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MYRMICINAE is a subfamily of ants , with about 140 extant genera; their distribution is cosmopolitan . The pupae lack cocoons . Some species retain a functional sting . The petioles of Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
consist of two nodes. The nests are permanent and in soil, rotting wood, under stones, or in trees.

CONTENTS

* 1 Identification * 2 Tribes * 3 Genera * 4 References * 5 External links

IDENTIFICATION

Myrmicine worker ants have a distinct postpetiole , i.e., abdominal segment III is notably smaller than segment IV and set off from it by a well-developed constriction; the pronotum is inflexibly fused to the rest of the mesosoma , such that the promesonotal suture is weakly impressed or absent; and a functional sting is usually present. The clypeus is well-developed; as a result, the antennal sockets are well separated from the anterior margin of the head. Most myrmicine genera possess well-developed eyes and frontal lobes that partly conceal the antennal insertions.

TRIBES

Recently, the number of tribes was reduced from over 20 to just 6:

* Attini Smith, 1858 * Crematogastrini Forel, 1893 * Myrmicini Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 * Pogonomyrmecini
Pogonomyrmecini
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* Attini Smith, 1858

* Acanthognathus
Acanthognathus
Mayr, 1887 * Acromyrmex Mayr, 1865 * Allomerus Mayr, 1878 * Apterostigma Mayr, 1865 * Atta Fabricius, 1804 * † Attaichnus Laza, 1982 * Basiceros Schulz, 1906 * Blepharidatta Wheeler, 1915 * Cephalotes
Cephalotes
Latreille, 1802 * Chimaeridris Wilson, 1989 * Colobostruma Wheeler, 1927 * Cyatta Sosa-Calvo et al., 2013 * Cyphomyrmex Mayr, 1862 * Daceton Perty, 1833 * Diaphoromyrma Fernández, Delabie & Nascimento, 2009 * Epopostruma Forel, 1895 * Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf, 1961 * Ishakidris Bolton, 1984 * Kalathomyrmex Klingenberg & Brandão, 2009 * Lachnomyrmex Wheeler, 1910 * Lenomyrmex Fernández & Palacio, 1999 * Mesostruma Brown, 1948 * Microdaceton Santschi, 1913 * Mycetagroicus Brandão & Mayhé-Nunes, 2001 * Mycetarotes
Mycetarotes
Emery, 1913 * Mycetophylax
Mycetophylax
Emery, 1913 * Mycetosoritis
Mycetosoritis
Wheeler, 1907 * Mycocepurus
Mycocepurus
Forel, 1893 * Myrmicocrypta Smith, 1860 * Ochetomyrmex
Ochetomyrmex
Mayr, 1878 * Octostruma
Octostruma
Forel, 1912 * Orectognathus Smith, 1853 * Paramycetophylax Kusnezov, 1956 * Phalacromyrmex
Phalacromyrmex
Kempf, 1960 * Pheidole
Pheidole
Westwood, 1839 * Pilotrochus Brown, 1978 * Procryptocerus
Procryptocerus
Emery, 1887 * Protalaridris Brown, 1980 * Pseudoatta Gallardo, 1916 * Rhopalothrix
Rhopalothrix
Mayr, 1870 * Sericomyrmex Mayr, 1865 * Strumigenys Smith, 1860 * Talaridris
Talaridris
Weber, 1941 * Trachymyrmex
Trachymyrmex
Forel, 1893 * Tranopelta
Tranopelta
Mayr, 1866 * Wasmannia
Wasmannia
Forel, 1893

* Crematogastrini Forel, 1893

* Acanthomyrmex Emery, 1893 * Adlerzia Forel, 1902 * Ancyridris Wheeler, 1935 * Atopomyrmex André, 1889 * Calyptomyrmex Emery, 1887 * Cardiocondyla Emery, 1869 * Carebara Westwood, 1840 * Cataulacus Smith, 1853 * Crematogaster Lund, 1831 * Cyphoidris Weber, 1952 * Dacatria Rigato, 1994 * Dacetinops Brown & Wilson, 1957 * Dicroaspis Emery, 1908 * Dilobocondyla Santschi, 1910 * Diplomorium Mayr, 1901 * †Enneamerus Mayr, 1868 * †Eocenomyrma Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006 * Eutetramorium Emery, 1899 * Formicoxenus
Formicoxenus
Mayr, 1855 * Formosimyrma Terayama, 2009 * Gauromyrmex Menozzi, 1933 * Gaoligongidris Xu, 2012 * Harpagoxenus Forel, 1893 * Huberia Forel, 1890 * †Hypopomyrmex Emery, 1891 * Indomyrma Brown, 1986 * Kartidris Bolton, 1991 * Lasiomyrma Terayama & Yamane, 2000 * Leptothorax Mayr, 1855 * Liomyrmex Mayr, 1865 * †Lonchomyrmex Mayr, 1867 * Lophomyrmex Emery, 1892 * Lordomyrma Emery, 1897 * Malagidris Bolton & Fisher, 2014 * Mayriella Forel, 1902 * Melissotarsus Emery, 1877 * Meranoplus Smith, 1853 * Metapone Forel, 1911 * Myrmecina Curtis, 1829 * Myrmisaraka Bolton & Fisher, 2014 * Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910 * Ocymyrmex Emery, 1886 * †Oxyidris Wilson, 1985 * †Parameranoplus Wheeler, 1915 * Paratopula Wheeler, 1919 * Perissomyrmex Smith, 1947 * Peronomyrmex Viehmeyer, 1922 * Podomyrma Smith, 1859 * Poecilomyrma Mann, 1921 * Pristomyrmex Mayr, 1866 * Proatta Forel, 1912 * Propodilobus Branstetter, 2009 * Recurvidris Bolton, 1992 * Rhopalomastix Forel, 1900 * Romblonella Wheeler, 1935 * Rostromyrmex Rosciszewski, 1994 * Rotastruma Bolton, 1991 * Royidris Bolton & Fisher, 2014 * Secostruma Bolton, 1988 * Stereomyrmex Emery, 1901 * †Stigmomyrmex Mayr, 1868 * †Stiphromyrmex Wheeler, 1915 * Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853 * Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 * Terataner Emery, 1912 * Tetheamyrma Bolton, 1991 * Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 * Trichomyrmex Mayr, 1865 * Vitsika Bolton & Fisher, 2014 * Vollenhovia
Vollenhovia
Mayr, 1865 * Vombisidris
Vombisidris
Bolton, 1991 * Xenomyrmex Forel, 1885

