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A National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committee
(NOC) is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Olympic Committee, NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Olympic Games. They may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs also promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies.

Contents

1 National Olympic Committees

1.1 List

1.1.1 Africa
Africa
(ANOCA) 1.1.2 America (PASO) 1.1.3 Asia
Asia
(OCA) 1.1.4 Europe
Europe
(EOC) 1.1.5 Oceania
Oceania
(ONOC)

1.2 List of NOCs by recognition date 1.3 Notes

2 Divisions 3 Unrecognized National Olympic Committees 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

National Olympic Committees[edit] As of 2016, there are 206 NOCs: Each of the 193 member states of the United Nations; United Nations
United Nations
observer state Palestine; the Cook Islands, a state in free association with New Zealand
New Zealand
whose capacity to participate in international organizations has been recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
Secretariat;[1][2] and two states with limited recognition, Kosovo
Kosovo
and Taiwan (designated as Chinese Taipei
Chinese Taipei
by the IOC). There are also nine dependent territories with NOCs:

Four territories of the United States: American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the United States
United States
Virgin Islands. Three British Overseas Territories: Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, and Cayman Islands. One territory from the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
in the Caribbean: Aruba. The Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee
Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee
was dissolved at the 123rd IOC session in July 2011 as the Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles ceased to exist on 10 October 2010.[3][4] Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China.

Prior to 1996, rules for recognising separate countries within the IOC were not as strict as those within the United Nations, which allowed these territories to field teams separately from their sovereign state. Following an amendment to the Olympic Charter
Olympic Charter
in 1996, NOC recognition can only be granted after recognition as an independent state by the international community.[5] Since the rule does not apply retroactively, the dependent territories which were recognised before the rule change are allowed to continue sending separate teams to the Olympics, while the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
and Macau
Macau
send their own Paralympic teams. The states which thus qualify to participate in the future are the Vatican City, a UN observer state, and Niue, a state in free association with New Zealand
New Zealand
like the Cook Islands. Other disputed states face obstacles to being recognized by the IOC. Dependent territories such as Curaçao, the Faroe Islands, Gibraltar, Macau
Macau
and New Caledonia
New Caledonia
can no longer be recognised by the IOC. Athletes from those territories can only participate in the Olympics as part of their parent nation's national team. List[edit] This section lists the current:

206 National Olympic Committees who are recognised by the International Olympic Committee, and so are members of the Association of National Olympic Committees. 8 National Olympic Committees who are recognised by their continental Olympic Associations, but are not recognised by the International Olympic Committee. (Italics)

ANOC members are eligible to enter the Olympic Games, Some National Olympic Committees who are members of a continental Olympic Association but not ANOC members compete in continental-level and subregional tournaments. These committees, however, are not allowed to participate in the Olympic Games. The five continental associations are:

Africa
Africa
Association of National Olympic Committees
Association of National Olympic Committees
of Africa (ANOCA) America – Pan American Sports Organization
Pan American Sports Organization
(PASO) Asia
Asia
Olympic Council of Asia
Olympic Council of Asia
(OCA) Europe
Europe
European Olympic Committees
European Olympic Committees
(EOC) Oceania
Oceania
Oceania National Olympic Committees
Oceania National Olympic Committees
(ONOC)

IOC runs the Summer Olympic Games
Olympic Games
and the Winter Olympic Games
Olympic Games
as competitions in which all IOC-recognised NOCs can participate. Each continent also runs its own championships for their members:

ANOCA - African Games PASO - Pan American Games OCA - Asian Games, Asian Winter Games EOC - European Games ONOC - Pacific Games

While not a continental union in itself, the Union of Arab National Olympic Committees (UANOC) organises multi-sport events between Arabic-speaking countries. All 22 national governing bodies that form UANOC are also members of both AOC and are eligible to send athletes to either the African or Asian Games. National Olympic Committees from UANOC member countries are noted in the list below. Africa
Africa
(ANOCA)[edit]

