was almost definitively the boot and shoe making capital of the world. In the north of the county a large ironstone quarrying industry developed from 1850. During the 1930s, the town of Corby was established as a major centre of the steel industry. Much of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
nevertheless remains largely rural.

Corby was designated a new town in 1950 and Northampton
Northampton
followed in 1968. As of 2005 the government is encouraging development in the South Midlands area, including Northamptonshire.

PETERBOROUGH

The Soke of Peterborough was historically associated with and considered part of Northamptonshire, as the county diocese is focused upon the cathedral there. However, Peterborough
Peterborough
had its own Quarter Sessions and, later, county council , and in 1965 it was merged with the neighbouring small county of Huntingdonshire . Under the Local Government Act 1972 the city of Peterborough
Peterborough
became a district of Cambridgeshire .

GEOGRAPHY

Main articles: List of places in Northamptonshire and List of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
settlements by population NORTHAMPTON KETTERING WELLINGBOROUGH CORBY Daventry RUSHDEN Thrapston Brackley Oundle Desborough Towcester Irthlingborough Kings Sutton Brixworth Raunds Silverstone
Silverstone
Banbury
Banbury
Market Harborough MILTON KEYNES LEICESTER RUGBY Notable places in and around Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Kilworth Wharf on the Grand Union Canal

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is a landlocked county located in the southern part of the East Midlands
East Midlands
region which is sometimes known as the South Midlands . The county contains the watershed between the River Severn and The Wash
The Wash
while several important rivers have their sources in the north-west of the county, including the River Nene , which flows north-eastwards to The Wash, and the " Warwickshire
Warwickshire
Avon ", which flows south-west to the Severn. In 1830 it was boasted that "not a single brook, however insignificant, flows into it from any other district". The highest point in the county is Arbury Hill at 225 metres (738 ft).

There are several towns in the county with Northampton
Northampton
being the largest and most populous. At the time of the 2011 census, a population of 691,952 lived in the county with 212,069 living in Northampton. The table below shows all towns with over 10,000 inhabitants.

RANK TOWN POPULATION BOROUGH/DISTRICT COUNCIL

1 Northampton
Northampton
212,100 (2011) Northampton
Northampton
Borough Council

2 Kettering
Kettering
67,635 (2011) Kettering
Kettering
Borough Council

3 Corby 56,514 (2011) Corby Borough Council

4 Wellingborough
Wellingborough
49,087 (2011) Borough Council of Wellingborough
Wellingborough

5 Rushden 29,265 (2011) East Northamptonshire District Council

6 Daventry 25,026 (2011) Daventry District Council

7 Brackley 13,018 (2011) South Northamptonshire District Council

8 Desborough 10,697 (2011) Kettering
Kettering
Borough Council

As of 2010 there are 16 settlements in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
with a town charter:

* Brackley , Burton Latimer , Corby , Daventry , Desborough , Higham Ferrers , Irthlingborough , Kettering
Kettering
, Northampton
Northampton
, Oundle , Raunds , Rothwell , Rushden , Towcester , Thrapston and Wellingborough
Wellingborough
.

CLIMATE

Like the rest of the British Isles , Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has an oceanic climate ( Köppen climate classification ). The table below shows the average weather for Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
from the Moulton weather station.

CLIMATE DATA FOR MOULTON, NORTHANTS

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 7 (45) 8 (46) 11 (52) 13 (55) 17 (63) 19 (66) 22 (72) 23 (73) 19 (66) 14 (57) 10 (50) 7 (45) 14.2 (57.5)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 2 (36) 2 (36) 4 (39) 4 (39) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 12 (54) 10 (50) 8 (46) 5 (41) 3 (37) 6.6 (43.9)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION CM (INCHES) 4.51 (1.776) 3.39 (1.335) 2.87 (1.13) 4.39 (1.728) 3.49 (1.374) 4.66 (1.835) 4.21 (1.657) 4.69 (1.846) 5.49 (2.161) 5.68 (2.236) 4.8 (1.89) 4.98 (1.961) 53.16 (20.929)

Source:

GOVERNANCE

Northamptonshire, like most English counties, is divided into a number of local authorities. The seven borough/district councils cover 15 towns and hundreds of villages. The county has a two-tier structure of local government and an elected county council based in Northampton , and is also divided into seven districts each with their own district or borough councils:

COUNCIL COUNCIL HQ LOCATION

Corby Borough Council Corby

Daventry District Council Daventry

East Northamptonshire District Council Thrapston

Kettering
Kettering
Borough Council Kettering
Kettering

Northampton
Northampton
Borough Council Northampton
Northampton

South Northamptonshire District Council Towcester

Borough Council of Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Wellingborough

Northampton
Northampton
itself is the most populous urban district in England
England
not to be administered as a unitary authority (even though several smaller districts are unitary). During the 1990s local government reform , Northampton
Northampton
Borough Council petitioned strongly for unitary status, which led to fractured relations with the County Council.

