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Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(/ˈsɛləs/; Hungarian: Szeles Mónika, pronounced [ˈsɛlɛʃ ˈmoːnikɒ]; Serbian: Monika Seleš, Моника Селеш; born December 2, 1973) is a Yugoslav-born American former world no. 1 professional tennis player and a member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame. An ethnic Hungarian, she was born and raised in Novi Sad, SFR Yugoslavia. She became a naturalized American citizen
American citizen
in 1994 and also received Hungarian citizenship in June 2007.[1][2] She won nine Grand Slam singles titles, eight of them while representing Yugoslavia, and the final one while representing the United States. In 1990, Seles became the youngest ever French Open
French Open
champion at the age of 16. She went on to win eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday and was the year-end world no. 1 in 1991 and 1992. However, on April 30, 1993, she was the victim of an on-court attack, when a man stabbed her in the back with a 9-inch (23 cm) long knife; Seles did not return to tennis for over two years.[3] Though she enjoyed some success after rejoining the tour in 1995, including a fourth Australian Open
Australian Open
title in 1996, she was unable to consistently reproduce her best form. She played her last professional match at the 2003 French Open, but did not officially retire until February 2008. Regarded by many in the sport as one of the greatest tennis players of all time, Seles was named one of the "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future" by Time.[4] Several players and historians have stated that Seles had the potential to become the most accomplished female player of all-time had she not been stabbed.[5][6][7] She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2009.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Tennis career

2.1 1990–92 2.2 1993 stabbing attack 2.3 Comeback 2.4 Hiatus and retirement 2.5 Assessment

