HOME
The Info List - Neolectomycetes


--- Advertisement ---



(i)

NEOLECTA is a genus of ascomycetous fungi that have fruiting bodies in the shape of unbranched to lobed bright yellowish, orangish to pale yellow-green colored, club-shaped, smooth, fleshy columns up to about 7 cm tall. The species share the English designation "Earth tongues" along with some better-known fungi (e.g. Geoglossum , Microglossum ) with a similar general form, but in fact they are only distantly related.

Neolecta
Neolecta
is the only genus belonging to the family NEOLECTACEAE, which is the only family belonging to the order NEOLECTALES. Neolectales, in turn, is the only order belonging to the class NEOLECTOMYCETES, which belongs to the subdivision Taphrinomycotina of the Ascomycota .

Neolecta
Neolecta
is found in Asia, North America, Northern Europe and southern Brazil. The species all live in association with trees, and at least one, N. vitellina, grows from rootlets of its host, but it is not known whether the fungus is parasitic , saprotrophic , or mutualistic . It is said to be edible.

Neolecta
Neolecta
does not have any close relatives. Phylogenetically, it weakly clusters with a bizarre group of basal Ascomycota including Taphrina
Taphrina
, a dimorphic, half yeast , half filamentous genus parasitic on leaves, branches, and catkins , Schizosaccharomyces , a genus of fission yeasts (e.g. Schizosaccharomyces pombe ), and Pneumocystis , a yeast-like genus of mammalian parasites.