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US: 31st WI: 1st

• DENSITY 6,187.19/sq mi (2,388.90/km2)

• URBAN 1,376,476 (US: 35th )

• METRO 1,572,245 (US: 39th )

• CSA 2,043,904 (US: 29th )

DEMONYM(S) Milwaukeean

TIME ZONE CST ( UTC-6 )

• SUMMER (DST ) CDT ( UTC-5 )

ZIP CODES 53172, 53201, 53202, 53203, 53204, 53205, 53206, 53207, 53208, 53209, 53210, 53211, 53212, 53213, 53214, 53215, 53216, 53218, 53219, 53220, 53221, 53222, 53223, 53224, 53225, 53226, 53227, 53228, 53233, 53234, 53237, 53259, 53263, 53267, 53268, 53274, 53278, 53288, 53290, 53293, 53295

AREA CODE(S) 414

FIPS CODE 55-53000

GNIS FEATURE ID 1577901

MAJOR AIRPORT General Mitchell International Airport (MKE)

WEBSITE city.milwaukee.gov

MILWAUKEE (/mɪlˈwɔːki/ , locally /ˈmwɔːki/ ) is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States
United States
. The county seat of Milwaukee County , it is on Lake Michigan 's western shore. Ranked by estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was the 31st largest city in the United States. The city's estimated population in 2015 was 600,155. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
metropolitan area. It is also part of the larger Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha combined statistical area , which had an estimated population of 2,026,243 in the 2010 census.

The first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic missionaries and fur traders . In 1818, the French Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau
Solomon Juneau
settled in the area, and in 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the city of Milwaukee. Large numbers of German immigrants helped increase the city's population during the 1840s, with Poles
Poles
and other immigrants arriving in the following decades.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is known for its brewing traditions. The city is experiencing its largest construction boom since the 1960s . Major new additions to the city in the past two decades include the Milwaukee Riverwalk , the Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Center , Miller Park , an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum
Milwaukee Art Museum
, Milwaukee Repertory Theater
Milwaukee Repertory Theater
, and Pier Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena . The under-construction Wisconsin Entertainment and Sports Center is scheduled to open in 2018.

CONTENTS

* 1 History
History

* 1.1 Name * 1.2 American Indian Milwaukee
Milwaukee
* 1.3 Milwaukee
Milwaukee
since European settlement * 1.4 Historic neighborhoods

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Cityscape * 2.2 Climate * 2.3 Water

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 2010 Census * 3.2 Ethnic groups * 3.3 Religion

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Early economy * 4.2 Brewing
Brewing
* 4.3 Milwaukee\'s economy today

* 5 Culture

* 5.1 Museums

* 5.1.1 Art * 5.1.2 Science and natural history * 5.1.3 Social and cultural history

* 5.2 Arenas and performing arts * 5.3 Public art and monuments * 5.4 City
City
of Festivals * 5.5 Cuisine * 5.6 Music * 5.7 Municipal wireless

* 6 Sports

* 7 Parks and recreation

* 7.1 Parks and nature centers * 7.2 Milwaukee County public markets

* 8 Government and politics

* 8.1 Crime * 8.2 Poverty

* 9 Education

* 9.1 Primary and secondary education * 9.2 Higher education

* 10 Media

* 11 Infrastructure

* 11.1 Health care

* 11.2 Transportation

* 11.2.1 Airports * 11.2.2 Intercity rail and bus * 11.2.3 Commuter transit * 11.2.4 Freeways * 11.2.5 Water * 11.2.6 Bicycle

* 11.3 City
City
development

* 12 Notable people

* 13 Sister cities
Sister cities

* 13.1 Friendship cities

* 14 In popular culture * 15 See also * 16 Notes * 17 References * 18 Further reading * 19 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Milwaukee

NAME

The name "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word Millioke, meaning "Good", "Beautiful" and "Pleasant Land" (cf. Potawatomi language minwaking, Ojibwe language ominowakiing) or "Gathering place " (cf. Potawatomi language manwaking, Ojibwe language omaniwakiing).

AMERICAN INDIAN MILWAUKEE

The first recorded inhabitants of the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area are the Menominee , Fox , Mascouten , Sauk , Potawatomi , Ojibwe
Ojibwe
(all Algic/Algonquian peoples) and Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) (a Siouan people) Native American tribes. Many of these people had lived around Green Bay before migrating to the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area around the time of European contact.

In the second half of the 18th century, the Indians at Milwaukee played a role in all the major wars on the American continent. During the French and Indian War , a group of "Ojibwas and Pottawattamies from the far Michigan" (i.e., the area from Milwaukee
Milwaukee
to Green Bay) joined the French-Canadian Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu at the Battle of the Monongahela . In the American Revolutionary War , the Indians around Milwaukee
Milwaukee
were some of the few Native Americans allied with the Americans throughout the Revolution.

After American independence, the Indians fought the United States
United States
in the Northwest Indian War as part of the Council of Three Fires . During the War of 1812 , Indians held a council in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in June 1812, which resulted in their decision to attack Chicago
Chicago
. This resulted in the Battle of Fort Dearborn
Battle of Fort Dearborn
on August 15, 1812, the only known armed conflict in the Chicago
Chicago
area. The War of 1812 did not end well for the Indians, and after the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Indians in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
signed their final treaty with the United States in Chicago
Chicago
in 1833. This paved the way for American settlement.

MILWAUKEE SINCE EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT

Statue of Solomon Juneau
Solomon Juneau
, who helped establish the city of Milwaukee
Milwaukee

Europeans had arrived in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area prior to the 1833 Treaty of Chicago. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 17th and 18th centuries. Alexis Laframboise, in 1785, coming from Michilimackinac (now in Michigan) settled a trading post; therefore, he is the first European descent resident of the Milwaukee region. Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Milwacky, Mahn-a-waukie, Milwarck, and Milwaucki. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee's name says,

ne day during the thirties of the last century a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, and Milwaukee
Milwaukee
it has remained until this day.

The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie , Oregon
Oregon
, named after the Wisconsin
Wisconsin
city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has three "founding fathers ": Solomon Juneau
Solomon Juneau
, Byron Kilbourn , and George H. Walker . Solomon Juneau
Solomon Juneau
was the first of the three to come to the area, in 1818. He was not the first European settler (Alexis Laframboise settled a trading post in 1785 ) but founded a town called Juneau's Side, or Juneautown, that began attracting more settlers. In competition with Juneau, Byron Kilbourn established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River and made sure the streets running toward the river did not join with those on the east side. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges that still exist in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
today. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or the river's east side was uninhabited and thus undesirable. The third prominent builder was George H. Walker . He claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area grew and became known as Walker's Point.

The first large wave of settlement to the areas that would later become Milwaukee County and the City
City
of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
began in 1835. Early that year it became known Juneau and Kilbourn intended to lay out competing town-sites and by the years' end both had purchased their lands from the government and made their first sales. There were perhaps 100 new settlers in this year, mostly from New England and other Eastern States. On September 17, 1835, the first election was held in Milwaukee; the number of votes cast was 39.

By 1840, the three towns had grown quite a bit, along with their rivalries. There were intense battles between the towns, mainly Juneautown and Kilbourntown, which culminated with the Milwaukee Bridge War of 1845. Following the Bridge War, it was decided the best course of action was to officially unite the towns. So, on January 31, 1846, they combined to incorporate as the City
City
of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and elected Solomon Juneau
Solomon Juneau
as Milwaukee's first mayor. Illustrated map of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in 1872

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
began to grow as a city as high numbers of immigrants, mainly German , made their way to Wisconsin
Wisconsin
during the 1840s and 1850s. Scholars classify German immigration to the United States
United States
in three major waves, and Wisconsin
Wisconsin
received a significant number of immigrants from all three. The first wave from 1845 to 1855 consisted mainly of people from Southwestern Germany
Southwestern Germany
, the second wave from 1865 to 1873 concerned primarily Northwestern Germany , while the third wave from 1880 to 1893 came from Northeastern Germany . In the 1840s, the number of people who left German-speaking lands was 385,434, in the 1850s it reached 976,072, and an all-time high of 1.4 million emigrated in the 1880s. In 1890, the 2.78 million first-generation German Americans represented the second largest foreign-born group in the United States. Of all those who left the German lands between 1835 and 1910, 90 percent went to the United States, most of them traveling to the Mid-Atlantic states and the Midwest.

By 1900 34 percent of Milwaukee's population was of German background. The largest number of German immigrants to Milwaukee
Milwaukee
came from Prussia , followed by Bavaria , Saxony
Saxony
, Hanover
Hanover
, and Hesse-Darmstadt
Hesse-Darmstadt
. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
gained its reputation for the most German of American cities not just from the large number of German immigrants it received, but the sense of community which the immigrants established there.

Most German immigrants came to Wisconsin
Wisconsin
in search of inexpensive farmland. However, immigration began to change in character and size in the late 1840s and early 1850s, due to the 1848 revolutionary movements in Europe. After 1848, hopes for a united Germany had failed, and revolutionary and radical Germans, known as the "Forty-Eighters", turned their attention to the United States. One of the most famous "liberal revolutionaries" of 1848 was Carl Schurz , who explained why he came to Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in 1854, "It is true, similar things were done in other cities where the Forty-eighters had congregated. But so far as I know, nowhere did their influence so quickly impress itself upon the whole social atmosphere as in 'German Athens of America' as Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was called at the time."