Before 1974, the Soke of Peterborough was considered geographically part of Northamptonshire, although it had had a separate county council since the late 19th Century and separate Quarter Sessions courts before then. Now part of Cambridgeshire , the city of Peterborough
Peterborough
became a unitary authority in 1998, but it continues to form part of that county for ceremonial purposes .

NATIONAL REPRESENTATION

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
returns seven members of Parliament , all of whom are currently from the Conservative Party .

CONSTITUENCY MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT POLITICAL PARTY

Corby Tom Pursglove Conservative

Daventry Chris Heaton-Harris Conservative

Kettering
Kettering
Philip Hollobone Conservative

Northampton
Northampton
North Michael Ellis Conservative

Northampton
Northampton
South David Mackintosh Conservative

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
South Andrea Leadsom Conservative

Wellingborough
Wellingborough
it had been under no overall control since 1981. The councils of the rural districts – Daventry, East Northamptonshire, and South Northamptonshire – are strongly Conservative, whereas the political composition of the urban districts is more mixed. At the 2003 local elections, Labour lost control of Kettering, Northampton, and Wellingborough, retaining only Corby. Elections for the entire County Council are held every four years – the last were held on 5 May 2005 when control of the County Council changed from the Labour Party to the Conservatives. The County Council uses a leader and cabinet executive system and abolished its area committees in April 2006.

ECONOMY

Main article: History of Northamptonshire § Economy Silverstone
Silverstone
adds millions every year to the local economy - Kimi Räikkönen testing for McLaren at Silverstone
Silverstone
in April 2006

Historically, Northamptonshire's main industry was manufacturing of boots and shoes. Many of the manufacturers closed down in the Thatcher era which in turn left many county people unemployed. Although R Griggs and Co Ltd, the manufacturer of Dr. Martens
Dr. Martens
, still has its UK base in Wollaston near Wellingborough
Wellingborough
, the shoe industry in the county is now nearly gone. Large employers include the breakfast cereal manufacturers Weetabix , in Burton Latimer , the Carlsberg brewery in Northampton
Northampton
, Avon Products , Siemens
Siemens
, Barclaycard , Saxby Bros Ltd and Golden Wonder . In the west of the county is the Daventry International Railfreight Terminal ; which is a major rail freight terminal located on the West Coast Main Line near Rugby . Wellingborough
Wellingborough
also has a smaller railfreight depot on Finedon Road, called Nelisons sidings.

This is a chart of trend of the regional gross value added of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
at current basic prices in millions of British Pounds Sterling (correct on 21 December 2005):

YEAR REGIONAL GROSS VALUE ADDED AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY SERVICES

1995 6,139 112 2,157 3,870

2000 9,743 79 3,035 6,630

2003 10,901 90 3,260 7,551

The region of Northamptonshire, Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
and the South Midlands has been described as " Motorsport Valley ... a global hub" for the motor sport industry. The Mercedes GP and Force India
Force India
Formula One teams have their bases at Brackley and Silverstone
Silverstone
respectively, while Cosworth and Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines are also in the county at Northampton
Northampton
and Brixworth .

International motor racing takes place at Silverstone
Silverstone
Circuit and Rockingham Motor Speedway ; Santa Pod Raceway is just over the border in Bedfordshire but has a Northants postcode. A study commissioned by Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Enterprise Ltd (NEL) reported that Northamptonshire's motorsport sites attract more than 2.1 million visitors per year who spend a total of more than £131 million within the county.

