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NEW MUSICAL EXPRESS (NME) is a British music journalism magazine published since 1952. It was the first British paper to include a singles chart, in the edition of 14 November 1952. In the 1970s it became the best-selling British music newspaper. During the period 1972 to 1976, it was particularly associated with gonzo journalism , then became closely associated with punk rock through the writings of Julie Burchill , Paul Morley
Paul Morley
and Tony Parsons . It started as a music newspaper, and gradually moved toward a magazine format during the 1980s and 1990s, changing from newsprint in 1998.

An online version of NME, NME.com, was launched in 1996. It became the world's biggest standalone music site, with over seven million users per month. With newsstand sales falling across the UK magazine sector, the magazine's paid circulation in the first half of 2014 was 15,830. In 2013, the list of NME\'s The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and the way it was conceived was criticized by the media.

NME
NME
magazine was relaunched in September 2015 as a nationally distributed free publication. The first circulation figures published in February 2016 of 307, 217 copies per week were the highest in the brand's history, beating the previous best of 306,881, recorded in 1964 at the height of the Beatles' fame.

NME's headquarters are in Southwark
Southwark
, London, England. The brand's editor-in-chief is Mike Williams , who replaced Krissi Murison in 2012.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 1960s * 1.2 1970s * 1.3 1980s * 1.4 1990s * 1.5 2000s * 1.6 2010s * 1.7 Free title

* 2 NME.com * 3 NME
NME
covers * 4 NME Awards
NME Awards
* 5 NME Tours * 6 NME Originals * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

The paper was established in 1952. The "Accordion Times and Musical Express" was bought by London music promoter Maurice Kinn, for the sum of £1,000, just 15 minutes before it was due to be officially closed. It was relaunched as the New Musical Express, and was initially published in a non-glossy tabloid format on standard newsprint . On 14 November 1952, taking its cue from the US magazine Billboard , it created the first UK Singles Chart , a list of the Top Twelve best-selling singles. The first of these was, in contrast to more recent charts, a top twelve sourced by the magazine itself from sales in regional stores around the UK. The first number one was "Here in My Heart " by Al Martino
Al Martino
.

1960S

During the 1960s the paper championed the new British groups emerging at the time. The NME
NME
circulation peaked under Andy Gray (editor 1957–1972) with a figure of 306,881 for the period from January to June 1964. The Beatles and the Rolling Stones were frequently featured on the front cover. These and other artists also appeared at the NME
NME
Poll Winners' Concert, an awards event that featured artists voted as most popular by the paper's readers. The concert also featured a ceremony where the poll winners would collect their awards. The NME
NME
Poll Winners' Concerts took place between 1959 and 1972. From 1964 onwards they were filmed, edited and transmitted on British television a few weeks after they had taken place.

In the mid 1960s, the NME
NME
was primarily dedicated to pop while its older rival, Melody Maker , was known for its more serious coverage of music. Other competing titles included Record Mirror , which led the way in championing American rhythm and blues , and Disc , which focused on chart news. The latter part of the decade saw the paper chart the rise of psychedelia and the continued dominance of British groups of the time. During this period some sections of pop music began to be designated as rock. The paper became engaged in a sometimes tense rivalry with Melody Maker; however, NME
NME
sales were healthy, with the paper selling as many as 200,000 issues per week, making it one of the UK's biggest sellers at the time.

1970S

Cover featuring Patti Smith
Patti Smith
for the week of 21 February 1976

By the early 1970s, NME
NME
had lost ground to Melody Maker, as its coverage of music had failed to keep pace with the development of rock music, particularly during the early years of psychedelia and progressive rock . In early 1972 the paper found itself on the verge of closure by its owner IPC (which had bought the paper from Kinn in 1963). According to Nick Kent
Nick Kent
(soon to play a prominent part in the paper's revival):

After sales had plummeted to 60,000 and a review of guitar instrumentalist Duane Eddy had been printed which began with the immortal words "On this, his 35th album, we find Duane in as good as voice as ever," the NME
NME
had been told to rethink its policies or die on the vine.