* Myrmicini Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835

* Manica Jurine, 1807 * Myrmica Latreille, 1804 * †Plesiomyrmex Dlussky & Radchenko, 2009 * †Protomyrmica Dlussky & Radchenko, 2009

* Pogonomyrmecini
Pogonomyrmecini
Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2014

* Hylomyrma Forel, 1912 * Pogonomyrmex
Pogonomyrmex
Mayr, 1868

* Solenopsidini Forel, 1893

* Adelomyrmex Emery, 1897 * Anillomyrma Emery, 1913 * Austromorium Shattuck, 2009 * Baracidris Bolton, 1981 * Bariamyrma Lattke, 1990 * Bondroitia Forel, 1911 * Cryptomyrmex Fernández, 2004 * Dolopomyrmex Cover & Deyrup, 2007 * Epelysidris Bolton, 1987 * Kempfidris Fernández, Feitosa & Lattke, 2014 * Megalomyrmex Forel, 1885 * Monomorium
Monomorium
Mayr, 1855 * Myrmicaria Saunders, 1842 * Oxyepoecus Santschi, 1926 * Rogeria Emery, 1894 * Solenopsis Westwood, 1840 * Stegomyrmex Emery, 1912 * Syllophopsis Santschi, 1915 * Tropidomyrmex Silva, Feitosa, Brandão & Diniz, 2009 * Tyrannomyrmex Fernández, 2003

* Stenammini Ashmead, 1905

* Aphaenogaster
Aphaenogaster
Mayr, 1853 * Goniomma
Goniomma
Emery, 1895 * Messor
Messor
Forel, 1890 * Novomessor Emery, 1915 * Oxyopomyrmex André, 1881 * †Paraphaenogaster Dlussky, 1981 * Stenamma
Stenamma
Westwood, 1839 * Veromessor
Veromessor
Forel, 1917

* incertae sedis

* † Afromyrma Dlussky, Brothers & Rasnitsyn, 2004 * † Agastomyrma Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva, 2015 * †Bilobomyrma Radchenko & Dlussky, 2013 * †Biamomyrma Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva, 2015 * †Boltonidris Radchenko & Dlussky, 2012 * †Brachytarsites Hong, 2002 * †Cephalomyrmex Carpenter, 1930 * †Clavipetiola Hong, 2002 * † Electromyrmex
Electromyrmex
Wheeler, 1910 * †Eocenidris Wilson, 1985 * †Eomyrmex Hong, 1974 * †Fallomyrma Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006 * †Fushunomyrmex Hong, 2002 * †Ilemomyrmex Wilson, 1985 * †Miosolenopsis Zhang, 1989 * †Myrmecites Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 * †Orbigastrula Hong, 2002 * †Quadrulicapito Hong, 2002 * †Quineangulicapito Hong, 2002 * †Sinomyrmex Hong, 2002 * †Solenopsites Dlussky ">

* ^ A B C Bolton, B. (2014). "Myrmicinae". AntCat. Retrieved 26 July 2014. * ^ Goulet, H & Huber, JT (eds.) (1993) Hymenoptera
Hymenoptera
of the world: an identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada. p. 224 * ^ "Subfamily: Myrmicinae". antweb.org. AntWeb . Retrieved 7 November 2016. * ^ A B Ward, Philip S.; Brady, Sean G.; Fisher, Brian L.; Schultz, Ted R. (July 2014). "The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Systematic Entomology. 40 (1). ISSN 1365-3113 . doi :10.1111/syen.12090 .

* This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: "Subfamily: Myrmicinae". antweb.org. AntWeb . Retrieved 21 September 2013. Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Media related to Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
at Wikimedia Commons *

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