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Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
is a subfamily of ants, with about 140 extant genera;[1] their distribution is cosmopolitan. The pupae lack cocoons. Some species retain a functional sting. The petioles of Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
consist of two nodes. The nests are permanent and in soil, rotting wood, under stones, or in trees.[2]

Contents

1 Identification 2 Tribes 3 Genera 4 References 5 External links

Identification[edit] Myrmicine worker ants have a distinct postpetiole, i.e., abdominal segment III is notably smaller than segment IV and set off from it by a well-developed constriction; the pronotum is inflexibly fused to the rest of the mesosoma, such that the promesonotal suture is weakly impressed or absent; and a functional sting is usually present. The clypeus is well-developed; as a result, the antennal sockets are well separated from the anterior margin of the head. Most myrmicine genera possess well-developed eyes and frontal lobes that partly conceal the antennal insertions.[3] Tribes[edit] Recently, the number of tribes was reduced from over 20 to just 6:[4]

Attini
Attini
Smith, 1858 Crematogastrini
Crematogastrini
Forel, 1893 Myrmicini
Myrmicini
Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 Pogonomyrmecini
Pogonomyrmecini
Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2015 Solenopsidini
Solenopsidini
Forel, 1893 Stenammini
Stenammini
Ashmead, 1905

Genera[edit] In 2014, a majority of genera were placed into different tribes or moved to other subfamilies. Below is an updated list:[1][4]

Attini
Attini
Smith, 1858

Acanthognathus
Acanthognathus
Mayr, 1887 Acromyrmex
Acromyrmex
Mayr, 1865 Allomerus
Allomerus
Mayr, 1878 Apterostigma
Apterostigma
Mayr, 1865 Atta Fabricius, 1804 † Attaichnus
Attaichnus
Laza, 1982 Basiceros
Basiceros
Schulz, 1906 Blepharidatta
Blepharidatta
Wheeler, 1915 Cephalotes
Cephalotes
Latreille, 1802 Chimaeridris
Chimaeridris
Wilson, 1989 Colobostruma
Colobostruma
Wheeler, 1927 Cyatta
Cyatta
Sosa-Calvo et al., 2013 Cyphomyrmex
Cyphomyrmex
Mayr, 1862 Daceton
Daceton
Perty, 1833 Diaphoromyrma
Diaphoromyrma
Fernández, Delabie & Nascimento, 2009 Epopostruma
Epopostruma
Forel, 1895 Eurhopalothrix
Eurhopalothrix
Brown & Kempf, 1961 Ishakidris Bolton, 1984 Kalathomyrmex
Kalathomyrmex
Klingenberg & Brandão, 2009 Lachnomyrmex
Lachnomyrmex
Wheeler, 1910 Lenomyrmex
Lenomyrmex
Fernández & Palacio, 1999 Mesostruma
Mesostruma
Brown, 1948 Microdaceton
Microdaceton
Santschi, 1913 Mycetagroicus
Mycetagroicus
Brandão & Mayhé-Nunes, 2001 Mycetarotes
Mycetarotes
Emery, 1913 Mycetophylax
Mycetophylax
Emery, 1913 Mycetosoritis
Mycetosoritis
Wheeler, 1907 Mycocepurus
Mycocepurus
Forel, 1893 Myrmicocrypta
Myrmicocrypta
Smith, 1860 Ochetomyrmex
Ochetomyrmex
Mayr, 1878 Octostruma
Octostruma
Forel, 1912 Orectognathus
Orectognathus
Smith, 1853 Paramycetophylax
Paramycetophylax
Kusnezov, 1956 Phalacromyrmex
Phalacromyrmex
Kempf, 1960 Pheidole
Pheidole
Westwood, 1839 Pilotrochus
Pilotrochus
Brown, 1978 Procryptocerus
Procryptocerus
Emery, 1887 Protalaridris
Protalaridris
Brown, 1980 Pseudoatta
Pseudoatta
Gallardo, 1916 Rhopalothrix
Rhopalothrix
Mayr, 1870 Sericomyrmex
Sericomyrmex
Mayr, 1865 Strumigenys
Strumigenys
Smith, 1860 Talaridris
Talaridris
Weber, 1941 Trachymyrmex
Trachymyrmex
Forel, 1893 Tranopelta
Tranopelta
Mayr, 1866 Wasmannia
Wasmannia
Forel, 1893

