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The British Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
was part of the Royal Navy. The Fleet was one of the most prestigious commands in the navy for the majority of its history, defending the vital sea link between the United Kingdom and the majority of the British Empire
British Empire
in the Eastern Hemisphere. The first Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
for the Mediterranean Fleet may have been named as early as 1665 and the Fleet was in existence until 1967.

Contents

1 Pre-Second World War 2 Second World War 3 Post war 4 Commanders-in-chief of the Mediterranean Fleet 5 Notes 6 Further reading

Pre-Second World War[edit]

Admiralty
Admiralty
House in Valletta, Malta, official residence of the Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
from 1821 to 1961

The Royal Navy
Royal Navy
gained a foothold in the Mediterranean Sea when Gibraltar
Gibraltar
was captured by the British in 1704 during the War of Spanish Succession, and formally allocated to Britain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht.[1] Though the British had maintained a naval presence in the Mediterranean before, the capture of Gibraltar
Gibraltar
allowed the British to establish their first naval base there. The British also used Port Mahon, on the island of Menorca, as a naval base. However, British control there was only temporary; Menorca
Menorca
changed hands numerous times, and was permanently ceded to Spain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens.[2] In 1800, the British took Malta, which was to be handed over to the Knights of Malta
Malta
under the Treaty of Amiens. When the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
resumed in 1803, the British kept Malta
Malta
for use as a naval base. Following Napoleon's defeat, the British continued their presence in Malta, and turned it into the main base for the Mediterranean Fleet. Between the 1860s and 1900s, the British undertook a number of projects to improve the harbours and dockyard facilities, and Malta's harbours were sufficient to allow the entire fleet to be safely moored there.[3][4] In the last decade of the nineteenth century, the Mediterranean Fleet was the largest single squadron of the Royal Navy, with 10 first-class battleships—double the number in the Channel Fleet—and a large number of smaller warships.[5] On 22 June 1893, the bulk of the fleet, eight battleships and three large cruisers, were conducting their annual summer exercises off Tripoli, Lebanon, when the fleet's flagship, the battleship HMS Victoria, collided with the battleship HMS Camperdown. Victoria sank within fifteen minutes, taking 358 crew with her. Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon, commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, was among the dead.[6] Of the three original Invincible-class battlecruisers which entered service in the first half of 1908, two (Inflexible and Indomitable) joined the Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
in 1914. They and Indefatigable formed the nucleus of the fleet at the start of the First World War when British forces pursued the German ships Goeben and Breslau.[7] A recently modernised Warspite became the flagship of the Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
and Second-in-Command, Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
in 1926.[8] Second World War[edit] Main article: Battle of the Mediterranean Malta, as part of the British Empire
British Empire
from 1814, was a shipping station and was the headquarters for the Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
until the mid-1930s. Due to the perceived threat of air-attack from the Italian mainland, the fleet was moved to Alexandria, Egypt
Egypt
shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War.[9] Sir Andrew Cunningham took command of the fleet from Warspite on 3 September 1939, and under him the major formations of the Fleet were the 1st Battle Squadron (Warspite, Barham, and Malaya) 1st Cruiser Squadron (Devonshire, Shropshire, and Sussex), 3rd Cruiser