Schurz was referring to the various clubs and societies Germans developed in Milwaukee. The pattern of German immigrants to settle near each other encouraged the continuation of German lifestyle and customs. This resulted in German language organizations that encompassed all aspects of life; for example, singing societies and gymnastics clubs. Germans
Germans
also made a lasting impact on the American school system. Kindergarten was created as a pre-school for children, and sports programs of all levels, as well as music and art were incorporated as elements of the regular school curriculum. These ideas were first introduced by radical-democratic German groups, such as the Socialist Turner Societies, known today as the American Turners . Specifically in Milwaukee, the American Turners established its own Normal College for teachers of physical education and a German-English Academy.

Milwaukee's German element is still strongly present today. The city celebrates its German culture by annually hosting a German Fest in July and an Oktoberfest
Oktoberfest
in October. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
boasts a number of German restaurants, as well as a traditional German beer hall. Even the German language is not lost, as a German language immersion school is offered for children in grades K-5 . Germans
Germans
were, and still are, an important component of life in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and Milwaukee. Milwaukee's Lake Front Depot
Lake Front Depot
in 1898

Although the German presence in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
after the Civil War remained strong, other groups made their way to the city. Foremost among these were Polish immigrants. The Poles
Poles
had many reasons for leaving their homeland, mainly poverty and political oppression. Because Milwaukee
Milwaukee
offered the Polish immigrants an abundance of low-paying entry level jobs, it became one of the largest Polish settlements in the USA . Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Street, Milwaukee, 1900

For many residents, Milwaukee\'s South Side is synonymous with the Polish community which settled here. The group's proud ethnicity maintained a high profile here for decades and it was not until the 1950s and 1960s that the families began to disperse to the southern suburbs.

By 1850, there were seventy-five Poles
Poles
in Milwaukee County and the US Census shows they had a variety of occupations: grocers, blacksmiths, tavernkeepers, coopers, butchers, broommakers, shoemakers, draymen, laborers, and farmers. Three distinct Polish communities evolved in Milwaukee, with the majority settling in the area south of Greenfield Avenue. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
County's Polish population of 30,000 in 1890 rose to 100,000 by 1915. Poles
Poles
historically have had a strong national cultural and social identity, maintained through the Catholic Church. A view of Milwaukee's South Side skyline is replete with the steeples of the many churches these immigrants built that are still vital centers of the community.

St. Stanislaus Catholic Church and the surrounding neighborhood was the center of Polish life in Milwaukee. As the Polish community surrounding St. Stanislaus continued to grow, Mitchell Street became known as the "Polish Grand Avenue". As Mitchell Street grew denser, the Polish population started moving south to the Lincoln Village neighborhood , home to the Basilica of St. Josaphat and Kosciuszko Park . Other Polish communities started on the east side of Milwaukee and Jones Island , a major commercial fishing center settled mostly by Poles
Poles
from the Baltic Sea .

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has the fifth-largest Polish population in the U.S. at 45,467, ranking behind New York City
City
(211,203), Chicago
Chicago
(165,784), Los Angeles (60,316) and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(52,648). The city holds Polish Fest , an annual celebration of Polish culture
Polish culture
and cuisine .

In addition to the Germans
Germans
and Poles, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
received a large influx of other European immigrants from Lithuania
Lithuania
, Italy
Italy
, Ireland
Ireland
, France
France
, Russia
Russia
, Bohemia and Sweden
Sweden
, which included Jews , Lutherans , and Catholics . Italian Americans number in the city at 16,992 but, in Milwaukee County they number at 38,286. The largest Italian American festival, Festa Italiana is held in the city. By 1910, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
shared the distinction with New York City
City
of having the largest percentage of foreign-born residents in the United States. In 1910, whites represented 99.7% of the city's total population of 373 857. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has a strong Greek Orthodox Community, many of whom attend the Greek Orthodox Church on Milwaukee's northwest side, designed by Wisconsin
Wisconsin
-born architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
. Milwaukee has a sizable Croatian population with Croatian churches and their own historic and successful soccer club The Croatian Eagles
Croatian Eagles
at the 30-acre Croatian Park in Franklin, Wisconsin.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
also has a large Serbian population with Serbian restaurants, a Serbian K-8 School , Serbian churches along with an American Serb Hall. The American Serb Hall in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is known for its Friday fish fries and popular events. Many U.S. presidents have visited Milwaukee's Serb Hall in the past. The Bosnian population is growing in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
as well due to the recent migration after the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina .

During this time, a small community of African Americans who emigrated from the South formed a community that would come to be known as Bronzeville . As industry boomed, the African-American influence grew in Milwaukee.

By 1925, around 9,000 Mexican Americans lived in Milwaukee, but the Great Depression forced many of them to move back home. In the 1950s, the Hispanic community was beginning to emerge. They arrived for jobs, filling positions in the manufacturing and agricultural sectors. During this time there were labor shortages due to the immigration laws that restricted Europeans from immigrating to the United States. Additionally, strikes contributed to the labor shortages.

During the first sixty years of the 20th century, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was the major city in which the Socialist Party of America
Socialist Party of America
earned the highest votes. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
elected three mayors who ran on the ticket of the Socialist Party: Emil Seidel (1910–1912), Daniel Hoan (1916–1940), and Frank Zeidler (1948–1960). Often referred to as "Sewer Socialists ", the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Socialists were characterized by their practical approach to government and labor.

HISTORIC NEIGHBORHOODS

Main article: Neighborhoods of Milwaukee The historic Third Ward

In 1892, Whitefish Bay , South Milwaukee
Milwaukee
, and Wauwatosa were incorporated. They were followed by Cudahy (1895), North Milwaukee (1897) and East Milwaukee, later known as Shorewood , in 1900. In the early 20th century West Allis (1902), and West Milwaukee
Milwaukee
(1906) were added, which completed the first generation of "inner-ring" suburbs.

In the 1920s Chicago
Chicago
gangster activity came north to Milwaukee
Milwaukee
during the Prohibition era . Al Capone
Al Capone
, noted Chicago
Chicago
mobster, owned a home in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
suburb Brookfield , where moonshine was made. The house still stands on a street named after Capone.

By 1960, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
had grown to become one of the largest cities in the United States. Its population peaked at 741,324. In 1960, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 8.4% black and 91.1% white.

By the late 1960s, Milwaukee's population had started to decline due to white flight Milwaukee
Milwaukee
had a population of 636,212 by 1980, while the population of the metropolitan area increased. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
avoided the severe declines of its fellow "rust belt " cities due to its large immigrant population and historic neighborhoods.

Since the 1980s, the city has begun to make strides in improving its economy, neighborhoods , and image, resulting in the revitalization of neighborhoods such as the Historic Third Ward , Lincoln Village , the East Side , and more recently Walker's Point and Bay View , along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area. These efforts have substantially slowed the population decline and has stabilized many parts of Milwaukee.

Milwaukee's European history is evident today. Largely through its efforts to preserve its history, in 2006 Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was named one of the "Dozen Distinctive Destinations" by the National Trust for Historic Preservation .

In 2010, the Census Bureau released revised population numbers for Milwaukee
Milwaukee
that showed the city gained population, growing by 1.3%, between 2000 and 2009. This was the first population increase the city of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has seen since the 1960 census .

Historic Milwaukee
Milwaukee
walking tours provide a guided tour of Milwaukee's historic districts, including topics on Milwaukee's architectural heritage, its glass skywalk system, and the Milwaukee Riverwalk . Panorama map of Milwaukee, with a view of the City
City
Hall tower, c. 1898

GEOGRAPHY

Downtown Milwaukee
Milwaukee
from the Milwaukee River

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
lies along the shores and bluffs of Lake Michigan at the confluence of three rivers: the Menomonee , the Kinnickinnic , and the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
. Smaller rivers, such as the Root River and Lincoln Creek, also flow through the city.

Milwaukee's terrain is sculpted by the glacier path and includes steep bluffs along Lake Michigan that begin about a mile (1.6 km) north of downtown. In addition, 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is the Kettle Moraine and lake country that provides an industrial landscape combined with inland lakes.

According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 96.80 square miles (250.71 km2), of which, 96.12 square miles (248.95 km2) is land and 0.68 square miles (1.76 km2) is water. The city is overwhelmingly (99.89% of its area) in Milwaukee County , but there are two tiny unpopulated parts of it that extend into neighboring counties. The part in Washington County is bordered by the southeast corner of Germantown , while the part in Waukesha County is bordered by the southeast corner of Menomonee Falls , north of the village of Butler .