Alan Smith was made editor and in 1972 was told by IPC to turn things around quickly or face closure. To achieve this, Smith and his assistant editor Nick Logan raided the underground press for writers such as Charles Shaar Murray and Nick Kent
Nick Kent
, and recruited other writers such as Tony Tyler , Ian MacDonald
Ian MacDonald
and Californian Danny Holloway. According to The Economist, the New Musical Express "started to champion underground, up-and-coming music.... NME
NME
became the gateway to a more rebellious world. First came glamrock , and bands such as T. Rex , and then came punk ....by 1977 it had become the place to keep in touch with a cultural revolution that was enthralling the nation's listless youth. Bands such as Sex Pistols , X-Ray Spex
X-Ray Spex
and Generation X were regular cover stars, eulogised by writers such as Julie Burchill and Tony Parsons , whose nihilistic tone narrated the punk years perfectly." By the time Smith handed the editor's chair to Logan in mid-1973, the paper was selling nearly 300,000 copies per week and was outstripping Melody Maker, Disc, Record Mirror and Sounds .

According to MacDonald:

I think all the other papers knew by 1974 that NME
NME
had become the best music paper in Britain. We had most of the best writers and photographers, the best layouts, that sense of style of humour and a feeling of real adventure. We also set out to beat Melody Maker on its strong suit: being the serious, responsible journal of record. We did Looking Back and Consumer Guide features that beat the competition out of sight, and we did this not just to surpass our rivals but because we reckoned that rock had finished its first wind around 1969/70 and deserved to be treated as history, as a canon of work. We wanted to see where we'd got to, sort out this huge amount of stuff that had poured out since the mid '60s. Everyone on the paper was into this.

Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
topped the " NME
NME
Pop Poll" for three consecutive years (1974–76) under the category of the best "Vocal Group".

In 1976, NME
NME
lambasted German pioneer electronic band Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
with this title: "This is what your fathers fought to save you from ..." The article said that the "electronic melodies flowed as slowly as a piece of garbage floating down the polluted Rhine". The year 1976 also saw punk rock arrive on what some people perceived to be a stagnant music scene. The NME
NME
gave the Sex Pistols their first music press coverage in a live review of their performance at the Marquee in February that year, but overall it was slow to cover this new phenomenon in comparison to Sounds and Melody Maker, where Jonh Ingham and Caroline Coon respectively were early champions of punk. Although articles by the likes of Mick Farren (whose article "The Titanic Sails at Dawn" called for a new street-led rock movement in response to stadium rock) were published by the NME
NME
that summer, it was felt that younger writing was needed to credibly cover the emerging punk movement, and the paper advertised for a pair of "hip young gunslingers" to join their editorial staff. This resulted in the recruitment of Tony Parsons and Julie Burchill . The pair rapidly became champions of the punk scene and created a new tone for the paper. Parsons' time at NME
NME
is reflected in his 2005 novel Stories We Could Tell, about the misadventures of three young music-paper journalists on the night of 16 August 1977 – the night Elvis Presley died. The logo which, with slight variation, has been used since 1978.

In 1978 Logan moved on, and his deputy Neil Spencer was made editor. One of his earliest tasks was to oversee a redesign of the paper by Barney Bubbles
Barney Bubbles
, which included the logo still used on the paper's masthead today (albeit in a modified form) – this made its first appearance towards the end of 1978. Spencer's time as editor also coincided with the emergence of post-punk acts such as Joy Division and Gang of Four . This development was reflected in the writing of Ian Penman and Paul Morley
Paul Morley
. Danny Baker
Danny Baker
, who began as an NME
NME
writer around this time, had a more straightforward and populist style.

The paper also became more openly political during the time of punk. Its cover would sometimes feature youth-orientated issues rather than a musical act. It took an editorial stance against political parties like the National Front . With the election of Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
in 1979 the paper took a broadly socialist stance for much of the following decade.

1980S

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In the 1980s, the NME
NME
became the most important music paper in the country. It released the influential C81 in 1981, in conjunction with Rough Trade Records , available to readers by mail order at a low price. The tape featured a number of then up-and-coming bands, including Aztec Camera , Orange Juice , Linx and Scritti Politti , as well as a number of more established artists such as Robert Wyatt
Robert Wyatt
, Pere Ubu , the Buzzcocks and Ian Dury
Ian Dury
. A second tape, C86 , was released in 1986.

The NME
NME
responded to the Thatcher era by espousing socialism through movements such as Red Wedge . In the week of the 1987 election , the paper featured an interview with the leader of the Labour Party , Neil Kinnock , who appeared on the paper's cover. He had appeared on the cover once two years before, in April 1985.