Cruiser
Squadron (Arethusa, Penelope, Galatea), Rear Admiral John Tovey, with the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Destroyer Flotillas, and the aircraft carrier Glorious.[10] In 1940, the Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
carried out a successful aircraft carrier attack on the Italian Fleet at Taranto by air. Other major actions included the Battle of Cape Matapan
Battle of Cape Matapan
and the Battle of Crete. The Fleet had to block Italian and later German reinforcements and supplies for the North African Campaign.[11] Post war[edit] In October 1946, Saumarez hit a mine in the Corfu Channel, starting a series of events known as the Corfu Channel Incident. The channel was cleared in "Operation Recoil" the next month, involving 11 minesweepers under the guidance of Ocean, two cruisers, three destroyers, and three frigates.[12]:154 In May 1948, Sir Arthur Power
Arthur Power
took over as Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean, and in his first act arranged a show of force to discourage the crossing of Jewish refugees into Palestine. When later that year Britain pulled out of the British Mandate of Palestine, Ocean, four destroyers, and two frigates escorted the departing High Commissioner, aboard the cruiser Euryalus. The force stayed to cover the evacuation of British troops into the Haifa
Haifa
enclave and south via Gaza.[13] From 1952 to 1967, the post of Commander in Chief
Commander in Chief
Mediterranean Fleet was given a dual-hatted role as NATO
NATO
Commander in Chief
Commander in Chief
of Allied Forces Mediterranean in charge of all forces assigned to NATO
NATO
in the Mediterranean Area. The British made strong representations within NATO
NATO
in discussions regarding the development of the Mediterranean NATO
NATO
command structure, wishing to retain their direction of NATO naval command in the Mediterranean to protect their sea lines of communication running through the Mediterranean to the Middle East and Far East.[14] When a NATO
NATO
naval commander, Admiral Robert B. Carney, C-in-C Allied Forces Southern Europe, was appointed, relations with the incumbent British C-in-C, Admiral Sir John Edelsten, were frosty. Edlesten, on making an apparently friendly offer of the use of communications facilities to Carney, who initially lacked secure communications facilities, was met with "I'm not about to play Faust to your Mephistopheles
Mephistopheles
through the medium of communications!"[14]:261 In 1956, ships of the fleet, together with the French Navy, took part in the Suez War against Egypt.[15] From 1957 to 1959, Rear Admiral Charles Madden held the post of Flag Officer Malta, with responsibilities for three squadrons of minesweepers, an amphibious warfare squadron, and a flotilla of submarines stationed at the bases around Valletta
Valletta
Harbour. In this capacity, he had to employ considerable diplomatic skill to maintain good relations with Dom Mintoff, the nationalistic prime minister of Malta.[16] In the 1960s, as the importance of maintaining the link between the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and British territories and commitments East of Suez decreased as the Empire dismantled, and the focus of Cold War
Cold War
naval responsibilities moved to the North Atlantic, the Mediterranean Fleet was gradually drawn down, finally disbanding in June 1967. Eric Grove, in Vanguard to Trident, details how by the mid-1960s the permanent strength of the Fleet was "reduced to a single small escort squadron [appears to have been 30th Escort Squadron with HMS Brighton, HMS Cassandra, HMS Aisne plus another ship] and a coastal minesweeper squadron."[12]:297 Deployments to the Beira Patrol and elsewhere reduced the escort total in 1966 from four to two ships, and then to no frigates at all. The Fleet's assets and area of responsibility were given to the new Western Fleet. As a result of this change, the UK relinquished the NATO
NATO
post of Commander in Chief Mediterranean, which was disbanded.[17] Commanders-in-chief of the Mediterranean Fleet[edit]