CITYSCAPE

See also: List of tallest buildings in Milwaukee Panoramic view of downtown Milwaukee, looking southeast to southwest from E. State St.: Kilbourn Tower , University Club Tower , Yankee Hill Apartments 1 (foreground), Northwestern Mutual
Northwestern Mutual
North Tower, the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist (foreground), U.S. Bank Center , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Gas Building , Cathedral Place, The Pfister Hotel , AT">

Because of Milwaukee's proximity to Lake Michigan, a convection current forms around mid-afternoon in light wind, resulting in the so-called "lake breeze" – a smaller scale version of the more common sea breeze . The lake breeze is most common between the months of March and July. This onshore flow causes cooler temperatures to move inland usually 5 to 15 miles (8 to 24 km), with much warmer conditions persisting further inland. Residents refer to this phenomenon with the phrase "cooler by the lake". Because Milwaukee's official climate site, General Mitchell International Airport , is only 3 miles (4.8 km) from the lake, seasonal temperature variations are less extreme than in many other locations of the Milwaukee metropolitan area .

As the sun sets, the convection current reverses and an offshore flow ensues causing a land breeze. After a land breeze develops, warmer temperatures flow east toward the lakeshore, sometimes causing high temperatures during the late evening. The lake breeze is not a daily occurrence and will not usually form if a southwest, west, or northwest wind generally exceeds 15 mph (24 km/h). The lake moderates cold air outbreaks along the lakeshore during winter months.

Aside from the lake's influence, overnight lows in downtown Milwaukee year-round are often much warmer than suburban locations because of the urban heat island effect . Onshore winds elevate daytime relative humidity levels in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
as compared to inland locations nearby.

Thunderstorms in the region can be dangerous and damaging, bringing hail and high winds. In rare instances, they can bring a tornado . However, almost all summer rainfall in the city is brought by these storms. In spring and fall, longer events of prolonged, lighter rain bring most of the precipitation . A moderate snow cover can be seen on or linger for many winter days, but even during meteorological winter, on average, over 40% of days see less than 1 inch (2.5 cm) on the ground.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
tends to experience highs that are 90 °F (32 °C) on or above 7 days per year, and lows at or below 0 °F (−18 °C) on 6–7 nights. Extremes range from 105 °F (41 °C) set on July 24, 1934 down to −26 °F (−32 °C) on both January 17, 1982 and February 4, 1996. The 1982 event, also known as Cold Sunday , featured temperatures as low as −40 °F (−40 °C) in some of the suburbs as little as 10 miles (16 km) to the north of Milwaukee.

CLIMATE DATA FOR MILWAUKEE (GENERAL MITCHELL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1871–PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 63 (17) 71 (22) 84 (29) 91 (33) 94 (34) 104 (40) 105 (41) 103 (39) 99 (37) 89 (32) 77 (25) 68 (20) 105 (41)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 28.9 (−1.7) 32.5 (0.3) 42.4 (5.8) 53.8 (12.1) 64.9 (18.3) 75.3 (24.1) 80.1 (26.7) 78.5 (25.8) 71.3 (21.8) 59.3 (15.2) 46.0 (7.8) 32.8 (0.4) 55.5 (13.1)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 15.6 (−9.1) 19.3 (−7.1) 27.7 (−2.4) 37.3 (2.9) 46.5 (8.1) 57.1 (13.9) 63.5 (17.5) 63.0 (17.2) 54.9 (12.7) 43.2 (6.2) 32.0 (0) 20.1 (−6.6) 40.0 (4.4)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −26 (−32) −26 (−32) −10 (−23) 12 (−11) 21 (−6) 33 (1) 40 (4) 42 (6) 28 (−2) 15 (−9) −14 (−26) −22 (−30) −26 (−32)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 1.76 (44.7) 1.65 (41.9) 2.27 (57.7) 3.56 (90.4) 3.40 (86.4) 3.90 (99.1) 3.67 (93.2) 3.97 (100.8) 3.18 (80.8) 2.65 (67.3) 2.71 (68.8) 2.04 (51.8) 34.76 (882.9)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 14.7 (37.3) 9.8 (24.9) 7.0 (17.8) 2.0 (5.1) 0.1 (0.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.3 (0.8) 2.4 (6.1) 10.6 (26.9) 46.9 (119.1)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 11.4 9.7 11.4 12.1 11.4 10.4 9.8 9.5 8.8 10.0 11.3 10.9 126.7

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 9.8 7.5 5.6 1.7 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.3 2.5 7.8 35.3

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 72.3 71.9 71.4 68.5 68.5 69.7 71.5 74.9 75.4 72.5 74.5 75.9 72.3

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 140.2 151.5 185.4 213.5 275.5 304.5 321.1 281.2 215.1 178.0 112.8 104.8 2,483.6

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 48 51 50 53 61 66 69 65 57 52 38 37 56

Source: NOAA/NWS (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)

WATER

In the 1990s and 2000s, Lake Michigan experienced large algae blooms , which can threaten marine life. Responding to this problem, in 2009 the city became an "Innovating City" in the Global Compact Cities Program. The Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Water Council was also formed in 2009. Its objectives were to "better understand the processes related to freshwater systems dynamics" and to develop "a policy and management program aimed at balancing the protection and utilization of freshwater". The strategy used the Circles of Sustainability method. Instead of treating the water quality problem as a single environmental issue, the Water Council draws on the Circles method to analyze the interconnection among ecological, economic, political and cultural factors. This holistic water treatment helped Milwaukee
Milwaukee
win the US Water Alliance's 2012 US Water Prize.

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1840 1,700

1850 20,061

1,080.1%

1860 45,246

125.5%

1870 71,440

57.9%

1880 115,587

61.8%

1890 204,468

76.9%

1900 285,315

39.5%

1910 373,857

31.0%

1920 457,147

22.3%

1930 578,249

26.5%

1940 587,472

1.6%

1950 637,392

8.5%

1960 741,324

16.3%

1970 717,099

−3.3%

1980 636,212

−11.3%

1990 628,088

−1.3%

2000 596,974

−5.0%

2010 594,833

−0.4%

EST. 2016 595,047

0.0%

U.S. Decennial Census 2013 Estimate

599,164 people live in Milwaukee, according to the 2013 U.S. Census estimate. As of 2000, 135,133 families resided in 232,188 Milwaukee households. The population density is 2,399.5/km2 (6,214.3 per square mile). There are 249,225 housing units at an average density of 1,001.7/km2 (2,594.4 per square mile).

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is the 31st most populous city in the United States
United States
, and anchors the 39th most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States. Its combined statistical area population makes it the 29th most populous Combined Statistical Area of the United States. In 2012, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was listed as a gamma global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network .

2010 CENSUS

About 30.5% of households in 2000 had children under the age of 18 living with them. 32.2% of households were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were single individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was, 2.50 people per household with the average family size at 3.25 people per family.

In 2000, the Census estimated at least 1,408 same-sex households in Milwaukee, or about 0.6% of all households in the city. Gay-friendly communities have developed primarily in Walker\'s Point , but also in Bay View , Historic Third Ward , Washington Heights , Riverwest , and the East Side . In 2001, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was named the #1 city for lesbians by Girlfriends magazine.

The city's population is spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $32,216, and the median income for a family is $37,879. Males have a median income of $32,244 versus $26,013 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,181. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line . In 2010, rent increased an averaged 3% for home renters in Milwaukee. Out of the total population, 31.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

ETHNIC GROUPS

Map of racial distribution in Milwaukee, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: WHITE, BLACK, ASIAN, HISPANIC or OTHER (yellow)

RACIAL COMPOSITION 2010 2000 1990 1980

White (Non-Hispanic) 37.0% 45.5% 60.8% 71.4%

Black or African American 40.0% 36.9% 30.2% 22.9%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 17.3% 12.0% 6.3% 4.2%

Asian 3.5% 2.9% 1.8% 0.7%

According to the 2010 Census, 44.8% of the population was White (37.0% non-Hispanic white ), 40.0% was Black or African American, 0.8% American Indian and Alaska Native, 3.5% Asian, 3.4% from two or more races. 17.3% of Milwaukee's population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (they may be of any race) (11.7% Mexican, 4.1% Puerto Rican).

According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, 38.3% of Milwaukee's residents reported having African American ancestry and 20.8% reported German ancestry. Other significant population groups include Polish (8.8%), Irish (6.5%), Italian (3.6%), English (2.8%), and French (1.7%). According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census, the largest Hispanic backgrounds in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
as of 2010 were: Mexican (69,680), Puerto Rican (24,672), Other Hispanic or Latino (3,808), Central American (1,962), South American (1,299), Cuban (866) and Dominican (720).

The Milwaukee metropolitan area was cited as being the most segregated in the U.S. in a Jet Magazine article in 2002. The source of this information was a segregation index developed in the mid-1950s and used since 1964. In 2003, a non-peer reviewed study was conducted by hired researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
which claimed Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is not "hypersegregated" and instead ranks as the 43rd most integrated city in America. In 2011, according to an article by Daniel Denvir at www.salon.org, John Paul Dewitt of censusscope.org and the University of Michigan's Social Science Data Analysis Network looks at census data and finds Milwaukee
Milwaukee
to be the most segregated urban area in the US. Through continued dialogue between Milwaukee's citizens, the city is trying to reduce racial tensions and the rate of segregation. With demographic changes in the wake of white flight , segregation in metropolitan Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is primarily in the suburbs rather than the city as in the era of Father Groppi .

In 2015 Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was rated as the "worst city for black Americans" based on disparities in employment and income levels. The city's black population experiences disproportionately high levels of incarceration and a severe educational achievement gap .