Crematogastrini
Crematogastrini
Forel, 1893

Acanthomyrmex
Acanthomyrmex
Emery, 1893 Adlerzia
Adlerzia
Forel, 1902 Ancyridris
Ancyridris
Wheeler, 1935 Atopomyrmex
Atopomyrmex
André, 1889 Calyptomyrmex
Calyptomyrmex
Emery, 1887 Cardiocondyla
Cardiocondyla
Emery, 1869 Carebara
Carebara
Westwood, 1840 Cataulacus
Cataulacus
Smith, 1853 Crematogaster
Crematogaster
Lund, 1831 Cyphoidris
Cyphoidris
Weber, 1952 Dacatria
Dacatria
Rigato, 1994 Dacetinops
Dacetinops
Brown & Wilson, 1957 Dicroaspis
Dicroaspis
Emery, 1908 Dilobocondyla
Dilobocondyla
Santschi, 1910 Diplomorium
Diplomorium
Mayr, 1901 †Enneamerus Mayr, 1868 †Eocenomyrma Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006 Eutetramorium
Eutetramorium
Emery, 1899 Formicoxenus
Formicoxenus
Mayr, 1855 Formosimyrma Terayama, 2009 Gauromyrmex
Gauromyrmex
Menozzi, 1933 Gaoligongidris Xu, 2012 Harpagoxenus
Harpagoxenus
Forel, 1893 Huberia
Huberia
Forel, 1890 †Hypopomyrmex Emery, 1891 Indomyrma
Indomyrma
Brown, 1986 Kartidris
Kartidris
Bolton, 1991 Lasiomyrma
Lasiomyrma
Terayama & Yamane, 2000 Leptothorax
Leptothorax
Mayr, 1855 Liomyrmex
Liomyrmex
Mayr, 1865 †Lonchomyrmex Mayr, 1867 Lophomyrmex
Lophomyrmex
Emery, 1892 Lordomyrma
Lordomyrma
Emery, 1897 Malagidris Bolton & Fisher, 2014 Mayriella
Mayriella
Forel, 1902 Melissotarsus
Melissotarsus
Emery, 1877 Meranoplus
Meranoplus
Smith, 1853 Metapone
Metapone
Forel, 1911 Myrmecina
Myrmecina
Curtis, 1829 Myrmisaraka
Myrmisaraka
Bolton & Fisher, 2014 Nesomyrmex
Nesomyrmex
Wheeler, 1910 Ocymyrmex
Ocymyrmex
Emery, 1886 †Oxyidris Wilson, 1985 †Parameranoplus Wheeler, 1915 Paratopula
Paratopula
Wheeler, 1919 Perissomyrmex
Perissomyrmex
Smith, 1947 Peronomyrmex
Peronomyrmex
Viehmeyer, 1922 Podomyrma
Podomyrma
Smith, 1859 Poecilomyrma
Poecilomyrma
Mann, 1921 Pristomyrmex
Pristomyrmex
Mayr, 1866 Proatta
Proatta
Forel, 1912 Propodilobus Branstetter, 2009 Recurvidris
Recurvidris
Bolton, 1992 Rhopalomastix
Rhopalomastix
Forel, 1900 Romblonella
Romblonella
Wheeler, 1935 Rostromyrmex
Rostromyrmex
Rosciszewski, 1994 Rotastruma
Rotastruma
Bolton, 1991 Royidris
Royidris
Bolton & Fisher, 2014 Secostruma Bolton, 1988 Stereomyrmex
Stereomyrmex
Emery, 1901 †Stigmomyrmex Mayr, 1868 †Stiphromyrmex Wheeler, 1915 Strongylognathus
Strongylognathus
Mayr, 1853 Temnothorax
Temnothorax
Mayr, 1861 Terataner
Terataner
Emery, 1912 Tetheamyrma
Tetheamyrma
Bolton, 1991 Tetramorium
Tetramorium
Mayr, 1855 Trichomyrmex
Trichomyrmex
Mayr, 1865 Vitsika
Vitsika
Bolton & Fisher, 2014 Vollenhovia
Vollenhovia
Mayr, 1865 Vombisidris
Vombisidris
Bolton, 1991 Xenomyrmex
Xenomyrmex
Forel, 1885

Myrmicini
Myrmicini
Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835

Manica Jurine, 1807 Myrmica
Myrmica
Latreille, 1804 †Plesiomyrmex Dlussky & Radchenko, 2009 †Protomyrmica Dlussky & Radchenko, 2009

Pogonomyrmecini
Pogonomyrmecini
Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2014

