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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
([ˈmeːklənbʊʁk ˈfoːɐ̯pɔmɐn]; often Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
Pomerania
in English[5][6] and commonly shortened to "Meck-Pomm" or even "McPom" or "M-V" in German) is a federal state in northern Germany. The capital city is Schwerin. The state was formed through the merger of the historic regions of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Western Pomerania
Pomerania
after the Second World War, dissolved in 1952 and recreated at the time of the German reunification
German reunification
in 1990. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is the sixth largest German state by area, and the least densely populated. The coastline of the Baltic Sea, including islands such as Rügen
Rügen
and Usedom, as well as the Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
Lake District, features many holiday resorts and unspoilt nature, making Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
one of Germany's leading tourist destinations. Three of Germany's fourteen national parks are in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, in addition to several hundred nature conservation areas. Major cities include Rostock, Schwerin, Neubrandenburg, Stralsund, Greifswald, Wismar
Wismar
and Güstrow. The University
University
of Rostock
Rostock
(est. 1419) and the University
University
of Greifswald
Greifswald
(est. 1456) are among the oldest in Europe. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
was the site of the 33rd G8 summit
33rd G8 summit
in 2007.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Prehistory 2.2 Mecklenburg 2.3 Western Pomerania 2.4 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

3 Geography

3.1 Location and urban areas 3.2 Districts 3.3 Landscape

3.3.1 Lakes 3.3.2 National parks

4 Culture

4.1 Architecture 4.2 Museums, art and theatres 4.3 Language 4.4 Food and drinks 4.5 Religion 4.6 Immigration

5 Education

5.1 Universities and colleges 5.2 Schools

6 Politics

6.1 Minister President 6.2 Landtag

7 Economy

7.1 The labour market 7.2 Tourism

8 Sport 9 Notable people 10 Miscellaneous 11 Gallery 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Name[edit]

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Due to its lengthy name, the state is often abbreviated as MV or (colloquially) shortened to MeckPomm.[citation needed] In English, it is sometimes translated as "Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania" or literally "Mecklenburg-Cispomerania"[citation needed]. Inhabitants are called either Mecklenburger or Pomeranians, the combined form is never used. The full name in German is pronounced [ˈmeːklənbʊɐ̯k ˈfoɐ̯pɔmɐn]. Sometimes, Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
is pronounced [ˈmɛklənbʊɐ̯k]. This is because the digraph <ck> marks a preceding short vowel in High German. Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
however is within the historical Low German
Low German
language area, and the "c" appeared in its name during the period of transition to Standard, i.e. High German usage ( Low German
Low German
authors wrote the name Meklenborg or Męklenborg, depicting proper Low German
Low German
pronunciation, which itself was a syncope of Middle Low German
Low German
Mekelenborg). The introduction of the "c" is explained as follows: Either the "c" signals the stretched pronunciation of the preceding "e" (Dehnungs-c), or it signals the pronunciation of the subsequent "k" as an occlusive [k] to prevent it from falsely being rendered as a fricative [χ] following a Low German trend.[7] Another explanation is that the "c" comes from a mannerism in High German
High German
officialese of writing unnecessary letters, a so-called Letternhäufelung (lit.: letter accumulation, as was done sometimes in English with words such as "doubt"). History[edit]

One of more than 1000 megalith sites in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
− the Lancken-Granitz dolmen

In the aftermath of the Second World War and the German reunification in 1990, the state was constituted from the historic region of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Western Pomerania, both of which had long and rich independent histories. Prehistory[edit]

Slavic ring fortress at Cape Arkona
Cape Arkona
( Rügen
Rügen
Island)