3 Equipment and endorsements 4 Personal life 5 In popular culture 6 Career statistics

6.1 Grand Slam singles finals: 13 finals (9 titles, 4 runners-up) 6.2 Singles performance timeline

7 Records 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life and career[edit] Seles was born in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, current-day Serbia, into an ethnic Hungarian family. Her parents are Ester and Karolj[8] and she has an older brother, Zoltán. She began playing tennis at age five, coached by her father, a professional cartoonist employed for decades at the Dnevnik and Magyar Szó newspapers,[9] who drew pictures for her to make her tennis more fun. He is responsible for developing her two-handed style for both the forehand and backhand.[10] Later, her coach was Jelena Genčić. In 1985, at the age of 11, she won the Junior Orange Bowl tournament in Miami, Florida, catching the attention of tennis coach Nick Bollettieri. In early 1986, Seles and her brother Zoltán moved from Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
to the United States, and Seles enrolled at the Nick Bollettieri
Nick Bollettieri
Tennis Academy, where she trained for two years and continued to practice until March 1990. Nine months after their arrival at the Academy, Seles' mother and father joined her and Zoltán in Florida. Seles played her first professional tournament as an amateur in 1988 at age 14. The following year she turned professional on February 13, 1989, and joined the professional tour full-time, winning her first career title at Houston in May 1989, where she beat the soon-to-retire Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in the final. A month later, Seles reached the semifinals of her first Grand Slam singles tournament at the French Open, losing to then-world no. 1 Steffi Graf. Seles finished her first year on the tour ranked world no. 6. Tennis career[edit] 1990–92[edit] After a slow start at the beginning of the season, Seles went on a 36-match winning streak and won 6 consecutive tournaments starting in Miami
Miami
at the Lipton Player's Championships. During that winning streak she also won the U.S. Hard Court Championships (San Antonio, Texas), the Eckerd Open (Tampa, Florida), the Italian Open, and the Lufthansa Cup in Berlin, Germany
Germany
(defeating Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
in the final in straight sets). Seles then won her first Grand Slam singles title at the 1990 French Open. Facing world no. 1 Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
in the final, Seles saved four set points in a first-set tiebreaker, which she won 8–6, and went on to take the match in straight sets. In doing so, she became the youngest-ever French Open
French Open
singles Champion at the age of 16 years, 6 months. Her winning streak was stopped by Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison
at Wimbledon in the quarterfinals, where Seles had a match point before Garrison eventually won 9-7 in the 3rd set. Seles then won the Virginia Slims of Los Angeles title against Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
and then defeated Navratilova again in winning the Oakland California tournament, in straight sets. She also won the 1990 year-end Virginia Slims Championships, defeating Gabriela Sabatini
Gabriela Sabatini
in five sets (in the first five-set women's match since 1901 US National Championships), becoming the youngest to ever win the Season-Ending Championships. She finished the year ranked world no. 2. 1991 was the first of two years in which Seles dominated the women's tour. She started out by winning the Australian Open
Australian Open
in January, beating Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
in the final. In March, she replaced Graf as the world no. 1. She then successfully defended her French Open
French Open
title, beating the former youngest-ever winner, Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, in the final. Unable to play at Wimbledon, suffering from shin splints, Seles took a six-week break. But she was back in time for the US Open, which she won by beating Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in the final, her third Grand Slam title of the year, to cement her position at the top of the world rankings. She also won the year-end Virginia Slims Championships for the second consecutive time, defeating Navratilova in four sets. At the end of season, Seles had won 10 out of the 16 tournaments she entered (reaching the final of every tournament that she entered that year). She ended the year as the no. 1 ranked player in the world. 1992 was an equally dominant year. Seles successfully defended her titles at the Australian Open, the French Open, and the US Open. She also reached her first-ever final at Wimbledon, but lost to Graf. During Wimbledon, Seles encountered difficulty because of her habit of grunting or shrieking loudly when hitting shots. Her quarterfinal opponent Nathalie Tauziat
Nathalie Tauziat
was the first to complain to the chair umpire about it. During the third set of her semi-final match against Martina Navratilova, Navratilova also complained to the chair umpire about the grunting after Seles went up a break at 4-2. Seles ended up losing the game and the break, but broke back and closed out the match.[11] From January 1991 through February 1993, Seles won 22 titles and reached 33 finals out of the 34 tournaments she played. She compiled a 159–12 win-loss record (92.9% winning percentage), including a 55–1 win-loss record (98%) in Grand Slam tournaments. In the broader context of her first four years on the circuit (1989–1992), Seles had a win-loss record of 231–25 (90.2%) and collected 30 titles. She once again ended the year as the #1 ranked player in the world. 1993 stabbing attack[edit] Seles was the top women's player heading into 1993, having won the French Open
French Open
for three consecutive years and both the US Open and Australian Open
Australian Open
in consecutive years. In January 1993, Seles defeated Graf in the final of the Australian Open, which to date was her third win in four Grand Slam finals against Graf. She then won the Virginia Slims of Chicago over Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in three sets. This was the last title that Seles won before the attack in Hamburg, Germany. On April 30 during a quarterfinal match with Magdalena Maleeva
Magdalena Maleeva
in Hamburg in which Seles was leading, Günter Parche, an obsessed fan of Steffi Graf, ran from the middle of the crowd to the edge of the court during a break between games and stabbed Seles with a boning knife between her shoulder blades, to a depth of 1.5 cm (0.59 inches). She was quickly rushed to a hospital. Although her physical injuries took only a few weeks to heal, she did not return to competitive tennis for more than two years. Initially, there was speculation that the attack might have been politically motivated because Seles was from Yugoslavia. She was known to have received death threats in relation to the ongoing conflict there. However, German authorities were quick to rule this out, describing her attacker as confused and possibly mentally disturbed.[3] Parche was charged following the incident, but was not jailed because he was found to be psychologically abnormal, and was instead sentenced to two years' probation and psychological treatment. The incident prompted a significant increase in the level of security at tour events.[3] At that year's Wimbledon, the players’ seats were positioned with their backs to the umpire's chair, rather than the spectators. Seles, however, disputed the effectiveness of these measures. She was quoted in 2011 as saying "From the time I was stabbed, I think the security hasn't changed".[12] Seles vowed never to play tennis in Germany
Germany
again, disenchanted by the German legal system. "What people seem to be forgetting is that this man stabbed me intentionally and he did not serve any sort of punishment for it... I would not feel comfortable going back. I don't foresee that happening."[13] In a later article, Tennis.com reported that Parche was living in nursing homes due to additional health problems.[7] Graf visited Seles while she was hospitalized.[14] Young Elders, a band from Melbourne, Australia, sent their song called "Fly Monica Fly" to Seles while she was recuperating from the stabbing incident. She later said that the song provided inspiration to her at that time, and subsequently met the band (who later changed their name to the Monicas) following her victory at the Australian Open
Australian Open
in 1996.[15] The stabbing incident is the subject of Dan Bern's 1998 tribute to Seles, "Monica". Additionally, Detroit dreampop band Majesty Crush paid tribute with "Seles" from the 1993 album Love-15. The WTA suggested that Seles' No. 1 ranking be preserved during her absence, but did not do so.[16] According to Seles' autobiography, all active tour players opposed the idea except Gabriela Sabatini, who abstained.[17][18] Comeback[edit] Seles returned to the tour in August 1995. In the runup to her comeback, then-WTA president Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
proposed that Seles be reinstated alongside Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
as joint number one.[16] The WTA did so despite some opposition from players including Arantxa Sánchez Vicario and Gigi Fernández, whose tournament placements would suffer greatly by suddenly being placed behind Seles.[16][19] Graf supported Seles' co-ranking, but not the additional proposal that Seles' co-ranking not be determined by the minimum participation of 12 tournaments a year required of everyone else. Graf felt that would give Seles an unfair advantage in the rankings.[16] Seles won her first comeback tournament, the Canadian Open, beating Amanda Coetzer in the final and setting a tournament record for least number of games dropped by the champion throughout the tournament (14). The following month at the US Open, Seles reached the final defeating world No.10 Anke Huber, No. 4 Jana Novotná, and No. 3 Conchita Martínez (all in straight sets), but lost to Graf in the final. In January 1996, Seles won her fourth Australian Open, beating Anke Huber in the final. Her pivotal match was the semifinal vs rising American star Chanda Rubin who led her 5-3 in the final set, and had 2 break points to lead 5-1. Seles came back from 2 points from defeat to triumph and reach the final. This was to be Seles' last Grand Slam title, as she struggled to recapture her best form on a consistent basis. Seles was the runner-up at the US Open to Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
again in 1996. Seles' last Grand Slam final came at the French Open
French Open
in 1998, just a few weeks after the death of her father and former coach, Karolj, from cancer. In the run to the final she had defeated world no. 3 Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
in three sets and world no. 1 Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
in straight sets, but lost to Sánchez Vicario in the three-set final. While she did not reach another Grand Slam singles final, she did consistently reach the quarterfinal and semifinal stages in those tournaments and was a fixture in the WTA Tour's top 10. In 2002, her last full year on the tour, she finished the year ranked world no. 7, defeated Venus Williams, Martina Hingis, Jennifer Capriati, Justine Henin, Maria Sharapova, Kim Clijsters, and Lindsay Davenport, and reached at least the quarterfinals at each Grand Slam tournament. Seles competed at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, where she beat Sabatini in a third round match before losing to Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
in the quarterfinals. Four years later, at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Seles captured her first Olympic medal, a bronze in singles. She defeated Jelena Dokic
Jelena Dokic
in the bronze medal match, after pushing eventual gold medalist Venus Williams
Venus Williams
to a tough 3 setter in the semis, losing 6-3 in the final set. After becoming a U.S. citizen in 1994, Seles helped the U.S. team win the Fed Cup
Fed Cup
in 1996, 1999, and 2000. Hiatus and retirement[edit]