MILTON KEYNES AND SOUTH MIDLANDS GROWTH AREA

Main article: South Midlands

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
forms part of the Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and South Midlands Growth area which also includes Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
, Aylesbury Vale and Bedfordshire . This area has been identified as an area which is due to have tens of thousands additional homes built between 2010-2020. In North Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(Boroughs of Corby, Kettering, Wellingborough and East Northants), over 52,000 homes are planned or newly built and 47,000 new jobs are also planned. In West Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(boroughs of Northampton, Daventry and South Northants), over 48,000 homes are planned or newly built and 37,000 new jobs are planned. To oversee the planned developments, two urban regeneration companies have been created: North Northants Development Company (NNDC) and the West Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Development Corporation. The NNDC launched a controversial campaign called _North Londonshire_ to attract people from London
London
to the county. There is also a county-wide tourism campaign with the slogan _Northamptonshire, Let yourself grow_.

EDUCATION

Main article: List of schools in Northamptonshire

Northamptonshire County Council operates a complete comprehensive system with 42 state secondary schools. The county's music and performing arts trust provides peripatetic music teaching to schools. It also supports 15 local Saturday morning music and performing arts centres around the county and provides a range of county-level music groups.

COLLEGES

There are seven colleges across the county, with the Tresham College of Further and Higher Education having four campuses in three towns: Corby , Kettering
Kettering
and Wellingborough
Wellingborough
. Tresham provides further education and offers vocational courses, GCSEs and A Levels . It also offers Higher Education options in conjunction with several universities. Other colleges in the county are: Fletton House , Knuston Hall , Moulton College , Northampton
Northampton
College , Northampton
Northampton
New College and The East Northamptonshire College .

UNIVERSITY

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has one university, the University of Northampton
Northampton
. It has two campuses 2.5 miles (4.0 km) apart and 10,000 students. It offers courses for needs and interests from foundation and undergraduate level to postgraduate, professional and doctoral qualifications. Subjects include traditional arts, humanities and sciences subjects, as well as entrepreneurship, product design and advertising.

HEALTHCARE

HOSPITALS

Northampton
Northampton
has several National Health Service branches, the main acute NHS hospitals in the county being Northampton
Northampton
, Kettering General Hospital and Danetre Hospital in Daventry. In the south-west of the county, the towns of Brackley, Towcester and surrounding villages are serviced by the Horton General Hospital in Banbury
Banbury
in neighbouring Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
for acute medical needs. A similar arrangement is in place for the town of Oundle and nearby villages, served by Peterborough
Peterborough
City Hospital .

In February 2011 a new satellite out-patient centre opened at Nene Park, Irthlingborough to provide over 40,000 appointments a year, as well as a minor injury unit to serve Eastern Northamptonshire. This was opened to relieve pressure off Kettering
Kettering
General Hospital, and has also replaced the dated Rushden Memorial Clinic which provided at the time about 8,000 appointments a year, when open.

WATER CONTAMINATION

In June 2008, Anglian Water found traces of Cryptosporidium in water supplies of Northamptonshire. The local reservoir at Pitsford was investigated and a European rabbit which had strayed into it was found, causing the problem. About 250,000 residents were affected; by 14 July 2008, 13 cases of cryptosporidiosis attributed to water in Northampton
Northampton
had been reported. Following the end of the investigation, Anglian Water lifted its boil notice for all affected areas on 4 July 2008. Anglian Water revealed that it will pay up to £30 per household as compensation for customers hit by the water crisis.

TRANSPORT

Main article: East Midlands
East Midlands
§ Transport Brackley bypass on the A43

The gap in the hills at Watford Gap meant that many south-east to north-west routes passed through Northamptonshire. The Roman Road Watling Street (now part of the A5 ) passes through here, as did later canals, railways and major roads.

ROADS

Major national roads including the M1 motorway ( London
London
to Leeds) and the A14 (Rugby to Ipswich), provide Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
with transport links, both north–south and east–west. The A43 joins the M1 to the M40 motorway , passing through the south of the county to the junction west of Brackley, and the A45 links Northampton
Northampton
with Wellingborough and Peterborough.

The county road network, managed by Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council includes the A45 west of the M1 motorway , the A43 between Northampton and the county boundary near Stamford, the A361 between Kilsby and Banbury
Banbury
(Oxon) and all B, C and Unclassified Roads. Since 2009 these highways have been managed on behalf of the county council by MGWSP, a joint venture between May Gurney and WSP.

