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The Moselle
Moselle
(French: la Moselle, IPA: [mɔzɛl]; German: Mosel; Luxembourgish: Musel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg, and Germany. It is a left tributary of the Rhine, which it joins at Koblenz. A small part of Belgium
Belgium
is also drained by the Moselle through the Sauer
Sauer
and the Our. The Moselle
Moselle
"twists and turns its way between Trier
Trier
and Koblenz
Koblenz
along one of Germany's most beautiful river valleys."[1] It flows through a region that has been influenced by mankind since it was first cultivated by the Romans. Today, its hillsides are covered by terraced vineyards where "some of the best Rieslings grow",[1] and numerous ruined castles dominate the hilltops above wine villages and towns that line the riverbanks. Traben-Trarbach
Traben-Trarbach
with its art nouveau architecture and Bernkastel-Kues
Bernkastel-Kues
with its traditional market square are two of the many popular tourist attractions on the Moselle
Moselle
river.

Contents

1 Name 2 Geography

2.1 River
River
sections 2.2 Catchment 2.3 Tributaries

2.3.1 List of tributaries

2.4 Towns 2.5 Adjacent mountain ranges

3 Geology 4 Water levels 5 History 6 Economy

6.1 Navigation 6.2 Locks and dams (weirs) 6.3 Tourism 6.4 Wine 6.5 Moselle
Moselle
umbrella brand 6.6 Moselle
Moselle
Slate

7 Literature 8 Castles 9 See also 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

Name[edit] The name Moselle
Moselle
is derived from the Celtic name form, Moseal, via the Latin
Latin
Mosella, a diminutive form of Mosa, the Latin
Latin
description of the Meuse, which used to flow parallel to the Moselle. So the Mosella was the "Little Meuse". The Moselle
Moselle
is first recorded by Tacitus in Book 13 of his Annals[2] and in Book 4 of his Histories.[3] The Roman poet, Decimius Magnus Ausonius, made it a literary theme as early as the 4th century. In his poem dated A.D. 371, called Mosella, which was published in 483 hexameters, this poet of the Late Antiquity and teacher at the Trier
Trier
Imperial Court (Kaiserhof) described a journey from Bingen over the Hunsrück
Hunsrück
hills to the Moselle
Moselle
and then following its course to Trier
Trier
on the road named after him, the Via Ausonius. Ausonius
Ausonius
describes flourishing and rich landscapes along the river and in the valley of the Moselle, thanks to the policies of their Roman rulers. The river subsequently gave its name to two French republican départements: Moselle
Moselle
and Meurthe-et-Moselle. Geography[edit]

Moselle
Moselle
basin area

The source of the Moselle
Moselle
is at 715 metres above sea level on the Col de Bussang
Bussang
on the western slopes of the Ballon d'Alsace
Ballon d'Alsace
in the Vosges. After 544 kilometres it discharges into the Rhine
Rhine
at the Deutsches Eck in Koblenz
Koblenz
at a height of 59 metres above NHN. The length of the river in France
France
is 314 kilometres,[4] for 39 kilometres it forms the border between Germany
Germany
and Luxembourg, and 208 kilometres are solely within Germany. The Moselle
Moselle
flows through the Lorraine region, west of the Vosges. Further downstream, in Germany, the Moselle valley
Moselle valley
forms the division between the Eifel
Eifel
and Hunsrück
Hunsrück
mountain regions. The average flow rate of the Moselle
Moselle
at its mouth is 328 m³/s,[5] making it the second largest tributary of the Rhine by volume after the Aare
Aare
(560 m³/s) and bigger than the Main and Neckar.[6] River
River
sections[edit] The section of the Moselle
Moselle
from the Franco-German- Luxembourg
Luxembourg
tripoint to its confluence with the Saar near Konz
Konz
shortly before Trier
Trier
is in Germany
Germany
known (geographically incorrectly) as the Upper Moselle. The section from Trier
Trier
to Pünderich
Pünderich
is the Middle Moselle, the section between Pünderich
Pünderich
and its mouth in Koblenz
Koblenz
as the Lower Moselle
Lower Moselle
or Terraced Moselle
Moselle
(Terrassenmosel). Characteristic of the Middle and Lower Moselle
Lower Moselle
are its wide meanders cut deeply into the highlands of the Rhenish Massif, the most striking of which is the Cochemer Krampen between Bremm
Bremm
and Cochem. Also typical are its vineyard terraces. From the tripoint the Moselle
Moselle
marks the entire Saarland-Luxembourg. Catchment[edit] The catchment area of the Moselle
Moselle
is 28,286 km² in area. The French part covers 15,360 km², about 54 percent of the entire catchment. The German state of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
has 6,980 km², the Saarland
Saarland
2,569 km², Luxembourg 2,521 km², Wallonia (Belgium) 767 km² and North Rhine-Westphalia, 88 km². Tributaries[edit] The three largest tributaries of the Moselle
Moselle
are, in order, the Meurthe, the Saar and the Sauer. The Meurthe was the old upper course of the Moselle, until the latter captured the former upper reaches of the Meuse
Meuse
and took it over. However, the Meuse
Meuse
only delivered a little more water than the Meurthe at its confluence. The Saar is the biggest of all the tributaries (78.2 m³/s) as well as the longest (246 km). The Sauer
Sauer
is the largest left-hand tributary and drains the region on either side of the German- Luxembourg
Luxembourg
border. The largest tributary relative to the Moselle
Moselle
at its confluence is the Moselotte, which is about 40% greater by volumetric flow and thus represents the main branch of the Moselle
Moselle
system. At its mouth, the Mosell delivers 328 m³/s of water into the Rhine
Rhine
after flowing for 544 km.