Seles in the 2007 exhibition against Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in New Orleans, Louisiana

In the spring of 2003, Seles sustained a foot injury. She was forced to withdraw during the second set of a match against Nadia Petrova
Nadia Petrova
at the Italian Open. Then, a couple of weeks later and still injured, she lost in straight sets to the same player in the first round of the 2003 French Open. It was the only time she ever lost a first-round match at a Grand Slam. She never again played an official tour match.[20] In February 2005, Seles played two exhibition matches in New Zealand against Navratilova. Despite losing both matches, she played competitively and announced that she could return to the game early in 2006; however, she did not do so. She played three exhibition matches against Navratilova in 2007. On April 5, she defeated Navratilova in Houston, Texas, on clay.[21] On September 14, Seles defeated Navratilova on an indoor court in New Orleans, Louisiana. On September 16, she beat her on clay in Bucharest.[22] In December 2007, Seles told the press that Lindsay Davenport's successful return to the tour had inspired her to consider her own limited comeback to play Grand Slam tournaments and the major warm-up events for those tournaments. However, on February 14, 2008, Seles announced her official retirement from professional tennis.[23] In January 2009, Seles was elected to the International Tennis Hall of Fame.[24] Assessment[edit]

Seles' outfit at the Tennis Hall of Fame
Tennis Hall of Fame
Museum at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island

Seles is widely regarded as one of the greatest tennis players of all time.[25][26][27] In 2012, Tennis Channel created a list of the 100 greatest tennis players. Seles was listed at #19. Seles won eight Grand Slam titles during her teenage years. However, her career was greatly affected by the stabbing incident. Some involved with the sport have declared that Seles could have become the most accomplished female player. In an article written 20 years after Seles was stabbed, Jonathan Scott of Tennis.com stated, "Would Monica Seles have been the greatest female tennis player ever? The world will never know."[7] In a 2013 interview, Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
theorized that if Seles had not been stabbed, "We'd be talking about Monica with the most Grand Slam titles [ahead of] Margaret Court
Margaret Court
or Steffi Graf."[6] Mary Joe Fernandez declared that Seles would have at least doubled her Grand Slam championship tally, had she not been attacked.[6] Tim Adams of The Guardian
The Guardian
stated that Seles would have become "the greatest female tennis player ever to pick up a racket."[5] During the height of her career (the 1990 French Open
French Open
through the 1993 Australian Open), she won eight of the 11 Grand Slam singles tournaments she contested. With eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday, Seles holds the record for most Grand Slam singles titles won as a teenager in the Open Era. Until her loss to Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
at the 1999 Australian Open, Seles had a perfect record at the event (33–0), which is the longest undefeated streak for this tournament (although Margaret Court
Margaret Court
won 38 consecutive matches there from 1960 to 1968 after losing a match in 1959). It also marked her first defeat in Australia, having won the Sydney tournament in 1996. Seles was the first female tennis player to win her first six Grand Slam singles finals: 1990 French Open, 1991 Australian Open, 1991 French Open, 1991 US Open, 1992 Australian Open, and 1992 French Open. Seles was also the first female player since Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
in 1937 to win the women's singles title three consecutive years at the French Open. (Chris Evert, however, won the title the four consecutive times she played the tournament: 1974, 1975, 1979, and 1980; in 2007, Justine Henin
Justine Henin
won her third consecutive French Open
French Open
singles title.) Shortly after her retirement, Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
writer Jon Wertheim summed up her later career:

Yet, transformed from champion to tragedienne, Seles became far more popular than she was while winning all those titles. It became impossible to root against her. At first, out of sympathy. Then, because she revealed herself to be so thoroughly thoughtful, graceful, dignified. When she quietly announced her retirement last week at age 34, she exited as perhaps the most adored figure in the sport's history. As happy endings go, one could do worse.[28]

She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
on July 11, 2009. In 2011, Seles was named one of the "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future" by Time.[4] Equipment and endorsements[edit] In the early 1990s, Seles signed a $4-million endorsement contract with Fila to promote its footwear and tennis apparel.[29] She used a Prince original graphite racquet on court.[30] In August of the 1990 season, Seles switched to a Yonex
Yonex
racquet. When she returned to the tour in 1995 after the stabbing sabbatical, Seles wore apparel by Nike and used a Yonex
Yonex
racquet on court. In the 2000s, Seles wore apparel by Yonex
Yonex
and used Yonex
Yonex
SRQ Ti-800 Pro Long racquet on court.[31] Personal life[edit] On April 21, 2009, Seles released her memoir Getting A Grip: On My Body, My Mind, My Self which chronicles her bout with depression and binge eating disorder (BED) after her stabbing, her father's cancer diagnosis and eventual death, her journey back to the game and a life beyond tennis.[32] Seles is married to businessman Tom Golisano,[33] some 32 years her senior. They began dating in 2009.[34][35] The two announced their engagement on June 5, 2014.[36] As of 2015, Seles is a paid spokesperson for Shire Pharmaceuticals, the makers of the first drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat BED, to raise awareness of the disorder she has suffered from since she was a young adult. Seles would eat normal amounts of food at meals, and then secretly eat large amounts of junk food when she was alone.[37] In popular culture[edit] In 1996, Seles made a guest appearance in the TV sitcom The Nanny.[38] She also appeared in 2008 in the TV series Dancing with the Stars
Dancing with the Stars
as one of the contestants.[39] Career statistics[edit] Main article: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
career statistics Grand Slam singles finals: 13 finals (9 titles, 4 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score

Winner 1990 French Open Clay Steffi Graf 7–6(8–6), 6–4

Winner 1991 Australian Open Hard Jana Novotná 5–7, 6–3, 6–1

Winner 1991 French Open
French Open
(2) Clay Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–4

Winner 1991 US Open Hard Martina Navratilova 7–6(7–1), 6–1

Winner 1992 Australian Open
Australian Open
(2) Hard Mary Joe Fernández 6–2, 6–3

Winner 1992 French Open
French Open
(3) Clay Steffi Graf 6–2, 3–6, 10–8

Runner-up 1992 Wimbledon Grass Steffi Graf 2–6, 1–6

Winner 1992 US Open (2) Hard Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–3

Winner 1993 Australian Open
Australian Open
(3) Hard Steffi Graf 4–6, 6–3, 6–2

Runner-up 1995 US Open Hard Steffi Graf 6–7(6–8), 6–0, 3–6

Winner 1996 Australian Open
Australian Open
(4) Hard Anke Huber 6–4, 6–1

Runner-up 1996 US Open Hard Steffi Graf 5–7, 4–6

Runner-up 1998 French Open Clay Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–7(5–7), 6–0, 2–6

Singles performance timeline[edit]

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Yugoslavia United States

Tournament W–L SR 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

Grand Slam Tournaments

Australian Open 43–4 4 / 8 A A A W W W A A W A A SF A QF SF 2R

French Open 54–8 3 / 11 A SF W W W A A A QF SF F SF QF A QF 1R

Wimbledon 30–9 0 / 9 A 4R QF A F A A A 2R 3R QF 3R QF A QF A

US Open 54–10 2 / 12 A 4R 3R W W A A F F QF QF QF QF 4R QF A

Win–Loss 181–31 9 / 40 0–0 11–3 13–2 21–0 27–1 7–0 0–0 6–1 17–3 11–3 14–3 16–4 12–3 7–2 17–4 1–2

Records[edit]

These records were attained in Open Era
Open Era
of tennis. Records in bold indicate peer-less achievements.