Commanders-in-chief on the Mediterranean Station
Mediterranean Station
1792–1883

Commanders-in-chief on the Mediterranean Station, 1886–1957

The first Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
for the Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
may have been named as early as 1665.[18] Commanders-in-chief have included:[19][20]

Commander-in-chief From To Flagship Note

Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Saunders January 1757 May 1757

Vice-Admiral Henry Osborn[21] May 1757 April 1760

Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Saunders April 1760 1763

Vice-Admiral Augustus Hervey 1763 ?

Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Spry 1766 1769

Vice-Admiral Lord Howe[22] 1770 1774

Vice-Admiral Robert Man[23] 1774 1778

Vice-Admiral Robert Duff[23] 1778 1780

Vacant[23] 1780 1783

Vice-Admiral Sir John Lindsay 1783 1784

Vice-Admiral Phillips Cosby 1785 1789

Rear-Admiral Joseph Peyton 1789 1792

Rear-Admiral Samuel Granston Goodall 1792 1793

Vice-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood February 1793 October 1794

Vice-Admiral Lord Hotham October 1794 November 1795

Vice-Admiral Lord Jervis 1796 1799

Vice-Admiral Lord Keith November 1799 1802

Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson [19][24] May 1803 January 1805

Died after Battle of Trafalgar

Vice-Admiral Lord Collingwood 1805 1810

Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Cotton[25] 1810 1811

Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Pellew 1811 1814

Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Penrose 1814 1815

Vice-Admiral Lord Exmouth 1815 1816

Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Penrose 1816 1818

Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Fremantle[26] 1818 1820

Vice-Admiral Sir Graham Moore 1820 1823

Vice-Admiral Sir Harry Burrard-Neale 1823 1826

Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Codrington 1826 1828

Vice-Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm 1828 1831

Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Hotham[19][24] 30 March 1831 19 April 1833