RIVERS AND CANALS

The Grand Union Canal at Braunston Further information: Category:Rivers of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire

Two major canals – the Oxford and the Grand Union – join in the county at Braunston . Notable features include a flight of 17 locks on the Grand Union at Rothersthorpe , the canal museum at Stoke Bruerne , and a tunnel at Blisworth which, at 2,813 metres (3,076 yd), is the third-longest navigable canal tunnel on the UK canal network .

A branch of the Grand Union Canal connects to the River Nene in Northampton
Northampton
and has been upgraded to a "wide canal" in places and is known as the _Nene Navigation_. It is famous for its guillotine locks .

RAILWAYS

An East Midlands
East Midlands
Trains service approaching Wellingborough
Wellingborough
on the Midland Main Line

Two trunk railway routes, the Midland Main Line and the West Coast Main Line , cross the county. At its peak, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
had 75 railway stations. It now has only six, at Northampton
Northampton
and Long Buckby on the West Coast Main Line, Kettering
Kettering
, Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Corby on the Midland Main Line, along with King\'s Sutton , only a few yards from the boundary with Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
on the Chiltern Main Line .

Before nationalisation of the railways in 1948 and the creation of British Railways , three of the "Big Four" railway companies operated in Northamptonshire: the London, Midland and Scottish Railway , London and North Eastern Railway and Great Western Railway . Only the Southern Railway was not represented. As of 2010 it is served by Virgin Trains , London
London
Midland , Chiltern Railways and East Midlands Trains . Corby rail history

Corby was described as the largest town in Britain without a railway station. The railway running through the town from Kettering
Kettering
to Oakham in Rutland was previously used only by freight traffic and occasional diverted passenger trains that did not stop at the station. The line through Corby was once part of a main line to Nottingham through Melton Mowbray , but the stretch between Melton and Nottingham was closed in 1968. In the 1980s, an experimental passenger shuttle service ran between Corby and Kettering
Kettering
but was withdrawn a few years later. On 23 February 2009, a new railway station opened, providing direct hourly access to London
London
St Pancras . Following the opening of Corby Station, Rushden then became the largest town in the United Kingdom without a direct railway station. Closed lines and stations

Railway services in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
were reduced by the Beeching Axe in the 1960s. Closure of the line connecting Northampton
Northampton
to Peterborough
Peterborough
by way of Wellingborough, Thrapston , and Oundle left eastern Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
devoid of railways. Part of this route was reopened in 1977 as the Nene Valley Railway . A section of one of the closed lines, the Northampton
Northampton
to Market Harborough line , is now the Northampton
Northampton
"> Future

In June 2009 the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) recommended opening a new station on the former Irchester railway station site for Rushden , Higham Ferrers and Irchester , called Rushden Parkway . Network Rail is looking at electrifying the Midland Main Line north of Bedford
Bedford
. An open access company has approached Network Rail for services to Oakham in Rutland to London
London
via the county.

The Rushden, Higham and Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Railway would like to see the railway fully reopen between Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Higham Ferrers . As part of the government-proposed High Speed 2 railway line (between London
London
and Birmingham), the high-speed railway line will go through the southern part of the county but with no station built.

BUSES

Sywell Aerodrome
Sywell Aerodrome

Most buses are operated by Stagecoach in Northants . Some town area routes have been named the Corby Star, Connect Kettering, Connect Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Daventry Dart; the last three of these routes have route designations that include a letter (such as A, D1, W1, W2).

AIRPORTS

Sywell Aerodrome
Sywell Aerodrome
, on the edge of Sywell village, has three grass runways and one concrete all-weather runway. It is, however, only 1000 metres long and therefore cannot be served by passenger jets.

MEDIA

BBC
BBC
Radio Northampton's Broadcasting House

NEWSPAPERS

The three main newspapers in the county are the Northampton
Northampton
Herald & Post , the Northamptonshire Evening Telegraph and the Northampton Chronicle ">

TELEVISION

BBC
BBC
regions

Most of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is served by the BBC
BBC
's East region which is based in Norwich
Norwich
. The regional news television programme, BBC
BBC
LOOK EAST , provides local news across the East of England
England
, Milton Keynes and most of Northamptonshire. An opt-out in _Look East_ covers the west part of the region only, broadcast from Cambridge
Cambridge
. This area also is covered by the BBC's THE POLITICS SHOW: EAST and INSIDE OUT: EAST . A small part of the northern part of the county is covered by BBC
BBC
East Midlands
East Midlands
's regional news BBC
BBC
EAST MIDLANDS TODAY , while a small part of South Northamptonshire is covered by BBC
BBC
Oxford 's regional news BBC
BBC
OXFORD NEWS which is part of the BBC
BBC
South Today programme. ITV regions

Most of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
is covered by ITV 's Anglia region (which broadcasts ANGLIA TODAY/TONIGHT); in the south-west of the county, primarily Brackley and the surrounding villages, broadcasts can be received from the Oxford transmitter which broadcasts ITV Meridian 's MERIDIAN TODAY/TONIGHT.