Writers at this time included Don Watson, Mat Snow, Barney Hoskyns , Paolo Hewitt, Danny Kelly , Chris Bohn (known in his later years at the paper as 'Biba Kopf'), Steven Wells and David Quantick .

However, sales were dropping, and by the mid-1980s, NME
NME
had hit a rough patch and was in danger of closing. During this period (now under the editorship of Ian Pye, who replaced Neil Spencer in 1985), they were split between those who wanted to write about hip hop , a genre that was relatively new to the UK, and those who wanted to stick to rock music. Sales were apparently lower when photos of hip hop artists appeared on the front and this led to the paper suffering as the lack of direction became even more apparent to readers. A number of features entirely unrelated to music appeared on the cover in this era, including a piece by William Leith on computer crime and articles by Stuart Cosgrove on such subjects as the politics of sport and the presence of American troops in Britain, with Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
appearing on the cover not for musical reasons but as a political symbol.

The NME
NME
was generally thought to be rudderless at this time, with staff pulling simultaneously in a number of directions in what came to be known as the "hip-hop wars". It was haemorrhaging readers who were deserting NME
NME
in favour of Nick Logan 's two creations The Face and Smash Hits . This was brought to a head when the paper was about to publish a poster of an insert contained in the Dead Kennedys ' album Frankenchrist , consisting of a painting by H.R. Giger called Penis Landscape , then a subject of an obscenity lawsuit in the US. In the summer and autumn of 1987, three senior editorial staff were sacked, including Pye, media editor Stuart Cosgrove and art editor Joe Ewart. Former Sounds editor Alan Lewis was brought in to rescue the paper, mirroring Alan Smith's revival a decade and a half before.

Some commented at this time that the NME
NME
had become less intellectual in its writing style and less inventive musically. Initially, NME writers themselves were ill at ease with the new regime, with most signing a letter of no confidence in Alan Lewis shortly after he took over. However, this new direction for the NME
NME
proved to be a commercial success and the paper brought in new writers such as Andrew Collins , Stuart Maconie , Mary Anne Hobbs and Steve Lamacq
Steve Lamacq
to give it a stronger identity and sense of direction, although Mark Sinker left in 1988 after the paper refused to publish a negative review he wrote of U2 's Rattle and Hum
Rattle and Hum
. Initially many of the bands on the C86 tape were championed as well as the rise of gothic rock bands but new bands such as the Happy Mondays
Happy Mondays
and the Stone Roses were coming out of Manchester
Manchester
. One scene over these years was Acid House which spawned " Madchester " which helped give the paper a new lease of life. By the end of the decade, Danny Kelly had replaced Alan Lewis as editor.

1990S

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Blur vs Oasis , August 1995. NME
NME
started 1990 in the thick of the Madchester scene, covering the new British indie bands and shoegazers . Björk
Björk
, April 1995. The magazine heavily championed Björk's breakthrough in the 1990s.

By the end of 1990, the Madchester scene was dying off, and NME
NME
had started to report on new bands coming from the US, mainly from Seattle . These bands would form a new movement called grunge and by far the most popular bands were Nirvana and Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
. The NME
NME
took to grunge very slowly ("Sounds" was the first British music paper to write about grunge with John Robb being the first to interview Nirvana. Melody Maker was more enthusiastic early on, largely through the efforts of Everett True , who had previously written for NME
NME
under the name "The Legend!"). For the most part, NME
NME
only became interested in grunge after Nevermind
Nevermind
became popular. Although it still supported new British bands, the paper was dominated by American bands, as was the music scene in general.

Although the period from 1991 to 1993 was dominated by American bands like Nirvana, British bands were not ignored. The NME
NME
still covered the Indie scene and was involved with a war of words with a new band called Manic Street Preachers
Manic Street Preachers
who were criticising the NME
NME
for what they saw as an elitist view of bands they would champion. This came to a head in 1991 when during an interview with Steve Lamacq
Steve Lamacq
, Richey Edwards would confirm the band's position by carving "4real" into his arm with a razor blade.

By 1992, the Madchester scene had died and along with the Manics, some new British bands were beginning to appear. Suede were quickly hailed by the paper as an alternative to the heavy grunge sound and hailed as the start of a new British music scene. Grunge however was still the dominant force, but the rise of new British bands would become something the paper would focus on more and more.