In 2013 Mark Pfeifer, the editor of the Hmong Studies Journal , stated Hmong in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
had recently been moving to the northwest side of Milwaukee; they historically lived in the north and south areas of Milwaukee. The Hmong American Peace Academy /International Peace Academy , a K-12 school system in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
centered on the Hmong community , opened in 2004.

RELIGION

St. Josaphat Basilica , in Milwaukee's historic Lincoln Village .

As of 2010, approximately 51.8% of residents in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area said they regularly attended religious services. 24.6% of the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area population identified as Catholic , 10.8% as Lutheran
Lutheran
, 1.6% as Methodist , and 0.6% as Jewish .

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee
and the Episcopal Diocese of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
are headquartered in Milwaukee. The School Sisters of the Third Order of St Francis have their mother house in Milwaukee, and several other religious orders have a significant presence in the area, including the Jesuits and Franciscans . Milwaukee, where Father Josef Kentenich was exiled for 14 years from 1952 to 1965, is also the center for the Schoenstatt Movement in the United States. St. Joan of Arc Chapel , the oldest church in Milwaukee, is on the Marquette University campus. St. Josaphat Basilica was the first church to be given the Basilica honor in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and the third in the United States. Holy Hill National Shrine of Mary, Help
Help
of Christians , northwest of Milwaukee, in Hubertus, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, was also made a Basilica in 2006.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is home for several Lutheran
Lutheran
synods, including the Greater Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Church in America ; the Lutheran
Lutheran
Church–Missouri Synod (LCMS), which operates Concordia University Wisconsin
Wisconsin
in Mequon and Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Lutheran
Lutheran
High School , the nation's oldest Lutheran
Lutheran
high school; and the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran
Lutheran
Synod (WELS), which was founded in 1850 in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and maintains its national headquarters there.

The St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Cathedral is a landmark of the Serbian community in Milwaukee, located by the American Serb hall.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has a presence in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area. The Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area has two stakes, with fourteen wards and four branches among them. The closest temple is the Chicago Illinois Temple . The area is part of the Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Mission .

ECONOMY

EARLY ECONOMY

Milwaukee's founding fathers had a vision for the city: they knew it was perfectly situated as a port city, a center for collecting and distributing produce. Many of the new immigrants who were pouring into the new state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
during the middle of the 19th century were wheat farmers. By 1860, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
was the second ranked wheat -growing state in the country and Milwaukee
Milwaukee
shipped more wheat than any place in the world. Railroads were needed to transport all this grain from the wheat fields of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
to Milwaukee's harbor . Improvements in railways at the time made this possible.

There was intense competition for markets with Chicago
Chicago
, and to a lesser degree, with Racine and Kenosha . Eventually Chicago
Chicago
won out due to its superior financial and transposition status, as well as being a hub on major railroad lines throughout the United States. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
did solidify its place as the commercial capital of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and an important market in the Midwest. Rail tracks along the industrial Menomonee Valley
Menomonee Valley
, ancestral home of the Menominee Indians

Because of its easy access to Lake Michigan and other waterways, Milwaukee's Menomonee Valley
Menomonee Valley
has historically been home to manufacturing , stockyards , rendering plants , shipping , and other heavy industry .

Reshaping of the valley began with the railroads built by city co-founder Byron Kilbourn
Byron Kilbourn
to bring product from Wisconsin's farm interior to the port. By 1862 Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was the largest shipper of wheat on the planet, and related industry developed. Grain elevators were built and, due to Milwaukee's dominant German immigrant population , breweries sprang up around the processing of barley and hops . A number of tanneries were constructed, of which the Pfister "> Entrance to Miller Brewery in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
The Pabst Brewery Complex , closed in 1997, before its redevelopment

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was once the home to four of the world's largest beer breweries (Schlitz , Blatz , Pabst , and Miller ), and was the number one beer producing city in the world for many years. Despite the decline in its position as the world's leading beer producer after the loss of two of those breweries, Miller Brewing
Brewing
Company remains a key employer by employing over 2,200 of the city's workers. Because of Miller's position as the second-largest beer-maker in the U.S., the city remains known as a beer town. The city and surrounding areas are seeing a resurgence in microbreweries, nanobreweries and brewpubs with the craft beer movement.

The historic Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Brewery in "Miller Valley" at 4000 West State Street, is the oldest functioning major brewery in the United States. In 2008, Coors beer also began to be brewed in Miller Valley. This created additional brewery jobs in Milwaukee, but the company's world headquarters moved from Milwaukee
Milwaukee
to Chicago
Chicago
.

In addition to Miller and the heavily automated Leinenkugel\'s brewery in the old Blatz 10th Street plant, other stand-alone breweries in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
include Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Brewing
Brewing
Company, a microbrewery in Walker\'s Point neighborhood ; Lakefront Brewery , a microbrewery in Brewers Hill; Sprecher Brewery, a German brewery that also brews craft sodas; Enlightened Brewing
Brewing
Company, a nanobrewery in Walker's Point; and Brenner Brewing, also in Walker's Point.

Three beer brewers with Wisconsin
Wisconsin
operations made the 2009 list of the 50 largest beermakers in the United States, based on beer sales volume. Making the latest big-breweries list from Wisconsin
Wisconsin
is MillerCoors at No. 2. MillerCoors is a joint venture formed in 2008 by Milwaukee-based Miller Brewing
Brewing
Co. and Golden, Colorado-based Molson Coors Brewing
Brewing
Company . The Minhas Craft Brewery in Monroe, Wisconsin , which brews Huber, Rhinelander and Mountain Crest brands, ranked No. 14 and New Glarus Brewing
Brewing
Company , New Glarus, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, whose brands include Spotted Cow, Fat Squirrel and Uff-da, ranked No. 32.

Happy Days and Laverne and Shirley , two sitcoms that aired on ABC in the 1970s and 1980s, were set in Milwaukee, and often used the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
breweries as a backdrop for the storyline.

MILWAUKEE\'S ECONOMY TODAY

In 2007, three Milwaukee-area companies were among nine firms honored for manufacturing excellence in the Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Manufacturer of the Year competition. Astronautics Corporation of America and Brady Corporation , both of which have headquarters in Milwaukee, and Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Plating Works Inc., Racine, each received special awards. Privately held Astronautics, a major supplier of government and commercial avionics, was honored for its high-technology research and development program. Brady, a publicly owned manufacturer of signs, labels and other identification and security products, received an award for corporate excellence. Privately owned Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Plating Works, which provides metal finishing services, received an award for employee and environmental stewardship. Nominated companies were evaluated in areas such as financial growth or consistency, technological advances, product development, environmental solutions, operational excellence/continuous improvement, commitment to employees, and effective research and development. Rockwell Automation Headquarters and Allen-Bradley Clock Tower

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is the home to the international headquarters of six Fortune 500 companies: Johnson Controls
Johnson Controls
, Northwestern Mutual
Northwestern Mutual
, Manpower , Rockwell Automation
Rockwell Automation
, Harley-Davidson
Harley-Davidson
and Joy Global
Joy Global
. Other companies based in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
include Briggs & Stratton , Marshall "> Milwaukee's skyline visible from a sailboat out on Lake Michigan

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is a popular venue for Lake Michigan sailing, windsurfing, kitesurfing, ethnic dining, and cultural festivals. Often referred to as the City
City
of Festivals, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has various cultural events which take place throughout the summer at Henry Maier Festival Park , on the lake. Museums and cultural events, such as Jazz
Jazz
in the Park, occur weekly in downtown parks. A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Milwaukee 15th most walkable of fifty largest U.S. cities.

MUSEUMS

Art

Milwaukee Art Museum
Milwaukee Art Museum

* The Milwaukee Art Museum
Milwaukee Art Museum
is perhaps Milwaukee's most visually prominent cultural attraction; especially its $100 million wing designed by Santiago Calatrava
Santiago Calatrava
in his first American commission. The museum includes a brise soleil, a moving sunscreen that unfolds similar to the wing of a bird. * The Grohmann Museum , at Milwaukee School of Engineering contains the world's most comprehensive art collection dedicated to the evolution of human work. It houses the Man at Work collection, which comprises more than 700 paintings and sculptures dating from 1580 to the present. The museum also features a spectacular rooftop sculpture garden. * Haggerty Museum of Art
Haggerty Museum of Art
, on the Marquette University
Marquette University
campus houses several classical masterpieces and is open to the public. * The Villa Terrace Decorative Arts Museum is the former home of Lloyd Smith, president of the A.O. Smith corporation, and has a terraced garden, an assortment of Renaissance art, and rotating exhibits. * Charles Allis Art Museum , in the Tudor-style mansion of Charles Allis, hosts several changing exhibits every year in the building's original antique furnished setting.