See also: Megaliths in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Human settlement in the area of modern Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Vorpommern began after the Ice Age, about 10,000 BC. About two thousand years ago, Germanic peoples
Germanic peoples
were recorded in the area. Most of them left during the Migration Period, heading towards Spain, Italy, and France, leaving the area relatively deserted. In the 6th century Polabian Slavs
Slavs
populated the area. While Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
was settled by the Obotrites, Vorpommern was settled by the Veleti
Veleti
(later Liuticians) and the Rani. Along the coast, Vikings and Slavs
Slavs
established trade posts like Reric, Ralswiek
Ralswiek
and Menzlin. In the 12th century, Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Vorpommern were conquered by Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion
and incorporated into the Duchy of Saxony, joining the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in the 1180s. All of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
was settled with Germans
Germans
in the Ostsiedlung process, starting in the 12th century. Mecklenburg[edit] Main article: Mecklenburg In the late 12th century, Henry the Lion, Duke of the Saxons, conquered the Obotrites, subjugated its Nikloting dynasty, and Christianized its people. In the course of time, German monks, nobility, peasants and traders arrived to settle here. After the 12th century, the territory remained stable and relatively independent of its neighbours; one of the few German territories for which this is true. Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
first became a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1348. Though later partitioned and re-partitioned within the same dynasty, Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
always shared a common history and identity. The states of Mecklenburg- Schwerin
Schwerin
and Mecklenburg-Strelitz became Grand Duchies in 1815, and in 1870 they voluntarily joined the new German Empire, while retaining their own internal autonomy. After the First World War and the abdication of the German Kaiser, the monarchies of the duchies were abolished and republican governments of both Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
states were established, until the Nazi government merged the two states into a unified state of Mecklenburg (de), a virtually meaningless administrative decision under the centralized regime. Western Pomerania[edit]

Late medieval Brick Gothic
Brick Gothic
architecture in Stralsund, today a World Heritage Site.

Main article: History of Pomerania Vorpommern, literally Fore-Pomerania, is the smaller, western part of the former Prussian Province of Pomerania; the eastern part became part of Poland
Poland
after the end of World War II. In the Middle Ages, the area was ruled by the Pomeranian dukes as part of the Duchy of Pomerania. Pomerania
Pomerania
was under Swedish rule after the Peace of Westphalia
Peace of Westphalia
from 1648 until 1815 as Swedish Pomerania. Pomerania
Pomerania
became a province of Prussia
Prussia
in 1815 and remained so until 1945. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern[edit]

Wartime

In May 1945, the armies of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and the Western allies met east of Schwerin. Following the Potsdam Agreement, the Western allies handed over Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
to the Soviets. Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
Pomerania
was established on 9 July 1945, by order No. 5 of Red Army
Red Army
Marshal Georgy Zhukov, head of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany
Germany
(SMAD), as the Province of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and West Pomerania
Pomerania
(zapadnoi Pomeranii).[8]

Division of Pomerania.

During the war, the make-up of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Vorpommern's population changed, due to wartime losses and the influx of evacuees (mainly from the Berlin
Berlin
and Hamburg
Hamburg
metropolitan areas that were subject to air raids). After the war, people who fled and were expelled from the former eastern territories of Germany
Germany
east of the Oder-Neisse line settled in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(and elsewhere in Germany), increasing the population by 40%. Before the war, Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Western Pomerania
Western Pomerania
had a population of 1,278,700, of whom many perished during the war and others moved west in the course of the Red Army's advance. In 1947, some 1,426,000 refugees from the former eastern parts of Germany
Germany
were counted. Most of them settled in rural communities, but the urban population also increased, most notably in Schwerin
Schwerin
from 65,000 (1939) to 99,518 (January 1947), in Wismar
Wismar
from 29,463 to 44,173, and in Greifswald
Greifswald
from 29,488 to 43,897.[9] Western Pomerania
Pomerania
was additionally stripped of the area around the Pomeranian regional capital Stettin/Szczecin as well as the city itself, despite it was located to the west of the river Oder.

Rostock
Rostock
was the major overseas port of East Germany, and is one of the most important Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
ports today. Pictured Hanse Sail
Hanse Sail
is one of the world's largest maritime events.

German Democratic Republic

On 5 June 1946, a law enacted by the Soviets constituted a provisional German administration (Beratende Versammlung, English: "Consulting assembly") under Soviet supervision on 29 June 1946. After elections on 20 October 1946, a Landtag
Landtag
replaced the Beratende Versammlung and created the constitution of 16 January 1947, for the Land Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. On 18 April 1947, the state's name was shortened to Land Mecklenburg. Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
became a constituent state ("Land") of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) upon its formation in 1949. In 1952, the East German government abandoned the term Land in this context and redesignated its administrative territorial divisions as "districts" (German: Bezirke). The territory of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Vorpommern was divided into three districts that covered roughly the same area: Bezirk Rostock, Bezirk Schwerin
Schwerin
and Bezirk Neubrandenburg. These were commonly known as the Nordbezirke (northern districts) under the highly centralised GDR
GDR
government. The East German government developed the shipyards in the old Hanseatic ports (the largest being in Rostock
Rostock
and Stralsund), and also established the Greifswald
Greifswald
Nuclear Power Plant in Lubmin
Lubmin
near Greifswald.