Grand Slam Years Record accomplished Player tied

Australian Open—French Open 1990–93 Simultaneous holder of 3 consecutive Australian Open
Australian Open
and French Open titles Stands alone

Australian Open 1991 Won title on the first attempt Virginia Wade

Australian Open 1991–93 3 consecutive titles Margaret Court Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley Steffi Graf Martina Hingis

Australian Open 1991–99 33 consecutive wins Stands alone

French Open 1990–92 3 consecutive titles Justine Henin

French Open 1990 Youngest ever champion (16 years old) Stands alone

Grand Slam tournaments 1991 100% (21–0) match winning percentage in 1 season Margaret Court Billie Jean King Chris Evert Steffi Graf Serena Williams

Grand Slam tournaments 1992 Reached all four Grand Slam finals in a calendar year Margaret Court Chris Evert Martina Navratilova Steffi Graf Martina Hingis Justine Henin

See also[edit]

Tennis portal

WTA Tour
WTA Tour
records Grand Slam (tennis) List of WTA number 1 ranked players List of female tennis players List of tennis tournaments List of tennis rivalries List of Grand Slam Women's Singles champions Tennis records of the Open Era
Open Era
– Women's Singles Tennis statistics World number 1 women tennis players from 1883–present

Grunting in tennis

References[edit]

^ "Grossly Abbreviated". Canadian Online Explorer. 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2008-06-15.  ^ "Titokban lett magyar állampolgár Szeles Mónika (Szeles Mónika has become a Hungarian citizen in secret)". Heti Világgazdaság (in Hungarian). 2007-06-07. Retrieved 2008-05-09.  ^ a b c "1993: Tennis star stabbed". On This Day 30 April 1993. BBC. 1993-04-30. Retrieved 2011-07-17.  ^ a b William Lee Adams (June 22, 2011). "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future – Monica Seles". TIME. Retrieved August 19, 2011.  ^ a b Adams, Tim (2009-07-04). "Interview: Monica Seles". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2017-06-06.  ^ a b c Cronin, Matt (2013-05-01). "Navratilova: Seles would have won most Slams". tennis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-06.  ^ a b c Scott, Jonathan (2012-04-30). "20 Years Later: Remembering Monica Seles' Stabbing". Tennis.com. Retrieved 2017-05-27.  ^ http://www.wtatennis.com/players/player/7354 ^ Najbolja jugoslovenska teniserka Monika Seleš (1.deo) - Naša Mala Mo!;Studio, 1990 ^ Seles, Monica with Nancy Ann Richardson (1996) Monica From Fear to Victory ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1992-07-03/sports/sp-1393_1_monica-seles ^ O'Sullivan, John (2011-04-09). "Seles still has issues with security". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2011-04-15.  ^ Wood, Stephen (November 16, 2000). "WTA Under Fire from Seles". BBC Sport. BBC.  ^ Cronin, Matt (2013-05-01). "Navratilova: Seles would have won most Slams". Tennis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-06.  ^ Seles, Monica; Richardson, Nancy Ann (1996). Monica: From Fear to Victory (1998 ed.). HarperCollins. ISBN 9780006388005.  ^ a b c d "Comeback: Back stabbers". New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC: 78. 31 July 1995. Retrieved 8 July 2015.  ^ "Seles is back in the limelight". The Irish Times. 26 June 1996. Retrieved 7 July 2015.  ^ Torok, Sebastián. "Gaby Sabatini. "Ahora disfruto de todo lo que no hice cuando jugaba"". canchallena.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 30 July 2017.  ^ "NY Times: It's not easy being a third wheel". Retrieved 8 July 2015.  ^ Monica Seles
Monica Seles
playing activity WTA Tour
WTA Tour
website ^ Seles Sighting: Monica plays Martina in exhibition Archived February 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Monica Seles
Monica Seles
defeats Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in exhibition match in Bucharest". Womenstennisblog.com. 2007-09-17. Retrieved 2011-07-04.  ^ "Seles Announces Retirement From Professional Tennis". Sonyericssonwtatour.com. Retrieved 2011-07-04.  ^ Robbins, Liz (January 16, 2009). "Seles Is Elected to Hall of Fame". The New York Times.  ^ Jason Le Miere (28 August 2015). "Top 10 Women's Tennis Players Of All-Time: Where Does Serena Williams
Serena Williams
Rank On List Of Greatest Ever?". International Business Times. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ "Serena Williams: Is she your greatest female player of the Open era?". BBC Sport. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ Greg Garber; Thomas Neumann; Johnette Howard (23 June 2016). "Tennis' Top 20 of All Time". ESPN. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ Wertheim, Jon (2008-02-20). "Tennis Mailbag: Saluting Seles". SportsIllustrated.com. Retrieved 2008-02-27.  ^ Horovitz, Bruce (June 26, 1990). "Athletic Firms Going to the Net in Quest for Next Tennis Celebrity". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 11, 2014.  ^ Perrotta, Tom (June 30, 2012). "Finding the spin may be a racquet". The Australian. Retrieved September 11, 2014.  ^ "WHAT THEY'RE WEARING (AND HITTING WITH) AT THE U.S. OPEN". SportsBusiness Journal. 28 August 2000. Retrieved 10 September 2014.  ^ " Monica Seles
Monica Seles
On 'Getting A Grip' After Tragedy". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-01-30.  ^ "Former Sabres owner Thomas Golisano sues over yacht renovations". ESPN.com. Rochester, New York. Associated Press. November 17, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2018.  ^ Wilson, Greg. " Monica Seles
Monica Seles
Courting Billionaire, 67". NBC New York. Retrieved 2011-12-20.  ^ Abelson, Max (December 20, 2011). "Bankers Seek to Debunk Attack on Top 1%". Business Week. Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-12-20 – via europac.com.  ^ Benny, Michael (2014-06-06). "Upstate Billionaire Tom Golisano reveals engagement to tennis star Monica Seles". CNYCentral.com. WSTM. Retrieved 2017-01-30.  ^ Casey, Tim (Mar 11, 2015). " Monica Seles
Monica Seles
sheds light on binge eating disorder". USA Today. Retrieved 2017-01-30.  ^ "The Nanny". Lakeland Ledger. March 11, 1996. Retrieved November 5, 2012.  ^ "Meet Dancing Stars Monica Seles
Monica Seles
and Cristian de la Fuente". TV Guide. March 14, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Monica Seles.