In 1992, the NME
NME
also had a very public dispute with Morrissey
Morrissey
due to allegations that he had used racist lyrics and imagery. This erupted after a concert at Finsbury Park where Morrissey
Morrissey
was seen to drape himself in a Union Flag . The series of articles which followed in the next edition of NME
NME
soured Morrissey's relationship with the paper and this led to Morrissey's not speaking to the paper again for over a decade.

Later in 1992, Steve Sutherland, previously assistant editor of Melody Maker , was brought in as the NME's editor to replace Danny Kelly . Andrew Collins , Stuart Maconie , Steve Lamacq
Steve Lamacq
and Mary Anne Hobbs all left the NME
NME
in protest, and moved to Select ; Collins, Maconie and Lamacq would all also write for Q , while Lamacq would join Melody Maker in 1997. Kelly, Collins, Maconie, Lamacq and Hobbs would all subsequently become prominent broadcasters with BBC Radio 1 as it reinvented itself under Matthew Bannister .

In April 1994, Nirvana front-man Kurt Cobain
Kurt Cobain
was found dead, a story which affected not only his fans and readers of the NME, but would see a massive change in British music. Grunge was about to be replaced by Britpop
Britpop
, a new form of music influenced by British music of the 1960s and British culture. The term was coined by NME
NME
after the band Blur released their album Parklife
Parklife
in the month of Cobain's death. Britpop
Britpop
began to fill the musical and cultural void left after Cobain's demise, and with Blur's success and the rise of a new group from Manchester
Manchester
called Oasis , Britpop
Britpop
would continue its rise for the rest of 1994. By the end of the year Blur and Oasis were the two biggest bands in the UK and sales of the NME
NME
were increasing thanks to the Britpop
Britpop
effect. In 1995 NME
NME
covered many of these new bands, and many of the bands played the NME
NME
Stage at that year's Glastonbury Festival where the paper had been sponsoring the second stage at the festival since 1993. This would be its last year sponsoring the stage; subsequently the stage would be known as the 'Other Stage'.

In August 1995, Blur and Oasis planned to release singles on the same day in a mass of media publicity. Steve Sutherland put the story on the front page of the paper. He was criticised for playing up the duel between the bands. Blur won the 'race' for the top of the charts, and the resulting fallout from the publicity led to the paper enjoying increased sales during the 1990s as Britpop
Britpop
became the dominant musical genre. After this peak the paper experienced a slow decline as Britpop
Britpop
burned itself out fairly rapidly over the next few years. This left the paper directionless again, and attempts to embrace the rise of DJ culture in the late 1990s only led to the paper being criticised for not supporting rock or indie music. The paper did attempt to return to its highly politicised 1980s incarnation by running a cover story in March 1998 condemning Tony Blair , who had previously associated himself with Britpop
Britpop
bands such as Oasis , and this received a certain level of attention in the wider media.

Sutherland did attempt to cover newer bands but one cover feature on Godspeed You! Black Emperor
Godspeed You! Black Emperor
in 1999 saw the paper dip to a sales low, and Sutherland later stated in his weekly editorial that he regretted putting them on the cover. For many this was seen as an affront to the principles of the paper and sales reached a low point at the turn of the millennium.

2000S

From the issue of 21 March 1998, the paper was no longer printed on newsprint, and more recently it has shifted to tabloid size with glossy colour covers.

In 2000 Steve Sutherland left to become brand director of the NME, and was replaced as editor by 26-year-old Melody Maker writer Ben Knowles. In the same year Melody Maker officially merged with the NME, and many speculated the NME
NME
would be next to close, as the weekly music-magazine market was shrinking - the monthly magazine Select , which had thrived especially during Britpop, was closed down within a week of Melody Maker. In the early 2000s the NME
NME
also attempted somewhat to broaden its coverage again, running cover stories on hip-hop acts such as Jay-Z and Missy Elliott
Missy Elliott
, electronic music pioneer Aphex Twin
Aphex Twin
, Popstars winners Hear\'say and R&B
R&B
groups like Destiny\'s Child , but as in the 1980s these proved unpopular with much of the paper's readership, and were soon dropped. In 2001 the NME reasserted its position as an influence in new music and helped to introduce bands including the Strokes , the Vines , and the White Stripes .