Science And Natural History

The Calling I-beams Discovery World
Discovery World

* The Milwaukee Public Museum
Milwaukee Public Museum
has been Milwaukee's primary natural history and human history museum for 125 years, with over 150,000 square feet (14,000 m2) of permanent exhibits. Exhibits feature Africa, Europe, the Arctic, Oceania, and South and Middle America, the ancient Western civilizations ("Crossroads of Civilization"), dinosaurs, the tropical rainforest , streets of Old Milwaukee, a European Village, live insects and arthropods ("Bugs Alive!") a Sampson Gorilla replica, the Puelicher Butterfly Wing, hands-on laboratories, and animatronics. The museum also contains a IMAX
IMAX
movie theater/planetarium. Milwaukee Public Museum
Milwaukee Public Museum
owns the world's largest dinosaur skull. * Discovery World
Discovery World
, Milwaukee's largest museum dedicated to science, is just south of the Milwaukee Art Museum
Milwaukee Art Museum
along the lake front. Visitors are drawn by its high-tech, hand-on exhibits, salt water and freshwater aquariums, as well as touch tanks and digital theaters. A double helix staircase wraps around the 40-foot (12 m) kinetic sculpture of a human genome. The S/V Dennis Sullivan Schooner Ship docked at Discovery World
Discovery World
is the world's only re-creation of an 1880s-era three-masted vessel and the first schooner to be built in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in over 100 years. It teaches visitors about the Great Lakes and Wisconsin's maritime history. * Betty Brinn Children's Museum is geared toward children under 10 and is filled with hands-on exhibits and interactive programs, offering families a chance to learn together. Voted one of the top 10 museums for children by Parents Magazine
Parents Magazine
, it exemplifies the philosophy that constructive play nurtures the mind. * Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory
Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory
(Mitchell Park Domes or, simply, the Domes) is a conservatory at Mitchell Park. It is owned and operated by the Milwaukee County Park System, and replaced the original Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Conservatory which stood from 1898 to 1955. The three domes display a large variety of plant and bird life. The conservatory includes the Tropical Dome, the Arid Dome and the Show Dome, which hosts four seasonal (cultural, literary, or historic) shows and one Christmas exhibit held annually in December for visitors to enjoy.

Social And Cultural History

Pabst Mansion

* Pabst Mansion Built in 1892 by beer tycoon Frederick Pabst, this Flemish Renaissance Mansion was once considered the jewel of Milwaukee's famous avenue of mansions called the "Grand Avenue". Interior rooms have been restored with period furniture, to create an authentic replica of a Victorian Mansion. Nationally recognized as a house museum. * Milwaukee County Historical Society features Milwaukee
Milwaukee
during the late 19th century through the mid-20th century. Housed within an architectural landmark, the Milwaukee's Historical Society features a panoramic painting of Milwaukee, firefighting equipment, period replicas of a pharmacy and a bank, and Children's world – an exhibit that includes vintage toys, clothes and school materials. The museum houses a research library, where scenes from the movie Public Enemies were shot. * Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Black Historical Society , whose mission is to document and preserve the historical heritage of African descent in Wisconsin, exhibiting collecting and disseminating materials depicting this heritage. * America\'s Black Holocaust Museum , founded by lynching survivor James Cameron , features exhibits which chronicle the injustices suffered throughout history by African Americans in the United States. The museum closed temporarily in July 2008 as a result of financial difficulties; no formal re-opening date had been set. The museum reopened in 2012 as a virtual museum . * Jewish Museum Milwaukee , is dedicated to preserving and presenting the history of the Jewish people in southeastern Wisconsin and celebrating the continuum of Jewish heritage and culture. * Mitchell Gallery of Flight , at General Mitchell International Airport , Milwaukee's aviation and historical enthusiasts experience the history of General Mitchell International Airport with a visit to the Gallery of Flight. Exhibits include General Billy Mitchell; replicas of past and present aircraft including the Lawson Airline, the first commercial airliner; the Graf Zeppelin II, the sistership to the tragically legendary Hindenburg; a 1911 Curtis Pusher, an airplane with the propeller in the rear of the plane; and the present day giant of the sky, the 747. Other exhibits include commercial air memorabilia, early aviation engines and airport beacons. * Harley-Davidson
Harley-Davidson
Museum , opened in 2008, pays tribute to Harley-Davidson
Harley-Davidson
motorcycles and is the only museum of its type in the world. * Chudnow Museum of Yesteryear

In 2009, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
ranked No. 11 on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns", a piece written by current CBS News
CBS News
travel editor Peter Greenberg
Peter Greenberg
. In determining his ranking, Greenberg cited—among other things—the city's number of "standout historical structures", such as the Pabst Mansion and the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Public Museum.

ARENAS AND PERFORMING ARTS

Performing arts groups and venues include:

* Bel Canto Chorus * First Stage Children\'s Theater * Florentine Opera * Marcus Center for the Performing Arts
Marcus Center for the Performing Arts
* Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra * Milwaukee Theatre * Milwaukee Youth Arts Center
Milwaukee Youth Arts Center
* Milwaukee Ballet
Milwaukee Ballet
* Milwaukee Repertory Theater
Milwaukee Repertory Theater
* Milwaukee Opera Theatre * Milwaukee Public Theatre * Milwaukee Youth Theatre * Pabst Theater * Pioneer Drum and Bugle Corps * Present Music * The Rave
The Rave
/Eagles Ballroom * Riverside Theater * Skylight Music Theatre * Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Conservatory of Music * Turner Hall * BMO Harris Bradley Center
BMO Harris Bradley Center
* Miller Park * Marcus Amphitheater
Marcus Amphitheater
on the Henry Maier Festival Park Summerfest Grounds

In 1984 ComedySportz was founded in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
by native Dick Chudnow and has since become a franchise, with numerous venues throughout the United States
United States
and England. In July 2009 the ComedySportz world championship returned to Milwaukee
Milwaukee
to coincide with its 25th anniversary.

*

The Rave
The Rave
/Eagles Ballroom *

Milwaukee Youth Arts Center
Milwaukee Youth Arts Center
*

Turner Hall

PUBLIC ART AND MONUMENTS

Main article: List of public art in Milwaukee
List of public art in Milwaukee

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has some 75 sculptures to honor the many people and topics reflecting the city\'s history . Among the more prominent monuments are:

* Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
* Tadeusz Kościuszko * Casimir Pulaski * Solomon Juneau
Solomon Juneau
* Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
* George Washington * Arthur "The Fonz" Fonzarelli * Pope John Paul II * Martin Luther King Jr. * The Victorious Charge
The Victorious Charge
* Leif Ericson
Leif Ericson
* Jacques Marquette
Jacques Marquette
* Goethe-Schiller Monument * Immigrant Mother * Letter Carriers\' Monument , a memorial to the National Association of Letter Carriers

*

Leif Ericson
Leif Ericson
monument *

Tadeusz Kościuszko monument in Kosciuszko Park in Historic Lincoln Village .

CITY OF FESTIVALS

Henry Maier Festival Grounds during Summerfest

While Milwaukee
Milwaukee
had been previously marketed as "A Genuine American City" as well as "A Great Place on a Great Lake ", it has earned the nickname, the " City
City
of Festivals."

The city hosts an annual lakefront music festival called Summerfest . Listed in the 1999 Guinness Book of World Records as the largest music festival in the world, for the last several years Summerfest has attracted around a million visitors each year to its eleven stages featuring over 800 acts. The adjacent city of West Allis has been the site of the Wisconsin
Wisconsin
State Fair for over a century.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
hosts a variety of primarily ethnically themed festivals throughout the summer. Held generally on the lakefront Summerfest grounds , these festivals span several days (typically Friday plus the weekend) and celebrate Milwaukee's history and diversity. Festivals for the LGBT (PrideFest ) and Polish ( Polish Fest ) communities are typically held in June. Summerfest spans 11 days at the end of June and beginning of July. There are French (Bastille Days), Greek , Italian ( Festa Italiana ) and German ( German Fest ) festivals in July. The African , Arab , Irish (Irish Fest ), Mexican , and American Indian events wrap it up from August through September. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is also home to Trainfest , the largest operating model railroad show in America, in November.

CUISINE

Milwaukee's ethnic cuisines include German , Italian , Russian , Hmong , French , Serbian , Polish , Thai , Japanese , Chinese , Mexican , Indian , Korean, Vietnamese, Turkish, Middle Eastern and Ethiopian.

Famous Chef Julia Child visited Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and selected Milwaukee native chef Sanford D'Amato to cook for her 80th birthday. D'Amato, trained in New York City, is the executive chef for Milwaukee's five-star restaurant Sanford, and Coquette Cafe Milwaukee.

Milwaukee County hosts the Zoo-A La Carte at the Milwaukee County Zoo , and various ethnic festivals like Summerfest , German Fest , and Festa Italiana to celebrate various types of cuisine in summer months.

MUSIC

Main article: Music of Milwaukee Aerial view of " Jazz
Jazz
in the Park", Cathedral Square Park

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has a long history of musical activity. The first organized musical society, called " Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Beethoven Society" formed in 1843, three years before the city was incorporated.

The large concentrations of German and other European immigrants contributed to the musical character of the city. Saengerfesten were held regularly.