Died 19 April 1833

Vice-Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm 3 May 1833 18 December 1833

Vice-Admiral Sir Josias Rowley 18 December 1833 9 February 1837

Admiral Sir Robert Stopford 9 February 1837 14 October 1841

Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Owen 14 October 1841 27 February 1845

Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker 27 February 1845 13 July 1846

Parker was briefly First Naval Lord in July 1846 but requested permission to return to the Mediterranean on ground of his health.[27]

Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker 24 July 1846 17 January 1852

Rear-Admiral Sir James Dundas 17 January 1852 1854

Vice-Adm. 17 December 1852

Rear-Admiral Sir Edmund Lyons 1854 22 February 1858

Vice-Adm. 19 March 1857

Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur Fanshawe 22 February 1858 19 April 1860 Marlborough [28]

Vice-Admiral Sir William Martin 19 April 1860 20 April 1863 Marlborough [29]

Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Smart 20 April 1863 28 April 1866 Marlborough[30] then Victoria [31]

Vice-Admiral Lord Clarence Paget 28 April 1866 28 April 1869 Victoria then Caledonia[32]

Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Milne 28 April 1869 25 October 1870 Lord Warden [33] Adm. 1 April 1870

Vice-Admiral Sir Hastings Yelverton 25 October 1870 13 January 1874 Lord Warden [34]

Vice-Admiral Sir James Drummond 13 January 1874 15 January 1877 Lord Warden then Hercules [35]

Vice-Admiral Sir Geoffrey Hornby 5 January 1877 5 February 1880 Alexandra [36] Adm. 15 June 1879

Vice-Admiral Sir Beauchamp Seymour 5 February 1880 7 February 1883 Inconstant and Alexandra[37] Adm. 6 May 1882

Vice-Admiral Lord John Hay 7 February 1883 5 February 1886 Alexandra[38] Adm. 8 July 1884

Vice-Admiral H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh 5 February 1886 11 March 1889 Alexandra[39]:222 Adm. 18 October 1887

Vice-Admiral Sir Anthony Hoskins 11 March 1889 20 August 1891 Alexandra Mar 89 – Dec 89 Camperdown Dec 89 – May 90 Victoria May 90 onwards[39]:222, 320, 336 Adm. 20 June 1891

Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon 20 August 1891 22 June 1893 Victoria[40] Died in commission; lost in Victoria

Admiral Sir Michael Culme-Seymour 29 June 1893 10 November 1896 Ramillies[39]:362

Admiral Sir John Hopkins 10 November 1896 1 July 1899 Ramillies[41]>

Admiral Sir John Fisher 1 July 1899 4 June 1902[42] Renown

Admiral Sir Compton Domvile[43] 4 June 1902 June 1905 Bulwark[41]

Admiral Lord Charles Beresford
Lord Charles Beresford
[44][45][46] appointed 1 May 1905 assumed command 6 June 1905 February 1907 Bulwark

Admiral Sir Charles Drury[47] appointed 5 March 1907 assumed command 27 March 1907 1908 Queen

Admiral Sir Assheton Curzon-Howe [48][49] appointed 20 November 1908 assumed command 20 November 1908 1910 Exmouth

Admiral Sir Edmund Poë [49][50] appointed 30 April 1910 assumed command 30 April 1910 November 1912 Exmouth[41]

Admiral Sir Berkley Milne [51][52]:287, 289, 422[53] appointed 1 June 1912 assumed command 12 June 1912 27 August 1914 Inflexible

During World War I
World War I
plans were put in place to separate the Mediterranean into specific areas of responsibility. The British were charged with responsibility for Gibraltar, Malta, Egyptian coast, and Aegean in August 1917 Vice Admiral Somerset Gough-Calthorpe
Somerset Gough-Calthorpe
became CinC, MF commanding all British forces in the Mediterranean. Overall allied command would remain under the control of the Allied Commander in Chief, who was the head of the French Navy. Vice-Admiral Somerset Gough-Calthorpe was also responsible for coordinating other allied forces in Mediterranean. British forces were divided into a number of sub-commands namely Gibraltar, Malta, the British Adriatic Squadron, the British Aegean Squadron, the Egyptian and Red Sea Division and the Black Sea and Marmora Force. [54] Post titles have been put in bold in the notes column.