Reunification

At the time of German reunification
German reunification
in 1990, the eastern states were reconstituted along their postwar boundaries (with minor adjustments) as they had existed until 1952, and the historic name Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
was restored. Since 1990, the state has undergone dramatic changes. What had been largely an industrial and agricultural economy is increasingly driven by the service, tourism, and high-tech sectors. The old towns, hundreds of castles and manors, resort buildings, windmills, churches, and various other cultural monuments of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
have been renovated in recent years. Since 2013, net migration into the state has been positive again. Geography[edit]

Map of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, showing locations, heights and waters.

Constituent regions and districts of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, including the border of the historical Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Western Pomerania regions.

Location and urban areas[edit] Sixth-largest in area and fourteenth in overall population among Germany's sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is bounded to the north by the Baltic Sea, to the west by Schleswig-Holstein, to the southwest by Lower Saxony, to the south by Brandenburg, and to the east by the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's state capital is Schwerin. The largest city is Rostock
Rostock
with approximately 205,000 people, followed by Schwerin. Other major cities include Neubrandenburg, Stralsund, Greifswald, Wismar
Wismar
and Güstrow. See also: List of cities in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Districts[edit]

Schwerin, state capital of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Since 4 September 2011, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is divided into six Kreise (districts) and two independent urban districts:

Landkreis Rostock Ludwigslust-Parchim Mecklenburgische Seenplatte Nordwestmecklenburg Vorpommern-Greifswald Vorpommern-Rügen

and

Rostock
Rostock
(HRO) Schwerin
Schwerin
(SN)

Landscape[edit]

Chalk cliffs at Jasmund National Park
Jasmund National Park
(island of Rügen)

The state's Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
coast is about 2000 km long and features several islands, most notably Germany's two biggest islands Rügen
Rügen
and Usedom, but also a number of smaller islands such as Hiddensee
Hiddensee
and Poel. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's varied coastline also has many peninsulas such as Fischland-Darß-Zingst
Fischland-Darß-Zingst
and various lagoons (also known as Bodden or Haff). A total of 283 nature reserves, 110 landscape reserves and three of Germany's 14 national parks are scattered all over the state. Lakes[edit] See also: List of lakes in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern The southern part of the state is characterized by a multitude of lakes within the Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
Lakeland, the largest of which is Lake Müritz
Müritz
(also the largest German lake), followed by Lake Schwerin, Plauer See and Lake Kummerow. The "land of a thousand lakes" (German: Land der tausend Seen) is hallmarked by its unspoilt nature. Due to its clean air and idyllic setting, medical tourism has become a notable tourism sector in the region.[10] National parks[edit]

Name Established Size (km²) Map Picture

Jasmund National Park 1990 30

Müritz
Müritz
National Park 1990 318

Western Pomeranian Lagoons
Lagoons
National Park 1990 805

Culture[edit] Over the centuries, Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Vorpommern have developed and maintained strong regional cultures. It can generally be described as North German and has similar linguistic and historic characteristics to other north German states, such as Schleswig-Holstein. People in Vorpommern, as a result of that territory being a former province of Prussia, tend to look slightly more towards Berlin
Berlin
and Brandenburg than people in Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
would. Architecture[edit] The cities are characterised by a certain "Hanseatic" style also found in other parts of northern Germany
Germany
(e.g. Lübeck) as well as in countries bordering the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
like Estonia
Estonia
(e.g. Tallinn) or Latvia
Latvia
(e.g. Riga). A common feature of many towns in Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Vorpommern are red Brick Gothic
Brick Gothic
churches and houses dating back to the Middle Ages. Also stepped and tailed gables are a typical feature of the Hanseatic old towns, such as Stralsund, Wismar
Wismar
and Greifswald. The old towns are usually built around one or several market places with a church or the town hall. Often towns were founded at the Baltic Sea, one of the many lakes or a river for logistical and trade motives. Rural areas of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
are often characterized by Brick Gothic village churches and agricultural heritage, like brick homesteads, thatched roof houses, windmills, manor houses and castles.