In the early 20th century, guitar legend Les Paul
Les Paul
and pianist Liberace
Liberace
were some of the area's most famous musicians. Both Paul, born in Waukesha, and Liberace, born in West Allis, launched their internationally recognized careers in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
music venues. Paramount Records
Paramount Records
, primarily a jazz and blues record label, was founded in Grafton , a northern suburb of Milwaukee, in the 1920s and 1930s. Hal Leonard Corporation , founded in 1947 is one of the world's largest music print publishers, and is headquartered in Milwaukee. The Hal Leonard Guitar Method was launched in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
becoming one of the first methods to incorporate popular music. The course today remains the leading guitar method in the world; it has taught millions of people how to play. Today, Hal Leonard represents in print some of the world's best known and most respected artists, such as: Aerosmith, Johnny Cash, Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Billy Joel, Elton John, B.B. King, Nirvana, Tom Petty, Pink Floyd, The Police, Elvis Presley, Queen, Bonnie Raitt, the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Frank Sinatra, Sting, U2, Stevie Ray Vaughan, The Who, Hank Williams, Stevie Wonder, and others. More recently, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has enjoyed a vibrant history of rock , hip hop , jazz , soul , blues , punk , ska , industrial music , electronica , world music , and pop music bands.

Milwaukee's most famous music venue is Summerfest . Summerfest claims to be the world's largest music festival and was founded in Milwaukee in 1968. Live musical acts are offered on 11 stages, for 11 days beginning in late June. On the Summerfest grounds, the largest theater in the city is the Marcus Amphitheater
Marcus Amphitheater
with a 23,000 person capacity.

Venues such as Pabst Theater , Marcus Center
Marcus Center
for Performing Arts, the Helene Zelazo Center for the Performing Arts , Marcus Amphitheater ( Summerfest Grounds ), Riverside Theater , the Northern Lights Theater , and The Rave
The Rave
frequently bring internationally known acts to Milwaukee. ' Jazz
Jazz
in the Park', a weekly jazz show held at downtown Cathedral Square Park , has become a summer tradition; free, public performances with a picnic environment. Nearby Pere Marquette Park hosts "River Rhythms" on Wednesday nights.

The Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area is known for producing national talents such as Steve Miller (rock), Wladziu Valentino Liberace
Liberace
(piano), Al Jarreau (jazz), Eric Benet (neo-soul), Speech (hip hop), Daryl Stuermer (rock), BoDeans
BoDeans
(rock), Les Paul
Les Paul
(jazz), the Violent Femmes (alternative), Coo Coo Cal (rap), Die Kreuzen (punk), Andy Hurley of Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
(punk), Eyes To The Sky (hardcore), Rico Love
Rico Love
(R and Pere Marquette Park .

SPORTS

Main article: Sports in Milwaukee Miller Park , home of the Brewers The BMO Harris Bradley Center
BMO Harris Bradley Center

Currently, Milwaukee's sports teams include:

CLUB SPORT FOUNDED CURRENT LEAGUE STADIUM

Milwaukee Bavarians
Milwaukee Bavarians
Soccer
Soccer
1929 Premier League of America
Premier League of America
Heartland Value Fund Stadium

Milwaukee Bucks Basketball
Basketball
1968 National Basketball
Basketball
Association BMO Harris Bradley Center
BMO Harris Bradley Center

Milwaukee Brewers
Milwaukee Brewers
Baseball
Baseball
1970 National League
National League
(MLB ) Miller Park

Milwaukee Admirals
Milwaukee Admirals
Hockey 1970 American Hockey League UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena (beginning with the 2016–2017 season)

Milwaukee Wave Indoor soccer 1984 Major Arena Soccer
Soccer
League UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Marauders Semi-Pro Football 2005 North American Football League Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Sports Complex

Brewcity Bruisers Roller Derby 2006 WFTDA U.S. Cellular Arena

Green Bay Chill
Green Bay Chill
Arena Football 2011 Legends Football League UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena

Milwaukee Blast (defunct) Basketball
Basketball
2011 American Basketball
Basketball
Association Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Lutheran
Lutheran
College

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Momentum Women\'s football

NWFA

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Bombers Australian football

Mid-American AFL

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Barbarians Rugby Union 2012 USA Rugby Zablocki Park

Though the city currently has no NFL
NFL
team (it supported the Milwaukee Badgers in the 1920s), Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is considered a home market for the Green Bay Packers
Green Bay Packers
. The team split its home schedule between Green Bay and Milwaukee
Milwaukee
from 1933 to 1994, with the majority of the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
games being played at County Stadium . Former season ticketholders for the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
games continue to receive preference for one pre-season and the second and fifth regular season games at Lambeau Field each season, along with playoff games through a lottery under the "Gold Package" plan. The Packers' longtime flagship station is Milwaukee-based WTMJ AM 620 .

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has a rich history of involvement in professional and nonprofessional sports, since the 19th century. Abraham Lincoln watched cricket in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in 1849 when he attended a game between Chicago
Chicago
and Milwaukee. In 1854, the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Cricket Club had 150 members.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was also the host city of the International Cycling Classic , which included the men's and women's Superweek Pro Tour races, featuring top professional and elite amateur cyclists and teams from across the U.S. and more than 20 foreign countries.

PARKS AND RECREATION

Main article: Parks of Milwaukee Panoramic view of Lake Park , c. 1890. Leisure boats on the Milwaukee River Havenwoods State Forest entrance Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory , "The Domes"

Milwaukee County is known for its well-developed Parks of Milwaukee park system. The "Grand Necklace of Parks", designed by Frederick Law Olmsted , designer of New York's Central Park, includes Lake Park , River Park (now Riverside Park), and West Park (now Washington Park). Milwaukee County Parks offer facilities for sunbathing, picnics, grilling, disc golf , and ice skating. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has over 140 parks with over 15,000 acres (6,100 ha) of parks and parkways. In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land , a national land conservation organization, reported Milwaukee
Milwaukee
had the 19th best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. cities.

PARKS AND NATURE CENTERS

The Monarch Trail, on the Milwaukee County Grounds in Wauwatosa, is a 1.25-mile (2 km) trail that highlights the fall migration of the monarch butterflies .

During the summer months, Cathedral Park in Downtown Milwaukee
Milwaukee
hosts " Jazz
Jazz
in the Park" on Thursday nights. Nearby Pere Marquette Park hosts "River Rhythms" on Wednesday nights.

MILWAUKEE COUNTY PUBLIC MARKETS

The Milwaukee Public Market

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Public Market, in the Third Ward neighborhood , is an indoor market that sells produce, seafood, meats, cheeses, vegetables, candies, and flowers from local businesses.

Milwaukee County Farmers Markets, held in season, sell fresh produce, meats, cheeses, jams, jellies, preserves and syrups, and plants. Farmers markets also feature artists and craftspeople. Locations include: Aur Farmers Market, Brown Deer Farmers Market, Cudahy Farmers Market, East Town Farm Market, Enderis Park Farmers Market, Fondy Farmers Market, Mitchell Street Market, Riverwest Farmers Market, Silver Spring Farmers Market, South Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Farmers Market, South Shore Farmers Market, Uptown Farmers Market, Wauwatosa Farmers Market, West Allis Farmers Market, and Westown Market on the Park.

GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

Main article: Government of Milwaukee See also: List of mayors of Milwaukee
Milwaukee

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has a mayor-council form of government. With the election of Mayor
Mayor
John O. Norquist in 1988, the city adopted a cabinet form of government with the mayor appointing those department heads not otherwise elected or appointed—notably the Fire and Police Chiefs. While this gave the mayor greater control of the day-to-day operations of the city, the Common Council retains almost complete control over the city's finances and the mayor, with the exception of his proposed annual budget, cannot directly introduce legislation. The Common Council consists of 15 members, one from each district in the city. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has a history of giving long tenures to its mayors; from Frank Zeidler to current mayor Tom Barrett , the city has had only four mayors in the last 60 years. When 28-year incumbent Henry Maier retired in 1988, he held the record for longest term of service for a city of Milwaukee's size.

In addition to the election of a Mayor
Mayor
and Common Council on the city level, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
residents elect county representatives to the Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors , as well as a Milwaukee
Milwaukee
County Executive. The current County Executive is Chris Abele
Chris Abele
.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has been a Democratic stronghold for more than a century at the federal level. At the local level, Socialists frequently won the mayorship and (for briefer periods) other city and county offices during much of the first sixty years of the 20th century. The city is split between seven state Senate districts, each of which is composed of three Assembly districts. All but four state legislators representing the city are Democrats; the four Republicans —two in the State Assembly and two in the State Senate —represent outer portions of the city that are part of districts dominated by heavily Republican suburban counties. In 2008, Barack Obama
Barack Obama
won Milwaukee
Milwaukee
with 77% of the vote.

Tim Carpenter (D), Lena Taylor (D), Leah Vukmir (R), Nikiya Harris (D), Chris Larson (D), Alberta Darling
Alberta Darling
(R), and Mary Lazich
Mary Lazich
(R) represent Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in the Wisconsin
Wisconsin
State Senate , and Daniel Riemer (D), JoCasta Zamarripa (D), Josh Zepnick (D), David Bowen (D), Mandela Barnes (D), Frederick P. Kessler (D), Rob Hutton (R), Dale P. Kooyenga (R), Leon Young (D), La Tonya Johnson (D), Evan Goyke (D), Jonathan Brostoff (D), Christine Sinicki (D), Janel Brandtjen (R), and Mike Kuglitsch (R) represent Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in the Wisconsin
Wisconsin
State Assembly .