Monica Seles
Monica Seles
at the Women's Tennis Association Monica Seles
Monica Seles
at the International Tennis Federation Monica Seles
Monica Seles
at the Fed Cup
Fed Cup
BBC Sport profile Monica Seles
Monica Seles
at the International Tennis Hall of Fame Monica Seles
Monica Seles
on IMDb

Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(Achievement predecessor & successor)

Sporting positions

Preceded by Steffi Graf Steffi Graf Steffi Graf Steffi Graf Steffi Graf World No. 1 March 11, 1991 - August 4, 1991 August 12, 1991 - August 18, 1991 September 9, 1991 - June 6, 1993 August 15, 1995 - November 3, 1996 (with S. Graf) November 18, 1996 - November 24, 1996 (with S. Graf) Succeeded by Steffi Graf Steffi Graf Steffi Graf Steffi Graf Steffi Graf

Awards and achievements

Preceded by Svetlana Kitić Mateja Svet Yugoslav Sportswoman of the Year 1985 1990 Succeeded by Mateja Svet None

Preceded by Arantxa Sánchez Vicario WTA Most Improved Player 1990 Succeeded by Gabriela Sabatini

Preceded by Steffi Graf WTA Player of the Year 1991–1992 Succeeded by Steffi Graf

Preceded by Steffi Graf ITF World Champion 1991–1992 Succeeded by Steffi Graf

Preceded by Merlene Ottey United Press International Athlete of the Year 1991, 1992 Succeeded by Wang Junxia

Preceded by None Best Female Tennis Player ESPY Award 1993 Succeeded by Steffi Graf

Preceded by None Best Female Athlete ESPY Award 1993 Succeeded by Julie Krone

Preceded by Meredith McGrath Mary Pierce WTA Comeback Player of the Year 1995 1998 Succeeded by Jennifer Capriati Sabine Appelmans

Preceded by Bonnie Blair Flo Hyman Memorial Award 2000 Succeeded by Lisa Leslie

Monica Seles
Monica Seles
in the Grand Slam Tournaments

v t e

Women's tennis players who won two or more Grand Slam singles titles in one calendar year

Four wins

1953: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker 1970: Margaret Court 1988: Steffi Graf

Three wins

1928: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1929: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1962: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1965: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI&US) 1969: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(FO&WI&US) 1973: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1983: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI&US) 1984: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI&US) 1989: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(AO&WI&US) 1991: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1992: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1993: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1995: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1996: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1997: Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(AO&WI&US) 2002: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&WI&US) 2015: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&FO&WI)