The central market square of Greifswald
Greifswald
(Marktplatz), showing typical architecture of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

Museums, art and theatres[edit]

Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
State Theatre in Schwerin

Ozeaneum
Ozeaneum
in Stralsund, Europe's museum of the year 2010 and Northern Germany's most popular museum (as part of the German Oceanographic Museum)

See also: List of museums in Germany
Germany
§ Mecklenburg-Vorpommern The largest publicly funded theatres in the state are the Mecklenburg State Theatre, the Rostock
Rostock
People's Theatre, the Theatre of West Pomerania, with venues in Stralsund, Putbus
Putbus
and Greifswald, and the Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
State Theatre of Neustrelitz
Neustrelitz
with venues in Neubrandenburg and Neustrelitz. All four theatres offer both drama and musical theatre as well as orchestral music. Other important theatres are the Ernst Barlach
Ernst Barlach
Theatre of Güstrow, the Theatre of Parchim, the Anklam Theatre and the Wismar
Wismar
Theatre. There are also many small theatres on the Baltic coast and in individual artist's villages and resorts (e.g. the popular concert pavilions at the Baltic Sea). Since its growing importance for summer tourism, open-air theatres and festivals become more common again as well, such as the Störtebeker Festival
Störtebeker Festival
on the island of Rügen, and the Vineta Festival on Usedom.

Theatre Visitors 2007/2008[11]

Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
State Theatre, Schwerin 170,681

West Pomeranian Theatre and Symphony Orchestra, Greifswald/Stralsund 140,902

Neustrelitz/ Neubrandenburg
Neubrandenburg
Theatre and Orchestre 120,042

Rostock
Rostock
People's Theatre 119,758

West Pomeranian State Theatre, Anklam 71,825

Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
State Theatre, Parchim 14,773

Since 1993, the Störtebeker Festival
Störtebeker Festival
has taken place in Ralswiek
Ralswiek
on the island of Rügen. It is Germany's most successful open-air theatre. Notable museums include, for example, the Schwerin
Schwerin
State Museum and the Pomeranian State Museum
Pomeranian State Museum
at Greifswald. The German Oceanographic Museum with its Ozeaneum
Ozeaneum
in Stralsund
Stralsund
is the most popular museum in northern Germany. Furthermore, the German Amber Museum in Ribnitz-Damgarten, Rostock's Abbey of the Holy Cross and Rostock
Rostock
Art Gallery are of national importance. The oldest museum in Mecklenburg- Western Pomerania
Western Pomerania
is Stralsund's Cultural History Museum, the smallest is the Professor Wandschneider Sculpture Museum in Plau am See. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is home to many cultural events throughout the year. During summer, many open-air concerts and operas are open to visitors. The Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Festival (Festspiele Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) attracts a sizeable audience by performing classical concerts in parks, churches and castles. Caspar David Friedrich, a famous romanticist painter born in Greifswald, immortalised parts of the state in several of his paintings. Language[edit]

Low German
Low German
dialects

Today the vast majority of people speak Standard German, a few centuries ago most people spoke Low German
Low German
(German: Plattdeutsch or Niederdeutsch), a dialect that is still kept alive within various communities and cultural events. Food and drinks[edit] See also: Pomeranian cuisine Like most German regions, Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and Vorpommern have their own traditional dishes, often including fish, beef and pork. Rostock
Rostock
has its own type of bratwurst called Rostocker Bratwurst. A famous dish from Western Pomerania
Western Pomerania
is Bismarck Herring. Rote Grütze is a popular dessert. The largest beer breweries are Mecklenburgische Brauerei Lübz
Lübz
(Lübzer Pils), Hanseatische Brauerei Rostock, Darguner Brauerei and Störtebeker Braumanufaktur (Stralsund, multiple winner of the World Beer Cup). Besides, there are many smaller breweries and craft beer variations, such as the Mellenthin
Mellenthin
Castle Beer from Usedom Island. Religion[edit]

Religion in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
− 2010

religion

percent

EKD Protestants

17.3%

Roman Catholics

3.3%

Other or none

79.4%

The majority (79.4%) of the citizens of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania are not religious or are unaffiliated. As of 2010, 17.3% are members of the Evangelical Church in Germany
Germany
and 3.3% of the Catholic Church.[12] Following the Christian Reformation, led in Germany
Germany
by Martin Luther, as well as a period of Swedish rule, the traditional faith in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is Protestantism, specifically Lutheranism. There are also a number of Catholics and people of other faiths. In May 2012 the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
merged with North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church and Pomeranian Evangelical Church into the new Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany.[13] Some parishes of the state belong to Evangelical Church of Berlin
Berlin
and Brandenburg. There are also Jewish communities, in the state capital of Schwerin (including Wismar) and in the city of Rostock. Historically, there were also synagogues in smaller towns, of which some are still preserved (like Röbel, Krakow am See
Krakow am See
and Boizenburg). The state's Jewish organisation is part of the Central Council of Jews in Germany. Immigration[edit] Largest immigrant communities :