List of tributaries[edit] From the left: Madon, Terrouin, Esch, Rupt de Mad, Orne, Fensch, Gander, Syre, Sauer, Kyll, Salm, Lieser, Alf, Endert, Brohlbach, Elz. From the right: Moselotte, Vologne, Meurthe, Seille, Saar, Olewiger Bach, Avelsbach, Ruwer, Feller Bach, Dhron, Ahringsbach, Kautenbach, Lützbach, Flaumbach, Altlayer Bach, Baybach, Ehrbach. Towns[edit] Towns along the Moselle
Moselle
are:

in France: Épinal, Toul, Pont-à-Mousson, Metz
Metz
and Thionville in Luxembourg: Schengen, Remich, Grevenmacher
Grevenmacher
and Wasserbillig in Germany: Konz, Trier, Schweich, Bernkastel-Kues, Traben-Trarbach, Zell, Cochem
Cochem
and Koblenz

Adjacent mountain ranges[edit] From Trier
Trier
downstream the Moselle
Moselle
separates the two Central Upland ranges of the Eifel
Eifel
(to the northwest) and the Hunsrück
Hunsrück
(to the southeast). Geology[edit] The Vosges, the present source region of the Moselle, were formed about 50 million years ago. In the Miocene
Miocene
and Pliocene
Pliocene
epochs the ancient Moselle
Moselle
(Urmosel) was already a tributary of the ancient Rhine (Ur-Rhein). When, in the Quaternary
Quaternary
period, the Rhenish Massif
Rhenish Massif
slowly rose, the meanders of the Moselle
Moselle
were formed between the Trier
Trier
Valley and the Neuwied Basin. Water levels[edit]

High water
High water
marks in the Old Town of Cochem

The highest navigable water level (HSW) is 695 cm and normal level (NSt) is 200 cm at the Trier
Trier
Gauge (Pegel Trier). High water:

11.28 m, Trier
Trier
Gauge on 21 December 1993 10.56 m, Trier
Trier
Gauge on 28 May 1983 10.33 m, Trier
Trier
Gauge on 23 January 1995 10.26 m, Trier
Trier
Gauge on 12 April 1983 09.92 m, Trier
Trier
Gauge on 27 February 1997

Low water:

00.47 m in Bernkastel on 28 July 1921

History[edit]