Admiral Sir Somerset Gough-Calthorpe[52]:323[55]:80[56][57] 26 August 1917 25 July 1919 Superb Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
Mediterranean

Vice Admiral Sir John de Robeck[55]:85 & 94[58] 26 July 1919 14 May 1922 Iron Duke

Vice Admiral Sir Osmond Brock[55]:92[59] 15 May 1922 7 June 1925 Iron Duke Admiral 31 July 1924

Admiral Sir Roger Keyes[60] 8 June 1925 7 June 1928 Warspite

Admiral Sir Frederick Field 8 June 1928 28 May 1930 Queen Elizabeth[55]:121

Admiral Sir Ernle Chatfield[61] 27 May 1930 31 October 1932 Queen Elizabeth[55]

Admiral Sir William Fisher [62][55][63][64] 31 October 1932 19 March 1936 Resolution later Queen Elizabeth[55]:121 & 123

Admiral Sir Dudley Pound[55]:140 [63][65] 20 March 1936 31 May 1939 Queen Elizabeth[41]

During World War II, the Mediterranean Station
Mediterranean Station
was split between commands some of the time. Post titles in the notes column.

Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham [65][66][67] 1 June 1939 6 June 1939 assumed command March 1942 Warspite August 1939 HMS St Angelo
HMS St Angelo
(base, Malta) April 1940 Warspite February 1941 Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet. Vice-Admiral Cunningham was given acting rank of Admiral on 1 June 1930, and promoted to Admiral on 3 January 1941.

Admiral Sir Henry Harwood
Henry Harwood
[67][68] 22 April 1942 February 1943 Warspite HMS Nile (base, Alexandria) Aug 1942 Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet. Vice-Admiral Harwood was given acting rank of Admiral.

Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham [65][66][67] 1 November 1942 20 February 1943 HMS Hannibal (base, Algiers) Naval Commander Expeditionary Force (NCXF) North Africa and Mediterranean

In the first half of 1943 the Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
Command was split into a command of ships and a command of ports & naval bases: Mediterranean Fleet: C-in-C Med Fleet, 15th Cruiser
Cruiser
Squadron, Cdre. (D) Levant: C-in-C Levant, Alexandria, Malta, Port Said, Haifa, Bizerta, Tripoli, Mersa Matruh, Benghazi, Aden, Bone, Bougie, Philippeville Levant was renamed Eastern Mediterranean in late December 1943.[67]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Andrew Cunningham [65][66][67] 20 February 1943 15 October 1943 HMS Hannibal (base, Algiers/Taranto) Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet.

Admiral Sir John Cunningham [66][67] 15 October 1943 February 1946 HMS Hannibal (base, Algiers/Taranto) Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Station
Mediterranean Station
& Allied Naval Commander Mediterranean

Admiral Sir John Cunningham [66][67] 5 June 1943 August 1943 HMS Nile (base, Alexandria) Commander-in-Chief, Levant.

Vice Admiral Sir Algernon Willis
Algernon Willis
[67] temporary 14 October 1943 December 1943 HMS Nile (base, Alexandria) Commander-in-Chief, Levant.

Vice Admiral Sir Bernard Rawlings [67] 28 December 1943 June 1944 HMS Nile (base, Alexandria) April 1944 Flag Officer, Eastern Mediterranean. From 8 June 1944 Sir H. Bernard Rawlings

Admiral Sir Algernon Willis[69] 1946 1948 HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)[41]

Admiral Sir Arthur Power 1948 1950 HMS St Angelo
HMS St Angelo
(base, Malta)[41] Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean

Admiral Sir John Edelsten 1950 1952 HMS St Angelo
HMS St Angelo
(base, Malta)[41] Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean

Admiral Earl Mountbatten of Burma 1952 1954 HMS St Angelo
HMS St Angelo
(base, Malta)[41] Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean

Admiral Sir Guy Grantham[70] 10 Dec 1954 10 Apr 57 HMS St Angelo
HMS St Angelo
(base, Malta)[41]