Algeria1 Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros1 Congo Congo DR Côte d'Ivoire

Djibouti1 Egypt1 Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya1

Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania1 Mauritius Morocco1 Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles

Sierra Leone Somalia1 South Africa South Sudan Sudan1 Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia1 Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

1: National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committee
is a member of UANOC America (PASO)[edit]

Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bolivia Brazil British Virgin Islands Canada

Cayman Islands Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala

Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname Trinidad and Tobago United States Uruguay Venezuela Virgin Islands

Asia
Asia
(OCA)[edit]

Afghanistan Bahrain1 Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Iraq1

Japan Jordan1 Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait1 Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon1 Macau2 Malaysia Maldives

Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman1 Pakistan Palestine1 Philippines Qatar1 Saudi Arabia1 Singapore Sri Lanka Syria1

Chinese Taipei3 Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates1 Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen1

1: National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committee
is a member of UANOC 2: National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committee
is a member of OCA but not an ANOC member 3: Official name used by IOC, ANOC and OCA for Republic of China (Taiwan) Europe
Europe
(EOC)[edit]

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark

Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Great Britain Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel1 Italy Kosovo

Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Macedonia Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal

Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine

1: Israel
Israel
was a member of OCA but left in 1981, it joined the EOC in 1994 Oceania
Oceania
(ONOC)[edit]

American Samoa Australia Cook Islands Fiji Guam Kiribati

Marshall Islands Micronesia FS Nauru New Caledonia1 New Zealand Niue1

Norfolk Island1 Northern Mariana Islands1 Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands

French Polynesia
French Polynesia
(Tahiti)1 Tokelau1 Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna1

1: National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committee
is an associate member of ONOC but not an ANOC member List of NOCs by recognition date[edit]

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Below is a chronological list of the 206 NOCs recognized by the International Olympic Committee, since its foundation in 1894. Many of these committees were founded many years before their official recognition, while others were immediately accepted after being founded. Only extant states are listed. Former states (e.g. The Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles, etc.), are not listed, only the current states derived from them: for example, the Czech Olympic Committee representing Bohemia was created and recognized in 1899. It was later transformed into the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee, and, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, was re-recognized in 1993.

Date of recognition NOCs

1894 France
France
United States

1895 Australia
Australia
Germany
Germany
Greece
Greece
Hungary

1900 Norway

1905 Denmark
Denmark
Great Britain

1906 Belgium

1907 Canada
Canada
Finland

1909 Portugal

1910 Egypt

1911 Turkey

1912 Austria
Austria
Japan
Japan
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Netherlands
Serbia
Serbia
Spain
Spain
Switzerland

1913 Sweden

1914 Romania

1915 Italy

1919 New Zealand
New Zealand
Poland

1922 Ireland

1923 Argentina
Argentina
Latvia[a] Mexico
Mexico
Uruguay

1924 Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Estonia[a] Haiti
Haiti
Lithuania[a]

1927 India

1929 Philippines

1934 Chile

1935 Brazil
Brazil
Iceland
Iceland
Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
Venezuela

1936 Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Bermuda
Bolivia
Bolivia
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Jamaica
Jamaica
Malta
Malta
Peru

1937 Sri Lanka

1947 Guatemala
Guatemala
Iran
Iran
Myanmar
Myanmar
Panama
Panama
South Korea

1948 Colombia
Colombia
Guyana
Guyana
Iraq
Iraq
Lebanon
Lebanon
Pakistan
Pakistan
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Singapore
Singapore
Syria
Syria
Trinidad and Tobago

1950 Thailand

1951 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Nigeria

1952 Bahamas Ghana
Ghana
Indonesia
Indonesia
Israel

1953 Monaco

1954 Cuba
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Malaysia

1955 Barbados
Barbados
Fiji
Fiji
Kenya
Kenya
Liberia

1956 Honduras
Honduras
Uganda

1957 North Korea
North Korea
Tunisia

1959 Albania
Albania
Ecuador
Ecuador
Morocco
Morocco
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
San Marino
San Marino
Sudan
Sudan
Suriname