 Syria 12,695

 Poland 10,785

 Ukraine 4,190

 Russia 3,905

 Afghanistan 2,700

 Romania 2,670

 Vietnam 1,945

 Bulgaria 1,505

 Hungary 1,290

 Turkey 1,285

 Lithuania 1,235

 Italy 1,100

 Greece 1,075

 Armenia 1,055

 Ghana 1,050

Education[edit]

University
University
of Rostock

University
University
of Greifswald

Universities and colleges[edit] Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
has the two oldest universities of the Baltic Sea region, also among the oldest of Germany
Germany
and all of Europe:

University
University
of Greifswald
Greifswald
(est. 1456) University
University
of Rostock
Rostock
(est 1419)

Also, there are further colleges / technological universities:

Fachhochschule des Mittelstands (FHM)[14] in Rostock
Rostock
and Schwerin (private) Rostock
Rostock
University
University
of Music and Theatre Hochschule Wismar
Wismar
( University
University
of Applied Sciences: Technology, Business and Design) Fachhochschule Stralsund[15] ( University
University
of Applied Sciences) Hochschule Neubrandenburg[16] ( University
University
of Applied Sciences) Fachhochschule für öffentliche Verwaltung, Rechtspflege und Polizei Güstrow[17] ( University
University
of Administration, Judicature and Police in Güstrow) Hochschule der Bundesagentur für Arbeit with its Schwerin
Schwerin
campus DesignSchule Schwerin
Schwerin
with options to study design (private; game/fashion/media/web design)

Schools[edit] The state's school system is centralised. There are two main types of schools, Regionalschule (for the majority of pupils) and Gymnasium (for the top 30% of each year's students, leading to the university entrance qualification "Abitur"). Besides, there are also independent schools, comprehensive schools and trade schools. Politics[edit]

Schwerin Palace
Schwerin Palace
− seat of the Landtag
Landtag
(state parliament) of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Article 20 of the State Constitution states that the Landtag
Landtag
is the "site of political decision-making".[18] The Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Landtag
Landtag
is elected democratically by the citizens of the state and sits for a 5-year legislative period.[18] The seat of the Landtag
Landtag
is located at Schwerin Palace
Schwerin Palace
in Schwerin.[18] The essential functions of the Landtag
Landtag
are to elect the Minister-President
Minister-President
of the state; to discuss and decide on laws which have been proposed by the government, by any four members of the Landtag, or a people's initiative or petition for a referendum initiated directly by the people; and to control the state government.[18] Minister President[edit]

Social Democrat Erwin Sellering, Minister President since 2008

The executive is led by a cabinet, in turn led by a Minister-President, who is the official head of state and government. The election to determine the Minister-President
Minister-President
is held no later than four weeks after the newly elected Landtag
Landtag
is convened.[18] Main article: List of Ministers-President of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Landtag[edit] See also: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
state election, 2016 The last election of the Landtag
Landtag
took place on 4 September 2016. The Grand coalition of SPD and CDU[19] which took office after the 2006 election, was returned with a decreased majority. The Landtag
Landtag
has been led by Minister President Erwin Sellering
Erwin Sellering
since 2008. The preliminary results of the 2016 election are shown below.[20]

e • d Summary of the 4 September 2016 Landtag
Landtag
of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
elections results < 2011    Next >

Party Popular vote Seats

Votes % +/– Seats +/–

Social Democratic Party of Germany Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands – SPD

30.6 5.0 26 1

Alternative for Germany Alternative für Deutschland – AfD

20.8 20.8 18 18

Christian Democratic Union Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands – CDU

19.0 5.0 16 2

The Left Die Linke

13.2 5.2 11 3

Alliance '90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die Grünen

4.8 3.9 – 7

Free Democratic Party Freie Demokratische Partei – FDP

3.0 0.3 –

National Democratic Party of Germany Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands – NPD

3.0 3.0 – 5

Valid votes 806,396 98.1% 1.9

Invalid votes 15,249 1.9% 1.9

Totals and voter turnout 821,645 61.6% 10.1 71

Electorate 1,333,298 100.00 —

Source: Landeswahlleiterin[21]

Economy[edit]