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
makes up the overwhelming majority of Wisconsin\'s 4th congressional district . The district is heavily Democratic. The Democratic primary for the seat is considered more important than the general election. The district is currently represented by Democrat Gwen Moore . A Republican has not represented a significant portion of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
in Congress since Charles J. Kersten lost his seat in the 5th district in 1954 to Democrat Henry S. Reuss .

A Mexican Consulate is also located in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
that serves a total of 65 counties in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan .

CRIME

For several years, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
ranked among the ten most dangerous large cities in the United States. Despite its improvement since then, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
still fares worse when comparing specific crime types to the national average (e.g., homicide, rape, robbery); only aggravated assaults occur less frequently in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
than the national average. The Milwaukee Police Department 's Gang Unit was reactivated in 2004 after Nannette Hegerty was sworn in as chief. In 2006, 4,000 charges were brought against suspects through Milwaukee's Gang Unit. In 2013 there were 105 murders in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and 87 homicides the following year. In 2015, 146 people were killed in the city.

POVERTY

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
currently ranks the second poorest city with over 500,000 residents, only falling behind Detroit. In 2013, a Point-In-Time survey estimated 1,500 people are homeless on Milwaukee's streets each night. The city's homeless and poor are aided by several local nonprofits, including the Milwaukee Rescue Mission .

EDUCATION

Merrill Hall at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
The John P. Raynor, S.J. Library at Marquette University
Marquette University
Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Lutheran
Lutheran
College

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION

Main article: Milwaukee Public Schools

Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS) is the largest school district in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and thirty third in the nation. As of 2007, it had an enrollment of 89,912 students and as of 2006 employed 11,100 full-time and substitute teachers in 323 schools. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Public Schools operate as magnet schools , with individualized specialty areas for interests in academics or the arts. Washington High School , Riverside University High School , Rufus King High School , Ronald Wilson Reagan College Preparatory High School , Samuel Morse Middle School for the Gifted and Talented , Golda Meir School
Golda Meir School
, Milwaukee High School of the Arts , and Lynde ">

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area universities and colleges:

* Alverno College * The Art Institute of Wisconsin * Bryant and Stratton * Cardinal Stritch University
Cardinal Stritch University
* Herzing University
Herzing University
* Marquette University
Marquette University
* Medical College of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
( Wauwatosa ) * Milwaukee Area Technical College
Milwaukee Area Technical College
* Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design * Milwaukee School of Engineering * Mount Mary College * National-Louis University * University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
* Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Lutheran
Lutheran
College

MEDIA

See also: List of television stations in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and List of radio stations in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
The WITI TV Tower
WITI TV Tower
is in Shorewood, off of the Oak Leaf Trail , just north of Capitol Drive .

Milwaukee's daily newspaper is the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel which was formed when the morning paper the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Sentinel merged with the afternoon paper Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Journal. The most prominent alternative weekly is Shepherd Express , a free publication. Other local newspapers, city guides and magazines with large distributions include M Magazine , Milwaukee Magazine , The Bay View Compass, and Riverwest Currents. OnMilwaukee.com is an online magazine providing news and events. The UWM Post is the independent, student-run weekly at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
.

Milwaukee's major network television affiliates are WTMJ 4 ( NBC ), WITI 6 (Fox ), WISN 12 (ABC ), WVTV 18 (CW ), WCGV 24 ( MyNetworkTV ), and WDJT 58 ( CBS
CBS
). Spanish-language programming is on WTSJ 38 ( MundoMax
MundoMax
) and WYTU-LD
WYTU-LD
63 ( Telemundo
Telemundo
). Milwaukee's public broadcasting stations are WMVS 10 and WMVT 36.

Other television stations in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
market include WMKE-CD 7 ( Soul of the South Network ), WVCY 30 (FN ), WBME-CD
WBME-CD
41 ( Me-TV
Me-TV
), WMLW-TV 49 (Independent ), WWRS 52 (TBN ), Sportsman Channel , and WPXE
WPXE
55 (ION )

There are numerous radio stations throughout Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and the surrounding area.

Journal Communications
Journal Communications
(a NYSE -traded corporation), in addition to owning the Journal Sentinel, also owns: WTMJ-TV; WTMJ and WKTI radio stations; and well over a dozen local weekly newspapers in the metropolitan area. As a result, it has been criticized for having a near-monopoly in local news coverage.

The RedLetterMedia company, an online leader in film criticism, parody, and indie films is based in Milwaukee.

INFRASTRUCTURE

HEALTH CARE

Milwaukee's health care industry includes several health systems. The Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Regional Medical Complex, between 8700 and 9200 West Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Avenue, is on the Milwaukee County grounds. This area includes the Children\'s Hospital of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, Froedtert Hospital , BloodCenter of Wisconsin, the Ronald McDonald House
Ronald McDonald House
, Curative Rehabilitation, and the Medical College of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
. Aurora Health Care includes St. Luke\'s Medical Center , Aurora Sinai Medical Center, Aurora West Allis Medical Center, and St. Luke's SouthShore. Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare includes St. Joseph's Hospital, St. Francis Hospital, The Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Heart Hospital, Elmbrook Memorial (Brookfield), and other outpatient clinics in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area. Columbia St. Mary's Hospital is on Milwaukee's lakeshore and has established affiliations with Froedtert Hospital and the Medical College of Wisconsin. The Medical College of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
is one of two medical schools in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and the only one in Milwaukee.

Other health care non-profit organizations in Milwaukee
Milwaukee
include national headquarters of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology and the Endometriosis Association.

TRANSPORTATION

Airports

Timmerman Field

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has two airports, General Mitchell International Airport (KMKE) on the southern edge of the city, and Lawrence J. Timmerman Airport (KMWC), known locally as Timmerman Field, on the north side. Mitchell is served by twelve airlines, which offer roughly 240 daily departures and 245 daily arrivals. Approximately 90 cities are served nonstop or direct from Mitchell International. It is the largest airport in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and the 34th largest in the nation. The airport terminal is open 24 hours a day. Since 2005, Mitchell International Airport has been connected by the Amtrak
Amtrak
Hiawatha train service, which provides airport access via train to Chicago
Chicago
and downtown Milwaukee. Southwest , Frontier Airlines , American Airlines
American Airlines
, United Airlines
United Airlines
, Air Canada
Air Canada
and Delta Air Lines are among the carriers using Milwaukee's General Mitchell International Airport gates. In July 2015, General Mitchell International Airport served 610,271 passengers.

Intercity Rail And Bus

The Milwaukee Intermodal Station
Milwaukee Intermodal Station

Milwaukee's Amtrak
Amtrak
station was renovated in 2007 to create the Milwaukee Intermodal Station
Milwaukee Intermodal Station
near downtown Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and the Third Ward to provide Amtrak
Amtrak
riders access to Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines
, Jefferson Lines and other intercity bus operators. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is served by the Amtrak
Amtrak
Hiawatha express service up to seven times daily between the Milwaukee Intermodal Station
Milwaukee Intermodal Station
and Union Station , including a stop at the Milwaukee Airport Railroad Station , Sturtevant, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, and Glenview, Illinois . The Amtrak
Amtrak
Empire Builder passenger train stops at the Milwaukee Intermodal Station
Milwaukee Intermodal Station
and connects to Chicago
Chicago
and the Pacific Northwest , with stops near Madison , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Dells , and Minneapolis
Minneapolis
.

In 2010, $800 million in federal funds were allocated to the creation of high-speed rail links from Milwaukee
Milwaukee
to Chicago
Chicago
and Madison; but the funds were eventually rejected by newly elected Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Governor Scott Walker . In 2016, WisDOT and IDOT conducted studies to upgrade service on the Amtrak
Amtrak
Hiawatha line from seven to ten times daily between downtown Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and downtown Chicago.

Commuter Transit

The Badger Bus
Badger Bus
station in downtown Milwaukee
Milwaukee
provides bus service between Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and Madison, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
. The Milwaukee
Milwaukee
County Transit System provides bus services within Milwaukee
Milwaukee
County. The renovated Milwaukee Intermodal Station
Milwaukee Intermodal Station
provides Jefferson Lines intercity bus riders access to Amtrak
Amtrak
and Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines
.

A tram system known as the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Connector was proposed and passed by the Common Council, but Mayor
Mayor
Tom Barrett vetoed the bill because of problems of cost and availability. A modern streetcar system, the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Streetcar
Streetcar
, is now being constructed to connect the Milwaukee Intermodal Station
Milwaukee Intermodal Station
, downtown Milwaukee, and Ogden Avenue, at a projected cost of$122 million. The line is expected to open in mid-2018.

A 0.5% sales tax was proposed for the counties of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
, Racine , and Kenosha by the Southeast Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Regional Transit Authority to fund the KRM (Kenosha-Racine-Milwaukee) Commuter Rail project serving those cities as well as several other stops on the route. A connection to Metra
Metra
commuter rail in Kenosha was planned with some trains continuing to Chicago
Chicago
. In Milwaukee, the line was to terminate at the Milwaukee Intermodal Station
Milwaukee Intermodal Station
. In June 2011, authorizing legislation for regional transit authorities in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
was repealed, leading to the dissolution of the Southeastern Regional Transit Authority, which was leading the commuter rail planning in southeastern Wisconsin. The project is currently on indefinite hold.