Vice Admiral Sir Ralph Edwards 10 Apr 57 11 Nov 58 HMS St Angelo
HMS St Angelo
(base, Malta)[41]

Admiral Sir Charles Lambe 11 Nov 58 2 Feb 59 HMS Phoenicia (base, Malta)[41]

Admiral Sir Alexander Bingley 2 Feb 59 30 Jun 61 HMS Phoenicia (base, Malta)[41]

Admiral Sir Deric Holland-Martin 30 Jun 61 1 Feb 64 HMS Phoenicia (base, Malta)[41]

Admiral Sir John Hamilton[12]:297 1 Feb 1964 5 June 1967 HMS St Angelo
HMS St Angelo
(base, Malta)[41]

Notes[edit]

^ " Gibraltar
Gibraltar
and other empire leftovers". BBC. Retrieved 18 April 2014.  ^ "Minorca: Brief History". British Empire. Retrieved 18 April 2014.  ^ "Indexes of men in the Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
1881". Malta
Malta
Family History.  ^ "Malta". Sea Your History.  ^ "Commissioned ships of the Royal Navy". Sunlight Almanac. 1895.  ^ "Terrible Naval Disaster". The Argus. Trove. 24 June 1893.  ^ Roberts, John (1999). Battlecruisers. Annapolis, MD.: Naval Institute Press. p. 122. ISBN 1-55750-068-1.  ^ Ballantyne, Iain (2013). Warspite, From Jutland Hero to Cold War Warrior. Barnsley, UK: Pen & Sword Maritime. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-84884-350-9.  ^ "The Fleet at Alexandria". British Pathe. Retrieved 18 April 2014.  ^ Niehorster, Leo. "Mediterranean Fleet, 3 September 1939". World War II Armed Forces.  ^ "British Navy in the Mediterranean". Naval-History.net. Retrieved 18 April 2014.  ^ a b c Grove, Eric J. (1987). Vanguard to Trident: British Naval Policy since World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0870215520.  ^ "Evacuation Of Troops From Haifa
Haifa
AKA Evacuation". British Pathe. Retrieved 18 April 2014.  ^ a b Maloney, Sean (1991). To Secure Command of the Sea (Thesis). University of New Brunswick. pp. 258–261.  ^ Coles, Michael H. (Autumn 2006). "Suez, 1956: A Successful Naval Operation Compromised by Inept Political Leadership". Naval War College Review. 59 (4). Retrieved 18 April 2014.  ^ van der Vat, Dan (4 May 2001). "Obituary: Admiral Sir Charles Madden". The Guardian.  ^ " Royal Navy
Royal Navy
(Command System)". Hansard. 5 June 1967. Retrieved 18 April 2014.  ^ "Other Data". Naval Biographical Database.  ^ a b c Davis, Peter. "Principal Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Commanders-in-Chief 1830–1899". William Loney RN.  ^ Whitaker's Almanacks 1900 – 1967 ^ "Osborn, Henry". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20878.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ "Howe, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13963.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ a b c "Mediterranean Fleet". More than Nelson. Retrieved 20 November 2016.  ^ a b Hotham family tree ^ "Cotton, Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6411.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ "Fremantle, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/10159.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ "Parker, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21348.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Arthur Fanshawe R.N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of William Fanshawe Martin R.N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Mid-Victorian RN Vessel HMS Marlborough". William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Robert Smart R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Lord Clarence Edward Paget R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Alexander Milne R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Hastings Reginald Yelverton R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of James Robert Drummond R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Geoffrey Thomas Phipps Hornby R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Frederick Beachamp Paget Seymour R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Lord John Hay R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ a b c Parkes, Oscar (1990). British Battleships: "Warrior" to "Vanguard", 1860-1950. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-075-4.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of George Tryon
George Tryon
R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Pack, S. W. C. (1971). Sea Power in the Mediterranean: A study from the struggle for sea power in the Mediterranean from the seventeenth century to the present day. London: Arthur Barker. p. 232. ISBN 0-213-00394-5.  ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36781). London. 30 May 1902. p. 10.  ^ Davis, Peter. "Biography of Compton Edward Domville [sic] R. N." William Loney RN.  ^ Navy List July Dec 1906 ^ Bennett, Geoffrey (1968). Charlie B, a Biography of Admiral Lord Beresford of Metemmeh and Curraghmore GCB GCVO LLD DCL. Peter Dawnay. pp. 267 & 282.  ^ Beresford, Lord Charles (1914). The Memoirs of Admiral Lord Charles Beresford. Methuen. p. 508.  ^ Navy List July 1908 ^ Navy List Jan 1909 ^ a b "The Papers of Reginald McKenna". Janus.  ^ Navy List Jan 1911 ^ Navy List Feb 1913 ^ a b Miller, Geoffrey (1996). Superior Force: The conspiracy behind the escape of Goeben and Breslau. Hull. ISBN 0-85958-635-9.  ^ "Who's Who: Sir Berkeley Milne". First World War.com.  ^ Watson, Dr Graham. " Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 27 October 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2018.  ^ a b c d e f g h James, Admiral Sir William (1943). Admiral Sir William Fisher. Macmillan.  ^ " Somerset Gough-Calthorpe
Somerset Gough-Calthorpe
career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945.  ^ "RN World War I
World War I
Flag Officers". gwpda.org.  ^ " John de Robeck
John de Robeck
career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945.  ^ "Osmond de Beauvoir Brock career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945.  ^ "Roger Keyes career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945.  ^ "Ernle Chatfield career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.  ^ "Papers of Admiral Fisher". Janus.  ^ a b " Dudley Pound
Dudley Pound
career history". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.  ^ "Admiral Sir William Fisher career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945.  ^ a b c d "Andrew Cunningham career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.  ^ a b c d e World War II RN Officers C ^ a b c d e f g h i Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Mediterranean Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet
+ Levant/Eastern Mediterranean ^ "Sir Henry Harwood
Henry Harwood
Harwood career". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904-1945.  ^ "Papers of Admiral Sir Algernon U. Willis". Janus.  ^ List from 1954 to 1964 from list at AFNORTH article