Airports in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

The labour market[edit] Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is the least densely populated and least industrial German state, being the sixth largest in size, but only 14th in population. The unemployment rate has gone down to 10,7% (September 2012).[22] Formerly, it has been negatively affected by the breakdown of non-competitive former GDR
GDR
industries after the German reunification in the 1990s. Now it is the lowest in more than 15 years while the economy is growing and the number of jobs is increasing continually. Growing sectors are biotechnology, information technology, life sciences, maritime industry and tourist services. In Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, approximately 732,200 people were gainfully employed in 2008 with 657,100 of them were white and blue collar workers. About 4,200 new jobs were created in 2007. Employees worked an average of 1,455 hours a year. The number of self-employed did not change in 2008. Three out of every four of all workers are employed in the service sector.[23] Tourism[edit] Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is the top destination for intra-German tourism and is gaining importance for international tourism. The main tourist regions are:

Islands: Rugia and Usedom
Usedom
(Germany's two largest islands), Poel
Poel
and Hiddensee; Peninsula: Fischland-Darß-Zingst
Fischland-Darß-Zingst
(with Ahrenshoop
Ahrenshoop
and Zingst); Seaside resorts: Binz, Boltenhagen, Graal-Müritz, Heringsdorf (including Bansin
Bansin
and Ahlbeck), Heiligendamm, Kühlungsborn, Warnemünde
Warnemünde
and Zinnowitz; Stettin Lagoon: Ueckermünde; Hinterland: particularly the Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
Lakeland; and Cities: Stralsund
Stralsund
and Wismar
Wismar
(both listed as UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites), Schwerin, Güstrow, Rostock
Rostock
and Greifswald, which have a diverse cultural heritage. Night sky: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is home to some of the most pristine night skies in Germany, especially in the area near Nationalpark Müritz. It is a potential site for a Dark Sky Park.

As a reminder of its rich history, nearly 2,000 castles, palaces and manor houses exist in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, many of which are used as venues for public events like concerts and festivals, such as Festpiele MV[24] (a classical music festival). Medical tourism[10] based on the clean air and idyllic settings by the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
has a growing importance to the regional tourism industry.[10]

Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
Lakeland, lake Müritz
Müritz
in Röbel

Sellin
Sellin
on the Island of Rügen

Moonrise over Nationalpark Müritz.

Sport[edit] Main sporting attractions include the German football league games of F.C. Hansa Rostock
Rostock
and the international sailing event Hanse Sail. Had the bid for the 2012 summer Olympics in Leipzig
Leipzig
been successful, the sailing competitions would have taken place off the coast of Rostock. Notable people[edit]

Arts and Film: Ernst Barlach, Friedrich von Flotow, Caspar David Friedrich, Marianne Hoppe, Till Lindemann, Philipp Otto Runge Business: Ernst Heinkel, Carl Heinrich von Siemens, Leonhard Tietz, Georg Wertheim Literature: Ernst Moritz Arndt, John Brinckman (de), Hans Fallada, Walter Kempowski, Fritz Reuter, Rudolf Tarnow, Ehm Welk Politics: Ernst Moritz Arndt, Dietmar Bartsch, Joachim Gauck, Egon Krenz, Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Angela Merkel, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Harald Ringstorff Science: Theodor Billroth, Friedrich Chrysander, Walther Flemming, Gottlob Frege, Otto Lilienthal, Gustav Mie, Ferdinand von Mueller, Paul Pogge, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Heinrich Schliemann, Johannes Stark Sports: Tim Borowski, Andreas Dittmer, Thomas Doll, Carsten Jancker, Marita Koch, Toni Kroos, Sebastian Sylvester, Jan Ullrich, Jens Voigt

Caspar David Friedrich
Caspar David Friedrich
in his studio (1819), a primary representative of Romanticism.

Angela Merkel's constituency is in Western Pomerania.

Miscellaneous[edit]

V2 replica in Peenemünde. These rockets were the first man-made objects to reach space.

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
is Germany's number-one tourist location, the main destinations being the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
coastline with islands such as Rügen
Rügen
or Usedom, spa towns like Heiligendamm, Kühlungsborn, Boltenhagen
Boltenhagen
or Warnemünde
Warnemünde
and the Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
Lake District. It also offers important historical cities, such as Stralsund, Wismar, Greifswald
Greifswald
and Rostock
Rostock
as former Hanseatic cities − or Schwerin, Güstrow, Ludwigslust
Ludwigslust
and Neustrelitz
Neustrelitz
as former residences. The first rockets to reach outer space were launched in 1944 during World War II
World War II
in Peenemünde
Peenemünde
on the present-day territory of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.[25] During the chancellorship of Angela Merkel, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern hosted the first official public meeting with President George W. Bush in 2006 and the 33rd G8 summit
33rd G8 summit
in 2007. Both political events were financed by state and federal budgets.