1960 Chinese Taipei

1962 Benin
Benin
El Salvador
El Salvador
Mongolia

1963 Cameroon
Cameroon
Côte d'Ivoire Jordan
Jordan
Libya
Libya
Mali
Mali
Nepal
Nepal
Senegal

1964 Algeria
Algeria
Chad
Chad
Madagascar
Madagascar
Niger
Niger
Congo Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
Zambia

1965 Central African Republic
Central African Republic
Guinea
Guinea
Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
Togo

1966 Kuwait

1967 Belize
Belize
Virgin Islands

1968 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
Gabon
Gabon
Malawi
Malawi
Tanzania

1970 Paraguay

1972 Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
Lesotho
Lesotho
Mauritius
Mauritius
Somalia
Somalia
Swaziland

1974 Papua New Guinea

1975 Andorra

1976 Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
Gambia

1978 Cyprus

1979 Bahrain
Bahrain
Laos
Laos
Mauritania
Mauritania
Mozambique
Mozambique
People's Republic of China
China
Seychelles
Seychelles
Vietnam

1980 Angola
Angola
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Botswana
Botswana
Qatar
Qatar
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
Zimbabwe

1981 Yemen

1982 British Virgin Islands
British Virgin Islands
Oman

1983 Bhutan
Bhutan
Samoa
Samoa
Solomon Islands

1984 Brunei
Brunei
Djibouti
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Grenada
Grenada
Rwanda
Rwanda
Tonga

1985 Maldives

1986 Aruba
Aruba
Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Guam

1987 American Samoa
American Samoa
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Vanuatu

1991 Estonia[a] Latvia
Latvia
[a] Lithuania
Lithuania
[a] Namibia
Namibia
South Africa[b]

1993 Armenia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belarus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Burundi
Burundi
Cape Verde Comoros
Comoros
Croatia
Croatia
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Dominica
Dominica
Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
Moldova
Moldova
Macedonia Russia
Russia
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe
Slovakia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Slovenia
Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Ukraine
Uzbekistan

1994 Nauru

1995 Cambodia
Cambodia
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
Palestine

1997 Federated States of Micronesia

1999 Eritrea
Eritrea
Palau

2003 Kiribati
Kiribati
Timor-Leste

2006 Marshall Islands

2007 Montenegro
Montenegro
Tuvalu

2014 Kosovo

2015 South Sudan

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f Latvia's NOC was recognized by the IOC in 1923, while Estonia's and Lithuania's NOCs were recognized in 1924. However, following the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states their NOCs were disbanded. When they regained their independence their NOCs were re-recognized in 1991. ^ South Africa
South Africa
participated in the Olympics since 1904 - even before it became a unified country - its membership was suspended in 1962 and reinstated in 1991 with the abolition of apartheid.

Divisions[edit] The NOCs are all members of the Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC), which is also split among five continental associations:

Continent Association NOCs Oldest NOC Newest NOC

  Africa

Association of National Olympic Committees
Association of National Olympic Committees
of Africa 54 Egypt
Egypt
(1910) South Sudan
South Sudan
(2015)

  America

Pan American Sports Organization 41 United States
United States
(1894) Dominica
Dominica
(1993) Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
(1993) Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
(1993)

  Asia

Olympic Council of Asia 44[6] Japan
Japan
(1912) Timor-Leste (2003)

  Europe

European Olympic Committees 50 France
France
(1894) Kosovo
Kosovo
(2014)

  Oceania

Oceania
Oceania
National Olympic Committees 17 Australia
Australia
(1895) Tuvalu
Tuvalu
(2007)