Further reading[edit]

S.W.C. Pack Sea Power in the Mediterranean – has a complete list of fleet commanders Halpern, Paul, ed. (2011). The Mediterranean Fleet, 1919–1929. Publications of the Navy Records Society. 158. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate for the Navy Records Society. ISBN 978-1-409427-56-8. 

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Underwater Weapons Establishment Architectural and Engineering Works Department Air Equipment and Naval Photography Department Air Department Air Materiel Department Air Personnel Department Amphibious Warfare Headquarters Armament Supply Department Board of Invention and Research Board of Longitude Boom Defence Department Boom Defence and Marine Salvage Department Britannia Royal Naval College Chemical Board Chemical Department Civil Catering Department Civil Engineer in Chiefs Department Coastguard and Reserves Branch Combined Operations Headquarters Commissioner for Property and Income-tax for the Naval Department Compass Department Contract and Purchase Department Council of Naval Education Dental Examining Board Department of Radio Equipment Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy Department of Aeronautical and Engineering Research Department of Miscellaneous Weapons Development Department of Naval Assistant (Foreign) to Second Sea Lord Department of Naval Education Operational Research Department of Personal Services and Officer Appointments Department of Physical Research Department of Physical Training & Sports Department of Radio Equipment Department of Research Programmes and Planning Department of Superintendent of de-magnetisation Department of the Admiral of the Training Service Department of the Chief Inspector of Naval Ordnance Department of the Chief of Naval Information Department of the Chief Scientist Department of the Civil Engineer-in-Chief Department of the Comptroller of Steam Machinery Department of the Comptroller for Victualling and Transport Services Department of the Controller of the Navy Department of the Controller-General of Merchant Shipbuilding Department of the Controller for Navy Pay Department of the Deputy Controller for Auxiliary Shipbuilding Department of the Deputy Controller for Dockyards and Shipbuilding Department of the Director Contract-Built Ships Department of the Director-General Aircraft Department of the Director-General of Manpower Department of the Director-General, Supply and Secretariat Branch Department of the Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair Department of the Director of Contract Labour Department of the Director of Dockyards Department of the Director of Electrical Engineering Department of the Director of Manning Department of the Director of Merchant Shipbuilding Department of the Director of Merchant Shipbuilding and Repairs Department of the Director of Merchant Ship Repairs Department of the Director of Naval Construction Department of the Director of Naval Equipment Department of the Director of Naval Recruiting Department of the Director of Naval Weather Service Department of the Director of Personal Services Department of the Director of Physical Training and Sports Department of the Director of Torpedoes and Mining Department of the Director of Transports Department of the Director of Underwater Weapons Department of the Director of Unexploded Bombs Department of the Director of Warship Production Department of the Director of Welfare and Service Conditions Department of the Director of Wreck Dispersal Department of the Flag Officer Sea Training Department of the Engineer in Chief Department of the Paymaster Director-General Department of the Inspector of Anti-Aircraft Weapons Department of the Inspector of Dockyard Expense Accounts Department of the Inspector-General of Naval Hospitals and Fleets Department of the Medical Director-General of the Navy Department of the Physician of the Navy Department of the Physician General of the Navy Department of the Storekeeper-General of the Navy Department of the Surveyor of Buildings Department of the Surveyor of Dockyards Dockyards and Fleet Maintenance Department Dockyards Branch Dockyard Expense Accounts Department Dockyard Schools Electrical Engineering Department Engineer Branch Engineering Department Experimental Department Fire Control Group Greenwich Hospital Department Inspector of Telegraphs Inspector of Repairs Medical Consultative Board Medical Examining Board Historical Section Hydrographic Department Marine Pay Office Materials and Priority Department Medical Consultative Board Medical Department Medical Examining Board Movements Department Nautical Almanac Office Naval Artillery and Torpedo Department Naval Engineering College Naval Equipment Department Naval Historical Branch Naval Construction Department Naval Intelligence Department Naval Medical Service Naval Law Division Naval Mobilisation Department Naval Ordnance Department Naval Ordnance Inspection Department Naval Ordnance Stores Department Naval Publicity Department Naval Reserve Department Naval Security Department Naval Stores Department Naval Training Department Naval Works Department Navy, Army and Air Force Institute Navy and Army Canteen Board Navy Works Department Navigation Department Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope Office of the Admiral Commanding Coast Guard and Reserves Office of the Admiral Commanding, Reserves Office of the Admiral Superintendent, Chatham Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Devonport Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Malta Office of the Admiral-Superintendent of Naval Reserves Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Pembroke Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Plymouth Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Portsmouth Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Rosyth Office of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Chemist Office of the Adviser on the Naval Construction to the Board of Admiralty Office of the Assistant Controller Office of the Assistant Controller Research and Development Office of the Clerk of the Journals Office of the Deputy Controller of Navy Office of the Deputy Controller Production Office of the Director Woman’s Royal Naval Nursing Service Office of Extra Naval Assistant to Second Sea Lord Office of the Inspector Gun Mountings Office of the Keeper of Records Office of the Senior Psychologist of the Navy Office of the Translator of French and Spanish Languages Office of the Vice Controller Air Office of the Vice Controller of the Navy Organisation and Methods Department Packet Service Regional Organisation for Merchant Shipbuilding and Repairs Royal Corps of Naval Constructors Royal Flying Corps Royal Marines
Royal Marines
Office Royal Marines
Royal Marines
Pay Office Office of the Chaplain of the Fleet Royal Naval Academy Royal Naval Aircraft Workshops Royal Naval Air Service Royal Naval Air Stations Royal Naval Armaments Depot Royal Naval Cordite Factories Royal Naval Propellant Factory Royal Naval College, Dartmouth Royal Naval College, Greenwich Royal Naval College, Keyham Royal Naval College, Osborne Royal Naval Engineering College Royal Naval Film Corporation Royal Naval Hospital Royal Naval Medical Depot Royal Naval Minewatching Service Royal Naval Mine Depot Royal Naval Patrol Service Royal Naval Scientific Service Royal Naval Sick Quarters Royal Naval Torpedo Depot Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Royal Naval War College Royal Naval War College, Portsmouth Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Dockyard Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Medical Service Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Shore Signal Service Royal Observatory, Greenwich Royal School of Naval Architecture Salvage Department School of Mathematics and Naval Construction Scientific Research and Experiment Department Sea Transport Department Ship Department Ship Design Department Signal Department Signal School Statistics Department Steam Department Superintendent of De-magnetisation Torpedoes and Mining Department Transport Department Undersurface Warfare Department Victualling Department Volunteer Boys and Cadet Corps Weapons Department Wireless Telegraphy Board