RADIO

BBC
BBC
Radio Northampton
Northampton
, broadcasts on two FM frequencies: 104.2 MHz for the south and west of the county (including Northampton
Northampton
and surrounding area) and 103.6 MHz for the north of the county (including Kettering
Kettering
, Wellingborough
Wellingborough
and Corby ). BBC
BBC
Radio Northampton
Northampton
is situated on Abington Street, Northampton. These services are broadcast from the Moulton Park ">

Corby is served by its own dedicated station, Corby Radio (96.3fm), based in the town and focused on local content.

SPORT

Statue inscribed ‘They tackled the job’ outside Franklin\'s Gardens

RUGBY UNION

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has many rugby union clubs. Its premier team Northampton
Northampton
Saints , competes in the Aviva Premiership and won the European championship in 2000 by defeating Munster for the Heineken Cup , 9-8. Saints are based at the 15,249 capacity Franklin\'s Gardens ground. In 2014 the club won the Aviva Premiership as well as the Challenge Cup. For the 2014/15 campaign the team finished top of the table for the first time in the premiership, eventually losing 24-29 to Saracens in the playoff semi-final. -------------------------

ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
has twenty four football clubs operating in the top ten levels of the English football league system . The sport in the area is administered by the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Football Association , which is affiliated with the United Counties League , the Northamptonshire Combination Football League , the Northampton Town Football League , as well as the Peterborough
Peterborough
and District Football League in neighbouring Cambridgeshire

Northampton
Northampton
Town F.C.

The most prominent Association Football club in the county is League One side Northampton
Northampton
Town , which attracts between 4,000-6,000 fans on an average game day and has been part of the Football League since 1923. Their home ground is Sixfields Stadium which in 1994. The first match there took place on 15 October against Barnet Football Club. The stadium can hold up to 7,500 people, with provisions for the disabled. The club's most successful period occurred between 1962-67 when it progressed from Fourth Division to First Division, before falling back to the bottom of Fourth Division again by 1974. The club has reached the 5th round of the FA Cup
FA Cup
on 3 occasions, the last being in 1970. The 4th round was last reached in 2004. Recently, the Cobblers were promoted back to League 1 on 9 April 2016. The week after that, they secured the club's first title for 29 years by winning league 2 after a 0-0 draw at Exeter City. The most goals in a career was performed by the player, Jack English in 1947-59 with 143 goals out of 321 matches.

Semi-Professional Clubs

Brackley Town and Corby Town are semi-professional clubs that play at the sixth level of the English League system in Conference North . An average of 250 people attend Brackley Town home matches, while about 400 attend Corby Town home matches.

Three clubs compete in the Southern Football League (Premier Division and Division One Central): Daventry Town , Kettering
Kettering
Town and AFC Rushden & Diamonds . Daventry attracts about 150 people to home matches. Kettering
Kettering
has a very strong following, with about 600 watching home matches, and was regularly competing at the fifth level of English League system in Conference National before financial problems resulted in relegation and near liquidation. About 550 have attended AFC Rushden and Diamond home matches in recent years,

United Counties League

Nineteen teams compete in the United Counties League (UCL), a league operating at levels 9 and 10 of the English League system, and which encompasses all of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
and parts of neighbouring counties. Prominent at this level in recent years (2011-2015) has been AFC Rushden & Diamonds , a "Phoenix Club " created and owned by supporters of the now defunct Rushden & Diamonds F.C. which, in its heyday, fielded a fully professional team at the third level of the English League system. Only two clubs in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
have competed in The Football League - Northampton
Northampton
Town and the defunct Rushden & Diamonds. About 550 have attended AFC Rushden and Diamond home matches in recent years, dwarfing attendances from other clubs. Another prominent club at this level is Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Town , who once competed in the Southern Football League and has an average match attendance of 122