Arm of the Moselle
Moselle
entering the old town quarter of Metz

The Moselle
Moselle
was known to the Romans by the name of Flumen Musalla (in the Tabula Peutingeriana), and the river was romanticised by the poet Ausonius
Ausonius
around 371 A.D. From 1815, the Moselle
Moselle
formed the border between the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
and Prussia
Prussia
( German Empire
German Empire
in 1871). In the act of 10 April 1952 ratifying the treaty instituted by the E.C.S.C., Article 2 charged the French Government "to initiate, before the establishment of the Common Market, negotiations with the governments concerned in order to achieve a rapid implementation of the canalisation of the Moselle
Moselle
between Thionville
Thionville
and Koblenz.[7][8][9] The River
River
was canalised between Metz
Metz
and Thionville, via a canal opened in 1964 by the Grand Duchess, Charlotte of Luxembourg, the Federal Chancellor of Germany, Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Adenauer
and their host, General de Gaulle, President of France.[10] It is on the Moselle, at the site of the Franco-German-Luxembourg tripoint, that the Schengen Agreement
Schengen Agreement
was signed in 1992, establishing the free movement of goods and people in the European Community. Economy[edit] The Moselle valley
Moselle valley
between Metz
Metz
and Thionville
Thionville
is an industrial area, with coal mining and steel manufactures. The Moselle valley
Moselle valley
is famous for its beautiful scenery and the excellent wine produced. Most well-known is the German Mosel wine region, while the Luxembourg
Luxembourg
winegrowing region is called Moselle Luxembourgeoise and the French region is called AOC Moselle. Most notable among the wines produced here are Riesling, Elbling, Müller-Thurgau, Kerner, and Auxerrois. The German part of the Moselle is a particularly popular tourist destination. Navigation[edit] After the Second World War, France
France
pressed to be able to ply the Moselle
Moselle
with larger ships in order to be able to link the industrial regions of Lorraine. When, in 1955, the population on the Saar voted to belong to West Germany, France
France
demanded as "compensation" an upgrade of the Moselle. On 27 October 1956 they concluded the Moselle Treaty with Germany
Germany
and Luxembourg
Luxembourg
for a canalisation of the Moselle and conceded to Germany
Germany
in return the extension of the Grand Canal d'Alsace on the Upper Rhine
Rhine
instead of an extension of the canal via Breisach. In 1958 work began and by 26 May 1964 the Moselle
Moselle
could be officially opened from Metz
Metz
to Koblenz
Koblenz
as a major waterway for shipping with 14 locks. France
France
extended it by 1979 as far as Neuves-Maisons. With that, 394 km of the Moselle
Moselle
have been upgraded with a total of 28 locks. In the years 1992 to 1999 the navigable channel was deepened from 2.7 to 3.00 metres, which enables 1500-tonne freighters to use the river, a 20% increase in capacity. The channel has a width of 40 metres, more on the bends. The International Moselle
Moselle
Commission (IMK), founded in 1962 with its head office in Trier, is responsible for navigation. The Moselle
Moselle
Shipping Police Act which it has produced is valid in all three participant states i.e. from Metz
Metz
to Koblenz. In 1921 the Moselle
Moselle
(Mo) became a Reich waterway,[11] today it is a federal waterway (Bundeswasserstraße)[12] from Apach
Apach
at the tripoint to its mouth on the Rhine
Rhine
at kilometre 592.29[13] in Koblenz. The waterway is 242 kilometres[13] long and managed by the Trier
Trier
and Koblenz
Koblenz
Water and Shipping Offices (Wasser- und Schifffahrtsämtern Trier
Trier
und Koblenz). It is categorized as a European waterway of Class Vb. Its kilometrage begins at its mouth with km 0 and runs upstream. Since 1816 it has formed a 36-km-long[13] condominium from Apach, a common German- Luxembourg
Luxembourg
sovereign area with a division of responsibilities set out in a 1976 agreement. The International Moselle
Moselle
Company, initially set up in 1957 to finance the construction of the river's upgrade, manages the shipping charges and the operation and maintenance of the waterway which they are used to fund.

Fankel barrage

Today the Moselle
Moselle
is navigable for large cargo ships up to 110 metres (360 ft) long[14] from the Rhine
Rhine
in Koblenz
Koblenz
up to Neuves-Maisons, south of Nancy. For smaller ships it is connected to other parts of France
France
through the Canal de l'Est
Canal de l'Est
and the Canal de la Marne au Rhin. There are locks in Koblenz, Lehmen, Müden, Fankel, Sankt Aldegund, Enkirch, Zeltingen, Wintrich, Detzem, Trier, Grevenmacher, Palzem,[14] Apach, Kœnigsmacker, Thionville, Richemont, Talange, Metz, Ars-sur-Moselle, Pagny-sur-Moselle, Blénod-lès-Pont-à-Mousson, Custines, Pompey, Aingeray, Fontenoy-sur-Moselle, Toul, Villey-le-Sec, and Neuves-Maisons.[15] By 1970 more than 10 million tonnes of goods were being transported on the Moselle, the majority on towed barges. Upstream freight mainly comprised fuel and ores; downstream the main goods were steel products, gravel and rocks. There is an inland port at Trier, a transshipment site in Zell (Mosel); and there are other ports in Mertert, Thionville, Metz
Metz
and Frouard. In addition to freighters there are also pleasure boats for tourists between the very busy wine villages and small towns of the Middle and Lower Moselle. There are also yachting or sports marinas in the following places: Koblenz, Winningen, Brodenbach, Burgen, Löf, Hatzenport, Senheim, Treis, Traben-Trarbach, Kues, Neumagen, Pölich, Schweich, Trier
Trier
and Konz. The Moselle
Moselle
is linked near Toul
Toul
via the Canal de la Marne au Rhin
Canal de la Marne au Rhin
with inter alia the Meuse, the Saône
Saône
and the Rhône. Other canals link the river to the North Sea
North Sea
and even the Mediterranean. Locks and dams (weirs)[edit]

Lehmen
Lehmen
Locks

There is a total of 28 changes of level on the Moselle:

16 in France
France
near Neuves-Maisons, Villey-le-Sec, Toul, Fontenoy-sur-Moselle, Aingeray, Frouard-Pompey, Custines, Blénod-lès-Pont-à-Mousson, Pagny-sur-Moselle, Ars-sur-Moselle, Metz, Talange, Richemont, Thionville, Kœnigsmacker
Kœnigsmacker
and Apach 2 between Luxembourg
Luxembourg
and Germany
Germany
near Stadtbredimus- Palzem
Palzem
and Grevenmacher-Wellen 10 in Germany
Germany
near Trier, Detzem, Wintrich, Zeltingen, Enkirch, St. Aldegund, Fankel, Müden, Lehmen
Lehmen
and Koblenz. Detzem
Detzem
is the highest lock - 9 metres - and at 29 kilometres the upstream reach is the longest on the river; it is the only lock to be built on a canal of some length excavated outside the river bed.

With the exception of Detzem, all the structures at each change in level are laid out side by side; the lock is by one riverbank, the weir in the middle and the hydropower plant on the other bank. Between the lock and weir are a boat slipway/boat channel and boat lock, while between the weir and the power station is the fish ladder. The structures have been blended into the landscape through their low-level design; this was achieved by the choice of sector gates for the weir, vertically lowering upper gates and mitred lower lock gates. The water levels and hydropower works are controlled by the Fankel Central Control Station (Zentralwarte Fankel) of the RWE Power Company at Fankel. Tourism[edit]