In 2002 Conor McNicholas was appointed editor, with a new wave of photographers including Dean Chalkley , Andrew Kendall, James Looker and Pieter Van Hattem, and a high turnover of young writers. It focused on new British bands such as the Libertines , Franz Ferdinand , Bloc Party
Bloc Party
and the Kaiser Chiefs
Kaiser Chiefs
which had emerged as indie music continued to grow in commercial success. Later, Arctic Monkeys
Arctic Monkeys
became the standard-bearers of the post-Libertines crop of indie bands, being both successfully championed by the NME
NME
and receiving widespread commercial and critical success.

In December 2005 accusations were made that the NME
NME
end-of-year poll had been edited for commercial and political reasons. These criticisms were rebutted by McNicholas, who claimed that webzine Londonist.com had got hold of an early draft of the poll.

In October 2006 NME
NME
launched an Irish version of the magazine called NME
NME
IRELAND. This coincided with the launch of Club NME
NME
in Dublin
Dublin
. Dublin-based band Humanzi was first to appear on the cover of NME Ireland. The Irish edition of the magazine could not compete with local competitors such as Hot Press therefore it was discontinued after its fourth issue in February 2007.

After the 2008 NME
NME
Award nominations, Caroline Sullivan of The Guardian criticised the magazine's lack of diversity, saying:

" NME
NME
bands" fall within very narrow parameters. In the 80s, the paper prided itself on its coverage of hip hop, R">

FREE TITLE

In February 2015 it was reported that the NME
NME
was in discussions about removing the cover price and becoming a free publication. This was confirmed in July 2015.

The free NME
NME
launched on 18 September 2015, with Rihanna
Rihanna
on the cover. Distributed nationwide via universities, retail stores and the transport network, the first circulation numbers published in February 2016 of 307, 217 copies per week were the highest in the brand's history. Since relaunch the magazine has featured a number of high-profile international stars on the cover such as Coldplay
Coldplay
, Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
, Lana Del Rey , Kanye West and Green Day alongside emerging talent like Zara Larsson , Years Anthony Thornton was awarded Website Editor of the Year on three occasions – 2001 and 2002 (British Society of Magazine Editors) and 2002 (Periodical Publishers Association).

In 2004, Ben Perreau joined NME.com as the website's third editor. He relaunched and redeveloped the title in September 2005 and the focus was migrated towards video, audio and the wider music community. It was awarded Best Music Website at the Record of the Day awards in October 2005. In 2006 was awarded the BT Digital Music Award for Best Music Magazine and the first chairman's Award from the Association of Online Publishers awarded by the chairman, Simon Waldman in recognition of its pioneering role in its 10-year history.

In 2007, NME.com was launched in the USA with additional staff.

In October 2007, David Moynihan joined as the website's fourth editor. In 2008 the site won the BT Digital Music Award for Best Music Magazine, plus the Association of Online Publishers' Best Editorial Team Award, the British Society of Magazine Editors Website Editor of the Year and the Record of the Day Award for Best Music Website. In June 2009 NME.com won PPA Interactive Consumer Magazine of the Year (Periodical Publishers Association). In 2010 it won both the AOP and PPA website of the year award. That same year, NME.com expanded its coverage to include movies and TV as well as music.

Luke Lewis took over as editor of NME.com in March 2011, bringing a new focus on video content and user engagement, bringing comments to the fore and introducing user ratings on reviews. In 2011, NME.com had over 7 million monthly unique users (source: Omniture SiteCatalyst, 2011).

In May 2011, NME.com launched a sister site dedicated to video, NMEVideo.com, and released the NME
NME
Festivals smartphone app. Sponsored by BlackBerry, it featured line-ups, stage times, photo galleries and backstage video interviews, and was downloaded 30,000 times. The following month, NME
NME
launched its first iPad app, dedicated to Jack White.

In September 2011, NME.com organised and live-blogged a real-time Nirvana Nevermind
Nevermind
Twitter listening party to mark the 20th anniversary of the classic album. The site also launched a new series of self-produced band documentary films, entitled The Ultimate Guide.

In October 2011 the site celebrated its 15th birthday by publishing a list of the 150 best tracks of NME.com's lifetime. The number one song was Radiohead
Radiohead
's " Paranoid Android ".

NME's current digital editor is Charlotte Gunn, who replaced Greg Cochrane in 2015.

NME
NME
COVERS

See also: List of NME covers

NME
NME
AWARDS

Main article: NME Awards
NME Awards

NME Awards
NME Awards
is an awards show held every year to celebrate the best new music of the past year. The nominations and eventual winners are voted for by the readers of the magazine.