Two wins

1925: Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
(FO&WI) 1927: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (WI&US) 1930: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1931: Cilly Aussem
Cilly Aussem
(FO&WI) 1932: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1939: Alice Marble
Alice Marble
(WI&US) 1946: Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (WI&US) 1949: Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
(FO&US) 1950: Louise Bough Clapp (AO&WI) 1952: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (WI&US) 1954: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (FO&WI) 1956: Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
(WI&US) 1957: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1958: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1959: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1960: Darlene Hard (FO&US) 1963: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI) 1964: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO) 1964: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1967: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(WI&US) 1968: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(AO&WI) 1971: Evonne Goolagong Cawley
Evonne Goolagong Cawley
(FO&WI) 1974: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&WI) 1975: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1976: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(WI&US) 1980: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1982: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI) 1982: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(AO&US) 1985: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI) 1986: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1987: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1994: Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(FO&US) 2000: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2001: Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(AO&FO) 2001: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2003: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2003: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2006: Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(AO&WI) 2007: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2009: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2010: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2012: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(WI&US) 2013: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&US) 2016: Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(AO&US)

AO=Australian Open, FO=French Open, WI=Wimbledon, US=US Open

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Australian Open
Australian Open
women's singles champions

(1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Margaret Court (1972) Virginia Wade (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Evonne Goolagong (1975) Evonne Goolagong (1976) Evonne Goolagong (1977 (Jan)) Kerry Reid (1977 (Dec)) Evonne Goolagong (1978) Chris O'Neil (1979) Barbara Jordan (1980) Hana Mandlíková (1981) Martina Navratilova (1982) Chris Evert (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Chris Evert (1985) Martina Navratilova (1987) Hana Mandlíková (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Steffi Graf (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Monica Seles (1994) Steffi Graf (1995) Mary Pierce (1996) Monica Seles (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Martina Hingis (1999) Martina Hingis (2000) Lindsay Davenport (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Jennifer Capriati (2003) Serena Williams (2004) Justine Henin (2005) Serena Williams (2006) Amélie Mauresmo (2007) Serena Williams (2008) Maria Sharapova (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Serena Williams (2011) Kim Clijsters (2012) Victoria Azarenka (2013) Victoria Azarenka (2014) Li Na (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Angelique Kerber (2017) Serena Williams (2018) Caroline Wozniacki

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French Open
French Open
women's singles champions

(1968) Nancy Richey (1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Evonne Goolagong (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Chris Evert (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Sue Barker (1977) Mima Jaušovec (1978) Virginia Ruzici (1979) Chris Evert (1980) Chris Evert (1981) Hana Mandlíková (1982) Martina Navratilova (1983) Chris Evert (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Chris Evert (1986) Chris Evert (1987) Steffi Graf (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Arantxa Sánchez (1990) Monica Seles (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Iva Majoli (1998) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1999) Steffi Graf (2000) Mary Pierce (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Justine Henin (2004) Anastasia Myskina (2005) Justine Henin (2006) Justine Henin (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Ana Ivanovic (2009) Svetlana Kuznetsova (2010) Francesca Schiavone (2011) Li Na (2012) Maria Sharapova (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Maria Sharapova (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Garbiñe Muguruza (2017) Jeļena Ostapenko

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US Open women's singles champions

(1968) Virginia Wade (1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Billie Jean King (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Billie Jean King (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Chris Evert (1977) Chris Evert (1978) Chris Evert (1979) Tracy Austin (1980) Chris Evert (1981) Tracy Austin (1982) Chris Evert (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Hana Mandlíková (1986) Martina Navratilova (1987) Martina Navratilova (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Gabriela Sabatini (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Lindsay Davenport (1999) Serena Williams (2000) Venus Williams (2001) Venus Williams (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Justine Henin (2004) Svetlana Kuznetsova (2005) Kim Clijsters (2006) Maria Sharapova (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Serena Williams (2009) Kim Clijsters (2010) Kim Clijsters (2011) Samantha Stosur (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Serena Williams (2015) Flavia Pennetta (2016) Angelique Kerber (2017) Sloane Stephens

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Female tennis players who have won 3 or more Grand Slam singles titles in one year

1928–29: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (3) 1953: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (4) 1962–65–69–70–73: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(3–3–3–4–3) 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(3) 1983–84: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(3) 1988–89–93–95–96: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(4–3–3–3–3) 1991–92: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(3) 1997: Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(3) 2002–15: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(3)

Monica Seles
Monica Seles
Achievements

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Women's Tennis Association
Women's Tennis Association
(WTA) world No. 1 singles players

Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(1975/1985 – 260 w) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
(1976 – 2 w) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(1978/1987 – 331 w) Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
(1980 – 22 w) Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(1987/1997 – 377 w) // Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(1991/1996 – 178 w) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(1995 – 12 w) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(1997/2001 – 209 w) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
(1998/2006 – 98 w) Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(2001/2002 – 17 w) Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(2002 – 11 w) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(2002/2017 – 319 w) Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
(2003/2011 – 20 w) Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(2003/2008 – 117 w) Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(2004/2006 – 39 w) Maria Sharapova
Maria Sharapova
(2005/2012 – 21 w) Ana Ivanovic
Ana Ivanovic
(2008 – 12 w) Jelena Janković
Jelena Janković
(2008/2009 – 18 w) Dinara Safina
Dinara Safina
(2009 – 26 w) Caroline Wozniacki
Caroline Wozniacki
(2010/2018 – 71 w) Victoria Azarenka
Victoria Azarenka
(2012/2013 – 51 w) Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(2016/2017 – 34 w) Karolína Plíšková
Karolína Plíšková
(2017 – 8 w) Garbiñe Muguruza
Garbiñe Muguruza
(2017 – 4 w) Simona Halep
Simona Halep
(2017/2018 – 22 w)