The Moselle
Moselle
landscape, painting by Carl Friedrich Lessing

Through the Moselle valley
Moselle valley
run the Moselle
Moselle
Wine Road and the Moselle Cycleway, which may be cycled from Metz
Metz
in France
France
via Trier
Trier
to Koblenz on the River
River
Rhine, a distance of 311 kilometres. Between Koblenz
Koblenz
and Trier, large sections run on the trackbed of the old Moselle
Moselle
Valley Railway, far from the noise and fumes of motor vehicles. Every year on the Sunday after Pentecost, the 140 kilometres of road between Schweich
Schweich
and Cochem
Cochem
is also car-free as part of the Happy Moselle
Moselle
Day. A number of notable castles and ruins adorn the heights above the Moselle valley
Moselle valley
and many are visible on a boat trip on the Moselle. In 1910, a hiking trail, the Moselle
Moselle
Ridgeway, was established which runs for 185 kilometres on the Eifel
Eifel
side and 262 kilometres on the Hunsrück
Hunsrück
side. Another unusual trail runs from Ediger-Eller
Ediger-Eller
via the Calmont Trail to Bremm
Bremm
through the steepest vineyard in Europe. Before the construction of barrages the Moselle
Moselle
was a popular route for ustufen beliebter Wanderfluss für folding kayaks which is why many of the weirs have boat channels. The river is still used today by canoeists, especially during the annual week-long lock closures when no commercial shipping is permitted. In April 2014 the Moselle
Moselle
Trail was opened, a path running for 365 kilometres from Perl on the Upper Moselle
Upper Moselle
to Koblenz. Numerous Moselle Trail "partner trails", the so-called side branches (Seitensprünge) and "dream paths" (Traumpfade) enhance the hiking network in the Moselle
Moselle
Valley.[16] The ADAC's Rallye Deutschland
Rallye Deutschland
has taken place since 2000 in the vineyards along the Moselle
Moselle
at Veldenz, Dhron, Piesport, Minheim, Kesten, Trittenheim, Fell, Ruwertal and Trier. At Koblenz
Koblenz
Locks the Mosellum offers exhibitions about the migration of fish in the Moselle
Moselle
as well as water ecology, navigation and power generation. With the construction of the visitor and information centre the most modern fish ladder along the Moselle
Moselle
was opened. Wine[edit] A wine-growing region lies along the Moselle
Moselle
with a cultivated area of about 10,540 hectares. The largest part, currently just under 9,000 ha, is on German soil in the states of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
and Saarland; the Luxembourg
Luxembourg
part has an area of about 1,300 hectares (see Wine in Luxembourg). Upstream on the Moselle
Moselle
the vineyards extend into France
France
as far as Seille in the region of Côtes de Moselle
Moselle
with an area of 130 hectares and to the region around Toul
Toul
(Côtes de Toul) covering 110 hectares. The German Moselle
Moselle
wine region, including its tributaries, bears the growing and manufacturing name of "Mosel". For marketing reasons the agricultural authorities of the region have divided it into six wine-growing areas.[17] The wine literature and specialist press, by contrast, divide the region into four areas based on geomorphological, micro-climatic and also historical reasons: 1. Upper Moselle. The valley sides of the Upper Moselle
Upper Moselle
(also called the Burgundy Moselle, Burgundermosel) with their overwhelmingly muschelkalk soils belong geologically to the so-called Paris Basin, which explains its low proportion of Riesling
Riesling
- only around 10% in 2010 - and the increasing cultivation of Pinot Blanc
Pinot Blanc
and Pinot Noir grapes. 2. Trier
Trier
Region. Around the city of Trier
Trier
and in the valleys of the Saar and Ruwer
Ruwer
with their side valleys, the Riesling
Riesling
is the predominant grape on the shale soils, with over 80% of the crop. One climatic feature of this area is the frequent orientation of often small southwest-southeast facing locations in which the vegetation is exposed to stronger, cooler winds and, especially in the light of recent global warming, often achieve lower degrees of maturity than in the narrow, often deeply incised valley of the Middle and Lower Moselle.[18] 3. Middle Moselle. With around 6000 hectares of vineyard the Middle Moselle
Moselle
is the largest wine growing area of the Moselle. According to the wine experts and trade, the "greatest" wines of the Moselle, both in quantity and quality, are grown here on land that has been consolidated into large concerns with much vaunted steeply sloped vineyards.[19] 4. Lower Moselle. In the Lower Moselle
Lower Moselle
Valley, the viticulture is more picturesque: with large numbers of medieval castles, high above little villages, decorated with timber-framed houses, surrounded by steep slopes with small terraces in the narrow, winding valley. Here, cultivating vines is very labour-intensive and costly and it is difficult to make it economical. As a result, it is common for vineyards to fall into ruin here. The wine industry on the German Moselle
Moselle
has been declining for decades. In 2005, statistics showed there were 10,375 hectares of vineyard; by 2012 this had fallen to just 8,491.[20] The vineyards that have fallen fallow are mostly those on extremely steep hillsides. There has been a major decline in the number of so-called Nebenerwerbswinzer (vintners for whom it is a secondary occupation), and the small, family farming operations that, until the end of the 1960s formed the majority of wine businesses. Comparative figures by the Chamber of Agriculture for Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
for several wine villages on the Lower Moselle
Lower Moselle
e. g. show that there were still 797 wine businesses in the early 1960s, but by the early 2000s there were only just under 100. There has been the opposite trend amongst the established traditional wine estates and more recent vintners with a sound education in oenology and business management, who have increased their business through the reclamation of once renowned, but long forgotten sites. The end of the 20th century saw the rediscovery of the use of special terroir[21] in order to improve quality and value, which has led to a more nuanced view of Moselle
Moselle
wine that, a few years before, had been characterised by overproduction, label scandals and cheap offers. Moselle
Moselle
umbrella brand[edit] On 10 November 2006 in Burg the Moselle
Moselle
Regional Initiative was founded. The introduction of the Moselle
Moselle
as an umbrella brand was based on that of the Eifel
Eifel
region and covers products and services from the areas of agriculture, forestry, tourism, handicrafts and nature. Moselle
Moselle
Slate[edit] Moselle
Moselle
Slate
Slate
(Moselschiefer) is a manufacturing and trade description for slate from the municipalities of Mayen, Polch, Müllenbach, Trier and its surrounding area. Today only products from the roofing slate mines of Katzenberg and Margareta in Mayen bear the name Moselle Slate. The name is derived from the historical transport route for this slate along the Moselle
Moselle
to the Lower Rhine. See also: Moselle Slate
Slate
Road Literature[edit] The Moselle
Moselle
was celebrated in Mosella, a Latin
Latin
poem by Ausonius
Ausonius
(4th century). In the 20th century, the river and the folklore and local history of the towns along its banks were described by British travel writer Roger Pilkington. In the tale, "The Seven Swabians" of the Brothers Grimm, the eponymous Swabians drown trying to cross the Moselle. Castles[edit]