Freeways

The Hoan Bridge
Hoan Bridge

Three of Wisconsin's Interstate highways intersect in Milwaukee. Interstate 94 (I-94) comes north from Chicago
Chicago
to enter Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and continues west to Madison . I-43 enters Milwaukee
Milwaukee
from the southwest and continues north along Lake Michigan to Green Bay . Approved in 2015, Interstate 41 follows I-94 north from the state line before turning west and north to head to Green Bay . Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has two auxiliary Interstate Highways, I-894 and I-794 . I-894 extends from the western suburbs to the southern suburbs, bypassing downtown. I-794 extends east from the Marquette Interchange
Marquette Interchange
to Lake Michigan before turning south over the Hoan Bridge
Hoan Bridge
toward the airport , turning into Highway 794 along the way. Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is also served by three US Highways . U.S. Highway 18 (US 18) provides a link from downtown to points west. US 41 and US 45 both provide north–south freeway transportation on the western side of the city.

In 2010, the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
area was ranked the 4th best city for commuters by Forbes .

Water

The Lake Express
Lake Express
Terminal

Milwaukee's main port, Port of Milwaukee , handled 2.4 million metric tons of cargo through its municipal port in 2014. Steel
Steel
and salt are handled at the port.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
connects with Muskegon, Michigan
Muskegon, Michigan
through the Lake Express high-speed auto and passenger ferry . The Lake Express
Lake Express
travels across Lake Michigan from late spring to the fall of each year.

Bicycle

The Oak Leaf Trail on the East Side

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has over 105 miles (169 km) of bicycle lanes and trails, most of which run alongside or near its rivers and Lake Michigan . The Oak Leaf Trail , a multi-use recreational trail, provides bicycle trails throughout the city and county. Still pending are the creation of bicycle lanes along major commuting routes, such as the Hoan Bridge connector between downtown and the suburbs to the south. The city has also identified over 250 miles (400 km) of streets on which bike lanes will fit. It has created a plan labeling 145 miles (233 km) of those as high priority for receiving bike lanes. As part of the city's Bicycle and Pedestrian Task Force's mission to "make Milwaukee
Milwaukee
more bicycle and pedestrian friendly", over 700 bike racks have been installed throughout the city. The Bicycle Federation of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
holds an annual Bike to Work Week. The event, held in May each year, has frequently featured a commuter race between a car, a bus, and a bike; and also a morning ride into work with the mayor. In 2006, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
obtained bronze-level status from the League of American Bicyclists, a rarity for a city its size.

In 2009, the Milwaukee County Transit System began installing bicycle racks to the front of county buses. This "green " effort was part of a settlement of an asbestos lawsuit leveled by the state at the county in 2006. The lawsuit cites the release of asbestos into the environment when the Courthouse Annex was demolished.

In August 2014, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
debuted a bicycle sharing system called Bublr Bikes , which is a partnership between the City
City
of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and a local non-profit Midwest Bike Share (dba Bublr Bikes). As of September 2016, the system operates 39 stations throughout downtown, the East Side, and the UW- Milwaukee
Milwaukee
campus area and near downtown neighborhoods. The City
City
of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
is scheduled to install another 10 Bublr Bikes stations in October 2016, and the adjacent suburb of Wauwatosa installed 8 stations in September 2016, which will bring the system size to 58 stations by the end of 2016. More stations are scheduled for installation in the Village of Shorewood and the City
City
of West Allis in 2017. Future system expansion in the City
City
of Milwaukee is also expected as the City
City
was awarded a second federal Congestion Mitigation/Air Quality (CMAQ) program grant ($1.9 million) to add more stations starting in 2018.

CITY DEVELOPMENT

On February 10, 2015, a streetcar connecting the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Intermodal Station with the city's lower east side was approved by the Common Council, bringing if not to a halt then at least to a pause, decades of sometimes acrimonious debate. On a 9–6 vote, the council approved a measure that established the project's $124 million capital budget, its estimated $3.2 million operating and maintenance budget and its 2.5-mile route, which includes a lakefront spur connecting the line to the proposed $122 million, 44-story Couture. Construction on the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Streetcar
Streetcar
will start March 2017, with initial operation by mid-2018. The Lakefront service is expected to start operation by 2019.

On September 25, 2013, Northwestern Mutual
Northwestern Mutual
unveiled its design of a new office tower to replace their existing 16 story east tower. The building, dubbed "The Northwestern Mutual
Northwestern Mutual
Tower and Commons", would stand 550 feet tall and have 32 stories, making it the second tallest building in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. This along with the Couture 44-story tower would forever alter the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Skyline.

A new multipurpose stadium between N. Fourth Street and N. Sixth Street from W. Highland Ave. to W. Juneau Ave., has been planned to accommodate the Milwaukee Bucks . Construction began in November 2015. According to Bucks officials it should open for the 2017–2018 season. The arena is intended to be the focal point of a "live block" zone that includes public space surrounded by both commercial and residential development. Initial renderings of the arena show a transparent facade and a curved roof and side meant to evoke the water forms of nearby Lake Michigan and the Milwaukee River .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Wisconsin

SISTER CITIES

As of 2015, Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has seven sister cities and two friendship cities around the world:

* Carora , Venezuela * Galway
Galway
, Republic of Ireland * Morogoro , Tanzania * uMhlathuze , South Africa * Medan
Medan
, Indonesia * Zadar
Zadar
, Croatia * Bomet
Bomet
, Kenya * Białystok
Białystok
, Poland

FRIENDSHIP CITIES

* Ningbo , China

Officials from Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and Ningbo have signed an agreement to promote business and cultural ties between the two cities and their respective nations.

* Kanpur , India

Officials from Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and Kanpur have agreed to establish a sister city relationship as a part of educational and industrial exchange between both cities.

IN POPULAR CULTURE

* "What\'s Made Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Famous (Has Made a Loser Out of Me) ", a 1968 song written by Glenn Sutton, specifically references the slogan of Schlitz beer, "The beer that made Milwaukee
Milwaukee
famous." * Country music song, "Milwaukee, Here I Come" as recorded by many, including Dolly Parton and Porter Wagoner
Porter Wagoner
(on their 1969 album, Always, Always ), George Jones and Brenda Carter (but often performed with Tammy Wynette ), Melba Montgomery
Melba Montgomery
and John Prine
John Prine
, and many others. * Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was the setting for two American television shows in the 1970s and 1980s: Happy Days and Laverne and Shirley . The city of Milwaukee
Milwaukee
unveiled a life-sized, bronze statue of Fonzie from Happy Days along the downtown Riverwalk on August 19, 2008 to mixed reaction. * The comic book superheroes Great Lakes Avengers keep their base of operations in Milwaukee. * Milwaukee
Milwaukee
appears as a setting under the name Millhaven, Illinois in the later works of Milwaukeean Peter Straub * Danny Gokey
Danny Gokey
, from Milwaukee, was the third-place finalist during the eighth season (2009) of American Idol
American Idol
. * Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was one of the audition cities for the 2010–2011 American Idol
American Idol
auditions. The winner of this season, Scotty McCreery
Scotty McCreery
, and finalist Naima Adedapo, a Milwaukee
Milwaukee
native, were also discovered during this audition.

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
has appeared (or has been depicted) in scenes from a variety of feature films , including:

* Gaily, Gaily (1969) * The Hindenburg (1975) * The Blues
Blues
Brothers (1980) * Major League (1989) * Medusa: Dare to be Truthful (1991) – Milwaukee
Milwaukee
was Medusa's hometown, movie actually filmed in Los Angeles. * Wayne\'s World (1992) – in which the characters parodied the opening of Laverne and Shirley. * Camp Nowhere (1994) * Hoop Dreams (1994) * One Night Stand (1997) * My Best Friend\'s Wedding (1997) * BASEketball (1998) * The Big One (1998) * Dogma (1999) * American Movie
American Movie
(1999) * Modus Operandi (1999) * Chump Change (2001) * Love Actually (2003) * Milwaukee, Minnesota (2003) * " Bad Santa " (2003) * Mr. 3000
Mr. 3000
(2004) * Dawn of the Dead (2004) – set in Milwaukee, actual filming was done in Ontario * 5000 Miles (2006) * Chasing Sound: Les Paul
Les Paul
at 90 (2007) * Michael Clayton (2007) * Crossed (2008) * Public Enemies (2009) * No God No Master
No God No Master
(2010 film) * Bridesmaids (2011) * Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011)

SEE ALSO

* Geography portal * North America portal * United States
United States
portal * Wisconsin
Wisconsin
portal

* 1947 Wisconsin
Wisconsin
earthquake * Excalibur (automobile)
Excalibur (automobile)
* Flag of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
* Great Lakes Megalopolis * List of tallest buildings in Milwaukee * Milwaukee Flood of 2010 * National Register of Historic Places listings in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
* Neighborhoods of Milwaukee * Parks of Milwaukee * Seal of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
* Third Coast * Candy Raisins * Milwaukee Fire Department

NOTES

* ^ Records kept January 1871 to February 1941 at the Weather Bureau Office and at General Mitchell Int'l since March 1941. For more information, see Threadex

REFERENCES

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United States
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FURTHER READING

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* Eric Fure-Slocum, Contesting the Postwar City: Working-Class and Growth Politics in 1940s Milwaukee. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

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