Distribution of the Fleet

Office of the Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty Office of the First Naval Lord Office of the First Sea Lord Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff

Military units distributed under the Admiralty

1st Fleet 2nd Fleet 3rd Fleet Africa Station Atlantic Fleet Australia Station Cape of Good Hope Station Cape and West Africa Station Battle Cruiser
Cruiser
Fleet Battle Cruiser
Cruiser
Force Caspian Flotilla Channel Fleet Channel Squadron Coastal Forces Coast of Ireland Station Cork Station Coast of Scotland Command China Command Dover Command Downs Station East Indies Fleet East Indies Station East Indies and China Station Eastern Fleet Far Eastern Fleet Grand Fleet Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Command Gibraltar
Gibraltar
and Mediterranean Approaches Command Harwich Force Home Fleet Jamaica Station Leeward Islands Station Lisbon Station Mediterranean Fleet Newfoundland Station New Zealand Division New Zealand Naval Forces Nore Command North America and West Indies Station North Atlantic Command North Sea Fleet Orkneys and Shetlands Command Pacific Fleet Pacific Station Patrols Command Plymouth Command Portsmouth Command Queenstown Station Royal East African Navy Royal Indian Navy Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Submarine Service Rosyth Command Reserve Fleet Scotland and Northern Ireland South Atlantic Command South Atlantic and Pacific Station South America Station South East Coast of America Station West Africa Squadron West Africa Station Western Approaches Command West Indies Station Western Squadron

Direction of Naval Finance

Department of the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty

Departments under Secretary

Department of the Civil Lord of the Admiralty Accountant-General's Department Comptroller of the Navy Department of the Surveyor of the Navy

Direction of Naval Administration and the Admiralty
Admiralty
Secretariat

Department of the Permanent Secretary

Branches and offices under Permanent Secretary

Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Copying Branch Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Registry Branch Admiralty
Admiralty
Record Office Admiralty
Admiralty
Library Admiralty
Admiralty
Secretariat Air Branch Civil Branch Legal Branch Military Branch Naval Branch Ship Branch

Civil Administration

Department of the Civil Lord of the Admiralty, Department of the Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty

Departments under Civil Administration

Accountant-General's Department Contract and Purchase Department Department of the Director of Contract Labour Department of the Surveyor of Buildings Director of Works' Department Greenwich Hospital Department Works Loan Department

Legal

Judicial Department

Legal under Judicial Department

Admiralty
Admiralty
court High Court of Admiralty Office of the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty High Court of Justice Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet Office of the Chief Naval Judge Advocate Office of the Marshall High Court of the Admiralty Office of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Advocate Office of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Proctor Office of the Receiver of Droits High Court of Admiralty Office of the Registrar High Court of the Admiralty Office of the Solicitor for the Affairs of the Admiralty Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty
Admiralty
and Navy Office of the Counsel to the Admiralty Court of Admiralty
Admiralty
for the Cinque Ports King's Bench Division (Admiralty) Queens's Bench Division (Admiralty) Probate, Divorce and Admiralty
Admiralty
Division Vice Admiralty
Admiralty
courts Colonial Courts of Admiralty

v t e

Historic fleets and naval commands of the Royal Navy

1st Fleet 2nd Fleet 3rd Fleet Atlantic Fleet Australia Battle Cruiser
Cruiser
Fleet Caspian Flotilla Channel Fleet Coast of Ireland Coast of Scotland China Dover Downs East Indies East Indies and China Station Eastern Fleet Far East Fleet Good Hope Grand Fleet Home Fleet Jamaica Station Lisbon Leeward Islands Mediterranean Fleet Newfoundland Station New Zealand New Zealand Naval Forces Nore North Sea North America Station North America and West Indies North Atlantic Orkneys and Shetlands Pacific Fleet Pacific Station Plymouth Portsmouth Rosyth Reserve Fleet South Atlantic South Atlantic and Pacific South Atlantic and South America South East Coast of America West Africa Squadron West Africa Station West Coast of Africa Western Approaches Wester

.