Moselle
Moselle
river flowing through Metz

Cochem
Cochem
Castle, overlooking the Mosel

Château de Meinsberg (dit de Malbrouck): near Manderen, this castle was built in the 15th century but rebuilt in the 1990s. Today it is used for numerous cultural events. Château Fort de Sierck-les-Bains: situated just on the French-German border at Sierck-les-Bains, this fortress of the Duke of Lorraine dates back to the 11th century. Most of today's castle was constructed in the 18th century, following plans from Vauban. Schloss Berg: a Renaissance
Renaissance
castle at Nennig, today a hotel and a casino. Alte Burg: a manor house built in 1360 at Longuich. One of the few surviving manor houses in rural Rhineland-Palatinate. Schloss Lieser: a palace at Lieser built from 1884 to 1887 in historistic style. Landshut Castle: a castle built by the Electorate of Trier
Trier
in the 13th century at Bernkastel-Kues. Grevenburg: ruins of a castle at Traben-Trarbach
Traben-Trarbach
built by Johann III of Sponheim-Starkenburg about 1350, destroyed, after many sieges, in 1734. Marienburg: a 12th-century castle and later monastery near Pünderich and Alf. Arras Castle: a 12th-century castle in Alf. Metternich Castle: a castle built around 1120 at Beilstein, today partly in ruins. Cochem
Cochem
Castle: The castle in Cochem
Cochem
was originally built in the 11th century, but was completely destroyed by French soldiers in 1689. The present castle was rebuilt later in the 19th century. Thurant Castle: Above the town of Alken is Thurant Castle, built in the 13th century. It is the only twin-towered castle along the Moselle. The fortress was built by the Count Palatine Henry of the house of Guelph between 1198 and 1206. From 1246 to 1248, it was the two archbishops of Cologne and Trier. Following conquest, it was divided by a partition wall into two halves, each with a keep (tower). During the 19th century, Thurant disintegrated, becoming a ruin; and in 1911 was acquired by Privy Councilor, Dr. Robert Allmers, who had it rebuilt. Since 1973, the castle has been owned by the Allmers and Wulf families.[22] Ehrenburg: a 12th-century castle built by the Electorate of Trier
Trier
at Brodenbach. Eltz Castle: The von Eltz family castle, whose history dates back to the 12th century. It remains in private hands to this day but it is open to visitors. Lower and Upper Castle, Kobern-Gondorf: two 11th-century castles, today mostly in ruins. Pyrmont Castle: This 13th-century castle near Roes
Roes
was remodelled and extended several times during the Baroque
Baroque
era. Bischofstein Castle: Across the river from the municipality of Burgen is this 13th-century castle, which was destroyed during the Nine Years' War, but was reconstructed and now serves as a retreat centre for the Fichte Gymnasium in Krefeld.

See also: Wikimedia Commons - Castles in Rhineland-Palatinate See also[edit]

A liberty pole erected by the Moselle
Moselle
during the French Revolution, water colour by Goethe, 1793

Piesporter

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moselle
Moselle
River.

References[edit]

^ a b Moselle: Holidays in one of Germany's most beautiful river valleys at www.romantic-germany.info. Retrieved 23 Jan 2016. ^ Publius Cornelius Tacitus: Der Text ist verfügbar in der lateinischen Wikisource: Kapitel LIII, at la.wikisource.org ^ Publius Cornelius Tacitus: Der Text ist verfügbar in der lateinischen Wikisource; erwähnt ist die Mosel in Kapitel 71 und Kapitel 77, at la.wikisource.org ^ Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau - La Moselle
Moselle
(A---0060)".  ^ Hydrologischer Atlas der Schweiz 2002, Tab. 5.4 Natürliche Abflüsse 1961-1980 (natural discharges) (see map) ^ The Meuse, with a volumetric discharge of 350 m³/s is not considered, since it has not officially been a tributary of the Rhine since 1970 (although it is hydrologically). ^ L'historique de la canalisation de la Moselle, par M. René Bour. pp.101 à 112 ^ Levainville Jacques, La canalisation de la Moselle[permanent dead link]. In: Annales de Géographie. 1928, t. 37, n°206. pp. 180-184. ^ "Rivière Moselle
Moselle
- Dictionnaire des canaux et rivières de France". Retrieved 3 May 2016.  ^ Institut National de l’Audiovisuel – Ina.fr. "La canalisation de la Moselle". Ina.fr. Retrieved 3 May 2016.  ^ Verzeichnis A, Lfd. Nr. 39 der Chronik, Wasser- und Schifffahrtsverwaltung des Bundes, at wsv.de ^ Verzeichnis E, Lfd. Nr. 34 der Chronik, Wasser- und Schifffahrtsverwaltung des Bundes, at wsv.de ^ a b c Gliederung Bundeswasserstraßen, mit Informationen u. a. zu Längen (in km) der Hauptschifffahrtswege (Hauptstrecken und bestimmte Nebenstrecken) der Binnenwasserstraßen des Bundes, bei der Wasser- und Schifffahrtsverwaltung des Bundes, at wsv.de ^ a b Elwis database ^ "DTNE : Direction territoriale Nord-Est VNF". Retrieved 3 May 2016.  ^ Moselsteig entfacht das Wanderfieber. In: Trierischer Volksfreund, dated 26 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014, at volksfreund.de ^ Von der Mehrzahl der Winzer nicht genutzte Herkunftsbezeichnung ^ Stuart Pigott, Chandra Kurt, Manfred Lüer: Stuart Pigotts Weinreisen – Mosel. Scherz, Frankfurt am Main, 2009, ISBN 978-3-502-15173-9, pp. 103 ff. ^ Daniel Deckers (Hg.), Zur Lage des deutschen Weins – Spitzenlagen und Spitzenweine, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 978-3-608-94073-2 pp. 137–187 ^ Publications by the Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate. ^ Reinhard Löwenstein, Vom Öchsle zum Terroir, Frankfurter Allgemeine newspaper No. 232, 7 October 2003 and Die Zukunft liegt im Terroir, in the same paper dated 17 December 2005 ^ http://www.thurant.de