Hylomyrma
Hylomyrma
Forel, 1912 Pogonomyrmex
Pogonomyrmex
Mayr, 1868

Solenopsidini
Solenopsidini
Forel, 1893

Adelomyrmex
Adelomyrmex
Emery, 1897 Anillomyrma
Anillomyrma
Emery, 1913 Austromorium Shattuck, 2009 Baracidris
Baracidris
Bolton, 1981 Bariamyrma
Bariamyrma
Lattke, 1990 Bondroitia
Bondroitia
Forel, 1911 Cryptomyrmex
Cryptomyrmex
Fernández, 2004 Dolopomyrmex
Dolopomyrmex
Cover & Deyrup, 2007 Epelysidris
Epelysidris
Bolton, 1987 Kempfidris Fernández, Feitosa & Lattke, 2014 Megalomyrmex
Megalomyrmex
Forel, 1885 Monomorium
Monomorium
Mayr, 1855 Myrmicaria
Myrmicaria
Saunders, 1842 Oxyepoecus
Oxyepoecus
Santschi, 1926 Rogeria Emery, 1894 Solenopsis Westwood, 1840 Stegomyrmex
Stegomyrmex
Emery, 1912 Syllophopsis Santschi, 1915 Tropidomyrmex
Tropidomyrmex
Silva, Feitosa, Brandão & Diniz, 2009 Tyrannomyrmex
Tyrannomyrmex
Fernández, 2003

Stenammini
Stenammini
Ashmead, 1905

Aphaenogaster
Aphaenogaster
Mayr, 1853 Goniomma
Goniomma
Emery, 1895 Messor
Messor
Forel, 1890 Novomessor
Novomessor
Emery, 1915 Oxyopomyrmex
Oxyopomyrmex
André, 1881 †Paraphaenogaster Dlussky, 1981 Stenamma
Stenamma
Westwood, 1839 Veromessor
Veromessor
Forel, 1917

incertae sedis

Afromyrma Dlussky, Brothers & Rasnitsyn, 2004 † Agastomyrma Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva, 2015 †Bilobomyrma Radchenko & Dlussky, 2013 †Biamomyrma Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva, 2015 †Boltonidris Radchenko & Dlussky, 2012 †Brachytarsites Hong, 2002 †Cephalomyrmex Carpenter, 1930 †Clavipetiola Hong, 2002 † Electromyrmex
Electromyrmex
Wheeler, 1910 †Eocenidris Wilson, 1985 †Eomyrmex Hong, 1974 †Fallomyrma Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006 †Fushunomyrmex Hong, 2002 †Ilemomyrmex Wilson, 1985 †Miosolenopsis Zhang, 1989 †Myrmecites Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 †Orbigastrula Hong, 2002 †Quadrulicapito Hong, 2002 †Quineangulicapito Hong, 2002 †Sinomyrmex Hong, 2002 †Solenopsites Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 †Sphaerogasterites Hong, 2002 †Wumyrmex Hong, 2002 †Zhangidris Bolton, 2003

References[edit]

^ a b c Bolton, B. (2014). "Myrmicinae". AntCat. Retrieved 26 July 2014.  ^ Goulet, H & Huber, JT (eds.) (1993) Hymenoptera
Hymenoptera
of the world: an identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada. p. 224 ^ "Subfamily: Myrmicinae". antweb.org. AntWeb. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ a b Ward, Philip S.; Brady, Sean G.; Fisher, Brian L.; Schultz, Ted R. (July 2014). "The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Systematic Entomology. 40 (1). doi:10.1111/syen.12090. ISSN 1365-3113. 

This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: "Subfamily: Myrmicinae". antweb.org. AntWeb. Retrieved 21 September 2013.  Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

External links[edit]

Media related to Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
at Wikispecies

v t e

Ant
Ant
taxonomy

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Family Formicidae

Subfamilies

Extant

Agroecomyrmecinae Amblyoponinae Aneuretinae Apomyrminae Dolichoderinae Dorylinae Ectatomminae Formicinae Heteroponerinae Leptanillinae Martialinae Myrmeciinae Myrmicinae Paraponerinae Ponerinae Proceratiinae Pseudomyrmecinae

Fossil

†Armaniinae †Brownimeciinae †Formiciinae †Sphecomyrminae

Genera

List of ant genera

incertae sedis

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1060265 ADW: Myrmicinae BugGuide: 27662 EoL: 2729817 Fauna Europaea: 80618 Fossilworks: 70731 ITIS:

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