WTA rankings incepted on November 3, 1975 (year first held/year last held – number of weeks (w)) current No. 1 in bold, as of week of April 2, 2018[update]

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WTA Year-end championships winners singles

(1972) Chris Evert (1973) Chris Evert (1974) Evonne Goolagong (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Evonne Goolagong (1977) Chris Evert (1978) Martina Navratilova (1979) Martina Navratilova (1980) Tracy Austin (1981) Martina Navratilova (1982) Sylvia Hanika (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Martina Navratilova (1986-1) Martina Navratilova (1986-2) Martina Navratilova (1987) Steffi Graf (1988) Gabriela Sabatini (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Monica Seles (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Gabriela Sabatini (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Jana Novotná (1998) Martina Hingis (1999) Lindsay Davenport (2000) Martina Hingis (2001) Serena Williams (2002) Kim Clijsters (2003) Kim Clijsters (2004) Maria Sharapova (2005) Amélie Mauresmo (2006) Justine Henin (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Venus Williams (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Kim Clijsters (2011) Petra Kvitová (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Serena Williams (2015) Agnieszka Radwańska (2016) Dominika Cibulková (2017) Caroline Wozniacki

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Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year

1931: Helene Madison 1932: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1933: Helen Jacobs 1934: Virginia Van Wie 1935: Helen Wills 1936: Helen Stephens 1937: Katherine Rawls 1938: Patty Berg 1939: Alice Marble 1940: Alice Marble 1941: Betty Hicks 1942: Gloria Callen 1943: Patty Berg 1944: Ann Curtis 1945: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1946: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1947: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1948: Fanny Blankers-Koen 1949: Marlene Hagge 1950: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1951: Maureen Connolly 1952: Maureen Connolly 1953: Maureen Connolly 1954: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1955: Patty Berg 1956: Pat McCormick 1957: Althea Gibson 1958: Althea Gibson 1959: Maria Bueno 1960: Wilma Rudolph 1961: Wilma Rudolph 1962: Dawn Fraser 1963: Mickey Wright 1964: Mickey Wright 1965: Kathy Whitworth 1966: Kathy Whitworth 1967: Billie Jean King 1968: Peggy Fleming 1969: Debbie Meyer 1970: Chi Cheng 1971: Evonne Goolagong 1972: Olga Korbut 1973: Billie Jean King 1974: Chris Evert 1975: Chris Evert 1976: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Chris Evert 1978: Nancy Lopez 1979: Tracy Austin 1980: Chris Evert 1981: Tracy Austin 1982: Mary Decker 1983: Martina Navratilova 1984: Mary Lou Retton 1985: Nancy Lopez 1986: Martina Navratilova 1987: Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1988: Florence Griffith Joyner 1989: Steffi Graf 1990: Beth Daniel 1991: Monica Seles 1992: Monica Seles 1993: Sheryl Swoopes 1994: Bonnie Blair 1995: Rebecca Lobo 1996: Amy Van Dyken 1997: Martina Hingis 1998: Pak Se-ri 1999: United States
United States
women's national soccer team 2000: Marion Jones 2001: Jennifer Capriati 2002: Serena Williams 2003: Annika Sörenstam 2004: Annika Sörenstam 2005: Annika Sörenstam 2006: Lorena Ochoa 2007: Lorena Ochoa 2008: Candace Parker 2009: Serena Williams 2010: Lindsey Vonn 2011: Abby Wambach 2012: Gabby Douglas 2013: Serena Williams 2014: Mo'ne Davis 2015: Serena Williams 2016: Simone Biles 2017: Katie Ledecky

v t e

Best Female Athlete ESPY Award
Best Female Athlete ESPY Award
winners

1993: Seles 1994: Krone 1995: Blair 1996: Lobo 1997: Van Dyken 1998: Hamm 1999: Holdsclaw 2000: Graf 2001: Jones 2002: V. Williams 2003: S. Williams 2004: Taurasi 2005: Sörenstam 2006: Sörenstam 2007: Mowatt 2008: Parker 2009: Liukin 2010: Vonn 2011: Vonn 2012: Griner 2013: S. Williams 2014: Rousey 2015: Rousey 2016: Stewart 2017: Biles

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 15578530 LCCN: n93123807 ISNI: 0000 0001 0873 1893 GND: 11936

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