Bibliography[edit]

Decimius Magnus Ausonius: Mosella [Description of a journey by ship on the Moselle
Moselle
around 371 A. D.] Jakob Hölscher (ed.): Das Moselthal von Trier
Trier
bis Coblenz. In malerischen Ansichten, nach der Natur gezeichnet von C. Bodmer, in acqua tinta geätzt von R. Bodmer. 30 pages. Koblenz, 1831–1833 Johann August Klein: Moselthal zwischen Koblenz
Koblenz
und Konz, printed by Heriot, Coblenz, 1831 Johann August Klein: Das Moselthal zwischen Koblenz
Koblenz
und Zell mit Städten, Ortschaften, Ritterburgen, historisch, topographisch, malerisch. Heriot, Koblenz, 1831 Wilhelm Haag: Ausonius
Ausonius
und seine Mosella. Gaertner, Berlin, 1900 Michael Gerhard: Die Mosel, dargestellt in ihrem Lauf, ihrer Entstehung und ihrer Bedeutung für den Menschen. Prüm, 1910. Online edition dilibri Rhineland-Palatinate Carl Hauptmann: Die Mosel von Cochem
Cochem
bis Bernkastel. Bonn 1910. Online edition dilibri Rhineland-Palatinate Carl Hauptmann: Die Mosel von Coblenz bis Cochem
Cochem
in Wanderbildern. Bonn, 1911. Online edition dilibri Rhineland-Palatinate Ludwig Mathar: Die Mosel (Die Rheinlande, Bilder von Land, Volk und Kunst, Zweiter Band: Die Mosel) Cologne o. J. (around 1925), 607 S. (with 117 illustrations and a map of the Moselle
Moselle
Valley from Trier
Trier
to Coblenz) Rudolf G. Binding: Moselfahrt aus Liebeskummer – Novelle einer Landschaft, Frankfurt am Main, 1933 (51.–75. Tausend) Josef Adolf Schmoll alias Eisenwerth: Die Mosel von der Quelle bis zum Rhein (Deutsche Lande – Deutsche Kunst). 2nd edition, Munich/Berlin, 1972 Willy Leson (ed.): Romantische Reise durch das Moseltal-Von Koblenz nach Trier
Trier
(with graphics by Carl Bodmer and text by Johann August Klein and Christian von Stramberg), Cologne, 1978 Heinz Cüppers, Gérard Collot, Alfons Kolling, Gérard Thill (Red.): Die Römer an Mosel und Saar (Zeugnisse der Römerzeit in Lothringen, in Luxemburg, im Raum Trier
Trier
und im Saarland), Mainz, 1983, Zabern: 2nd revised edition (with 46 colour and 346 black and white photographs) Heinz Held: Die Mosel von der Mündung bei Koblenz
Koblenz
bis zur Quelle in den Vogesen: Landschaft, Kultur, Geschichte (DuMont-Kunst-Reiseführer). 3rd edition, Cologne, 1989 Jean-Claude Bonnefont, Hubert Collin (dir.), Meurthe-et-Moselle, edition Bonneton, Paris, 1996, 318 pages. ISBN 2-86253-203-7 M. Eckoldt (ed.), Flüsse und Kanäle, Die Geschichte der deutschen Wasserstraßen, DSV-Verlag, 1998 Ulrich Nonn: Eine Moselreise im 4. Jahrhundert-Decimus Magnus Ausonius
Ausonius
und seine "Mosella". In: Koblenzer Beiträge zur Geschichte und Kultur, Vol. 8, Koblenz: Görres-Verlag 2000, pp. 8–24 (with map and illustrations) Reinhold Schommers: Die Mosel (DuMont-Reise-Taschenbücher). DuMont, Ostfildern 2001, ISBN 3-7701-3741-8 Ludwin Vogel: Deutschland, Frankreich und die Mosel. Europäische Integrationspolitik in den Montan-Regionen Ruhr, Lothringen, Luxemburg und der Saar. Klartext, Essen, 2001, ISBN 3-89861-003-9 Decimius Magnus Ausonius: Mosella. Lateinisch-deutsch. Published, translated and commented on by Paul Dräger. Tusculum Studienausgaben. Artemis und Winkler, Düsseldorf, 2004, ISBN 3-7608-1380-1 Uwe Anhäuser: Die Ausoniusstraße. Ein archäologischer Reise- und Wanderführer. Rhein-Mosel, Alf/Mosel, 2006, ISBN 3-89801-032-5 Karl-Josef Gilles: Das Moseltal zwischen Koblenz
Koblenz
und Trier
Trier
1920 bis 1950 (series of archive photographs), Sutton, Erfurt, 2006, ISBN 978-3-89702-943-9. Wasser- und Schifffahrtsdirektion Südwest: Kompendium der Wasser- und Schifffahrtsdirektion Südwest. Organisatorische und technische Daten, Binnenschifffahrt, Aufgaben, Wasserstraßen. self-publication, Mainz, June 2007 Alexander Thon / Stefan Ulrich: Von den Schauern der Vorwelt umweht... Burgen und Schlösser an der Mosel. Schnell + Steiner, Regensburg 2007, 1st edition, 180 pp. numerous photographs, 2 overview maps of the Moselle Wolfgang Lambrecht: Malerische Mosel – Gemälde und Druckgraphik aus 100 Jahren, [Farbbroschüre mit Werken u. a. von Carl Bodmer, Clarkson Stanfield, Rowbotham, Compton, Wolfsberger, Benekkenstein, Burger, Thoma, Nonn, Möhren, Zysing und Bayer, published by the Sparkasse Mittelmosel and the Lions-Förderverein Cochem], Cochem, 2007 Karl-Josef Schäfer und Wolfgang Welter: Ein Jakobsweg von Koblenz-Stolzenfels nach Trier. Der Pilgerwanderführer für den Mosel-Camino. Books on Demand, Norderstedt, 2009 (2nd updated edition) ISBN 978-3-8334-9888-6 Xavier Deru: Die Römer an Maas und Mosel, Zabern-Verlag, Mainz, 2010 Groben, Josef: Mosella. Historisch-kulturelle Monographie, Trier, 2011, 311 pp., 237 photographs. Stefan Barme: Nacktarsch, Viez und Ledertanga – Ausflüge in die Kulturgeschichte des Mosellandes. Stephan Moll Verlag, 2012 (1st edition) ISBN 978-3-940760-37-1 Joachim Gruber: Decimus Magnus Ausonius, <<Mosella>> Kritische Ausgabe, Übersetzung, Kommentar. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. Series: Texts and commentaries, Vol. 42, 2013, XI, 370 pp.