Other clubs in the UCL are Bugbrooke St Michaels F.C. , Burton Park Wanderers F.C. , Cogenhoe United F.C. , Desborough Town F.C. , Irchester United F.C. , Long Buckby A.F.C. , Northampton
Northampton
ON Chenecks F.C. , Northampton
Northampton
Sileby Rangers F.C. , Northampton
Northampton
Spencer F.C. , Raunds Town F.C. , Rothwell Corinthians F.C. , Rothwell Town F.C. , Rushden & Higham United F.C. , Stewarts -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* 78 Derngate * Althorp * Barnwell Country Park * Barnwell Manor * Billing Aquadrome * Borough Hill Daventry ( Iron Age
Iron Age
hill fort) * Boughton House (home of the Dukes of Buccleuch ) * Blisworth tunnel * Brackley * Brampton Valley Way (linear park on a disused railway line) * Brixworth Country Park * Burghley House
Burghley House
(in the Soke of Peterborough, so formerly in Northants), * Canons Ashby House * Castle Ashby (home of the Marquess of Northampton
Northampton
), * Coton Manor Garden * Cottesbrooke Hall * Daventry Country Park * Deene Park * Delapré Abbey * Derngate and Royal Theatre * Easton Neston * Elton Hall * Fermyn Woods Country Park * Fotheringhay Castle
Fotheringhay Castle
& Church * Franklin\'s Gardens * Geddington 's Eleanor cross * Holdenby House * Irchester Country Park * Jurassic Way (long-distance footpath ) * Kelmarsh Hall * Kirby Hall * Knuston Hall * Lamport Hall * Lilford Hall * Lyveden New Bield * Pitsford Reservoir * Prebendal Manor House, Nassington * Naseby Field * Northampton
Northampton
Cathedral * Northampton
Northampton
border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
portal

* Grade I listed buildings in Northamptonshire * List of Lord Lieutenants of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
* List of High Sheriffs of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
* Custos Rotulorum of Northamptonshire - List of Keepers of the Rolls * Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency) - Historical list of MPs for the Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
constituency * List of places in Northamptonshire * History of Northamptonshire * Northamptonshire Police * Northamptonshire Police and Crime Commissioner * East Midlands
East Midlands
* South Midlands * Category:People from Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire

NOTES

* ^ Or: ROSA CONCORDIAE SIGNUM - compare: Young, Robert (ed.). "Northamptonshire". _Civic Heraldry of England
England
and Wales_. Retrieved 2017-04-18. ROSA CONCORDIAE SIGNUM' * ^ "HM Lord-Lieutenant of Northamptonshire". Northamptonshire County Council. Retrieved 19 April 2016. * ^ "Mr Rupert Fordham The High Sheriff of Northamptonshire". _www.highsheriffnorthamptonshire.com_. Retrieved 2017-05-17. * ^ " Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
County Council". Thebythams.org.uk. 24 October 2005. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "Plant and fungi species: Cowslip". * ^ Greenall (1979) p.19 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Greenall (1979) p.20 * ^ BBC
BBC
- History - Tribes of Britain. Retrieved 16 August 2009. Archived 25 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Greenall (1979) p.29 * ^ Wood, Michael (1986) _The Domesday Quest_ p. 90, BBC
BBC
Books, 1986 ISBN 0-563-52274-7 . * ^ Mills, A.D. (1998). A Dictionary of English Place-names. Second Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford. p256. ISBN 0-19-280074-4 * ^ Rockingham Castle. Retrieved 16 August 2009. * ^ Stearns, Peter N., Langer. William L. The Encyclopedia of world history: ancient, medieval, and modern. Retrieved 16 August 2009. * ^ Mott, Allan. BBC
BBC
- Cambridgeshire - History: Mary Queen of Scots\' last days. Retrieved 16 August 2009. * ^ The Writings of George Washington: Life of Washington. Retrieved 16 August 2009. * ^ Edmonds. 1848. Notes on English history for the use of juvenile pupils. Retrieved 16 August 2009. * ^ Brookes, R. , Whittaker, W.B. _The General Gazetteer, or, Compendious geographical dictionary, in miniature_. 1823. Retrieved 5 September 2009. * ^ Malte-Brun, C. Universal geography: or, A description of all parts of the world. 1832. Retrieved 5 September 2009. * ^ Andrews, R., Teller, M. The Rough Guide to Britain 2004. Rough Guides. Retrieved 5 September 2009. * ^ GENUKI: Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Genealogy: Bartholomew\'s Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2009. * ^ Corby - English Partnerships. Retrieved 16 August 2009. * ^ Northampton
Northampton
- English Partnerships. Retrieved 16 August 2009. * ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Chamber :: Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
& South Midlands Growth Plan. Retrieved 16 August 2009. Archived 7 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Peterborough
Peterborough
Diocesan Registry. Retrieved 15 August 2009. * ^ The Huntingdon and Peterborough
Peterborough
Order 1964 (SI 1964/367), see Local Government Commission for England
England
(1958-1967) , _Report and Proposals for the East Midlands
East Midlands
General Review Area (Report No.3)_, 31 July 1961 and _Report and Proposals for the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and East Anglia General Review Area (Report No.9)_, 7 May 1965 * ^ The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972 (SI 1972/2039) Part 5: County of Cambridgeshire * ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
- Let yourself grow: Media information about Northamptonshire. Retrieved 15 August 2009. * ^ UK Genealogy Archives: Transcript from Pigot & Co\'s Commercial Directory, 1830. Retrieved 15 August 2009. * ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Genealogy: Bartholomew\'s Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887. Retrieved 15 August 2009. * ^ "Average weather for Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(Moulton weather station)". * ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council: District and Borough Councils. 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ The Cambridgeshire (City of Peterborough) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996 (SI 1996/1878), see Local Government Commission for England
England
(1992) , _Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Cambridgeshire_, October 1994 and _Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of Basildon & Thurrock, Blackburn & Blackpool, Broxtowe, Gedling & Rushcliffe, Dartford & Gravesham, Gillingham & Rochester upon Medway, Exeter, Gloucester, Halton & Warrington, Huntingdonshire & Peterborough, Northampton, Norwich, Spelthorne and the Wrekin_, December 1995 * ^ "Regional MPs & Local Authority Links". _Northamptonshire Chamber_. Retrieved 8 June 2016. * ^ " Northamptonshire County Council website". Retrieved 4 June 2009. * ^ GENUKI: Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Genealogy: Bartholomew\'s Gazetteer of the British Isles. 1887. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Kellysearch.co.uk: R Griggs & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Chamber: Major Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
employers. Retrieved 22 August 2009. Archived 26 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ . Retrieved 23 August 2009. * ^ Prologis RFI Dirft Daventry. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ FirstGBRf: FirstGBRf opens unique depot at Wellingborough. 12 June 2007. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ GB Railfreight: Locations, Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Retrieved 11 November 2010 * ^ Regional Gross Value Added._Office for National Statistics_ Archived 28 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine .. pp 240–253. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding * ^ includes hunting and forestry * ^ includes energy and construction * ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured * ^ Coe, N.M., Kelly, P.F, Wai-Chung Yeung, H. Economic geography: a contemporary introduction. Wiley-Blackwell, 2007. pp 141-143. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Russell Hotten. Motor racing battles to stay out of pits. TimesOnline. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Official site of Mercedes GP Formula One
Formula One
Team: Contact us. Retrieved 4 March 2010. * ^ Force India
Force India
F1 Team: Contact us. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Cosworth: Contact. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines Ltd: Contact. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Silverstone
Silverstone
Official Website: Contact Numbers. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Getting to Rockingham. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Santa Pod Raceway: Contact/find us/postcode. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ Motorsport
Motorsport
to grow 30% in next decade. Northants Evening Telegraph. 25 June 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2009. * ^ _A_ _B_ MSKM: North Northants Accessed 2 October 2010 * ^ _A_ _B_ MKSM: West Northants Accessed 2 October 2010 * ^ Northants Evening Telegraph: Come to North Londonshire Accessed 2 October 2010 * ^ North Londonshire: home page Accessed 2 October 2010 * ^ Let yourself grow: home page Accessed 2 October 2010 * ^ Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
County Council: Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Schools Directory. Retrieved 8 August 2009. * ^ Tresham College: Our Campuses Archived 29 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine .. Retrieved 8 August 2009. * ^ Tresham College: Our Courses. Retrieved 8 August 2009. * ^ Tresham College: Higher Education. Retrieved 8 August 2009. * ^ The University of Northampton: About Us. Retrieved 8 August 2009. * ^ The University of Northampton: Course finder. Retrieved 8 August 2009. * ^ "New £4.2m Irthlingborough outpatients clinic opens". BBC News. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2011. * ^ Tite, Nick (14 July 2008). "Rabbit caused water contamination at Pitsford - Northants ET". Northants Evening Telegraph . Retrieved 22 August 2008. * ^ "Sickness bug found in tap water". BBC. 25 June 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2008. * ^ " BBC
BBC
News". _News at Ten, BBC
BBC
One _. BBC. 14 July 2008. * ^ "Anglian Water", Press Release * ^ "Water crisis: All clear for tap water - and up to £30 compensation! - Northampton
Northampton
Chronicle and Echo". Chronicle & Echo. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2008. * ^ Britten, Nick (23 February 2009). " Corby station". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ Network South East routes Archived 7 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "SMJR". Smjr.info. 19 September 2010. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "Connecting Communities - expanding access to the rail network" (PDF). London: Association of Train Operating Companies . June 2009. p. 19. Archived from the original (pdf) on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ Network Rail: East Midlands
East Midlands
Draft Route Utilisation Strategy Access date: 4 January 2010 * ^ * ^ "The Corby Radio Story". corbyradio.com. Retrieved 5 March 2016. * ^ http://www.northamptonsaints.co.uk/saints-nation/club-history/a-new-dawn/ * ^ _A_ _B_ " Northampton
Northampton
Town FC". Retrieved 4 May 2015. * ^ http://www.ntfc.co.uk/club/sixfields_stadium/ * ^ http://www.ntfc.co.uk/club/history/ * ^ http://www.ntfc.co.uk/club/club_records/ * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Attendances". Retrieved 4 May 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Home Attendances". Retrieved 4 May 2015. * ^ " Wellingborough
Wellingborough
Town". Retrieved 4 May 2015. * ^ "Welcome to the Northants ASA web site". _northants-asa.org_. * ^ "Midland Championships". _midlandchampionships.org.uk_. * ^ http://rio.paralympics.org.uk/meet-the-team/athlete-profile/ellie-robinson