See the article for each continental association for the complete lists of all NOCs. Unrecognized National Olympic Committees[edit] The Macau
Macau
Sports and Olympic Committee was founded in 1987 and has attempted to enroll to the IOC since its foundation, but is still not officially recognized and thus no athlete has participated in the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
under the name "Macau, China". It has, however, participated in the Paralympic Games. The Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
have a recognised National Paralympic Committee.[7] Other existing countries/regions with unrecognized Olympic committees: Catalonia,[8] Gibraltar,[9] French Polynesia,[10] Niue,[11] Somaliland,[12] New Caledonia,[13] Kurdistan,[14][15] Northern Cyprus,[16] Abkhazia,[17] Native Americans,[18][19] the Northern Mariana Islands, Anguilla, Montserrat, and Turks & Caicos Islands.[20] South Ossetia
South Ossetia
intends to establish a National Olympic Committee,[21] and representatives from the Republic of Artsakh
Republic of Artsakh
take part in Armenia’s National Olympic Committee.[22] See also[edit]

National Paralympic Committee List of IOC country codes District of Columbia Olympic Committee

References[edit]

"National Olympic Committees". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 21 January 2008.  Association of National Olympic Committees
Association of National Olympic Committees
website

^ "Organs Supplement", Repertory of Practice (PDF) (8), UN, p. 10, archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2013  ^ The World today (PDF), UN  ^ "Executive Board concludes first meeting of the new year". olympic.org ("Official website of the Olympic movement"). 13 January 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2011.  ^ "Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session". Olympic.org.  ^ "Overseas Territories (3rd February 2012)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-23.  ^ The OCA includes 45 NOCs; the Macau
Macau
Sports and Olympic Committee is not recognized by the IOC and Macau
Macau
does not compete at the Olympic Games. ^ "Ítróttasamband Føroya Just another WordPress weblog". Isf.fo. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.  ^ Hargreaves, John (2000). Freedom for Catalonia? : Catalan nationalism, Spanish identity and the Barcelona Olympic Games ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521586153.  ^ "www.andalucia.com". www.andalucia.com. Retrieved 20 June 2012.  ^ Friedrich, Walter L. "Questia, Your Online Research Library". Accessmylibrary.com. Archived from the original on 16 August 2012. Retrieved 2014-01-23.  ^ "Full Page - Niue
Niue
Island Sports Association and National Olympic Committee - FOX SPORTS PULSE". Sportingpulse.com. Retrieved 2014-01-23.  ^ "Website ka wasaaradda Dhalinyaradda Iyo Ciyaaraha Somaliland
Somaliland
- Homepage". Somalilandolympics.org. 18 January 2010. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2010.  ^ " New Caledonia
New Caledonia
National Olympic Committee". SportingPulse. Retrieved 16 August 2010.  ^ "Display Article". Kurdishglobe.net. 16 January 2010. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2010.  ^ http://www.sportcountries.org/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/conference_2008/INSCRITS_DEFINITIU.pdf[dead link] ^ Turkish Cypriots denied access to London Olympics 2012 ^ Smoltczyk, Alexander (2009-08-27). "The ABC Republic: Abkhazia Attempts to Invent Itself - SPIEGEL ONLINE". Spiegel.de. Retrieved 2014-01-23.  ^ "Native Americans seek recognition". Nativevoices.org. 27 February 2006. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2010.  ^ "Jim Thorpe's Sons Bolster Native American Olympic Dream : Fri, 10 Jul 2009 : eNewsChannels". Enewschannels.com. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2010.  ^ "CANOC Members". canoc.net. Archived from the original on 2 October 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2010.  ^ "В Южной Осетии продолжат работу над созданием национального олимпийского комитета - Политика, выборы, власть - Новости - ИА REGNUM". Regnum.ru. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.  ^ " Armenia
Armenia
Karabakh Ministers Sign Accord Asbarez Armenian News". Asbarez.com. 1999-02-04. Retrieved 2014-01-23. 

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