External links[edit]

mosel.de, mosel.de Die Mosel, die-mosel.de Moseltal, moseltal.de www.mosel.com, mosel.com HoloGuides - Moselle, hologuides.com River
River
Moselle
Moselle
guide to the French section; maps and information on places, ports and moorings on the river from Neuves-Maisons
Neuves-Maisons
to Apach, by the author of Inland Waterways of France, Imray Navigation details for 80 French rivers and canals (French waterways website section) Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law Peace Palace Libray at ppl.nl Livecam Moselle
Moselle
river, webcam.cochem.c German-Luxembourgish-French Mosel Agency (in German/French) German Waterways Agency Trier
Trier
(Wasser- und Schifffahrtsamt Trier) (in German)

v t e

Tributaries
Tributaries
of the Rhine

Left (western)

Vorderrhein Aua da Russein Schmuèr Alpine Rhine Vorderrhein Tamina Alter Rhein Rheintaler Binnenkanal Lake Constance Goldach High Rhine Thur Töss Glatt Aare Sissle Ergolz Birs Birsig Upper Rhine Ill Moder Sauer Lauter Spiegelbach Queich Speyerbach Rehbach Isenach Eckbach Eisbach Pfrimm Selz Middle Rhine Welzbach Nahe Moselle Nette Brohlbach Ahr Lower Rhine Erft

Right (eastern)

Vorderrhein Rein da Tuma Rein da Curnera Rein da Medel Rein da Sumvitg Glogn Rabiusa Hinterrhein Ragn da Ferrera Albula/Alvra Alpine Rhine Hinterrhein Plessur Landquart Mülbach Ill Frutz Lake Constance Dornbirner Ach Bregenzer Ach Leiblach Argen Schussen Rotach Brunnisaach Lipbach Seefelder Aach Stockacher Aach Radolfzeller Aach High Rhine Biber Wutach Alb Murg Wehra Upper Rhine Wiese Elz Kinzig Rench Acher Murg Alb Pfinz Saalbach Kraichbach Leimbach Neckar Weschnitz Modau Main Middle Rhine Wisper Lahn Wied Lower Rhine Sieg Wupper Düssel Ruhr Emscher Lippe IJssel Oude IJssel/Issel Berkel Schipbeek

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136839629 GND: 4040325-7 BNF:

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