REFERENCES

* Greenall, R. L. (1979) _A History of Northamptonshire_ Phillimore padding: 0; font-size:x-small; color:#000000; text-align: center; border-bottom:1px solid #AAAAAA;">‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING COUNTIES _ Leicestershire
Leicestershire
Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, Rutland Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
, Cambridgeshire

Warwickshire
Warwickshire

Cambridgeshire

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Bedfordshire

* v * t * e

Ceremonial county of Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire

Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Portal
Portal
_

BOROUGHS OR DISTRICTS

* Corby * Daventry * East Northamptonshire * Kettering
Kettering
* Northampton
Northampton
* South Northamptonshire * Wellingborough
Wellingborough

MAJOR SETTLEMENTS

* Brackley * Burton Latimer * Corby * Daventry * Desborough * Higham Ferrers * Irthlingborough * Kettering
Kettering
* Northampton
Northampton
* Oundle * Raunds * Rothwell * Rushden * Thrapston * Towcester

* Wellingborough
Wellingborough
_See also:_ LIST OF CIVIL PARISHES IN NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

RIVERS

* River Avon * River Cherwell
River Cherwell
* River Great Ouse * Harpers Brook * River Ise * River Nene * Rains Brook * River Tove * River Welland
River Welland
* Willow Brook * Wooton Brook

CANALS

* Grand Union Canal * Oxford Canal

TOPICS

* European Parliament constituency * Parliamentary constituencies * Places * SSSIs * Country houses * Flag * Grade I buildings * History * Lord Lieutenants * High Sheriffs * Schools * Museums * Soke of Peterborough * Diocese of Peterborough
Peterborough

* v * t * e

1974–1996 ← Ceremonial counties of England
England
→ current

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Berkshire
* City of Bristol
Bristol
* Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
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Cheshire
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Cornwall
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Devon
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Dorset
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Essex
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London
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Greater Manchester
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Hampshire
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Hertfordshire
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Isle of Wight
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Kent
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Lancashire
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Leicestershire
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Lincolnshire
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London
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Norfolk
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Northumberland
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North Yorkshire
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Oxfordshire
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Shropshire
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Somerset
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Staffordshire
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