Gallery[edit]

Stralsund
Stralsund
− old town from above, world heritage protected by UNESCO

Binz
Binz
− typical German resort architecture (Bäderarchitektur) at the Baltic Sea

Beach Promenade of Warnemünde, part of Rostock

Rostock
Rostock
− Shopping street

Rostock
Rostock
Brick Gothic
Brick Gothic
gable house

Greifswald
Greifswald
Gable
Gable
houses at market square

Schwerin
Schwerin
− capital of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Harbour of Wismar, a historical Hanseatic city sharing its world heritage status with Stralsund

Grabow
Grabow
− Half timbered town hall

Neubrandenburg
Neubrandenburg
− Concert church St. Marien

Usedom
Usedom
− Benz windmill, one of many windmills in MV

Rügen
Rügen
Ralswiek
Ralswiek
castle, one of many castles in MV

Rügen
Rügen
− Granitz Hunting Castle near Binz

Ahlbeck
Ahlbeck
− Hotel "Ahlbecker Hof" ( Usedom
Usedom
Island)

Ahrenshoop
Ahrenshoop
− steep coast, peninsula of Fischland-Darß-Zingst

Rügen
Rügen
Island − Jasmund National Park

Hiddensee
Hiddensee
Island − Dornbusch Lighthouse

Müritz
Müritz
Lake − near Röbel

See also[edit]

Germany
Germany
portal

History of Pomerania List of places in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern List of towns in Vorpommern Mecklenburg Pomerania

References[edit]

^ "Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
31.12.2016". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(in German). January 2018.  ^ With the abolition of states in East Germany
Germany
in 1952 vehicle registration followed the new Bezirk subdivisions. Since 1991 distinct prefixes are specified for each district. ^ "Regional GDP per capita in the EU28 in 2013". Retrieved 2015-09-10.  ^ "State population". Portal
Portal
of the Federal Statistics Office Germany (in German). Retrieved 2007-04-25.  ^ merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Mecklenburg-West%20Pomerania ^ britannica.com/place/Mecklenburg-West-Pomerania ^ Gesellschaft für Deutsche Sprache (1990), Der Sprachdienst (in German), 34, Wiesbaden, p. 128  ^ Brunner, Detlev, Inventar der Befehle der Sowjetischen Militäradministration Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
(-Vorpommern) 1945−1949 in Texte und Materialien zur Zeitgeschichte 12, 2003, ISBN 3-598-11621-7 ^ Beatrice Vierneisel, Fremde im Land: Aspekte zur kulturellen Integration von Umsiedlern in Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
und Vorpommern 1945 bis 1953, 2006, p.12, ISBN 3-8309-1762-7, ISBN 978-3-8309-1762-5 ^ a b c "Branche mit Zukunft". Die Welt
Die Welt
(in German). 2009-05-07. Retrieved 2009-05-08.  ^ "(PDF) Visitor nos. at public theatres in M-V" (PDF).  ^ Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland: Kirchenmitgliederzahlen am 31. Dezember 2010. EKD, 2011, (PDF; 0,45 MB) ^ Nordkirche.de (in German) ^ " University
University
of Applied Sciences: fh-mittelstand.de".  ^ "Fachhochschule Stralsund
Stralsund
- University
University
of Applied Science".  ^ " University
University
NB: Hochschule Neubrandenburg".  ^ "FH Güstrow".  ^ a b c d e "State Parliament". Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, State Portal. "Homepage - State Portal Mecklenburg-Vorpommern".  ^ http://www.n24.de/n24/Nachrichten/Politik/d/9086034/afd-vize-storch-will-bald-regierungsfaehig-werden.html ^ "Wahl des 7. Landtages von Sachsen-Anhalt am 13. März 2016 – Vorläufiges Ergebnis" (in German). Landeswahlleiterin Sachsen-Anhalt. 13 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  ^ "2016-08".  ^ "Employment and Labour Market". Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ "Festspiele Mecklenburg-Vorpommern".  ^ Dyson, Marianne J. (2007). Space and astronomy: decade by decade. Infobase Publishing. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-8160-5536-4. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutMecklenburg-Vorpommernat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
portal Geographic data related to Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
at OpenStreetMap

Tourism

Off to MV - Official tourism website of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Germany.Travel - Federal Tourism Association: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Coordinates: 53°37′N 12°42′E / 53.617°N 12.700°E / 53.617; 12.700

v t e

States of the Federal Republic of Germany

States

   Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
(since 1952)    Bavaria
Bavaria
(since 1949)    Brandenburg
Brandenburg
(since 1990)    Hesse
Hesse
(since 1949)    Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
(since 1949)    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(since 1990)    North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
(since 1949)    Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
(since 1949)    Saarland
Saarland
(since 1957)    Saxony
Saxony
(since 1990)    Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
(since 1990)    Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
(since 1949)    Thuringia
Thuringia
(since 1990)