NME
NME
TOURS

Logo of the 2006 NME Awards
NME Awards
Tour. Main article: NME Tours

NME
NME
sponsors a tour of the United Kingdom by up-and-coming bands each year.

NME
NME
ORIGINALS

In 2002 the NME
NME
started publishing a series of themed magazines reprinting vintage articles, interviews and reviews from the NME archives. The magazine special editions were called NME Originals , with some featuring articles from other music titles owned by IPC, including Melody Maker , Rave and Uncut magazines. Notable issues so far have featured Arctic Monkeys
Arctic Monkeys
, Radiohead
Radiohead
, the Beatles , Punk rock , Gothic rock , Britpop
Britpop
, the Rolling Stones , Mod , Nirvana , and the solo years of the Beatles . The series has had several editors, the most prominent of whom have been Steve Sutherland and Chris Hunt . The most recent issue of NME Originals was published in 2005.

SEE ALSO

* List of NME covers * NME Album of the Year * NME Single of the Year * NME Radio * NME TV
NME TV
* NME: The Cool List 2005 * NME\'s Cool List * Melody Maker * Q * Select * Sounds

REFERENCES

* ^ Bureau of Circulations (UK)Audit Bureau of Circulations%5d%5d "ABC Certificates and Reports: New Musical Express" Check url= value (help ). Retrieved 16 January 2015.

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NME
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NME
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NME
magazine to be given away free". BBC News. Retrieved 6 July 2015. * ^ " NME
NME
readership soars past 1960s Beatles peak six months after going free". independent.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2016. * ^ A B "Contact Us : NME.COM". NME.com. New Musical Express. Retrieved 21 October 2013. * ^ " NME
NME
deputy editor Mike Williams steps up to edit IPC\'s weekly music title". The Guardian
The Guardian
. London. 31 May 2012. * ^ Helen Davies (October 2001). "All Rock and Roll Is Homosocial: The Representation of Women in the British Rock Music Press". Gender and Sexuality. 20 (3). JSTOR
JSTOR
853623 . * ^ "BBC Radio 2 – 60 Years of the Charts, Charting the Charts". BBC. 1 January 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2014. * ^ Long, Pat, 2012, The History of the NME: High Times and Low Lives at the World's Most Famous Music Magazine, Portico Books, London. p. 23, 29. ISBN 9781907554483 * ^ "QuickView & other data subscriptions". ABC. Retrieved 11 August 2014. * ^ Turner, Steve (2016). Beatles '66: The Revolutionary Year. New York, NY: HarperLuxe. pp. 21–22. ISBN 978-0-06-249713-0 . * ^ Kent, Nick, "The Dark Stuff" (Faber, 2007, p.xvi) * ^ Nick Kent
Nick Kent
'Apathy For The Devil', 2010, ISBN 9780571232864 , p81 * ^ A B "An old NME
NME
is vanquished". The Economist. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015. * ^ Paul, Gorman (2001). In Their Own Write: Adventures in the Music Press. Sanctuary. p. 189. ISBN 1-86074-341-2 . * ^ " NME
NME
Pop Poll Results 1952 – 1996". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 11 August 2014. * ^ Miles. "Kraftwerk: This is what your fathers fought to save you from". NME. 16 October 1976. Retrieved 8 August 2013 * ^ "MORRISSEY Flying the flag or flirting with disaster?". Motorcycleaupairboy.com. 22 August 1992. Retrieved 31 August 2010. * ^ "Entertainment Highlights from the Britpop
Britpop
year". BBC News. 15 August 2005. Retrieved 11 August 2014. * ^ Dickson, Andrew (2 December 2005). " NME
NME
defends album of year poll". The Guardian. London. * ^ " NME
NME
to launch Irish NME
NME
called NME
NME
Ireland". Tcal.net. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2010. * ^ " NME
NME
Ireland lasts just four months". Press Gazette. London. 9 February 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2010. * ^ "Guardian blogs All guardian.co.uk blogposts The Guardian". London: Blogs.guardian.co.uk. 19 August 2008. Retrieved 11 August 2014. * ^ Sweney, Mark (2012-05-31). " NME
NME
deputy editor Mike Williams steps up to edit IPC\'s weekly music title". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2016-11-20. * ^ "PPA : NME
NME
launches NME
NME
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NME
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