City-states

   Berlin
Berlin
(since 1990)   Bremen (since 1949)    Hamburg
Hamburg
(since 1949)

Former states

   South Baden
South Baden
(1949–1952)    Württemberg-Baden
Württemberg-Baden
(1949–1952)    Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
(1949–1952)

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Rostock Schwerin

Rural districts

Ludwigslust-Parchim Mecklenburgische Seenplatte Nordwestmecklenburg Rostock Vorpommern-Greifswald Vorpommern-Rügen

v t e

History of Pomerania

10,000 BC – 600 AD 600–1100 1100–1300 1300–1500 1500–1806 1806–1933 1933–1945 1945–present

Administrative

Western Pomerania Farther Pomerania (before 1945)

Billung March Northern March Principality of Rügen Duchy of Pomerania

House of Pomerania List of Dukes Cammin Gützkow Schlawe-Stolp Lauenburg-Bütow Partitions Pomerania-Stolp

Swedish Pomerania Brandenburgian Pomerania
Pomerania
(Draheim) Province of Pomerania
Pomerania
1815–1945

Neumark Köslin Region Stettin Region Stralsund
Stralsund
Region Posen-West Prussia
Prussia
Region List of placenames

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Zachodniopomorskie (after 1945)

Szczecin Voivodeship Koszalin Voivodeship Słupsk Voivodeship West Pomeranian Voivodeship

Pomerelia
Pomerelia
(Kashubia)

Medieval duchies (Samborides) State of the Teutonic Order Royal Prussia
Prussia
( Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
1466–1772) Free City of Danzig
Free City of Danzig
1807–1814 West Prussia Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
1919–1939 (Polish Corridor) Free City of Danzig
Free City of Danzig
1920–1939 Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia Pomeranian Voivodeship

Ecclesiastical

Roman Catholic

Historical

Conversion of Pomerania Diocese of Kolberg (Congress of Gniezno) Diocese of Cammin Diocese of Culm Diocese of Roskilde Diocese of Włocławek (Leslau) Prelature of Schneidemühl

Extant

Archdiocese of Berlin Archdiocese of Szczecin-Kamień Diocese of Koszalin-Kołobrzeg Diocese of Pelplin

Protestant

Protestant Reformation Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland Pentecostal Church in Poland Evangelical State Church in Prussia
Prussia
(extinct) Pomeranian Evangelical Church
Pomeranian Evangelical Church
(extinct)

Demography

Archaeological cultures

Hamburg Maglemosian Ertebølle-Ellerbek Linear Pottery Funnelbeaker Havelland Corded Ware Comb Ceramic Nordic Bronze Age Lusatian Jastorf Pomeranian Oksywie Wielbark Gustow Dębczyn (Denzin)

Peoples

Gepids Goths Lemovii Rugii Vidivarii Vistula Veneti Slavic Pomeranians Prissani Rani Ukrani Veleti Lutici Velunzani German Pomeranians Kashubians Poles Slovincians

Major demographic events

Migration Period Ostsiedlung WWII flight and expulsion of Germans Post-WWII settlement of Poles
Poles
and Ukrainians

Languages and dialects

West Germanic

Low German

Low Prussian Central Pomeranian Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch East Pomeranian West Pomeranian

Standard German

West Slavic

Polabian Polish Pomeranian

Kashubian Slovincian

Treaties

1200–1500

Kremmen (1236) Landin (1250) Kępno (1282) Soldin (1309) Templin (1317) Stralsund
Stralsund
(1354) Stralsund
Stralsund
(1370) Thorn (1411) Soldin (1466) Thorn (1466) Prenzlau (1448 / 1472 / 1479) Pyritz (1493)

1500–1700

Grimnitz (1529) Stettin (1570) Franzburg (1627) Stettin (1630) Westphalia (1648) Stettin (1653) Labiau (1656) Wehlau and Bromberg (1657) Oliva (1660) Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1679) Lund (1679)

1700–present

Stockholm (1719 / 1720) Frederiksborg (1720) Kiel (1814) Vienna (1815) Versailles (1919) Potsdam (1945)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 125624951 LCCN: n91071090 GND: 4242861-0 SUDOC: 027304736 BNF: cb155436169 (d

.